92 relations: Alder, Ancient woodland, Anemone, Apical dominance, Argynnini, Basal shoot, Beaver, Beech, Beetle, Biodiversity, Birch, Bodging, Bramble, Browsing (herbivory), Canne de combat, Castanea sativa, Charcoal, Cinnamon, Coarse woody debris, Common nightingale, Conservation in the United Kingdom, Crown sprouting, England and Wales, Epicormic shoot, Eucalyptus, European nightjar, Even-aged timber management, Faggot (unit), Finger joint, Fire ecology, Firewood, Forest management, Forest product, Fraxinus, Fruit tree pruning, Hardwood, Hazel, Henry VIII of England, High forest (woodland), Hops, Hornbeam, Humulus lupulus, Hurdle, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Kent, Layering, Life-cycle assessment, Lignotuber, Living stump, Lumber, ..., Mallee (habit), Mammal, Moringa oleifera, North West England, Oak, Palisade, Plantation, Pollarding, Populus, Primula vulgaris, Protection forest, Pruning, Salix viminalis, Shipbuilding, Shoot, Shorea robusta, Short rotation coppice, Shredding (tree-pruning technique), Silviculture, Silvopasture, Smelting, Stand level modelling, Sussex, Sweet Track, Tanning (leather), Thatching, Thinning, Tilia, Timber framing, Tree stump, Tree topping, Wainwright, Wattle and daub, Wicker, Willow, Willow Biomass Project, Windthrow, Withy, Wood fuel, Woodland, World War II, 39th century BC. Expand index (42 more) » « Shrink index
Alder is the common name of a genus of flowering plants (Alnus) belonging to the birch family Betulaceae.
In the United Kingdom, an ancient woodland is a woodland that has existed continuously since 1600 or before in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (or 1750 in Scotland).
Anemone is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae, native to temperate zones.
Apical dominance is the phenomenon whereby the main, central stem of the plant is dominant over (i.e., grows more strongly than) other side stems; on a branch the main stem of the branch is further dominant over its own side branchlets.
Argynnini is a tribe of butterflies in the subfamily Heliconiinae, containing some of the fritillaries.
Basal shoots, root sprouts, adventitious shoots, water sprouts and suckers are various types of shoots which grow from a bud at the base of a tree or shrub or from adventitious buds in its roots.
The beaver (genus Castor) is a large, primarily nocturnal, semiaquatic rodent.
Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America.
Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera, in the superorder Endopterygota.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.
Bodging (full name Chair-Bodgering) is a traditional woodturning craft, using green (unseasoned) wood to make chair legs and other cylindrical parts of chairs.
In British English, a "bramble" is any rough (usually wild) tangled prickly shrub—specifically the blackberry bush (Rubus fruticosus)—or any hybrid of similar appearance, with thorny stems.
Browsing is a type of herbivory in which a herbivore (or, more narrowly defined, a folivore) feeds on leaves, soft shoots, or fruits of high-growing, generally woody, plants such as shrubs.
Canne de combat is a French martial art.
Castanea sativa, or sweet chestnut, is a species of flowering plant in the family Fagaceae, native to Southern Europe and Asia Minor, and widely cultivated throughout the temperate world.
Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.
Coarse woody debris (CWD) or coarse woody habitat (CWH) refers to fallen dead trees and the remains of large branches on the ground in forests and in rivers or wetlands.
The common nightingale or simply nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos), also known as rufous nightingale, is a small passerine bird best known for its powerful and beautiful song.
This page gives an overview of the complex structure of environmental and cultural conservation in the United Kingdom.
Crown sprouting is the ability of a plant to regenerate its shoot system after destruction (usually by fire) by activating dormant vegetative structures to produce regrowth from the root crown (the junction between the root and shoot portions of a plant).
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
An epicormic shoot is a shoot growing from an epicormic bud, which lies underneath the bark of a trunk, stem, or branch of a plant.
Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
The European nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus), Eurasian nightjar or just nightjar, is a crepuscular and nocturnal bird in the nightjar family that breeds across most of Europe and temperate Asia.
Even-aged timber management is a group of forest management practices employed to achieve a nearly coeval cohort group of forest trees.
A faggot, in the meaning of "bundle", is an archaic English unit applied to bundles of certain items.
A finger joint, also known as a comb or box joint, is a woodworking joint made by cutting a set of complementary rectangular cuts in two pieces of wood, which are then glued, with filler.
Fire ecology is a scientific discipline concerned with natural processes involving fire in an ecosystem and the ecological effects, the interactions between fire and the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem, and the role of fire as an ecosystem process.
Firewood is any wooden material that is gathered and used for fuel.
Forest management is a branch of forestry concerned with overall administrative, economic, legal, and social aspects, as well as scientific and technical aspects, such as silviculture, protection, and forest regulation.
A forest product is any material derived from forestry for direct consumption or commercial use, such as lumber, paper, or forage for livestock.
Fraxinus, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.
Fruit tree pruning is the cutting and removing of selected parts of a fruit tree.
Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.
The hazel (Corylus) is a genus of deciduous trees and large shrubs native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
A high forest is a type of forest originated from seed or from planted seedlings.
Hops are the flowers (also called seed cones or strobiles) of the hop plant Humulus lupulus. They are used primarily as a flavouring and stability agent in beer, to which they impart bitter, zesty, or citric flavours; though they are also used for various purposes in other beverages and herbal medicine.
Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the flowering plant genus Carpinus in the birch family Betulaceae.
Humulus lupulus (common hop or hops) is a species of flowering plant in the Cannabaceae family, native to Europe, western Asia and North America.
A hurdle (UK English, limited US English) is a moveable section of light fence.
Hyacinthoides non-scripta (formerly Endymion non-scriptus or Scilla non-scripta) is a bulbous perennial plant, found in Atlantic areas from north-western Spain to the British Isles, and also frequently used as a garden plant.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
Layering has evolved as a common means of vegetative propagation of numerous species in natural environments.
Life-cycle assessment (LCA, also known as life-cycle analysis, ecobalance, and cradle-to-grave analysis) is a technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling.
A lignotuber is a woody swelling of the root crown possessed by some plants as a protection against destruction of the plant stem, such as by fire.
A living stump is created when a live tree is cut, burned, eaten, or infected, causing its cambium to die above the root system.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
Mallee is the growth habit of certain eucalypt species that grow with multiple stems springing from an underground lignotuber, usually to a height of no more than.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Moringa oleifera is the most widely cultivated species in the genus Moringa, the only genus in the plant family Moringaceae.
North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside.
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.
A palisade—sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.
A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops.
Pollarding, a pruning system involving the removal of the upper branches of a tree, promotes a dense head of foliage and branches.
Populus is a genus of 25–35 species of deciduous flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, native to most of the Northern Hemisphere.
Primula vulgaris, the common primrose is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to western and southern Europe (from the Faroe Islands and Norway south to Portugal, and east to Germany, Ukraine, the Crimea, and the Balkans), northwest Africa (Algeria), and southwest Asia (Turkey east to Iran).
Protection forests are forests that mitigate or prevent the impact of a natural hazard, including a rockfall, avalanche, erosion, landslide, debris flow or flooding on people and their assets in mountainous areas.
Pruning is a horticultural and silvicultural practice involving the selective removal of certain parts of a plant, such as branches, buds, or roots.
Salix viminalis, the basket willow, common osier or osier, is a species of willow native to Europe, Western Asia, and the Himalayas.
Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds.
Shorea robusta, also known as śāl, sakhua or shala tree, is a species of tree belonging to the Dipterocarpaceae family.
Short rotation coppice (SRC) is coppice grown as an energy crop.
Shredding is a traditional European method of tree pruning by which all side branches are removed repeatedly leaving the main trunk and top growth.
Silviculture is the practice of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values.
Silvopasture (Latin, silva forest) or wood pasture, now also known as agroforestry, is the practice of combining woodland (trees) and the grazing of domesticated animals in a mutually beneficial way.
Smelting is a process of applying heat to ore in order to melt out a base metal.
Stand level modelling is a type of modelling in the forest sciences in which the main unit is a forested stand.
Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
The Sweet Track is an ancient causeway in the Somerset Levels, England.
Tanned leather in Marrakesh Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather.
Thatching is the craft of building a roof with dry vegetation such as straw, water reed, sedge (Cladium mariscus), rushes, heather, or palm fronds, layering the vegetation so as to shed water away from the inner roof.
Thinning is a term used in agricultural sciences to mean the removal of some plants, or parts of plants, to make room for the growth of others.
Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs.
After a tree has been cut and felled, the stump or tree stump is usually a small remaining portion of the trunk with the roots still in the ground.
Tree topping is the practice of removing whole tops of trees or large branches and/or trunks from the tops of trees, leaving stubs or lateral branches that are too small to assume the role of a terminal leader.
A wainwright or cartwright is a trades person skilled in the making and repairing of wagons and carts.
Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
Wicker is a technique for making products woven from any one of a variety of cane-like materials, a generic name for the materials used in such manufacture, and a term for the items so produced.
Willows, also called sallows, and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997.
The Willow Biomass Project is a collaborative effort by members of the Salix Consortium to grow willow and other sustainable woody crops in upstate New York.
In forestry, windthrow or blowdown refers to trees uprooted or broken by wind.
A withy or withe is a strong flexible willow stem, typically used in thatching and for gardening.
Wood fuel (or fuelwood) is a fuel, such as firewood, charcoal, chips, sheets, pellets, and sawdust.
Woodland, is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 39th century BC was a century which lasted from the year 3900 BC to 3801 BC.