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Index Containerization

Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers). [1]

167 relations: ASTM International, Australian Army, Barge, Benjamin Outram, Break bulk cargo, Break of gauge, Bridgewater Canal, Broad-gauge railway, Bulk cargo, Bureau International des Containers, Cargo, CBS News, Chemins de Fer du Nord, Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad, Chicago and North Western Transportation Company, Chicago Great Western Railway, Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, Cincinnati, CKRW-FM, Coal mining in the United Kingdom, Common carrier, Conex box, Container port, Container port design process, Container Security Initiative, Container ship, Contraband, Defense Technical Information Center, Derby Canal, Doritos, Double-stack rail transport, Draft (hull), Emma Mærsk, Engineer, EUR-pallet, Flatcar, Freight rate, Freight transport, Friendly Floatees, Globalization, Golden Arrow (train), Goods station, GWR Container, Henry Robinson Palmer, Houston, Inland port, Intermodal container, Intermodal freight transport, International Air Transport Association, ..., International Chamber of Shipping, International Organization for Standardization, International trade, International Union of Railways, Interstate Commerce Commission, IOS Press, ISO 668, James Brindley, Japan Freight Railway Company, Just-in-time manufacturing, Keith Tantlinger, Korean War, La Flèche d'Or, List of busiest container ports, Little Eaton Gangway, Liverpool and Manchester Railway, Lloyd's Register, Loading gauge, MacGuffin, Mack Trucks, Maintenance (technical), Malaccamax, Malcom McLean, Maritime transport, Matson, Inc., Multimodal transport, MV Rena, Narrow-gauge railway, Neo-bulk cargo, New York City, New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, Newark, New Jersey, North Carolina, Northern Illinois University Press, NYC container, Ocean current, Oceanography, Ohio, Pallet, Pantechnicon van, PODS (company), Poland, Polish–Soviet War, Port, Port of Felixstowe, Port of Liverpool, Port of London, Port of New York and New Jersey, Port of Oakland, Port of Rotterdam, Port of San Francisco, Queensland Rail, RACE (container), Rail transport, Railroad car, Regulatory capture, Roll-on/roll-off, Roller container, SeaLand, Seatrain Lines, Seattle, SECU (container), Semi-trailer truck, Shipping container, Shipping container architecture, Shipping line, Shipping portal, Silvio Crespi, South Australian Railways, Southern Pacific Transportation Company, Southern Railway (UK), Spreader (container), Standard-gauge railway, Standardization, Stevedore, Stowage, Stowage plan for container ships, Strait of Malacca, Swap body, Tank container, Tare weight, Terrorism, The Advertiser (Adelaide), The Argus (Melbourne), The Box (Levinson book), The Cairns Post, The Examiner (Tasmania), The Morning Bulletin, The Sydney Morning Herald, The West Australian, Track gauge, Train station, Transportation Corps, Transshipment, Trolley and lift van, Twenty-foot equivalent unit, Twistlock, U.S. Army Transportation Museum, Unit load, United States Army, United States Department of Defense, University of Michigan, Venice, Victorian Railways, Vietnam War, Wagon, Wall Street Crash of 1929, Weathering steel, White Pass and Yukon Route, Wired (magazine), Wolseley, South Australia, World Shipping Council, World War II, Worsley, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Zürich Tiefenbrunnen railway station, 2000s energy crisis. Expand index (117 more) »

ASTM International

ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.

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Australian Army

The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.

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A barge is a flat-bottomed ship, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods.

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Benjamin Outram

Benjamin Outram (1 April 1764 – 22 May 1805) was an English civil engineer, surveyor and industrialist.

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Break bulk cargo

In shipping, break bulk cargo or general cargo are goods that must be loaded individually, and not in intermodal containers nor in bulk as with oil or grain.

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Break of gauge

With railways, a break of gauge occurs where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge.

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Bridgewater Canal

The Bridgewater Canal connects Runcorn, Manchester and Leigh, in North West England.

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Broad-gauge railway

A broad-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge broader than the standard-gauge railways.

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Bulk cargo

Bulk cargo is commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities.

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Bureau International des Containers

The Bureau International des Containers et du Transport Intermodal, originally Bureau International des Conteneurs, and still abbreviated BIC, and in English parlance sometimes called International Container Bureau oversees standards for intermodal containers, commonly referred to as "shipping containers".

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In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.

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CBS News

CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.

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Chemins de Fer du Nord

The Chemins de Fer du Nord (Compagnie des chemins de fer du Nord or CF du Nord), (Northern Railway Company) often referred to simply as the Nord company, was a rail transport company created in September 1845, in Paris, France.

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Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad

The Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad was a Class I railroad that linked Chicago to southern Illinois, St. Louis, and Evansville.

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Chicago and North Western Transportation Company

The Chicago and North Western Transportation Company was a Class I railroad in the Midwestern United States.

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Chicago Great Western Railway

The Chicago Great Western Railway was a Class I railroad that linked Chicago, Minneapolis, Omaha, and Kansas City.

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Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad

The Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, also known as the North Shore Line, was an interurban railroad that served the northern Chicago metropolitan area, and southeastern Wisconsin.

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Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad

The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad was a railroad that operated in the Midwestern United States.

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No description.

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CKRW-FM, also branded The Rush, is a hot adult contemporary radio station in Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada.

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Coal mining in the United Kingdom

Coal mining in the United Kingdom dates back to Roman times and occurred in many different parts of the country.

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Common carrier

A common carrier in common law countries (corresponding to a public carrier in civil law systems,Encyclopædia Britannica CD 2000 "Civil-law public carrier" from "carriage of goods" usually called simply a carrier) is a person or company that transports goods or people for any person or company and that is responsible for any possible loss of the goods during transport.

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Conex box

The CONEX box was developed during the Korean War and was used to transport and store supplies during the Korean and Vietnam war.

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Container port

A container port or container terminal is a facility where cargo containers are transshipped between different transport vehicles, for onward transportation.

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Container port design process

Container port design process is a set of correlated practices considered during container port design, aiming to transfer general business mission into detailed design documents for future construction and operation.

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Container Security Initiative

The Container Security Initiative (CSI) was launched in 2002 by the U.S. Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), an agency of the Department of Homeland Security.

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Container ship

Container ships (sometimes spelled containerships) are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size intermodal containers, in a technique called containerization.

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The word contraband, reported in English since 1529, from Medieval French contrebande "a smuggling," denotes any item that, relating to its nature, is illegal to be possessed or sold.

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Defense Technical Information Center

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC, pronounced "Dee-tick") is the premier repository for research and engineering information for the United States Department of Defense.

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Derby Canal

The Derby Canal ran from the Trent and Mersey Canal at Swarkestone to Derby and Little Eaton, and to the Erewash Canal at Sandiacre, in Derbyshire, England.

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Doritos is an American brand of flavored tortilla chips produced since 1964 by Frito-Lay, a wholly owned subsidiary of PepsiCo.

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Double-stack rail transport

Double-stack rail transport is a form of intermodal freight transport where intermodal containers are stacked two high on railroad cars.

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Draft (hull)

The draft or draught of a ship's hull is the vertical distance between the waterline and the bottom of the hull (keel), with the thickness of the hull included; in the case of not being included the draft outline would be obtained.

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Emma Mærsk

Emma Mærsk is the first container ship in the E-class of eight owned by the A. P. Moller-Maersk Group.

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Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.

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The EUR-pallet—also Euro-pallet or EPAL-pallet—is the standard European pallet as specified by the European Pallet Association (EPAL).

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A flatcar (US) (also flat car (US) or flat wagon (UIC)) is a piece of railroad (US) or railway (non-US) rolling stock that consists of an open, flat deck mounted on a pair of trucks (US) or bogies (UK), one at each end containing four or six wheels.

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Freight rate

A freight rate(historically and in ship chartering simply freight) is a price at which a certain cargo is delivered from one point to another.

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Freight transport

Freight transport is the physical process of transporting commodities and merchandise goods and cargo.

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Friendly Floatees

Friendly Floatees are plastic bath toys marketed by The First Years, Inc.

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Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.

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Golden Arrow (train)

The Golden Arrow (Flèche d’Or) was a luxury boat train of the Southern Railway and later British Railways.

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Goods station

A goods station (also known as a goods yard or goods depot) or freight station is, in the widest sense, a railway station where, either exclusively or predominantly, goods (or freight), such as merchandise, parcels, and manufactured items, are loaded onto or unloaded off of ships or road vehicles and/or where goods wagons are transferred to local sidings.

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GWR Container

The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the midlands, the south-west and west of England and most of Wales.

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Henry Robinson Palmer

Henry Robinson Palmer (1795–1844) was a British civil engineer who designed the world's second monorail and the first elevated railway.

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Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.

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Inland port

An inland port is a port on an inland waterway, such as a river, lake, or canal, which may or may not be connected to the ocean.

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Intermodal container

An intermodal container is a large standardized shipping container, designed and built for intermodal freight transport, meaning these containers can be used across different modes of transport – from ship to rail to truck – without unloading and reloading their cargo.

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Intermodal freight transport

Intermodal freight transport involves the transportation of freight in an intermodal container or vehicle, using multiple modes of transportation (e.g., rail, ship, and truck), without any handling of the freight itself when changing modes.

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International Air Transport Association

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is a trade association of the world’s airlines.

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International Chamber of Shipping

The International Chamber of Shipping is the world's principal shipping organisation, representing around 80% of the world’s merchant tonnage, through membership by national shipowners' associations.

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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International trade

International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.

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International Union of Railways

The UIC (Union Internationale des Chemins de fer) or International Union of Railways is an international rail transport industry body.

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Interstate Commerce Commission

The Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) was a regulatory agency in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887.

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IOS Press

IOS Press is a publishing house headquartered in Amsterdam, specialising in the publication of journals and books related to fields of scientific, technical, and medical research.

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ISO 668

ISO 668 - Series 1 freight containers — Classification, dimensions and ratings is an ISO international standard which classifies intermodal freight shipping containers and standardises their size and weight specifications.

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James Brindley

James Brindley (1716 – 27 September 1772) was an English engineer.

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Japan Freight Railway Company

, or, is one of the constituent companies of Japan Railways Group (JR Group).

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Just-in-time manufacturing

Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing, also known as just-in-time production or the Toyota Production System (TPS), is a methodology aimed primarily at reducing flow times within production system as well as response times from suppliers and to customers.

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Keith Tantlinger

Keith Walton Tantlinger (March 22, 1919 – August 27, 2011) was a mechanical engineer and inventor.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

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La Flèche d'Or

La Flèche d’Or (The Golden Arrow) was a luxury boat train of the Chemin de Fer du Nord and later SNCF.

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List of busiest container ports

This is a list of the world's busiest container ports (ports with container terminals that specialize in handling goods transported in shipping containers) by total number of actual twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) transported through the port.

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Little Eaton Gangway

The Little Eaton Gangway, or, to give it its official title, the Derby Canal Railway, was a narrow gauge industrial wagonway serving the Derby Canal, in England, at Little Eaton in Derbyshire.

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Liverpool and Manchester Railway

The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in England.

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Lloyd's Register

Lloyd's Register Group Limited (LR) is a technical and business services organisation and a maritime classification society, wholly owned by the Lloyd’s Register Foundation, a UK charity dedicated to research and education in science and engineering.

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Loading gauge

A loading gauge defines the maximum height and width for railway vehicles and their loads to ensure safe passage through bridges, tunnels and other structures.

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In fiction, a MacGuffin (sometimes McGuffin or maguffin) is a plot device in the form of some goal, desired object, or another motivator that the protagonist pursues, often with little or no narrative explanation.

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Mack Trucks

Mack Trucks, Inc., is an American truck–manufacturing company and a former manufacturer of buses and trolley buses.

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Maintenance (technical)

The technical meaning of maintenance involves operational and functional checks, servicing, repairing or replacing of necessary devices, equipment, machinery, building infrastructure, and supporting utilities in industrial, business, governmental, and residential installations.

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Malaccamax is a naval architecture term for the largest tonnage of ship capable of fitting through the Strait of Malacca.

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Malcom McLean

Malcom Purcell McLean (born Malcolm Purcell McLean; November 14, 1913 – May 25, 2001) was an American businessman.

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Maritime transport

Maritime transport is the transport of people (passengers) or goods (cargo) by water.

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Matson, Inc.

Matson, Inc. (formerly known as Matson Navigation Company), is a public shipping company which was founded in 1882.

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Multimodal transport

Multimodal transport (also known as combined transport) is the transportation of goods under a single contract, but performed with at least two different means of transport; the carrier is liable (in a legal sense) for the entire carriage, even though it is performed by several different modes of transport (by rail, sea and road, for example).

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MV Rena

MV Rena was a container ship owned by the Greek shipping company Costamare Inc. through one of its subsidiaries, Daina Shipping Co.

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Narrow-gauge railway

A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the standard.

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Neo-bulk cargo

In the ocean shipping trade, neo-bulk cargo is a type of cargo that is a subcategory of general cargo, alongside the other subcategories of break-bulk cargo and containerized cargo.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad

The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, commonly known as the New Haven, was a railroad that operated in northeastern United States from 1872 to 1968, dominating the region's rail traffic for the first half of the 20th century.

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Newark, New Jersey

Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.

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North Carolina

North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Northern Illinois University Press

Northern Illinois University Press is a publisher and part of Northern Illinois University.

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NYC container

The New York Central Rail Road introduced a container system in 1922.

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Ocean current

An ocean current is a seasonal directed movement of sea water generated by forces acting upon this mean flow, such as wind, the Coriolis effect, breaking waves, cabbing, temperature and salinity differences, while tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon.

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Oceanography (compound of the Greek words ὠκεανός meaning "ocean" and γράφω meaning "write"), also known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean.

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Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.

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A pallet, sometimes inaccurately called a skid (a skid has no bottom deck boards), is a flat transport structure that supports goods in a stable fashion while being lifted by a forklift, pallet jack, front loader, work saver, or other jacking device, or a crane.

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Pantechnicon van

A Pantechnicon van, currently usually shortened to pantec, was originally a furniture removal van drawn by horses and used by the British company "The Pantechnicon" for delivering and collecting furniture which its customers wished to store.

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PODS (company)

PODS, or Portable On Demand Storage, is a moving and storage company.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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Polish–Soviet War

The Polish–Soviet War (February 1919 – March 1921) was fought by the Second Polish Republic, Ukrainian People's Republic and the proto-Soviet Union (Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine) for control of an area equivalent to today's western Ukraine and parts of modern Belarus.

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A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.

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Port of Felixstowe

The Port of Felixstowe, in Felixstowe, Suffolk is the United Kingdom's busiest container port, dealing with 42% of Britain's containerised trade.

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Port of Liverpool

The Port of Liverpool is the enclosed dock system that runs from Brunswick Dock in Liverpool to Seaforth Dock, Seaforth, on the east side of the River Mersey and the Birkenhead Docks between Birkenhead and Wallasey on the west side of the river.

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Port of London

The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames from the capital to the North Sea.

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Port of New York and New Jersey

The Port of New York and New Jersey is the port district of the New York-Newark metropolitan area, encompassing the region within approximately a radius of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.

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Port of Oakland

The Port of Oakland is a major container ship facility located in Oakland, California, in the San Francisco Bay.

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Port of Rotterdam

The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, located in the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands.

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Port of San Francisco

The Port of San Francisco is a semi-independent organization that oversees the port facilities at San Francisco, California, United States.

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Queensland Rail

Queensland Rail, also known as QR, is a railway operator in Queensland, Australia.

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RACE (container)

Railways of Australia Container Express or RACE was a slightly wider version of the standard ISO shipping container able to take 2 Australia Standard Pallets side by side.

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Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.

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Railroad car

A railroad car or railcar (American and Canadian English), railway wagon or railway carriage (British English and UIC), also called a train car or train wagon, is a vehicle used for the carrying of cargo or passengers on a rail transport system (a railroad/railway).

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Regulatory capture

Regulatory capture is a form of government failure which occurs when a regulatory agency, created to act in the public interest, instead advances the commercial or political concerns of special interest groups that dominate the industry or sector it is charged with regulating.

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Roll-on/roll-off (RORO or ro-ro) ships are vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo, such as cars, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers, and railroad cars, that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels or using a platform vehicle, such as a self-propelled modular transporter.

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Roller container

A roller container is a container type that can be carried by trucks to be pushed to ground level by help of a hook and level arm with the container possibly sliding on steel roller wheels.

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SeaLand, a division of the Maersk Group, is an intra-regional container shipping company headquartered in Miramar, Florida with representation in 29 countries across the Americas.

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Seatrain Lines

Seatrain Lines, formally the Over-Seas Shipping Company, began intermodal freight transport in December 1928 by transporting entire loaded railroad freight cars between the United States and Cuba.

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Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.

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SECU (container)

SECU, Stora Enso Cargo Unit, is a type of intermodal container (shipping container) built to transport bulk cargo like paper on railway and ship.

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Semi-trailer truck

A semi-trailer truck (more commonly semi truck or simply "semi") is the combination of a tractor unit and one or more semi-trailers to carry freight.

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Shipping container

A shipping container is a container with strength suitable to withstand shipment, storage, and handling.

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Shipping container architecture

Shipping container architecture is a form of architecture using steel intermodal containers (shipping containers) as structural element.

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Shipping line

A shipping line is a business that transports cargo aboard ships.

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Shipping portal

Shipping portals are web sites which allow shippers, consignees and forwarders access to multiple carriers through a single site.

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Silvio Crespi

Silvio Benigno Crespi (September 24, 1868 in Milan – January 15, 1944 in Cadorago) was an Italian entrepreneur, inventor and politician.

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South Australian Railways

South Australian Railways was the statutory corporation through which the Government of South Australia built and operated railways in South Australia from 1854 until March 1978, when its non-urban railways were incorporated into Australian National, and its Adelaide urban lines were transferred to the State Transport Authority.

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Southern Pacific Transportation Company

The Southern Pacific (or Espee from the railroad initials- SP) was an American Class I railroad network that existed from 1865 to 1998 that operated in the Western United States.

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Southern Railway (UK)

The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.

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Spreader (container)

The spreader is a device used for lifting containers and unitized cargo.

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Standard-gauge railway

A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of.

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Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.

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A stevedore, longshoreman, or dockworker is a waterfront manual laborer who is involved in loading and unloading ships, trucks, trains or airplanes.

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In, stowage is the amount of room available for stowing materials aboard a ship, tank or an airplane.

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Stowage plan for container ships

Stowage plan for container ships or bay plan is the plan and method by which different types of container vessels are loaded with containers of specific standard sizes.

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Strait of Malacca

The Strait of Malacca (Selat Melaka, Selat Malaka; Jawi: سلت ملاک) or Straits of Malacca is a narrow, stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

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Swap body

A swap body (or swop body) is one of the standard freight containers for road and rail transport.

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Tank container

A tank container or tanktainer is an intermodal container for the transport of liquids, gases and powders as bulk cargo.

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Tare weight

Tare weight, sometimes called unladen weight, is the weight of an empty vehicle or container.

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Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.

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The Advertiser (Adelaide)

The Advertiser is a conservative, daily tabloid-format newspaper published in the city of Adelaide, South Australia.

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The Argus (Melbourne)

The Argus was a morning daily newspaper in Melbourne, Australia that was established in 1846 and closed in 1957.

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The Box (Levinson book)

The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger is a non-fiction book by Marc Levinson charting the historic rise of the intermodal container (shipping container) and how it changed the economic landscape of the global economy.

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The Cairns Post

The Cairns Post is a major News Corporation newspaper in Far North Queensland, Australia, that exclusively serves the Cairns area.

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The Examiner (Tasmania)

The Examiner is the daily newspaper of the city of Launceston and north-eastern Tasmania, Australia.

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The Morning Bulletin

The Morning Bulletin is a daily newspaper servicing the city of Rockhampton and the surrounding areas of Central Queensland, Australia.

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The Sydney Morning Herald

The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.

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The West Australian

The West Australian, widely known as The West (Saturday edition: The Weekend West) is the only locally edited daily newspaper published in Perth, Western Australia, and is owned by Seven West Media (SWM), as is the state's other major newspaper, The Sunday Times.

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Track gauge

In rail transport, track gauge is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails.

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Train station

A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.

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Transportation Corps

The Transportation Corps was established 31 July 1942 by Executive Order 9082.

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Transshipment or transhipment is the shipment of goods or containers to an intermediate destination, then to yet another destination.

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Trolley and lift van

The trolley was a platform body with four relatively small wheels mounted underneath it, the front two on a turntable undercarriage.

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Twenty-foot equivalent unit

The twenty-foot equivalent unit (often TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals.

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A twistlock and corner casting together form a standardized rotating connector for securing shipping containers.

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U.S. Army Transportation Museum

The U.S. Army Transportation Museum is a United States Army museum of vehicles and other transportation-related equipment and memorabilia.

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Unit load

A unit load combines individual items or items in shipping containers into single "units" that can be moved easily with a pallet jack or forklift truck.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Department of Defense

The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.

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University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

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Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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Victorian Railways

The Victorian Railways operated in the Australian state of Victoria from 1859 to 1983.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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A wagon (also alternatively and archaically spelt waggon in British and Commonwealth English) is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals or on occasion by humans (see below), used for transporting goods, commodities, agricultural materials, supplies and sometimes people.

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Wall Street Crash of 1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its after effects.

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Weathering steel

Weathering steel, often referred to by the genericized trademark COR-TEN steel and sometimes written without the hyphen as corten steel, is a group of steel alloys which were developed to eliminate the need for painting, and form a stable rust-like appearance after several years exposure to weather.

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White Pass and Yukon Route

The White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&Y, WP&YR) is a Canadian and U.S. Class II narrow-gauge railroad linking the port of Skagway, Alaska, with Whitehorse, the capital of Yukon.

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Wired (magazine)

Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.

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Wolseley, South Australia

Wolseley (formerly Tatiara) is a small South Australian town near the Victorian border.

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World Shipping Council

The World Shipping Council (WSC) is the peak industry trade group representing the international liner shipping industry, which offers regularly scheduled service on fixed schedules.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Worsley is a town in the metropolitan borough of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England.

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Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Wrocław University of Science and Technology (Politechnika Wrocławska, founded as Technische Hochschule Breslau) is a technological university in Wrocław Poland.

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Zürich Tiefenbrunnen railway station

Zürich Tiefenbrunnen railway station (Bahnhof Zürich Tiefenbrunnen) is a railway station in the Swiss city of Zürich.

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2000s energy crisis

From the mid-1980s to September 2003, the inflation-adjusted price of a barrel of crude oil on NYMEX was generally under US$25/barrel.

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Cargo containerization, Cargo containers, Container express, Container shipping, Container transport, Containerisation, Containerised cargo, Containerised freight, Containerized, Containerized cargo, Containerized freight, Contanerization, Full Container Load, Full container load, Full trailer load, Goods container, Industrial shipping container, International containers, Isotainer, Isotainers, Less than Container Load, Less than container load, Less-than-container load, Railway container, Sea container, The Box (ISO container).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Containerization

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