141 relations: Advertising, American Psycho, Anthropological theories of value, Anti-consumerism, Anti-globalization movement, Austrian School, Bernard Mandeville, Bourgeoisie, Brand, Capitalism, Car, Carl Menger, Christine Frederick, Circles of Sustainability, Coffee, Commercialism, Commodity fetishism, Community, Conspicuous consumption, Consumer Bill of Rights, Consumer capitalism, Consumer ethnocentrism, Consumer identity, Consumer Movement, Consumer protection, Consumption (economics), Cost the limit of price, Credit card, Cultural hegemony, Culture jamming, Delayed gratification, Demand, Department store, Designer clothing, Earnest Elmo Calkins, Ecoleasing, Ecological economics, Ecological Society of America, Economic materialism, Economics, Encyclopedia of the Consumer Movement, Entrepreneurship, Environmentally friendly, Epidemiology, Eudaimonia, Fight Club (novel), Financial crisis, Ford Motor Company, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Freedom of choice, ..., Freeganism, Frugality, Geoffrey Miller (psychologist), Georges Duhamel, Global warming, Globalization, Great Britain, Greed, Henry Ford, Herman Daly, Homo consumericus, Horace Kallen, Hyperconsumerism, Hypermobility (travel), Ideology, Industrial Revolution, Influence of mass media, Jewellery, John Bugas, Jonathon Porritt, Jorge Majfud, Josiah Wedgwood, Karl Marx, Keeping up with the Joneses, Life spans of home appliances, Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, Local food, Local purchasing, London, Luxury vehicle, Manfred Steger, Market economy, Mass production, Moonlight clan, Netocracy, New Scientist, Nicholas Barbon, One-Dimensional Man, Oswald Spengler, Overconsumption, Overproduction, Participatory culture, Philosophy of futility, Planetary boundaries, Planned obsolescence, Pope Benedict XVI, Post-materialism, Pottery, Princeton University Press, Principles of Economics (Menger), Producerism, Product placement, Product testing, Productivism, Prosumer, Restoration (England), Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, Scientific management, Sharing economy, Shopping mall, Simple living, Social justice, Social stratification, Society, Socioeconomic status, Spirituality, Status symbol, Steady-state economy, Strand, London, Sugar, Supply (economics), Sustainability, Tea, The Century of the Self, The Fable of the Bees, The Paradox of Choice, The Theory of the Leisure Class, The Waste Makers, They Live, Thorstein Veblen, Tim Jackson (economist), Tobacco, United States, University of British Columbia, University of Colorado Boulder, Vance Packard, Warren Hern, Western Europe, William E. Rees, World Affairs, 20th century. Expand index (91 more) » « Shrink index
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
American Psycho is a novel by Bret Easton Ellis, published in 1991.
Anthropological theories of value attempt to expand on the traditional theories of value used by economists or ethicists.
Anti-consumerism is a sociopolitical ideology that is opposed to consumerism, the continual buying and consuming of material possessions.
The anti-globalization movement, or counter-globalisation movement, is a social movement critical of economic globalization.
The Austrian School is a school of economic thought that is based on methodological individualism—the concept that social phenomena result from the motivations and actions of individuals.
Bernard Mandeville, or Bernard de Mandeville (15 November 1670 – 21 January 1733), was an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
A brand is a name, term, design, symbol, or other feature that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Carl Menger (February 23, 1840 – February 26, 1921) was an Austrian economist and the founder of the Austrian School of economics.
Christine Frederick (February 6, 1883 – April 6, 1970) was an American home economist and early 20th century exponent of Taylorism as applied to the domestic sphere.
Circles of Sustainability is a method for understanding and assessing sustainability, and for managing projects directed towards socially sustainable outcomes.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Commercialism is the application of both manufacturing and consumption towards personal usage, or the practices, methods, aims, and spirit of free enterprise geared toward generating profit.
In Karl Marx's critique of political economy, commodity fetishism is the perception of the social relationships involved in production, not as relationships among people, but as economic relationships among the money and commodities exchanged in market trade.
A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity.
Conspicuous consumption is the spending of money on and the acquiring of luxury goods and services to publicly display economic power—of the income or of the accumulated wealth of the buyer.
On March 15, 1962, President John F. Kennedy presented a speech to the United States Congress in which he extolled four basic consumer rights, later called the Consumer Bill of Rights.
Consumer capitalism is a theoretical economic and social political condition in which consumer demand is manipulated, in a deliberate and coordinated way, on a very large scale, through mass-marketing techniques, to the advantage of sellers.
Consumer ethnocentrism is derived from the more general psychological concept of ethnocentrism.
Consumer identity is the consumption pattern through which a consumer describes themselves.
The Consumer Movement is an effort to promote consumer protection through an organized social movement which is in many places led by consumer organizations.
In regulatory jurisdictions that provide for this (a list including most or all developed countries with free market economies) consumer protection is a group of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers, as well as fair trade, competition, and accurate information in the marketplace.
Consumption is the process in which consumers (customers or buyers) purchase items on the market.
Cost the limit of price was a maxim coined by Josiah Warren, indicating a (prescriptive) version of the labor theory of value.
A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.
In Marxist philosophy, cultural hegemony is the domination of a culturally diverse society by the ruling class who manipulate the culture of that society—the beliefs, explanations, perceptions, values, and mores—so that their imposed, ruling-class worldview becomes the accepted cultural norm; the universally valid dominant ideology, which justifies the social, political, and economic status quo as natural and inevitable, perpetual and beneficial for everyone, rather than as artificial social constructs that benefit only the ruling class.
Culture jamming (sometimes guerrilla communication) is a tactic used by many anti-consumerist social movements"Investigating the Anti-consumerism Movement in North America: The Case of Adbusters';" Binay, Ayse; (2005); dissertation, University of Texas to disrupt or subvert media culture and its mainstream cultural institutions, including corporate advertising.
Delayed gratification, or deferred gratification, describes the process that the subject undergoes when the subject resists the temptation of an immediate reward in preference for a later reward.
In economics, demand is the quantities of a commodity or a service that people are willing and able to buy at various prices, over a given period of time.
A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".
Designer clothing is clothing that bears the logo of a recognizable fashion designer.
Earnest Elmo Calkins (March 15, 1868 – October 4, 1964) was a deaf American advertising executive who pioneered the use of art in advertising, of fictional characters, the soft sell, and the idea of "consumer engineering".
Ecoleasing is a system in which goods (mainly from the technical cycle, i.e. appliances,...) are rented to a client for a certain period of time after which he returns the goods so the company that made it can recycle the materials.
Ecological economics (also called eco-economics, ecolonomy or bioeconomics of Georgescu-Roegen) is both a transdisciplinary and an interdisciplinary field of academic research addressing the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and natural ecosystems, both intertemporally and spatially.
The Ecological Society of America (ESA) is a professional organization of ecological scientists.
Materialism is a personal attitude which attaches importance to acquiring and consuming material goods.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The Encyclopedia of the Consumer Movement is a 1997 encyclopedia edited by Stephen Brobeck and which describes the history of the consumer movement and other topics related to consumerism.
Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.
Environmentally friendly or environment-friendly, (also referred to as eco-friendly, nature-friendly, and green) are sustainability and marketing terms referring to goods and services, laws, guidelines and policies that claim reduced, minimal, or no harm upon ecosystems or the environment.
Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
Eudaimonia (Greek: εὐδαιμονία), sometimes anglicized as eudaemonia or eudemonia, is a Greek word commonly translated as happiness or welfare; however, "human flourishing or prosperity" has been proposed as a more accurate translation.
Fight Club is a 1996 novel by Chuck Palahniuk.
A financial crisis is any of a broad variety of situations in which some financial assets suddenly lose a large part of their nominal value.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency.
Freedom of choice describes an individual's opportunity and autonomy to perform an action selected from at least two available options, unconstrained by external parties.
Freeganism is a practice and ideology of limited participation in the conventional economy and minimal consumption of resources, particularly through recovering wasted goods like food.
Frugality is the quality of being frugal, sparing, thrifty, prudent or economical in the consumption of consumable resources such as food, time or money, and avoiding waste, lavishness or extravagance.
Geoffrey F. Miller (born 1965 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American evolutionary psychologist, serving as an associate professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico and known for his expertise in sexual selection in human evolution, and for his views on the evolution through sexual selection of the human brain as sexual ornamentation.
Georges Duhamel (30 June 1884 – 13 April 1966) was a French author, born in Paris.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Greed, or avarice, is an inordinate or insatiable longing for unneeded excess, especially for excess wealth, status, power, or food.
Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
Herman Edward Daly (born July 21, 1938) is an American ecological and Georgist economist and emeritus professor at the School of Public Policy of University of Maryland, College Park in the United States.
Homo consumericus (mock Latin for consumerist person) is a neologism used in the social sciences, notably by Gad Saad in his book The Evolutionary Bases of Consumption and by Gilles Lipovetsky in Le Bonheur Paradoxal.
Horace Meyer Kallen (August 11, 1882 – February 16, 1974) was an American philosopher.
Hyperconsumerism, hyper-consumerism, hyperconsumption or hyper-consumption refer to the consumption of goods for non-functional purposes and the associated significant pressure to consume those goods exerted by the modern, capitalist society, as those goods shape one's identity.
Hypermobile travelers are "highly mobile individuals" who take "frequent trips, often over great distances." They "account for a large share of the overall kilometres travelled, especially by air." These people contribute significantly to the overall amount of airmiles flown within a given society.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
In media studies, media psychology, communication theory and sociology, media influence and media effects are topics relating to mass media and media culture effects on individual or audience thought, attitudes and behavior.
Jewellery (British English) or jewelry (American English)see American and British spelling differences consists of small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, and cufflinks.
John Stephen Bugas (April 26, 1908 – December 2, 1982), known as Jack Bugas, was the second in command at Ford Motor Company during the presidency and chairmanship reign of Henry Ford II (the oldest grandson of founder Henry Ford).
Jonathon Espie Porritt, CBE (born 6 July 1950) is a leading British environmentalist and writer.
Jorge Majfud (born 1969) is a Uruguayan American writer.
Josiah Wedgwood (12 July 1730 – 3 January 1795) was an English potter and entrepreneur.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Keeping up with the Joneses is an idiom in many parts of the English-speaking world referring to the comparison to one's neighbor as a benchmark for social class or the accumulation of material goods.
This page lists the average life spans of home appliances (major and small).
Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (1575 – 6 August 1645) was an English merchant and politician.
Local food (local food movement or locavore) is a movement of people who prefer to eat foods which are grown or farmed relatively close to the places of sale and preparation.
Local purchasing is a preference to buy locally produced goods and services over those produced farther away.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Luxury vehicle is a marketing term for a vehicle that provides luxury—pleasant or desirable features beyond strict necessity—at increased expense.
Manfred B. Steger (born 1961) is Professor at the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
Moonlight Clan, or Yue Guang Zu is a Chinese term used to describe a large group of people who expend their entire salary before the end of each month, especially young adult Chinese men.
Netocracy was a term invented by the editorial board of the American technology magazine ''Wired'' in the early 1990s.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
Nicholas Barbon (1640 – 1698) was an English economist, physician, and financial speculator.
One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society is a 1964 book by the philosopher Herbert Marcuse, in which the author offers a wide-ranging critique of both contemporary capitalism and the Communist society of the Soviet Union, documenting the parallel rise of new forms of social repression in both these societies, as well as the decline of revolutionary potential in the West.
Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler (29 May 1880 – 8 May 1936) was a German historian and philosopher of history whose interests included mathematics, science, and art.
Overconsumption is a situation where resource use has outpaced the sustainable capacity of the ecosystem.
In economics, overproduction, oversupply, excess of supply or glut refers to excess of supply over demand of products being offered to the market.
Participatory culture is an opposing concept to consumer culture — in other words a culture in which private individuals (the public) do not act as consumers only, but also as contributors or producers (prosumers).
Philosophy of futility is a phrase coined in 1928 by Columbia University marketing professor Paul Nystrom to describe an increasingly prevalent outlook which, he believed, induced a greater demand for fashionable products.
Planetary boundaries is a concept of nine Earth system processes which have boundaries proposed in 2009 by a group of Earth system and environmental scientists led by Johan Rockström from the Stockholm Resilience Centre and Will Steffen from the Australian National University.
Planned obsolescence, or built-in obsolescence, in industrial design and economics is a policy of planning or designing a product with an artificially limited useful life, so it will become obsolete (that is, unfashionable or no longer functional) after a certain period of time.
Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; 16 April 1927) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.
In sociology, post-materialism is the transformation of individual values from materialist, physical, and economic to new individual values of autonomy and self-expression.
Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Principles of Economics (Grundsätze der Volkswirtschaftslehre; 1871) is a book by economist Carl Menger which is credited with the founding of the Austrian School of economics.
Producerism is an ideology which holds that those members of society engaged in the production of tangible wealth are of greater benefit to society than, for example, aristocrats who inherit their wealth and station.
Product placement, also known as embedded marketing, is a marketing technique in which references to specific brands or products are incorporated into another work, such as a film or television program, with specific promotional intent.
Product testing, also called consumer testing or comparative testing, is a process of measuring the properties or performance of products.
Productivism or growthism is the belief that measurable economic productivity and growth are the purpose of human organization (e.g., work), and that "more production is necessarily good".
A prosumer is a person who consumes and produces a product.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, (1 June 1563? – 24 May 1612) was an English statesman noted for his skillful direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule (1603).
Scientific management is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows.
Sharing economy is an umbrella term with a range of meanings, often used to describe economic activity involving online transactions.
A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.
Simple living encompasses a number of different voluntary practices to simplify one's lifestyle.
Social justice is a concept of fair and just relations between the individual and society.
Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
Socioeconomic status (SES) is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation.
Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.
A status symbol is a perceived visible, external denotation of one's social position and perceived indicator of economic or social status.
A steady-state economy is an economy consisting of a constant stock of physical wealth (capital) and a constant population size.
Strand (or the Strand) is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster, Central London.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
In economics, supply is the amount of something that firms, consumers, labourers, providers of financial assets, or other economic agents are willing to provide to the marketplace.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.
The Century of the Self is a 2002 British television documentary series by filmmaker Adam Curtis.
The Fable of The Bees: or, Private Vices, Public Benefits is a book by Bernard Mandeville, consisting of the poem The Grumbling Hive: or, Knaves turn’d Honest, along with prose discussion of the poem.
The Paradox of Choice – Why More Is Less is a 2004 book by American psychologist Barry Schwartz.
The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions (1899), by Thorstein Veblen, is a treatise on economics and a detailed, social critique of conspicuous consumption, as a function of social class and of consumerism, derived from the social stratification of people and the division of labour, which are the social institutions of the feudal period (9th – 15th centuries) that have continued to the modern era.
The Waste Makers is a 1960 book on consumerism by Vance Packard.
They Live is a 1988 American science fiction horror film written and directed by John Carpenter.
Thorstein Bunde Veblen (born Torsten Bunde Veblen; July 30, 1857 – August 3, 1929), a Norwegian-American economist and sociologist, became famous as a witty critic of capitalism.
Tim Jackson FAcSS (born 1957) is a British ecological economist and professor of sustainable development at the University of Surrey.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Columbia.
The University of Colorado Boulder (commonly referred to as CU or Colorado) is a public research university located in Boulder, Colorado, United States.
Vance Oakley Packard (May 22, 1914 – December 12, 1996) was an American journalist and social critic.
Warren Martin Hern, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D. (born 1938) is an American physician best known for performing late-term abortions.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
William Rees, FRSC (born December 18, 1943), is a professor at the University of British Columbia and former director of the School of Community and Regional Planning (SCARP) at UBC.
World Affairs is an American quarterly journal covering international relations.
The 20th century was a century that began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000.