39 relations: Acetic anhydride, Ammonia, Anhydrous, Aqueous solution, Aromaticity, Catalysis, Coordination polymer, Copper, Copper(II) chloride, Copper(II) oxide, Copper(II) sulfate, Cracking (chemistry), Crystal, Dinitrogen tetroxide, Disulfide, Ethanol, Ethyl acetate, Galvanic cell, Hydrate, Hydrogen bond, Hygroscopy, Inorganic compound, Jahn–Teller effect, Montmorillonite, Nickel(II) nitrate, Nitrate, Nitration, Nitric acid, Organic chemistry, Ostwald process, Polymorphism (materials science), Pyrotechnics, Silver nitrate, Solvation, Sublimation (phase transition), Thiol, Water, Water of crystallization, Zinc nitrate.
Acetic anhydride, or ethanoic anhydride, is the chemical compound with the formula (CH3CO)2O.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water.
An aqueous solution is a solution in which the solvent is water.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
A coordination polymer is an inorganic or organometallic polymer structure containing metal cation centers linked by ligands.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Copper(II) chloride is the chemical compound with the chemical formula CuCl2.
Copper(II) oxide or cupric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula CuO.
Copper(II) sulfate, also known as cupric sulfate, or copper sulphate, is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4(H2O)x, where x can range from 0 to 5.
In petrochemistry, petroleum geology and organic chemistry, cracking is the process whereby complex organic molecules such as kerogens or long-chain hydrocarbons are broken down into simpler molecules such as light hydrocarbons, by the breaking of carbon-carbon bonds in the precursors.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
Dinitrogen tetroxide, commonly referred to as nitrogen tetroxide, is the chemical compound N2O4.
In chemistry, a disulfide refers to a functional group with the structure R−S−S−R′.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethyl acetate (systematically ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula, simplified to.
A galvanic cell, or voltaic cell, named after Luigi Galvani, or Alessandro Volta respectively, is an electrochemical cell that derives electrical energy from spontaneous redox reactions taking place within the cell.
In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
The Jahn–Teller effect (JT effect or JTE) is an important mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking in molecular and solid-state systems which has far-reaching consequences for different fields, and it is related to a variety of applications in spectroscopy, stereochemistry and crystal chemistry, molecular and solid-state physics, and materials science.
Montmorillonite is a very soft phyllosilicate group of minerals that form when they precipitate from water solution as microscopic crystals, known as clay. It is named after Montmorillon in France. Montmorillonite, a member of the smectite group, is a 2:1 clay, meaning that it has two tetrahedral sheets of silica sandwiching a central octahedral sheet of alumina. The particles are plate-shaped with an average diameter around 1 μm and a thickness of 9.6 nm; magnification of about 25,000 times, using an electron microscope, is required to "see" individual clay particles. Members of this group include saponite. Montmorillonite is a subclass of smectite, a 2:1 phyllosilicate mineral characterized as having greater than 50% octahedral charge; its cation exchange capacity is due to isomorphous substitution of Mg for Al in the central alumina plane. The substitution of lower valence cations in such instances leaves the nearby oxygen atoms with a net negative charge that can attract cations. In contrast, beidellite is smectite with greater than 50% tetrahedral charge originating from isomorphous substitution of Al for Si in the silica sheet. The individual crystals of montmorillonite clay are not tightly bound hence water can intervene, causing the clay to swell. The water content of montmorillonite is variable and it increases greatly in volume when it absorbs water. Chemically, it is hydrated sodium calcium aluminium magnesium silicate hydroxide (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2·nH2O. Potassium, iron, and other cations are common substitutes, and the exact ratio of cations varies with source. It often occurs intermixed with chlorite, muscovite, illite, cookeite, and kaolinite.
Nickel nitrate is the inorganic compound Ni(NO3)2 or any hydrate thereof.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Nitration is a general class of chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group into an organic chemical compound.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
The Ostwald process is a chemical process for making nitric acid (HNO3).
In materials science, polymorphism is the ability of a solid material to exist in more than one form or crystal structure.
Pyrotechnics is the science of using materials capable of undergoing self-contained and self-sustained exothermic chemical reactions for the production of heat, light, gas, smoke and/or sound.
Silver nitrate is an inorganic compound with chemical formula.
Solvation describes the interaction of solvent with dissolved molecules.
Sublimation is the transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase, without passing through the intermediate liquid phase.
Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
In chemistry, water of crystallization or water of hydration or crystallization water is water molecules that are present inside crystals.
Zinc nitrate is an inorganic chemical compound with the formula Zn(NO3)2.