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Conscription in Australia

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Conscription in Australia, or mandatory military service also known as national service, has a controversial history dating back to the first years of nationhood. [1]

70 relations: Alfred Deakin, Arms and the Man, Australian Army, Australian Army Reserve, Australian conscription referendum, 1916, Australian conscription referendum, 1917, Australian Labor Party, Billy Hughes, Chris Watson, Commonwealth Liberal Party, Conscientious objector, Conscription, Crimes Act 1914, Daniel Mannix, Defence (Citizen Military Forces) Act 1943, Direct Action (newspaper), Draft-card burning, Dutch East Indies, E. H. Coombe, Egg Throwing Incident, Frank Tudor, Gallup (company), Geoff Mullen, George Bernard Shaw, George Pearce, Gough Whitlam, Hansard, HM Prison Fairlea, Jehovah's Witnesses, John Curtin, John Zarb, Kokoda Track, Korean War, Melbourne Town Hall, Merauke Force, Michael Matteson, Military history of Oceania, National Labor Party, National service, National Service Act 1951, National Service Act 1964, New Guinea campaign, New South Wales, Prime minister, Protectionist Party, Queensland, Referendum, Richard Carleton, Robert Martin (anti-war activist), Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne, ..., Second Australian Imperial Force, Simon Townsend, Sortition, South Vietnam, South West Pacific theatre of World War II, Sydney Town Hall, T. J. Ryan, Territory of New Guinea, The Age, The Herald (Adelaide), This Day Tonight, Tom Barker (trade unionist), Victorian Socialist Party, Vida Goldstein, Vietnam War, War Precautions Act 1914, William Holman, William White (conscientious objector), Women's Peace Army, 11th Brigade (Australia). Expand index (20 more) »

Alfred Deakin

Alfred Deakin (3 August 18567 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910.

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Arms and the Man

Arms and the Man is a comedy by George Bernard Shaw, whose title comes from the opening words of Virgil's Aeneid, in Latin: Arma virumque cano ("Of arms and the man I sing").

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Australian Army

The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.

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Australian Army Reserve

The Australian Army Reserve is a collective name given to the reserve units of the Australian Army.

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Australian conscription referendum, 1916

The 1916 Australian plebiscite was held on 28 October 1916.

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Australian conscription referendum, 1917

The 1917 Australian plebiscite was held on 20 December 1917.

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Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.

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Billy Hughes

William Morris Hughes, (25 September 186228 October 1952) was an Australian politician who served as the seventh Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1915 to 1923.

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Chris Watson

John Christian Watson (born John Christian Tanck; 9 April 186718 November 1941), commonly known as Chris Watson, was an Australian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of Australia.

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Commonwealth Liberal Party

The Commonwealth Liberal Party (CLP, also known as the Deakin–Cook Party, The Fusion, or the Deakinite Liberal Party) was a political movement active in Australia from 1909 to 1917, shortly after Federation.

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Conscientious objector

A conscientious objector is an "individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service" on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, or religion.

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Conscription

Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.

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Crimes Act 1914

The Crimes Act 1914 is a piece of Federal legislation in Australia.

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Daniel Mannix

Dr Daniel Patrick Mannix (4 March 1864 – 6 November 1963) was an Irish-born Catholic bishop.

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Defence (Citizen Military Forces) Act 1943

The Defence (Citizen Military Forces) Act (1943) was federal Australian law passed on 26 January 1943 which extended the area in which the Militia were obliged to serve from Australia and its territories to the South-Western Pacific Zone (SWPZ), a triangle bounded by the equator and the 110th and 159th meridians of longitude, for the duration of the war and up to six months of Australia ceasing to be involved in hostilities.

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Direct Action (newspaper)

Direct Action was an English language newspaper published in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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Draft-card burning

Draft-card burning was a symbol of protest performed by thousands of young men in the US and Australia in the 1960s and early 1970s.

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Dutch East Indies

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.

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E. H. Coombe

Ephraim Henry Coombe (26 August 1858 – 5 April 1917) was a South Australian newspaper editor and politician.

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Egg Throwing Incident

The Egg Throwing Incident occurred on 29 November 1917 in Warwick, Queensland, Australia.

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Frank Tudor

Francis Gwynne Tudor (29 January 1866 – 10 January 1922) was an Australian politician who served as the leader of the Australian Labor Party from 1916 until his death.

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Gallup (company)

Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.

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Geoff Mullen

Geoffrey Richard "Geoff" Mullen (16 March 1947 – 25 November 2014) was an Australian draft resister whose jailing in 1971 became a focal point of opposition to conscription for the Vietnam War.

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George Bernard Shaw

George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.

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George Pearce

Sir George Foster Pearce KCVO (14 January 1870 – 24 June 1952) was an Australian politician who served as a Senator for Western Australia from 1901 to 1938.

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Gough Whitlam

Edward Gough Whitlam (11 July 191621 October 2014) was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1972 to 1975.

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Hansard

Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.

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HM Prison Fairlea

HM Prison Fairlea was an Australian female prison located on Yarra Bend Road in the suburb of Fairfield, Victoria, Australia.

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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John Curtin

John Curtin (8 January 1885 – 5 July 1945) was an Australian politician who served as the 14th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1941 to his death in 1945.

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John Zarb

John Zarb was an Australian Conscientious objector to military service (Conscription) during the Vietnam War.

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Kokoda Track

The Kokoda Track or Trail is a single-file foot thoroughfare that runs overland – in a straight line – through the Owen Stanley Range in Papua New Guinea.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

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Melbourne Town Hall

Melbourne Town Hall is the central City and town hall, and is an historic building that has been there since 1867, Australia, in the State of Victoria.

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Merauke Force

Merauke Force was an Australian-led military force of World War II which was responsible for defending Merauke in the Netherlands East Indies (NEI) from Japanese attack amidst the Pacific War.

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Michael Matteson

Michael Matteson was an anti-war activist who resisted conscription into the Australian Army during the Vietnam War, due to his anarchist philosophy and principles.

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Military history of Oceania

Although the military history of Oceania probably goes back thousands of years to the first human settlement in the region, little is known about war in Oceania until the arrival of Europeans.

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National Labor Party

The National Labor Party was formed by Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes in 1916 following the 1916 Labor split on the issue of World War I conscription in Australia.

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National service

National service is a system of either compulsory or voluntary government service, usually military service.

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National Service Act 1951

The National Service Act (1951) was Australian federal legislation providing for the compulsory call-up of males turning 18 on or after 1 November 1950, for service training of 176 days.

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National Service Act 1964

The National Service Act (1964), was an Australian federal law, passed on 24 November 1964, which required 20-year-old males to serve in the Army for a period of twenty-four months of continuous service (reduced to eighteen months in 1971) followed by three years in the Reserve.

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New Guinea campaign

The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945.

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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Prime minister

A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

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Protectionist Party

The Protectionist Party was an Australian political party, formally organised from 1887 until 1909, with policies centred on protectionism.

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Queensland

Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Referendum

A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.

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Richard Carleton

Richard George Carleton (11 July 19437 May 2006) was a multi-Logie Award winning Australian television journalist.

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Robert Martin (anti-war activist)

Robert Martin (born 1949) is an Australian historian who resisted conscription for military service during the Vietnam War.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne is a Latin Rite metropolitan archdiocese, in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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Second Australian Imperial Force

The Second Australian Imperial Force (Second, or 2nd, AIF) was the name given to the volunteer personnel of the Australian Army in World War II.

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Simon Townsend

Simon Townsend (born 27 November 1945) is an Australian journalist who became a popular television host during the 1980s.

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Sortition

In governance, sortition (also known as allotment or demarchy) is the selection of political officials as a random sample from a larger pool of candidates.

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South Vietnam

South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975 and comprised the southern half of what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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South West Pacific theatre of World War II

The South West Pacific theatre, during World War II, was a major theatre of the war between the Allies and the Empire of Japan.

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Sydney Town Hall

The Sydney Town Hall is a late 19th-century building in the city of Sydney, the capital city of New South Wales, Australia, housing the chambers of the Lord Mayor of Sydney, council offices, and venues for meetings and functions.

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T. J. Ryan

Thomas Joseph Ryan (1 July 1876 – 1 August 1921) was an Australian politician who served as Premier of Queensland from 1915 to 1919, as leader of the state Labor Party.

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Territory of New Guinea

The Territory of New Guinea was an Australian administered territory on the island of New Guinea from 1920 until 1975. In 1949, the Territory and the Territory of Papua were established in an administrative union by the name of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. That administrative union was renamed as Papua New Guinea in 1971. Notwithstanding that it was part of an administrative union, the Territory of New Guinea at all times retained a distinct legal status and identity until the advent of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. The initial Australian mandate was based on the previous German New Guinea, which had been captured and occupied by Australian forces during World War I. Most of the Territory of New Guinea was occupied by Japan during World War II, between 1942 and 1945. During this time, Rabaul, on the island of New Britain, became a major Japanese base (see New Guinea campaign). After World War II, the territories of Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union under the Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act (1945–46).

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The Age

The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.

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The Herald (Adelaide)

The Herald was a weekly trade union magazine published in Adelaide, South Australia between 1894 and March 1910; for the first four years titled The Weekly Herald.

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This Day Tonight

This Day Tonight (TDT) was an Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) evening current affairs program from 1967 to 1978.

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Tom Barker (trade unionist)

Tom Barker (3 June 1887 – 2 April 1970) was a New Zealand tram conductor, trade unionist and socialist.

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Victorian Socialist Party

The Victorian Socialist Party (VSP) was a socialist political party in the Australian state of Victoria during the early 20th century, the first explicitly Marxist party in Australia.

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Vida Goldstein

Vida Jane Mary Goldstein (13 April 186915 August 1949) was an Australian suffragette and social reformer.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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War Precautions Act 1914

The War Precautions Act 1914 was an Act of the Parliament of Australia which gave the Government of Australia special powers for the duration of World War I and for six months afterwards.

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William Holman

William Arthur Holman (4 August 1871 – 5 June 1934) was the second Australian Labor Party Premier of New South Wales, Australia.

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William White (conscientious objector)

William "Bill" White was a Sydney school teacher during the Vietnam War.

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Women's Peace Army

Formed in Melbourne, Australia in 1915, the Women’s Peace Army was an Australian anti-war socialist movement that sought to mobilise and unite women, regardless of political or religious beliefs, in their opposition to war.

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11th Brigade (Australia)

The 11th Brigade is an Australian Army brigade which currently comprises most Australian Army Reserve units located in Queensland.

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Redirects here:

Australian Conscription, Conscription in Australia (World War I), Conscription in australia, National Service (Australia), National service in Australia.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conscription_in_Australia

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