213 relations: Aaron Chorin, Aaron Wise, Abraham Geiger, Abraham Joshua Heschel, Abraham Kohn, Abraham Skorka, Acculturation, Acharonim, Adolf Jellinek, Aggadah, Agunah, Alan Silverstein, Alexander Kohut, American Jewish University, Amy Eilberg, Arba'ah Turim, Argentina, Arnold Eisen, Asher ben Jehiel, Azriel Hildesheimer, Bar and Bat Mitzvah, Ben-Zion Bokser, Benjamin Hirsch Auerbach, Benjamin Szold, Bernard Drachman, Beth Israel Congregation of Chester County, Biblical criticism, Binyamin Lau, Boaz Cohen, Braunschweig, Brazil, Bride price, Budapest University of Jewish Studies, Buenos Aires, Camp Ramah, Cantors Assembly, Chaim Potok, Chalav Yisrael, Charles Liebman, Chavurah, Chazal, Chicago, Chile, Christian mortalism, Committee on Jewish Law and Standards, Conservadox, Conservatism, Conservative Judaism (journal), Conservative Yeshiva, Counting of the Omer, ..., Cyrus Adler, Daniel Gordis, Daniel J. Elazar, David Golinkin, David Weiss Halivni, Day school, Dresden, Edward S. Shapiro, Electrical network, Elliot N. Dorff, Erusin, Eruv, Frankfurt, Franz Rosenzweig, Frederick de Sola Mendes, Gathering of Israel, Gordon Tucker, Granular cheese, Halakha, Hamburg Temple disputes, Harold Kushner, Hasid (term), Hayim David HaLevi, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Heinrich Graetz, Henry Pereira Mendes, Hirsch Bär Fassel, Historical criticism, Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums, Incandescent light bulb, Isaac Bernays, Isaac Hirsch Weiss, Isaac Klein, Isaac Mayer Wise, Isaac Noah Mannheimer, Ismar Schorsch, It is time to work for the Lord, Jack Wertheimer, Jacob B. Agus, Jacob Ettlinger, Jacob Schiff, Jerusalem, Jewish emancipation, Jewish existentialism, Jewish history, Jewish religious movements, Jewish Review of Books, Jewish studies, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau, Jewish views on marriage, Jews as the chosen people, Joel Roth, Jonathan Wittenberg, Joseph Karo, Judaism as a Civilization, Judith Hauptman, Judith R. Baskin, Jules Harlow, Julie Schonfeld, Kabbalah, Kashrut, Kaufmann Kohler, Ketubah, Kiddush, Kingdom of Saxony, Kohen, Korban, Latin America, Law given to Moses at Sinai, Leadership Council of Conservative Judaism, Leopold Löw, Linda Joy Holtzman, List of Tosafists, Loans and interest in Judaism, Louis Finkelstein, Louis Ginzberg, Louis Jacobs, Mamzer, Manuel Joël, Marcus Jastrow, Marshall Meyer, Marshall Sklare, Masorti Olami, Meir Friedmann, Messiah in Judaism, Michael Sachs, Minhag, Minyan, Mishnah, Mishneh Torah, Mordecai Kaplan, Mordecai Waxman, Moritz Güdemann, Moses, Moses Isserles, Naturalism (philosophy), Neil Gillman, Neolog Judaism, North America, Objectivity (philosophy), Oral Torah, Orthodox Union, Personal god, Pew Research Center, Pittsburgh Platform, Posek, Prague, Prohibition in the United States, Prozbul, Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary, Rabbinic literature, Rabbinical Assembly, Rabbinical Council of America, Reconstructionist Judaism, Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, Reform Judaism, Rennet, Resurrection of the dead, Revelation, Rishonim, Robert Gordis, Sabato Morais, Sabbath, Samson Raphael Hirsch, Samuel Holdheim, Sanhedrin, Saul Lieberman, Schechter Day School Network, Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies, Seminario Rabinico Latinoamericano, Sephardi Jews, Seymour Siegel, Shmita, Shulchan Aruch, Solomon Judah Loeb Rapoport, Solomon Klein, Solomon Schechter, Steven M. Cohen, Suburb, Tabernacle, Takkanah, Tefillin, Theism, Third Temple, Torah im Derech Eretz, Trefa Banquet, Union for Reform Judaism, Union for Traditional Judaism, Union of Orthodox Rabbis, United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, United Synagogue Youth, Vienna, Wiley-Blackwell, Wissenschaft des Judentums, World Union for Progressive Judaism, Wrocław, Yeshiva, Yiddish, Yizhar Hess, Yom tov sheni shel galuyot, Zecharias Frankel, Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies. Expand index (163 more) » « Shrink index
Aaron Chorin (אהרן חארין; August 3, 1766August 24, 1844) was a Hungarian rabbi and pioneer of early religious reform.
Aaron Wise (May 2, 1844 – March 30, 1896) was an American rabbi.
Abraham Geiger (24 May 181023 October 1874) was a German rabbi and scholar, considered the founding father of Reform Judaism.
Abraham Joshua Heschel (January 11, 1907 – December 23, 1972) was a Polish-born American rabbi and one of the leading Jewish theologians and Jewish philosophers of the 20th century.
Abraham Kohn (June 13, 1806 in Zalužany, Bohemia – September 7, 1848 at Lemberg, Galicia) was the liberal Chief Rabbi of Lemberg, and was poisoned to death.
Abraham Skorka (born July 5, 1950, in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine biophysicist, rabbi and book author.
Acculturation is the process of social, psychological, and cultural change that stems from blending between cultures.
Acharonim (אחרונים Aḥaronim; sing., Aḥaron; lit. "last ones") is a term used in Jewish law and history, to signify the leading rabbis and poskim (Jewish legal decisors) living from roughly the 16th century to the present, and more specifically since the writing of the Shulchan Aruch (Hebrew:, "Set Table", a code of Jewish law) in 1563 CE.
Adolf Jellinek (אהרן ילינק Aharon Jelinek; 26 June 1821 in Drslavice, nearby Uherské Hradiště, Habsburg Moravia (now Czech Republic)28 December 1893 in Vienna) was an Austrian rabbi and scholar.
Aggadah (Aramaic אַגָּדָה: "tales, lore"; pl. aggadot or (Ashkenazi) aggados; also known as aggad or aggadh or agâdâ) refers to non-legalistic exegetical texts in the classical rabbinic literature of Judaism, particularly as recorded in the Talmud and Midrash.
Agunah (עגונה, plural: agunot (עגונות); literally "anchored" or "chained") is a halakhic term for a Jewish woman who is "chained" to her marriage.
Alan Silverstein is an American Conservative rabbi and the spiritual leader of Congregation Agudath Israel since 1979.
Alexander (Chanoch Yehuda) Kohut (April 22, 1842 – May 25, 1894) was a rabbi and orientalist.
The American Jewish University, formerly the separate institutions University of Judaism and Brandeis-Bardin Institute, is a Jewish institution in Los Angeles, California.
Amy Eilberg (born October 12, 1954) is the first female rabbi ordained in Conservative Judaism.
Arba'ah Turim (אַרְבָּעָה טוּרִים), often called simply the Tur, is an important Halakhic code composed by Jacob ben Asher (Cologne, 1270 – Toledo, Spain c. 1340, also referred to as Ba'al Ha-Turim).
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Arnold M. Eisen, Ph.D. (born 1951) is an American Judaic scholar who is Chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York.
Asher ben Jehiel (אשר בן יחיאל, or Asher ben Yechiel, sometimes Asheri) (1250 or 1259 – 1327) was an eminent rabbi and Talmudist best known for his abstract of Talmudic law.
Azriel Hildesheimer (also Esriel and Israel, עזריאל הילדעסהיימער; 11 May 1820 – 12 July 1899) was a German rabbi and leader of Orthodox Judaism.
Bar Mitzvah (בַּר מִצְוָה) is a Jewish coming of age ritual for boys.
Ben-Zion Bokser (July 4, 1907 – 1984) was one of the major Conservative rabbis of the United States.
Benjamin Hirsch Auerbach (1808 – September 30, 1872) was a German rabbi and one of the most prominent leaders of modern Orthodox Judaism.
Benjamin Szold (November 15, 1829 in Zemianske Sady, Kingdom of Hungary, (now Slovakia) – July 31, 1902 in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia) was an American rabbi and scholar.
Beth Israel Congregation is a Conservative synagogue located at 385 Pottstown Pike (Route 100) in Upper Uwchlan Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania.
Biblical criticism is a philosophical and methodological approach to studying the Bible, using neutral non-sectarian judgment, that grew out of the scientific thinking of the Age of Reason (1700–1789).
Binyamin Tzvi (Benny) Lau, (born October 20, 1961, Tel Aviv) is an Israeli Orthodox rabbi, community leader, activist, author, and public speaker who lives in Jerusalem.
Boaz Cohen (1899–1968) was a leading American scholar of Talmud, a legal decisor (posek), and a professor at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.
Braunschweig (Low German: Brunswiek), also called Brunswick in English, is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, north of the Harz mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker river which connects it to the North Sea via the Aller and Weser rivers.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married or is just about to marry.
The Budapest University of Jewish Studies (Országos Rabbiképző – Zsidó Egyetem, or Országos Rabbiképző Intézet / Jewish Theological Seminary – University of Jewish Studies / Landesrabbinerschule in Budapest) is a university in Budapest, Hungary.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Camp Ramah (מחנה רמה Machaneh Ramah) is a network of Jewish summer camps affiliated with the Conservative Movement.
Cantors Assembly (CA) is the international association of hazzanim (cantors) affiliated with Conservative Judaism.
Chaim Potok (February 17, 1929 – July 23, 2002) was an American Jewish author and rabbi.
Chalav Yisrael (חלב ישראל), common Ashkenazi pronunciation Cholov Yisroel, is a Halachic term which refers to all dairy products, including cheese and non-fat dry milk powder, which derive from milk that has been milked under the supervision of a religiously observant Jew.
Charles S. Liebman (Hebrew: ישעיהו ליבמן) (New York City October 20, 1934 – September 3, 2003) was a political scientist and prolific author on Jewish life and Israel.
A chavurah or havurah (חבורה Hebrew: "fellowship", plural chavurot) is a small group of like-minded Jews who assemble for the purposes of facilitating Shabbat and holiday prayer services, sharing communal experiences such as lifecycle events, or Jewish learning.
Chazal or Ḥazal (חז"ל), an acronym for the Hebrew "Ḥakhameinu Zikhram Liv'rakha" ("Our Sages, may their memory be blessed"), refers to all Jewish sages of the Mishna, Tosefta and Talmud eras, spanning from the times of the final 300 years of the Second Temple of Jerusalem until the 6th century CE, or 250 BCE – 625 CE.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Christian mortalism incorporates the belief that the human soul is not naturally immortal;.
The Committee on Jewish Law and Standards is the central authority on halakha (Jewish law and tradition) within Conservative Judaism; it is one of the most active and widely known committees on the Conservative movement's Rabbinical Assembly.
Conservadox is the term occasionally applied to describe either individuals or congregations located on the religious continuum somewhere between the Conservative and Modern Orthodox wings of American Jewry.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Conservative Judaism was a peer-reviewed scholarly journal published by the Rabbinical Assembly and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America from 1945 until 2014.
The Conservative Yeshiva is a co-educational institute for study of traditional Jewish texts in Jerusalem, Israel.
Counting of the Omer (Sefirat HaOmer, sometimes abbreviated as Sefira or the Omer) is an important verbal counting of each of the forty-nine days between the Jewish holidays of Passover and Shavuot as stated in the Hebrew Bible:.
Cyrus Adler (September 13, 1863 – April 7, 1940) was an American educator, Jewish religious leader and scholar.
Daniel Gordis (born 1959) is an American-born Israeli author and speaker, whom the listed as one of the fifty most influential Jews in the world.
Daniel Judah Elazar (August 25, 1934 – December 2, 1999) was a professor of political science at Bar-Ilan University (Israel) and Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Rabbi David Golinkin (born 1955) is President of The Schechter Institutes, Inc.
David Weiss Halivni (דוד וייס הלבני) (born 1927) is a European-born American-Israeli rabbi, scholar in the domain of Jewish Sciences and professor of Talmud.
A day school—as opposed to a boarding school—is an educational institution where children (or high school age adolescents) are given instruction during the day, after which the students return to their homes.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Edward S. Shapiro (born 1938) is a historian of American history and American Jewish History.
An electrical network is an interconnection of electrical components (e.g. batteries, resistors, inductors, capacitors, switches) or a model of such an interconnection, consisting of electrical elements (e.g. voltage sources, current sources, resistances, inductances, capacitances).
Elliot N. Dorff (born 24 June 1943) is an American Conservative rabbi.
Erusin is the Hebrew term for betrothal.
An eruv (עירוב, "mixture", also transliterated as eiruv or erub, plural: eruvin) is a ritual enclosure that some Jewish communities, and especially Orthodox Jewish communities, construct in their neighborhoods as a way to permit Jewish residents or visitors to carry certain objects outside their own homes on Sabbath and Yom Kippur.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Franz Rosenzweig (December 25, 1886 – December 10, 1929) was a German Jewish theologian, philosopher, and translator.
Frederick de Sola Mendes (Montego Bay, Jamaica, West Indies, July 8, 1850—1927) was a rabbi, author, and editor.
The Gathering of Israel (קיבוץ גלויות, Kibbutz Galuyot (Biblical: Qibbuṣ Galuyoth), lit. Ingathering of the Exiles, also known as Ingathering of the Jewish diaspora) is the biblical promise of given by Moses to the people of Israel prior to their entrance into the Land of Israel (Eretz Yisrael).
Gordon Tucker is a prominent rabbi, with a reputation as both a political and a theological liberal in Conservative Judaism.
Granular cheese, also known as stirred curd cheese and hard cheese, is a type of cheese produced by repeatedly stirring and draining a mixture of curd and whey.
Halakha (הֲלָכָה,; also transliterated as halacha, halakhah, halachah or halocho) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral Torah.
The Hamburg Temple disputes (Hamburger Tempelstreite) were the two controversies which erupted around the Israelite Temple in Hamburg, the first permanent Reform synagogue, which elicited fierce protests from Orthodox rabbis.
Rabbi Harold Samuel Kushner is a prominent American rabbi aligned with the progressive wing of Conservative Judaism, and a popular author.
Hasid (חסיד, "pious"; plural "Hasidim", חסידים) is a Jewish honorific, frequently used as a term of exceptional respect in the Talmudic and early medieval periods.
Rabbi Hayim David HaLevi (24 January 1924 – 10 March 1998), also written Haim David ha-Levi, etc.
The Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (also known as HUC, HUC-JIR, and The College-Institute) is a Jewish seminary with several locations in the United States and one location in Jerusalem.
Heinrich Graetz (31 October 1817 – 7 September 1891) was amongst the first historians to write a comprehensive history of the Jewish people from a Jewish perspective.
Henry Pereira Mendes (13 April 1852 – 21 October 1937), was an American rabbi who was born in Birmingham, England and died in New York City.
Hirsch Bär Fassel (1802-1883) (also known as Hirsch Baer Fassel or Hirsch B. Fassel) was an influential rabbi and philosopher.
Historical criticism, also known as the historical-critical method or higher criticism, is a branch of criticism that investigates the origins of ancient texts in order to understand "the world behind the text".
Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums, or Higher Institute for Jewish Studies, was a rabbinical seminary, established in Berlin in 1872 and closed down by the Nazi government of Germany in 1942.
An incandescent light bulb, incandescent lamp or incandescent light globe is an electric light with a wire filament heated to such a high temperature that it glows with visible light (incandescence).
Isaac Bernays Isaac Bernays (29 September 1792, Weisenau – 1 May 1849, Hamburg) was chief rabbi in Hamburg.
Isaac (Isaak) Hirsch Weiss, also Eisik Hirsch Weiss (February 9, 1815 – June 1, 1905), was an Austrian Talmudist and historian of literature born at Groß Meseritsch, Habsburg Moravia.
Isaac Klein (September 5, 1905 – 1979) was a prominent rabbi and halakhic authority within Conservative Judaism.
Isaac Mayer Wise (29 March 1819, Steingrub (now Lomnička), Moravia, Austrian Empire – 26 March 1900, Cincinnati), was an American Reform rabbi, editor, and author.
Isaac Noah Mannheimer (October 17, 1793, Copenhagen – March 17, 1865, Vienna) was a Jewish preacher.
Ismar Schorsch (born November 3, 1935 in Hanover) is the Chancellor emeritus of The Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS) and the Rabbi Herman Abramovitz Professor of Jewish history.
"It is time to work for the Lord" is the first half of a verse in Psalms that has served as a dramatic slogan at several junctures in rabbinic Judaism.
Jack Wertheimer is a Professor of American Jewish History at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, the flagship yeshiva of Conservative Judaism.
Jacob B. Agus (November 8, 1911 – September 26, 1986) was a Polish American liberal Conservative rabbi and theologian who played a key role in the Conservative Rabbinical Assembly.
Jacob Ettlinger (17 March 1798 – 7 December 1871) (יעקב עטלינגר) was a German rabbi and author, and one of the leaders of Orthodox Judaism.
Jacob Henry Schiff (born Jakob Heinrich Schiff; January 10, 1847 – September 25, 1920) was a Jewish-American banker, businessman, and philanthropist.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jewish emancipation was the external (and internal) process in various nations in Europe of eliminating Jewish disabilities, e.g. Jewish quotas, to which Jewish people were then subject, and the recognition of Jews as entitled to equality and citizenship rights on a communal, not merely individual, basis.
Jewish existentialism is a category of work by Jewish authors dealing with existentialist themes and concepts (e.g. debate about the existence of God and the meaning of human existence), and intended to answer theological questions that are important in Judaism.
Jewish history is the history of the Jews, and their religion and culture, as it developed and interacted with other peoples, religions and cultures.
Jewish religious movements, sometimes called "denominations" or "branches", include different groups which have developed among Jews from ancient times.
The Jewish Review of Books is a quarterly magazine with articles on literature, culture and current affairs from a Jewish perspective.
Jewish studies (or Judaic studies) is an academic discipline centered on the study of Jews and Judaism.
The Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS) is a religious education organization located in New York, New York.
Das Jüdisch-Theologische Seminar (Fränckelsche Stiftung), The Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau was an institution in Breslau for the training of rabbis, founded under the will of Jonas Fränckel, and opened in 1854.
In traditional Judaism, marriage is viewed as a contractual bond commanded by God in which a man and a woman come together to create a relationship in which God is directly involved.
In Judaism, "chosenness" is the belief that the Jews, via descent from the ancient Israelites, are the chosen people, i.e. chosen to be in a covenant with God.
Joel Roth is a prominent American rabbi in the Rabbinical Assembly, which is the rabbinical body of Conservative Judaism.
Rabbi Jonathan Wittenberg (born 17 September 1957 in Glasgow, Scotland) is a Masorti rabbi, the Senior Rabbi of Masorti Judaism UK.
Joseph ben Ephraim Karo, also spelled Yosef Caro, or Qaro (1488 – March 24, 1575, 13 Nisan 5335 A.M.), was author of the last great codification of Jewish law, the Shulchan Aruch, which is still authoritative for all Jews pertaining to their respective communities.
Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life is a 1934 work on Judaism and American Jewish life by Rabbi Mordecai M. Kaplan, the founder of Reconstructionist Judaism.
Judith Rebecca Hauptman (born 1943) is a Jewish feminist Talmudic scholar.
Judith R. Baskin (born 1950) is a religious studies scholar at the University of Oregon in the United States.
Jules Harlow (born June 28, 1931) is a Conservative Jewish rabbi and liturgist; son of Henry and Lena Lipman Harlow.
Julie Schonfeld is the first female rabbi to serve in the chief executive position of an American rabbinical association, having been named the executive vice president of the Conservative movement's Rabbinical Assembly (RA) in 2008 and later Chief Executive Officer of the RA.
Kabbalah (קַבָּלָה, literally "parallel/corresponding," or "received tradition") is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
Kaufmann Kohler (May 10, 1843 – January 28, 1926) was a German-born U.S. reform rabbi and theologian.
A ketubah (pl. ketubot) is a special type of Jewish prenuptial agreement.
Kiddush (קידוש), literally, "sanctification," is a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Shabbat and Jewish holidays.
The Kingdom of Saxony (Königreich Sachsen), lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany.
Kohen or cohen (or kohein; כֹּהֵן kohén, "priest", pl. kohaním, "priests") is the Hebrew word for "priest" used colloquially in reference to the Aaronic priesthood.
In Judaism, the korban (קָרְבָּן qārbān), also spelled qorban or corban, is any of a variety of sacrificial offerings described and commanded in the Torah.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
A Law given to Moses at Sinai (Hebrew Halakhah le-Moshe mi-Sinai הלכה למשה מסיני) refers to a halakhic law that is neither explicitly stated in the biblical laws nor derived from it by Talmudical hermeneutics but known from the Jewish tradition.
The Leadership Council of Conservative Judaism, also known as the LCCJ, is a council made up of members of the various arms of the Conservative movement, a formal movement within the Jewish denomination of Conservative Judaism.
Judah Leib "Leopold" Löw (יהודה לייב לעף, Lőw Lipót; 22 May 1811 – 13 October 1875) was a Hungarian rabbi, regarded as the most important figure of Neolog Judaism.
Linda Joy Holtzman is an American rabbi and author.
Tosafists were medieval rabbis from France and Germany who are among those known in Talmudical scholarship as Rishonim (there were Rishonim in Spain also) who created critical and explanatory glosses (questions, notes, interpretations, rulings and sources) on the Talmud.
The subject of loans and interest in Judaism has a long and complex history.
Louis Finkelstein (June 14, 1895 in Cincinnati, Ohio – 29 November 1991) was a Talmud scholar, an expert in Jewish law, and a leader of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTS) and Conservative Judaism.
Rabbi Louis Ginzberg (לוי גינצבורג, Levy Gintzburg, November 28, 1873 – November 11, 1953) was a Talmudist and leading figure in the Conservative Movement of Judaism of the twentieth century.
Louis Jacobs CBE (17 July 1920 – 1 July 2006) was the founder of Masorti (Conservative) Judaism in the United Kingdom, and a leading writer and theologian.
A mamzer (ממזר) is a person born from certain forbidden relationships, or the descendant of such a person, in the Hebrew Bible and Jewish religious law.
Manuel Joël (or Joel; October 19, 1826 – November 3, 1890) was a German Jewish philosopher and preacher.
Marcus Jastrow (June 5, 1829, Rogoźno – October 13, 1903) was a Polish born American Talmudic scholar, most famously known for his authorship of the popular and comprehensive A Dictionary of the Targumim, Talmud Babli, Talmud Yerushalmi and Midrashic Literature.
Rabbi Marshall T. Meyer (March 25, 1930 – December 29, 1993) was an American Conservative rabbi who became a recognized international human rights activist while living and working in Argentina from 1958 to 1984, during the period of the "Dirty War" in the 1970s.
Marshall Sklare (1921 – 1992) was an American sociologist whose work focused on American Jews and the American Jewish Community.
Masorti Olami (also known as The World Council of Conservative/Masorti Synagogues) builds, renews and strengthens Jewish life throughout the world, with efforts that focus on existing and developing communities in Europe, Latin America, the Former Soviet Union, Africa, Asia and Australia.
Meir (Ish Shalom) Friedmann (July 10, 1831, at Kraszna (Kružná), district of Kashau (Košice Region), Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire – 1908, at Vienna, Austria-Hungary) was an Austrian-Hungarian Jewish scholar.
The messiah in Judaism is a savior and liberator of the Jewish people.
Michael Sachs (3 September 1808 – 31 January 1864) was a German rabbi from Groß-Glogau, Silesia.
Minhag (מנהג "custom", pl. מנהגים, minhagim) is an accepted tradition or group of traditions in Judaism.
In Judaism, a minyan (מִנְיָן lit. noun count, number; pl. minyanim) is the quorum of ten Jewish adults required for certain religious obligations.
The Mishnah or Mishna (מִשְׁנָה, "study by repetition", from the verb shanah, or "to study and review", also "secondary") is the first major written collection of the Jewish oral traditions known as the "Oral Torah".
The Mishneh Torah (מִשְׁנֵה תּוֹרָה, "Repetition of the Torah"), subtitled Sefer Yad ha-Hazaka (ספר יד החזקה "Book of the Strong Hand"), is a code of Jewish religious law (Halakha) authored by Maimonides (Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, also known as RaMBaM or "Rambam").
Mordecai Menahem Kaplan (June 11, 1881 – November 8, 1983), was a rabbi, essayist and Jewish educator and the co-founder of Reconstructionist Judaism along with his son-in-law Ira Eisenstein.
Mordecai Waxman, KCSG (February 25, 1917, in Albany – August 10, 2002, in Great Neck, New York), was a prominent rabbi in the Conservative Jewish movement for nearly 60 years.
Moritz Güdemann (משה גידמן; 19 February 1835 – 5 August 1918) was an Austrian rabbi and historian.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
Moses Isserles (משה בן ישראל איסרלישׂ, Mojżesz ben Israel Isserles) (February 22, 1530 / Adar I, 5290 – May 11, 1572 / Iyar), was an eminent Polish Ashkenazic rabbi, talmudist, and posek.
In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only natural (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual) laws and forces operate in the world." Adherents of naturalism (i.e., naturalists) assert that natural laws are the rules that govern the structure and behavior of the natural universe, that the changing universe at every stage is a product of these laws.
Neil Gillman (September 11, 1933 – November 24, 2017) was a Canadian-American rabbi and philosopher affiliated with Conservative Judaism.
Neologs (neológ irányzat, "Neolog Faction") are one of the two large communal organizations among Hungarian Jewry.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Objectivity is a central philosophical concept, objective means being independent of the perceptions thus objectivity means the property of being independent from the perceptions, which has been variously defined by sources.
According to Rabbinic Judaism, the Oral Torah or Oral Law (lit. "Torah that is on the mouth") represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses, the "Written Torah" (lit. "Torah that is in writing"), but nonetheless are regarded by Orthodox Jews as prescriptive and co-given.
The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America (UOJCA), more popularly known as the Orthodox Union (OU), is one of the oldest Orthodox Jewish organizations in the United States.
A personal god is a deity who can be related to as a person instead of as an impersonal force, such as the Absolute, "the All", or the "Ground of Being".
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
The Pittsburgh Platform is a pivotal 1885 document in the history of the American Reform Movement in Judaism that called for Jews to adopt a modern approach to the practice of their faith.
Posek (פוסק, pl. Poskim) is the term in Jewish law for "decisor"—a legal scholar who decides the Halakha in cases of law where previous authorities are inconclusive or in those situations where no halakhic precedent exists.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
The Prozbul (פרוזבול of Greek origin; i.e. προσβολή) was established in the waning years of the Second Temple of Jerusalem by Hillel the Elder.
Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary, founded in 1896, is the rabbinical seminary of Yeshiva University.
Rabbinic literature, in its broadest sense, can mean the entire spectrum of rabbinic writings throughout Jewish history.
The Rabbinical Assembly (RA) is the international association of Conservative rabbis.
The Rabbinical Council of America (RCA) is one of the world's largest organizations of Orthodox rabbis; it is affiliated with The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America, more commonly known as the Orthodox Union (OU).
Reconstructionist Judaism is a modern Jewish movement that views Judaism as a progressively evolving civilization and is based on the conceptions developed by Mordecai Kaplan (1881–1983).
The Reconstructionist Rabbinical College (RRC), is located in Wyncote, Pennsylvania, about 10 miles (16 km) north of central Philadelphia.
Reform Judaism (also known as Liberal Judaism or Progressive Judaism) is a major Jewish denomination that emphasizes the evolving nature of the faith, the superiority of its ethical aspects to the ceremonial ones, and a belief in a continuous revelation not centered on the theophany at Mount Sinai.
Rennet is a complex set of enzymes produced in the stomachs of ruminant mammals.
Resurrection of the dead, or resurrection from the dead (Koine: ἀνάστασις νεκρῶν, anastasis nekron; literally: "standing up again of the dead"; is a term frequently used in the New Testament and in the writings and doctrine and theology in other religions to describe an event by which a person, or people are resurrected (brought back to life). In the New Testament of the Christian Bible, the three common usages for this term pertain to (1) the Christ, rising from the dead; (2) the rising from the dead of all men, at the end of this present age and (3) the resurrection of certain ones in history, who were restored to life. Predominantly in Christian eschatology, the term is used to support the belief that the dead will be brought back to life in connection with end times. Various other forms of this concept can also be found in other eschatologies, namely: Islamic, Jewish and Zoroastrian eschatology. In some Neopagan views, this refers to reincarnation between the three realms: Life, Death, and the Realm of the Divine; e.g.: Christopaganism. See Christianity and Neopaganism.
In religion and theology, revelation is the revealing or disclosing of some form of truth or knowledge through communication with a deity or other supernatural entity or entities.
Rishonim (ראשונים; sing. ראשון, Rishon, "the first ones") were the leading rabbis and poskim who lived approximately during the 11th to 15th centuries, in the era before the writing of the Shulchan Aruch (Hebrew: שׁוּלחָן עָרוּך, "Set Table", a common printed code of Jewish law, 1563 CE) and following the Geonim (589-1038 CE).
Robert Gordis (February 6, 1908 – 1992) was an American leading Conservative rabbi.
Sabato Morais (שבתאי מוראיס; April 13, 1823 – November 11, 1897) was an Italian-American rabbi, leader of Mikveh Israel Synagogue, pioneer of Italian Jewish Studies in America, and founder of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York City.
Sabbath is a day set aside for rest and worship.
Samson Raphael Hirsch (June 20, 1808 – December 31, 1888) was a German Orthodox rabbi best known as the intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism.
Samuel Holdheim (1806 – 22 August 1860) was a German rabbi and author, and one of the more extreme leaders of the early Reform Movement in Judaism.
The Sanhedrin (Hebrew and Jewish Palestinian Aramaic: סנהדרין; Greek: Συνέδριον, synedrion, "sitting together," hence "assembly" or "council") was an assembly of twenty-three or seventy-one rabbis appointed to sit as a tribunal in every city in the ancient Land of Israel.
Saul Lieberman (Hebrew: שאול ליברמן, May 28, 1898 – March 23, 1983), also known as Rabbi Shaul Lieberman or, among some of his students, The Gra"sh (Gaon Rabbeinu Shaul), was an Israeli rabbi and a scholar of Talmud.
The Schechter Day School Network, formerly the Solomon Schechter Day School Association, located at 820 Second Avenue, New York, New York, is the organization of Jewish day schools that identify with Conservative Judaism.
Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies, (מכון שכטר למדעי היהדות, Machon Schechter) located in Jerusalem, Israel, is an academic institution affiliated with Conservative Judaism.
Seminario Rabínico Latinoamericano (Latin American Rabbinical Seminary, also known as the Marshall T. Meyer Latin American Rabbinical Seminary) is a Jewish religious, cultural, and academic center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, whose primary purpose is to educate and ordain rabbis from Latin America who will help to strengthen and sustain Jewish communities throughout the region.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.
Seymour Siegel (September 12, 1927 - February 24, 1988), often referred to as "an architect of Conservative Jewish theology," was an American Conservative rabbi, a Professor of Ethics and Theology at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JTS), the 1983-1984 Executive Director of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council,"Ari L. Goldman, "Rabbi Seymour Siegel, 61, Leader In Conservative Judaism, Is Dead," The New York Times, Feb 25, 1988.
The sabbath year (shmita שמיטה, literally "release") also called the sabbatical year or shǝvi'it (literally "seventh") is the seventh year of the seven-year agricultural cycle mandated by the Torah for the Land of Israel, and still observed in contemporary Judaism.
The Shulchan Aruch (שֻׁלְחָן עָרוּך, literally: "Set Table"), sometimes dubbed in English as the Code of Jewish Law, is the most widely consulted of the various legal codes in Judaism.
Solomon Judah Löb HaKohen Rapoport (June 1, 1786 – October 15, 1867) (Hebrew: שלמה יהודה כהן רפאפורט), was a Galician rabbi and Jewish scholar.
Solomon Klein (October 14, 1814 – November 10, 1867), was a French rabbi.
Solomon Schechter (שניאור זלמן הכהן שכטר‎; 7 December 1847 – 19 November 1915) was a Moldavian-born American rabbi, academic scholar and educator, most famous for his roles as founder and President of the United Synagogue of America, President of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, and architect of American Conservative Judaism.
Steven M. Cohen (born April 3, 1950) is an American sociologist whose work focuses on the American Jewish Community.
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.
The Tabernacle (מִשְׁכַּן, mishkan, "residence" or "dwelling place"), according to the Tanakh, was the portable earthly dwelling place of God amongst the children of Israel from the time of the Exodus from Egypt through the conquering of the land of Canaan.
A takkanah (plural takkanot) is a major legislative enactment within halakha (Jewish law), the normative system of Judaism's laws.
Tefillin (Askhenazic:; Israeli Hebrew:, תפילין), also called phylacteries, are a set of small black leather boxes containing scrolls of parchment inscribed with verses from the Torah.
Theism is broadly defined as the belief in the existence of the Supreme Being or deities.
If built, the Third Temple (בית המקדש השלישי, Beit haMikdash haShlishi, literally: The House, the Holy, the Third) would be the third Jewish temple in Jerusalem after Solomon's Temple and the rebuilt Second Temple.
Torah im Derech Eretz (תורה עם דרך ארץ – Torah with "the way of the land"Rabbi Y. Goldson, Aish HaTorah) is a philosophy of Orthodox Judaism articulated by Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch (1808–88), which formalizes a relationship between traditionally observant Judaism and the modern world.
The "Trefa Banquet" was a dinner held on July 11, 1883 in Cincinnati, Ohio.
The Union for Reform Judaism (until 2003: Union of American Hebrew Congregations), is the congregational arm of Reform Judaism in North America, founded in 1873 by Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise.
The Union for Traditional Judaism, founded in 1984, is a traditional, Halakhic Jewish outreach and communal service organization.
The Union of Orthodox Rabbis of the United States and Canada (UOR), often called by its Hebrew name, Agudath Harabonim or Agudas Harrabonim ("union of rabbis"), was established in 1901 in the United States and is among the oldest organizations of Orthodox rabbis which could be described as having a Haredi worldview.
The United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism (USCJ) is the largest network of Conservative Jewish congregations in the world, united by a shared purpose to inspire current and future generations of Jews to seek meaning, find connection, and experience wholeness in a world that is complex and ever evolving.
United Synagogue Youth (USY) is the youth movement of USCJ (United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism).
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
"Wissenschaft des Judentums" ("Jewish Studies" or "Judaic Studies" in German) refers to a nineteenth-century movement premised on the critical investigation of Jewish literature and culture, including rabbinic literature, using scientific methods to analyze the origins of Jewish traditions.
The World Union for Progressive Judaism (WUPJ) is the international umbrella organization for the various branches of Reform, Liberal and Progressive Judaism, as well as the separate Reconstructionist Judaism.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Yeshiva (ישיבה, lit. "sitting"; pl., yeshivot or yeshivos) is a Jewish institution that focuses on the study of traditional religious texts, primarily the Talmud and the Torah.
Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
Yizhar Hess (born July 5, 1967) is the Executive Director and CEO of the Conservative Judaism movement in Israel, also known as Masorti.
Yom tov sheni shel galuyot (יום טוב שני של גלויות), also called in short yom tov sheni, means "the second festival day in the Diaspora", and is an important concept in halakha (Jewish law).
Zecharias Frankel, also known as Zacharias Frankel (30 September 1801 – 13 February 1875) was a Bohemian-German rabbi and a historian who studied the historical development of Judaism.
The Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies, informally known as the "Ziegler School" or simply "Ziegler", is the graduate program of study leading to Ordination as Conservative Rabbis at the American Jewish University (formerly known as the University of Judaism).