102 relations: Abductive reasoning, Accuracy and precision, Advanced Extension Award, Age of Enlightenment, Al-Bairaq, Ancient history, Argument map, Assessment and Qualifications Alliance, Attacking Faulty Reasoning, Automatic Press / VIP, Bias, BioMedical Admissions Test, Business, Cambridge Assessment International Education, Cognition, Cognitive bias mitigation, Cognitive psychology, Contextualism, Corrective feedback, Credibility, Critical theory, Critique, Curiosity, Deductive reasoning, Demarcation problem, Dialectic, Discipline, Discourse analysis, Disinformation, Education, Egocentrism, Ethnocentrism, Evidence, Examination board, Excellence, Fact, Freedom of thought, Freethought, GCE Advanced Level (United Kingdom), General Certificate of Education, Heuristic, Human rights education, Imagination, Inductive reasoning, Inquiry, Intellect, Intelligence, Internalization, International Day for Tolerance, Intuition, ..., John Dewey, Kerry S. Walters, Knowledge, Language, Learning, Length, Logic, Logical reasoning, London, Metacognition, Mind, Misinformation, Modus ponens, Monitoring (medicine), National Admissions Test for Law, Objectivity (philosophy), Operational definition, Outline of human intelligence, Outline of thought, Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations, Philosophy education, Politician, Prejudice, Psychology, Qatar, Rationality, Reason, Reflective practice, Relevance, Research, Sapere aude, Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, Self-control, Self-directedness, Skeptical movement, Skepticism, Skill, Socrates, Teaching Philosophy, Teachings and philosophy of Swami Vivekananda, The Demon-Haunted World, Theodore Schick, Theology, Theory of justification, Thinking Skills Assessment, Thought, Toleration, UK Clinical Aptitude Test, UNESCO, Value (ethics), Vincent F. Hendricks, World Philosophy Day. Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
Abductive reasoning (also called abduction,For example: abductive inference, or retroduction) is a form of logical inference which starts with an observation or set of observations then seeks to find the simplest and most likely explanation.
Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability.
The Advanced Extension Awards are a type of school-leaving qualification in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, usually taken in the final year of schooling (age 17/18), and designed to allow students to "demonstrate their knowledge, understanding and skills to the full".
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
AL-Bairaq (البيرق) is a non-profit educational outreach program for high school students, allowing them to learn at the research environment in the Center for Advanced Materials (CAM) at Qatar University, in Doha, Qatar.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
In informal logic and philosophy, an argument map or argument diagram is a visual representation of the structure of an argument.
AQA (Assessment and Qualifications Alliance) is an awarding body in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Attacking Faulty Reasoning is a textbook on logical fallacies by T. Edward Damer that has been used for many years in a number of college courses on logic, critical thinking, argumentation, and philosophy.
Automatic Press / VIP is an independent publishing house founded in 2005.
Bias is disproportionate weight in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
The BioMedical Admissions Test (BMAT) is an aptitude test used as part of the admissions process for Medicine, Biomedical Sciences and Dentistry in some universities in the United Kingdom, Singapore, Spain, Malaysia, Thailand, Hungary, Croatia and the Netherlands.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
Cambridge Assessment International Education (or simply Cambridge, formerly known as CIE - (University of) Cambridge International Examinations) is a provider of international qualifications, offering examinations and qualifications to 10,000 schools in more than 160 countries.
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Cognitive bias mitigation is the prevention and reduction of the negative effects of cognitive biases – unconscious, automatic influences on human judgment and decision making that reliably produce reasoning errors.
Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking".
Contextualism describes a collection of views in philosophy which emphasize the context in which an action, utterance, or expression occurs, and argues that, in some important respect, the action, utterance, or expression can only be understood relative to that context.
Corrective feedback is a frequent practice in the field of education and in learning generally.
Credibility comprises the objective and subjective components of the believability of a source or message.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
Critique is a method of disciplined, systematic study of a written or oral discourse.
Curiosity (from Latin cūriōsitās, from cūriōsus "careful, diligent, curious", akin to cura "care") is a quality related to inquisitive thinking such as exploration, investigation, and learning, evident by observation in humans and other animals.
Deductive reasoning, also deductive logic, logical deduction is the process of reasoning from one or more statements (premises) to reach a logically certain conclusion.
The demarcation problem in the philosophy of science is about how to distinguish between science and non-science, including between science, pseudoscience, and other products of human activity, like art and literature, and beliefs.
Dialectic or dialectics (διαλεκτική, dialektikḗ; related to dialogue), also known as the dialectical method, is at base a discourse between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject but wishing to establish the truth through reasoned arguments.
Discipline is action or inaction that is regulated to be in accordance (or to achieve accord) with a system of governance.
Discourse analysis (DA), or discourse studies, is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event.
Disinformation is false information spread deliberately to deceive.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Egocentrism is the inability to differentiate between self and other.
Ethnocentrism is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture.
Evidence, broadly construed, is anything presented in support of an assertion.
An examination board (or exam board) is an organization that sets examinations, is responsible for marking them, and distributes results.
Excellence is a talent or quality which is unusually good and so surpasses ordinary standards.
A fact is a statement that is consistent with reality or can be proven with evidence.
Freedom of thought (also called freedom of conscience or ideas) is the freedom of an individual to hold or consider a fact, viewpoint, or thought, independent of others' viewpoints.
Freethought (or "free thought") is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma.
The General Certificate of Education (GCE) Advanced Level, or A Level, is a main school leaving qualification in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
The General Certificate of Education (GCE) is a subject specific family of academic qualifications that awarding bodies in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Crown dependencies and a few Commonwealth countries, notably Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Malaysia and Singapore, confer on students.
A heuristic technique (εὑρίσκω, "find" or "discover"), often called simply a heuristic, is any approach to problem solving, learning, or discovery that employs a practical method, not guaranteed to be optimal, perfect, logical, or rational, but instead sufficient for reaching an immediate goal.
The Advocates for Human Rights Organization defined human rights education as the learning process that builds up the required knowledge, values, and proficiency of human rights.
Imagination is the capacity to produce images, ideas and sensations in the mind without any immediate input of the senses (such as seeing or hearing).
Inductive reasoning (as opposed to ''deductive'' reasoning or ''abductive'' reasoning) is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion.
An inquiry is any process that has the aim of augmenting knowledge, resolving doubt, or solving a problem.
Intellect is a term used in studies of the human mind, and refers to the ability of the mind to come to correct conclusions about what is true or real, and about how to solve problems.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving.
Internalization (or internalisation) has different definitions depending on the field that the term is used in.
The International Day for Tolerance is an annual observance declared by UNESCO in 1995 to generate public awareness of the dangers of intolerance.
Intuition is the ability to acquire knowledge without proof, evidence, or conscious reasoning, or without understanding how the knowledge was acquired.
John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, Georgist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.
Kerry S. Walters (born 1954) is Professor emeritus of Philosophy at Gettysburg College and author of numerous books on philosophy, religion, and American history as well as over 200 articles in academic journals, trade magazines, and newspapers.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.
In geometric measurements, length is the most extended dimension of an object.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
Informally, two kinds of logical reasoning can be distinguished in addition to formal deduction: induction and abduction.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Metacognition is "cognition about cognition", "thinking about thinking", "knowing about knowing", becoming "aware of one's awareness" and higher-order thinking skills.
The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory.
Misinformation is false or incorrect information that is spread intentionally or unintentionally (i.e. without realizing it is untrue).
In propositional logic, modus ponens (MP; also modus ponendo ponens (Latin for "mode that affirms by affirming") or implication elimination) is a rule of inference.
In medicine, monitoring is the observation of a disease, condition or one or several medical parameters over time.
The National Admissions Test for Law, or LNAT, is an admissions aptitude test that was adopted in 2004 by eight UK university law programmes as an admissions requirement for home applicants.
Objectivity is a central philosophical concept, objective means being independent of the perceptions thus objectivity means the property of being independent from the perceptions, which has been variously defined by sources.
An operational definition is the articulation of operationalization (or statement of procedures) used in defining the terms of a process (or set of validation tests) needed to determine the nature of an item or phenomenon (a variable, term, or object) and its properties such as duration, quantity, extension in space, chemical composition, etc.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human intelligence: Human intelligence is, in the human species, the mental capacities to learn, understand, and reason, including the capacities to comprehend ideas, plan, solve problems, and use language to communicate.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to thought (thinking): Thought (also called thinking) – the mental process in which beings form psychological associations and models of the world.
OCR (Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations) is an examination board that sets examinations and awards qualifications (including GCSEs and A-levels).
Philosophy education is the practice of teaching and learning philosophy along with the associated scholarly research.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
Prejudice is an affective feeling towards a person or group member based solely on that person's group membership.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
Reflective practice is the ability to reflect on one's actions so as to engage in a process of continuous learning.
Relevance is the concept of one topic being connected to another topic in a way that makes it useful to consider the second topic when considering the first.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
Sapere aude is the Latin phrase meaning “Dare to know”; and also is loosely translated as “Dare to be wise”, or even more loosely as "Dare to think for yourself!" Originally used in the First Book of Letters (20 BCE), by the Roman poet Horace, the phrase Sapere aude became associated with the Age of Enlightenment, during the 17th and 18th centuries, after Immanuel Kant used it in the essay, “Answering the Question: What Is Enlightenment?” (1784).
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), previously Science, Math, Engineering, and Technology (SMET), is a term used to group together these academic disciplines.
Self-control, an aspect of inhibitory control, is the ability to regulate one's emotions, thoughts, and behavior in the face of temptations and impulses.
Self-directedness is a personality trait of self-determination, that is, the ability to regulate and adapt behavior to the demands of a situation in order to achieve personally chosen goals and values.
The skeptical movement (also spelled sceptical) is a modern social movement based on the idea of scientific skepticism (also called rational skepticism).
Skepticism (American English) or scepticism (British English, Australian English) is generally any questioning attitude or doubt towards one or more items of putative knowledge or belief.
A skill is the ability to carry out a task with determined results often within a given amount of time, energy, or both.
Socrates (Sōkrátēs,; – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.
Teaching Philosophy is a peer-reviewed academic journal devoted to the practical and theoretical discussion of teaching and learning philosophy, that is philosophy education.
Swami Vivekananda was a Hindu monk from India.
The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark is a 1995 book by astrophysicist Carl Sagan, in which the author aims to explain the scientific method to laypeople, and to encourage people to learn critical and skeptical thinking.
Theodore Schick is an American author in the field of philosophy.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.
Theory of justification is a part of epistemology that attempts to understand the justification of propositions and beliefs.
The Thinking Skills Assessment (also known as TSA) is a generic admissions test, which is used as part of the admissions process for entry to some undergraduate courses at the University of Cambridge, the University of Oxford and University College London.
Thought encompasses a “goal oriented flow of ideas and associations that leads to reality-oriented conclusion.” Although thinking is an activity of an existential value for humans, there is no consensus as to how it is defined or understood.
Toleration is the acceptance of an action, object, or person which one dislikes or disagrees with, where one is in a position to disallow it but chooses not to.
The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) is a test used in the selection process by a consortium of UK university Medical and Dental Schools.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
In ethics, value denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to do or what way is best to live (normative ethics), or to describe the significance of different actions.
Vincent Fella Rune Møller Hendricks (born 6 March 1970), is a Danish philosopher and logician.
World Philosophy Day was proclaimed by UNESCO to be celebrated every 3rd Thursday of November.
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