104 relations: Aftenposten, Anders Behring Breivik, Anders Gravers Pedersen, Andrew G. Bostom, Anti-communism, Anti-Defamation League, Aryeh Eldad, Bat Ye'or, Belgium, Bloomsbury Publishing, Bruce Bawer, Cas Mudde, CBS News, Christian Concern, Christianism, Christianity, Christofascism, Cold War, Communism, Conspiracy theory, Counter-terrorism, Criticism of Islam, Crusades, Dagbladet, Daniel Pipes, David Horowitz, David Horowitz Freedom Center, David Littman (activist), Der Spiegel, Donald Trump, English Defence League, Ethnic nationalism, Eurabia, European Parliament, Expo (magazine), Far-right politics, Fascism, Fifth column, Filip Dewinter, Fjordman, Flemish Movement, Friedrich Nietzsche, Geert Wilders, Gerard Batten, Golden Rule, Hope not Hate, Immigration law, Institute for the Study of Islam and Christianity, Institute of Race Relations, Inter Press Service, ..., International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, International Free Press Society, Islam and violence, Islamic fundamentalism, Islamic terrorism, Islamofascism, Islamophobia, Jihad, Jihad Watch, Jihadism, Lars Hedegaard, Moderate Muslim, Moledet, Morgenbladet, Mosque, Multiculturalism, Muslim, Neo-Nazism, No-go area, Osama bin Laden, Pamela Geller, Patrick Sookhdeo, Patterns of Prejudice, Paul Beliën, PJ Media, Politically Incorrect (blog), Pseudonym, Q Society of Australia, Quran, Reuters, Robert Spencer (author), Roger Kimball, September 11 attacks, Sharia, Southern Poverty Law Center, Stop Islamisation of Denmark, Stop Islamisation of Europe, Stop Islamisation of Norway, Stop Islamization of America, Sweden Democrats, Taqiya, Team B, The Brussels Journal, The International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence, The New York Times, Totalitarianism, Transatlantic relations, UK Independence Party, Umbrella organization, Vlaams Belang, War against Islam conspiracy theory, Western world, 2011 Norway attacks, 7 July 2005 London bombings. Expand index (54 more) » « Shrink index
Aftenposten (Norwegian for "The Evening Post") is Norway's largest printed newspaper by circulation.
Fjotolf Hansen (born Anders Behring Breivik (born 13 February 1979), also known by his pseudonym Andrew Berwick, is a Norwegian far-right terrorist who committed the 2011 Norway attacks. On 22 July 2011 he killed eight people by detonating a van bomb amid Regjeringskvartalet in Oslo, then shot dead 69 participants of a Workers' Youth League (AUF) summer camp on the island of Utøya. In August 2012 he was convicted of mass murder, causing a fatal explosion, and terrorism. On the day of the attacks, Breivik electronically distributed a compendium of texts entitled 2083: A European Declaration of Independence, describing his militant ideology. In them, he lays out a worldview encompassing opposition to Islam and blaming feminism for creating a European "cultural suicide".Jones, Jane Clare., The Guardian, 27 July 2011. The texts call Islam and "Cultural Marxism" the enemy and advocate the deportation of all Muslims from Europe based on the model of the Beneš decrees, while also claiming that feminism exists to destroy European culture. Breivik wrote that his main motive for the atrocities was to market his manifesto. Two teams of court-appointed forensic psychiatrists examined Breivik before his trial. The first report diagnosed Breivik as having paranoid schizophrenia. A second psychiatric evaluation was commissioned following widespread criticism of the first. The second evaluation was published a week before the trial; it concluded that Breivik was not psychotic during the attacks nor during the evaluation. He was instead diagnosed as having narcissistic personality disorder. His trial began on 16 April 2012, with closing arguments made on 22 June 2012. On 24 August 2012, Oslo District Court delivered its verdict, finding Breivik sane and guilty of murdering 77 people. He was sentenced to 21 years in prison, in a form of preventive detention that required a minimum of 10 years incarceration and the possibility of one or more extensions for as long as he is deemed a danger to society. This is the maximum penalty in Norway. Breivik announced that he did not recognize the legitimacy of the court and therefore did not accept its decision—he claims he "cannot" appeal because this would legitimize the authority of the Oslo District Court. While imprisoned, Breivik has identified himself as a fascist and a national socialist, saying he previously exploited counterjihadist rhetoric in order to protect ethno-nationalists. In 2015, he said that he has never personally identified as a Christian, and called his religion Odinism. In 2016, Breivik sued Norwegian Correctional Service, claiming that his solitary confinement violated his human rights and subjected him to degrading treatment and privacy violations. In its judgment of 20 April 2016, the City Court found that Breivik's rights under Article 3 of the Convention had been violated, but not those under Article 8. The government appealed against the City Court's judgment as concerned the finding of a breach of Article 3 of the Convention, while Breivik appealed as concerned the finding that Article 8 had not been breached. On 1 March 2017, the Court of Appeals ruled that neither Article 3 nor Article 8 had been breached. On 8 June 2017, Norway's Supreme Court upheld the verdict of the Court of Appeals. On 30 June 2017, Breivik filed a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights, which the court dismissed on 21 June 2018.
Anders Gravers Pedersen is a Danish anti-Islam activist.
Andrew G. Bostom (MD, MS) is an American author.
Anti-communism is opposition to communism.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL; formerly known as the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith) is an international Jewish non-governmental organization based in the United States.
Aryeh Eldad, M.D. (אריה אלדד, born 1 May 1950) is an Israeli physician and politician, and a former member of the Knesset for the National Union and Otzma LeYisrael.
Bat Ye'or (בת יאור) is the pen name of Gisèle Littman, an author of the history of religious minorities in the Muslim world and modern European politics.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Bloomsbury Publishing plc (formerly M.B.N.1 Limited and Bloomsbury Publishing Company Limited) is a British independent, worldwide publishing house of fiction and non-fiction.
Theodore Bruce Bawer (born October 31, 1956), who writes under the name Bruce Bawer, is an American writer who has been a resident of Norway since 1999.
Cas Mudde (born 3 June 1967) is a Dutch political scientist who focuses on political extremism and populism in Europe and the United States.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
Christian Concern is the trading name of CCFON Ltd, a Christian evangelical organisation in the United Kingdom which seeks to introduce a Christian voice into law, the media and Government.
Christianism is a word which means religious systems, tenets, or practices of Christians, in various forms of religious practices of denominations and cults, such as Catholicism, Protestantism, Mormonism, etc.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christofascism is a combination of Christian and fascism coined by Dorothee Sölle in 1970.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
A conspiracy theory is an explanation of an event or situation that invokes an unwarranted conspiracy, generally one involving an illegal or harmful act carried out by government or other powerful actors.
Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism.
Criticism of Islam has existed since its formative stages.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.
Dagbladet (lit.: The Daily Magazine) is Norway's sixth largest newspaper with a circulation of 46,250 copies in 2016, down from a peak of 228,834 in 1994.
Daniel Pipes (born September 9, 1949) is an American historian, writer, and commentator.
David Joel Horowitz (born January 10, 1939) is an American conservative writer.
The David Horowitz Freedom Center, formerly the Center for the Study of Popular Culture (CSPC), is a conservative foundation founded in 1988 by political activist David Horowitz and his long-time collaborator Peter Collier.
David Gerald Littman (4 July 1933 – 20 May 2012) was a British human rights activist best known for organising the departure of Jewish children from Morocco when he was 28.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
The English Defence League (EDL) is a far-right and counter-jihadist street-based social movement and pressure group in the United Kingdom.
Ethnic nationalism, also known as ethno-nationalism, is a form of nationalism wherein the nation is defined in terms of ethnicity.
Eurabia is a political neologism, a portmanteau of Europe and Arabia, used to describe a conspiracy theory of globalist elements, allegedly led by French and Arab powers, to Islamise and Arabise Europe, thereby weakening its existing culture and undermining a previous alignment with the U.S. and Israel.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
Expo is a Swedish anti-racist magazine started in 1995 by Stieg Larsson.
Far-right politics are politics further on the right of the left-right spectrum than the standard political right, particularly in terms of more extreme nationalist, and nativist ideologies, as well as authoritarian tendencies.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
A fifth column is any group of people who undermine a larger group from within, usually in favour of an enemy group or nation.
Philip Michel Frans "Filip" Dewinter (born 11 September 1962) is a Belgian politician.
Peder Are Nøstvold Jensen (born 11 June 1975) is a prominent Counter-jihad Norwegian blogger who writes under the pseudonym Fjordman and who has been characterized as far-right and anti-Islamic.
The Flemish Movement (Vlaamse Beweging) is the political movement for greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders, for protection of the Dutch language, for the overall protection of Flemish culture and history, and in some cases, for splitting from Belgium and forming an independent state.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Geert Wilders (born 6 September 1963) is a Dutch politician who is the founder and the current leader of the Party for Freedom (Partij voor de Vrijheid – PVV).
Gerard Joseph Batten (born 27 March 1954) is a British politician who has been the leader of the UK Independence Party since April 2018 and a Member of the European Parliament representing the European parliamentary constituency of London.
The Golden Rule (which can be considered a law of reciprocity in some religions) is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated.
Hope not Hate (stylized as HOPE not hate) is an advocacy group based in the United Kingdom that "campaigns to counter racism and fascism", and to "combine first class research with community organising and grassroots actions to defeat hate groups at elections and to build community resilience against extremism." It was created in 2004 by Nick Lowles, a former editor of anti-fascist magazine ''Searchlight'' (from which it split in late 2011).
Immigration law refers to the national statutes, regulations, and legal precedents governing immigration into and deportation from a country.
The Institute for the Study of Islam and Christianity (ISIC) is an independent non-profit academic institute which looks at the study of Islam, Christianity and Muslim-Christian relations.
The Institute of Race Relations is a think tank based in the United Kingdom.
Inter Press Service (IPS) is a global news agency.
The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT) is an independent think and do tank providing multidisciplinary policy advice and practical, solution-oriented implementation support on prevention and the rule of law, two vital pillars of effective counter-terrorism.
The International Free Press Society (IFPS), founded on January 1, 2009, is a creation of the Danish Free Press Society.
Mainstream Islamic law stipulates detailed regulations for the use of violence, including the use of violence within the family or household, the use of corporal and capital punishment, as well as how, when and against whom to wage war.
Islamic fundamentalism has been defined as a movement of Muslims who think back to earlier times and seek to return to the fundamentals of the religion and live similarly to how the prophet Muhammad and his companions lived.
Islamic terrorism, Islamist terrorism or radical Islamic terrorism is defined as any terrorist act, set of acts or campaign committed by groups or individuals who profess Islamic or Islamist motivations or goals.
Islamic fascism (first described in 1933), also known since 1990 as Islamofascism, is a term drawing an analogy between the ideological characteristics of specific Islamist movements and a broad range of European fascist movements of the early 20th century, neofascist movements, or totalitarianism.
Islamophobia is the fear, hatred of, or prejudice against, the Islamic religion or Muslims generally, especially when seen as a geopolitical force or the source of terrorism.
Jihad (جهاد) is an Arabic word which literally means striving or struggling, especially with a praiseworthy aim.
Jihad Watch is a blog affiliated with the David Horowitz Freedom Center, run by blogger Robert Spencer, Page at Jihadwatch.
The term "Jihadism" (also "jihadist movement", "jihadi movement" and variants) is a 21st-century neologism found in Western languages to describe Islamist militant movements perceived as military movements "rooted in Islam" and "existentially threatening" to the West.
Lars Hedegaard (born 19 September 1942) is a Danish historian, journalist and author.
Moderate Muslim is a label used within counterterrorism discourse as the complement of "Islamic extremism", implying that the support of Islamic terrorism is the characteristic of a "radical" faction within Islam, and that there is a "moderate" faction of Muslims who denounce terrorism.
Moledet (מולדת, Homeland) was a small right-wing political party in Israel.
Morgenbladet is a Norwegian weekly, intellectual newspaper, covering politics, culture and science.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II militant social or political movements seeking to revive and implement the ideology of Nazism.
A "no-go area" (or "no-go zone") is an area in a town barricaded off to civil authorities by a force such as a paramilitary, or an area barred to certain individuals or groups.
Usama ibn Mohammed ibn Awad ibn Ladin (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن), often anglicized as Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), was a founder of, the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States and many other mass-casualty attacks worldwide.
Pamela Geller (born June 14, 1958) is an American political activist and commentator.
Patrick Sookhdeo (born 20 March 1947) is the director of the Institute for the Study of Islam and Christianity and was for 22 years International Director of the Barnabas Fund.
Patterns of Prejudice is a journal about historical and contemporary social exclusion published by Taylor & Francis.
Paul Beliën (born 1959), is a Flemish journalist, author and founder of the conservative blog The Brussels Journal.
PJ Media (originally known as Pajamas Media) is an American conservative news, opinion, and commentary collaborative blog that was founded in 2004.
Politically Incorrect (commonly abbreviated PI) is a mainly German-language Counter-jihad political blog which focuses on topics related to immigration, multiculturalism and Islam in Germany and Western societies.
A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name (orthonym).
The Q Society of Australia Inc.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Robert Bruce Spencer (born February 27, 1962) is an American author and blogger and a key figure of the "counter-jihad" movement in the United States.
Roger Kimball (born 1953), an American art critic and social commentator, is the editor and publisher of The New Criterion and the publisher of Encounter Books.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.
The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) is an American nonprofit legal advocacy organization specializing in civil rights and public interest litigation.
Stop Islamisation of Denmark (Stop Islamiseringen af Danmark) is a Danish anti-Islamic organisation founded in 2005.
Stop Islamisation of Europe (SIOE), also known as Stop the Islamification of Europe, is a group with the stated goal of "preventing Islam from becoming a dominant political force in Europe".
Stop Islamisation of Norway (Stopp islamiseringen av Norge, SIAN) is a Norwegian organisation which was established in 2008, although its history goes back to a group started in 2000.
Stop Islamization of America (SIOA), also known as the American Freedom Defense Initiative, is an anti-Muslim, pro-Israel American organization known primarily for its controversial, Islamophobic advertising campaigns.
Sweden Democrats or Swedish Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna, SD) is a nationalist political party in Sweden that was founded in 1988.
In Islam, Taqiya or taqiyya (تقیة, literally "prudence, fear")R.
Team B was a competitive analysis exercise commissioned by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to analyze threats the Soviet Union posed to the security of the United States.
The Brussels Journal is a conservative blog, founded by the Flemish journalist Paul Beliën.
The International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR) is a non-profit, non-governmental think tank based in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London whose mission is to educate the public and help policymakers and practitioners find more intelligent solutions in dealing with radicalisation and political violence.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Benito Mussolini Totalitarianism is a political concept where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to control every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.
Transatlantic relations refer to the historic, cultural, political, economic and social relations between countries on both side of the Atlantic Ocean.
The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom.
An umbrella organization is an association of (often related, industry-specific) institutions, who work together formally to coordinate activities or pool resources.
Vlaams Belang (VB; Dutch for "Flemish Interest") is a right-wing populist and Flemish nationalist political party in the Flemish Region and Brussels of Belgium.
War against Islam (also called the War on Islam or Attack on Islam) is a conspiracy theory narrative in Islamist discourse to describe an alleged conspiracy to harm, weaken or annihilate the societal system of Islam, using military, economic, social and cultural means.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
The 2011 Norway attacks, referred to in Norway as 22 July (Norwegian: 22. juli), the date of the events, were two sequential lone wolf terrorist attacks by Anders Behring Breivik against the government, the civilian population, and a Workers' Youth League (AUF)-run summer camp.
The 7 July 2005 London bombings, often referred to as 7/7, were a series of coordinated terrorist suicide attacks in London, United Kingdom, which targeted commuters travelling on the city's public transport system during the morning rush hour.