Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Copernican heliocentrism

Index Copernican heliocentrism

Copernican heliocentrism is the name given to the astronomical model developed by Nicolaus Copernicus and published in 1543. [1]

98 relations: Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī, Aberration of light, Ad hoc, Aether (classical element), Al-Battani, Al-Sijzi, Almagest, Andreas Osiander, Anthropocentrism, Apparent retrograde motion, Archimedes, Aristarchus of Samos, Aristotelian physics, Arthur Koestler, Astrolabe, Astronomy, Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world, Averroes, Averroism, Basel, Book of Joshua, Cambridge University Press, Capua, Cicero, Circular orbit, Cleanthes, Commentariolus, Copernican principle, Cosmology, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, Deferent and epicycle, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara, Earth, Eccentricity (mathematics), Equant, Erasmus Reinhold, Eudoxus of Cnidus, Friedrich Bessel, Galileo Galilei, Geocentric model, Georg Joachim Rheticus, Georg von Peuerbach, Gilles Ménage, Giordano Bruno, Giovanni Battista Zupi, Heliocentrism, Heraclides Ponticus, Hicetas, Historiography of science, ..., Ibn al-Shatir, Ilkhanate, Inverse-square law, Isaac Newton, James Bradley, Johannes Kepler, Magnitude (astronomy), Maragheh observatory, Middle Ages, Muʾayyad al-Dīn al-ʿUrḍī, Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Newton's law of universal gravitation, Nicolaus Copernicus, Nikolaus von Schönberg, Nur ad-Din al-Bitruji, Old Testament, Orbit, Otto E. Neugebauer, Parallax, Philolaus, Planet, Plutarch, Pope Paul III, Prutenic Tables, Ptolemaic dynasty, Ptolemy, Pythagoras, Pythagoreanism, Regiomontanus, Rotation around a fixed axis, Scientific modelling, Scientific Revolution, Speed of light, Star, Stellar parallax, Sun, Telescope, Thābit ibn Qurra, The Copernican Revolution (book), The Sand Reckoner, The Sleepwalkers (Koestler book), Thomas Kuhn, Trajectory, Tusi couple, Tycho Brahe, Tychonic system, Universe, Vienna. Expand index (48 more) »

Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī

, also known as Al-Zarkali or Ibn Zarqala (1029–1087), was an Arab Muslim instrument maker, astrologer, and one of the leading astronomers of his time.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī · See more »

Aberration of light

The aberration of light (also referred to as astronomical aberration, stellar aberration, or velocity aberration) is an astronomical phenomenon which produces an apparent motion of celestial objects about their true positions, dependent on the velocity of the observer.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Aberration of light · See more »

Ad hoc

Ad hoc is a Latin phrase meaning literally "for this".

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Ad hoc · See more »

Aether (classical element)

According to ancient and medieval science, aether (αἰθήρ aithēr), also spelled æther or ether and also called quintessence, is the material that fills the region of the universe above the terrestrial sphere.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Aether (classical element) · See more »


Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Jābir ibn Sinān al-Raqqī al-Ḥarrānī aṣ-Ṣābiʾ al-Battānī (Arabic: محمد بن جابر بن سنان البتاني) (Latinized as Albategnius, Albategni or Albatenius) (c. 858 – 929) was an Arab astronomer, astrologer, and mathematician.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Al-Battani · See more »


Abu Sa'id Ahmed ibn Mohammed ibn Abd al-Jalil al-Sijzi (c. 945 - c. 1020, also known as al-Sinjari and al-Sijazi; ابوسعید سجزی; Al-Sijzi is short for "Al-Sijistani") was an Iranian Muslim astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Al-Sijzi · See more »


The Almagest is a 2nd-century Greek-language mathematical and astronomical treatise on the apparent motions of the stars and planetary paths, written by Claudius Ptolemy. One of the most influential scientific texts of all time, its geocentric model was accepted for more than 1200 years from its origin in Hellenistic Alexandria, in the medieval Byzantine and Islamic worlds, and in Western Europe through the Middle Ages and early Renaissance until Copernicus.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Almagest · See more »

Andreas Osiander

Andreas Osiander (19 December 1498 – 17 October 1552) was a German Lutheran theologian and Protestant reformer.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Andreas Osiander · See more »


Anthropocentrism (from Greek ἄνθρωπος, ánthrōpos, "human being"; and κέντρον, kéntron, "center") is the belief that human beings are the most significant entity of the universe.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Anthropocentrism · See more »

Apparent retrograde motion

Apparent retrograde motion is the apparent motion of a planet in a direction opposite to that of other bodies within its system, as observed from a particular vantage point.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Apparent retrograde motion · See more »


Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Archimedes · See more »

Aristarchus of Samos

Aristarchus of Samos (Ἀρίσταρχος ὁ Σάμιος, Aristarkhos ho Samios; c. 310 – c. 230 BC) was an ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician who presented the first known model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it (see Solar system).

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Aristarchus of Samos · See more »

Aristotelian physics

Aristotelian physics is a form of natural science described in the works of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–).

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Aristotelian physics · See more »

Arthur Koestler

Arthur Koestler, (Kösztler Artúr; 5 September 1905 – 1 March 1983) was a Hungarian-British author and journalist.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Arthur Koestler · See more »


An astrolabe (ἀστρολάβος astrolabos; ٱلأَسْطُرلاب al-Asturlāb; اَختِرِیاب Akhteriab) is an elaborate inclinometer, historically used by astronomers and navigators to measure the inclined position in the sky of a celestial body, day or night.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Astrolabe · See more »


Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Astronomy · See more »

Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world

Islamic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (9th–13th centuries), and mostly written in the Arabic language.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world · See more »


Ibn Rushd (ابن رشد; full name; 1126 – 11 December 1198), often Latinized as Averroes, was an Andalusian philosopher and thinker who wrote about many subjects, including philosophy, theology, medicine, astronomy, physics, Islamic jurisprudence and law, and linguistics.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Averroes · See more »


Averroism refers to a school of medieval philosophy based on the application of the works of 12th-century Andalusian Islamic philosopher Averroes, a Muslim commentator on Aristotle, in 13th-century Latin Christian scholasticism.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Averroism · See more »


Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Basel · See more »

Book of Joshua

The Book of Joshua (ספר יהושע) is the sixth book in the Hebrew Bible (the Christian Old Testament) and the first book of the Deuteronomistic history, the story of Israel from the conquest of Canaan to the Babylonian exile.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Book of Joshua · See more »

Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Cambridge University Press · See more »


Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated north of Naples, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Capua · See more »


Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Cicero · See more »

Circular orbit

A circular orbit is the orbit with a fixed distance around the barycenter, that is, in the shape of a circle.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Circular orbit · See more »


Cleanthes (Κλεάνθης Kleanthēs; c. 330 BC – c. 230 BC), of Assos, was a Greek Stoic philosopher and successor to Zeno of Citium as the second head (scholarch) of the Stoic school in Athens.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Cleanthes · See more »


The Commentariolus (Little Commentary) is Nicolaus Copernicus's brief outline of an early version of his revolutionary heliocentric theory of the universe.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Commentariolus · See more »

Copernican principle

In physical cosmology, the Copernican principle, is an alternative name of the mediocrity principle, or the principle of relativity, stating that humans (the Earth, or the Solar system) are not privileged observers of the universe.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Copernican principle · See more »


Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Cosmology · See more »

De revolutionibus orbium coelestium

De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres) is the seminal work on the heliocentric theory of the Renaissance astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543).

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and De revolutionibus orbium coelestium · See more »

Deferent and epicycle

In the Hipparchian and Ptolemaic systems of astronomy, the epicycle (from ἐπίκυκλος, literally upon the circle, meaning circle moving on another circle) was a geometric model used to explain the variations in speed and direction of the apparent motion of the Moon, Sun, and planets.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Deferent and epicycle · See more »

Dictionary of Scientific Biography

The Dictionary of Scientific Biography is a scholarly reference work that was published from 1970 through 1980.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Dictionary of Scientific Biography · See more »

Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara

Domenico Maria Novara (1454–1504) was an Italian scientist.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara · See more »


Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Earth · See more »

Eccentricity (mathematics)

In mathematics, the eccentricity, denoted e or \varepsilon, is a parameter associated with every conic section.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Eccentricity (mathematics) · See more »


Equant (or punctum aequans) is a mathematical concept developed by Claudius Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD to account for the observed motion of the planets.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Equant · See more »

Erasmus Reinhold

Erasmus Reinhold (October 22, 1511 – February 19, 1553) was a German astronomer and mathematician, considered to be the most influential astronomical pedagogue of his generation.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Erasmus Reinhold · See more »

Eudoxus of Cnidus

Eudoxus of Cnidus (Εὔδοξος ὁ Κνίδιος, Eúdoxos ho Knídios) was an ancient Greek astronomer, mathematician, scholar, and student of Archytas and Plato.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Eudoxus of Cnidus · See more »

Friedrich Bessel

Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (22 July 1784 – 17 March 1846) was a German astronomer, mathematician, physicist and geodesist.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Friedrich Bessel · See more »

Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Galileo Galilei · See more »

Geocentric model

In astronomy, the geocentric model (also known as geocentrism, or the Ptolemaic system) is a superseded description of the universe with Earth at the center.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Geocentric model · See more »

Georg Joachim Rheticus

Georg Joachim de Porris, also known as Rheticus (16 February 1514 – 4 December 1574), was a mathematician, astronomer, cartographer, navigational-instrument maker, medical practitioner, and teacher.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Georg Joachim Rheticus · See more »

Georg von Peuerbach

Georg von Peuerbach (also Purbach, Peurbach, Purbachius; born May 30, 1423 – April 8, 1461) was an Austrian astronomer, mathematician and instrument maker, best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Georg von Peuerbach · See more »

Gilles Ménage

Gilles Ménage (15 August 1613 – 23 July 1692) was a French scholar.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Gilles Ménage · See more »

Giordano Bruno

Giordano Bruno (Iordanus Brunus Nolanus; 1548 – 17 February 1600), born Filippo Bruno, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Giordano Bruno · See more »

Giovanni Battista Zupi

Giovanni Battista Zupi or Zupus (c. 1590 – 1650) was an Italian astronomer, mathematician, and Jesuit priest.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Giovanni Battista Zupi · See more »


Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Heliocentrism · See more »

Heraclides Ponticus

Heraclides Ponticus (Ἡρακλείδης ὁ Ποντικός Herakleides; c. 390 BC – c. 310 BC) was a Greek philosopher and astronomer who was born in Heraclea Pontica, now Karadeniz Ereğli, Turkey, and migrated to Athens.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Heraclides Ponticus · See more »


Hicetas (Ἱκέτας or Ἱκέτης; c. 400 – c. 335 BC) was a Greek philosopher of the Pythagorean School.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Hicetas · See more »

Historiography of science

The historiography of science is the study of the history and methodology of the sub-discipline of history, known as the history of science, including its disciplinary aspects and practices (methods, theories, schools) and to the study of its own historical development ("History of History of Science", i.e., the history of the discipline called History of Science).

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Historiography of science · See more »

Ibn al-Shatir

ʿAlāʾ al‐Dīn ʿAlī ibn Ibrāhīm known as Ibn al-Shatir or Ibn ash-Shatir (ابن الشاطر; 1304–1375) was an Arab astronomer, mathematician and engineer.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Ibn al-Shatir · See more »


The Ilkhanate, also spelled Il-khanate (ایلخانان, Ilxānān; Хүлэгийн улс, Hu’legīn Uls), was established as a khanate that formed the southwestern sector of the Mongol Empire, ruled by the Mongol House of Hulagu.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Ilkhanate · See more »

Inverse-square law

The inverse-square law, in physics, is any physical law stating that a specified physical quantity or intensity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the source of that physical quantity.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Inverse-square law · See more »

Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Isaac Newton · See more »

James Bradley

James Bradley FRS (March 1693 – 13 July 1762) was an English astronomer and priest and served as Astronomer Royal from 1742, succeeding Edmond Halley.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and James Bradley · See more »

Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Johannes Kepler · See more »

Magnitude (astronomy)

In astronomy, magnitude is a logarithmic measure of the brightness of an object in a defined passband, often in the visible or infrared spectrum, but sometimes across all wavelengths.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Magnitude (astronomy) · See more »

Maragheh observatory

Maragheh observatory (رصدخانه مراغه), was an institutionalized astronomical observatory which was established in 1259 CE under the patronage of the Ilkhanid Hulagu and the directorship of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, a Persian scientist and astronomer.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Maragheh observatory · See more »

Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Middle Ages · See more »

Muʾayyad al-Dīn al-ʿUrḍī

Al-Urdi (full name: Muʾayyad (al‐Milla wa‐) al‐Dīn (Muʾayyad ibn Barīk) al‐ʿUrḍī (al‐ʿĀmirī al‐Dimašqī) (مؤيد (الملة و) الدين (مؤيد ابن بريك) ألعرضي (العامري الدمشقي d. 1266) was a medieval Syrian-Arab astronomer.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Muʾayyad al-Dīn al-ʿUrḍī · See more »

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi

Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Tūsī (محمد بن محمد بن حسن طوسی‎ 18 February 1201 – 26 June 1274), better known as Nasir al-Din Tusi (نصیر الدین طوسی; or simply Tusi in the West), was a Persian polymath, architect, philosopher, physician, scientist, and theologian.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Nasir al-Din al-Tusi · See more »

Newton's law of universal gravitation

Newton's law of universal gravitation states that a particle attracts every other particle in the universe with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Newton's law of universal gravitation · See more »

Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik; Nikolaus Kopernikus; Niklas Koppernigk; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe, likely independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Nicolaus Copernicus · See more »

Nikolaus von Schönberg

Nikolaus von Schönberg (11 August 1472 – 7 September 1537) was a German Archbishop of Capua.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Nikolaus von Schönberg · See more »

Nur ad-Din al-Bitruji

Nur ad-Din al-Bitruji (also spelled Nur al-Din Ibn Ishaq Al-Betrugi and Abu Ishâk ibn al-Bitrogi; another spelling is al Bidrudschi) (known in the West by the Latinized name of Alpetragius) (died c. 1204) was a Spanish-Arab astronomer and a Qadi in al-Andalus.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Nur ad-Din al-Bitruji · See more »

Old Testament

The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Old Testament · See more »


In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Orbit · See more »

Otto E. Neugebauer

Otto Eduard Neugebauer (May 26, 1899 – February 19, 1990) was an Austrian American mathematician and historian of science who became known for his research on the history of astronomy and the other exact sciences in antiquity and into the Middle Ages.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Otto E. Neugebauer · See more »


Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Parallax · See more »


Philolaus (Φιλόλαος, Philólaos) was a Greek Pythagorean and pre-Socratic philosopher.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Philolaus · See more »


A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Planet · See more »


Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; c. CE 46 – CE 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Plutarch · See more »

Pope Paul III

Pope Paul III (Paulus III; 29 February 1468 – 10 November 1549), born Alessandro Farnese, was Pope from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Pope Paul III · See more »

Prutenic Tables

The Prutenic Tables (Tabulae prutenicae from Prutenia meaning "Prussia", Prutenische oder Preußische Tafeln), were an ephemeris (astronomical tables) by the astronomer Erasmus Reinhold published in 1551.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Prutenic Tables · See more »

Ptolemaic dynasty

The Ptolemaic dynasty (Πτολεμαῖοι, Ptolemaioi), sometimes also known as the Lagids or Lagidae (Λαγίδαι, Lagidai, after Lagus, Ptolemy I's father), was a Macedonian Greek royal family, which ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt during the Hellenistic period.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Ptolemaic dynasty · See more »


Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Ptolemy · See more »


Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher and the eponymous founder of the Pythagoreanism movement.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Pythagoras · See more »


Pythagoreanism originated in the 6th century BC, based on the teachings and beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were considerably influenced by mathematics and mysticism.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Pythagoreanism · See more »


Johannes Müller von Königsberg (6 June 1436 – 6 July 1476), better known as Regiomontanus, was a mathematician and astronomer of the German Renaissance, active in Vienna, Buda and Nuremberg.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Regiomontanus · See more »

Rotation around a fixed axis

Rotation around a fixed axis or about a fixed axis of revolution or motion with respect to a fixed axis of rotation is a special case of rotational motion.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Rotation around a fixed axis · See more »

Scientific modelling

Scientific modelling is a scientific activity, the aim of which is to make a particular part or feature of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualize, or simulate by referencing it to existing and usually commonly accepted knowledge.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Scientific modelling · See more »

Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Scientific Revolution · See more »

Speed of light

The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Speed of light · See more »


A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Star · See more »

Stellar parallax

Stellar parallax is the apparent shift of position of any nearby star (or other object) against the background of distant objects.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Stellar parallax · See more »


The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Sun · See more »


A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Telescope · See more »

Thābit ibn Qurra

(ثابت بن قره, Thebit/Thebith/Tebit; 826 – February 18, 901) was a Syrian Arab Sabian mathematician, physician, astronomer, and translator who lived in Baghdad in the second half of the ninth century during the time of Abbasid Caliphate.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Thābit ibn Qurra · See more »

The Copernican Revolution (book)

The Copernican Revolution is a 1957 book by the philosopher Thomas Kuhn, in which the author provides an analysis of the Copernican Revolution, documenting the pre-Ptolemaic understanding through the Ptolemaic system and its variants until the eventual acceptance of the Keplerian system.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and The Copernican Revolution (book) · See more »

The Sand Reckoner

The Sand Reckoner (Ψαμμίτης, Psammites) is a work by Archimedes in which he set out to determine an upper bound for the number of grains of sand that fit into the universe.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and The Sand Reckoner · See more »

The Sleepwalkers (Koestler book)

The Sleepwalkers: A History of Man's Changing Vision of the Universe is a 1959 book by Arthur Koestler.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and The Sleepwalkers (Koestler book) · See more »

Thomas Kuhn

Thomas Samuel Kuhn (July 18, 1922 – June 17, 1996) was an American physicist, historian and philosopher of science whose controversial 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term paradigm shift, which has since become an English-language idiom.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Thomas Kuhn · See more »


A trajectory or flight path is the path that a massive object in motion follows through space as a function of time.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Trajectory · See more »

Tusi couple

The Tusi couple is a mathematical device in which a small circle rotates inside a larger circle twice the diameter of the smaller circle.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Tusi couple · See more »

Tycho Brahe

Tycho Brahe (born Tyge Ottesen Brahe;. He adopted the Latinized form "Tycho Brahe" (sometimes written Tÿcho) at around age fifteen. The name Tycho comes from Tyche (Τύχη, meaning "luck" in Greek, Roman equivalent: Fortuna), a tutelary deity of fortune and prosperity of ancient Greek city cults. He is now generally referred to as "Tycho," as was common in Scandinavia in his time, rather than by his surname "Brahe" (a spurious appellative form of his name, Tycho de Brahe, only appears much later). 14 December 154624 October 1601) was a Danish nobleman, astronomer, and writer known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Tycho Brahe · See more »

Tychonic system

The Tychonic system (or Tychonian system) is a model of the Solar system published by Tycho Brahe in the late 16th century which combines what he saw as the mathematical benefits of the Copernican system with the philosophical and "physical" benefits of the Ptolemaic system.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Tychonic system · See more »


The Universe is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Universe · See more »


Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

New!!: Copernican heliocentrism and Vienna · See more »

Redirects here:

Copernican System, Copernican model, Copernican theory, Heliocentric theory of the solar system.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copernican_heliocentrism

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »