202 relations: Act of Parliament, African Great Lakes, Agriculture and Fisheries Council, Alliance (Poland), Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romania), Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party, Anastasiades government, Andrej Babiš' Second Cabinet, ANO 2011, Austria, Austrian People's Party, Berlaymont building, Bettel–Schneider Ministry, Bicameralism, Blue Reform, Brussels, Budget of the European Union, Cabinet of Andrej Plenković, Cabinet of Mateusz Morawiecki, Cabinet of Miro Cerar, Centre Party (Finland), Chairman, Charlemagne building, Charles de Gaulle, Château of Val-Duchesse, Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, Christian Democratic Appeal, Christian Democratic People's Party (Hungary), Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Christian Social Union in Bavaria, Christian Union (Netherlands), Committee of Permanent Representatives, Common Agricultural Policy, Common Fisheries Policy, Common Foreign and Security Policy, Common Security and Defence Policy, Competitiveness Council (COMPET), Conservative Party (UK), Conservative People's Party (Denmark), Conte Cabinet, Council of Ministers (Portugal), Croatian Democratic Union, Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats, CVCE.eu, Czech Social Democratic Party, Dăncilă Cabinet, Decision (European Union), Democratic Movement (France), Democratic Party (Luxembourg), ..., Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia, Democratic Rally, Democrats 66, Direction – Social Democracy, Directive (European Union), Director general, Donald Tusk, Economic and Financial Affairs Council, Education, Youth, Culture and Sport Council, Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council, Environment Council, Estonian Centre Party, Euro, Euro summit, Eurogroup, Europa (Web portal), Europa building, European Atomic Energy Community, European Christian Political Movement, European Coal and Steel Community, European Commission, European Commissioner, European Commissioner for External Relations, European Communities, European Council, European Democratic Party, European Economic Community, European Fiscal Compact, European Free Alliance, European Green Party, European Parliament, European People's Party, European political party, European Space Agency, European Union law, European Union legislative procedure, Eurozone, Executive (government), Fidesz, Fine Gael, Five Star Movement, For Latvia and Ventspils, Foreign Affairs Council, Fourth Merkel cabinet, Fourth Orbán Government, Freedom Party of Austria, General Affairs Council, General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union, GERB, Government of the 32nd Dáil, Green Party (Sweden), Head of government, Head of state, High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement, Independent Greeks, Institutions of the European Union, International Criminal Court, Jüri Ratas' cabinet, Jeppe Tranholm-Mikkelsen, Justice and Home Affairs Council, Justus Lipsius building, Kučinskis cabinet, Kurz government, La République En Marche!, Labour Party (Malta), Lars Løkke Rasmussen III Cabinet, Latvian Farmers' Union, Latvian Green Party, Law and Justice, Löfven Cabinet, Lega Nord, Lex building, Liberal Alliance (Denmark), Liepāja Party, List of directorates-general of the Council of the European Union, Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union, London School of Economics, Luxembourg compromise, Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party, Maastricht Treaty, Majority, Maltese Government 2017–2022, Manchester University Press, Member state of the European Union, Merger Treaty, Michel Government, Minister (government), Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, Modern Centre Party, Most–Híd, Mouvement Réformateur, Movement for a Europe of Liberties and Democracy, Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom, Myanmar, National Alliance (Latvia), National Coalition Party, National Front for the Salvation of Bulgaria, New Flemish Alliance, Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten, Party of European Socialists, Party of the European Left, Pellegrini's Cabinet, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Presidency of the Council of the European Union, President of France, President of the European Commission, President of the European Council, Pro Patria (Estonian political party), Radical Movement, Reading (legislature), Recommendation (European Union), Regulation (European Union), Sánchez government, Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras, Second May ministry, Second Philippe government, Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union, Sipilä Cabinet, Skvernelis Cabinet, Slovenia, Small arms, Social Democratic Party (Estonia), Social Democratic Party (Romania), Social Democratic Party of Germany, Social Democratic Party of Lithuania, Social Democrats (Slovenia), Socialist Party (France), Socialist Party (Portugal), Socialists' Party of Catalonia, Space policy of the European Union, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, Special Committee on Agriculture, Statutory law, Supermajority, Swedish Social Democratic Party, Syriza, The Greens (Luxembourg), The Republicans (France), Third Borisov Government, Third Rutte cabinet, Three pillars of the European Union, Transport, Telecommunications and Energy Council, Treaty of Lisbon, Treaty of Rome, Unanimity, United Poland, Unity (Latvian political party), Venstre (Denmark), Voting in the Council of the European Union, Walter Hallstein. 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Acts of Parliament, also called primary legislation, are statutes passed by a parliament (legislature).
The African Great Lakes (Maziwa Makuu) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.
The Agriculture and Fisheries Council (AGRIFISH) is one of the configurations of the Council of the European Union and is composed of the agriculture and fisheries ministers of the 28 European Union member states.
The Alliance (Porozumienie, literally "Agreement") is a conservative and conservative-liberal political party in Poland founded in November 2017, led by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Science and Higher Education Jarosław Gowin, as an expansion of Gowin's previous party, Poland Together.
The Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE), formerly known as the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR), is a conservative and eurosceptic European political party with a main focus on reforming the European Union (EU) on the basis of Eurorealism, as opposed to total rejection of the EU (anti-EU-ism).
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților, ALDE) is a political party in Romania.
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe.
The Anastasiades government is the incumbent government of Cyprus, forming the Council of Ministers.
Andrej Babiš' second Cabinet is a centre-left minority coalition government, consisting of ANO 2011, a centrist populist political movement, and the centre-left Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD).
ANO 2011 is a centrist populist political party in the Czech Republic founded by Andrej Babiš, the second-wealthiest person in the Czech Republic, owner of the Agrofert conglomerate, and Mafra media group.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Austrian People's Party (Österreichische Volkspartei; ÖVP) is a Christian democratic and conservative political party in Austria.
The Berlaymont is an office building in Brussels, Belgium, that houses the headquarters of the European Commission, which is the executive of the European Union (EU).
The Bettel–Schneider Ministry is the current government of Luxembourg.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
Blue Reform (Finnish: Sininen tulevaisuus, shortened to SIN, Swedish: Blå framtid, Finnish Patent and Registration Office. Retrieved 8 July 2017. lit. blue future) is a Finnish centre-right liberal conservative political party.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
The European Union has a budget to pay for policies carried out at European level (such as agriculture, assistance to poorer regions, trans-European networks, research, some overseas development aid) and for its administration, including a parliament, executive branch, and judiciary that are distinct from those of the member states.
The Fourteenth Government of the Republic of Croatia (Četrnaesta Vlada Republike Hrvatske) is the Croatian Government cabinet currently being led by Prime Minister Andrej Plenković.
The Cabinet of Mateusz Morawiecki formed the current government of Poland, following Szydło's cabinet.
The Cabinet of Prime Minister Miro Cerar was announced on 18 September 2014.
The Centre Party of Finland (Suomen Keskusta, Kesk; Centern i Finland) is a centrist, liberal, and agrarian political party in Finland.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
The Charlemagne building is a high-rise in the European Quarter of Brussels, which houses the Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, the Directorate-General for Trade and, since 2015, the Internal Audit Service of the Commission.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
The Château of Val-Duchesse (Château de Val-Duchesse, Kasteel van Hertoginnedal) is a mansion and estate situated in the municipality of Auderghem in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium.
Christian Democratic and Flemish (Dutch: Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, CD&V) is a Christian democratic Flemish political party in Belgium.
The Christian Democratic Appeal (Christen-Democratisch Appèl,; CDA) is a Christian-democratic political party in the Netherlands.
The Christian Democratic People's Party (Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt, KDNP) is a Christian democratic political party in Hungary.
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.
The Christian Social Union in Bavaria is a Christian-democratic and conservative political party in Germany.
The Christian Union (ChristenUnie, CU) is a Christian democratic political party in the Netherlands.
COREPER, from French Comité des représentants permanents, is the Committee of Permanent Representatives in the European Union, made up of the head or deputy head of mission from the EU member states in Brussels.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the agricultural policy of the European Union.
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the fisheries policy of the European Union (EU).
The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) is the organised, agreed foreign policy of the European Union (EU) for mainly security and defence diplomacy and actions.
The Common Security and Defence Policy, CSDP, whose structures are sometimes referred to as the European Defence Union) is the EU's policy arrangements and related institutions in the fields of defence and crisis management. The implementation of the CSDP involves the deployment of military or civilian missions for peace-keeping, conflict prevention and strengthening international security in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Charter. Military missions are carried out by EU forces established with contributions from the member states' armed forces. The CSDP also entails collective self-defence amongst member states as well as a Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) in which 25 of the 28 national armed forces pursue structural integration. The Union's High Representative (HR/VP), currently Federica Mogherini, is responsible for proposing and implementing CSDP decisions. Such decisions are adopted by the Foreign Affairs Council (FAC), generally requiring unanimity. The CSDP structures, headed by the HR/VP, comprise relevant sections of the External Action Service (EEAS)—including the Military Staff (EUMS) with its operational headquarters (MPCC)—a number of FAC preparatory bodies—such as the Military Committee (EUMC)—as well as four agencies, including the Defence Agency (EDA).
The Competitiveness Council (COMPET) is a configuration of the Council of the European Unionhttp://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/council-eu/ that meets at least four times a year.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Conservative People's Party (Det Konservative Folkeparti, DKF), also known as the Conservatives (Konservative) is a conservative centre-right political party in Denmark.
The Conte Cabinet, led by Giuseppe Conte, is the 65th cabinet of the Italian Republic.
The Council of Ministers (Conselho de Ministros, or) is a collegial executive body within the Government of Portugal.
The Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica or HDZ, literally translated: Croatian Democratic Community) is a conservative political party and the main centre-right political party in Croatia.
The Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats (Hrvatska narodna stranka – Liberalni demokrati or HNS – LD) is a liberal political party in Croatia.
The Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance de l'Europe (CVCE) is an interdisciplinary research and documentation centre dedicated to the European integration process.
The Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická, ČSSD) is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic.
The Dăncilă Cabinet is the 129th Government of Romania.
In European Union law, a decision is a legal instrument which is binding upon those individuals to which it is addressed.
The Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocrate; MoDem) is a centrist political party in France that is characterised by a strong pro-European stance.
The Democratic Party (Demokratesch Partei, Parti Démocratique, Demokratische Partei), abbreviated to DP, is the major liberal political party in Luxembourg.
The Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (Demokratična stranka upokojencev Slovenije, also known by the acronym DeSUS) is a Slovenian political party led by Karl Erjavec.
The Democratic Rally (Δημοκρατικός Συναγερμός (ΔΗΣΥ), Dimokratikós Sinagermós (DISY); Demokratik Seferberlik (DİSİ)), is a conservative and Christian-democratic political party in Cyprus, led by Averof Neofytou.
Democrats 66 (Democraten 66, D66,; officially Politieke Partij Democraten 66) is a social-liberal political party in the Netherlands.
Direction – Social Democracy (Smer – sociálna demokracia, Smer – SD) is a social-democratic political party in Slovakia.
A directive is a legal act of the European Union which requires member states to achieve a particular result without dictating the means of achieving that result.
A director general or director-general (plural: directors generals, sometimes director generals) or general director is a senior executive officer, often the chief executive officer, within a governmental, statutory, NGO, third sector or not-for-profit institution.
Donald Franciszek Tusk (Polish:; born 22 April 1957) is a Polish politician who has been the President of the European Council since 2014.
The Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN) is one of the oldest configurations of the Council of the European Union and is composed of the economics and finance ministers of the 28 European Union member states, as well as Budget Ministers when budgetary issues are discussed.
The Education, Youth, Culture and Sport Council (EYCS) is a configuration of the Council of the European Union It meets three or four times a year, twice in its full configuration.
The Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council (EPSCO)http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/council-eu/configurations/epsco/ is a configuration of the Council of the European Union.
The Environment Council (ENV) is a configuration of the Council of the European Union.
The Estonian Centre Party (Eesti Keskerakond) is a centrist, social-liberal, and populist political party in Estonia.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
The Euro summit (also referred to as the eurozone summit or euro area summit) is the meeting of the heads of state or government of the member states of the eurozone (those EU states which have adopted the euro).
The Eurogroup is the recognised collective term for informal meetings of the finance ministers of the eurozone—those member states of the European Union (EU) which have adopted the euro as their official currency.
Europa is the official web portal of the European Union (EU), providing information on how the EU works, related news, events, publications and links to websites of institutions, agencies and other bodies.
The Europa building is the seat of the European Council and Council of the European Union, located on Wetstraat/Rue de la Loi in the European Quarter of Brussels, the capital city of Belgium.
The European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom) is an international organisation established by the Euratom Treaty on 25 March 1957 with the original purpose of creating a specialist market for nuclear power in Europe; developing nuclear energy and distributing it to its member states while selling the surplus to non-member states.
The European Christian Political Movement (ECPM) is a political party at European level that unites national parties from across Europe that share Christian democratic politics.
The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was an organisation of 6 European countries set up after World War II to regulate their industrial production under a centralised authority.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
A European Commissioner is a member of the 28-member European Commission.
The European Commissioner for External Relations was a member of the European Commission with responsibility over the Commissions external representation in the world and the European Union's (EU) Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).
The European Communities (EC), sometimes referred to as the European Community,;; were three international organizations that were governed by the same set of institutions.
The European Council, charged with defining the European Union's (EU) overall political direction and priorities, is the institution of the EU that comprises the heads of state or government of the member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission.
The European Democratic Party (EDP) is a centrist European political party in favour of European integration.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union; also referred to as TSCG or more plainly the Fiscal Stability Treaty is an intergovernmental treaty introduced as a new stricter version of the Stability and Growth Pact, signed on 2 March 2012 by all member states of the European Union (EU), except the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom.
The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a European political coalition that consists of various regionalist political parties in Europe.
The European Green Party (EGP), sometimes referred to as European Greens, is the European political party that operates as a federation of political parties across Europe supporting green politics.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
The European People's Party (EPP) is a conservative and Christian democratic European political party.
A European political party (formally, a political party at European level; informally a Europarty) is a type of political party organisation operating transnationally in Europe and in the institutions of the European Union.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
European Union law is the system of laws operating within the member states of the European Union.
The European Union adopts legislation through a variety of legislative procedures.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance (in full, Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség) is a national-conservative and right-wing populist political party in Hungary.
Fine Gael (English: Family or Tribe of the Irish) is a liberal-conservative and Christian democratic political party in Ireland.
The Five Star Movement (Movimento 5 Stelle, M5S) is a political party in Italy.
For Latvia and Ventspils (Latvijai un Ventspilij) is a small, regionalist political party in Latvia.
The Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) is a configuration of the Council of the European Union that convenes once a month.
The fourth cabinet of Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel is the current government of Germany, sworn in on 14 March 2018 after Merkel was proposed as Chancellor by President of Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier and elected on the first ballot.
The fourth government of Viktor Orbán is the current Government of Hungary since 18 May 2018.
The Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) is a right-wing populist and national-conservative political party in Austria.
The General Affairs Council is a configuration of the Council of the European Union and meets once a month.
The General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union, also known as Council Secretariat, assists the Council of the European Union, the Presidency of the Council of the European Union, the European Council and the President of the European Council.
GERB (ГЕРБ, Граждани за европейско развитие на България, "Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria") is a conservative Bulgarian political party established on 13 March 2006.
The 32nd Dáil was elected at the 2016 general election.
The Green Party (Miljöpartiet de gröna, literally "Environment Party the Greens", commonly referred to in Swedish as "Miljöpartiet" or MP) is a political party in Sweden based upon green politics.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
The High Authority was the executive branch of the former European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).
The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (abbreviated HR or HR/VP, the latter reflecting the vice presidency of the Commission) is the chief co-ordinator and representative of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) within the European Union (EU).
The IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement or IMRO-BNM (ВМРО – Българско Национално Движение, VMRO – Bulgarsko Natsionalno Dvizhenie) is a nationalist political party in Bulgaria that was founded in 1991.
The Independent Greeks (Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες (ΑΝΕΛ), Anexartitoi Ellines, ANEL) is a conservative, national-conservative, and right-wing populist political party in Greece.
The institutions of the European Union are the seven principal decision making bodies of the European Union (EU).
The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
Jüri Ratas' cabinet is the incumbent cabinet of Estonia, in office since 23 November 2016.
Jeppe Tranholm-Mikkelsen (born 30 October 1962) is a Danish diplomat who has served as Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union since July 2015.
The Justice and Home Affairs Council (JHA) is one of the configurations of the Council of the European Union and is composed of the justice and home affairs ministers of the 28 European Union member states.
The Justus Lipsius building, located in Brussels, Belgium, was the headquarters of the Council of the European Union from 1995, and the de facto home of the European Council from 2002 (de jure as of 2004), until their relocation to the adjacent newly constructed Europa building at the beginning of 2017.
The Kučinskis cabinet is the government of Latvia.
The Kurz government (Bundesregierung Kurz) is the current government of Austria, it took office on 18 December 2017.
La République En Marche! (frequently abbreviated REM, LRM or LREM; officially LaREM), sometimes called by its old name En Marche! (English translation: "Forward!", "Onward!", "Working!" or "On The Move!"), is a centrist, liberal and social-liberal political party in France.
The Labour Party (Partit Laburista, PL), formerly known as the Malta Labour Party (MLP), is a social-democratic political party in Malta.
The Third Cabinet of Lars Løkke Rasmussen took office on 28 November 2016, and succeeded the Second Cabinet of Lars Løkke Rasmussen.
The Centre party Latvian Farmers' Union (Centriskā partija Latvijas Zemnieku savienība, LZS) is a centrist and agrarian political party in Latvia.
The Latvian Green Party (Latvijas Zaļā partija, LZP) is a green political party in Latvia.
Law and Justice (Polish), abbreviated to PiS, is a national-conservative, and Christian democratic political party in Poland.
The cabinet of Stefan Löfven is the present Government of Sweden.
Lega Nord (LN; italic), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for the Independence of Padania), is a regionalist political party in Italy.
The Lex building is a high-rise of government offices in the European Quarter of Brussels (Belgium).
The Liberal Alliance (Liberal Alliance) is a liberal and libertarian political party in Denmark.
The Liepāja Party (Liepājās Partija) is a regionalist political party in Latvia.
* Directorate-General A - Administration.
The Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union (Lietuvos valstiečių ir žaliųjų sąjunga, LVŽS; also known as Lithuanian Peasant and Greens Union, formerly Lithuanian Peasant Popular Union, Lietuvos valstiečių liaudininkų sąjunga, LVLS) is a centre-right agrarian political party in Lithuania led by industrial farmer Ramūnas Karbauskis.
The London School of Economics (officially The London School of Economics and Political Science, often referred to as LSE) is a public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The Luxembourg Compromise (or "Luxembourg Accord") was an agreement reached in January 1966 to resolve the "empty chair crisis" which had caused a stalemate within European Economic Community.
The Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Aarbechterpartei, Parti Ouvrier Socialiste Luxembourgeois, Luxemburger Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei), abbreviated to LSAP or POSL, is a social-democratic political party in Luxembourg.
The Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome). The TEU was originally signed on 7 February 1992 by the members of the European Community in Maastricht, Netherlands to further European integration. On 9–10 December 1991, the same city hosted the European Council which drafted the treaty. Upon its entry into force on 1 November 1993 during the Delors Commission, it created the three pillars structure of the European Union and led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro. TEU comprised two novel titles respectively on Common Foreign and Security Policy and Cooperation in the Fields of Justice and Home Affairs, which replaced the former informal intergovernmental cooperation bodies named TREVI and European Political Cooperation on EU Foreign policy coordination. In addition TEU also comprised three titles which amended the three pre-existing community treaties: Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, and the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community which had its abbreviation renamed from TEEC to TEC (being known as TFEU since 2007). The Maastricht Treaty (TEU) and all pre-existing treaties, has subsequently been further amended by the treaties of Amsterdam (1997), Nice (2001) and Lisbon (2009).
A majority is the greater part, or more than half, of the total.
The Maltese Government 2017–2022 is the current Government of Malta since 9 June 2017.
Manchester University Press is the university press of the University of Manchester, England and a publisher of academic books and journals.
The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.
The Merger Treaty (or Brussels Treaty) was a European treaty which combined the three executive bodies of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the European Economic Community (EEC) into a single institutional structure.
The Michel Government is the incumbent Federal Government of Belgium formed following the 2014 Belgian government formation and sworn in on 11 October 2014.
A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the ministry in the government of France that handles France's foreign relations.
The Modern Centre Party (Stranka modernega centra, SMC) is a political party in Slovenia led by Prime Minister Miro Cerar.
Most–Híd (from the Slovak and Hungarian words for "bridge") is an inter-ethnic political party in Slovakia.
The Reformist Movement (Mouvement Réformateur, MR) is a liberal and conservative-liberal French-speaking political party in Belgium.
The Movement for a Europe of Liberties and Democracy (Mouvement pour l'Europe des libertés et de la démocratie), abbreviated to MELD, was a national-conservative political party at European level founded in 2011, composed of parties belonging to the Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD) group in the European Parliament, with the notable absence of the UK Independence Party, which was a member of the EFD, but not of the MELD.
The Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom (Mouvement pour l’Europe des nations et des libertés), abbreviated to MENL or MENF, is an alliance of European political parties founded in 2014.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
The National Alliance, officially the National Alliance "All For Latvia!" – "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" (Nacionālā apvienība „Visu Latvijai!” – „Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK”), abbreviated to NA, is a right-wing populist and national-conservative political party in Latvia.
The National Coalition Party (NCP; Kansallinen Kokoomus; Kok.; Samlingspartiet; Saml.) is a centre-right political party in Finland considered to be liberal, and conservative, and liberal-conservative.
The National Front for the Salvation of Bulgaria or NFSB (Natzionalen Front za Spasenie na Bulgaria) (Национален фронт за спасение на България), is a nationalist political party in Bulgaria.
The New Flemish Alliance (Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie, N-VA) is a Flemish nationalist and conservative political party in Belgium, founded in 2001.
The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a social-democratic European political party.
The Party of the European Left (PEL), commonly abbreviated European Left, is a European political party which operates as an association of democratic socialist and communist political parties in the European Union and other European countries.
Pellegrini's Cabinet is the incumbent Government of Slovakia.
The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie, VVD) is a conservative-liberal political party in the Netherlands.
The presidency of the Council of the European Union is responsible for the functioning of the Council of the European Union, the upper house of the EU legislature.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the:European Union.
The President of the European Council is a principal representative of the European Union (EU) on the world stage, and the person presiding over and driving forward the work of the European Council.
Pro Patria (Isamaa) is a conservative political party in Estonia.
The Radical Movement (Mouvement radical, MR), whose complete name is Radical, Social and Liberal Movement (Mouvement radical, social et libéral) is a social-liberal political party in France.
A reading of a bill is a debate on the bill held before the general body of a legislature, as opposed to before a committee or an other group.
A recommendation in the European Union, according to Article 288 of the (formerly Article 249 TEC), is one of two kinds of non-binding acts cited in the Treaty of Rome.
A regulation is a legal act of the European Union that becomes immediately enforceable as law in all member states simultaneously.
Pedro Sánchez formed the Sánchez government on 7 June 2018 as a result of the success of a motion of no confidence against Mariano Rajoy on 1 June.
The Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras was sworn in on 23 September 2015, following the Greek legislative election in September 2015.
The second May ministry was formed on 11 June 2017 after Queen Elizabeth II invited Theresa May to form a government following the June 2017 snap general election.
The second Philippe government is the forty-first Government of France.
The Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union heads the General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union.
The cabinet of Juha Sipilä is the 74th and incumbent government of Finland.
Skvernelis Cabinet is the 17th cabinet of Lithuania since 1990.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Small arms include handguns (revolvers and pistols) and long guns, such as rifles, carbines, shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, personal defense weapons, and light machine guns.
The Social Democratic Party (Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond, SDE) is a social-democratic political party in Estonia, currently led by Jevgeni Ossinovski.
The Social Democratic Party (Partidul Social Democrat, PSD) is the major social-democratic political party in Romania.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
The Social Democratic Party of Lithuania (Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija, LSDP) is a social-democratic political party in Lithuania.
The Social Democrats (Socialni demokrati, Slovene abbreviation: SD) is a centre-left political party in Slovenia, currently led by Dejan Židan.
The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.
The Socialist Party (Partido Socialista,, PS) is a social-democratic political party in Portugal.
The Socialists' Party of Catalonia (Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya, PSC–PSOE official acronym) is a social-democratic political party in Catalonia, Spain resulting from the merger of two parties Socialist Party of Catalonia–Regrouping led by Josep Pallach i Carolà and Socialist Party of Catalonia–Congress and also the Catalan Federation of the PSOE.
A formal European Space Policy was established on 22 May 2007 when a joint and concomitant meeting at ministerial level of the Council of the European Union and the Council of the European Space Agency adopted a Resolution on the European Space Policy.
The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español; PSOE) is a social-democraticThe PSOE is described as a social-democratic party by numerous sources.
The Special Committee on Agriculture (SCA) is an administrative body of the European Union that prepares the work and tasks of the Agriculture and Fisheries Council (a configuration of the Council of the European Union) concerning agriculture, similar to the role of the Committee of Permanent Representatives (COREPER) for other Council configurations.
Statutory law or statute law is written law set down by a body of legislature or by a singular legislator (in the case of absolute monarchy).
A supermajority or supra-majority or a qualified majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of one-half used for majority.
The Swedish Social Democratic Party (Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti, SAP; literally, "Social Democratic Workers' Party of Sweden"), contesting elections as the Arbetarepartiet–Socialdemokraterna ('The Workers' Party – The Social Democrats'), usually referred to just as the 'Social Democrats' (Socialdemokraterna); is the oldest and largest political party in Sweden.
The Coalition of the Radical Left (translit), mostly known by the syllabic abbreviation Syriza (sometimes stylised SY.RIZ.A.; ΣΥΡΙΖΑ; a pun on the Greek adverb σύρριζα, meaning "from the roots" or "radically"), is a political party in Greece, originally founded in 2004 as a coalition of left-wing and radical left parties.
The Greens (Déi Gréng, Les Verts, Die Grünen) is a green political party in Luxembourg.
The Republicans (Les Républicains; LR) is a centre-right political party in France.
The ninety-third Cabinet of Bulgaria took office on May 4, 2017.
The Third Rutte cabinet is the cabinet of the Netherlands since 26 October 2017.
Between 1993 and 2009, the European Union (EU) legally comprised three pillars.
The Transport, Telecommunications and Energy Council (TTE) is a configuration of the Council of the European Union made up of transport, energy and telecommunications ministers.
The Treaty of Lisbon (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement that amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU).
The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome) is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht).
Unanimity is agreement by all people in a given situation.
United Poland (Solidarna Polska, abbreviated to SP, alternatively translated as "Solidarity Poland" or "Solidary Poland") is a right-wing, Catholic-nationalist political party in Poland.
Unity (Vienotība) is a liberal-conservative political party in Latvia.
VenstreThe party name is officially not translated into any other language, but is in English often referred to as the Liberal Party.
The procedures for voting in the Council of the European Union are described in the treaties of the European Union.
Walter Hallstein (17 November 1901 – 29 March 1982) was a German academic, diplomat, and politician.
Councel of Ministers of the European Community, Council Presidency Insignia, Council of Ministers (European Union), Council of Ministers of the European Community, Council of Ministers of the European Union, Council of The European Union, Council of the EU, Council of the European Communities, Council of the european union, EU Council of Ministers, EU council, European Council of Ministers, European Senate, European Union Council, European Union Council of Ministers, Lithuanian Presidency of the Council of the European Union, Lithuanian Presidency of the Council of the European Union 2013, Representatives of the Governments of the Member States meeting within the Council.