44 relations: Albert Soboul, Brumaire, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles XIV John of Sweden, Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Château de Saint-Cloud, Conseil d'État (France), Constitution of the Year VIII, Council of Ancients, Council of Five Hundred, Coup of 18 Fructidor, Coup of 30 Prairial VII, Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, First French Empire, François Bouchot, French Consulate, French coup d'état of 1851, French Directory, French Republican Calendar, French Revolution, French Second Republic, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Grenadier, Jacobin, Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, Jean Victor Marie Moreau, Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, Jean-François-Auguste Moulin, Joachim Murat, Joseph Bonaparte, Karl Marx, Law of 22 Floréal Year VI, Louis-Jérôme Gohier, Lucien Bonaparte, Napoleon, Napoleon III, Paris, Paul François Jean Nicolas, vicomte de Barras, Quorum, Roger Ducos, Sénat conservateur, Second Battle of Zurich, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, Tribunat.
Albert Marius Soboul (April 27, 1914 – September 11, 1982) was a historian of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic periods.
Brumaire was the second month in the French Republican Calendar.
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Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (1754–1838), prince de Bénévent, then prince de Talleyrand, was a French bishop, politician and diplomat.
Charles XIV & III John, also Carl John, Swedish and Norwegian: Karl Johan (26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) was King of Sweden (as Charles XIV John) and King of Norway (as Charles III John) from 1818 until his death and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818.
Charles-François Lebrun, 1st Duke of Plaisance, prince of the Empire (19 March 1739 – 16 June 1824) was a French statesman.
The Château de Saint-Cloud was a palace in France, built on a site overlooking the Seine at Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, about 5 kilometres west of Paris.
In France, the Council of State (French: Conseil d'État) is a body of the French national government that acts both as legal adviser of the executive branch and as the supreme court for administrative justice.
The Constitution of the Year VIII (Constitution de l'an VIII) was a national constitution of France, adopted December 24, 1799 (during the Year VIII of the French Revolutionary Calendar), which established the form of government known as the Consulate.
The Council of Ancients or Council of Elders (Conseil des Anciens) was the upper house of the Directory (French: Directoire), the legislature of France from 22 August 1795 until 9 November 1799, roughly the second half of the period generally referred to as the French Revolution.
The Council of Five Hundred (Conseil des Cinq-Cents), or simply the Five Hundred was the lower house of the legislature of France during the period commonly known (from the name of the executive branch during this time) as the Directory (Directoire), from 22 August 1795 until 9 November 1799, roughly the second half of the period generally referred to as the French Revolution.
The Coup of 18 Fructidor, Year V, was a seizure of power by members of the French Directory on 4 September 1797 when their opponents, the Royalists, were gaining strength.
The Coup of 30 Prairial Year VII (Coup d'État du 30 prairial an VII), also known as the Revenge of the Councils (revanche des conseils) was a bloodless coup in France that occurred on 18 June 1799—30 Prairial Year VII by the French Republican Calendar.
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès (3 May 1748 – 20 June 1836), most commonly known as the Abbé Sieyès, was a French Roman Catholic abbé, clergyman and political writer.
The First French Empire (Empire Français), also known as the Greater French Empire or Napoleonic Empire, was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
François Bouchot (1800–1842), a painter and engraver, was born in Paris in 1800.
The Consulate was the government of France from the fall of the Directory in the coup of Brumaire in 1799 until the start of the Napoleonic Empire in 1804.
The French coup d'état of 2 December 1851 was a self-coup staged by Prince Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (at the time President of the French Second Republic).
The Directory was the government of France during the penultimate stage of the French Revolution.
The French Republican Calendar (calendrier républicain français) or French Revolutionary Calendar (calendrier révolutionnaire français) was a calendar created and implemented during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805, and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in 1871.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was an influential period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.
The French Second Republic was the republican government of France between the 1848 Revolution and the 1851 coup by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte which initiated the Second Empire.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher of the late Enlightenment.
A grenadier (from French, derived from the word grenade) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.
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The Society of the Friends of the Constitution (Société des amis de la Constitution), commonly known as the Jacobin Club (Club des Jacobins), was the most famous and influential political club in the development of the French Revolution.
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Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, 1st Duke of Parma (later 1st Duke of Cambacérès) (18 October 1753 – 8 March 1824) was a French lawyer and statesman during the French Revolution and the First Empire, best remembered as the author of the Napoleonic Code, which still forms the basis of French civil law and inspired civil law in many countries.
Jean Victor Marie Moreau (14 February 1763 – 2 September 1813) was a French general who helped Napoleon Bonaparte to power, but later became a rival and was banished to the United States.
Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, 1st Comte Jourdan (29 April 1762 – 23 November 1833), enlisted as a private in the French royal army and rose to command armies during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Jean-François-Auguste Moulin (14 March 1752 – 12 March 1810) was a member of the French Directory.
Marshal of France and Grand Admiral or Admiral of France Joachim-Napoléon Murat ((born Joachim Murat; Gioacchino Napoleone Murat; 25 March 1767 – 13 October 1815) 1st Prince Murat, was Grand Duke of Berg from 1806 to 1808 and then King of Naples from 1808 to 1815. He received his titles in part by being the brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, through marriage to Napoleon's youngest sister, Caroline Bonaparte. He was noted as a daring and charismatic cavalry officer as well as a flamboyant dresser and was known as "the Dandy King".
Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844) was the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I).
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
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The Law of 22 Floréal Year VI was a law—arguably constituting a bloodless coup—passed on 11 May 1798 (22 Floréal Year VI by the French Republican Calendar) by which 106 left-wing deputies were deprived of their seats in the Council of Five Hundred, the lower house of the legislature under the French Directory.
Louis-Jérôme Gohier (27 February 1746 – 29 May 1830) was a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
Lucien Bonaparte, Prince Français, 1st Prince of Canino and Musignano (21 May 1775 – 29 June 1840), born Luciano Buonaparte, was the third surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and his wife Letizia Ramolino.
Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.
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Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire.
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Paris (UK:; US:; French) is the capital and most-populous city of France.
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Paul François Jean Nicolas, vicomte de Barras (30 June 1755 – 29 January 1829), commonly known as Paul Barras, was a French politician of the French Revolution, and the main executive leader of the Directory regime of 1795–1799.
A quorum is the minimum number of members of a deliberative assembly (a body that uses parliamentary procedure, such as a legislature) necessary to conduct the business of that group.
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Pierre Roger Ducos (25 July 1747 – 16 March 1816), better known as Roger Ducos, was a French political figure during the Revolution and First Empire, a member of the National Convention, and of the Directory.
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The Sénat conservateur ("Conservative Senate") was a body set up in France during the Consulate by the Constitution of the Year VIII.
The Second Battle of Zurich (25–26 September 1799) was a key victory by the Republican French army in Switzerland led by André Masséna over an Austrian and Russian force commanded by Alexander Korsakov near Zurich.
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon (Der 18te Brumaire des Louis Napoleon) was an essay written by Karl Marx between December 1851 and March 1852, and originally published in 1852 in Die Revolution, a German monthly magazine published in New York and established by Joseph Weydemeyer.
The Tribunat was one of the four assemblies set up in France by the Constitution of Year VIII (the other three were the Council of State, the Corps législatif and the Sénat conservateur).
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18 Brumaire, 18 brumaire, 18th Brumaire, 9 November 1799, Brumaire coup, Coup d'état of 18 Brumaire, Coup of 18-19 Brumaire, Coup of Brumaire, Eighteenth Brumaire, Eighteenth of Brumaire, French Coup of 1799, November 9, 1799, The coup of Brumaire.