206 relations: Ahmedabad, Alabama, Amalgamated Association of Operative Cotton Spinners, American Civil War, Ancoats, Apprenticeship, Asia, Atherton, Greater Manchester, Bankruptcy, BBC Television, Beam engine, Beamer (occupation), Beverly Cotton Manufactory, Birmingham, Blackburn, Blackstone River, Board of guardians, Boiler, Boston Manufacturing Company, Boulton and Watt, Bristol, Broadstone Mill, Reddish, Bronchitis, Burnley, Bury, Byssinosis, Cambridge University Press, Carcinogen, Cast iron, Caton with Littledale, Charles River, Charles Sheeler, Cheesden Valley, Cheshire, Child labour, China, Cholera, Corliss steam engine, Cotton, Cotton Industry Act 1959, Cotton-spinning machinery, Cottonopolis, Cromford Mill, David Dale, Derby, Derbyshire, Doncaster, Durham, England, Dwarkanath Tagore, Eastern Europe, ..., Eaton Hodgkinson, Economizer, Edmund Cartwright, Elizabeth Gaskell, Factory, Factory Acts, Factory inspector, Factory system, Fine Spinners and Doublers, Flax, Flued boiler, Flying shuttle, Francis Cabot Lowell, Fustian, Gatehouse of Fleet, George Henry Corliss, Glossop, Great Depression, Haarlem Mill, Heywood, Greater Manchester, History of Lowell, Massachusetts, Hot racking, Houldsworth Mill, Reddish, India, Industrial Revolution, Investigative journalism, Iron founder, Isle of Bute, Jack arch, James Hargreaves, James Watt, John Kay (flying shuttle), John Lombe, John Wyatt (inventor), Joint-stock company, Keighley, Kolkata, L. S. Lowry, Labor History (journal), Labour movement, Lancashire, Lancashire Coalfield, Lancashire Cotton Corporation, Lancashire Cotton Famine, Lancashire Loom, Lancaster, Lancashire, Leominster, Lewis Paul, Like a Family, Littleborough, Greater Manchester, Lombe's Mill, Loom, Machine tool, Magistrate, Manchester, Marvel's Mill, Mary Barton, Matthew Boulton, McConnel & Kennedy Mills, Mersey and Irwell Navigation, Mill town, Millwright, Minerva Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne, Mississippi, Moorland, Moses Brown, Mumbai, Murrays' Mills, New England, New Lanark, Newcomen atmospheric engine, North and South (Gaskell novel), North West England, Northampton, Northrop Loom, Nottingham, Oceania, Oldham Limiteds, Open-end spinning, Papplewick, Patent, Paul Moody (inventor), Pauper apprentice, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, Pear New Mill, Pennines, Peter Drinkwater, Philip Sidney Stott, Piccadilly Mill, Piedmont (United States), Pinsley Mill, Pirn, Power loom, Providence, Rhode Island, Putting-out system, Quarry Bank Mill, Ramsbottom, Richard Arkwright, Ring spinning, Robert Owen, Roberts Loom, Rochdale, Rochdale Canal, Rossendale, Rothesay, Bute, Royal Exchange, Manchester, Salford, Greater Manchester, Saluda River, Samuel Crompton, Samuel Greg, Samuel Slater, Samuel Touchet, Scrotum, Shudehill Mill, Slater Mill Historic Site, Slide valve, Smithsonian Institution, Soho Manufactory, South Carolina, Spinning (textiles), Spinning frame, Spinning jenny, Spinning mule, Stationary steam engine, Steam engine, Stott, Styal, Terracotta, Textile, Textile manufacturing, The Morland Dynasty, Thomas Highs, Thomas Newcomen, Thomas Somers, Trade union, Tuberculosis, Upper Priory Cotton Mill, Virginia, Viyella, Wakes week, Waltham, Massachusetts, Waltham-Lowell system, Ware Shoals, South Carolina, Water frame, Water wheel, Watt steam engine, Weaving, West Riding of Yorkshire, William Blake, William Fairbairn, Wirksworth, Working animal, Worsted, Wrought iron, Yarn, 1829–51 cholera pandemic. Expand index (156 more) » « Shrink index
Ahmedabad, also known as Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of the Indian state of Gujarat.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Amalgamated Association of Operative Cotton Spinners and Twiners, also known as the Amalgamation, was a trade union in the United Kingdom which existed between 1870 and 1970.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Ancoats is an inner city area of Manchester in North West England, next to the Northern Quarter, the northern part of Manchester city centre.
An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Atherton (pop. 20,300) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England and historically was a part of Lancashire.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.
BBC Television is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation.
A beam engine is a type of steam engine where a pivoted overhead beam is used to apply the force from a vertical piston to a vertical connecting rod.
A beamer was an occupation in the cotton industry.
Beverly Cotton Manufactory was the first cotton mill built in America, and the largest cotton mill to be built during its era.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Blackburn is a town in Lancashire, England.
The Blackstone River is a river in the U.S. states of Massachusetts and Rhode Island.
Boards of guardians were ad hoc authorities that administered Poor Law in the United Kingdom from 1835 to 1930.
A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid (generally water) is heated.
The Boston Manufacturing Company was a business that operated the first factory in America.
* Boulton & Watt was an early British engineering and manufacturing firm in the business of designing and making marine and stationary steam engines.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
Broadstone Mill was a double cotton spinning mill on the eastern bank of the Stockport Branch Canal in Reddish, Stockport, Greater Manchester, in England.
Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi (large and medium-sized airways) in the lungs.
Burnley is a market town in Lancashire, England, with a population of 73,021.
Bury is a town in Greater Manchester, England, on the River Irwell east of Bolton, southwest of Rochdale and northwest of Manchester.
Byssinosis, also called "brown lung disease" or "Monday fever", is an occupational lung disease caused by exposure to cotton dust in inadequately ventilated working environments.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
The civil parish of Caton with Littledale is situated in Lancashire, England, near the River Lune.
The Charles River (sometimes called the River Charles or simply the Charles) is an long river in eastern Massachusetts.
Charles Sheeler (July 16, 1883 – May 7, 1965) was an American painter and commercial photographer.
The Cheesden Valley is a valley in the Heywood area of Greater Manchester, England.
Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
A Corliss steam engine (or Corliss engine) is a steam engine, fitted with rotary valves and with variable valve timing patented in 1849, invented by and named after the American engineer George Henry Corliss of Providence, Rhode Island.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
The United Kingdom Cotton Industry Act 1959 aimed to reorganise the Lancashire cotton industry to prevent its further decline.
Cotton-spinning machinery refers to machines which process (or spin) prepared cotton roving into workable yarn or thread.
Cottonopolis was a 19th century nickname for Manchester, as it was a metropolis and the centre of the cotton industry.
Cromford Mills is a multi-use visitor centre, office space and learning venue which is the centrepiece of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Derwent Valley Mills - once the home of the world's first water-powered cotton spinning mill, developed by Richard Arkwright in 1771 in Cromford, Derbyshire, England.
David Dale (1739–1806) was a leading Scottish industrialist, merchant and philanthropist during the Scottish Enlightenment period at the end of the 18th century.
Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England.
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Doncaster is a large market town in South Yorkshire, England.
Durham (locally) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.
Dwarkanath Tagore (দ্বারকানাথ ঠাকুর, Darokanath Ţhakur) (1794–1846), one of the first Indian industrialists and entrepreneurs, was the founder of the Jorasanko branch of the Tagore family, and is notable for making substantial contributions to the Bengal Renaissance.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Eaton A. Hodgkinson FRS (26 February 1789 – 18 June 1861) was an English engineer, a pioneer of the application of mathematics to problems of structural design.
Economizers (US and Oxford spelling), or economisers (UK), are mechanical devices intended to reduce energy consumption, or to perform useful function such as preheating a fluid.
Edmund Cartwright (24 April 1743 – 30 October 1823) was an English inventor.
Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, (née Stevenson; 29 September 1810 – 12 November 1865), often referred to as Mrs Gaskell, was an English novelist, biographer, and short story writer.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
The Factory Acts were a series of UK labour law Acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to regulate the conditions of industrial employment.
A Factory inspector is someone who checks that factories comply with regulations affecting them.
The factory system is a method of manufacturing using machinery and division of labour.
Fine Spinners and Doublers was a major cotton spinning business based in Manchester, England.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
A shell or flued boiler is an early and relatively simple form of boiler used to make steam, usually for the purpose of driving a steam engine.
The flying shuttle was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution.
Francis Cabot Lowell (April 7, 1775 – August 10, 1817) was an American businessman for whom the city of Lowell, Massachusetts, is named.
Fustian is a variety of heavy cloth woven from cotton, chiefly prepared for menswear.
Gatehouse of Fleet (Gatehoose o Fleet Taigh an Rathaid) is a town in the Civil Parish of Girthon, Kirkcudbrightshire, within the District Council Region of Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, which has existed since the mid-18th century, although the area has been inhabited since much earlier.
George Henry Corliss (June 2, 1817 – February 21, 1888) was an American mechanical engineer and inventor, who developed the Corliss steam engine, which was a great improvement over any other stationary steam engine of its time.
Glossop is a market town in the High Peak, Derbyshire, England, about east of Manchester, west of Sheffield and north of the county town, Matlock.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Haarlem Mill, on the River Ecclesbourne in Wirksworth, Derbyshire, was an early cotton mill.
Heywood is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England.
The History of Lowell is closely tied to its location along the Pawtucket Falls of the Merrimack River, from being an important fishing ground for the Pennacook tribe to providing water power for the factories that formed the basis of the city's economy for a century.
Hot racking (also known as hot bunking or hot bedding) is the sanctioned practice within military organizations of assigning more than one crew member to a bed or "rack" to reduce berthing (sleeping) space.
Houldsworth Mill, also known as Reddish Mill, is a former mill in built in 1865 in Reddish, Stockport, Greater Manchester, England.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corruption, or corporate wrongdoing.
An iron founder (also iron-founder or ironfounder) is a worker in molten ferrous metal, generally working within an iron foundry.
The Isle of Bute (Eilean Bhòid or An t-Eilean Bhòdach), properly simply Bute, is an island in the Firth of Clyde in Scotland.
A jack arch is a structural element in masonry construction that provides support at openings in the masonry.
James Hargreaves (c. 1720 – 22 April 1778) was a weaver, carpenter and inventor in Lancashire, England.
James Watt (30 January 1736 (19 January 1736 OS) – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.
John Kay (17 June 1704 – c. 1779) was the inventor of the flying shuttle, which was a key contribution to the Industrial Revolution.
John Lombe (1693 in Norwich – November 20, 1722 in Derby) was a silk spinner in the 18th century Derby, England.
John Wyatt (April 1700 – 29 November 1766), an English inventor, was born near Lichfield and was related to Sarah Ford, Doctor Johnson's mother.
A joint-stock company is a business entity in which shares of the company's stock can be bought and sold by shareholders.
Keighley is a town and civil parish within the metropolitan borough of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Laurence Stephen Lowry (1 November 1887 – 23 February 1976) was an English artist.
Labor History is a peer-reviewed academic journal which publishes articles regarding the history of the labor movement in the United States, Europe, and other regions and countries.
The labour movement or labor movement consists of two main wings, the trade union movement (British English) or labor union movement (American English), also called trade unionism or labor unionism on the one hand, and the political labour movement on the other.
Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.
The Lancashire Coalfield in North West England was one of the most important British coalfields.
The Lancashire Cotton Corporation was a company set up by the Bank of England in 1929, to rescue the Lancashire spinning industry by means of horizontal rationalisation.
The Lancashire Cotton Famine, also known as the Cotton Famine or the Cotton Panic (1861–65), was a depression in the textile industry of North West England, brought about by overproduction in a time of contracting world markets.
The Lancashire Loom was a semi-automatic power loom invented by James Bullough and William Kenworthy in 1842.
Lancaster is the county town of Lancashire, England. It is on the River Lune and has a population of 52,234; the wider City of Lancaster local government district has a population of 138,375. Long a commercial, cultural and educational centre, Lancaster gives Lancashire its name. The House of Lancaster was a branch of the English royal family, whilst the Duchy of Lancaster holds large estates on behalf of Elizabeth II, who is also the Duke of Lancaster. Lancaster is an ancient settlement, dominated by Lancaster Castle, Lancaster Priory Church and the Ashton Memorial. It is also home to Lancaster University and a campus of the University of Cumbria.
Leominster is a market town in Herefordshire, England, and is located at the confluence of the River Lugg and its tributary the River Kenwater, approximately north of the city of Hereford and approx 7 miles south of the Shropshire border, 11 miles from Ludlow in Shropshire.
Lewis Paul (died 1759) was the original inventor of roller spinning, the basis of the water frame for spinning cotton in a cotton mill.
Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World is a history of the cotton textile industry in the American South, especially the Piedmont region of the states of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama.
Littleborough is a town.
Lombe's Mill was the first successful silk throwing mill in England.
A loom is a device used to weave cloth and tapestry.
A machine tool is a machine for shaping or machining metal or other rigid materials, usually by cutting, boring, grinding, shearing, or other forms of deformation.
The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Marvel's Mill or Marvell's Mill on the River Nene in Northampton, England, was the world's second factory for spinning cotton, the first to be operated as a water mill, and the first to be driven by an inanimate power-source.
Mary Barton is the first novel by English author Elizabeth Gaskell, published in 1848.
Matthew Boulton (3 September 1728 – 17 August 1809) was an English manufacturer and business partner of Scottish engineer James Watt.
McConnel & Kennedy Mills are a group of cotton mills on Redhill Street in Ancoats, Manchester, England.
The Mersey and Irwell Navigation was a river navigation in North West England, which provided a navigable route from the Mersey estuary to Salford and Manchester, by improving the course of the River Irwell and the River Mersey.
A mill town, also known as factory town or mill village, is typically a settlement that developed around one or more mills or factories, usually cotton mills or factories producing textiles.
A millwright is a high precision craftsman or tradesman who installs, dismantles, repairs, reassembles, and moves machinery in factories, power plants, and construction sites.
Minerva Mill was a cotton spinning mill in Ashton-under-Lyne, Greater Manchester, England.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
Moorland or moor is a type of habitat found in upland areas in temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands and montane grasslands and shrublands biomes, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidic soils.
Moses Brown (September 23, 1738 – September 6, 1836) was an American abolitionist and industrialist from New England, who funded the design and construction of some of the first factory houses for spinning machines during the American industrial revolution, including Slater Mill.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Murrays' Mills is a complex of former cotton mills on land between Jersey Street and the Rochdale Canal in the district of Ancoats, Manchester, England.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, approximately 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometres) from Lanark, in Lanarkshire, and some southeast of Glasgow, Scotland.
The atmospheric engine was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712, and is often referred to simply as a Newcomen engine.
North and South is a social novel by English writer Elizabeth Gaskell.
North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside.
Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England.
The Northrop Loom was a fully automatic power loom marketed by George Draper and Sons, Hopedale, Massachusetts beginning in 1895.
Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, north of London, in the East Midlands.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
Oldham Limiteds were the 154 cotton manufacturing companies founded to build or operate cotton mills in Oldham in northwest England, and predominantly during the joint-stock boom of 1873–1875.
Open-end spinning is a technology for creating yarn without using a spindle.
The parish of Papplewick is situated towards the west of central Nottinghamshire, to the north of the town of Hucknall.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Paul Moody (May 23, 1779 – July 5, 1831) was a U.S. textile machinery inventor born in Byfield, Massachusetts (Town of Newbury).
Pauper apprentices in England and Wales were the children of paupers who were bound out by the local parish overseers and churchwardens.
Pawtucket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States.
Pear New Mill is a former Edwardian cotton spinning mill on the northern bank of the River Goyt in Bredbury, Stockport, Greater Manchester, England.
The Pennines, also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a range of mountains and hills in England separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England.
Peter Drinkwater (1750 – 15 November 1801) was an English cotton manufacturer and merchant.
Sir Philip Sidney Stott, 1st Baronet (20 February 1858 – 31 March 1937), usually known by his full name or as Sidney Stott, was an English architect, civil engineer and surveyor.
Piccadilly Mill, also known as Bank Top Mill or Drinkwater's Mill, owned by Peter Drinkwater, was the first cotton mill in Manchester, England, to be directly powered by a steam engine, and the 10th such mill in the world.
The Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States.
Pinsley Mill, also known as Etnam Street Mill, is a former watermill in Leominster, Herefordshire, England.
A pirn is a rod onto which weft thread is wound for use in weaving.
A power loom is a mechanized loom, and was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution.
Providence is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island and is one of the oldest cities in the United States.
The putting-out system is a means of subcontracting work.
Quarry Bank Mill (also known as Styal Mill) in Styal, Cheshire, England, is one of the best preserved textile mills of the Industrial Revolution and is now a museum of the cotton industry.
Ramsbottom is a market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England.
Sir Richard Arkwright (23 December 1732 – 3 August 1792) was an English inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution.
Ring spinning is a method of spinning fibres, such as cotton, flax or wool, to make a yarn.
Robert Owen (14 May 1771 – 17 November 1858) was a Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropic social reformer, and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.
The Roberts Loom was a cast-iron power loom introduced by Richard Roberts in 1830.
Rochdale is a town in Greater Manchester, England, at the foothills of the South Pennines on the River Roch, northwest of Oldham and northeast of Manchester.
The Rochdale Canal is a navigable broad canal in Northern England, between Manchester and Sowerby Bridge, part of the connected system of the canals of Great Britain.
Rossendale is a district with borough status in Lancashire, England, holding a number of small former mill towns centred on the valley of the River Irwell in the industrial North West.
Rothesay (Baile Bhòid) is the principal town on the Isle of Bute, in the council area of Argyll and Bute, Scotland.
The Royal Exchange is a grade II listed building in Manchester, England.
Salford is a town in the City of Salford, North West England.
The Saluda River is a principal tributary of the Congaree River, about 200 mi (320 km) long, in northern and western South Carolina in the United States.
Samuel Crompton (3 December 1753 – 26 June 1827) was an English inventor and pioneer of the spinning industry.
Samuel Greg (26 March 1758 – 4 June 1834) was a British entrepreneur of the early Industrial Revolution and a pioneer of the factory system.
Samuel Slater (June 9, 1768 – April 21, 1835) was an early English-American industrialist known as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution" (a phrase coined by Andrew Jackson) and the "Father of the American Factory System".
Samuel Touchet (ca. 1705 – 28 May 1773) was an English cotton merchant, manufacturer and politician.
The scrotum is an anatomical male reproductive structure that consists of a suspended dual-chambered sack of skin and smooth muscle that is present in most terrestrial male mammals and located under the penis.
Shudehill Mill or Simpson's Mill was a very early cotton mill in Manchester city centre, England.
The Slater Mill is a historic textile mill complex on the banks of the Blackstone River in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, modeled after cotton spinning mills first established in England.
The slide valve is a rectilinear valve used to control the admission of steam into, and emission of exhaust from, the cylinder of a steam engine.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
The Soho Manufactory was an early factory which pioneered mass production on the assembly line principle, in Soho, Birmingham, England, at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, and is a major part of the textile industry.
The spinning frame is an Industrial Revolution invention for spinning thread or yarn from fibres such as wool or cotton in a mechanised way.
The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame, and was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution.
The spinning mule is a machine used to spin cotton and other fibres.
Stationary steam engines are fixed steam engines used for pumping or driving mills and factories, and for power generation.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
The Stotts were a family of architects from Oldham, North West England, of Scottish descent who specialised in the design of cotton mills.
Styal ("style") is a village on the River Bollin near Wilmslow, Cheshire, England.
Terracotta, terra cotta or terra-cotta (Italian: "baked earth", from the Latin terra cocta), a type of earthenware, is a clay-based unglazed or glazed ceramic, where the fired body is porous.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Textile manufacturing is a major industry.
The Morland Dynasty is a series of historical novels by Cynthia Harrod-Eagles, recounting the lives of the Morland family of York, England and their national and international relatives and associates.
Thomas Highs (1718–1803), of Leigh, Lancashire, was a reed-maker and manufacturer of cotton carding and spinning engines in the 1780s, during the Industrial Revolution.
Thomas Newcomen (February 1664 – 5 August 1729) was an English inventor who created the first practical steam engine in 1712, the Newcomen atmospheric engine.
Thomas Somers was one of the original investors and architects for the Beverly Cotton Manufactory in Beverly, Massachusetts.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
The Upper Priory Cotton Mill, opened in Birmingham, England in the summer of 1741, was the world's first mechanised cotton-spinning factory or cotton mill.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Viyella is a blend of wool and cotton first woven in 1893 in England, and soon to be the "first branded fabric in the world".
The wakes week is a holiday period in parts of England and Scotland.
Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, and was an early center for the labor movement as well as a major contributor to the American Industrial Revolution.
The Waltham-Lowell system was a labor and production model employed in the United States, particularly in New England, during the early years of the American textile industry in the early 19th century.
Ware Shoals is a town in Abbeville, Greenwood, and Laurens counties in the U.S. state of South Carolina, along the Saluda River.
A water frame is a water-powered spinning frame designed for the production of cotton thread, first used in 1768.
A water wheel is a machine for converting the energy of flowing or falling water into useful forms of power, often in a watermill.
The Watt steam engine (alternatively known as the Boulton and Watt steam engine) was the first type of steam engine to make use of a separate condenser.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England.
William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.
Sir William Fairbairn, 1st Baronet of Ardwick (19 February 1789 – 18 August 1874) was a Scottish civil engineer, structural engineer and shipbuilder.
Wirksworth is a market town in the Derbyshire Dales district of Derbyshire, England, with a population recorded as 5,038 in the 2011 census.
A working animal is an animal, usually domesticated, that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks.
Worsted is a high-quality type of wool yarn, the fabric made from this yarn, and a yarn weight category.
puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
The second cholera pandemic (1829–1851), also known as the Asiatic Cholera Pandemic, was a cholera pandemic that reached from India across western Asia to Europe, Great Britain and the Americas, as well as east to China and Japan.