19 relations: Alpha 21164, Computational science, Cray, Cray T3D, Digital Equipment Corporation, Distributed operating system, Distributed shared memory, Dynamic random-access memory, FLOPS, Hertz, History of supercomputing, Massively parallel, Microprocessor, MIPS architecture, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, SGI Origin 3000 and Onyx 3000, Silicon Graphics, Torus interconnect, UNICOS.
The Alpha 21164, also known by its code name, EV5, is a microprocessor developed and fabricated by Digital Equipment Corporation that implemented the Alpha instruction set architecture (ISA).
Computational science (also scientific computing or scientific computation (SC)) is a rapidly growing multidisciplinary field that uses advanced computing capabilities to understand and solve complex problems.
Cray Inc. is an American supercomputer manufacturer headquartered in Seattle, Washington.
The T3D (Torus, 3-Dimensional) was Cray Research's first attempt at a massively parallel supercomputer architecture.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
A distributed operating system is a software over a collection of independent, networked, communicating, and physically separate computational nodes.
In computer science, distributed shared memory (DSM) is a form of memory architecture where physically separated memories can be addressed as one logically shared address space.
Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access semiconductor memory that stores each bit of data in a separate tiny capacitor within an integrated circuit.
In computing, floating point operations per second (FLOPS, flops or flop/s) is a measure of computer performance, useful in fields of scientific computations that require floating-point calculations.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
The history of supercomputing goes back to the early 1920s in the United States with the IBM tabulators at Columbia University and a series of computers at Control Data Corporation (CDC), designed by Seymour Cray to use innovative designs and parallelism to achieve superior computational peak performance.
In computing, massively parallel refers to the use of a large number of processors (or separate computers) to perform a set of coordinated computations in parallel (simultaneously).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
MIPS (an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA)Price, Charles (September 1995).
The Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC) is a high performance computing and networking center founded in 1986.
The Origin 3000 and the Onyx 3000 is a family of mid-range and high-end computers developed and manufactured by SGI.
Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.
A torus interconnect is a switch-less network topology for connecting processing nodes in a parallel computer system.
UNICOS is the name of a range of Unix-like operating system variants developed by Cray for its supercomputers.