49 relations: Alphabet, Antiqua (typeface class), Armenian alphabet, Aziz Suryal Atiya, Christian Church, Christianity, Circumflex, Clitic, Common Era, Coptic Encyclopedia, Coptic language, Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Coptic pronunciation reform, Cyrillic script, Demotic (Egyptian), Determinative, Diaeresis (diacritic), Digamma, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Egyptian language, Font, Fraktur, Glyph, Gnosticism, Greek alphabet, Icelandic orthography, Institute of Coptic Studies, Koppa (letter), Latin alphabet, Logogram, Meroitic alphabet, Michael Everson, Nag Hammadi, Nilo-Saharan languages, Old Nubian language, Operating system, Phoenician alphabet, Proto-Sinaitic script, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Religion, Sonorant, Stigma (letter), Syllabic consonant, Transcription (linguistics), Typeface, Uncial script, Unicode, Vowel, Word divider.
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
Antiqua is a style of typeface used to mimic styles of handwriting or calligraphy common during the 15th and 16th centuries.
The Armenian alphabet (Հայոց գրեր Hayoc' grer or Հայոց այբուբեն Hayoc' aybowben; Eastern Armenian:; Western Armenian) is an alphabetical writing system used to write Armenian.
Aziz Suryal Atiya (عزيز سوريال عطية; July 5, 1898 – September 24, 1988) was an Egyptian Coptologist who was a Coptic historian and scholar and an expert in Islamic and Crusades studies.
"Christian Church" is an ecclesiological term generally used by Protestants to refer to the whole group of people belonging to Christianity throughout the history of Christianity.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
A clitic (from Greek κλιτικός klitikos, "inflexional") is a morpheme in morphology and syntax that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
The Coptic Encyclopedia is an eight-volume work covering the history, theology, language, art, architecture, archeology and hagiography of Coptic Egypt.
Coptic or Coptic Egyptian (Bohairic: ti.met.rem.ən.khēmi and Sahidic: t.mənt.rəm.ən.kēme) is the latest stage of the Egyptian language, a northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in Egypt until at least the 17th century.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, ti.eklyseya en.remenkimi en.orthodoxos, literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa and the Middle East.
Coptic pronunciation reform, since 1850, has resulted in two major shifts in the use of Bohairic, the dialect of Coptic used as the liturgical language of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
Demotic (from δημοτικός dēmotikós, "popular") is the ancient Egyptian script derived from northern forms of hieratic used in the Nile Delta, and the stage of the Egyptian language written in this script, following Late Egyptian and preceding Coptic.
A determinative, also known as a taxogram or semagram, is an ideogram used to mark semantic categories of words in logographic scripts which helps to disambiguate interpretation.
The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the tréma (also: trema) or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.
Digamma, waw, or wau (uppercase: Ϝ, lowercase: ϝ, numeral: ϛ) is an archaic letter of the Greek alphabet.
Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt.
The Egyptian language was spoken in ancient Egypt and was a branch of the Afro-Asiatic languages.
In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.
Fraktur is a calligraphic hand of the Latin alphabet and any of several blackletter typefaces derived from this hand.
In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
Gnosticism (from γνωστικός gnostikos, "having knowledge", from γνῶσις, knowledge) is a modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in Jewish-Christian milieus in the first and second century AD.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
Icelandic orthography is the way in which Icelandic words are spelled and how their spelling corresponds with their pronunciation.
The Institute of Coptic Studies (معهد الدراسات القبطية) was founded in 1954 by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
Koppa or qoppa (Ϙ, ϙ; as a modern numeral sign) is a letter that was used in early forms of the Greek alphabet, derived from Phoenician qoph.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
In written language, a logogram or logograph is a written character that represents a word or phrase.
The Meroitic script refers to two alphasyllabaric scripts developed to write the Kushite language at the beginning of the Meroitic Period (3rd century BC) of the Kingdom of Kush.
Michael Everson (born January 9, 1963) is an American and Irish linguist, script encoder, typesetter, font designer, and publisher.
Nag Hammadi (نجع حمادى Najʿ Ḥammādī) is a city in Upper Egypt.
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50–60 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of the Nile meet.
Old Nubian (also called Middle Nubian or Old Nobiin) is an extinct Nubian language, attested in writing from the 8th to the 15th century CE.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.
Proto-Sinaitic, also referred to as Sinaitic, Proto-Canaanite, Old Canaanite, or Canaanite, is a term for both a Middle Bronze Age (Middle Kingdom) script attested in a small corpus of inscriptions found at Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, and the reconstructed common ancestor of the Paleo-Hebrew, Phoenician and South Arabian scripts (and, by extension, of most historical and modern alphabets).
The Ptolemaic Kingdom (Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was a Hellenistic kingdom based in Egypt.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.
Stigma (ϛ) is a ligature of the Greek letters sigma (Σ) and tau (Τ), which was used in writing Greek between the Middle Ages and the 19th century.
A syllabic consonant or vocalic consonant is a consonant that forms a syllable on its own, like the m, n and l in the English words rhythm, button and bottle, or is the nucleus of a syllable, like the r sound in the American pronunciation of work.
Transcription in the linguistic sense is the systematic representation of language in written form.
In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.
Uncial is a majusculeGlaister, Geoffrey Ashall.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
In punctuation, a word divider is a glyph that separates written words.
Copt (script), Coptic (script), Coptic Alphabet, Coptic script, ISO 15924:Copt, Ϣ, Ϥ, Ϧ, Ϩ, Ϫ, Ϭ, Ϯ, Ⲁ, Ⲃ, Ⲅ, Ⲇ, Ⲉ, Ⲋ, Ⲍ, Ⲏ, Ⲑ, Ⲓ, Ⲕ, Ⲗ, Ⲙ, Ⲛ, Ⲝ, Ⲟ, Ⲡ, Ⲣ, Ⲥ, Ⲧ, Ⲩ, Ⲫ, Ⲭ, Ⲯ, Ⲱ, Ⲳ, Ⲵ, Ⲷ, Ⲹ, Ⲻ, Ⲽ, Ⲿ, Ⳁ, Ⳃ, Ⳅ, Ⳇ, Ⳉ, Ⳋ, Ⳍ, Ⳏ, Ⳑ, Ⳓ, Ⳕ, Ⳗ, Ⳙ, Ⳛ, Ⳝ, Ⳟ, Ⳡ, Ⳣ, ⳥, ⳦, ⳪, Ⳬ, Ⳮ, ⳯, ⳰, ⳱, Ⳳ, ⳳ, ⳹, ⳺, ⳻, ⳼, ⳽, ⳾, ⳿.