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The 'Obby 'Oss festival is a folk custom that takes place each May Day in Padstow, a coastal town in the southwest English county of Cornwall.
Alfred Leslie Rowse (4 December 1903 – 3 October 1997) was a British author and historian from Cornwall.
The A30 is a major road in England, running WSW from London to Land's End.
The A38, part of which is also known as the Devon Expressway, is a major A-class trunk road in England.
The A39 is an A road in south west England.
Adam Loveday is a novel by Kate Tremayne, and is the first in the Loveday series of books.
Norman Alan Stewart Gibson (28 May 1923 at Sheffield, Yorkshire – 10 April 1997 at Taunton, Somerset) was an English journalist, writer and radio broadcaster, best known for his work in connection with cricket, though he also sometimes covered football and rugby union.
Ale is a type of beer brewed using a warm fermentation method, resulting in a sweet, full-bodied and fruity taste.
Alexandra Rebecca Parks (born 26 July 1984) is an English singer-songwriter.
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential filmmakers in the history of cinema.
Alfred the Great (Ælfrēd, Ælfrǣd, "elf counsel" or "wise elf"; 849 – 26 October 899) was King of Wessex from 871 to 899.
Allan Octavian Hume, CB ICS (6 June 1829 – 31 July 1912) was a member of the Imperial Civil Service (later the Indian Civil Service), a political reformer, ornithologist and botanist who worked in British India.
Andrew Henry George (born 2 December 1958) is a British Liberal Democrat politician.
Anglo-Cornish (also known as Cornish English, Cornu-English, or Cornish dialect) is a dialect of English spoken in Cornwall by Cornish people.
Anglo-Saxon architecture was a period in the history of architecture in England, and parts of Wales, from the mid-5th century until the Norman Conquest of 1066.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Annales Cambriae (Latin for The Annals of Wales) is the name given to a complex of Cambro-Latin chronicles compiled or derived from diverse sources at St David's in Dyfed, Wales.
Richard David James (born 18 August 1971), best known by his main alias Aphex Twin, is an Irish-born Cornish electronic musician best known for his influential and idiosyncratic work in styles such as ambient techno and IDM during the 1990s.
The Archdeacon of Cornwall is a senior cleric in the Church of England Diocese of Truro.
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.
Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch (21 November 186312 May 1944) was a Cornish writer who published using the pseudonym Q. Although a prolific novelist, he is remembered mainly for the monumental publication The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900 (later extended to 1918) and for his literary criticism.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Asturias (Asturies; Asturias), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
The Atlantic Bronze Age is a cultural complex of the Bronze Age period of approximately 1300–700 BC that includes different cultures in Portugal, Andalusia, Galicia, France, Britain and Ireland.
In development or moral, political, and bioethical philosophy, autonomy is the capacity to make an informed, un-coerced decision.
Æthelstan or Athelstan (Old English: Æþelstan, or Æðelstān, meaning "noble stone"; 89427 October 939) was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to 939.
Dame Jocelyn Barbara Hepworth DBE (10 January 1903 – 20 May 1975) was an English artist and sculptor.
Barnstaple is the main town of North Devon, England and possibly the oldest borough in the United Kingdom.
The Battle of Deorham (or Dyrham) was a decisive military encounter between the West Saxons and the Britons of the West Country in 577.
The Battle of Hehil was a battle won by a force of Britons, probably against the Anglo-Saxons of Wessex around the year 720.
The Battle of Hingston Down took place in 838 at Hingston Down in Cornwall between a combined force of Cornish and Vikings on the one side, and West Saxons led by Egbert, King of Wessex on the other.
Béroul was a Norman poet of the 12th century.
BBC Sport is a department of the BBC North division providing national sports coverage for BBC Television, radio and online.
Beating the bounds is an ancient custom still observed in some English and Welsh parishes.
Benjamin Lauder Nicholson, OM (10 April 1894 – 6 February 1982) was an English painter of abstract compositions (sometimes in low relief), landscape and still-life.
Benjamin Dieter Salfield (born 1971) is an English lutenist, composer, teacher and promoter.
Bernard Howell Leach (5 January 1887 – 6 May 1979), was a British studio potter and art teacher.
A biodiversity action plan (BAP) is an internationally recognized program addressing threatened species and habitats and is designed to protect and restore biological systems.
The Bishop of Cornwall was an episcopal title which was used by Anglo Saxons between the 9th and 11th centuries.
The Bishop of Salisbury is the ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese of Salisbury in the Province of Canterbury.
Bodmin (Bosvena) is a civil parish and historic town in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The Bodmin manumissions are records included in a manuscript Gospel book, the Bodmin Gospels or St Petroc Gospels, British Library, Additional MS 9381.
Bodmin Moor (Goon Brenn) is a granite moorland in northeastern Cornwall, England.
The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, Anglican realignment and other Anglican Christian churches.
Boscastle (Kastel Boterel) is a village and fishing port on the north coast of Cornwall, England, UK, in the civil parish of Forrabury and Minster (where the 2011 Census population was included).
The boundary commissions in the United Kingdom are non-departmental public bodies responsible for determining the boundaries of constituencies for elections to the House of Commons, the Scottish Parliament and the National Assembly for Wales.
Breton (brezhoneg or in Morbihan) is a Southwestern Brittonic Celtic language spoken in Brittany.
The Bretons (Bretoned) are a Celtic ethnic group located in the region of Brittany in France.
A British brass band is a musical ensemble comprising a standardized range of brass and percussion instruments.
The British Iron Age is a conventional name used in the archaeology of Great Britain, referring to the prehistoric and protohistoric phases of the Iron Age culture of the main island and the smaller islands, typically excluding prehistoric Ireland, which had an independent Iron Age culture of its own.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
The Brittonic, Brythonic or British Celtic languages (ieithoedd Brythonaidd/Prydeinig; yethow brythonek/predennek; yezhoù predenek) form one of the two branches of the Insular Celtic language family; the other is Goidelic.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Bronze Age Britain is an era of British history that spanned from c. 2500 until c. 800 BC.
Bryan Herbert Wynter (8 September 1915 – 2 February 1975) was one of the St. Ives group of British painters.
Bude (Porthbud) is a small seaside resort town in north Cornwall, England, UK, in the civil parish of Bude-Stratton and at the mouth of the River Neet (also known locally as the River Strat).
Callington (Kelliwik) is a civil parish and town in south-east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom about north of Saltash and south of Launceston.
Callywith College is a Further Education college in Bodmin, Cornwall, opened in September 2017 to students.
Camborne (Kammbronn) is a town in west Cornwall, United Kingdom.
The Camborne School of Mines (Cornish: Scoll Balow Cambron), commonly abbreviated to CSM, was founded in 1888.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
A cantref (plural cantrefi) was a medieval Welsh land division, particularly important in the administration of Welsh law.
Caradon was a local government district in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that spans 60 million years from the end of the Devonian Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Permian Period, Mya.
Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom.
Carn Brea (Karnbre) is a civil parish and hilltop site in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Carnmenellis Hill (or just Carnmenellis) gives its name to the area of west Cornwall in England, between Redruth, Helston and Penryn.
Carrick (Karrek) was a local government district in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The Britons, also known as Celtic Britons or Ancient Britons, were Celtic people who inhabited Great Britain from the British Iron Age into the Middle Ages, at which point their culture and language diverged into the modern Welsh, Cornish and Bretons (among others).
Celtic Christianity or Insular Christianity refers broadly to certain features of Christianity that were common, or held to be common, across the Celtic-speaking world during the Early Middle Ages.
The International Celtic Congress (Ar C'hendalc'h Keltiek, An Guntelles Keltek, Yn Cohaglym Celtiagh, A' Chòmhdhail Cheilteach, An Chomhdháil Cheilteach, Y Gyngres Geltaidd) is a cultural organisation that seeks to promote the Celtic languages of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Brittany, Cornwall and the Isle of Man.
The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
The Celtic League is a pan-Celtic organisation, founded in 1961, that aims to promote modern Celtic identity and culture in Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Brittany, Cornwall and the Isle of Man – referred to as the Celtic nations; it places particular emphasis on promoting the Celtic languages of those nations.
The Celtic nations are territories in western Europe where Celtic languages or cultural traits have survived.
The Celtic Sea (An Mhuir Cheilteach; Y Môr Celtaidd; An Mor Keltek; Ar Mor Keltiek; La mer Celtique) is the area of the Atlantic Ocean off the south coast of Ireland bounded to the east by Saint George's Channel; other limits include the Bristol Channel, the English Channel, and the Bay of Biscay, as well as adjacent portions of Wales, Cornwall, Devon, and Brittany.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.
Charles Stanley Causley, CBE, FRSL (24 August 1917 – 4 November 2003) was a Cornish poet, schoolmaster and writer.
Charles de Lint (born December 22, 1951) is a Canadian writer of Dutch origins.
Antony Charles Thomas, CBE, FSA (26 April 1928 – 7 April 2016)Who's Who was a British historian and archaeologist who was Professor of Cornish Studies at Exeter University, and the first Director of the Institute of Cornish Studies, from 1971 until his retirement in 1991.
Cider is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of apples.
City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.
In the history of Rome, the Latin term civitas (plural civitates), according to Cicero in the time of the late Roman Republic, was the social body of the cives, or citizens, united by law (concilium coetusque hominum jure sociati).
Cladonia rangiferina, also known as reindeer lichen (c.p. Sw. renlav), lat., is a light-colored, fruticose lichen belonging to the Cladoniaceae family.
Clotted cream (sometimes called scalded, clouted, Devonshire or Cornish cream) is a thick cream made by indirectly heating full-cream cow's milk using steam or a water bath and then leaving it in shallow pans to cool slowly.
Colin Henry Wilson (26 June 1931 – 5 December 2013) was an English writer, philosopher and novelist.
The Combined Universities in Cornwall (CUC) (Pennskolyow Kesunys yn Kernow) is a project to provide higher education in Cornwall, England, which is one of the poorest areas of the United Kingdom in terms of GVA per capita.
Common Brittonic was an ancient Celtic language spoken in Britain.
The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.
In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.
Conan was a medieval Bishop of Cornwall.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Constantine (Lann Gostentin, meaning church enclosure of St Constantine) is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Cornwall is an administrative county of England.
A Cornish Assembly (Senedh Kernow) is a proposed devolved law-making assembly for Cornwall along the lines of the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales and the Northern Ireland Assembly in the United Kingdom.
The Cornish diaspora consists of Cornish people and their descendants who emigrated from Cornwall, Britain.
A Cornish fairing is a type of traditional ginger biscuit commonly found in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Hurling or Hurling the Silver Ball (Hurlian), is an outdoor team game played only in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
Cornish (Kernowek) is a revived language that became extinct as a first language in the late 18th century.
Cornish literature refers to written works in the Cornish language.
Cornish nationalism is a cultural, political and social movement that seeks the recognition of Cornwall – the south-westernmost part of the island of Great Britain – as a nation distinct from England.
The Cornish Nationalist Party (CNP; An Parti Kenethlegek Kernow) is a political party, founded by Dr James Whetter, who campaigned for independence for Cornwall.
The Cornish people or Cornish (Kernowyon) are an ethnic group native to, or associated with Cornwall: and a recognised national minority in the United Kingdom, which can trace its roots to the ancient Britons who inhabited southern and central Great Britain before the Roman conquest.
The Cornish pilot gig is a six-oared rowing boat, built of Cornish narrow leaf elm, long with a beam of.
The Cornish rebellion of 1497 (Cornish: Rebellyans Kernow) was a popular uprising by the people of Cornwall.
Cornish wrestling (Omdowl Kernewek) is a form of wrestling which has been established in Cornwall for several centuries.
Cornouaille (Kernev or Kerne) is a historic region of Brittany in northwestern France.
The Cornovii is a hypothetical name for a tribe who would have been part of the Dumnonii, a Celtic tribe inhabiting the South West peninsula of Great Britain, during some part of the Iron Age, Roman and post-Roman periods.
The Cornubian batholith is a large mass of granite rock, formed about 280 million years ago, which lies beneath much of the south-western peninsula of Great Britain.
Cornwall Airport Newquay is the main commercial airport for Cornwall.
The Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty covers in Cornwall, England, UK; that is, about 27% of the total area of the county.
Cornwall College (Kollji Kernow) is a further education college situated on various sites throughout Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, with its main centre in St Austell.
Cornwall Council (Konsel Kernow) is the unitary authority for the county of Cornwall in the United Kingdom, not including the Isles of Scilly, which has its own council.
The Cornwall Council election, 2009, was an election for all 123 seats on the council.
Cornwall County Cricket Club is one of twenty minor county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales.
The Cornwall County Football Association, also known as the Cornwall FA, is the governing body of football in the county of Cornwall.
The Cornwall Shinty Club is a shinty club from Cornwall in the UK.
Costeaning is the process by which miners seek to discover metallic lodes.
The Council of the Isles of Scilly is a sui generis unitary local government authority covering the Isles of Scilly off the west coast of Cornwall.
A county town in Great Britain or Ireland is usually, but not always, the location of administrative or judicial functions within the county.
Crackington Haven (Porthkragen, meaning "cove of the little crag") is a coastal village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
A cream tea (also known as a Devon cream tea, Devonshire tea, or Cornish cream tea) is a form of afternoon tea light meal, consisting of tea taken with a combination of scones, clotted cream, and jam.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
The Culm Measures are a thick sequence of geological strata originating during the Carboniferous Period that occur in south-west England, principally in Devon and Cornwall, now known as the Culm Supergroup.
The culture of Cornwall (Gonisogeth Kernow) forms part of the culture of the United Kingdom, but has distinct customs, traditions and peculiarities.
Herman Melville, Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer, Lev Shestov, Walt Whitman | influenced.
Donald Michael Thomas, known as D. M. Thomas (born 27 January 1935), is a British novelist, poet, playwright and translator.
Daniel John Rogerson (born 23 July 1975, St Austell) is a British Liberal Democrat politician.
Dame Daphne du Maurier, Lady Browning, (13 May 1907 – 19 April 1989) was an English author and playwright.
Dartmoor is a moor in southern Devon, England.
Davies Gilbert (born Davies Giddy, 6 March 1767 – 24 December 1839) was a Cornish engineer, author, and politician.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
Derek Gordon Thomas is a British Conservative Party politician.
In the United Kingdom, devolution (fèin-riaghlaidh, datganoli; Irish: Dílárú) refers to the statutory granting of powers from the Parliament of the United Kingdom to the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the London Assembly and to their associated executive bodies the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government, the Northern Ireland Executive and in England, the Greater London Authority and combined authorities.
Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.
Devon and Cornwall Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing the counties of Devon and Cornwall, including the unitary authority areas of Plymouth, Torbay and the Isles of Scilly.
The Devonian is a geologic period and system of the Paleozoic, spanning 60 million years from the end of the Silurian, million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Carboniferous, Mya.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
The Diocese of Exeter is a Church of England diocese covering the county of Devon.
The Diocese of Truro is a Church of England diocese in the Province of Canterbury which covers Cornwall, the Isles of Scilly and a small part of Devon.
Diodorus Siculus (Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης Diodoros Sikeliotes) (1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian.
Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.
Domnonée is the modern French form of Domnonia or Dumnonia (Latin for "Devon"; Domnonea), an historic kingdom in northern Armorica (Brittany) founded by British immigrants from Dumnonia (Sub-Roman Devon) fleeing the Saxon invasions of Britain in the early Middle Ages.
Donyarth (Doniert) or Dungarth (died 875) was the last recorded king of Cornwall.
Douglas Edward Reeman (15 October 1924 – 23 January 2017), who also used the pseudonym Alexander Kent, was a British author who wote many historical novels about the Royal Navy, mainly set during either World War II or the Napoleonic Wars.
The Duchy of Cornwall (Duketh Kernow) is one of two royal duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Lancaster.
Dumnonia is the Latinised name for the Brythonic kingdom in Sub-Roman Britain between the late 4th and late 8th centuries, in what is now the more westerly parts of South West England.
The Dumnonii or Dumnones were a British tribe who inhabited Dumnonia, the area now known as Devon and Cornwall (and some areas of present-day Dorset and Somerset) in the further parts of the South West peninsula of Britain, from at least the Iron Age up to the early Saxon period.
Eahlstan was a medieval Bishop of Sherborne.
Ecclesiastical polity is the operational and governance structure of a church or of a Christian denomination.
The economy of Cornwall in South West England, is largely dependent upon agriculture followed by tourism.
The Eden Project (Edenva) is a popular visitor attraction in Cornwall, England, UK.
Edith Ditmas (1896 – 28 February 1986) was a British archivist, historian and writer.
Colonel Edward Thomas Bolitho, OBE (born 30 December 1955), elder son of Major Simon Bolitho MC, served as a Deputy Lieutenant of Cornwall from 2008 until his appointment in September 2011 as Lord-Lieutenant.
Bror Oscar Eilert Ekwall (born 8 January 1877 in Vallsjö (now in Sävsjö, Jönköpings län, Sweden, died 23 November 1964 in Lund, Skåne län, Sweden), known as Eilert Ekwall, was Professor of English at Sweden's Lund University from 1909 to 1942 and was one of the outstanding scholars of the English language in the first half of the 20th century. He wrote works on the history of English, but he is best known as the author of numerous important books on English placenames (in the broadest sense) and personal names.
Elizabeth Adela Forbes (née Armstrong; 29 December 1859 – 16 March 1912) was a Canadian painter who was primarily active in the UK.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The English Shinty Association (ESA) is the main body for promoting and encouraging the sport of shinty in England.
In jurisdictions following the English common law system, equity is the body of law which was developed in the English Court of Chancery and which is now administered concurrently with the common law.
Erica vagans (Cornish heath, wandering heath) is a species of flowering plant in the family Ericaceae, native to Ireland, Cornwall, western France and Spain.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).
Exeter Airport, formerly Exeter International Airport, is an airport located at Clyst Honiton in the District of East Devon close to the city of Exeter and within the county of Devon, South West England.
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.
Falmouth University (Pennskol Aberfala) is a specialist University for the creative industries based in Falmouth and Penryn, Cornwall, England.
Falmouth (Aberfala) is a town, civil parish and port on the River Fal on the south coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Fame Academy is a British television talent competition to search for and educate new musical talents.
The Festival Interceltique de Lorient (French), Gouelioù Etrekeltiek An Oriant (Breton) or Inter-Celtic Festival of Lorient in English, is an annual Celtic festival, located in the city of Lorient, Brittany, France.
Fiber to the x (FTTX) or fiber in the loop is a generic term for any broadband network architecture using optical fiber to provide all or part of the local loop used for last mile telecommunications.
The Firth of Forth (Linne Foirthe) is the estuary (firth) of several Scottish rivers including the River Forth.
Fishing in Cornwall, England, UK, has traditionally been one of the main elements of the economy of the county.
Fistral Beach is in Fistral Bay (Porth an Vystel, meaning cove of the foul water) on the north coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
In a number of countries, plants have been chosen as symbols to represent specific geographic areas.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
Fowey (Fowydh, meaning 'Beech Trees') is a small town, civil parish and cargo port at the mouth of the River Fowey in south Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM) is a multilateral treaty of the Council of Europe aimed at protecting the rights of minorities.
Frederick Hamilton Davey (1868–1915) was an amateur botanist who devoted most of his leisure time to the study of the flora of Cornwall.
Frenchman's Creek is a 1941 historical novel by Daphne du Maurier.
Fudge is a type of sugar candy that is made by mixing sugar, butter and milk, heating it to the soft-ball stage at, and then beating the mixture while it cools so that it acquires a smooth, creamy consistency.
The Furry Dance (pronounced /ˈfʌri/), takes place in Helston, Cornwall, UK.
Gafulford (alternatively Gafulforda, Gafolforda or Gavelford) is the site of a battle in South West England known from the first entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for 823 AD (usually corrected to 825 AD): "Her waes Weala gefeoht Defna aet Gafulford".
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
Geoffrey of Monmouth (Galfridus Monemutensis, Galfridus Arturus, Gruffudd ap Arthur, Sieffre o Fynwy; c. 1095 – c. 1155) was a British cleric and one of the major figures in the development of British historiography and the popularity of tales of King Arthur.
Three European Union schemes of geographical indications and traditional specialties, known as protected designation of origin (PDO), protected geographical indication (PGI), and traditional specialities guaranteed (TSG), promote and protect names of quality agricultural products and foodstuffs.
Geological resistance is a measure of how well minerals resist erosive factors, and is primarily based on hardness, chemical reactivity and cohesion.
George Clement Boase (20 October 1829, in Penzance – 1 October 1897, in Lewisham) was an English bibliographer and antiquary.
Charles George Eustice (born 28 September 1971), known as George Eustice, is a British Conservative Party politician, who was first elected at the 2010 general election as the Member of Parliament for Camborne and Redruth, winning by just 66 votes.
Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian-era theatrical partnership of the dramatist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and the composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900) and to the works they jointly created.
Gilbert Hunter Doble (26 November 1880 – 15 April 1945) was an Anglican priest and Cornish historian and hagiographer.
Glasney College (Kolji Glasneth) was founded in 1265 at Penryn, Cornwall, England, by Bishop Bronescombe and was a centre of ecclesiastical power in medieval Cornwall and probably the best known and most important of Cornwall's religious institutions.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha; cànanan Goidhealach; çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.
A gold rush is a new discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare earth minerals—that brings an onrush of miners seeking their fortune.
Gorran Haven is a fishing village on the south coast of Cornwall, England, UK.
Gossan (eiserner hut or eisenhut) is intensely oxidized, weathered or decomposed rock, usually the upper and exposed part of an ore deposit or mineral vein.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
The city of Grass Valley is the largest city in the western region of Nevada County, California, United States.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
In economics, gross value added (GVA) is the measure of the value of goods and services produced in an area, industry or sector of an economy.
The Gulf Stream, together with its northern extension the North Atlantic Drift, is a warm and swift Atlantic ocean current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico and stretches to the tip of Florida, and follows the eastern coastlines of the United States and Newfoundland before crossing the Atlantic Ocean.
A gunnies, gunnis, or gunniss is the space left in a mine after the extraction by stoping of a vertical or near vertical ore-bearing lode.
Gyllyngvase (An Gilen Vas, meaning the shallow inlet) is one of the four beaches associated with Falmouth, Cornwall, United Kingdom, south of Pendennis Castle.
Ralph Hammond Innes, CBE (15 July 1913 – 10 June 1998) was a British novelist who wrote over 30 novels, as well as children's and travel books.
The Hamoaze is an estuarine stretch of the tidal River Tamar, between its confluence with the River Lynher and Plymouth Sound, England.
Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.
A hardiness zone is a geographic area defined to encompass a certain range of climatic conditions relevant to plant growth and survival.
Harold Godwinson (– 14 October 1066), often called Harold II, was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England.
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows is a fantasy book written by British author J. K. Rowling and the seventh and final novel of the Harry Potter series.
The Hayle Estuary (Heyl, meaning estuary) is an estuary in west Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Heavy cake or Hevva cake (Hevva) is a cake made from flour, lard, butter, milk, sugar and raisins that originated in Cornwall.
Helston (Hellys) is a town and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Helston Town Band is a brass band in the Cornish town of Helston.
Henry Jenner (8 August 1848 – 8 May 1934) was a British scholar of the Celtic languages, a Cornish cultural activist, and the chief originator of the Cornish language revival.
Hensbarrow is a natural region in the county of Cornwall, England, UK, that has been recognized as National Character Area 154 by Natural England.
Heraldry is a broad term, encompassing the design, display, and study of armorial bearings (known as armory), as well as related disciplines, such as vexillology, together with the study of ceremony, rank, and pedigree.
Hereward the Wake: Last of the English (also published as Hereward, the Last of the English) is an 1866 novel by Charles Kingsley.
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 AD and lasted until around 1250 AD.
Hingston Down is a hill not far from Gunnislake in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Historia regum Britanniae (The History of the Kings of Britain), originally called De gestis Britonum (On the Deeds of the Britons), is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written around 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth.
The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others.
The Historic England Archive is the public archive of Historic England, located in The Engine House on Fire Fly Avenue in Swindon, formerly part of the Swindon Works of the Great Western Railway.
The history of Cornwall begins with the pre-Roman inhabitants, including speakers of a Celtic language, Common Brittonic, that would develop into Southwestern Brittonic and then the Cornish language.
A holy well or sacred spring is a spring or other small body of water revered either in a Christian or pagan context, sometimes both.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Hurling (iománaíocht, iomáint) is an outdoor team game of ancient Gaelic and Irish origin.
Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert.
Presented below is an alphabetical index of articles related to Cornwall.
Ine was King of Wessex from 688 to 726.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel (9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859), was an English mechanical and civil engineer who is considered "one of the most ingenious and prolific figures in engineering history", "one of the 19th-century engineering giants", and "one of the greatest figures of the Industrial Revolution, changed the face of the English landscape with his groundbreaking designs and ingenious constructions".
The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Isle of Man Government (Reiltys Ellan Vannin) is the government of the Isle of Man.
The Isle of Man Post Office (Oik Postagh Ellan Vannin), which formerly used the trading name Isle of Man Post, operates postal collection, ancillary mail services, philatelic goods and delivery services and post office counter services on the Isle of Man.
The Isles of Scilly (Syllan or Enesek Syllan) is an archipelago off the southwestern tip of Cornwall.
Joanne Rowling, ("rolling";Rowling, J.K. (16 February 2007).. Accio Quote (accio-quote.org). Retrieved 28 April 2008. born 31 July 1965), writing under the pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith, is a British novelist, philanthropist, film and television producer and screenwriter best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series.
Reginald John Clemo (Jack Clemo) (11 March 1916 – 25 July 1994) was a British poet and writer who was strongly associated both with his native Cornwall and his strong Christian belief.
"Jack the Giant Killer" is an English fairy tale and legend about a young adult who slays a number of giants during King Arthur's reign.
Jamaica Inn is a novel by the English writer Daphne du Maurier, first published in 1936.
James Trevor Oliver (born 27 May 1975) is an English chef and restaurateur.
Jamie's Kitchen is a five-part British documentary television series that aired on Channel 4 from 5 November to 12 December 2002.
Sir John Betjeman (28 August 190619 May 1984) was an English poet, writer, and broadcaster who described himself in Who's Who as a "poet and hack".
John Capgrave (21 April 1393 – 12 August 1464) was an English historian, hagiographer and scholastic theologian.
David John Moore Cornwell (born 19 October 1931), better known by the pen name John le Carré, is a British author of espionage novels.
John T. Koch is an American academic, historian and linguist who specializes in Celtic studies, especially prehistory and the early Middle Ages.
John Douglas Torode (born 23 July 1965) is an Australian celebrity chef.
John Wesley (2 March 1791) was an English cleric and theologian who, with his brother Charles and fellow cleric George Whitefield, founded Methodism.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Kaolinite is a clay mineral, part of the group of industrial minerals, with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4.
Kate Tremayne is a British novelist from East Tilbury in Essex.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kerrier (Keryer) was a local government district in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries.
Kynance Cove (Porth Keynans, meaning ravine cove) is a cove on the eastern side of Mount's Bay, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Samuel John "Lamorna" Birch, RA, RWS (7 June 1869 – 7 January 1955) was an English artist in oils and watercolours.
Land's End (Penn an Wlas or Pedn an Wlas) is a headland and holiday complex in western Cornwall, England.
Land's End Airport, situated near St Just in Penwith, west of Penzance, in Cornwall, is the most south westerly airport of mainland Britain.
Lanherne is an historic manor in the parish of St Mawgan in Pydar, in Cornwall, England.
Lanner (Lannergh) is a village and civil parish in west Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Latinisation or Latinization is the practice of rendering a non-Latin name (or word) in a Latin style.
Launceston (or, locally or, (Lannstevan; (rarely spelled Lanson as a local abbreviation) is a town, ancient borough, and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is one mile (1.6 km) west of the middle stage of the River Tamar, which constitutes almost the entire border between Cornwall and Devon. The landscape of the town is generally steep particularly at a sharp south-western knoll topped by Launceston Castle. These gradients fall down to the River Kensey and smaller tributaries. The town centre itself is bypassed and is no longer physically a main thoroughfare. The A388 still runs through the town close to the centre. The town remains figuratively the "gateway to Cornwall", due to having the A30, one of the two dual carriageways into the county pass directly next to the town. The other dual carriageway and alternative main point of entry is at Saltash over the Tamar Bridge and was completed in 1962. There are smaller points of entry to Cornwall on minor roads. Launceston Steam Railway narrow-gauge heritage railway runs as a tourist attraction during the summer months. It was restored for aesthetic and industrial heritage purposes and runs along a short rural route, it is popular with visitors but does not run for much of the year. Launceston Castle was built by Robert, Count of Mortain (half-brother of William the Conqueror) 1070 to control the surrounding area. Launceston was the caput of the feudal barony of Launceston and of the Earldom of Cornwall until replaced by Lostwithiel in the 13th century. Launceston was later the county town of Cornwall until 1835 when Bodmin replaced it. Two civil parishes serve the town and its outskirts, of which the central more built-up administrative unit housed 8,952 residents at the 2011 census. Three electoral wards include reference to the town, their total population, from 2011 census data, being 11,837 and two ecclesiastical parishes serve the former single parish, with three churches and a large swathe of land to the north and west part of the area. Launceston's motto "Royale et Loyale" (English translation: Royal and Loyal) is a reference to its adherence to the Cavalier cause during the English Civil War of the mid-17th century.
Robert Laurence Binyon, CH (10 August 1869 – 10 March 1943) was an English poet, dramatist and art scholar.
Lawhitton (Nansgwydhenn) is a village in the civil parish of Lawhitton Rural, in east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.
The Liberal Party is a British political party that was founded in 1989 by members of the original Liberal Party opposed to its merger with the Social Democratic Party (SDP) to form the Liberal Democrats.
This is a list of Cornish saints, including saints more loosely associated with Cornwall: many of them will have links to sites elsewhere in regions with significant ancient British history, such as Wales, Brittany or Devon.
The ceremonial county of Cornwall, which includes the Isles of Scilly, is divided into six Parliamentary constituencies.
There are dozens of commonly played sports that involve water.
The Lizard Complex, Cornwall is generally accepted to represent a preserved example of an exposed ophiolite complex in the United Kingdom.
Lizard Point in Cornwall is at the southern tip of the Lizard Peninsula.
Looe (Logh, "deep water inlet") is a small coastal town, fishing port and civil parish in south-east Cornwall, England, with a population of 5,280 at the 2011 census.
Luke Vibert is a British recording artist and producer known for his work in many subgenres of electronic music.
A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.
(Florence) Mabel Quiller-Couch (c. 1866, Cornwall – November 1924) was an English editor, compiler and children's writer.
Mark of Cornwall (Latin Marcus, Cornish Margh, Welsh March, Breton Marc'h) was a king of Kernow (Cornwall) in the early 6th century.
Marsland Valley is a nature reserve situated in two large valleys which straddle the northern end of the Devon-Cornwall border.
Mary Wesley, CBE (24 June 191230 December 2002) was an English novelist.
MasterChef is a BBC television competitive cooking show.
The Matter of Britain is the body of Medieval literature and legendary material associated with Great Britain, and sometimes Brittany, and the legendary kings and heroes associated with it, particularly King Arthur.
Mead (archaic and dialectal meath or meathe, from Old English medu) is an alcoholic beverage created by fermenting honey with water, sometimes with various fruits, spices, grains, or hops.
Mebyon Kernow – The Party for Cornwall (MK; Cornish for Sons of Cornwall) is a Cornish nationalist, centre-left political party in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
Menabilly (Men Ebeli, meaning stone of colts) is a historic estate on the south coast of Cornwall, England, situated within the parish of Tywardreath on the Gribben peninsula about west of Fowey.
In Old World archaeology, Mesolithic (Greek: μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between the Upper Paleolithic and the Neolithic.
Metamorphism is the change of minerals or geologic texture (distinct arrangement of minerals) in pre-existing rocks (protoliths), without the protolith melting into liquid magma (a solid-state change).
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
Michael (translit; translit; Michahel;ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ, translit) is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Mining in Cornwall and Devon, in the south west of England, began in the early Bronze Age, around 2150 BC, and ended (at least temporarily) with the closure of South Crofty tin mine in Cornwall in 1998.
The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) is the UK Government department for Housing, communities and local government in England.
The Minor Counties are the cricketing counties of England and Wales that are not afforded first-class status.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.
Monica Furlong (17 January 1930 – 14 January 2003) was a British author, journalist, and activist.
Moorland or moor is a type of habitat found in upland areas in temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands and montane grasslands and shrublands biomes, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidic soils.
Mummers' Plays are folk plays performed by troupes of amateur actors, traditionally all male, known as mummers or guisers (also by local names such as rhymers, pace-eggers, soulers, tipteerers, wrenboys, and galoshins).
My Cousin Rachel is a novel by British author Daphne du Maurier, published in 1951.
The National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru; commonly known as the Welsh Assembly) is a devolved parliament with power to make legislation in Wales.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the publicly funded national healthcare system for England and one of the four National Health Services for each constituent country of the United Kingdom.
Naum Gabo, born Naum Neemia Pevsner (23 August 1977) (Hebrew: נחום נחמיה פבזנר), was an influential sculptor, theorist, and key figure in Russia's post-Revolution avant-garde and the subsequent development of twentieth-century sculpture.
Newlyn (Lulyn: Lu 'fleet', Lynn/Lydn 'pool') is a seaside town and fishing port in south-west Cornwall, UK.
The Newlyn School was an art colony of artists based in or near Newlyn, a fishing village adjacent to Penzance, Cornwall, from the 1880s until the early twentieth century.
Newquay (Tewynblustri) is a town in the south west of England, in the United Kingdom.
Nicholas Orme (living 2016) is a British historian specialising in the Middle Ages and Tudor period, focusing on the history of children, and ecclesiastical history, with a particular interest in South West England.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
Norman Garstin (28 August 1847 – 22 June 1926) was an Irish artist, teacher, art critic and journalist associated with the Newlyn School of painters.
North Cornwall (An Tiredh Uhel) is an area of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
North Cornwall is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Scott Mann, a Conservative.
The Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlan Assemblie) is the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
The "Ode of Remembrance" is an ode taken from Laurence Binyon's poem, "For the Fallen", which was first published in The Times in September 1914.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
An ophiolite is a section of the Earth's oceanic crust and the underlying upper mantle that has been uplifted and exposed above sea level and often emplaced onto continental crustal rocks.
The Ordinalia are three medieval mystery plays dating to the late fourteenth century, written primarily in Middle Cornish, with stage directions in Latin.
An orogeny is an event that leads to a large structural deformation of the Earth's lithosphere (crust and uppermost mantle) due to the interaction between plate tectonics.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cornwall: Cornwall – ceremonial county and unitary authority area of England within the United Kingdom.
Over Sea, Under Stone is a contemporary fantasy novel written for children by the English author Susan Cooper, first published in London by Jonathan Cape in 1965.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Padstow (Lannwedhenek) is a town, civil parish and fishing port on the north coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The Passion Play or Easter pageant (senakulo) is a dramatic presentation depicting the Passion of Jesus Christ: his trial, suffering and death.
Pasture (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing.
A pasty or pastie (or, Pasti) is a baked pastry, a traditional variety of which is particularly associated with Cornwall, United Kingdom.
Patrick Heron CBE (30 January 1920 – 20 March 1999) was a British abstract and figurative artist, writer, and polemicist, who lived in Zennor, Cornwall.
Penryn Campus (formerly Tremough Campus, Cornwall Campus and similar names) is a university campus in Penryn, Cornwall, England, UK.
Penryn (Pennrynn, meaning 'promontory') is a civil parish and town in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Pentire Head (Penn Tir, meaning "headland") is a headland and peninsula on the Atlantic coast in North Cornwall, England, UK and is about one mile square.
Penwith (Pennwydh) is an area of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, located on the peninsula of the same name.
The Penwith Society of Arts is an art group formed in St Ives, Cornwall, England, UK, in early 1949 by abstract artists who broke away from the more conservative St Ives School.
Penzance (Pennsans) is a town, civil parish and port in Cornwall, in England, United Kingdom.
Perranporth (Porthperan) is a medium-sized seaside resort town on the north coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
George Peter Lanyon (8 February 1918 – 31 August 1964) was a Cornish painter of landscapes leaning heavily towards abstraction.
Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.
Plymouth is a city situated on the south coast of Devon, England, approximately south-west of Exeter and west-south-west of London.
A poet laureate (plural: poets laureate) is a poet officially appointed by a government or conferring institution, typically expected to compose poems for special events and occasions.
Poldark is a series of historical novels by Winston Graham, published from 1945 to 1953 and continued from 1973 to 2002.
Polperro (Porthpyra, meaning Pyra's cove) is a large village, civil parish, and fishing harbour within the Polperro Heritage Coastline in south Cornwall, England.
Polzeath (Polsegh, meaning dry creek) is a small seaside resort in the civil parish of St Minver in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Porthtowan (Porth Tewyn, meaning cove of sand dunes) is a small village in Cornwall, England which is a popular summer tourist destination.
Praa Sands (Poll an Wragh), pronounced Pray or Prah Sands, is a white sand beach and coastal village in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
The Prayer Book Rebellion, Prayer Book Revolt, Prayer Book Rising, Western Rising or Western Rebellion (Rebellyans an Lyver Pejadow Kebmyn) was a popular revolt in Devon and Cornwall in 1549.
The Precambrian (or Pre-Cambrian, sometimes abbreviated pЄ, or Cryptozoic) is the earliest part of Earth's history, set before the current Phanerozoic Eon.
Several species of humans have intermittently occupied Britain for almost a million years.
Prevailing winds are winds that blow predominantly from a single general direction over a particular point on the Earth's surface.
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.
Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; German: Urgermanisch; also called Common Germanic, German: Gemeingermanisch) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Pytheas of Massalia (Ancient Greek: Πυθέας ὁ Μασσαλιώτης Pythéas ho Massaliōtēs; Latin: Pytheas Massiliensis; fl. 4th century BC), was a Greek geographer and explorer from the Greek colony of Massalia (modern-day Marseille).
Queen are a British rock band that formed in London in 1970.
The Ravenna Cosmography (Ravennatis Anonymi Cosmographia, "The Cosmography of the Unknown Ravennese") is a list of place-names covering the world from India to Ireland, compiled by an anonymous cleric in Ravenna around 700.
Rebecca is a thriller novel by English author Dame Daphne du Maurier.
Redruth (Resrudh) is a town and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The Regional policy of the European Union (EU), also referred as Cohesion Policy, is a policy with the stated aim of improving the economic well-being of regions in the EU and also to avoid regional disparities.
Restormel (Rostorrmel) was a borough of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, one of the six administrative divisions that made up the county.
The Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament (Cornish: Seneth an Stenegow Kernow), is a pressure group which claimed to be a revival of the historic Cornish Stannary Parliament last held in 1753.
Richard Rufus (Ricardus Rufus, "Richard the Red") was a Cornish Franciscan scholastic philosopher and theologian.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Christopher Richard "Rick" Stein, CBE (born 4 January 1947) is an English celebrity chef, restaurateur and television presenter.
The River Camel (Dowr Kammel, meaning crooked river) is a river in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The River Looe (Logh, meaning deep water inlet) is a river in south-east Cornwall, which flows into the English Channel at Looe.
The Tamar (Dowr Tamar) is a river in south west England, that forms most of the border between Devon (to the east) and Cornwall (to the west).
Robert Stephen Hawker (1803–1875) was an Anglican priest, poet, antiquarian of Cornwall and reputed eccentric.
Robert, Count of Mortain, 2nd Earl of Cornwall (–) was a Norman nobleman and the half-brother (on his mother's side) of King William the Conqueror.
Robin Teverson, Baron Teverson (born 31 March 1952) is a Liberal Democrat politician, and former Member of the European Parliament.
Rock (Pennmeyn) is a coastal fishing village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Rodda's is a dairy company in Scorrier, Cornwall, United Kingdom, known for clotted cream.
Roger Hilton CBE (1911–1975) was a pioneer of abstract art in post-Second World War Britain.
Roger Meddows Taylor (born 26 July 1949) is an English musician, singer and songwriter.
Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Plymouth is a Latin Church Roman Catholic diocese in England.
Romano-British culture is the culture that arose in Britain under the Roman Empire following the Roman conquest in AD 43 and the creation of the province of Britannia.
Rosamunde Pilcher, OBE (née Scott; born 22 September 1924) is a British writer of several short-stories and 28 romance novels and mainstream women's fiction from 1949 to 2000, when she retired from writing.
The Royal Albert Bridge is a railway bridge which spans the River Tamar in England between Plymouth, Devon and Saltash, Cornwall.
Ruddigore; or, The Witch's Curse, originally called Ruddygore, is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Rugby union in Cornwall is one of the county's most popular sports and has a large following in Cornwall.
The rutabaga (from Swedish dialectal word rotabagge), swede (from Swedish turnip, being introduced from Sweden), or neep (from its Latin name Brassica napobrassica) is a root vegetable that originated as a cross between the cabbage and the turnip.
A saffron bun, Cornish tea treat bun or revel bun, Swedish lussebulle or lussekatt, Norwegian lussekatt, is a rich, spiced yeast-leavened sweet bun that is flavoured with saffron and cinnamon or nutmeg and contains currants similar to a teacake.
Saint Petroc or Petrock (Petrocus; Pedrog; Perreux; died) was a British prince and Christian saint.
Saint Piran or Pyran (Peran, Piranus), died c. 480,. Oecumenical Patriarchate, Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain.
Saltash is a town and civil parish in southeast Cornwall, England, UK.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
Sarah Elizabeth Coryton is the current High Sheriff of Cornwall, UK.
Sarah Louise Newton, (born Sarah Louise Hick, 19 July 1961) is a British Conservative Party politician.
"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.
Scorrier is a village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Scott Leslie Mann (born 24 June 1977) is a British Conservative politician.
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
Serpentinite is a rock composed of one or more serpentine group minerals, the name originating from the similarity of the texture of the rock to that of the skin of a snake.
Sharp's Brewery is a British brewery founded in 1994 in St Minver Lowlands, Rock, Cornwall, by Bill Sharp.
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
Sheryll Murray (née Hickman; born 4 February 1956) is a Conservative Party politician.
Shinty (camanachd, iomain) is a team game played with sticks and a ball.
Sir James Smith's Community School (formerly Sir James Smith's School) is a small secondary school located in the town of Camelford, North Cornwall, England.
Skinner's is a British brewery founded in 1997 by Steve and Sarah Skinner in Truro, Cornwall, England, UK.
Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism.
Smuggling is the illegal transportation of objects, substances, information or people, such as out of a house or buildings, into a prison, or across an international border, in violation of applicable laws or other regulations.
The South West Coast Path is England's longest waymarked long-distance footpath and a National Trail.
South West England is one of nine official regions of England.
The South West of England Regional Development Agency (SWRDA) was one of the nine Regional Development Agencies set up by the United Kingdom government in 1999.
The South West Peninsula is an unofficial region of England, usually defined as the peninsula of land between the Bristol Channel to the north and the English Channel to the south.
Sport in the United Kingdom plays an important role in British culture.
St Agnes (Breanek) is a civil parish and a large village on the north coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom.
St Austell (S.) is a civil parish and major town in Cornwall, England, UK.
St Austell and Newquay is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Steve Double, a Conservative.
St Austell Brewery is a brewery founded in 1851 by Walter Hicks in St Austell, Cornwall, England.
St Breock (Nanssans) is a village and a civil parish in north Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
St Columb Major (S.) is a civil parish and town in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
St Columb Minor (Colom) is a village on the north coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
St Gennys (S.) is a coastal civil parish and small settlement in north Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
St Ives (Porth Ia, meaning "St Ia's cove") is a seaside town, civil parish and port in Cornwall.
St Just (Lannust) is a town and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
St Mabyn C of E Primary School is a Church of England Primary School with academy status located in the village of St Mabyn between Bodmin and Wadebridge, Cornwall UK.
St Mary's Airport or Isles of Scilly Airport is an airport located east of Hugh Town on St Mary's in the Isles of Scilly, to the south west of Cornwall, UK.
The Standard Written Form or SWF (Furv Skrifys Savonek) of the Cornish language is an orthography standard that is designed to "provide public bodies and the educational system with a universally acceptable, inclusive, and neutral orthography".
Stanhope Alexander Forbes (18 November 1857 – 2 March 1947), was an artist and a founding member of the influential Newlyn school of painters.
The stannary law (derived from the stannum for tin) is the body of English law that governs tin mining in Devon and Cornwall; although no longer of much practical relevance, the stannary law remains part of the law of the United Kingdom and is arguably the oldest law incorporated into the English legal system.
Stargazy pie (sometimes called starrey gazey pie, stargazey pie and other variants) is a Cornish dish made of baked pilchards (or sardines), along with eggs and potatoes, covered with a pastry crust.
Stephen Daniel Double (born 19 December 1966) is a British Conservative Party politician.
Stephen David John Gilbert (born 6 November 1976) is a British Liberal Democrat politician.
Stout is a dark beer that includes roasted malt or roasted barley, hops, water and yeast.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
Susan Mary Cooper (born 23 May 1935) is an English author of children's books.
Swansea (Abertawe), is a coastal city and county, officially known as the City and County of Swansea (Dinas a Sir Abertawe) in Wales, UK.
The Tamar Bridge is a major road bridge over the River Tamar between Saltash, Cornwall and Plymouth, Devon in southwest England.
Tate St Ives is an art gallery in St Ives, Cornwall, England, exhibiting work by modern British artists with links to the St Ives area.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
Sir Terry Frost RA (born Terence Ernest Manitou Frost) (13 October 1915 – 1 September 2003) was an English abstract artist, who worked in Newlyn, Cornwall.
"The Adventure of the Devil's Foot" is one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by British author Arthur Conan Doyle.
"The Birds" is a novelette by British writer Daphne du Maurier, first published in her 1952 collection The Apple Tree.
The Bolitho novels are a series of nautical war novels written by Douglas Reeman (using the pseudonym Alexander Kent).
The Camomile Lawn is a 1984 novel by Mary Wesley beginning with a family holiday in Cornwall in the last summer of peace before the Second World War.
The House on the Strand is a novel by Daphne du Maurier.
The Mind Parasites is a science fiction horror novel by English author Colin Wilson.
The Outsider is a non-fiction book by English writer Colin Wilson, first published in 1956.
The Pirates of Penzance; or, The Slave of Duty is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.
Thomas Hardy (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) was an English novelist and poet.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
Tin mining in Britain took place from prehistoric times, during Bronze Age Britain, and until the 20th century.
Tintagel or Trevena (Tre war Venydh meaning village on a mountain) is a civil parish and village situated on the Atlantic coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Tom Bawcock's Eve is an annual festival, held on 23 December, in Mousehole, Cornwall, England.
Tomb Raider: Legend is an action-adventure video game developed by Crystal Dynamics and published by Eidos Interactive.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos, August 22, 1963) is an American singer-songwriter, pianist, and composer.
Torpoint (Penntorr) is a civil parish and town on the Rame Peninsula in southeast Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The Torpoint Ferry is a car and pedestrian chain ferry, connecting the A374 road which crosses the Hamoaze, a stretch of water at the mouth of the River Tamar, between Devonport in Plymouth and Torpoint in Cornwall.
Trematon Castle is situated near Saltash in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Tristan and Iseult is a tale made popular during the 12th century through Anglo-Norman literature, inspired by Celtic legend, particularly the stories of Deirdre and Naoise and Diarmuid Ua Duibhne and Gráinne.
Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde, or Tristan and Isolda, or Tristran and Ysolt) is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the 12th-century romance Tristan by Gottfried von Strassburg.
Truro (Truru) is a city and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Truro and Falmouth is a constituency that has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its creation in 2010 by Sarah Newton, a Conservative MP.
Truro and Penwith College is a Tertiary College and Further Education College in Cornwall in the United Kingdom.
Ultramafic (also referred to as ultrabasic rocks, although the terms are not wholly equivalent) are igneous and meta-igneous rocks with a very low silica content (less than 45%), generally >18% MgO, high FeO, low potassium, and are composed of usually greater than 90% mafic minerals (dark colored, high magnesium and iron content).
Unitary authorities of England are local authorities that are responsible for the provision of all local government services within a district.
A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elect one member to a parliament or assembly, with the exception of European Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies which are multi member constituencies.
The 2005 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005 to elect 646 members to the House of Commons.
The 2010 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 6 May 2010, with 45,597,461 registered voters entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons.
These are the results of the 2010 United Kingdom general election in England.
The 2017 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 8 June, having been announced just under two months earlier by Prime Minister Theresa May on 18 April 2017 after it was discussed at cabinet.
Elections for local government were held in the England and Northern Ireland on 5 May 2005 along with the 2005 general election across the entire United Kingdom.
The University of Exeter is a public research university in Exeter, Devon, South West England, United Kingdom.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 188228 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.
A vug, vugh, or vugg is a small to medium-sized cavity inside rock.
William Sydney Graham (19 November 1918 – 9 January 1986) was a Scottish poet, who was often associated with Dylan Thomas and the neo-romantic group of poets.
Wadebridge School is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form with academy status, located in the town of Wadebridge, Cornwall, England.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
*Walhaz is a reconstructed Proto-Germanic word meaning "foreigner", "stranger", "Roman", "Romance-speaker", or "Celtic-speaker".
Wallonia (Wallonie, Wallonie(n), Wallonië, Walonreye, Wallounien) is a region of Belgium.
Watergate Bay (Porth Tregoryan, meaning cove at Coryan's farm) is a bay located two miles north of Newquay on the B3276 Newquay to Padstow road near the hamlet of Tregurrian in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
A wave-cut platform, shore platform, coastal bench, or wave-cut cliff is the narrow flat area often found at the base of a sea cliff or along the shoreline of a lake, bay, or sea that was created by erosion.
The Welsh Government (Llywodraeth Cymru) is the devolved government for Wales.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
Wendron (Gwendron) is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Wessex (Westseaxna rīce, the "kingdom of the West Saxons") was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in the early 10th century.
The West Country is a loosely defined area of south western England.
White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.
Sir William Gerald Golding CBE (19 September 1911 – 19 June 1993) was a British novelist, playwright, and poet.
William of Malmesbury (Willelmus Malmesbiriensis) was the foremost English historian of the 12th century.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
Winston Mawdsley Graham OBE, born Winston Grime, (30 June 1908 – 10 July 2003) was an English novelist best known for the Poldark series of historical novels set in Cornwall.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wrecking is the practice of taking valuables from a shipwreck which has foundered close to shore.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
Structural changes to local government in England were effected on 1 April 2009, whereby a number of new unitary authorities were created in parts of the country which previously operated a 'two-tier' system of counties and districts.
Belerion, Cerniw, Cernyw, Corn Wall, Cornouailles, Cornuvia, Cornwall (County), England, Cornwall (England : County), Cornwall and Isles of Scilly, Cornwall, England, Cornwall, UK, Cornwall, United Kingdom, Cornwallum, East Cornwall, KERNOW, Kernow, Toponymy of Cornwall, West Wales (kingdom).