105 relations: Acrylic fiber, Airbag, Alvis TF 21, American Specialty Cars, Audi A5, Audi S5, Audi TT, Automobile air conditioning, Bentley 4½ Litre, Boeing 747, Boron, Brougham (car body), Buick Century, Buick Roadmaster, Buick Super, Butyl rubber, Cabrio coach, Cadillac Allanté, Cadillac Eldorado, Cadillac Series 61, Cadillac Series 62, Cadillac XLR, Canvas, Car, Carson top, Chevrolet Corvette, Chevrolet SSR, Chrysler Sebring, Citroën 2CV, Citroën C3, Concept car, Convertible, Coupe de Ville, Daihatsu Copen, Decibel, Fiat 500 (2007), Ford Bronco, Ford Fairlane 500 Skyliner, Ford Model T, Ford Thunderbird, Hardtop, Heuliez, Imperial (automobile), Jaguar E-Type, Jaguar XK, Jeep Wrangler, Jute, Kei car, Land Rover Defender, Landau (carriage), ..., Landaulet (car), Latex, Limousine, Lincoln Continental, Mazda MX-5, Mercedes-Benz G-Class, Mercedes-Benz SL-Class, Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class, Mercedes-Benz W113, Mercedes-Benz W189, MG T-type, NASCAR Convertible Division, Nash Motors, OASys (company), Oldsmobile 98, Packard Caribbean, Phaeton body, Pickup truck, Pillar (car), Pininfarina, Plymouth (automobile), Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polycarbonate, Polyvinyl chloride, Porsche 550, Porsche Boxster/Cayman, Pyrotechnics, Rambler American, Rayon, Retractable hardtop, Roadster (automobile), Roll cage, Rollover protection structure, Rolls-Royce Corniche, Rolls-Royce Phantom V, Roof, Runabout (car), Sports car, Structural rigidity, Studebaker Lark, Sunroof, Suzuki Jimny, Suzuki Vitara, Targa top, Textile, Tonneau, Torsion (mechanics), Touring car, Toyota Land Cruiser, Triumph Roadster, Victoria (carriage), Vinyl roof, Volkswagen Eos, Volkswagen New Beetle, 1932 Ford. Expand index (55 more) » « Shrink index
Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer (polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of ~100,000, about 1900 monomer units.
An airbag is a type of vehicle safety device and is an occupant restraint system.
The Alvis Three Litre series IV, TF21, an updated version of the 1963 TE21, was the last car produced by Alvis cars, having been announced at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1966 it remained in production until 1967.
American Specialty Cars (commonly known as ASC or American Sunroof Company) was an automobile supplier of highly engineered and designed roof systems, body systems and other specialty-vehicle systems for the world’s automakers.
The Audi A5 is a series of executive coupe cars produced by the German automobile manufacturer Audi since March 2007.
The Audi S5 is the high-performance variant of Audi's A5.
The Audi TT is a 2-door compact sports car marketed by Volkswagen Group subsidiary Audi since 1998.
Automobile air conditioning (also called A/C) systems use air conditioning to cool the air in a vehicle.
The Bentley 4½ Litre was a British car based on a rolling chassis built by Bentley Motors.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5.
A brougham (pronounced,,, or) was originally a car body style where driver sat outside and the passengers sat within an enclosed cabin, as per the earlier brougham horse-drawn carriage.
Buick Century is the model name used by Buick for a line of upscale performance cars from 1936 to 1942 and 1954 to 1958, and from 1973 to 2005 for a mid-size car.
The Roadmaster is an automobile that was built by Buick from 1936 to 1958, and again from 1991 to 1996.
The Buick Super is a full-sized automobile produced from the 1940 through the 1958 model years (excluding WW II).
Butyl rubber, sometimes just called "butyl", is a synthetic rubber, a copolymer of isobutylene with isoprene.
A cabrio coach or semi-convertible is a type of car that has a retractable textile roof, similar to a convertible/cabriolet.
The Cadillac Allanté is a two-door, two-seater luxury roadster produced by Cadillac from 1987 until 1993.
The Cadillac Eldorado is a personal luxury car that was manufactured and marketed by Cadillac from 1952 to 2002 over ten generations.
The Cadillac Series 61 replaced the Series 60/65 (except for the upscale Sixty Special) in Cadillac's 1939Odin, L.C. World in Motion 1939 - The whole of the year's automobile production.
The Cadillac Series 62 is a series of cars which was produced by Cadillac from 1940 through 1964.
The Cadillac XLR is a luxury roadster that was marketed by Cadillac, assembled in Bowling Green, Kentucky.
Canvas is an extremely durable plain-woven fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other items for which sturdiness is required.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Carson top is a one-piece, padded, upholstered, removable top.
The Chevrolet Corvette, known colloquially as the Vette or Chevy Corvette, is a sports car manufactured by Chevrolet.
The Chevrolet SSR (Super Sport Roadster) was a retractable hardtop convertible pickup truck manufactured by Chevrolet between 2003 and 2006.
The Chrysler Sebring is a line of mid-size luxury automobiles that was sold from 1995 through 2010 by Chrysler.
The Citroën 2CV ("deux chevaux" i.e. "deux chevaux-vapeur" (lit. "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile and manufactured by Citroën for model years 1948–1990. Conceived by Citroën Vice-President Pierre Boulanger to help motorise the large number of farmers still using horses and carts in 1930s France, the 2CV has a combination of innovative engineering and utilitarian, straightforward metal bodywork — initially corrugated for added strength without added weight. The 2CV featured low cost; simplicity of overall maintenance; an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp); low fuel consumption; and an extremely long-travel suspension offering a soft ride and light off-road capability. Often called "an umbrella on wheels", the fixed-profile convertible bodywork featured a full-width, canvas, roll-back sunroof, which accommodated oversized loads and until 1955 reached almost to the car's rear bumper. Notably, Michelin introduced and first commercialized the radial tyre with the introduction of the 2CV. Manufactured in France between 1948 and 1988 (and in Portugal from 1988 to 1990), more than 3.8 million 2CVs were produced, along with over 1.2 million small 2CV-based delivery vans known as fourgonnettes. Citroën ultimately offered several mechanically identical variants including the Ami (over 1.8 million); the Dyane (over 1.4 million); the Acadiane (over 250,000); and the Mehari (over 140,000). In total, Citroën manufactured almost 9 million 2CVs and variants. The purchase price of the 2CV was low relative to its competition. In West Germany during the 1960s, for example, it cost about half as much as a Volkswagen Beetle. From the mid-1950s economy car competition had increased – internationally in the form of the 1957 Fiat 500 and 1955 Fiat 600, and 1959 Austin Mini. By 1952, Germany produced a price competitive car – the Messerschmitt KR175, followed in 1955 by the Isetta – these were microcars, not complete four-door cars like the 2CV. On the French home market, from 1961, the small Simca 1000 using licensed Fiat technology, and the larger Renault 4 hatchback had become available. The R4 was the biggest threat to the 2CV, eventually outselling it. A 1953 technical review in Autocar described "the extraordinary ingenuity of this design, which is undoubtedly the most original since the Model T Ford". In 2011, The Globe and Mail called it a "car like no other". The motoring writer L. J. K. Setright described the 2CV as "the most intelligent application of minimalism ever to succeed as a car", and a car of "remorseless rationality".
The Citroën C3 is a supermini car produced by Citroën since April 2002.
A concept car (also known for as concept vehicle, show vehicle or prototype) is a car made to showcase new styling and/or new technology.
A convertible or cabriolet is a passenger car that can be driven with or without a roof in place.
Coupe de ville — also known as town car, sedanca de ville or coupé de ville — is a car body style produced from 1908 to 1939 with an external or open-topped driver's position and an enclosed compartment for passengers.
The Daihatsu Copen is a 2-door roadster with an aluminium retractable hardtop built by the Japanese car company Daihatsu.
The decibel (symbol: dB) is a unit of measurement used to express the ratio of one value of a physical property to another on a logarithmic scale.
The Fiat 500 is a two-door, four-passenger, transverse front-engine, front-wheel-drive A-segment city car manufactured and marketed by the Fiat subdivision of FCA since 2007 in hatchback coupé and fixed-profile cabriolet body styles, over a single generation — and available in European markets beginning with model year 2016 with its first facelift.
The Ford Bronco is a multi-purpose vehicle (MPV, predating the term SUV) manufactured and marketed by Ford from 1966 to 1996, over five generations of vehicles.
The Ford Fairlane 500 Skyliner (Retractable) is a two-door American full-size car with a retractable hardtop which was produced by Ford in the United States for the model years 1957, 1958 and 1959.
The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927.
The Ford Thunderbird is a rear wheel drive automobile which was manufactured by Ford in the United States over eleven model generations from 1955 through 2005.
A hardtop is a rigid form of automobile roof, which for modern cars is typically constructed from metal.
Heuliez was a French company that worked as a production and design unit for various automakers.
Imperial was the Chrysler Corporation's luxury automobile brand between 1955 and 1975, with a brief reappearance from 1981 to 1983.
The Jaguar E-Type, or the Jaguar XK-E for the North American market, is a British sports car that was manufactured by Jaguar Cars Ltd between 1961 and 1975.
The Jaguar XK (XK, XK8 and XKR) is a two-door grand touring 2+2 manufactured and marketed by Jaguar Cars from 1996-2014 in coupé and convertible bodystyles, across two generations.
The Jeep Wrangler is a series of compact and mid-size (Wrangler Unlimited and Wrangler 4-door JL) four-wheel drive off-road vehicle models, manufactured by Jeep since 1986, and currently migrating from its third into its fourth generation.
Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.
Kei car, K-car, or (pronounced), is the Japanese legal category for the smallest and most limited power, highway-legal motor vehicles, including passenger cars (kei cars or kei-class cars), microvans, and Kei trucks (kei-class pickup trucks).
The Land Rover Defender (initially called the Land Rover Ninety and Land Rover One Ten) is a British four-wheel drive off-road vehicle developed in the 1980s from the original Land Rover Series which was launched at the Amsterdam Motor Show in April 1948.
A landau is a coachbuilding term for a type of four-wheeled, convertible carriage.
A landaulet — also known as landaulette — is a car body style where the rear passengers are covered by a convertible top.
Latex is a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium.
A limousine is a luxury vehicle driven by a chauffeur and with a partition between the driver and the passenger compartment.
The Lincoln Continental is a series of luxury cars produced by Lincoln, a division of the American automaker Ford Motor Company.
The Mazda MX-5, released as the Mazda MX-5 Miata in North America and as the Eunos Roadster or Mazda Roadster in Japan, is a lightweight two-seater roadster with a front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout.
The Mercedes-Benz G-Class, sometimes called G-Wagen (short for Geländewagen, "cross country vehicle"), is a mid-size four-wheel drive luxury SUV manufactured by Magna Steyr (formerly Steyr-Daimler-Puch) in Austria and sold by Mercedes-Benz.
The Mercedes-Benz SL-Class is a grand touring car manufactured by Mercedes since 1954.
The Mercedes-Benz SLC-Class is a compact luxury roadster manufactured by Daimler-Benz in three generations; R170 launched in 1996, the R171 in 2004 and R172 in 2011.
The Mercedes-Benz W 113 is a two-seat roadster/coupé, introduced at the 1963 Geneva Motor Show, and produced from 1963 through 1971.
The Mercedes-Benz W189 model 300 was a four-door luxury tourer produced by Mercedes-Benz between 1957 and 1962.
The MG T series is a range of body-on-frame open two-seater sports cars with very little weather protection that were produced by MG from 1936 to 1955.
The NASCAR Convertible Division was a division of convertible cars early in NASCAR's history, from 1956 until 1959, although the signature race for convertibles remained a Convertible Division race until 1962.
Nash Motors Company was an American automobile manufacturer based in Kenosha, Wisconsin, in the United States from 1916 to 1937.
OASys (Open Air Systems) is a 100% subsidiary of Webasto and produces convertible tops and roof modules.
The Oldsmobile 98 (sometimes spelled Ninety-Eight after 1958) is the full-size flagship model of Oldsmobile that was produced from 1940 until 1996.
The Packard Caribbean was a personal luxury car produced by the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, during model years 1953 through 1956.
A phaeton is a style of open automobile without any fixed weather protection, which was popular from the 1900s until the 1930s.
A pickup truck is a light-duty truck having an enclosed cab and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.
Pillars are the vertical or near vertical supports of a car's window area or greenhouse—designated respectively as the A, B, C or (in larger cars) D-pillar, moving from the front to rear, in profile view.
Pininfarina S.p.A. (short for Carrozzeria Pininfarina) is an Italian car design firm and coachbuilder, with headquarters in Cambiano, (Metropolitan City of Turin), Italy.
Plymouth was a brand of automobiles based in the United States, produced by the Chrysler Corporation and its successor DaimlerChrysler.
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures.
Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
The Porsche 550 was a racing sports car produced by Porsche from 1953-1956.
The Porsche Boxster and Cayman are mid-engined two-seater sports cars built by Porsche.
Pyrotechnics is the science of using materials capable of undergoing self-contained and self-sustained exothermic chemical reactions for the production of heat, light, gas, smoke and/or sound.
The Rambler American is an automobile manufactured by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) between 1958 and 1969.
Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber.
A retractable hardtop — also known as "coupé convertible" or "coupé cabriolet" — is a car with an automatically operated, self-storing hardtop, as opposed to the folding textile-based roof used by traditional convertible cars.
A roadster (spider or spyder) is an open two-seat car with emphasis on sporting appearance or character.
A roll cage is a specially engineered and constructed frame built in (or sometimes around, in which case it is known as an exo cage) the passenger compartment of a vehicle to protect its occupants from being injured in an accident, particularly in the event of a rollover.
A rollover protection system or rollover protection structure (ROPS) is a system or structure intended to protect equipment operators and motorists from injuries caused by vehicle overturns or rollovers.
The Rolls-Royce Corniche is a two-door, front-engine, rear wheel drive five-seater produced by Rolls-Royce Motors as a coupé and convertible from 1971 to 1995.
The Rolls-Royce Phantom V is a large, ultra-exclusive four-door limousine produced by Rolls-Royce Limited from 1959 to 1968.
A roof is part of a building envelope.
A runabout is a car body style that was popular in North America until about 1915.
A sports car, or sportscar, is a small, usually two-seater, two-door automobile designed for spirited performance and nimble handling.
In discrete geometry and mechanics, structural rigidity is a combinatorial theory for predicting the flexibility of ensembles formed by rigid bodies connected by flexible linkages or hinges.
The Studebaker Lark is a compact car which was produced by Studebaker from 1959 to 1966.
An automotive sunroof is a movable (typically glass) panel that is operable to uncover an opening in an automobile roof, which allows light and/or fresh air to enter the passenger compartment.
The Suzuki Jimny is a line of small four-wheel drive off-road cars and mini SUVs made by the Japanese automaker Suzuki produced since April 1970.
The Suzuki Vitara is a compact SUV produced by Suzuki in four generations since 1988.
Targa top, or targa for short, is a semi-convertible car body style with a removable roof section and a full width roll bar behind the seats.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
A Tonneau in automotive terminology is an area of a car or truck open at the top.
In the field of solid mechanics, torsion is the twisting of an object due to an applied torque.
A touring car is an open car seating four or more.
The is a series of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota.
The Triumph Roadster is an automobile which was produced by Britain's Standard Motor Company from 1946 to 1949.
The victoria was an elegant French carriage, possibly based on a phaeton made for George IV.
Vinyl roof refers to a vinyl covering for an automobile's top.
The Volkswagen Eos was a sport compact cabriolet coupé produced by the German automaker Volkswagen from 2006 to 2015.
The Volkswagen New Beetle is a compact car, introduced by Volkswagen in 1997, drawing heavy inspiration from the exterior design of the original Beetle.
Ford produced three cars between 1932 and 1934: the Model B, Model 18 & Model 40.
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