209 relations: Acetate, Acne, Actor, Adverse effect, Airbrush makeup, Allergy, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek, Anhydrous, Animal rights movement, Animal testing, Antioxidant, Aroma compound, Atropa belladonna, Baking (make-up), Balsam of Peru, Bath salts, Beeswax, Beetroot, Benzoyl peroxide, Bismuth oxychloride, Bloomberg News, Body art, Boston University, Brand, Bromine, Bubble bath, Butter, Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, Castor oil, Celine Dion, Cheek, Chemical compound, China, Cleanser, Coconut oil, Concealer, Contact dermatitis, Contact lens, Contouring, Cosmeceutical, Cosmetic container, Cosmetic packaging, Cosmetology, CoverGirl, Cream (pharmaceutical), Criticism, Dangerous goods, Deformity, Deodorant, ..., Dermatitis, Disease, Dolce & Gabbana, Eau de Cologne, EC Regulation 1223/2009 on cosmetics, Electrotherapy (cosmetic), Elizabeth Arden, Emulsion, Enzyme, Essential oil, Estée Lauder Companies, Esther, Estrogen, Eugène Schueller, European Court of Justice, Exclusive economic zone, Exfoliation (cosmetology), Export, Eye, Eye liner, Eye shadow, Eyebrow, Eyelash, Eyelash curler, Eyelash extensions, Face, Face powder, Facial mask, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Female cosmetic coalitions, Femininity, Feminism, Food and Drug Administration, Formaldehyde, Foundation (cosmetics), Gel, Gemstone, Giorgio Armani, Glitter, Good manufacturing practice, Hair, Hair coloring, Hair gel, Hair spray, Hairstyling product, Hand sanitizer, Health, Helena Rubinstein, Henna, Highlighter (cosmetics), Human eye, Human physical appearance, Human skin, Indus Valley Civilisation, Industrial society, Inorganic compound, International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, International Organization for Standardization, Iodine, Iridescence, ISO 22715, Jezebel, Jurisdiction (area), Kohl (cosmetics), L'Oréal, Lanolin, Legal liability, Liliane Bettencourt, Lillie Langtry, Liniment, Lip augmentation, Lip balm, Lip gloss, Lip liner, Lipstick, List of cosmetic ingredients, Lotion, Luffa, Luxembourg, Mainstream, Make-up artist, Maker culture, Makeup brush, Marketing, Mascara, Max Factor, Mercosur, Microbead, Microfiber, Miss America protest, Model (person), Moisturizer, Moulage, Multinational corporation, Nail (anatomy), Nail polish, Natural skin care, Nestlé, Old Testament, Olive oil, Organic certification, Organic compound, Paraben, Patch test, Perfume, Permanent makeup, Petroleum, Phototoxicity, Pigment, Powder, Primer (cosmetics), Procter & Gamble, Prosthetic makeup, Pseudoscience, Queen Victoria, Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, Regulation (European Union), Religion, Renaissance, Retail, Revlon, Rose water, Rouge (cosmetics), Safety standards, Salicylic acid, Sarah Bernhardt, Seaweed, Setting spray, Shampoo, Shiseido, Singing, Skin care, Soap, Social media, Sodium dodecyl sulfate, Sumer, Sunless tanning, Sunscreen, Superoxide dismutase, Surfactant, Tarte Cosmetics, The Beauty Myth, The New York Times, Traditional Chinese medicine, Tremella fuciformis, Ultraviolet, Unilever, Vaseline, Venetian ceruse, Vitamin K, Waterproofing, Wax, Wet wipe, World War II, Xenoestrogen, Yves Rocher, Yves Saint Laurent (brand), Zygomatic bone, 2-Butoxyethanol. Expand index (159 more) » « Shrink index
An acetate is a salt formed by the combination of acetic acid with an alkaline, earthy, metallic or nonmetallic and other base.
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.
An actor (often actress for women; see terminology) is a person who portrays a character in a performance.
In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
Airbrush makeup is makeup sprayed onto the skin using an airbrush instead of being applied with sponges, brushes, fingers, or other methods.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water.
The animal rights movement, sometimes called the animal liberation movement, animal personhood, or animal advocacy movement, is a social movement which seeks an end to the rigid moral and legal distinction drawn between human and non-human animals, an end to the status of animals as property, and an end to their use in the research, food, clothing, and entertainment industries.
Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
An aroma compound, also known as an odorant, aroma, fragrance, or flavor, is a chemical compound that has a smell or odor.
Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, which includes tomatoes, potatoes, and aubergine.
Baking (verb), also known as 'cooking' is a make-up technique originally used in Drag, now popularised by celebrities and make-up artists.
Balsam of Peru, also known and marketed by many other names, is a balsam derived from a tree known as Myroxylon balsamum var.
Bath salts are water-soluble, pulverised minerals that are added to water to be used for bathing.
Beeswax (cera alba) is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis.
The beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant, usually known in North America as the beet, also table beet, garden beet, red beet, or golden beet.
Benzoyl peroxide (BPO) is a medication and industrial chemical.
Bismuth oxychloride is an inorganic compound of bismuth with the formula BiOCl.
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
Body art is art made on, with, or consisting of, the human body.
Boston University (commonly referred to as BU) is a private, non-profit, research university in Boston, Massachusetts.
A brand is a name, term, design, symbol, or other feature that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
A bubble bath is a filled bathtub with a layer of surfactant foam on the surface of the water and consequently also the surfactant product used to produce the foam.
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics is a coalition of public health, educational, religious, labor, women's, environmental and consumer groups with a goal to protect the health of consumers and workers by requiring the health and beauty industry to phase out the use of chemicals linked to cancer, birth defects and other health problems and replace them with safer alternatives.
Castor oil is a vegetable oil obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis).
Céline Marie Claudette Dion, (born 30 March 1968) is a Canadian singer.
Cheeks (buccae) constitute the area of the face below the eyes and between the nose and the left or right ear.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A cleanser is a facial care product that is used to remove make-up, dead skin cells, oil, dirt, and other types of pollutants from the skin of the face.
Coconut oil, or copra oil, is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).
A concealer or color corrector is a type of cosmetic that is used to mask dark circles, age spots, large pores, and other small blemishes visible on the skin.
Contact dermatitis is a type of inflammation of the skin.
A contact lens, or simply contact, is a thin lens placed directly on the surface of the eye.
Contouring is a makeup technique that uses cosmetics to define, enhance and sculpt the structure of the face or other body parts, such as breasts.
Cosmeceuticals are cosmetic products with bioactive ingredients purported to have medical benefits.
A cosmetic container is a fully enclosed object used to contain, store, and transport cosmetics.
The term cosmetic packaging is used for cosmetic containers (primary packaging) and secondary packaging of cosmetic products.
Cosmetology (from Greek κοσμητικός, kosmētikos, "beautifying"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study and application of beauty treatment.
CoverGirl is an American cosmetics brand founded in Maryland, United States, by the Noxzema Chemical Company and acquired by Procter & Gamble in 1989 and later acquired by Coty, Inc. in 2016.
A cream is a preparation usually for application to the skin.
Criticism is the practice of judging the merits and faults of something.
Dangerous goods or hazardous goods are solids, liquids, or gases that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment.
A deformity, dysmorphism, or dysmorphic feature is a major abnormality in the shape of a body part or organ compared to the normal shape of that part.
A deodorant is a substance applied to the body to prevent body odor caused by the bacterial breakdown of perspiration in armpits, feet, and other areas of the body.
Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Dolce & Gabbana is an Italian fashion house founded in 1985 in Legnano by Italian designers Domenico Dolce and Stefano Gabbana.
Eau de Cologne (German: Kölnisch Wasser; meaning "Water from Cologne"), or simply cologne, is a perfume originating from Cologne, Germany.
EC Regulation 1223/2009 on cosmetics sets binding requirements for cosmetic products that have been made available on the market within the European Union.
Cosmetic electrotherapy is a range of beauty treatments that uses low electric currents passed through the skin to produce several therapeutic effects such as muscle toning in the body and micro-lifting of the face.
Florence Nightingale Graham (December 31, 1878 – October 18, 1966), who went by the business name Elizabeth Arden, was a Canadian American businesswoman who founded what is now Elizabeth Arden, Inc., and built a cosmetics empire in the United States.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.
The Estée Lauder Companies Inc. is an multinational manufacturer and marketer of prestige skincare, makeup, fragrance and hair care products, based in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Esther, born Hadassah, is the eponymous heroine of the Book of Esther.
Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.
Eugène Paul Louis Schueller (20 March 1881 – 23 August 1957) was a French pharmacist and entrepreneur who was the founder of L'Oréal, the world's leading company in cosmetics and beauty.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.
Exfoliation involves the removal of the oldest dead skin cells on the skin's outermost surface.
The term export means sending of goods or services produced in one country to another country.
Eyes are organs of the visual system.
Eye liner or eyeliner is a cosmetic used to define the eyes.
Eye shadow is a cosmetic that is applied on the eyelids and under the eyebrows.
The eyebrow is an area of thick, delicate hairs above the eye that follows the shape of the lower margin of the brow ridges of some mammals.
An eyelash or simply lash is one of the hairs that grows at the edge of the eyelid.
An eyelash curler is a hand-operated mechanical device for curling eyelashes for cosmetic purposes.
Eyelash extensions are used to enhance the length, curliness, fullness, and thickness of natural eyelashes.
The face is a central body region of sense and is also very central in the expression of emotion among humans and among numerous other species.
Face powder is a cosmetic powder applied to the face to set a foundation after application.
A facial mask is a creamy mask applied to clean or smooth the face.
The United States Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (abbreviated as FFDCA, FDCA, or FD&C), is a set of laws passed by Congress in 1938 giving authority to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics.
The theory of female cosmetic coalitions (FCC) is a new and controversial attempt to explain the evolutionary emergence of art, ritual and symbolic culture in Homo sapiens. It is proposed by evolutionary anthropologists Chris Knight and Camilla Power together with archaeologist Ian Watts.
Femininity (also called girlishness, womanliness or womanhood) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with girls and women.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Foundation is a skin-coloured makeup applied to the face to create an even, uniform colour to the complexion, to cover flaws and, sometimes, to change the natural skintone.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
A gemstone (also called a gem, fine gem, jewel, precious stone, or semi-precious stone) is a piece of mineral crystal which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewelry or other adornments.
Giorgio Armani (born 11 July 1934) is an Italian fashion designer.
Glitter describes an assortment of small, colourful, reflective particles that comes in a variety of shapes.
Good manufacturing practices (GMP) are the practices required in order to conform to the guidelines recommended by agencies that control the authorization and licensing of the manufacture and sale of food and beverages, cosmetics, pharmaceutical products, dietary supplements, and medical devices.
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.
Hair coloring, or hair dyeing, is the practice of changing the hair color.
Hair gel is a hairstyling product that is used to harden hair into a particular hairstyle.
Hair spray (also hair lacquer or spritz) is a common cosmetic hairstyling product that is sprayed onto hair to protect against humidity and wind.
Hairstyle products are used to change the texture and/or shape of hair, or to hold a hairstyle in place.
Hand sanitizer is a liquid generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Helena Rubinstein (born Chaja Rubinstein; December 25, 1872 – April 1, 1965) was a Polish American businesswoman, art collector, and philanthropist.
Henna (حِنَّاء) is a dye prepared from the plant Lawsonia inermis, also known as hina, the henna tree, the mignonette tree, and the Egyptian privet, the sole species of the genus Lawsonia.
Highlighter is a type of cosmetic product that reflects light.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
Human physical appearance is the outward phenotype or look of human beings.
The human skin is the outer covering of the body.
The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (5500–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.
In sociology, industrial society is a society driven by the use of technology to enable mass production, supporting a large population with a high capacity for division of labour.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
The International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, abbreviated INCI, is a system of names for waxes, oils, pigments, chemicals, and other ingredients of soaps, cosmetics, and the like, based on scientific names and other Latin and English words.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
Iridescence (also known as goniochromism) is the phenomenon of certain surfaces that appear to gradually change colour as the angle of view or the angle of illumination changes.
The ISO 22715 standard provides guidelines for manufacturers in the best practices for cosmetic packaging and labelling of all cosmetic products.
Jezebel is described in the Book of Kings (1 Kings 16:31) as a queen who was the daughter of Ithobaal I of Sidon and the wife of Ahab, King of Israel.
A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts or government entity which are different from neighbouring areas.
Kohl (كُحْل) is an ancient eye cosmetic, traditionally made by grinding stibnite (Sb2S3) for similar purposes to charcoal used in mascara.
L'Oréal S.A. is a French personal care company headquartered in Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine with a registered office in Paris.
Lanolin (from Latin ‘wool’, and ‘oil’), also called wool wax or wool grease, is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals.
In law, liable means "esponsible or answerable in law; legally obligated." Legal liability concerns both civil law and criminal law and can arise from various areas of law, such as contracts, torts, taxes, or fines given by government agencies.
Liliane Henriette Charlotte Bettencourt (née Schueller; 21 October 1922 – 21 September 2017) was a French heiress, socialite and businesswoman.
Emilie Charlotte Langtry (née Le Breton; October 13, 1853 – February 12, 1929), known as Lillie (or Lily) Langtry and nicknamed "The Jersey Lily", was a British-American socialite, actress and producer.
Liniment (or embrocation), from the Latin linere, to anoint, is a medicated topical preparation for application to the skin.
Lip augmentation is a type of cosmetic surgery or non-surgical procedure that aims to alter the appearance of the lips by increasing their fullness through enlargement using fillers.
Lip balm or lip salve is a wax-like substance applied topically to the lips of the mouth to moisturize and relieve chapped or dry lips, angular cheilitis, stomatitis, or cold sores.
Lip gloss is a product used primarily to give lips a glossy lustre, and sometimes to add a subtle color.
Lip liner, also known as a lip pencil, is a cosmetic product.
Lipstick is a cosmetic product containing pigments, oils, waxes, and emollients that apply color, texture, and protection to the lips.
Ingredients of cosmetic products are listed following International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI).
A lotion is a low-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.
Luffa is a genus of tropical and subtropical vines in the cucumber family (Cucurbitaceae).
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Mainstream is current thought that is widespread.
Special effects makeup techniques A make-up artist or makeup artist is an artist whose medium is the human body, applying makeup and prosthetics on others for theatrical, television, film, fashion, magazines and other similar productions including all aspects of the modeling industry.
The maker culture is a contemporary culture or subculture representing a technology-based extension of DIY culture that intersects with hacker culture (which is less concerned with physical objects as it focuses on software) and revels in the creation of new devices as well as tinkering with existing ones.
A makeup brush is a tool with bristles, used for the application of makeup or face painting.
Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.
Mascara is a cosmetic commonly used to enhance the eyelashes.
Max Factor is a line of cosmetics from Coty, Inc..
Mercosur (also known as Mercosul or Ñemby Ñemuha) is a South American trade bloc established by the Treaty of Asunción in 1991 and Protocol of Ouro Preto in 1994.
Microbeads are manufactured solid plastic particles of less than one millimeter in their largest dimension.
Microfiber (or microfibre) is synthetic fiber finer than one denier or decitex/thread, having a diameter of less than ten micrometres.
The Miss America protest was a demonstration held at the Miss America 1969 (September 7, 1968) contest, attended by about 400 feminists and separately, by civil rights advocates.
A model is a person with a role either to promote, display or advertise commercial products (notably fashion clothing in fashion shows), or to serve as a visual aid for people who are creating works of art or to pose for photography.
Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents (often occlusives help hold water in the skin after application, humectants attract moisture and emollients help smooth the skin.) specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable.
Moulage (French: casting/moulding) is the art of applying mock injuries for the purpose of training emergency response teams and other medical and military personnel.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
A nail is a horn-like envelope covering the tips of the fingers and toes in most primates and a few other mammals.
Nail polish (also known as nail varnish) is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plates.
Natural skin care uses topical creams and lotions made of ingredients available in nature.
Nestlé S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
Organic certification is a certification process for producers of organic food and other organic agricultural products.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Parabens are a class of widely used preservatives in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products.
A patch test is a method used to determine whether a specific substance causes allergic inflammation of a patient's skin.
Perfume (parfum) is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents, used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living-spaces an agreeable scent.
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Phototoxicity, also called photoirritation, is a chemically induced skin irritation, requiring light, that does not involve the immune system.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
A powder is a dry, bulk solid composed of a large number of very fine particles that may flow freely when shaken or tilted.
A cosmetic primer is a cream or lotion applied before another cosmetic to improve coverage and lengthen the amount of time the cosmetic lasts on the face.
Procter & Gamble Co. (P&G) is an American multi-national consumer goods corporation headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio, founded in 1837 by British American William Procter and Irish American James Gamble.
Prosthetic makeup (also called Special make-up effects and FX prosthesis) is the process of using prosthetic sculpting, molding and casting techniques to create advanced cosmetic effects.
Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) is a European Union regulation dating from 18 December 2006.
A regulation is a legal act of the European Union that becomes immediately enforceable as law in all member states simultaneously.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
Revlon, Inc. is an American multinational cosmetics, skin care, fragrance, and personal care company founded in 1932 and based in New York City.
Rose water (گلاب; golāb) is a flavoured water made by steeping rose petals in water.
Rouge (red), also called blush or blusher, is a cosmetic typically used to redden the cheeks so as to provide a more youthful appearance, and to emphasize the cheekbones.
Safety standards are standards designed to ensure the safety of products, activities or processes, etc.
Salicylic acid (from Latin salix, willow tree) is a lipophilic monohydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, and a beta hydroxy acid (BHA).
Sarah Bernhardt (22 or 23 October 1844 – 26 March 1923) was a French stage actress who starred in some of the most popular French plays of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including La Dame Aux Camelias by Alexandre Dumas, ''fils'', Ruy Blas by Victor Hugo, Fédora and La Tosca by Victorien Sardou, and L'Aiglon by Edmond Rostand.
Seaweed or macroalgae refers to several species of macroscopic, multicellular, marine algae.
Setting spray (also finishing spray, makeup setting spray, finish spray, or makeup spray) is a cosmetic product designed to preserve applied make-up long periods of time.
Shampoo is a hair care product, typically in the form of a viscous liquid, that is used for cleaning hair.
is a Japanese multinational personal care company, that is a skin care, hair care, cosmetics and fragrance producer.
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, rhythm, and a variety of vocal techniques.
Skin care is the range of practices that support skin integrity, enhance its appearance and relieve skin conditions.
Soap is the term for a salt of a fatty acid or for a variety of cleansing and lubricating products produced from such a substance.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), synonymously sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), or sodium laurilsulfate, is a synthetic organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)11SO4 Na.
SumerThe name is from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian en-ĝir15, approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land".
Sunless tanning, also known as UV filled tanning, self tanning, spray tanning (when applied topically), or fake tanning, refers to the application of chemicals to the skin to produce an effect similar in appearance to a suntan.
Sunscreen, also known as sunblock, sun cream or suntan lotion, is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects some of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation and thus helps protect against sunburn.
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme that alternately catalyzes the dismutation (or partitioning) of the superoxide (O2&minus) radical into either ordinary molecular oxygen (O2) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
Tarte Cosmetics is a cosmetics brand headquartered in New York City.
The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women is a nonfiction book by Naomi Wolf, published in 1990 by Chatto & Windus.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.
Tremella fuciformis is a species of fungus; it produces white, frond-like, gelatinous basidiocarps (fruiting bodies).
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Unilever () is a British-Dutch transnational consumer goods company co-headquartered in London, United Kingdom and Rotterdam, Netherlands.
Vaseline Also pronounced with the main stress on the last syllable.
Venetian Ceruse, also known as Spirits of Saturn, was a 16th-century cosmetic used as a skin whitener.
Vitamin K is a group of structurally similar, fat-soluble vitamins that the human body requires for complete synthesis of certain proteins that are prerequisites for blood coagulation (K from Koagulation, Danish for "coagulation") and which the body also needs for controlling binding of calcium in bones and other tissues.
Waterproofing is the process of making an object or structure waterproof or water-resistant so that it remains relatively unaffected by water or resisting the ingress of water under specified conditions.
Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.
A wet wipe, also known as a wet towel or a moist towelette, or a baby wipe in specific circumstances, is a small moistened piece of paper or cloth that often comes folded and individually wrapped for convenience.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xenoestrogens are a type of xenohormone that imitates estrogen.
Yves Rocher (7 April 1930 – 26 December 2009) was a French businessman and founder of the cosmetics company that bears his name.
Yves Saint Laurent SAS (YSL), also known as Saint Laurent, is a French luxury fashion house founded by Yves Saint Laurent and his partner, Pierre Bergé.
In the human skull, the zygomatic bone (cheekbone or malar bone) is a paired bone which articulates with the maxilla, the temporal bone, the sphenoid bone and the frontal bone.
2-Butoxyethanol is an organic compound with the chemical formula BuOC2H4OH (Bu.
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