40 relations: Adrenal cortex, Adrenal gland, Aggression, Aldosterone, Aldosterone synthase, Amphibian, Biological activity, Bird, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17α-hydroxylase deficiency, Corticosteroid, Cortisol, Deoxycorticosterone, Fear, Fear conditioning, Feather, Foraging, Glucocorticoid, Human, Immunity (medical), Long-term memory, Memory, Memory consolidation, Mineralocorticoid, Moulting, Potentiator, Pregnenolone, Problem solving, Protein, Recall (memory), Reptile, Rodent, Rough-skinned newt, Steroid, Steroid hormone, Stress (biology), Ultraviolet, Zona fasciculata, Zona glomerulosa, 11-Deoxycorticosterone, 11-Deoxycortisol.
Situated along the perimeter of the adrenal gland, the adrenal cortex mediates the stress response through the production of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids, such as aldosterone and cortisol, respectively.
The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.
Aggression is overt, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other unpleasantness upon another individual.
Aldosterone, the main mineralocorticoid hormone, is a steroid hormone produced by the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex in the adrenal gland.
Aldosterone synthase is a steroid hydroxylase cytochrome P450 enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of the mineralocorticoid aldosterone.
Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
In pharmacology, biological activity or pharmacological activity describes the beneficial or adverse effects of a drug on living matter.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17α-hydroxylase deficiency is an uncommon form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia resulting from a defect in the gene CYP17A1, which encodes for the enzyme 17α-hydroxylase.
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.
Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones.
Deoxycorticosterone (DOC), or desoxycorticosterone, may refer to.
Fear is a feeling induced by perceived danger or threat that occurs in certain types of organisms, which causes a change in metabolic and organ functions and ultimately a change in behavior, such as fleeing, hiding, or freezing from perceived traumatic events.
Fear conditioning is a behavioral paradigm in which organisms learn to predict aversive events.
Feathers are epidermal growths that form the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on birds and other, extinct species' of dinosaurs.
Foraging is searching for wild food resources.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
In biology, immunity is the balanced state of multicellular organisms having adequate biological defenses to fight infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion, while having adequate tolerance to avoid allergy, and autoimmune diseases.
Long-term memory (LTM) is the stage of the Atkinson–Shiffrin memory model where informative knowledge is held indefinitely.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
Memory consolidation is a category of processes that stabilize a memory trace after its initial acquisition.
Mineralocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which in turn are a class of steroid hormones.
In biology, moulting (British English), or molting (American English), also known as sloughing, shedding, or in many invertebrates, ecdysis, is the manner in which an animal routinely casts off a part of its body (often, but not always, an outer layer or covering), either at specific times of the year, or at specific points in its life cycle.
In clinical terms, a potentiator is a reagent that enhances sensitization of an antigen.
Pregnenolone (P5), or pregn-5-en-3β-ol-20-one, is an endogenous steroid and precursor/metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of most of the steroid hormones, including the progestogens, androgens, estrogens, glucocorticoids, and mineralocorticoids.
Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, to find solutions to problems.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Recall in memory refers to the mental process of retrieval of information from the past.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.
The rough-skinned newt or roughskin newt (Taricha granulosa) is a North American newt known for the strong toxin exuded from its skin.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
A steroid hormone is a steroid that acts as a hormone.
Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The zona fasciculata constitutes the middle and also the widest zone of the adrenal cortex, sitting directly beneath the zona glomerulosa.
The zona glomerulosa of the adrenal gland is the most superficial layer of the adrenal cortex, lying directly beneath the renal capsule.
11-Deoxycorticosterone (DOC), or simply deoxycorticosterone, also known as 21-hydroxyprogesterone, as well as desoxycortone (INN), deoxycortone, and cortexone, is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal gland that possesses mineralocorticoid activity and acts as a precursor to aldosterone.
11-Deoxycortisol, also known as cortodoxone (INN) or cortexolone, as well as 17α,21-dihydroxyprogesterone or 17α,21-dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione, is a glucocorticoid steroid hormone.