19 relations: Complaint, Conviction, Court, Crime, Felony, Habeas corpus, Indictment, Information (formal criminal charge), Lawyer, Miranda warning, Misdemeanor, Murder, Right to counsel, Right to silence, Shoplifting, Traffic ticket, Treason, United States Constitution, Vandalism.
In legal terminology, a complaint is any formal legal document that sets out the facts and legal reasons (see: cause of action) that the filing party or parties (the plaintiff(s)) believes are sufficient to support a claim against the party or parties against whom the claim is brought (the defendant(s)) that entitles the plaintiff(s) to a remedy (either money damages or injunctive relief).
In law, a conviction is the verdict that usually results when a court of law finds a defendant guilty of a crime.
A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.
In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.
The term felony, in some common law countries, is defined as a serious crime.
Habeas corpus (Medieval Latin meaning literally "that you have the body") is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful.
An indictment is a formal accusation that a person has committed a crime.
An information is a formal criminal charge which begins a criminal proceeding in the courts.
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor at law, or solicitor, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
The Miranda warning, which also can be referred to as a person's Miranda rights, is a right to silence warning given by police in the United States to criminal suspects in police custody (or in a custodial interrogation) before they are interrogated to preserve the admissibility of their statements against them in criminal proceedings.
A misdemeanor (American English, spelled misdemeanour in British English) is any "lesser" criminal act in some common law legal systems.
Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought.
Right to counsel means a defendant has a right to have the assistance of counsel (i.e., lawyers), and if the defendant cannot afford a lawyer, requires that the government appoint one or pay the defendant's legal expenses.
The right to silence is a legal principle which guarantees any individual the right to refuse to answer questions from law enforcement officers or court officials.
Shoplifting (also known as boosting and five-finger discount), is the unnoticed theft of goods from an open retail establishment.
A traffic ticket is a notice issued by a law enforcement official to a motorist or other road user, indicating that the user has violated traffic laws.
In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
Vandalism is an "action involving deliberate destruction of or damage to public or private property".