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Index Crass

Crass were an English art collective and punk rock band formed in 1977 who promoted anarchism as a political ideology, a way of life and a resistance movement. [1]

206 relations: Aberdare, Acts of Love, AK Press, Alexander Oey, Anarchism, Anarchism and the arts, Anarcho-punk, Animal rights, Anthony McCall, Anti-consumerism, Anti-fascism, Anti-folk, Anti-globalization movement, Anti-nuclear movement, Anti-war movement, Appellate court, Art punk, Artist collective, Atonality, Audio engineer, Avant-punk, Banksy, Benjamin Britten, Best Before 1984, Blasphemy, Block party, Blogger (service), Bristol, British Movement, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Charles Baudelaire, Cherry Red Records, Chief constable, Christ – The Album, Christian cross, Class War, Classical music, Coins of the pound sterling, Colchester, Coldcut, Collage, Commune, Conservative Party (UK), Conspiracy (criminal), Conway Hall Ethical Society, Covent Garden, Crass Records, Cult of personality, Cumbria, Dada, ..., Daily Mirror, David Bowie, Dial House, Essex, Direct action, DIY ethic, Donald Trump, Environmentalism, Epping, Essex, Eve Libertine, Existentialism, EXIT (performance art group), Falklands War, Fanzine, Feminism, Firstsite, Flexi disc, Free improvisation, Free jazz, Fun-Da-Mental, Gee Vaucher, Gizz Butt, Goldblade, Graffiti, Greater Manchester Police, HMS Sheffield (D80), Hoax, Ian MacKaye, Icon, Independent record label, Islington, James Anderton, Japanther, Jazz, Jeffrey Lewis, John Cage, John Loder (sound engineer), Joy De Vivre, Julian Siegel, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Kate Shortt, Kes (film), KGB, Kitchen sink realism, Last Amendment, Lifeboat (rescue), Lifestyle anarchism, Liner notes, London Greenpeace, London Underground, Love song, Margaret Thatcher, Marxism, Matt Black (DJ), Member of parliament, Middle of the road (music), Multimedia, N. A. Palmer, Neo-Nazism, News of the World, Nonviolence, North London, Nuclear power, Nuclear weapon, Obscene Publications Acts, Ogg, Omnibus Press, Ouroboros, Pacifism, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Peace movement, Peace News, Penis Envy (album), Penny Rimbaud, Performance art, Perth, Scotland, Pete Wright (musician), Peter Kropotkin, Phil Free, Phonograph record, Poison Girls, Political criticism, Psychiatry, Punk ideologies, Punk rock, Punk subculture, Queen Elizabeth Hall, Recto and verso, Red Lion Square, Resistance movement, Revolution, Rock Against Racism, Ronald Reagan, Rough Trade Records, San Francisco Chronicle, Scotland Yard, Sexual repression, Shepherd's Bush Empire, Single (music), Situationist International, Small Wonder Records, Socialist History Society, Socialist Workers Party (UK), Sound collage, South Bank, Southend-on-Sea, Southern Records, Southern Studios, Soviet Union, Squatting, Stage lighting, Stations of the Crass, Statue of Liberty, Steve Ignorant, Stoke Newington, Stonehenge Free Festival, Stop the City, Subvertising, Swastika, Tabloid (newspaper format), Ten Notes on a Summer's Day, Thatchergate, The Charlatans (English band), The Clash, The Feeding of the 5000 (album), The Guardian, The Independent, The Leveller, The Observer, The Roxy (Covent Garden), The Ruts, The Sunday Times, The White Lion, Putney, There Is No Authority But Yourself, Thirty-year rule, Tim Eggar, Toby Mott, Tribalism, U.K. Subs, UK miners' strike (1984–85), Ultimate Guitar Archive, Union Jack, United States Department of State, Value-added tax, Video art, Vortex Jazz Club, Wally Hope, Wapping Autonomy Centre, War Requiem, Wayback Machine, Yes Sir, I Will, You'll Ruin It for Everyone, Youth culture, Zen, Ziggy Stardust (song), Zine, 12 Crass Songs. Expand index (156 more) »


Aberdare (Aberdâr) is a town in the Cynon Valley area of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales, at the confluence of the Rivers Dare (Dâr) and Cynon.

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Acts of Love

Acts of Love is an album of 50 poems by Penny Rimbaud of the anarchist punk band Crass, set to classical music composed and arranged by Penny Rimbaud and Paul Ellis, and performed by Steve Ignorant and Eve Libertine.

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AK Press

AK Press is a worker-managed, independent publisher and book distributor that specialises in radical left and anarchist literature.

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Alexander Oey

Alexander Oey (born 1960, Amsterdam) is a Dutch film director who has directed numerous documentaries for Dutch television, including the controversial Euro-Islam According to Tariq Ramadan (see Tariq Ramadan) and My Life as a Terrorist: The Story of Hans-Joachim Klein (see Hans-Joachim Klein), as well as There is No Authority But Yourself, a documentary on the punk-rock band Crass.

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Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.

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Anarchism and the arts

Anarchism has long had an association with the arts, particularly with visual art, music and literature.

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Anarcho-punk (or anarchist punk) is punk rock that promotes anarchism.

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Animal rights

Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.

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Anthony McCall

Anthony McCall (born 1946) is a British-born New York based artist known for his ‘solid-light’ installations, a series that he began in 1973 with “Line Describing a Cone,” in which a volumetric form composed of projected light slowly evolves in three-dimensional space.

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Anti-consumerism is a sociopolitical ideology that is opposed to consumerism, the continual buying and consuming of material possessions.

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Anti-fascism is opposition to fascist ideologies, groups and individuals.

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Anti-folk (sometimes antifolk or unfolk) is a music genre that arose in the 1980s in reaction to the insularity of the remnants of the 1960s folk music scene.

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Anti-globalization movement

The anti-globalization movement, or counter-globalisation movement, is a social movement critical of economic globalization.

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Anti-nuclear movement

The anti-nuclear movement is a social movement that opposes various nuclear technologies.

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Anti-war movement

An anti-war movement (also antiwar) is a social movement, usually in opposition to a particular nation's decision to start or carry on an armed conflict, unconditional of a maybe-existing just cause.

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Appellate court

An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals (American English), appeal court (British English), court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.

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Art punk

Art punk is a category of punk bands which are arguably more sophisticated than their peers, and go beyond punk's garage rock foundations.

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Artist collective

An artist collective is an initiative that is the result of a group of artists working together, usually under their own management, towards shared aims.

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Atonality in its broadest sense is music that lacks a tonal center, or key.

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Audio engineer

An audio engineer (also sometimes recording engineer or a vocal engineer) helps to produce a recording or a performance, editing and adjusting sound tracks using equalization and audio effects, mixing, reproduction, and reinforcement of sound.

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Avant-punk is a punk music style characterized by "screeching experimentation," and a term by which critics used to describe the wave of American punk bands from the 1970s.

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Banksy is an anonymous England-based graffiti artist, political activist and film director.

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Benjamin Britten

Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976) was an English composer, conductor and pianist.

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Best Before 1984

Best Before 1984 is a compilation of Crass' singles and other tracks, released in 1986, including lyrics and a booklet ("...In Which Crass Voluntarily 'Blow Their Own'") which details the history of the band in their own words.

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Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable.

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Block party

A block party or street party is a crowded party in which many members of a single community congregate, either to observe an event of some importance or simply for mutual enjoyment.

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Blogger (service)

Blogger is a blog-publishing service that allows multi-user blogs with time-stamped entries.

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Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.

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British Movement

The British Movement (BM), later called the British National Socialist Movement (BNSM), is a British Neo-Nazi organisation founded by Colin Jordan in 1968.

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Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) is an organisation that advocates unilateral nuclear disarmament by the United Kingdom, international nuclear disarmament and tighter international arms regulation through agreements such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

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Charles Baudelaire

Charles Pierre Baudelaire (April 9, 1821 – August 31, 1867) was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe.

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Cherry Red Records

Cherry Red Records is a British independent record label founded by Iain McNay in 1978.

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Chief constable

Chief Constable is the rank used by the chief police officer of every territorial police force in the United Kingdom except for the City of London Police and the Metropolitan Police, as well as the chief officers of the three 'special' national police forces, the British Transport Police, Ministry of Defence Police, and Civil Nuclear Constabulary.

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Christ – The Album

Christ – The Album is the fourth album by Crass, released in 1982.

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Christian cross

The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus, is the best-known symbol of Christianity.

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Class War

Class War is an anarchist group and newspaper established by Ian Bone and others in 1983 in the United Kingdom.

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Classical music

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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Coins of the pound sterling

The standard circulating coinage of the United Kingdom is denominated in pounds sterling (symbol "£"), and, since the introduction of the two-pound coin in 1994 (to celebrate the 300th anniversary of the Bank of England 1694–1994), ranges in value from one penny to two pounds.

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Colchester is an historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex.

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Coldcut are an English electronic music duo composed of Matt Black and Jonathan More.

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Collage (from the coller., "to glue") is a technique of an art production, primarily used in the visual arts, where the artwork is made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole.

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A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work, income or assets.

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Conservative Party (UK)

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.

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Conspiracy (criminal)

In criminal law, a conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime at some time in the future.

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Conway Hall Ethical Society

The Conway Hall Ethical Society, formerly the South Place Ethical Society, based in London at Conway Hall, is thought to be the oldest surviving freethought organisation in the world and is the only remaining ethical society in the United Kingdom.

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Covent Garden

Covent Garden is a district in Greater London, on the eastern fringes of the West End, between Charing Cross Road and Drury Lane.

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Crass Records

Crass Records was an independent record label which was set up by the anarchist punk band Crass.

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Cult of personality

A cult of personality arises when a country's regime – or, more rarely, an individual politician – uses the techniques of mass media, propaganda, the big lie, spectacle, the arts, patriotism, and government-organized demonstrations and rallies to create an idealized, heroic, and worshipful image of a leader, often through unquestioning flattery and praise.

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Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England.

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Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century, with early centers in Zürich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire (circa 1916); New York Dada began circa 1915, and after 1920 Dada flourished in Paris.

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Daily Mirror

The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.

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David Bowie

David Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer-songwriter and actor.

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Dial House, Essex

Dial House is a farm cottage situated in south-west Essex, England.

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Direct action

Direct action occurs when a group takes an action which is intended to reveal an existing problem, highlight an alternative, or demonstrate a possible solution to a social issue.

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DIY ethic

DIY ethic refers to the ethic of self-sufficiency through completing tasks without the aid of a paid expert.

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Donald Trump

Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.

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Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter.

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Epping, Essex

Epping is a market town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the County of Essex, England.

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Eve Libertine

Eve Libertine (real name Bronwyn Lloyd Jones) is a British singer.

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Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.

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EXIT (performance art group)

EXIT were a performance art group during the mid-1970s.

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Falklands War

The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

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A fanzine (blend of fan and magazine or -zine) is a non-professional and non-official publication produced by enthusiasts of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest.

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Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.

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Firstsite is a visual arts organisation based in Colchester, Essex, which opened in 2011.

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Flexi disc

The flexi disc (also known as a phonosheet, Sonosheet or Soundsheet, a trademark) is a phonograph record made of a thin, flexible vinyl sheet with a molded-in spiral stylus groove, and is designed to be playable on a normal phonograph turntable.

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Free improvisation

Free improvisation or free music is improvised music without any rules beyond the logic or inclination of the musician(s) involved.

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Free jazz

Free jazz is an approach to jazz music that was first developed in the 1950s and 60s as musicians attempted to alter, extend, or break down jazz convention, often by discarding fixed chord changes or tempos.

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Fun-Da-Mental is a British-based multi-ethnic hip-hop–ethno-techno–world fusion music group formed in 1991.

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Gee Vaucher

Gee Vaucher is a visual artist who was born in 1945 in Dagenham, Essex.

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Gizz Butt

Gizz Butt (born Graham Anthony Butt; 3 August 1966 in Manchester, England) is a British musician, best known for being the lead guitarist for the band The Prodigy in the late 1990s.

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Goldblade are an English punk rock band from Manchester, England.

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Graffiti (plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view.

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Greater Manchester Police

Greater Manchester Police (GMP) is the police force responsible for law enforcement within the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester in North West England.

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HMS Sheffield (D80)

HMS Sheffield was the second Royal Navy ship to be named after the city of Sheffield in Yorkshire.

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A hoax is a falsehood deliberately fabricated to masquerade as the truth.

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Ian MacKaye

Ian Thomas Garner MacKaye (born April 16, 1962) is an American singer, songwriter, guitarist, musician, record label owner and producer.

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An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.

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Independent record label

An independent record label (or indie label) is a record label that operates without the funding of or outside major record labels.

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Islington is a district in Greater London, England, and part of the London Borough of Islington.

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James Anderton

Sir Cyril James Anderton (born 24 May 1932) is a retired British police officer who served as chief constable of Greater Manchester from 1976 to 1991.

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Japanther is a band established by Matt Reilly and Ian Vanek, then students at Pratt Institute.

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Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jeffrey Lewis

Jeffrey Lewis (born November 20, 1975) is an American singer-songwriter and comic book artist.

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John Cage

John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer and music theorist.

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John Loder (sound engineer)

John F. Loder (7 April 1946 – 12 August 2005) was an English sound engineer, record producer and founder of Southern Studios, as well as a former member of EXIT and co-founder of the Southern Records distribution company with his wife Sue.

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Joy De Vivre

Joy De Vivre was the second female singer (along with Eve Libertine) of the anarcho-punk band Crass.

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Julian Siegel

Julian H. Siegel (born 1966 in Nottingham) is a British jazz saxophone and clarinet player, and a composer and arranger, described by MOJO Magazine as "One of the UK's most creative saxophonists" Siegel has toured and recorded with Greg Cohen and Joey Baron and was awarded the BBC Jazz Awards 2007 for Best Instrumentalist.

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Karlheinz Stockhausen

Karlheinz Stockhausen (22 August 1928 – 5 December 2007) was a German composer, widely acknowledged by critics as one of the most important but also controversial composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries.

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Kate Shortt

Kate Shortt is a pianist, cello player, songwriter and comedian.

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Kes (film)

Kes is a 1969 drama film directed by Ken Loach and produced by Tony Garnett.

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The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.

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Kitchen sink realism

Kitchen sink realism (or kitchen sink drama) is a British cultural movement that developed in the late 1950s and early 1960s in theatre, art, novels, film, and television plays, whose protagonists usually could be described as "angry young men" who were disillusioned with modern society.

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Last Amendment

Last Amendment (formerly known as The Crass Collective and Crass Agenda) is the working title of a series of collaborations by ex-members of the anarcho-punk band Crass and others.

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Lifeboat (rescue)

A rescue lifeboat is a boat rescue craft which is used to attend a vessel in distress, or its survivors, to rescue crew and passengers.

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Lifestyle anarchism

Lifestyle anarchism is a term derived from Murray Bookchin's polemical Social Anarchism or Lifestyle Anarchism: An Unbridgeable Chasm.

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Liner notes

Liner notes (also sleeve notes or album notes) are the writings found on the sleeves of LP record albums and in booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or the equivalent packaging for vinyl records and cassettes.

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London Greenpeace

London Greenpeace was an anarchist environmentalist activist collective that existed between 1972 and 2001.

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London Underground

The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.

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Love song

A love song is a song about romantic love, falling in love, heartbreak after a breakup, and the feelings that these experiences bring.

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Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.

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Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Matt Black (DJ)

Matt Black (real name Matthew Cohn) is a British DJ and one half of music duo Coldcut (along with Jonathan More), which founded the Ninja Tune record label.

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Member of parliament

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

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Middle of the road (music)

Middle of the road (MOR) loosely describes any type of music that falls between popular music and art music, and includes the work of serious composers who write in a lighter style than normal.

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Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.

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N. A. Palmer

Andrew "Andy" Palmer, also known as N. A. Palmer, is a British musician and artist.

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Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II militant social or political movements seeking to revive and implement the ideology of Nazism.

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News of the World

The News of the World was a national red top newspaper published in the United Kingdom from 1843 to 2011.

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Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition.

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North London

North London is the northern part of London, England.

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Nuclear power

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.

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Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).

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Obscene Publications Acts

Since 1857, a series of obscenity laws known as the Obscene Publications Acts have governed what can be published in England and Wales.

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Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.

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Omnibus Press

Omnibus Press is the world’s largest specialist publisher of music-related books.

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The ouroboros or uroborus is an ancient symbol depicting a serpent or dragon eating its own tail.

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Pacifism is opposition to war, militarism, or violence.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.

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Peace movement

A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, and is often linked to the goal of achieving world peace.

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Peace News

Peace News (PN) is a pacifist magazine first published on 6 June 1936 to serve the peace movement in the United Kingdom.

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Penis Envy (album)

Penis Envy, released in 1981, was the third LP by the anarchist punk band Crass.

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Penny Rimbaud

Jeremy John Ratter (born 8 June 1943), better known as Penny "Lapsang" Rimbaud, is a writer, poet, philosopher, painter, musician and activist.

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Performance art

Performance art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary.

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Perth, Scotland

Perth (Peairt) is a city in central Scotland, located on the banks of the River Tay.

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Pete Wright (musician)

Peter Wright, was bass guitar player and vocalist for anarchist punk band Crass, from 1977 until 1984.

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Peter Kropotkin

Pyotr Alexeevich Kropotkin (Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин; December 9, 1842 – February 8, 1921) was a Russian activist, revolutionary, scientist and philosopher who advocated anarcho-communism.

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Phil Free

Phil Clancey known as Phil Free is a British musician and artist, most well known as guitarist for anarcho punk band Crass.

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Phonograph record

A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.

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Poison Girls

The Poison Girls were an English anarcho-punk band from Brighton.

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Political criticism

Political criticism (also referred to as political commentary or political discussion) is criticism that is specific of or relevant to politics, including policies, politicians, political parties, and types of government.

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Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.

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Punk ideologies

Punk ideologies are a group of varied social and political beliefs associated with the punk subculture and punk rock.

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Punk rock

Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.

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Punk subculture

Punk subculture includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashion, and other forms of expression, visual art, dance, literature and film.

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Queen Elizabeth Hall

The Queen Elizabeth Hall (QEH) is a music venue on the South Bank in London, England, that hosts daily classical, jazz, and avant-garde music and dance performances.

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Recto and verso

The terms recto and verso refer to the text written or printed on the "right" or "front" side and on the "back" side of a leaf of paper in a bound item such as a codex, book, broadsheet, or pamphlet.

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Red Lion Square

Red Lion Square is a small square in Holborn, London.

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Resistance movement

A resistance movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to withstand the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.

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In political science, a revolution (Latin: revolutio, "a turn around") is a fundamental and relatively sudden change in political power and political organization which occurs when the population revolt against the government, typically due to perceived oppression (political, social, economic).

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Rock Against Racism

Rock Against Racism (RAR) was a campaign set up in the United Kingdom in 1976 as a response to an increase in racial conflict and the growth of white nationalist groups such as the National Front.

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Ronald Reagan

Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.

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Rough Trade Records

Rough Trade Records is an independent record label based in London, England.

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San Francisco Chronicle

The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.

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Scotland Yard

Scotland Yard (officially New Scotland Yard) is a metonym for the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), the territorial police force responsible for policing most of London.

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Sexual repression

Sexual repression is a state in which a person is prevented from expressing their own sexuality.

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Shepherd's Bush Empire

Shepherd's Bush Empire (currently known as O2 Shepherd's Bush Empire for sponsorship reasons, and formerly called BBC Television Theatre) is a music venue in Shepherd's Bush, London, run by the Academy Music Group.

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Single (music)

In music, a single, record single or music single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record, an album or an EP record.

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Situationist International

The Situationist International (SI) was an international organization of social revolutionaries made up of avant-garde artists, intellectuals, and political theorists, prominent in Europe from its formation in 1957 to its dissolution in 1972.

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Small Wonder Records

Small Wonder Records was a British independent record label owned and managed by Pete and Mari Stennett, that specialised in releasing records by punk rock and post-punk bands.

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Socialist History Society

The Socialist History Society (SHS) is a British-based organisation which publishes a twice-yearly journal (Socialist History) mainly about the history of the socialist and labour movements in Britain.

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Socialist Workers Party (UK)

The Socialist Workers Party (SWP) is a far-left political party in Britain.

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Sound collage

In music, montage (literally "putting together") or sound collage ("gluing together") is a technique where newly branded sound objects or compositions, including songs, are created from collage, also known as montage.

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South Bank

South Bank is an entertainment and commercial district in central London, next to the River Thames opposite the City of Westminster.

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Southend-on-Sea, commonly referred to as simply Southend, is a town and wider unitary authority area with borough status in southeastern Essex, England.

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Southern Records

Southern Records is an independent record label closely associated with Crass Records, Corpus Christi Records and Dischord Records.

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Southern Studios

Southern Studios is a recording studio in the Wood Green area of London.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.

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Stage lighting

Stage lighting is the craft of lighting as it applies to the production of theatre, dance, opera and other performance arts.

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Stations of the Crass

Stations of the Crass is the second album by Crass, released in 1979.

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Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States.

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Steve Ignorant

Steve Ignorant, born Steven Williams in 1957, is a singer and artist.

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Stoke Newington

Stoke Newington is an area occupying the north-west part of the London Borough of Hackney in north-east London.

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Stonehenge Free Festival

The Stonehenge Free Festival was a British free festival from 1974 to 1984 held at the prehistoric monument Stonehenge in England during the month of June, and culminating with the summer solstice on or near June 21.

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Stop the City

The Stop the City demonstrations of 1983 and 1984 were described as a 'Carnival Against War, Oppression and Destruction', in other words protests against the military-financial complex.

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Subvertising (a portmanteau of subvert and advertising) is the practice of making spoofs or parodies of corporate and political advertisements.

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The swastika (as a character 卐 or 卍) is a geometrical figure and an ancient religious icon from the cultures of Eurasia, where it has been and remains a symbol of divinity and spirituality in Indian religions, Chinese religions, Mongolian and Siberian shamanisms.

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Tabloid (newspaper format)

A tabloid is a newspaper with a compact page size smaller than broadsheet.

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Ten Notes on a Summer's Day

Ten Notes on a Summer's Day is Crass's final album under the Crass name.

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Thatchergate was the colloquial title of a hoax perpetrated by members of the anarcho-punk band Crass during the aftermath of the 1982 Falklands War.

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The Charlatans (English band)

The Charlatans (known in the United States as The Charlatans UK) are an English indie rock band.

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The Clash

The Clash were an English rock band formed in London in 1976 as a key player in the original wave of British punk rock.

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The Feeding of the 5000 (album)

The Feeding of the 5000 is the first album by the anarcho-punk band Crass.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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The Independent

The Independent is a British online newspaper.

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The Leveller

The Leveller was a British political magazine, 1976 to 1982, collectively produced by a shifting coalition of radicals, socialists, marxists, feminists, and others of the British left and progressive movements.

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The Observer

The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.

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The Roxy (Covent Garden)

The Roxy was a fashionable nightclub located at 41–43 Neal Street in London's Covent Garden, known for hosting the flowering British punk music scene in its infancy.

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The Ruts

The Ruts / Ruts DC are an English reggae-influenced punk rock band, notable for the 1979 UK Top 10 hit "Babylon's Burning", and an earlier single "In a Rut", which was not a hit but was highly regarded and regularly played by BBC Radio 1 disc jockey John Peel.

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The Sunday Times

The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.

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The White Lion, Putney

The White Lion is a Grade II listed public house at 14–16 High Street, Putney, London, close to the southern end of Putney Bridge.

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There Is No Authority But Yourself

There is No Authority But Yourself is a Dutch film directed by Alexander Oey documenting the history of anarchist punk band Crass.

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Thirty-year rule

The "thirty-year rule" is the informal name given to laws in the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, and Australia that provide that certain government documents will be released publicly thirty years after they were created.

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Tim Eggar

Timothy John Crommelin Eggar (born 19 December 1951) is a British businessman and former politician.

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Toby Mott

Toby Victor Mott (born 12 January 1964) is a British artist, designer and sometime Punk historian known for his work with the Grey Organisation, an artists' collective that was active in the 1980s, and for his fashion brand Toby Pimlico.

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Tribalism is the state of being organized by, or advocating for, tribes or tribal lifestyles.

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U.K. Subs

The U.K. Subs are an English punk band, among the earliest in the first wave of British punk.

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UK miners' strike (1984–85)

The miners' strike of 1984–85 was a major industrial action to shut down the British coal industry in an attempt to prevent colliery closures.

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Ultimate Guitar Archive

Ultimate Guitar Archive, also known as Ultimate-Guitar.com or simply UG, is the largest guitarist community website including guitar and bass guitar tablature, chord sheets, reviews of music and equipment, interviews with notable musicians, online written and video lessons, and forums.

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Union Jack

The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

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Value-added tax

A value-added tax (VAT), known in some countries as a goods and services tax (GST), is a type of tax that is assessed incrementally, based on the increase in value of a product or service at each stage of production or distribution.

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Video art

Video art is an art form which relies on using video technology as a visual and audio medium.

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Vortex Jazz Club

The Vortex Jazz Club is a music venue in London, England, that primarily features live contemporary jazz.

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Wally Hope

Wally Hope (1947–1975) was a name by which Philip Russell (born Philip Alexander Grahame Russell on 9 August 1947) was known.

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Wapping Autonomy Centre

Wapping Autonomy Centre (also known as The Anarchist Centre) was a social centre set up in a rented space in Metropolitan Wharf, Wapping area of London Docklands from late 1981 to 1982.

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War Requiem

The War Requiem, Op. 66, is a large-scale, non-liturgical setting of the Requiem composed by Benjamin Britten mostly in 1961 and completed in January 1962.

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Wayback Machine

The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet.

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Yes Sir, I Will

Yes Sir, I Will was the fifth and penultimate album released in March 1983 by anarcho-punk band, Crass.

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You'll Ruin It for Everyone

You'll Ruin It for Everyone is a live album by Crass recorded at the Lesser City Hall in Perth, Scotland, on July 4, 1981.

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Youth culture

Youth culture is the way adolescents live, and the norms, values, and practices they share.

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Zen (p; translit) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chan Buddhism.

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Ziggy Stardust (song)

"Ziggy Stardust" is a song written and recorded by David Bowie for his 1972 concept album The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars.

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A zine (short for magazine or fanzine) is a small-circulation self-published work of original or appropriated texts and images, usually reproduced via photocopier.

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12 Crass Songs

12 Crass Songs is the fourth album by anti-folk artist Jeffrey Lewis.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crass

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