402 relations: Aeon (digital magazine), African golden wolf, African wild dog, Afton, Wyoming, Alaska, Alberta, Albinism, Altricial, American badger, American bison, American black bear, Amphibian, Ancylostoma, Ancylostoma caninum, Anglo-America, Ansel Franklin Hall, Apple, Arikara language, Arizona, Arkansas, Ascarididae, Author citation (zoology), Aztec mythology, Backcrossing, Baja California, Bank (geography), Bean, Beetle, Belize, Bigamy, Binomial nomenclature, Biodiversity Heritage Library, Biological specificity, Bird, Black-backed jackal, Blackberry, Blancan, Blueberry, Bobcat, British Columbia, Brown rat, Cactus, Calcaneus, California, Canada lynx, Canadian French, Caninae, Canine distemper, Canine reproduction, Canine tooth, ..., Canis, Canis edwardii, Canis lepophagus, Cannibalism, Cantaloupe, Canyon, Carrot, Cascade Range, Caterpillar, Central America, Cestoda, Chepo District, Chiapas, Chihuahua (state), Chinookan peoples, Chipewyan language, Claremont, California, Clinton Hart Merriam, Cocopah language, Colorado, Common Era, Competition (biology), Copulation (zoology), Cosmology, Costa Rica, Coulee, Coydog, Coyote, Coywolf, Creator deity, Crepuscular animal, Crow Nation, Crustacean, Cursorial, Dakota language, Dakota people, Daniel Giraud Elliot, Darién Gap, David H. Kelley, Death Valley, Deciduous teeth, Deer, Delaware, Demodicosis, Desert, Dhole, Diné Bahaneʼ, Diospyros texana, Dire wolf, Dog, Dog flea, Dog food, Durango, Early Pleistocene, East Cree, Eastern California, Eastern Canada, Eastern coyote, Eastern United States, Eastern wolf, Echinococcus granulosus, Ecological niche, Edward Alphonso Goldman, Edward William Nelson, Edwards County, Illinois, Elk, English language, Equine encephalitis, Estrous cycle, Ethiopian wolf, Eucyon, Eurasian wolf, European colonization of the Americas, F1 hybrid, Feral cat, Film, Fish, Fisher (animal), Flea, Flood myth, Fox, Francisco Hernández de Toledo, Francisco Javier Clavijero, Fulvous, Genetic admixture, Glendale, California, Goascorán River, Golden jackal, Golden Retriever, Grain, Grand Teton National Park, Grassland, Gray fox, Gray wolf, Great Plains, Great Plains wolf, Greyhound, Ground squirrel, Guatemala, Guerrero, Hare, Harp seal, Hidatsa language, Himalayan wolf, Historian, Hoarding (animal behavior), Holocene, Hookworm infection, Hopi language, Huehuecoyotl, Illinois, Incisor, Indiana, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Infectious canine hepatitis, Insect, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Invertebrate, Iowa, Irvingtonian, Isle Royale, Isthmus of Panama, Jalisco, Joel Asaph Allen, Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz, Kachina, Kangaroo rat, Kansas, Karuk language, Kaskaskia, Illinois, Kelly Keen coyote attack, Klamath language, La Unión, El Salvador, Lactation, Lakota language, Lamar River, Least-concern species, Lewis and Clark Expedition, List of mammalian gestation durations, Livestock guardian dog, Lizard, Los Angeles County, California, Louse, Lower Chinook, Maidu, Maize, Mandan language, Mange, Manifest destiny, Manitoba, Marmot, Maryland, Mayan languages, Mearns coyote, Melanism, Melanocortin 1 receptor, Mental foramen, Meriwether Lewis, Mesoamerica, Metorchis conjunctus, Mexico, Michigan, Middle Pleistocene, Milk, Minnesota, Miocene, Missouri, Missouri River, Mite, Mitochondrial DNA, Molar (tooth), Mole (animal), Mongolian wolf, Monogamy in animals, Montana, Montezuma (mythology), Mule deer, Muscogee language, Muskrat, Mutualism (biology), Nahuatl, Nanophyetus salmincola, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Native Americans in the United States, Natural history, Natural selection, Navajo language, Neurocranium, Nevada, New Brunswick, New England, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York (state), Newfoundland and Labrador, Nez Perce language, North America, North American beaver, North American cougar, North American porcupine, North Dakota, Northeastern coyote, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Oaxaca, Ochre, Ohio, Ojibwe language, Oklahoma, Olfaction, Omaha–Ponca language, Ontario, Opuntia, Oral florid papillomatosis, Orange County, California, Oregon, Osage language, Paiute, Pan-American Highway, Panama, Panama Canal, Pathogenic bacteria, Pawnee language, Pawnee people, Peach, Peanut, Pear, Pennsylvania, Penny (United States coin), Persimmon, Phylogenetic tree, Piacenzian, Plains coyote, Plains Cree, Plains Indians, Pleistocene coyote, Pliocene, Pointing breed, Pork, Prairie dog, Premolar, Prince Edward Island, Produce, Promiscuity, Pronghorn, Puebla, Pulex, Quaternary extinction event, Quebec, Rabbit, Rabies, Ramrod (film), Rattlesnake, Red fox, Red wolf, Reptile, Retriever, Richard H. Tedford, Rio Grande, Rodent, Rostrum (anatomy), Rottweiler, Sagebrush, Sagittal crest, Sahaptin language, Salishan languages, Salmon poisoning disease, Samuel Washington Woodhouse, San Gabriel, California, San Luis Potosí, Saskatchewan, Sexual maturity, Sheep, Shrew, Side-striped jackal, Sierra Nevada (U.S.), Sighthound, Silver fox (animal), Sinaloa, Skin-walker, Skunk, Smoky (1946 film), Snake, Snowshoe hare, Sonora, Sonoran Desert, Sorghum, Southwestern United States, Soybean, Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, Spanish language, Sphingidae, Spread (food), Stanley Paul Young, Stephen Harriman Long, Subspecies, Taenia pisiformis, Tamaulipas, Taylor Mitchell, Tegucigalpa, Temple Grandin, Teotihuacan, Texas Panhandle, Thomas Say, Tibetan wolf, Tiburón Island, Tick, Timbisha language, Toad, Tohono O'odham, Tooth eruption, Toxascaris leonina, Trematoda, Trickster, Trim (sewing), Tularemia, Ungulate, United States Department of Agriculture, United States dollar, Urination, Utah, Ute people, Uto-Aztecan languages, Veracruz, Vernon Orlando Bailey, Violet gland, Viral disease, Virginia, Washington (state), Washout (erosion), Watermelon, Weaning, West Virginia, Wheat, Whole genome sequencing, William Bullock (collector), William Perry Hay, Wintu language, Wisconsin, Wolfdog, Wolfers (hunting), Wyoming, X chromosome, Xiaoming Wang (paleontologist), Xochiquetzal, Y chromosome, Year, Yellowstone National Park, Yukon, Yurok language, Zacatecas, Zuni. 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Aeon is a digital magazine of ideas, philosophy and culture.
The African golden wolf (Canis anthus), also known as the golden wolf or African wolf, is a canid native to north and northeastern Africa.
The African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), also known as African hunting dog, African painted dog, painted hunting dog, or painted wolf, is a canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa.
Afton is a town in Lincoln County, Wyoming, United States.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
Albinism in humans is a congenital disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes.
In biology, altricial species are those in which the young are incapable of moving around on their own soon after hatching or being born.
The American badger (Taxidea taxus) is a North American badger, somewhat similar in appearance to the European badger.
The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.
The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America.
Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
Ancylostoma is a genus of nematodes that includes some species of hookworms.
Ancylostoma caninum is a species of nematode known as a hookworm, which principally infects the small intestine of dogs.
Anglo-America most often refers to a region in the Americas in which English is a main language and British culture and the British Empire have had significant historical, ethnic, linguistic and cultural impact.
Ansel F. Hall (May 6, 1894, Oakland, California – March 28, 1962) was an American naturalist.
An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).
Arikara is a Caddoan language spoken by the Arikara Native Americans who reside primarily at Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.
The Ascarididae are a family of the large intestinal roundworms.
In zoological nomenclature, author citation refers to listing the person (or team) who first makes a scientific name of a taxon available.
Aztec mythology is the body or collection of myths of Aztec civilization of Central Mexico.
Backcrossing is a crossing of a hybrid with one of its parents or an individual genetically similar to its parent, in order to achieve offspring with a genetic identity which is closer to that of the parent.
Baja CaliforniaSometimes informally referred to as Baja California Norte (North Lower California) to distinguish it from both the Baja California Peninsula, of which it forms the northern half, and Baja California Sur, the adjacent state that covers the southern half of the peninsula.
In geography, the word bank generally refers to the land alongside a body of water.
A bean is a seed of one of several genera of the flowering plant family Fabaceae, which are used for human or animal food.
Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera, in the superorder Endopterygota.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
In cultures that practice marital monogamy, bigamy is the act of entering into a marriage with one person while still legally married to another.
Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.
The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize and make accessible the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles.
In biology, biological specificity is the tendency of a characteristic such as a behavior or a biochemical variation to occur in a particular species.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
The black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas) is a canid native to two areas of Africa, separated by roughly 900 km.
The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species in the genus Rubus in the family Rosaceae, hybrids among these species within the subgenus Rubus, and hybrids between the subgenera Rubus and Idaeobatus.
The Blancan North American Stage on the geologic timescale is the North American faunal stage according to the North American Land Mammal Ages chronology (NALMA), typically set from 4,750,000 to 1,806,000 years BP, a period of.
Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with blue– or purple–colored berries.
The bobcat (Lynx rufus) is a North American cat that appeared during the Irvingtonian stage of around 1.8 million years ago (AEO).
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), also known as the common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat, Parisian rat or wharf rat, is one of the best known and most common rats.
A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae,Although the spellings of botanical families have been largely standardized, there is little agreement among botanists as to how these names are to be pronounced.
In humans, the calcaneus (from the Latin calcaneus or calcaneum, meaning heel) or heel bone is a bone of the tarsus of the foot which constitutes the heel.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) or Canadian lynx is a North American mammal of the cat family, Felidae.
Canadian French (français canadien) refers to a variety of dialects of the French language generally spoken in Canada.
In the history of the carnivores, the family Canidae is represented by the two extinct subfamilies designated as Hesperocyoninae and Borophaginae, and the extant subfamily Caninae.
Canine distemper (sometimes termed hardpad disease) is a viral disease that affects a wide variety of animal families, including domestic and wild species of dogs, coyotes, foxes, pandas, wolves, ferrets, skunks, raccoons, and large cats, as well as pinnipeds, some primates, and a variety of other species.
Canine reproduction is the process of sexual reproduction in domestic dogs.
In mammalian oral anatomy, the canine teeth, also called cuspids, dog teeth, fangs, or (in the case of those of the upper jaw) eye teeth, are relatively long, pointed teeth.
Canis is a genus of the Canidae containing multiple extant species, such as wolves, coyotes, jackals, dingoes, and dogs.
Canis edwardii is an extinct species of genus Canis which was endemic to most of North America from the Late Blancan stage of the Pliocene epoch through to the Irvingtonian stage of the Pleistocene epoch, living 2.3 Mya—300,000 years ago, existing for approximately.
Canis lepophagus (Latin: canis: 'dog', leporem: 'hare' or 'rabbit', suffix -phagus: '-eating'; hence hare-eating dog) is an extinct species of canid which was endemic to much of North America.
Cannibalism is the act of one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food.
Cantaloupe (muskmelon, mushmelon, rockmelon, sweet melon) or spanspek (South Africa) is a variety of the Cucumis melo species in the Cucurbitaceae family.
A canyon (Spanish: cañón; archaic British English spelling: cañon) or gorge is a deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from weathering and the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales.
The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour, though purple, black, red, white, and yellow cultivars exist.
The Cascade Range or Cascades is a major mountain range of western North America, extending from southern British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to Northern California.
Caterpillars are the larval stage of members of the order Lepidoptera (the insect order comprising butterflies and moths).
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
Cestoda is a class of parasitic worms in the flatworm (Platyhelminthes) phylum, commonly known as tapeworms.
Chepo District is a district (distrito) of Panamá Province in Panama.
Chiapas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chiapas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas), is one of the 31 states that with Mexico City make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua (Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua), is one of the 32 states of Mexico.
Chinookan peoples include several groups of indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest in the United States who speak the Chinookan languages.
Chipewyan, ethnonym Dënesųłiné, is the language spoken by the Chipewyan people of northwestern Canada.
Claremont is a city on the eastern edge of Los Angeles County, California, United States, east of downtown Los Angeles.
Clinton Hart Merriam (December 5, 1855 – March 19, 1942) was an American zoologist, mammalogist, ornithologist, entomologist, ethnographer, and naturalist.
Cocopah is a Delta language of the Yuman language family spoken by the Cocopah.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
Competition is an interaction between organisms or species in which both the organisms or species are harmed.
In zoology, copulation is animal sexual behavior in which a male introduces sperm into the female's body, especially directly into her reproductive tract.
Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
Coulee, or coulée is a term applied rather loosely to different landforms, all of which refer to a kind of valley or drainage zone.
A coydog (sometimes called dogote) is a canid hybrid resulting from a mating between a coyote and a dog.
The coyote (Canis latrans); from Nahuatl) is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, and slightly smaller than the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. It fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, and is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. The coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, and into Central America. The species is versatile, able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans. It is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U.S., and was sighted in eastern Panama (across the Panama Canal from their home range) for the first time in 2013., 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs and the average female. Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography. It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion. Its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by cougars and gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, the eastern coyote (a larger subspecies, though still smaller than wolves) is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA. The coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore, mainly in the Southwestern United States and Mexico, usually depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions. The animal was especially respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was reviled in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves (gray, eastern, or red), which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain largely negative.
Coywolf (sometimes called woyote) is an informal term for a canid hybrid descended from coyotes and gray wolves.
A creator deity or creator god (often called the Creator) is a deity or god responsible for the creation of the Earth, world, and universe in human mythology.
Crepuscular animals are those that are active primarily during twilight (that is, the periods of dawn and dusk).
The Crow, called the Apsáalooke in their own Siouan language, or variants including the Absaroka, are Native Americans, who in historical times lived in the Yellowstone River valley, which extends from present-day Wyoming, through Montana and into North Dakota, where it joins the Missouri River.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
A cursorial organism is one that is adapted specifically to run.
The Dakota people are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government in North America.
Daniel Giraud Elliot (March 7, 1835 – December 22, 1915) was an American zoologist.
The Darién Gap is a break in the Pan-American Highway consisting of a large swath of undeveloped swampland and forest within Panama's Darién Province in Central America and the northern portion of Colombia's Chocó Department in South America.
David Humiston Kelley (April 1, 1924 in Albany, New York – May 19, 2011) was a Canadian American archaeologist and epigrapher, most noted for his work on the phonetic analysis and major contributions toward the decipherment of the writing system used by the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, the Maya script.
Death Valley is a desert valley located in Eastern California, in the northern Mojave Desert bordering the Great Basin Desert.
Deciduous teeth, commonly known as baby teeth and temporary teeth,Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy, Bath-Balogh and Fehrenbach, Elsevier, 2011, page 255 are the first set of teeth in the growth development of humans and other diphyodont mammals.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
Demodicosis, also called demodectic mange or red mange, is caused by a sensitivity to and overpopulation of Demodex canis as the hosts immune system is unable to keep the mites under control.
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
The dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia.
("Story of the People"), the Navajo creation myth, describes the prehistoric emergence of the Navajo, and centers on the area known as the Dinétah, the traditional homeland of the Navajo.
Diospyros texana is a species of persimmon that is native to central, south and west Texas and southwest Oklahoma in the United States, and eastern Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico.
The dire wolf (Canis dirus, "fearsome dog") is an extinct species of the genus Canis.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
The dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis) is a species of flea that lives as an ectoparasite on a wide variety of mammals, particularly the domestic dog and cat.
Dog food is food specifically formulated and intended for consumption by dogs and other related canines.
Durango, officially Free and Sovereign State of Durango (Estado Libre y Soberano de Durango) (Tepehuan: Korian) (Nahuatl: Tepēhuahcān), is a Mexican state.
The Early Pleistocene (also known as the Lower Pleistocene) is a subepoch in the international geologic timescale or a subseries in chronostratigraphy, being the earliest or lowest subdivision of the Quaternary period/system and Pleistocene epoch/series.
East Cree, also known as (Eastern) James Bay Cree, and East Main Cree, is a group of Cree dialects spoken in Quebec, Canada on the east coast of lower Hudson Bay and James Bay, and inland southeastward from James Bay.
Eastern California is a region defined as either the strip to the east of the crest of the Sierra Nevada or as the easternmost counties of California in the United States.
Eastern Canada (also the Eastern provinces) is generally considered to be the region of Canada east of Manitoba, consisting of the following provinces.
The eastern coyote (Canis latrans var.) is a wild North American canine of mixed coyote-wolf and dog parentage that is present in New England, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia.
The Eastern United States, commonly referred to as the American East or simply the East, is a region roughly coinciding with the boundaries of the United States established in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which bounded the new country to the west along the Mississippi River.
The eastern wolf (Canis lupus lycaon or Canis lycaon), also known as the Eastern Canadian wolf, Eastern Timber wolf, Eastern Canadian red wolf, Algonquin wolf or deer wolf,Thiel, R. P.
Echinococcus granulosus, also called the hydatid worm, hyper tape-worm or dog tapeworm, is a cyclophyllid cestode that dwells in the small intestine of canids as an adult, but which has important intermediate hosts such as livestock and humans, where it causes cystic echinococcosis, also known as hydatid disease.
In ecology, a niche (CanE, or) is the fit of a species living under specific environmental conditions.
Edward Alphonso Goldman (July 7, 1873 – September 2, 1946) was an American zoologist.
Edward William Nelson (May 8, 1855 – May 19, 1934) was an American naturalist and ethnologist.
Edwards County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois.
The elk or wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest species within the deer family, Cervidae, in the world, and one of the largest land mammals in North America and Eastern Asia.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Equine encephalitis is a family of horse diseases that also affect humans.
The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.
The Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) is a canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands.
Eucyon (Greek: Eu: good, true; cyon: dog) is an extinct genus of small omnivorous coyote-like canid that first appeared in North America during the Miocene, living from 10.3—3.6 Ma and existed for approximately.
The Eurasian wolf (Canis lupus lupus), also known as the common wolfMech, L. David (1981), The Wolf: The Ecology and Behaviour of an Endangered Species, University of Minnesota Press, p. 354, or Middle Russian forest wolf,Heptner, V. G. & Naumov, N. P. (1998), Science Publishers, Inc.
The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.
An F1 hybrid (or filial 1 hybrid) is the first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types.
A feral cat is a cat that lives outdoors and has had little or no human contact.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
The fisher (Pekania pennanti) is a small, carnivorous mammal native to North America.
Fleas are small flightless insects that form the order Siphonaptera.
A flood myth or deluge myth is a narrative in which a great flood, usually sent by a deity or deities, destroys civilization, often in an act of divine retribution.
Foxes are small-to-medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae.
Francisco Hernández de Toledo (1514 in La Puebla de Montalbán, Toledo – 28 January 1587 in Madrid) was a naturalist and court physician to the King of Spain.
Francisco Javier Clavijero Echegaray (sometimes Francesco Saverio Clavigero) (September 9, 1731 – April 2, 1787), was a Mexican Jesuit teacher, scholar and historian.
Fulvous is a colour, sometimes described as dull orange, brownish-yellow or tawny, it can also be likened to a variation of buff, beige or butterscotch.
Genetic admixture occurs when two or more previously isolated and genetically differentiated populations begin interbreeding.
Glendale is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States.
The Goascorán River or Río Goascorán is a river in Honduras and El Salvador that divides the two countries.
The golden jackal (Canis aureus) is a wolf-like canid that is native to Southeast Europe, Southwest Asia, South Asia, and regions of Southeast Asia.
The Golden Retriever is a large-sized breed of dog bred as gun dogs to retrieve shot waterfowl such as ducks and upland game birds during hunting and shooting parties, and were named 'retriever' because of their ability to retrieve shot game undamaged (soft mouth).
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.
Grand Teton National Park is an American national park in northwestern Wyoming.
Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.
The gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), or grey fox, is a carnivorous mammal of the family Canidae, widespread throughout North America and Central America.
The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).
The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.
The Great Plains wolf (Canis lupus nubilus), also known as the buffalo wolf or loafer, is an extinct subspecies of gray wolf with a distribution that once extended throughout the Great Plains from southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan southward to northern Texas.
The Greyhound is a breed of dog; a sighthound which has been bred for coursing game and Greyhound racing.
The ground squirrels are members of the squirrel family of rodents (Sciuridae) which generally live on or in the ground, rather than trees.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Guerrero (Spanish for "warrior"), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Guerrero (Estado Libre y Soberano de Guerrero), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Hares and jackrabbits are leporids belonging to the genus Lepus.
The harp seal or saddleback seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus is a species of earless seal, or true seal, native to the northernmost Atlantic Ocean and Arctic Ocean.
Hidatsa is an endangered Siouan language that is related to the Crow language.
The Himalayan wolf is a canine of unresolved taxonomy.
A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.
Hoarding or caching in animal behavior is the storage of food in locations hidden from the sight of both conspecifics (animals of the same or closely related species) and members of other species.
The Holocene is the current geological epoch.
Hookworm infection is an infection by a type of intestinal parasite in the roundworm group.
Hopi (Hopi: Hopílavayi) is a Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Hopi people (a Pueblo group) of northeastern Arizona, United States, but some Hopi are now monolingual English-speakers.
In Aztec mythology, Huehuecóyotl (from huēhueh "very old" (literally, "old old") and coyōtl "coyote" in Nahuatl) is the auspicious god of music, dance, mischief and song of Pre-Columbian Mexico.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Incisors (from Latin incidere, "to cut") are the front teeth present in most mammals.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Infectious canine hepatitis is an acute liver infection in dogs caused by canine adenovirus type-1 (CAV-1).
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
The Irvingtonian North American Land Mammal Age on the geologic timescale is the North American faunal stage according to the North American Land Mammal Ages chronology (NALMA), typically set from 1,350,000 to 160,000 years BP, a period of.
Isle Royale is an island of the Great Lakes, located in the northwest of Lake Superior, and part of the U.S. state of Michigan.
The Isthmus of Panama (Istmo de Panamá), also historically known as the Isthmus of Darien (Istmo de Darién), is the narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.
Jalisco, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Jalisco (Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Joel Asaph Allen (July 19, 1838 – August 29, 1921) was an American zoologist, mammalogist and ornithologist.
Johann Friedrich Eschscholtz (1 November 1793 - 7 May 1831)Sterling (1997) was a Baltic German physician, naturalist, and entomologist.
A kachina (also katchina, katcina, or katsina; Hopi: katsina, plural katsinim) is a spirit being in the religious beliefs of the Pueblo people, Native American cultures located in the southwestern part of the United States.
Kangaroo rats, small rodents of genus Dipodomys, are native to western North America.
Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.
Karuk or Karok is an endangered language of northwestern California.
Kaskaskia is a historically important village in Randolph County, Illinois, United States.
The Kelly Keen coyote attack is the only known fatal coyote attack on a child as well as the only known fatal coyote attack on a human in the United States.
Klamath, also Klamath–Modoc and historically Lutuamian, is a Native American language that was spoken around Klamath Lake in what is now southern Oregon and northern California.
La Unión is a municipality in La Unión Department of El Salvador.
Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.
Lakota (Lakȟótiyapi), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes.
The Lamar River is a tributary of the Yellowstone River, approximately 40 miles (48 km) long, in northwestern Wyoming in the United States.
A least concern (LC) species is a species which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as evaluated but not qualified for any other category.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition from May 1804 to September 1806, also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition, was the first American expedition to cross the western portion of the United States.
A livestock guardian dog (LGD) is a type of pastoral dog bred for the purpose of protecting livestock from predators.
Lizards are a widespread group of squamate reptiles, with over 6,000 species, ranging across all continents except Antarctica, as well as most oceanic island chains.
Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States, with more than 10 million inhabitants as of 2017.
Louse (plural: lice) is the common name for members of the order Phthiraptera, which contains nearly 5,000 species of wingless insect.
Lower Chinook is a dialect of the Chinook spoken at the mouth of the Columbia River.
The Maidu are a Native American people of northern California.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Mandan (Mandan: Nų́ų́ʔetaa íroo) is an extinct Siouan language of North Dakota in the United States.
Mange is a type of skin disease caused by parasitic mites.
In the 19th century, manifest destiny was a widely held belief in the United States that its settlers were destined to expand across North America.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
Marmots are large squirrels in the genus Marmota, with 15 species.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
The Mayan languagesIn linguistics, it is conventional to use Mayan when referring to the languages, or an aspect of a language.
The Mearns' coyote (Canis latrans mearnsi) is a subspecies of coyote native to the Southwestern United States.
Melanism is a development of the dark-colored pigment melanin in the skin or its appendages and is the opposite of albinism.
The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), also known as melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor (MSHR), melanin-activating peptide receptor, or melanotropin receptor, is a G protein–coupled receptor that binds to a class of pituitary peptide hormones known as the melanocortins, which include adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and the different forms of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH).
The mental foramen is one of two foramina (openings) located on the anterior surface of the mandible.
Meriwether Lewis (August 18, 1774 – October 11, 1809) was an American explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark.
Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Metorchis conjunctus, common name Canadian liver fluke, is a species of trematode parasite in the family Opisthorchiidae.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
The Middle Pleistocene is an informal, unofficial subdivision of the Pleistocene Epoch, from 781,000 to 126,000 years ago.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
The Missouri River is the longest river in North America.
Mites are small arthropods belonging to the class Arachnida and the subclass Acari (also known as Acarina).
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
The molars or molar teeth are large, flat teeth at the back of the mouth.
Moles are small mammals adapted to a subterranean lifestyle (i.e., fossorial).
The Mongolian wolf (Canis lupus chanco) is a subspecies of the grey wolf which is native to Mongolia, northern and central China, Korea, and the Ussuri region of Russia.
Monogamous pairing in animals refers to the natural history of mating systems in which species pair bond to raise offspring.
Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.
Montezuma was the name of a heroic-god in the mythology of certain Amerindian tribes of the Southwest United States, notably the Tohono O'odham and Pueblo peoples — Also known as Aztec Emperors of the same name in Mexico, Moctezuma I and Moctezuma II.
The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule.
The Muscogee language (Mvskoke in Muscogee), also known as Creek, Seminole, Maskókî or Muskogee, is a Muskogean language spoken by Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole people, primarily in the U.S. states of Oklahoma and Florida.
The muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra and tribe Ondatrini, is a medium-sized semiaquatic rodent native to North America and is an introduced species in parts of Europe, Asia, and South America.
Mutualism or interspecific cooperation is the way two organisms of different species exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other.
Nahuatl (The Classical Nahuatl word nāhuatl (noun stem nāhua, + absolutive -tl) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the Spanish language),() Naoatl, Nauatl, Nahuatl, Nawatl. In a back formation from the name of the language, the ethnic group of Nahuatl speakers are called Nahua.), known historically as Aztec, is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family.
Nanophyetus salmincola is a food-borne intestinal trematode parasite prevalent on the Pacific Northwest coast.
The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) is the statistical branch of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.
Navajo or Navaho (Navajo: Diné bizaad or Naabeehó bizaad) is a Southern Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené family, by which it is related to languages spoken across the western areas of North America.
In human anatomy, the neurocranium, also known as the braincase, brainpan, or brain-pan is the upper and back part of the skull, which forms a protective case around the brain.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.
Nez Perce, also spelled Nez Percé or called Niimi'ipuutímt, is a Sahaptian language related to the several dialects of Sahaptin (note the spellings -ian vs. -in).
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The North American beaver (Castor canadensis) is one of two extant beaver species.
The North American cougar (Puma concolor couguar), is a population of the cougar in North America.
The North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), also known as the Canadian porcupine or common porcupine, is a large rodent in the New World porcupine family.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
The Northeastern coyote (Canis latrans thamnos) is a subspecies of coyote native to north-central Saskatchewan, Manitoba (except the extreme southwestern corner), southern Ontario, and extreme southern Quebec.
The Northwest Territories (NT or NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO; Athabaskan languages: Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun: Nunatsiaq; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is a federal territory of Canada.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Oaxaca (from Huāxyacac), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca (Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.
Ochre (British English) (from Greek: ὤχρα, from ὠχρός, ōkhrós, pale) or ocher (American English) is a natural clay earth pigment which is a mixture of ferric oxide and varying amounts of clay and sand.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Ojibwe, also known as Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa, or Otchipwe,R.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
Olfaction is a chemoreception that forms the sense of smell.
Omaha–Ponca is a Siouan language spoken by the Omaha (Umoⁿhoⁿ) people of Nebraska and the Ponca (Paⁿka) people of Oklahoma and Nebraska.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.
Oral florid papillomatosis is a condition characterized by a white mass resembling a cauliflower covering the tongue and extending onto other portions of the mucous membranes.
Orange County is a county in the U.S. state of California.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Osage (Osage: 𐓏𐓘𐓻𐓘𐓻𐓟 𐒻𐓟, Wazhazhe ie) is a Siouan language spoken by the Osage people of Oklahoma.
Paiute (also Piute) refers to three non-contiguous groups of indigenous peoples of the Great Basin.
The Pan-American Highway is a network of roads measuring about in total length.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that can cause disease.
The Pawnee language is a Caddoan language spoken by some Pawnee Native Americans who now live in north-central Oklahoma.
The Pawnee are a Plains Indian tribe who are headquartered in Pawnee, Oklahoma.
The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
The pear is any of several tree and shrub species of genus Pyrus, in the family Rosaceae.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The United States one-cent coin, often called a penny, is a unit of currency equaling one-hundredth of a United States dollar.
The persimmon (sometimes spelled persimon) is the edible fruit of a number of species of trees in the genus Diospyros.
A phylogenetic tree or evolutionary tree is a branching diagram or "tree" showing the evolutionary relationships among various biological species or other entities—their phylogeny—based upon similarities and differences in their physical or genetic characteristics.
The Piacenzian is in the international geologic time scale the upper stage or latest age of the Pliocene.
The Plains coyote (Canis latrans latrans), also known as the brush wolf, is a subspecies of coyote native to the Canadian Prairies of southeastern Alberta, southern Saskatchewan, and the extreme southwestern corner of Manitoba.
Plains Cree (native name: ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ nēhiyawēwin) is a dialect of the Algonquian language, Cree, which is the most populous Canadian indigenous language.
Plains Indians, Interior Plains Indians or Indigenous people of the Great Plains and Canadian Prairies are the Native American tribes and First Nation band governments who have traditionally lived on the greater Interior Plains (i.e. the Great Plains and the Canadian Prairies) in North America.
The Pleistocene coyote (Canis latrans orcutti), also known as the Ice Age coyote, is an extinct subspecies of coyote that lived in western North America during the Late Pleistocene era.
The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.
A pointing breed is a type of gundog typically used in finding game.
Pork is the culinary name for meat from a domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus).
Prairie dogs (genus Cynomys) are herbivorous burrowing rodents native to the grasslands of North America.
The premolar teeth, or bicuspids, are transitional teeth located between the canine and molar teeth.
Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada consisting of the island of the same name, and several much smaller islands.
Produce is a generalized term for a group of farm-produced crops and goods, including fruits and vegetables – meats, grains, oats, etc.
Promiscuity is the practice of having casual sex frequently with different partners or being indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners.
The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is a species of artiodactyl mammal indigenous to interior western and central North America.
Puebla, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Puebla (Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla) is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Pulex is a genus of fleas.
The Quaternary period saw the extinctions of numerous predominantly megafaunal species, which resulted in a collapse in faunal density and diversity, and the extinction of key ecological strata across the globe.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha (along with the hare and the pika).
Rabies is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the brain in humans and other mammals.
Ramrod is a 1947 American Western film directed by Andre DeToth.
Rattlesnakes are a group of venomous snakes of the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus of the subfamily Crotalinae (the pit vipers).
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of the order Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.
The red wolf (Canis lupus rufus or Canis rufus) also known as the Florida black wolf or Mississippi Valley wolf,Glover, A. (1942),, American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, pp.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
A retriever is a type of gun dog that retrieves game for a hunter.
Richard Hall Tedford (April 25, 1929 – July 15, 2011) was Curator Emeritus in the Department of Vertebrate Paleontology of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, having been named as curator in 1969.
The Rio Grande (or; Río Bravo del Norte, or simply Río Bravo) is one of the principal rivers in the southwest United States and northern Mexico (the other being the Colorado River).
Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.
In anatomy, the term rostrum (from the Latin rostrum meaning beak) is used for a number of phylogenetically unrelated structures in different groups of animals.
The Rottweiler is a breed of domestic dog, regarded as medium-to-large or large.
Sagebrush is the common name of several woody and herbaceus species of plants in the genus Artemisia.
A sagittal crest is a ridge of bone running lengthwise along the midline of the top of the skull (at the sagittal suture) of many mammalian and reptilian skulls, among others.
Sahaptin or Shahaptin is one of the two-language Sahaptian branch of the Plateau Penutian family spoken in a section of the northwestern plateau along the Columbia River and its tributaries in southern Washington, northern Oregon, and southwestern Idaho, in the United States.
The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest in North America (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana).
Salmon poisoning disease (SPD) is a fatal disease of dogs and other canids caused by a rickettsial bacterium, Neorickettsia helminthoeca.
Samuel Washington Woodhouse (June 27, 1821 – October 23, 1904) was an American surgeon, explorer and naturalist.
San Gabriel is a city in Los Angeles County, California.
San Luis Potosí, officially the Free and Sovereign State of San Luis Potosí (Estado Libre y Soberano de San Luis Potosí), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Saskatchewan is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without natural borders.
Sexual maturity is the capability of an organism to reproduce.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
A shrew (family Soricidae) is a small mole-like mammal classified in the order Eulipotyphla.
The side-striped jackal (Canis adustus) is a species of jackal, native to east and southern Africa.
The Sierra Nevada (snowy saw range) is a mountain range in the Western United States, between the Central Valley of California and the Great Basin.
Sighthounds, also called gazehounds, primarily hunt by sight and speed, rather than by scent and endurance as scent hounds do.
The silver fox is a melanistic form of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes).
Sinaloa, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa (Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
In Navajo (Diné) culture, a skin-walker (yee naaldlooshii) is a type of harmful witch who has the ability to turn into, possess, or disguise themselves as an animal.
Skunks are North and South American mammals in the family Mephitidae.
Smoky is a 1946 Western film directed by Louis King, starring Fred MacMurray and Anne Baxter.
Snakes are elongated, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes.
The snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus), also called the varying hare, or snowshoe rabbit, is a species of hare found in North America.
Sonora, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Sonora (Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora), is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States.
The Sonoran Desert is a North American desert which covers large parts of the Southwestern United States in Arizona and California and of Northwestern Mexico in Sonora, Baja California, and Baja California Sur.
Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae.
The Southwestern United States (Suroeste de Estados Unidos; also known as the American Southwest) is the informal name for a region of the western United States.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, or the Spanish–Aztec War (1519–21), was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish Empire within the context of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
The Sphingidae are a family of moths (Lepidoptera), commonly known as hawk moths, sphinx moths, and hornworms; it includes about 1,450 species.
A spread is a food that is spread, generally with a knife, onto foods such as bread and crackers.
Stanley Paul Young (1889–1969) was an American biologist.
Stephen Harriman Long (December 30, 1784 – September 4, 1864) was a U.S. army explorer, topographical engineer, and railway engineer.
In biological classification, the term subspecies refers to a unity of populations of a species living in a subdivision of the species’s global range and varies from other populations of the same species by morphological characteristics.
Taenia pisiformis, commonly called the rabbit tapeworm, is an endoparasitic tapeworm which causes infection in lagomorphs, rodents, and carnivores.
Tamaulipas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Tamaulipas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Tamaulipas), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Taylor Mitchell (August 27, 1990October 28, 2009) was a Canadian country folk singer and songwriter from Toronto.
Tegucigalpa (formally Tegucigalpa, Municipality of the Central District, Tegucigalpa, Municipio del Distrito Central or Tegucigalpa, M.D.C.), colloquially referred to as Téguz, is the capital and largest city of Honduras along with its twin sister, Comayagüela.
Mary Temple Grandin (born August 29, 1947) is an American professor of animal science at Colorado State University, consultant to the livestock industry on animal behavior, and autism spokesperson.
Teotihuacan, (in Spanish: Teotihuacán), is an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub-valley of the Valley of Mexico, located in the State of Mexico northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.
The Texas Panhandle is a region of the U.S. state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state.
Thomas Say (June 27, 1787 – October 10, 1834) was an American entomologist, conchologist, and herpetologist.
The Tibetan wolf (Canis lupus filchneri) is a subspecies of the gray wolf that is native to China in the regions of Gansu, Qinghai, and the Tibetan Plateau.
Tiburón Island is the largest island in the Gulf of California and the largest island in Mexico, with an area of.
Ticks are small arachnids, part of the order Parasitiformes.
Timbisha (Tümpisa; also called Panamint or Koso) is the language of the Native American people who have inhabited the region in and around Death Valley, California and the southern Owens Valley since late prehistoric times.
Toad is a common name for certain frogs, especially of the family Bufonidae, that are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs, and large bumps covering the parotoid glands.
The Tohono O’odham are a Native American people of the Sonoran Desert, residing primarily in the U.S. state of Arizona and the Mexican state of Sonora.
Tooth eruption is a process in tooth development in which the teeth enter the mouth and become visible.
Toxascaris leonina is a common parasitic roundworm found in dogs, cats, foxes, and related host species.
Trematoda is a class within the phylum Platyhelminthes.
In mythology, and in the study of folklore and religion, a trickster is a character in a story (god, goddess, spirit, man, woman, or anthropomorphisation), which exhibits a great degree of intellect or secret knowledge, and uses it to play tricks or otherwise disobey normal rules and conventional behaviour.
Trim or trimming in clothing and home decorating is applied ornament, such as gimp, passementerie, ribbon, ruffles, or, as a verb, to apply such ornament.
Tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis.
Ungulates (pronounced) are any members of a diverse group of primarily large mammals that includes odd-toed ungulates such as horses and rhinoceroses, and even-toed ungulates such as cattle, pigs, giraffes, camels, deer, and hippopotami.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Urination is the release of urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Ute people are Native Americans of the Ute tribe and culture and are among the Great Basin classification of Indigenous People.
Uto-Aztecan or Uto-Aztekan is a family of Indigenous languages of the Americas, consisting of over 30 languages.
Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave,In isolation, Veracruz, de and Llave are pronounced, respectively,, and.
Vernon Orlando Bailey (1864–1942) was an American naturalist who specialized in mammalogy.
A Rhodesian Ridgeback (sex unknown) with "stud tail": the violet gland lost hair and appears as a dark dimple The violet gland or supracaudal gland is an important gland located on the upper surface of the tail of certain mammals, including European badgers and canids such as foxes, wolves, and the domestic dog, as well as the domestic cat.
A viral disease (or viral infection) occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses, and infectious virus particles (virions) attach to and enter susceptible cells.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
A washout is the sudden erosion of soft soil or other support surfaces by a gush of water, usually occurring during a heavy downpour of rain (a flash flood) or other stream flooding.
Citrullus lanatus is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originally from Africa.
Weaning is the process of gradually introducing an infant mammal to what will be its adult diet and withdrawing the supply of its mother's milk.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
Whole genome sequencing (also known as WGS, full genome sequencing, complete genome sequencing, or entire genome sequencing) is the process of determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism's genome at a single time.
William Bullock (c. 1773 – 7 March 1849) was an English traveller, naturalist and antiquarian.
William Perry Hay (born in Eureka, Illinois on December 8, 1871; died in 1947) was an American zoologist known for work on crayfish and reptiles.
Wintu is a critically endangered Wintuan language spoken by the Wintu people of Northern California.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
A wolfdog (also called a wolf–dog hybrid or wolf hybrid) is a canid hybrid resulting from the hybridization of a domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) to one of four other Genus Canis taxa, the gray (Canis lupus), eastern timber (Canis lycaon), red (Canis rufus), or ethiopian (Canis simensis).
Wolfers was a term used to refer to both professional and civilian wolf hunters who operated in North America in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.
The X chromosome is one of the two sex-determining chromosomes (allosomes) in many organisms, including mammals (the other is the Y chromosome), and is found in both males and females.
Xiaoming Wang is a noted vertebrate paleontologist and geologist born in People's Republic of China and now living and teaching in the United States.
In Aztec mythology, Xochiquetzal (ʃoːtʃiˈketsaɬ), also called Ichpochtli itʃˈpoːtʃtɬi, meaning "maiden",Nahuatl Dictionary. (1997).
The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes (allosomes) in mammals, including humans, and many other animals.
A year is the orbital period of the Earth moving in its orbit around the Sun.
Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.
Yukon (also commonly called the Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut).
The Yurok language (also Chillula, Mita, Pekwan, Rikwa, Sugon, Weitspek, Weitspekan) is an Algic language.
Zacatecas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Zacatecas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Zacatecas), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
The Zuni (A:shiwi; formerly spelled Zuñi) are Native American Pueblo peoples native to the Zuni River valley.
American jackal, Brush wolf, C. latrans, California Valley coyote, Canis latrans, Canis latrans incolatus, Canis latrans lestes, Canis latrans ochropus, Carnivorous Vulgaris, Cayote, Coyotes, Coyotl, Coyotte, Cyote, Evolution of the coyote, Hal (coyote), Hunting behavior of coyotes, Mating coyotes, Mexican coyote, Mountain coyote, Northeast coyote, Northern coyote, Prairie Wolf, Prairie wolf, Reproductive behavior of coyotes, Salvador coyote, San Pedro Martir coyote, Sexual behavior of coyotes, Social behavior of coyotes, Territorial behavior of coyotes.