131 relations: Advertising, American Psycho, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, Answers.com, Anthropological theories of value, Anti-consumerism, Anti-globalization movement, Austrian School, Bernard Mandeville, Bourgeoisie, Brand, Capitalism, Car, Carl Menger, Christine Frederick, Circles of Sustainability, Civilization, Coffee, Commercialism, Commodity fetishism, Community, Conspicuous consumption, Consumer activism, Consumer Bill of Rights, Consumer capitalism, Consumer ethnocentrism, Consumer movement, Consumer protection, Consumption (economics), Cost the limit of price, Credit card, Cultural hegemony, Culture jamming, Delayed gratification, Department store, Designer clothing, Earnest Elmo Calkins, Ecological economics, Ecological Society of America, Economic materialism, Economics, Encyclopedia of the Consumer Movement, Entrepreneurship, Environmentally friendly, Epidemiology, Ford Motor Company, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Free will, Freeganism, ..., Frugality, Geoffrey Miller (psychologist), Georges Duhamel, Global warming, Globalization, Good (economics), Great Britain, Greed, Henry Ford, Herman Daly, Homo consumericus, Horace Kallen, Hyperconsumerism, Hypermobility (travel), Ideology, Industrial Revolution, Jewellery, John Bugas, Jonathon Porritt, Jorge Majfud, Josiah Wedgwood, Karl Marx, Keeping up with the Joneses, Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, Local food, Local purchasing, London, Luxury vehicle, Manfred Steger, Market economy, Media influence, Middle class, Moonlight clan, New Scientist, Nicholas Barbon, Oswald Spengler, Philosophy of futility, Planned obsolescence, Pope Benedict XVI, Post-materialism, Pottery, Princeton University Press, Principles of Economics, Producerism, Product placement, Product testing, Productivism, Restoration (England), Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, Scientific management, Sharing economy, Shopping mall, Simple living, Social justice, Social stratification, Society, Socioeconomic status, Spirituality, Status symbol, Steady-state economy, Strand, London, Sugar, Sustainability, Tea, The Century of the Self, The Fable of the Bees, The good life, The Paradox of Choice, The Theory of the Leisure Class, The Waste Makers, Thorstein Veblen, Tim Jackson (economist), Tobacco, United States, University of British Columbia, University of Colorado Boulder, Vance Packard, Warren Hern, Western Europe, William E. Rees, World Affairs. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
Advertising (or advertizing) is a form of marketing communication used to promote or sell something, usually a business's product or service.
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American Psycho is a novel by Bret Easton Ellis, published in 1991.
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Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Answers.com is an Internet-based knowledge exchange, which includes WikiAnswers, ReferenceAnswers, VideoAnswers, and five international language Q&A communities.
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Anthropological theories of value attempt to expand on the traditional theories of value used by economists or ethicists.
Anti-consumerism is a sociopolitical ideology that is opposed to consumerism, the continual buying and consuming of material possessions.
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The anti-globalization movement, or counter-globalisation movement, is a social movement critical of the globalization of corporate capitalism.
The Austrian School is a school of economic thought that is based on the concept of methodological individualism, that social phenomena result from the motivations and actions of individuals.
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Bernard Mandeville, or Bernard de Mandeville (15 November 1670 – 21 January 1733), was an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist.
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The bourgeoisie (Eng.), is a polysemous French term, because it means.
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A brand (or marque for car model) is a name, term, design, symbol or other feature that distinguishes one seller's product from those of others.
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Capitalism is an economic system in which trade, industry, and the means of production are privately owned and operated via profit and loss calculation (price signals) through the price system.
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A car is a wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation.
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Carl Menger (February 23, 1840 – February 26, 1921) was the founder of the Austrian School of economics.
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Christine Isobel McGaffey Frederick (February 6, 1883 – April 6, 1970) was an American home economist and early 20th century exponent of Taylorism as applied to the domestic sphere.
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Circles of Sustainability is a method for understanding and assessing sustainability, and for managing projects directed towards socially sustainable outcomes.
A civilization (US) or civilisation (UK) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
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Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
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Commercialism is the application of both manufacturing and consumption towards personal usage, or the practices, methods, aims, and spirit of free enterprise geared toward generating profit.
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In Karl Marx's critique of political economy, commodity fetishism is the perception of the social relationships involved in production, not as relationships among people, but as economic relationships among the money and commodities exchanged in market trade.
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A community is a social unit of any size that shares common values.
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Conspicuous consumption is the spending of money on and the acquiring of luxury goods and services to publicly display economic power—either the buyer's income or the buyer's accumulated wealth.
Consumer activism is activism undertaken on behalf of consumers, to assert consumer rights.
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On March 15, 1962, President John F. Kennedy presented a speech to the United States Congress in which he extolled four basic consumer rights, later called the Consumer Bill of Rights.
Consumer capitalism is a theoretical economic and social political condition in which consumer demand is manipulated, in a deliberate and coordinated way, on a very large scale, through mass-marketing techniques, to the advantage of sellers.
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Consumer ethnocentrism is derived from the more general psychological concept of ethnocentrism.
The consumer movement is an effort to promote consumer protection through an organized social movement which is in many places led by consumer organizations.
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Consumer protection is a group of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers as well as fair trade, competition and accurate information in the marketplace.
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Consumption is a major concept in economics and is also studied by many other social sciences.
Cost the limit of price was a maxim coined by Josiah Warren, indicating a (prescriptive) version of the labor theory of value.
A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) as a method of payment.
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In Marxist philosophy, the term cultural hegemony describes the domination of a culturally diverse society by the ruling class, who manipulate the culture of that society — the beliefs, explanations, perceptions, values, and mores — so that their ruling-class worldview becomes the worldview that is imposed and accepted as the cultural norm; as the universally valid dominant ideology that justifies the social, political, and economic status quo as natural, inevitable, perpetual and beneficial for everyone, rather than as artificial social constructs that benefit only the ruling class.
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Culture jamming (sometimes guerrilla communication) is a tactic used by many anti-consumerist social movements"Investigating the Anti-consumerism Movement in North America: The Case of Adbusters';" Binay, Ayse; (2005); dissertation, University of Texas to disrupt or subvert media culture and its mainstream cultural institutions, including (but not limited to) corporate advertising.
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Delayed gratification, or deferred gratification, is the ability to resist the temptation for an immediate reward and wait for a later reward.
A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".
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Designer clothing is clothing that bears the logo of a recognizable fashion designer.
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Earnest Elmo Calkins (March 15, 1868 – October 4, 1964) was a deaf American advertising executive who pioneered the use of art in advertising, of fictional characters, the soft sell, and the idea of "consumer engineering".
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Ecological economics/eco-economics refers to both a transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary field of academic research that aims to address the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and natural ecosystems over time and space.
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The Ecological Society of America (ESA) is a professional organization of ecological scientists.
Materialism (adj. materialistic) is the excessive desire to acquire and consume material goods.
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Economics is the social science that seeks to describe the factors which determine the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.
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The Encyclopedia of the Consumer Movement is a 1997 encyclopedia edited by Stephen Brobeck and which describes the history of the consumer movement and other topics related to consumerism.
Entrepreneurship is the process of starting a business, typically a startup company offering an innovative product, process or service.
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Environmentally friendly, environment-friendly, eco-friendly, nature-friendly, and green are marketing terms referring to goods and services, laws, guidelines and policies that inflict reduced, minimal, or no harm upon ecosystems or the environment.
Epidemiology is the study of the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
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The Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to as simply Ford) is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
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Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency.
Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action.
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Freeganism is the practice of reclaiming and eating food that has been discarded.
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Frugality is the quality of being frugal, sparing, thrifty, prudent or economical in the consumption of consumable resources such as food, time or money, and avoiding waste, lavishness or extravagance.
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Geoffrey F. Miller (born 1965 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American evolutionary psychologist, serving as an associate professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico and known for his expertise in sexual selection in human evolution, and for his views on the evolution through sexual selection of the human brain as sexual ornamentation.
Georges Duhamel (June 30, 1884 – April 13, 1966), was a French author, born in Paris.
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Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
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Globalization (or globalisation) is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture.
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In economics, a good is a material that satisfies human wants and provides utility, for example, to a consumer making a purchase.
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Great Britain, also known as Britain, is an island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe.
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Definition (Adam Thompson) Greed (Latin, avaritia), also known as avarice, cupidity, or covetousness, is the inordinate desire to possess wealth, goods, or objects of abstract value with the intention to keep it for one's self, far beyond the dictates of basic survival and comfort.
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Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
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Herman Edward Daly (born 1938) is an American ecological economist and professor at the School of Public Policy of University of Maryland, College Park in the United States.
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Homo consumericus (mock Latin for consumerist person) is a neologism used in the social sciences, notably by Gad Saad in his book The Evolutionary Bases of Consumption and by Gilles Lipovetsky in Le Bonheur Paradoxal.
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Horace Meyer Kallen (August 11, 1882 – February 16, 1974) was an American philosopher.
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Hyperconsumerism, hyper-consumerism, hyperconsumption or hyper-consumption refer to the consumption of goods for non-functional purposes and the associated significant pressure to consume those goods exerted by the modern, capitalist society, as those goods shape one's identity.
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Hypermobile travelers are "highly mobile individuals" who take "frequent trips, often over great distances." They "account for a large share of the overall kilometres travelled, especially by air." These people contribute significantly to the overall amount of airmiles flown within a given society.
Ideology, in the Althusserian sense, is "the imaginary relation to the real conditions of existence." It can be described as a set of conscious and unconscious ideas which make up one's goals, expectations, and motivations.
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The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Jewellery or jewelrysee American and British spelling differences consists of small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets.
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John Stephen Bugas (April 26, 1908 – December 2, 1982), known as Jack Bugas, was the second in command at Ford Motor Company during the presidency and chairmanship reign of Henry Ford II (the oldest grandson of founder Henry Ford).
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Jorge Majfud (born 1969) is a Uruguayan American writer.
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Josiah Wedgwood (12 July 17303 January 1795) was an English potter who founded the Wedgwood company and is credited with the industrialisation of the manufacture of pottery.
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Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
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"Keeping up with the Joneses" is an idiom in many parts of the English-speaking world referring to the comparison to one's neighbor as a benchmark for social class or the accumulation of material goods.
Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (1575 – 6 August 1645) was an English merchant and politician.
Local food or the local food movement is a movement which aims to connect food producers and food consumers in the same geographic region; in order to develop more self-reliant and resilient food networks, improve local economies, or for health, environmental, community, or social impact in a particular place.
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Local purchasing is a preference to buy locally produced goods and services over those produced farther away.
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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
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Luxury vehicle is a marketing term for a vehicle that provides luxury — pleasant or desirable features beyond strict necessity — at increased expense (see luxury goods).
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Manfred B. Steger (born 1961) is Professor at the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
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A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system.
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Media influence or media effects are used in media studies, psychology, communication theory and sociology to refer to the theories about the ways in which mass media and media culture affect how their audiences think and behave.
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The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy.
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Moonlight Clan, or Yue Guang Zu is used to describe a large group of people who use up their entire salary before the end of each month, especially young adults.
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New Scientist is a UK-based weekly non-peer-reviewed English-language international science magazine, founded in 1956.
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Nicholas If-Jesus-Christ-Had-Not-Died-For-Thee-Thou-Hadst-Been-Damned Barebone who traded as Nicholas Barbon (1640 – 1698) was an English economist, physician, and financial speculator.
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Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler (29 May 1880 – 8 May 1936) was a German historian and philosopher of history whose interests included mathematics, science, and art.
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Philosophy of futility is a phrase coined by Columbia University marketing professor Paul Nystrom to describe the disposition caused by the monotony of the new industrial age.
Planned obsolescence or built-in obsolescence in industrial design is a policy of planning or designing a product with an artificially limited useful life, so it will become obsolete, that is, unfashionable or no longer functional after a certain period of time.
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Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; on 16 April 1927) served as Pope of the Catholic Church from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.
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In sociology, post-materialism is the transformation of individual values from materialist, physical and economic to new individual values of autonomy and self-expression.
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Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up potterywares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
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The Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Principles of Economics (Grundsätze der Volkswirtschaftslehre; 1871) is a book by economist Carl Menger which is credited with the founding of the Austrian School of economics.
Producerism is an ideology which holds that those members of society engaged in the production of tangible wealth are of greater benefit to society than, for example, aristocrats who inherit their wealth and station.
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Product placement, brand integration or embedded marketing, is, according to the European Union "any form of audio-visual commercial communication consisting of the inclusion of or reference to a product, a service or the trade mark thereof so that it is featured within a programme".
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Product testing, also called consumer testing or comparative testing, is a process of measuring the properties or performance of products.
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Productivism or growthism is the belief that measurable economic productivity and growth are the purpose of human organization (e.g., work), and that "more production is necessarily good".
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The Restoration of the English monarchy began in 1660 when the English, Scottish and Irish monarchies were all restored under Charles II after the Interregnum that followed the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, (1 June 1563? – 24 May 1612) was an English administrator and politician.
Scientific Management, also called Taylorism, Mitcham, Carl and Adam, Briggle Management in Mitcham (2005) p. 1153, quote: is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows.
A sharing economy can take a variety of forms, including using information technology to provide individuals, corporations, non-profits and governments with information that enables the optimization of resources through the redistribution, sharing and reuse of excess capacity in goods and services.
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A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.
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Simple living encompasses a number of different voluntary practices to simplify one's lifestyle.
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Social justice is "justice in terms of the distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within a society".
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Social stratification is a society's categorization of people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
A human society is a group of people involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
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Socioeconomic status (SES) is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation.
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Spirituality may refer to almost any kind of meaningful activity, personal growth, or blissful experience.
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A status symbol is a perceived visible, external denotation of one's social position and perceived indicator of economic or social status.
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A steady-state economy is an economy of relatively stable size.
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Strand, often called the Strand, is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster in central London that forms part of the A4 road.
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Sugar is the generalized name for sweet, short-chain, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
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In ecology, sustainability is the capacity to endure; it is how biological systems remain diverse and productive indefinitely.
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Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub native to Asia.
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The Century of the Self is a 2002 British television documentary series by Adam Curtis.
The Fable of The Bees: or, Private Vices, Public Benefits is a book by Bernard Mandeville, consisting of the poem, The Grumbling Hive: or, Knaves turn’d Honest, along with prose discussion of the poem.
The good life is a term for the life that one would like to live, or for happiness, associated (as eudaimonia) with the work of Aristotle and his teaching on ethics.
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The Paradox of Choice - Why More Is Less is a 2004 book by American psychologist Barry Schwartz.
The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions (1899), by Thorstein Veblen, is a treatise on economics and a detailed, social critique of conspicuous consumption, as a function of social class and of consumerism, derived from the social stratification of people and the division of labour, which are the social institutions of the feudal period (9th – 15th centuries) that have continued to the modern era.
The Waste Makers is a 1960 book on consumerism by Vance Packard.
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Thorstein Bunde Veblen (born Torsten Bunde Veblen; July 30, 1857 – August 3, 1929) was an American economist and sociologist.
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Tim Jackson FAcSS (born 1957) is a British ecological economist and professor of sustainable development at the University of Surrey.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The University of British Columbia, commonly referred to as UBC, is a public Canadian research university based in British Columbia.
The University of Colorado Boulder (UCB, also commonly referred to as CU-Boulder, CU, Boulder, or Colorado) is a public research university located in Boulder, Colorado, United States.
Vance Packard (May 22, 1914 – December 12, 1996) was an American journalist, social critic, and author.
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Warren Martin Hern, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D. (born 1938) is an American physician best known for performing late-term abortions.
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Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
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William Rees, FRSC (born December 18, 1943), is a professor at the University of British Columbia and former director of the School of Community and Regional Planning (SCARP) at UBC.
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World Affairs is an American right-leaning bimonthly magazine covering international relations.
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Consumer class, Consumer culture, Consumer demand, Consumer ethos, Consumer society, Consumerist culture, Consumerists, Consumtariat, Criticism of consumerism, Market culture, Mass consumption, Religion of Consumerism, Theory of consumer demand.