782 relations: A1 (Croatia), A3 (Croatia), ABC-CLIO, Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film, Acquis communautaire, Administrative divisions of Croatia, Adriatic campaign of 1807–14, Adriatic Sea, Agritourism, Agrokor, Albertville, Alexander I of Yugoslavia, Allies of World War II, Alpine skiing, Amnesty International, Andrej Plenković, Andrija Mohorovičić, Ante Pavelić, Anthroponymy, Anti-bureaucratic revolution, Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia, Antun Branko Šimić, Antun Gustav Matoš, Arachosia, Arms industry, Art Nouveau, Art school, Atheism, August Šenoa, Austria, Austria-Hungary, Austrian cuisine, Austrian Empire, Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, Axis powers, Čakovec, Đuro Đaković (company), Šibenik, Šibenik Cathedral, Šibenik-Knin County, Školska knjiga, Baška tablet, Baden culture, Ban of Croatia, Banovina of Croatia, Banski dvori, Baranya (region), Baroque, Baroque architecture, Battle of Gvozd Mountain, ..., Battle of Krbava Field, Battle of Lissa (1811), Battle of Mohács, Battle of Sisak, BBC News, Belgrade Offensive, Benkovac, Benthic zone, Biševo, Birth rate, Bjelovar, Bjelovar-Bilogora County, Bleiburg repatriations, Blue Flag beach, Bogoljub Kočović, Bora (wind), Boreal Kingdom, Borna (duke), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosniaks, Branimir inscription, Branimir of Croatia, Breakup of Yugoslavia, Brod-Posavina County, Burgenland Croats, Byzantine Empire, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, Cardiovascular disease, Catholic Church, Catholic University of Croatia, Caulerpa taxifolia, Central Europe, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Central Intelligence Agency, Chakavian, Chalcolithic, Charles T. Powers, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, Chetnik war crimes in World War II, Chris Hedges, Christianity, Christianization, Chuck Sudetic, Church of St. Donatus, Cinema of Croatia, Circumboreal Region, Civil law (legal system), Civil union, Coloman, King of Hungary, Commander-in-chief, Common Era, Congress of Vienna, Constantine VII, Constitution of Croatia, Constitutional Court of Croatia, Consul (representative), Continental climate, Contract bridge, Cornell University Press, Corpus separatum (Fiume), Corruption Perceptions Index, Council of Europe, Counties of Croatia, County court, Cravat, Creation of Yugoslavia, Cres, Cretan War (1645–1669), Croatia, Croatia at the Olympics, Croatia in union with Hungary, Croatia–NATO relations, Croatia–Slovenia border disputes, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Croatian Air Force and Air Defence, Croatian Army, Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Croatian constitutional referendum, 2013, Croatian Democratic Union, Croatian European Union membership referendum, 2012, Croatian First Football League, Croatian Football Federation, Croatian kuna, Croatian language, Croatian linguistic purism, Croatian literature, Croatian Littoral, Croatian Military Frontier, Croatian National Tourist Board, Croatian Navy, Croatian News Agency, Croatian Olympic Committee, Croatian Parliament, Croatian parliamentary election, 1990, Croatian Peasant Party, Croatian Radiotelevision, Croatian Railways, Croatian Spring, Croatian State Archives, Croatian War of Independence, Croatian–Bulgarian battle of 926, Croatian–Hungarian Settlement, Croatian–Ottoman wars, Croats, Cultural tourism, Culture of Croatia, Cvetković–Maček Agreement, Czech language, Czechs, Dalmatia, Daniel J. Boorstin, Danube, De Administrando Imperio, Declaration of independence, Declaration on the Status and Name of the Croatian Literary Language, Deloitte, Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia, Demographic transition, Developed country, Dialect, Dinara, Dinaric Alps, Dinaric Mountains mixed forests, Diocletian, Diocletian's Palace, Diplomatic recognition, Disability rights movement, Discus throw, Discus throw at the Olympics, Doctor of Medicine, Dolomite, Drava, Dušan Vukotić, Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik Airport, Dubrovnik International University, Dubrovnik-Neretva County, Duchy, Duchy of Croatia, Duchy of Pannonian Croatia, Eastern Orthodox Church, Economy of Croatia, Ecoregion, Education in Croatia, Edward Gibbon, Einhard, Election in Cetin, Enclave and exclave, English language, Epidaurum, Epigraphy, Erdut Agreement, Ethnogenesis, Ethnonym, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, European Championship, European Commission, European Economic Community, European migrant crisis, European Union, Eurostat, Executive (government), Expressionism, Facebook, Fausto Veranzio, Federal Aviation Administration, Federalism, Feeder line (network), Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, First French Empire, FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2003, FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2005, Foundation for Environmental Education, Francia, Franciscus Patricius, Franjo Hanaman, Franjo Tuđman, Frankopan, Freedom House, Freedom of information, Freedom of religion, French language, Gale (publisher), Gallup (company), General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia, German language, German Marshall Fund, German-occupied Europe, Germanisation, Germans, Giorgio da Sebenico, Giovanni Luppis, Glagolitic script, Golan Heights, Gordan Jandroković, Gorski Kotar, Gospić, Gothic language, Government of Croatia, Great Migrations of the Serbs, Great Turkish War, Greek language, Gross domestic product, Grove Press, Growing season, Gymnasium (school), Habsburg Monarchy, Hallstatt culture, Handball, Hanza Media, Harold Nicolson, Head of state, Healthcare in Croatia, Helena of Hungary, Queen of Croatia, Highways in Croatia, History of the Mediterranean region, Homogeneity and heterogeneity, House of Habsburg, Hrvatska elektroprivreda, Hrvatska revija, Hrvatske ceste, Hrvatski Telekom, Hrvatsko Zagorje, HS Produkt, HS2000, Human Development Index, Hundred Years' Croatian–Ottoman War, Hungarian cuisine, Hungarian language, Hungarian Revolution of 1848, Hungarians, Hungary, Hvar, Illyrian deciduous forests, Illyrian movement, Illyrian Provinces, Illyrians, INA d.d., Independence of Croatia, Independent State of Croatia, Index of Croatia-related articles, Index.hr, Indiana University Press, Indo-Aryan languages, Infant mortality, Institute of Croatian Language and Linguistics, Institute of technology, Intangible cultural heritage, Interliber, International airport, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, International E-road network, International Futures, International Monetary Fund, International Olympic Committee, International Organization for Migration, International Security Assistance Force, International trade, Invasion of Yugoslavia, Invertebrate, Investigative journalism, IPTV, Iranian languages, Iranian peoples, Iron Age, Irreligion in Croatia, Islam, Islam in Croatia, Istria, Istria County, Italian cuisine, Italian language, Italian language in Croatia, Ivan Đikić, Ivan Gundulić, Ivan Mažuranić, Ivan Meštrović, Ivan Supek, Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Ivo Andrić, Ivo Goldstein, J. B. Bury, Jadranski naftovod, Jasenovac concentration camp, Javelin throw at the Olympics, Jews, John R. Lampe, Josip Broz Tito, Josip Franjo Domin, Josip Jelačić, Josip Juraj Strossmayer, Julius Nepos, Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Jutarnji list, Kajkavian, Karlovac, Karlovac County, Karst, Köppen climate classification, Kingdom of Croatia (925–1102), Kingdom of Croatia (Habsburg), Kingdom of Dalmatia, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Italy, Kingdom of Serbia, Kingdom of Slavonia, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Kirin Company, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, Kolo (magazine), Konzum, Koprivnica, Koprivnica-Križevci County, Korčula, Kosovo Force, Krapina, Krapina-Zagorje County, Krško Nuclear Power Plant, Krk, Krka (Croatia), Kupa, La Tène culture, Ladislaus I of Hungary, Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, Languages of the European Union, Lastovo, Latin, Latin alphabet, League of Communists of Croatia, Learned society, Legislative chamber, Leopold Ružička, Lexicon, Liburnians, Lijepa naša domovino, Lika, Lika-Senj County, Limestone, List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues, List of caves in Croatia, List of cities and towns in Croatia, List of companies of Croatia, List of countries and dependencies by population, List of countries and dependencies by population density, List of countries by Human Development Index, List of countries by life expectancy, List of diplomatic missions of Croatia, List of inhabited islands of Croatia, List of islands of Croatia, List of railway lines in Croatia, List of sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate, List of World Heritage Sites in Croatia, Live birth (human), Ljudevit, Local administrative unit, Los Angeles Times, Louis II of Hungary, Lower Pannonia (9th century), Lujo Margetić, M-84D, Macmillan Publishers, Man and the Biosphere Programme, Maria Theresa, Marija Bistrica, Marija Jurić Zagorka, Marin Držić, Marin Soljačić, Marino Ghetaldi, Market economy, Marko Marulić, Matica hrvatska, Matt Prodger, Matura, Međimurje County, Media of Croatia, Medieval Latin, Mediterranean Basin, Mediterranean climate, Mediterranean cuisine, Member state of the European Union, Middle Ages, Migration Period, Ministry of Culture (Croatia), Ministry of Defence (Croatia), Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (Croatia), Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure, Ministry of Science and Education (Croatia), Ministry of the Interior (Croatia), Minority languages of Croatia, Miroslav Šeparović, Miroslav Krleža, Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography, Miroslav Radman, Mislav of Croatia, Mitteleuropa, Modern Library, Montenegro, Mortality rate, Mountain resort, Multi-party system, Municipalities of Croatia, Music school, N1 (television), Nacional (weekly), Name of Croatia, Narodne novine, National Liberation Movement in Croatia, National park, NATO, Natura 2000, Natural and Cultural Heritage of Croatia, Nature park, Naturism, Nautical tourism, Nazi Germany, Neanderthal, Neolithic, Neum, News agency, Newsweek, Niccolò di Giovanni Fiorentino, Nikola Nalješković, Nikola Tesla, Nikola Vitov Gučetić, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, Nova Science Publishers, Nova TV (Croatia), Novi list, NUTS statistical regions of Croatia, Oath of office, Oblast, Odašiljači i veze, Ogulin, Old Church Slavonic Institute, Old Persian, Olm, Olympic Games, Olympic medal, Olympic weightlifting, One-party state, Opatija, Operation Storm, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Osijek, Osijek Airport, Osijek-Baranja County, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman–Venetian War (1714–1718), Outline of Croatia, Paleolithic, Palgrave Macmillan, Pan-European corridors, Pannonian Avars, Pannonian Basin, Parliament of Yugoslavia, Parliamentary republic, Parliamentary system, Partnership for Peace, Paul L. Montgomery, Pazin, Penguin Books, Personal union, Peter Krešimir IV of Croatia, Phonology, Phytogeography, Plinacro, Plitvice Lakes National Park, Požega, Croatia, Požega-Slavonia County, Political faction, Pope John VIII, Pope John X, Port, Port of Rijeka, Port of Split, Poslovni dnevnik, Pragmatic sanction, Pragmatic Sanction of 1712, Prehistory, President of Croatia, Press Freedom Index, Prime Minister of Croatia, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, Private law, Privatization, Professionalization, Protected areas of Croatia, Protestantism, Proto-Slavic, Public administration, Public law, Pula, Pula Airport, Pula Film Festival, Puppet state, Purchasing power parity, Radovan (master), Random House, Realism (arts), Recognition of same-sex unions in Croatia, Red Army, Religion in Croatia, Religious denomination, Renaissance in Croatia, Reporters Without Borders, Republic, Republic of Ragusa, Republic of Serbian Krajina, Republic of Venice, Republika Srpska, Reuters, Richard S. Levy, Rijeka, Rijeka Airport, Rococo, Roger Joseph Boscovich, Roman Empire, Romanesque art, Romani people, Romantic nationalism, Routledge, Rowing (sport), Rowman & Littlefield, Royal Navy, RTL Televizija, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Ruthenian language, Sailing (sport), Saint, Saint Joseph, SANU Memorandum, Sava, Schengen Area, Secondary sector of the economy, Security and Intelligence Agency, Semi-presidential system, Separation of church and state, Serbia, Serbian Cyrillic alphabet, Serbian language in Croatia, Serbo-Croatian, Serbs of Croatia, Shooting sports, Shtokavian, Sirocco, Sisak, Sisak People's Liberation Partisan Detachment, Sisak-Moslavina County, Slavic languages, Slavic liquid metathesis and pleophony, Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Slavonia, Slavonski Brod, Slavs, Slobodna Dalmacija, Slovak language, Slovenes, Slovenia, Slovo (journal), Social Democratic Party of Croatia, Social security, Socialism, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist Republic of Croatia, South Slavic languages, South Slavs, Southeast Europe, Sovereign state, Spa, Speaker of the Croatian Parliament, Split Airport, Split, Croatia, Split-Dalmatia County, Stabilisation and Association Process, Standard language, Stara Gradiška concentration camp, Starčevo culture, State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Croatia, State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, State's Attorney Office of the Republic of Croatia, Stephen II of Croatia, Stephen Kinzer, Steven Erlanger, Stjepan Radić, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Style (manner of address), Styria Media Group, Subdivisions of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Supreme Court of Croatia, Surogat, Svetac, Syntax, Syrmia, Tanais Tablets, Tehran Conference, Telegraph Media Group, Telephone numbers in Croatia, Territorial waters, Tertiary sector of the economy, Texas A&M University Press, The Independent, The New York Times, Tin Ujević, Tomislav of Croatia, Total fertility rate, Tourism, Tourism in Croatia, Transparency International, Transport in Croatia, Trap shooting, Treaty of Accession 2011, Treaty of Berlin (1878), Trogir Cathedral, Trpimir I of Croatia, Trpimirović dynasty, Turkish cuisine, Tvrđa, UNESCO, UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists, Unicameralism, UNICEF, Union for the Mediterranean, Unitary state, United Nations, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations peacekeeping, United Nations Security Council, United States Census Bureau, United States Department of State, United States of Greater Austria, Universal health care, University of Dubrovnik, University of Kansas, University of Osijek, University of Rijeka, University of Split, University of Toronto Press, University of Zadar, University of Zagreb, Ustashe, Varaždin, Varaždin County, Vassal state, Večernji list, Vertebrate, Vidovdan Constitution, Virovitica, Virovitica-Podravina County, Vis (island), Vladimir Žerjavić, Vladimir Prelog, Vladko Maček, Vlaho Bukovac, Vocational school, Vučedol culture, Vukovar, Vukovar-Srijem County, Water polo, Water polo at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships, West Slavs, Western Europe, Western Roman Empire, White Croatia, White Croats, Wiley-Blackwell, World Bank, World Health Organization, World Heritage site, World Heritage Sites by country, World Tourism rankings, World Trade Organization, World War I, World War II, World War II persecution of Serbs, World Wide Fund for Nature, Writing system, Yugoslav Partisans, Yugoslav People's Army, Zadar, Zadar Airport, Zadar County, Zagreb, Zagreb Airport, Zagreb County, Zagreb Fair, Zrinski family, Zrmanja, .eu, .hr, 13th meridian east, 1974 Yugoslav Constitution, 1979 Mediterranean Games, 1987 Summer Universiade, 1992 Summer Olympics, 1992 Winter Olympics, 1994 Winter Olympics, 1996 Summer Olympics, 1998 Winter Olympics, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2000 World Rowing Championships, 2000s (decade), 2002 Winter Olympics, 2003 World Men's Handball Championship, 2004 Summer Olympics, 2005 Davis Cup, 2006 Winter Olympics, 2007 World Aquatics Championships, 2007 World Championships in Athletics, 2007 World Table Tennis Championships, 2007 World Taekwondo Championships, 2008 Summer Olympics, 2009 World Championships in Athletics, 2009 World Men's Handball Championship, 2010 Winter Olympics, 2010 World Rowing Championships, 2011 World Taekwondo Championships, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2013 enlargement of the European Union, 2013 World Championships in Athletics, 2014 Winter Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics, 2017 World Championships in Athletics, 20th meridian east, 24sata (Croatia), 42nd parallel north, 47th parallel north. Expand index (732 more) » « Shrink index
The A1 motorway (Autocesta A1) is the longest motorway in Croatia, spanning.
The A3 motorway (Autocesta A3) is a major motorway in Croatia spanning.
ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.
The Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film is an award given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) as part of the Academy Awards annually since the 5th Academy Awards, covering the year 1931–32, to the present.
The Community acquis or acquis communautaire, sometimes called the EU acquis and often shortened to acquis, is the accumulated legislation, legal acts, and court decisions which constitute the body of European Union law.
The subdivisions of Croatia on the first level are the 20 counties (županija, pl. županije) and one city-county (grad, "city").
The Adriatic campaign was a minor theatre of war during the Napoleonic Wars in which a succession of small British Royal Navy squadrons and independent cruisers harried the combined naval forces of the First French Empire, the Kingdom of Italy, the Illyrian Provinces and the Kingdom of Naples between 1807 and 1814 in the Adriatic Sea.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Agritourism or agrotourism, as it is defined most broadly, involves any agriculturally based operation or activity that brings visitors to a farm or ranch.
Agrokor is a conglomerate, largely centered in agribusiness, with headquarters in Zagreb, Croatia.
Albertville (Arpitan: Arbèrtvile) is a commune in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
Alexander I (– 9 October 1934), also known as Alexander the Unifier, served as a prince regent of the Kingdom of Serbia from 1914 and later became King of Yugoslavia from 1921 to 1934 (prior to 1929 the state was known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing (cross-country, Telemark, or ski jumping) which use skis with free-heel bindings.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Andrej Plenković (born 8 April 1970) is a Croatian politician and diplomat serving as Prime Minister of Croatia since 19 October 2016.
Andrija Mohorovičić (23 January 1857 – 18 December 1936) was a Croatian meteorologist and seismologist.
Ante Pavelić (14 July 1889 – 28 December 1959) was a Croatian general and military dictator who founded and headed the fascist ultranationalist organization known as the Ustaše in 1929 and governed the Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH), a fascist Nazi puppet state built out of Yugoslavia by the authorities of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, from 1941 to 1945.
Anthroponomastics (or anthroponymy) is the study of the names of human beings.
The Anti-bureaucratic revolution was a campaign of street protests ran between 1986 and 1989 in former Yugoslavia by supporters of Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević.
The Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia, known more commonly by its Yugoslav abbreviation AVNOJ (Serbo-Croatian: Antifašističko veće narodnog oslobođenja Jugoslavije – AVNOJ / Антифашистичко веће народног ослобођења Југославије – АВНОЈ), was the political umbrella organization for the national liberation councils of the Yugoslav resistance against the Axis occupation during World War II.
Antun Branko Šimić (18 November 1898 – 2 May 1925) was an expressionist poet from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Antun Gustav Matoš (13 June 1873 – 17 March 1914) was a Croatian poet, short story writer, journalist, essayist and travelogue writer.
Arachosia is the Hellenized name of an ancient satrapy in the eastern part of the Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, Greco-Bactrian, and Indo-Scythian empires.
The arms industry, also known as the defense industry or the arms trade, is a global industry responsible for the manufacturing and sales of weapons and military technology.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
An art school is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, including fine art, especially illustration, painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic design.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
August Šenoa (originally Schönoa; 14 November 1838 – 13 December 1881) was a Croatian novelist.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Austrian cuisine is a style of cuisine native to Austria and composed of influences from throughout the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 (Ausgleich, Kiegyezés) established the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Čakovec (Csáktornya; Aquama; Tschakathurn) is a city in northern Croatia, located around north of Zagreb, the Croatian capital.
Đuro Đaković Holding d.d. is a Croatian metal mechanical engineering group based in Slavonski Brod, Croatia.
Šibenik (Sebenico) is a historic city in Croatia, located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea.
The Cathedral of St.
Šibenik-Knin County (Croatian Šibensko-kninska županija) is a county in southern Croatia, located in the north-central part of Dalmatia.
Školska knjiga (lit. Schoolbook) is one of the largest publishing companies in Croatia.
Baška tablet (Bašćanska ploča) is one of the first monuments containing an inscription in the Croatian recension of the Church Slavonic language, dating from c. 1100.
The Baden culture, 3600–2800 BC, is a Chalcolithic culture found in Central and Southeast Europe.
Ban of Croatia (Croatian: Hrvatski ban; horvát bán) was the title of local rulers or office holders and after 1102 viceroys of Croatia.
The Banovina of Croatia or Banate of Croatia (Banovina Hrvatska, Бановина Хрватска) was an autonomous province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1939 and 1941.
Banski dvori (Ban's Court) is a historical building on the west side of St. Mark's Square in Zagreb, Croatia.
Baranya or Baranja (Baranya,; Baranja,; Branau, Барања/Baranja) is a geographical region between the Danube and the Drava rivers.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
The Battle of Gvozd Mountain took place in the year 1097 and was fought between the army of Petar Svačić and King Coloman I of Hungary.
The Battle of Krbava Field (Bitka na Krbavskom polju, Korbávmezei csata, Krbava Muharebesi) was fought between the Ottoman Empire of Bayezid II and an army of the Kingdom of Croatia, at the time in personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary, on 9 September 1493, in the Krbava field, a part of the Lika region in Croatia.
The Battle of Lissa (sometimes called the Battle of Vis; Bataille de Lissa; Battaglia di Lissa; Viška bitka) was a naval action fought between a British frigate squadron and a larger squadron of French and Italian frigates and smaller ships on 13 March 1811 during the Adriatic campaign of the Napoleonic Wars.
The Battle of Mohács (Mohácsi csata, Mohaç Meydan Muharebesi) was one of the most consequential battles in Central European history.
The Battle of Sisak (Bitka kod Siska; Bitka pri Sisku; Schlacht bei Sissek; Kulpa Bozgunu) was fought on 22 June 1593 between Ottoman regional forces of Telli Hasan Pasha, a notable commander (Beglerbeg) of the Eyalet of Bosnia, and a combined Christian army from the Habsburg lands, mainly Kingdom of Croatia and Inner Austria.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The Belgrade Offensive or the Belgrade Strategic Offensive Operation (Beogradska operacija, Београдска операција; Белградская стратегическая наступательная операция, Belgradskaya strategicheskaya nastupatel'naya operatsiya) (14 September 1944 – 24 November 1944) was a military operation in which Belgrade was liberated from the German Wehrmacht through the joint efforts of the Soviet Red Army, Yugoslav Partisans, and the Bulgarian People's Army.
Benkovac is a town and municipality (Općina) in the interior of Zadar County, Croatia.
The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water such as an ocean or a lake, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers.
Biševo (Chakavian: Bisovo, Busi) is an island in the Adriatic Sea in Croatia.
The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.
Bjelovar (Belovár, Bellowar, Kajkavian: Belovar) is a city in central Croatia.
Bjelovar-Bilogora County (Bjelovarsko-bilogorska županija) is a county in central Croatia.
Bleiburg repatriations (see terminology) is a term encompassing events that took place after the end of World War II in Europe, when tens of thousands of soldiers and civilians associated with the Axis fleeing Yugoslavia were repatriated to that country.
The Blue Flag is a certification by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) that a beach, marina or sustainable boating tourism operator meets its stringent standards.
Bogoljub Kočović (born 1920) is a Bosnian jurist and statistician.
The bora is a northern to north-eastern katabatic wind in the Adriatic Sea.
The Boreal Kingdom or Holarctic Kingdom (Holarctis) is a floristic kingdom identified by botanist Ronald Good (and later by Armen Takhtajan), which includes the temperate to Arctic portions of North America and Eurasia.
Borna was the Duke (dux, Slavic knez) of Dalmatia, a vassal of the Frankish Empire, mentioned in the Royal Frankish Annals in entries regarding 818–821.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
The Bosniaks (Bošnjaci,; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group inhabiting mainly the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Branimir inscription (Natpis kneza Branimira) is the oldest preserved monument containing an inscription defining a Croatian medieval ruler as a duke of Croats –. The inscription was originally a part of templon of a church built by Duke Branimir, who ruled Croatia from 879–892.
Branimir (Branimiro) was a ruler of the Duchy of Croatia who reigned as duke (knez) from 879 to 892.
The breakup of Yugoslavia occurred as a result of a series of political upheavals and conflicts during the early 1990s.
Brod-Posavina County (Brodsko-posavska županija) is the southern Slavonian county in Croatia.
Burgenland Croats is the name for ethnic Croats in the Austrian state of Burgenland, along with Croats in neighboring Hungary and Slovakia.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Catholic University of Croatia (Hrvatsko katoličko sveučilište; Universitas Studiorum Catholica Croatica) is a private university of the Catholic Church located in Zagreb, Croatia.
Caulerpa taxifolia is a species of seaweed, an alga of the genus Caulerpa.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Chakavian or Čakavian,, (čakavski, proper name: čakavica or čakavština, own name: čokovski, čakavski, čekavski) is a dialect of the Serbo-Croatian language spoken by a minority of Croats.
The Chalcolithic (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998), p. 301: "Chalcolithic /,kælkəl'lɪθɪk/ adjective Archaeology of, relating to, or denoting a period in the 4th and 3rd millennium BCE, chiefly in the Near East and SE Europe, during which some weapons and tools were made of copper. This period was still largely Neolithic in character. Also called Eneolithic... Also called Copper Age - Origin early 20th cent.: from Greek khalkos 'copper' + lithos 'stone' + -ic". χαλκός khalkós, "copper" and λίθος líthos, "stone") period or Copper Age, in particular for eastern Europe often named Eneolithic or Æneolithic (from Latin aeneus "of copper"), was a period in the development of human technology, before it was discovered that adding tin to copper formed the harder bronze, leading to the Bronze Age.
Charles T. Powers (1943–1996) was an American journalist and writer, chiefly remembered for his novel In the Memory of the Forest, set in Poland.
Charles VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740; Karl VI.) succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II), King of Hungary and Croatia, Serbia and Archduke of Austria (as Charles III) in 1711.
During the Second World War, Chetniks committed numerous war crimes that were primarily directed towards Yugoslav Partisans and the non-Serbian population of Yugoslavia.
Christopher Lynn Hedges (born September 18, 1956) is an American journalist, Presbyterian minister, and visiting Princeton University lecturer.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christianization (or Christianisation) is the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire groups at once.
Chuck Sudetic is a former writer and journalist from the United States whose work focused mainly on the lands and peoples of the now-defunct country of Yugoslavia and included books and articles on the Srebrenica massacre of 1995, international war-crimes prosecution efforts after the Balkan conflicts of the 1990s, and life from the fifth century B.C. to the present day in and around what is now the seaside town of Dubrovnik.
The Church of St.
The cinema of Croatia has a somewhat shorter tradition than what is common for other Central European countries: the serious beginning of Croatian cinema starts with the rise of the Yugoslavian film industry in the 1940s.
The Circumboreal Region in phytogeography is a floristic region within the Holarctic Kingdom in Eurasia and North America, as delineated by such geobotanists as Josias Braun-Blanquet and Armen Takhtajan.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
A civil union, also referred to by a variety of other names, is a legally recognized arrangement similar to marriage.
Coloman the Learned, also the Book-Lover or the Bookish (Könyves Kálmán; Koloman; Koloman Učený; 10703February 1116) was King of Hungary from 1095 and King of Croatia from 1097 until his death.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos or Porphyrogenitus ("the Purple-born", that is, born in the purple marble slab-paneled imperial bed chambers; translit; 17–18 May 905 – 9 November 959) was the fourth Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty of the Byzantine Empire, reigning from 913 to 959.
The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia (Ustav Republike Hrvatske) is promulgated by the Croatian Parliament.
Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia (Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske) is an institution that acts as the interpreter and guardian of the Croatian Constitution and which monitors the conformity of laws with the Constitution as well as protection of human rights and freedoms of citizens that are guaranteed by the Constitution.
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
Continental climates are defined in the Köppen climate classification as having the coldest month with the temperature never rising above 0.0° C (32°F) all month long.
Contract bridge, or simply bridge, is a trick-taking card game using a standard 52-card deck.
The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.
Corpus separatum, a Latin term meaning "separated body", refers to the status of the City of Fiume (modern Rijeka, Croatia) while given a special legal and political status different from its environment under the rule of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) since 1995, annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit".
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
The counties of Croatia (županije) are the primary administrative subdivisions of the Republic of Croatia.
A county court is a court based in or with a jurisdiction covering one or more counties, which are administrative divisions (subnational entities) within a country, not to be confused with the medieval system of county courts held by the High Sheriff of each county.
The cravat is a neckband, the forerunner of the modern tailored necktie and bow tie, originating from a style worn by members of the seventeenth-century military unit known as the Croats.
Yugoslavia was a state concept among the South Slavic intelligentsia and later popular masses from the 17th to early 20th centuries that culminated in its realization after the 1918 collapse of Austria-Hungary at the end of World War I and the formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Cres (Cherso, Kersch, Crepsa, Greek: Χέρσος, Chersos) is an Adriatic island in Croatia.
The Cretan War (Κρητικός Πόλεμος, Girit'in Fethi) or War of Candia (Guerra di Candia, Kandijski rat), is the name given to the Fifth Ottoman–Venetian War, a conflict between the Republic of Venice and her allies (chief among them the Knights of Malta, the Papal States and France) against the Ottoman Empire and the Barbary States, because it was largely fought over the island of Crete, Venice's largest and richest overseas possession.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Croatia competed at the Olympic Games for the first time as an independent nation in 1992, and has participated in every Games since then.
The Kingdom of Croatia (Regnum Croatiae; Hrvatsko kraljevstvo or Kraljevina Hrvatska) entered a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary in 1102, after a period of rule of kings from the Trpimirović and Svetoslavić dynasties and a succession crisis following the death of king Demetrius Zvonimir.
The accession of Croatia to NATO took place in 2009.
Following the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, Slovenia and Croatia became independent countries.
The Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Academia Scientiarum et Artium Croatica, Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, abbrev. HAZU) is the national academy of Croatia.
The Croatian Air Force (Hrvatsko ratno zrakoplovstvo or HRZ) is a branch of the Croatian Armed Forces whose primary task is to ensure the sovereignty of the airspace of the Republic of Croatia and to provide aviation support to other branches in the implementation of their tasks in joint operations.
The Croatian Army (also Croatian Ground Army, Hrvatska kopnena vojska, Hrvatska vojska) is a branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia.
The Croatian Bureau of Statistics (Državni zavod za statistiku or DZS) is the Croatian national statistics bureau.
A constitutional referendum was held in Croatia on 1 December 2013.
The Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica or HDZ, literally translated: Croatian Democratic Community) is a conservative political party and the main centre-right political party in Croatia.
A referendum on the EU accession of the Republic of Croatia was held on 22 January 2012.
The Croatian First Football League (Prva hrvatska nogometna liga), (also known as Prva HNL or 1. HNL) or for sponsorship reasons the Hrvatski Telekom Prva Liga, is the top Croatian professional football league competition, established in 1992.
The Croatian Football Federation (Hrvatski nogometni savez or HNS) is the governing body of association football in Croatia.
The kuna is the currency of Croatia, in use since 1994 (ISO 4217 code: HRK).
Croatian (hrvatski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used by Croats, principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and other neighboring countries.
One of the defining features of modern Croatian language is according to some a preference for word coinage from native Slavic morphemes, as opposed to adopting loanwords or replacing them altogether.
Croatian literature refers to literary works attributed to the medieval and modern culture of the Croats, Croatia and the Croatian language.
Croatian Littoral (Hrvatsko primorje) is a historical name (period of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy) littoral for the region of Croatia comprising mostly Kvarner coastal area between traditional Dalmatia to the south, Mountainous Croatia to the north and east, and Istria and the Kvarner Gulf of the Adriatic Sea to the west.
The Croatian Military Frontier (Hrvatska vojna krajina or Hrvatska vojna granica) was a district of the Military Frontier, a territory in the Habsburg Monarchy, first during the period of the Austrian Empire and then during Austria-Hungary.
The Croatian National Tourist Board (Hrvatska turistička zajednica or HTZ) is Croatia's national tourist organization founded with a view to promoting and creating the identity, and to enhance the reputation of, Croatian tourism.
The Croatian Navy (Hrvatska ratna mornarica or HRM) is a branch of the Croatian Armed Forces.
Croatian News Agency (Hrvatska izvještajna novinska agencija; HINA) is the government-owned national news agency of Croatia.
The Croatian Olympic Committee (Hrvatski olimpijski odbor (HOO)) is the non-profit organization representing Croatian athletes in the International Olympic Committee.
The Croatian Parliament (Hrvatski sabor) or the Sabor is the unicameral representative body of the citizens of the Republic of Croatia; it is Croatia's legislature.
Parliamentary elections were held in the Socialist Republic of Croatia between 22 and 23 April 1990; the second round of voting occurred on 6–7 May.
The Croatian Peasant Party (Hrvatska seljačka stranka or HSS) is a centrist political party in Croatia founded on December 22, 1904 by Antun and Stjepan Radić as Croatian Peoples' Peasant Party (HPSS).
Croatian Radiotelevision (Hrvatska radiotelevizija or HRT) is a Croatian public broadcasting company.
Croatian Railways (Hrvatske željeznice, HŽ) is the national railway company of Croatia.
The Croatian Spring (Hrvatsko proljeće, also called masovni pokret or MASPOK, for "mass movement") was a cultural and political movement that emerged from the League of Communists of Croatia in the late 1960s which opposed the unitarisation and called for economic, cultural and political reforms in SFR Yugoslavia and therefore more rights for SR Croatia within Yugoslavia.
The Croatian State Archives (Hrvatski državni arhiv) are the national archives of Croatia located in its capital, Zagreb.
The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces, with the JNA ending its combat operations in Croatia by 1992.
In 926 a battle was fought in the Bosnian highlands between the armies the Bulgarian Empire, under the rule of Bulgarian Tsar Simeon I, who at the time also fought a war with the Byzantine Empire, and the Kingdom of Croatia under Tomislav, the first king of the Croatian state.
Croatian–Hungarian Settlement (Hrvatsko-ugarska nagodba, Horvát–magyar kiegyezés, Kroatisch-Ungarischer Ausgleich) was a pact signed in 1868, that governed Croatia's political status in the Hungarian-ruled part of Austria-Hungary.
Croatian–Ottoman Wars (Osmanlı-Hırvatistan Savaşları, Hrvatsko-osmanski ratovi) can refer to one of the several conflicts between the Kingdom of Croatia (in Kingdom of Hungary-Croatia and in Habsburg Monarchy) and the Ottoman Empire.
Croats (Hrvati) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia.
Cultural tourism is the subset of tourism concerned with a traveler's engagement with a country or region's culture, specifically the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those people, their art, architecture, religion(s), and other elements that helped shape their way of life.
The culture of Croatia has roots in a long history: the Croatian people have been inhabiting the area for fourteen centuries, but there are important remnants of the earlier periods still preserved in the country.
The Cvetković–Maček Agreement was a political agreement on the internal divisions in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia which was settled on August 26, 1939 by Yugoslav prime minister Dragiša Cvetković and Vladko Maček, a Croat politician.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Dalmatia (Dalmacija; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia and Istria.
Daniel Joseph Boorstin (October 1, 1914 – February 28, 2004) was an American historian at the University of Chicago who wrote on many topics in American and world history.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
De Administrando Imperio ("On the Governance of the Empire") is the Latin title of a Greek work written by the 10th-century Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine VII.
A declaration of independence or declaration of statehood is an assertion by a defined territory that it is independent and constitutes a state.
The Declaration on the Status and Name of the Croatian Literary Language (Deklaracija o nazivu i položaju hrvatskog književnog jezika) was a document brought by Croat scholars in 1967.
Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, commonly referred to as Deloitte, is a UK-incorporated multinational professional services network.
Demetrius Zvonimir (Dmitar Zvonimir,, Demetrius Suinnimir/Zuonimir/Sunimirio, died 20 April 1089) was King of Croatia and Dalmatia from 1075 until his death in 1089.
Demographic transition (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
Dinara is a mountain located on the border of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.
The Dinaric Alps, also commonly Dinarides, are a mountain range in Southern and Southeastern Europe, separating the continental Balkan Peninsula from the Adriatic Sea.
The Dinaric Mountains mixed forests form a terrestrial ecoregion of the Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests Biome in Southeastern Europe, according to both the WWF and Digital Map of European Ecological Regions by the European Environment Agency.
Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus), born Diocles (22 December 244–3 December 311), was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305.
Diocletian's Palace (Dioklecijanova palača) is an ancient palace built for the Roman Emperor Diocletian at the turn of the fourth century AD, that today forms about half the old town of Split, Croatia.
Diplomatic recognition in international law is a unilateral political act with domestic and international legal consequences, whereby a state acknowledges an act or status of another state or government in control of a state (may be also a recognized state).
The disability rights movement is a global social movement to secure equal opportunities and equal rights for all people with disabilities.
The discus throw is a track and field event in which an athlete throws a heavy disc—called a discus—in an attempt to mark a farther distance than their competitors.
The discus throw at the Summer Olympics is one of four track and field throwing events held at the multi-sport event.
A Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions.
Dolomite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite.
The Drava or Drave by Jürgen Utrata (2014).
Dušan Vukotić (7 February 1927 – 8 July 1998) was a Yugoslav and Croatian cartoonist, author and director of animated films of Montenegrin descent.
Dubrovnik (historically Ragusa) is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea.
Dubrovnik Airport, also referred to as Čilipi Airport, is the international airport of Dubrovnik, Croatia.
Dubrovnik International University (DIU) (DIU Libertas, or DIU Libertas International University) is a private university established in 2008 under the auspices of the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations and in conjunction with both Croatian and American institutions.
The Dubrovnik–Neretva County (Dubrovačko-neretvanska županija) is the southernmost Croatian county, located in south Dalmatia.
A duchy is a country, territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess.
"Duchy of Croatia" (also "Duchy of the Croats", Kneževina Hrvata; "Dalmatian Croatia", Dalmatinska Hrvatska; "Littoral Croatia", Primorska Hrvatska; Greek: Χρωβατία, Chrovatía), was a medieval Croatian duchy that was established in the former Roman province of Dalmatia.
Duchy of Pannonian Croatia (Kneževina Panonska Hrvatska) was a medieval duchy from the 7th to the 10th century located in the Pannonian Plain approximately between the rivers Drava and Sava in today's Croatia, but at times also considerably to the south of the Sava.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
The economy of Croatia is a service-based economy with the tertiary sector accounting for 70% of total gross domestic product (GDP).
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
Education in Croatia is a right defended by Article 66 of the Constitution which states that everyone is entitled to free compulsory education under equal conditions and in accordance with their aptitudes.
Edward Gibbon FRS (8 May 173716 January 1794) was an English historian, writer and Member of Parliament.
Einhard (also Eginhard or Einhart; Einhardus; 775 – March 14, 840 AD) was a Frankish scholar and courtier.
The election in Cetin (Cetinski sabor, meaning Parliament on Cetin or Parliament of Cetin) was an assembly of the Croatian Parliament in the Cetin Castle in 1527.
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Epidaurus (Επίδαυρος, Epidaurum) or Epidauros was an ancient Greek colony founded sometime in the 6th century BC, renamed to Epidaurum during Roman rule in 228 BC, when it was part of the province of Illyricum, later Dalmatia.
Epigraphy (ἐπιγραφή, "inscription") is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.
The Erdut Agreement (Erdutski sporazum, Serbian: Erdutski sporazum or Ердутски споразум), officially the Basic Agreement on the Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium, was an agreement reached on 12 November 1995 between the authorities of the Republic of Croatia and the local Serb authorities of the Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia region on the peaceful resolution to the Croatian War of Independence in eastern Croatia.
Ethnogenesis (from Greek ethnos ἔθνος, "group of people, nation", and genesis γένεσις, "beginning, coming into being"; plural ethnogeneses) is "the formation and development of an ethnic group." This can originate through a process of self-identification as well as come about as the result of outside identification.
An ethnonym (from the ἔθνος, éthnos, "nation" and ὄνομα, ónoma, "name") is a name applied to a given ethnic group.
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is an international financial institution founded in 1991.
A European Championship is a top level international sports competition between European athletes or sports teams representing their respective countries or professional sports clubs.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The European migrant crisis, or the European refugee crisis, is a term given to a period beginning in 2015 when rising numbers of people arrived in the European Union (EU), travelling across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
Fausto Veranzio (Faustus Verantius; italics; Hungarian and Vernacular Latin: Verancsics Faustus)Andrew L. Simon, László Sipka: Innovators and Innovations (circa 1551 – January 17, 1617) was a polymath and bishop from Šibenik, then part of the Venetian Republic and today part of Croatia.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
A feeder line is a peripheral route or branch in a network, which connects smaller or more remote nodes with a route or branch carrying heavier traffic.
Ferdinand I (Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2003 were held in St. Moritz, Switzerland, at Piz Nair from February 2-16, 2003.
The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2005 were held in Bormio, Italy, between January 28 and February 13, 2005.
The Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) is a non-governmental, non-profit organisation promoting sustainable development through environmental education.
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.
Franciscus Patricius (Italian: Francesco Patrizi, Croatian: Franjo Petriš or Frane Petrić; 25 April 1529 – 6 February 1597) was a philosopher and scientist from the Republic of Venice of Croatian descent.
Franjo Hanaman (June 30, 1878 in Drenovci, Slavonia, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary – January 23, 1941 in Zagreb, Kingdom of Yugoslavia - Croatia today) was a Croatian inventor, engineer, and chemist, who gained world recognition for inventing the world's first applied electric light-bulb with a metal filament (tungsten) with his assistant Alexander Just, independently of his contemporaries.
Franjo Tuđman, also written as Franjo Tudjman (14 May 1922 – 10 December 1999) was a Croatian politician and historian.
The Frankopan family (Frankopani, Frankapani; Frangipani, Frangepán. Frangepanus/Francopanus), was a Croatian noble family, whose members were among the great landowner magnates and high officers of the Kingdom of Hungary–Croatia.
Freedom House is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) U.S. government-funded non-governmental organization (NGO) that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom, and human rights.
Freedom of information is an extension of freedom of speech, a fundamental human right recognized in international law, which is today understood more generally as freedom of expression in any medium, be it orally, in writing, print, through the Internet or through art forms.
Freedom of religion is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance without government influence or intervention.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Gale is an educational publishing company based in Farmington Hills, Michigan, in the western suburbs of Detroit.
Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia is a joint body organized within the Ministry of Defence.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) is a nonpartisan American public policy think tank and grantmaking institution dedicated to promoting cooperation and understanding between North America and Europe.
German-occupied Europe refers to the sovereign countries of Europe which were occupied by the military forces of Nazi Germany at various times between 1939 and 1945 and administered by the Nazi regime.
Germanisation (also spelled Germanization) is the spread of the German language, people and culture or policies which introduced these changes.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Giorgio da Sebenico (Juraj Dalmatinac; c. 1410 – 10 October 1473) was a Venetian sculptor and architect from Venetian Dalmatia, who worked mainly in Sebenico (now Šibenik, Croatia), and in the city of Ancona, then a maritime republic.
Giovanni (Ivan) Biagio Luppis von Rammer (27 August 1813 – 11 January 1875), sometimes also known by the Croatian name of Vukić, was an officer of the Austro-Hungarian Navy who developed the first prototypes of the self-propelled torpedo.
The Glagolitic script (Ⰳⰾⰰⰳⱁⰾⰹⱌⰰ Glagolitsa) is the oldest known Slavic alphabet.
The Golan Heights (هضبة الجولان or مرتفعات الجولان, רמת הגולן), or simply the Golan, is a region in the Levant, spanning about.
Gordan Jandroković (born 2 August 1967) is a Croatian politician and diplomat who is the 12th Speaker of the Croatian Parliament since independence, and the 22nd Speaker overall, in office since 5 May 2017.
Gorski Kotar (Gorski kotar,; 'Highlands' or 'Mountain District') is the mountainous region in Croatia between Karlovac and Rijeka.
Gospić is a town and municipality in the mountainous and sparsely populated region of Lika, Croatia.
Gothic is an extinct East Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths.
The Government of Croatia (Vlada Hrvatske), formally the Government of the Republic of Croatia (Vlada Republike Hrvatske), commonly abbreviated to Croatian Government (Hrvatska Vlada), is the main executive branch of government in Croatia.
The Great Migrations of the Serbs (Velike seobe Srba/Велике сеобе Срба), also known as the Great Exodus of the Serbs, refers mainly to two large migrations of Serbs from the Ottoman Empire to the Habsburg Monarchy.
The Great Turkish War (Der Große Türkenkrieg) or the War of the Holy League (Kutsal İttifak Savaşları) was a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League consisting of the Habsburg Empire, Poland-Lithuania, Venice and Russia.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Grove Press is an American publishing imprint that was founded in 1947.
The growing season is the part of the year during which local weather conditions (i.e. rainfall and temperature) permit normal plant growth.
A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.
The Habsburg Monarchy (Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918.
The Hallstatt culture was the predominant Western and Central European culture of Early Iron Age Europe from the 8th to 6th centuries BC, developing out of the Urnfield culture of the 12th century BC (Late Bronze Age) and followed in much of its area by the La Tène culture.
Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
Hanza Media (till July 1, 2016: Europapress Holding, or EPH) is the leading media company in Croatia and Southeast Europe, with 5 daily newspapers and more than 30 magazines.
Sir Harold George Nicolson (21 November 1886 – 1 May 1968) was a British diplomat, author, diarist and politician.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Croatia has a universal health care system, whose roots can be traced back to the Hungarian-Croatian Parliament Act of 1891, providing a form of mandatory insurance of all factory workers and craftsmen.
Helen of Hungary, also known as Helen the Fair (Jelena Lijepa; Ilona) (d. 1091), was a queen consort of Croatia.
Highways in Croatia are the main transport network in Croatia.
The Mediterranean Sea was the central superhighway of transport, trade and cultural exchange between diverse peoples encompassing three continents: Western Asia, North Africa, and Southern Europe.
Homogeneity and heterogeneity are concepts often used in the sciences and statistics relating to the uniformity in a substance or organism.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
Hrvatska elektroprivreda (HEP Group) is a national power company in Croatia which has been engaged in electricity production, transmission and distribution for more than one century, and with heat supply and gas distribution for the past few decades.
Hrvatska revija (Croatian Review or HR) is a Croatian quarterly published by Matica hrvatska (MH) based in Zagreb.
Hrvatske ceste (lit. Croatian roads) is a Croatian state-owned company pursuant to provisions of the Croatian Public Roads Act (Zakon o javnim cestama enacted by the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia. Tasks of the company are defined by Public Roads Act and its Founding Declaration, and the principal task of the company is management, construction and maintenance of public roads. In practice, Hrvatske ceste are responsible for the State roads in Croatia (designated with D), the county (Ž) and local (L) roads are managed by county authorities, while the motorways (A) are managed by Hrvatske autoceste and other concessionaires. The company is currently administered by a three-person managing board consisting of Jakov Krešić (chairman) and five-member supervisory board. The company was first established on April 6, 2001, under the law promulgated on April 5, 2001, with the share capital of the company worth 128,898,200.00 Croatian kuna. Hrvatske ceste are organized in six business sectors: Studies and design, Construction, Maintenance, Procurement, Financial and business operations and Legal, personnel and general sectors. All profits generated by Hrvatske ceste are used for construction and maintenance of the roads the company manages.
Hrvatski Telekom is the leading provider of telecommunications services in Croatia, serving 924,000 fixed lines, 2.2 million mobile subscribers and 618,000 broadband connections through its Residential and Business divisions.
Hrvatsko zagorje is a region north of Zagreb, Croatia.
HS Produkt d.o.o. is a Croatian firearms manufacturing company, best known for design and production of the HS2000 and XDm, a semi-automatic pistol sold in the US market as the Springfield Armory XD.
The HS2000 (Hrvatski Samokres (Croatian Pistol)), or XD (X-treme Duty) are a series of semi-automatic pistol that are polymer-framed and striker-fired.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
The Hundred Years' Croatian–Ottoman War (Stogodišnji hrvatsko-turski rat, Kratka politicka i kulturna povijest Hrvatske Stogodišnji rat protiv Turaka, Stogodišnji rat s Osmanlijama) is the name for a sequence of conflicts, mostly of relatively low-intensity, ("Small War", Croatian: Mali rat) between the Ottoman Empire and the medieval Kingdom of Croatia (ruled by the Jagiellon and Zápolya dynasties), and the later Habsburg Kingdom of Croatia.
Hungarian or Magyar cuisine is the cuisine characteristic of the nation of Hungary and its primary ethnic group, the Magyars.
Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine, central and western Romania (Transylvania and Partium), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia due to the effects of the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in many ethnic Hungarians being displaced from their homes and communities in the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America (particularly the United States). Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family branch, its closest relatives being Mansi and Khanty.
The Hungarian Revolution of 1848 ("1848–49 Revolution and War") was one of the many European Revolutions of 1848 and closely linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas.
Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Hvar (local Chakavian dialect: Hvor or For, Pharos, Φάρος, Pharia, Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast, lying between the islands of Brač, Vis and Korčula.
The Illyrian deciduous forests form a terrestrial ecoregion of Europe according to both the WWF and Digital Map of European Ecological Regions by the European Environment Agency.
The Illyrian movement (Ilirski pokret, Ilirsko gibanje) was a pan-South-Slavist cultural and political campaign with roots in the early modern period, and revived by a group of young Croatian intellectuals during the first half of the 19th century, around the years of 1835–1849 (there is some disagreement regarding the official dates).
The Illyrian Provinces was an autonomous province of France during the First French Empire that existed under Napoleonic Rule from 1809 to 1814.
The Illyrians (Ἰλλυριοί, Illyrioi; Illyrii or Illyri) were a group of Indo-European tribes in antiquity, who inhabited part of the western Balkans.
INA-Industrija nafte, d.d. (INA, d.d.) is a Croatian multinational oil company.
The independence of Croatia was a process started with the changes in the political system and the constitutional changes in 1990 that transformed the Socialist Republic of Croatia into the Republic of Croatia, which in turn proclaimed the Christmas Constitution, and held the Croatian independence referendum, 1991.
The Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH; Unabhängiger Staat Kroatien; Stato Indipendente di Croazia) was a World War II fascist puppet state of Germany and Italy.
This page list topics related to Croatia.
Index.hr is a Croatian news website, launched in December 2002 and based in Zagreb.
Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.
The Indo-Aryan or Indic languages are the dominant language family of the Indian subcontinent.
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
The Institute of Croatian Language and Linguistics (Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje) is an official institute in Croatia whose purpose is to preserve and foster the Croatian language.
An institute of technology (also: university of technology, polytechnic university, technikon, and technical university) is a type of university which specializes in engineering, technology, applied science, and sometimes natural sciences.
An intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is a practice, representation, expression, knowledge, or skill, as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts, and cultural spaces that are considered by UNESCO to be part of a place's cultural heritage.
The Interliber - International Book and Teaching Appliances Fair (Interliber - Međunarodni sajam knjiga i učila) is the largest Croatian trade fair for books and teaching appliances.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991, more commonly referred to as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), was a body of the United Nations established to prosecute serious crimes committed during the Yugoslav Wars, and to try their perpetrators.
The international E-road network is a numbering system for roads in Europe developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.
The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan, established by the United Nations Security Council in December 2001 by Resolution 1386, as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement.
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
The invasion of Yugoslavia, also known as the April War or Operation 25, was a German-led attack on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers which began on 6 April 1941 during World War II.
Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corruption, or corporate wrongdoing.
Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family.
The Iranian peoples, or Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of the Iranian languages.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Irreligion in Croatia refers in its narrowest sense to agnosticism, atheism, secular humanism, and general secularism of at least 300.000 non-religious Croatian citizens.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islam is the second-largest faith in Croatia after Christianity.
Istria (Croatian, Slovene: Istra; Istriot: Eîstria; Istria; Istrien), formerly Histria (Latin), is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea.
Istria County (Istarska županija; Regione istriana, "Istrian Region") is the westernmost county of Croatia which includes the biggest part of the Istrian peninsula (out of, or 89%).
Italian cuisine is food typical from Italy.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
The Italian language is a minority language in Croatia, spoken by 0.43% of the total Croatian population.
Ivan Đikić (born 28 May 1966 in Zagreb, Yugoslavia) is a Croatian-German molecular biologist who is the Director of the Institute of Biochemistry II at Goethe University Frankfurt.
Ivan Franov Gundulić (also Gianfrancesco Gondola; 8 January 1589 – 8 December 1638; Nickname: Mačica), better known today as Ivan Gundulić, was the most prominent Croatian Baroque poet from the Republic of Ragusa.
Ivan Mažuranić (11 August 1814 – 4 August 1890) was a Croatian poet, linguist, lawyer and politician who is considered to be one of the most important figures in Croatia's political and cultural life in the mid-19th century.
Ivan Meštrović (Vrpolje, 15 August 1883 - South Bend, 16 January 1962) was a renowned Croatian sculptor, architect and writer of the 20th century.
(photo circa 2003) --> Ivan Supek (8 April 1915 – 5 March 2007) was a Croatian physicist, philosopher, writer, playwright, peace activist and humanist.
Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić (18 April 1874 – 21 September 1938) was a Croatian writer.
Ivo Andrić (Иво Андрић,; born Ivan Andrić; 9 October 1892 – 13 March 1975) was a Yugoslav novelist, poet and short story writer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1961.
Ivo Goldstein (born 16 March 1958) is a Croatian historian, author and ambassador.
John Bagnell Bury, (16 October 1861 – 1 June 1927) was an Irish historian, classical scholar, Medieval Roman historian and philologist.
Jadranski naftovod (JANAF) is a crude oil transportation company in Croatia.
The Jasenovac concentration camp (Logor Jasenovac/Логор Јасеновац,; יאסענאוואץ) was an extermination camp established in Slavonia by the authorities of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) during World War II.
The javelin throw at the Summer Olympics is one of four track and field throwing events held at the multi-sport event.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
John R. Lampe is a professor of history at the University of Maryland.
Josip Broz (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз,; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (Cyrillic: Тито), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
Josip Franjo Domin (German: Joseph Franz Domin, Hungarian: József Ferenc Domin, 28 January 1754 – 19 January 1819) was a Croatian-Hungarian physicist, priest, physician and a pioneer of electrotherapy.
Count Josip Jelačić von Bužim (16 October 180120 May 1859; also spelled Jellachich, Jellačić or Jellasics; in Croatian: Josip grof Jelačić Bužimski) was the Ban of Croatia between 23 March 1848 and 19 May 1859.
Josip Juraj Strossmayer (alt. Josip Juraj Štrosmajer) (Joseph Georg Strossmayer; 4 February 1815 – 8 May 1905) was a Croatian politician, Roman Catholic bishop and benefactor.
Julius NeposMartindale 1980, s.v. Iulius Nepos (3), pp.
The Juraj Dobrila University of Pula (Sveučilište Jurja Dobrile u Puli, Universitas studiorum Polensis Georgii Dobrila) is a university in Pula, Croatia.
Jutarnji list is a Croatian daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in Zagreb since April, 6, 1998, by EPH (Europapress holding, owned by Ninoslav Pavić) which eventually changed name in Hanza Media, when bought by Marijan Hanžeković.
Kajkavian (Kajkavian noun: kajkavščina; Shtokavian adjective: kajkavski, noun: kajkavica or kajkavština) is a South Slavic regiolect or language spoken primarily by Croats in much of Central Croatia, Gorski Kotar and northern Istria.
Karlovac (is a city and municipality in central Croatia. According to the National census held in 2011 population of the settlement of Karlovac was 55,705. Karlovac is the administrative centre of Karlovac County. The city is located on the Zagreb-Rijeka highway and railway line, south-west of Zagreb and from Rijeka.
Karlovac County (Karlovačka županija) is a county in central Croatia, with the administrative center in Karlovac.
Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Kingdom of Croatia (Regnum Croatiae; Kraljevina Hrvatska, Hrvatsko Kraljevstvo) was a medieval kingdom in Central Europe comprising most of what is today Croatia (without western Istria and some Dalmatian coastal cities), as well as most of the modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Kingdom of Croatia (Croatian: Kraljevina Hrvatska; Regnum Croatiae Horvát Királyság Königreich Kroatien) was part of the Habsburg Monarchy that existed between 1527 and 1868 (also known between 1804 and 1867 as the Austrian Empire), as well as a part of the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen, but was subject to direct Imperial Austrian rule for significant periods of time, including its final years.
The Kingdom of Dalmatia (Kraljevina Dalmacija; Königreich Dalmatien; Regno di Dalmazia) was a crown land of the Austrian Empire (1815–1867) and the Cisleithanian half of Austria-Hungary (1867–1918).
The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century (1000–1946 with the exception of 1918–1920).
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
The Kingdom of Serbia (Краљевина Србија / Kraljevina Srbija), often rendered as Servia in English sources during the time of its existence, was created when Milan I, ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was proclaimed king in 1882.
The Kingdom of Slavonia (Kraljevina Slavonija; Königreich Slawonien; Regnum Sclavoniae; Szlavón Királyság) was a province of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Austrian Empire that existed from 1699 to 1868.
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.
is an integrated beverages company.
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović ((born 29 April 1968) is a Croatian politician and diplomat who has been the President of Croatia since 2015. She is the first woman to be elected president after the first multi-party elections in 1990. At 46 years of age, she became the youngest person to enter the office. Before her election as president, Grabar-Kitarović held a number of governmental and diplomatic positions. She was Minister of European Affairs from 2003 to 2005, the first female Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration from 2005 to 2008 in both the first and second cabinets of Ivo Sanader, Croatian Ambassador to the United States from 2008 to 2011 and Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy at NATO under Secretaries-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen and Jens Stoltenberg from 2011 to 2014. Grabar-Kitarović contested the presidential election held in December 2014 and January 2015 as the only female candidate (out of four in total), finishing as the runner-up in the first round and thereafter proceeding to narrowly defeat incumbent President Ivo Josipović in the second round. Her strong performance in the first round was widely viewed as unexpected, as most opinion polls had given incumbent president Josipović a strong lead and some even showed it was possible that he would win outright by acquiring more than 50% of the vote. In the second round, Grabar-Kitarović defeated Josipović by the closest percentage margin of any presidential election to date (1.48%) and received the smallest number of votes of any elected president in Croatia (1.114 million votes). Furthermore, as Croatia had previously also had a female Prime Minister, Jadranka Kosor, from 2009 until 2011, Grabar-Kitarović's election as president also included the country into a small group of parliamentary republics which have had both a female head of state and head of government. Grabar-Kitarović was a member of the conservative Croatian Democratic Union party from 1993 to 2015 and was also one of three Croatian members of the Trilateral Commission, but she was required to resign both positions upon taking office as president in 2015, as Croatian Presidents are not permitted to hold other political positions or party membership while in office. In 2017, Forbes magazine listed Grabar-Kitarović as the world's 39th most powerful woman.
Kolo is a Croatian literary magazine published by Matica hrvatska.
Konzum d.d. is Croatia's largest supermarket chain, with just over 700 stores open in Croatia and more than 12,000 employees.
Koprivnica is a city in northern Croatia.
Koprivnica-Križevci County (Koprivničko-križevačka županija) is a county in northern Croatia.
Korčula (is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea. It has an area of; long and on average wide — and lies just off the Dalmatian coast. Its 15,522 inhabitants (2011) make it the second most populous Adriatic island after Krk and the most populous Croatian island not connected to the mainland by a bridge. The population are almost entirely ethnic Croats (95.74%). The island is twinned with Rothesay in Scotland.
The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international peacekeeping force which was responsible for establishing a secure environment in Kosovo.
Krapina is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 (2011) and a total municipality population of 12,480 (2011).
Krapina-Zagorje County (Krapinsko-zagorska županija) is a county in northern Croatia, bordering Slovenia.
The Krško Nuclear Power Plant (Jedrska elektrarna Krško, JEK, or Nuklearna elektrarna Krško, NEK, Nuklearna elektrana Krško) is located in Vrbina in the Municipality of Krško, Slovenia.
Krk (Vegl; Curicta; Veglia; Vegliot Dalmatian: Vikla; Ancient Greek Kyrikon, Κύρικον) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea, located near Rijeka in the Bay of Kvarner and part of Primorje-Gorski Kotar county.
Krka is a river in Croatia's Dalmatia region, known for its numerous waterfalls.
The Kupa (Croatian and Serbian pronunciation) or Kolpa (or; from Colapis in Roman times) river, a right tributary of the Sava, forms a natural border between north-west Croatia and southeast Slovenia.
The La Tène culture was a European Iron Age culture named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchâtel in Switzerland, where thousands of objects had been deposited in the lake, as was discovered after the water level dropped in 1857.
Ladislaus I or Ladislas I, also Saint Ladislaus or Saint Ladislas (I or Szent László; Ladislav I.; Svätý Ladislav I; Władysław I Święty; 1040 – 29 July 1095) was King of Hungary from 1077 and King of Croatia from 1091.
The official name "Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen" ("a Szent Korona Országai") denominated the Hungarian territories of Austria-Hungary during the totality of the existence of the latter (30 March 1867 – 16 November 1918).
The languages of the European Union are languages used by people within the member states of the European Union (EU).
Lastovo (Lagosta, Augusta, Augusta Insula, Ladestanos, Illyrian: Ladest) is an island municipality in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County in Croatia.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
League of Communists of Croatia (Savez komunista Hrvatske or SKH) was the Croatian branch of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ).
A learned society (also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organisation that exists to promote an academic discipline, profession, or a group of related disciplines such as the arts.
A legislative chamber or house is a deliberative assembly within a legislature which generally meets and votes separately from the legislature's other chambers.
Leopold Ružička (13 September 1887 – 26 September 1976) was a Croatian-Swiss scientist and joint winner of the 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry who worked most of his life in Switzerland.
A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
The Liburnians (or Liburni) were an ancient Illyrian tribe inhabiting the district called Liburnia, a coastal region of the northeastern Adriatic between the rivers Arsia (Raša) and Titius (Krka) in what is now Croatia.
"Lijepa naša domovino" is the national anthem of Croatia.
Lika is a traditional region of Croatia proper, roughly bound by the Velebit mountain from the southwest and the Plješevica mountain from the northeast.
Lika-Senj County (Ličko-senjska županija) is a county in Croatia that includes most of the Lika region and some northern coastline of the Adriatic near the town of Senj, including the northern part of the Pag island.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
The table below lists domestic professional sports leagues from around the world by total attendances for the last completed season for which data is available.
This list of caves in Croatia includes 49 which are deeper than, 14 deeper than and three deeper than.
An urbanized area in Croatia can gain the status of grad (which can be translated as town or city as there is no distinction between the two terms in Croatian) if it meets one of the following requirements.
Croatia is a sovereign state between Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories ranked by population density, measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer.
This is a list of all the countries by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report.
This is a collection of lists of countries by average life expectancy at birth.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Croatia, excluding honorary consulates.
In the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea, there are 718 islands, 389 islets and 78 reefs, making the Croatian archipelago the largest in the Adriatic Sea and the second largest in the Mediterranean Sea, the Greek archipelago being the largest.
This is a list of islands of Croatia.
The following is the list of railways in Croatia as defined by the Government of Croatia in 2006.
This is a list of all sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate (TFR): the expected number of children born per woman in her child-bearing years.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.
In human reproduction, a live birth occurs when a fetus, whatever its gestational age, exits the maternal body and subsequently shows any sign of life, such as voluntary movement, heartbeat, or pulsation of the umbilical cord, for however brief a time and regardless of whether the umbilical cord or placenta are intact.
Ljudevit or Liudewit (Liudewitus, often also Ljudevit Posavski), was the Duke of Lower Pannonia from 810 to 823.
Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is a low level administrative division of a country, ranked below a province, region, or state.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Louis II (Ludvík, Ludovik, Lajos, 1 July 1506 – 29 August 1526) was King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia from 1516 to 1526.
Lower Pannonia (Pannonia inferior) was an entity located in the southwestern parts of the former Roman province of Pannonia, held by Slavic rulers between the fall of the Avar Khaganate starting in the 790s, and the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin in the 890s.
Lujo Margetić (18 October 1920 – 17 May 2010) was a Croatian legal historian.
The Croatian M-84D main battle tank is an upgraded variant of the existing M-84 tank design, originally developed in Yugoslavia, with improvements to engine, armor, armament and electronics.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.
Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an intergovernmental scientific programme, launched in 1971 by UNESCO, that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments.
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (Maria Theresia; 13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg.
Marija Bistrica is a village and municipality in the Krapina-Zagorje County in central Croatia, located on the slopes of the Medvednica mountain in the Hrvatsko Zagorje region north of the capital Zagreb.
Marija Jurić, pen-name Zagorka (March 2, 1873 – November 30, 1957) was a Croatian journalist and writer.
Marin Držić (also Marino Darza or Marino Darsa; 1508 – 2 May 1567) is considered the finest Dubrovnikan Renaissance playwright and prose writer.
Marin Soljačić (born February 7, 1974) is a Croatian-American physicist and electrical engineer known for wireless non-radiative energy transfer.
Marino Ghetaldi (Marinus Ghetaldus; Marin Getaldić; 2 October 1568 – 11 April 1626) was a Ragusan scientist.
A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.
Marko Marulić (Marco Marulo; 18 August 1450 – 5 January 1524) was a Croatian national poet and Renaissance humanist, known as the Crown of the Croatian Medieval Age and the father of the Croatian Renaissance.
Matica hrvatska (Matrix Croatica) is the oldest independent, non-profit and non-governmental Croatian national institution.
Matt Prodger is a former BBC News Correspondent who has appeared on all the broadcaster's television and radio outlets.
Matura or its translated terms (Mature, Matur, Maturita, Maturità, Maturität, Maturité, Mатура) is a Latin name for the secondary school exit exam or "maturity diploma" in various countries, including Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland and Ukraine.
Međimurje County (Međimurska županija) is a triangle-shaped county in the northernmost part of Croatia, roughly corresponding to the historical and geographical region of Međimurje.
The media of Croatia refers to mass media outlets based in Croatia.
Medieval Latin was the form of Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange, as the liturgical language of Chalcedonian Christianity and the Roman Catholic Church, and as a language of science, literature, law, and administration.
In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
Mediterranean cuisine is the foods and methods of preparation by people of the Mediterranean Basin region.
The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Migration Period was a period during the decline of the Roman Empire around the 4th to 6th centuries AD in which there were widespread migrations of peoples within or into Europe, mostly into Roman territory, notably the Germanic tribes and the Huns.
The Ministry of Culture (Ministarstvo kulture) is a ministry of the Croatian government in charge of preserving the country's natural and cultural heritage and overseeing its development.
The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Croatia (Ministarstvo obrane Republike Hrvatske or MORH) is the ministry in the Government of Croatia which is in charge of the nation's military.
The Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Republic of Croatia (Ministarstvo vanjskih i europskih poslova or MVEP) is the ministry in the Government of Croatia which is responsible for the country's foreign relations, its diplomatic missions and relations to international organisations, especially the European Union.
The Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure of the Republic of Croatia (Ministarstvo pomorstva, prometa i infrastrukture Republike Hrvatske, MPPI RH) is a ministry in the Government of Croatia.
The Ministry of Science and Education of the Croatia (Ministarstvo znanosti i obrazovanja or MZO) is the ministry in the Government of Croatia which is in charge of primary, secondary and tertiary education, research institutions and sports.
The Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Croatia (Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova Republike Hrvatske (MUP RH)) is the ministry in the Government of Croatia which is in charge of state security among other roles.
The Constitution of Croatia in its preamble defines Croatia as a nation state of ethnic Croats, a country of traditionally present communities that the constitution recognizes as national minorities and a country of all its citizens.
Miroslav Šeparović (born 18 July 1958) is a Croatian lawyer who serves as the 5th President of the Constitutional Court of Croatia since 13 June 2016, had previously served as a 5th Minister of Justice in the Cabinet of Zlatko Mateša from 1995 to 1998.
Miroslav Krleža (7 July 1893 – 29 December 1981) was a leading Croatian writer and a prominent figure in cultural life of both Yugoslav states, the Kingdom (1918–1941) and the Socialist Republic (1945 until his death in 1981).
The Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography (Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža or LZMK) is Croatia's national lexicographical institution.
Miroslav Radman (born April 30, 1944) is a prominent Croatian-French biologist.
Mislav (Muisclavo) was the Duke of Croatia in.
Mitteleuropa, meaning Middle Europe, is one of the German terms for Central Europe.
The Modern Library is an American publishing company.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
A mountain resort is a place to holiday or vacation located in a mountainous area.
A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.
Municipalities in Croatia (općina; plural: općine) are the second lowest administrative unit of government in the country, and along with cities and towns (grad, plural: gradovi) they form the second level of administrative subdisivion, after counties.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
N1 is a 24-hour cable news channel launched on 30 October 2014.
Nacional is a Croatian weekly news magazine published in Zagreb.
The name of Croatia (Hrvatska) derives from Medieval Latin Croātia, itself a derivation of the native ethnonym, earlier Xъrvatъ and modern-day Hrvat.
Narodne novine (The People's Newspaper) is the official gazette (or newspaper of public record) of the Republic of Croatia which publishes laws, regulations, appointments and official decisions and releases them in the public domain.
National Liberation Movement in Croatia (Narodnooslobodilački pokret u Hrvatskoj; NOP) was part of the anti-fascist National Liberational Movement in the Axis-occupied Yugoslavia which was the most effective anti-Nazi resistance movementJeffreys-Jones, R. (2013): In Spies We Trust: The Story of Western Intelligence, Oxford University Press,, Adams, Simon (2005): The Balkans, Black Rabbit Books,, led by Yugoslav revolutionary communists during the Second World War.
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Natura 2000 is a network of nature protection areas in the territory of the European Union.
The Natural and Cultural Heritage of Croatia (Prirodna i kulturna baština Republike Hrvatske) comprises sites, monuments, goods and species of particular importance to the Republic of Croatia which are protected by national law.
A Nature Park or Natural Park is a designation for a protected landscape by means of long-term planning, sustainable use and agriculture.
Naturism, or nudism, is a cultural and political movement practising, advocating, and defending personal and social nudity, most but not all of which takes place on private property.
Nautical tourism is tourism that combines sailing and boating with vacation and holiday activities.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Neanderthals (also; also Neanderthal Man, taxonomically Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo, who lived in Eurasia during at least 430,000 to 38,000 years ago.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Neum (Неум) is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A news agency is an organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations, such as newspapers, magazines and radio and television broadcasters.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
Niccolò di Giovanni Fiorentino (Croatian: Nikola Firentinac) called Nicolas of Florence (Bagno a Ripoli, 1418 - Šibenik, 1506), was an Italian Renaissance sculptor and architect, active in Venice and Dalmatia.
Nikola Nalješković (around 1500, Dubrovnik - 1587, Dubrovnik) was a Croatian poet, playwright and scholar.
Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.
Nicolò Vito di Gozzi (Nicolai Viti Gozzii, 1549–1610) or Nikola Gučetić (in hr) was a Ragusan statesman, philosopher, science writer and author of one of the first scientific dissertations regarding speleology.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS; French: Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of countries for statistical purposes.
Nova Science Publishers is an academic publisher of books, encyclopedias, handbooks, e-books and journals, based in Hauppauge, New York.
Nova TV is a Croatian commercial television network launched in November 2000.
Novi list is the oldest Croatian daily newspaper published in Rijeka.
Croatia (HR) is included in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) of the European Union.
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations.
An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Odašiljači i veze d.o.o. (OiV) is a Croatian limited liability company (društvo s ograničenom odgovornošću), digital television and WiMAX operator born from the separation from Croatian Radiotelevision in 2001.
Ogulin is a town in north-western Croatia, in Karlovac County.
The Old Church Slavonic Institute (Staroslavenski institut) is Croatian public institute founded in 1952 by the state for the purpose of scientific research on the language, literature and paleography of the mediaeval literary heritage of the Croatian vernacular and the Croatian recension of Church Slavonic.
Old Persian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages (the other being Avestan).
The olm or proteus (Proteus anguinus) is an aquatic salamander in the family Proteidae, the only exclusively cave-dwelling chordate species found in Europe.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
An Olympic medal is awarded to successful competitors at one of the Olympic Games.
Weightlifting, also called '''Olympic-style weightlifting''', or Olympic weightlifting, is an athletic discipline in the modern Olympic programme in which the athlete attempts a maximum-weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates.
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
Opatija (Abbazia, German: Sankt Jakobi) is a town in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County in western Croatia.
Operation Storm (Operacija Oluja, Операција Олуја) was the last major battle of the Croatian War of Independence and a major factor in the outcome of the Bosnian War.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization.
Osijek is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 108,048 in 2011.
Osijek Airport is the international airport of Osijek, Croatia.
Osijek-Baranja County (Osječko-baranjska županija) is a county in Croatia, located in northeastern Slavonia and Baranja.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Seventh Ottoman–Venetian War was fought between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire between 1714 and 1718.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Croatia: Croatia – unitary democratic parliamentary republic in Europe at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean.
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
Palgrave Macmillan is an international academic and trade publishing company.
The ten Pan-European transport corridors were defined at the second Pan-European transport Conference in Crete, March 1994, as routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the next ten to fifteen years.
The Pannonian Avars (also known as the Obri in chronicles of Rus, the Abaroi or Varchonitai at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine (Varchonites) or Pseudo-Avars in Byzantine sources) were a group of Eurasian nomads of unknown origin: "...
The Pannonian Basin, or Carpathian Basin, is a large basin in Central Europe.
The Parliament of Yugoslavia was the deliberative body of Yugoslavia.
A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
The Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in Europe and the former Soviet Union; 21 states are members.
Paul Lauren Montgomery (May 25, 1936 – October 16, 2008) was a longtime reporter for The New York Times who wrote about local and international affairs for the newspaper.
Pazin (Pisino, Mitterburg) is a city in western Croatia, the administrative seat of Istria County.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
Peter Krešimir IV, called the Great (Petar Krešimir IV., Petrus Cresimir) (died 1075), was King of Croatia and Dalmatia from 1059 to his death in 1074/5.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
Phytogeography (from Greek φυτό, phyto.
Plinacro is a natural gas transmission system operator in Croatia.
Plitvice Lakes National Park (Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera, colloquial Plitvice) is one of the oldest and the largest national parks in Croatia.
Požega is a city in western Slavonia, eastern Croatia, with a total population of 26,248 (census 2011).
Požega-Slavonia County (Požeško-slavonska županija) is a Croatian county in western Slavonia.
A political faction is a group of individuals within a larger entity, such as a political party, a trade union or other group, or simply a political climate, united by a particular common political purpose that differs in some respect to the rest of the entity.
Pope John VIII (Ioannes VIII; died 16 December 882) was Pope from 14 December 872 to his death in 882.
Pope John X (Ioannes X; d. 28 May 928) was Pope from March 914 to his death in 928.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
The Port of Rijeka (Luka Rijeka) is a seaport in Rijeka, Croatia, located on the shore of the Kvarner Gulf in the Adriatic Sea.
The Port of Split (Luka Split) is a port in the central Dalmatian city of Split, Croatia.
Poslovni dnevnik (The Business Daily) is a Croatian daily business newspaper published in Zagreb.
A pragmatic sanction is a sovereign's solemn decree on a matter of primary importance and has the force of fundamental law.
The Article 7 of the Sabor of 1712, better known as the Pragmatic Sanction of 1712 (Hrvatska pragmatička sankcija), was a decision of the Croatian Parliament (Sabor) to accept that a Habsburg princess could become hereditary Queen of Croatia.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
The President of Croatia (Predsjednik Hrvatske), officially styled the President of the Republic (Predsjednik Republike), is the head of state, commander in-chief of the military and chief representative of the Republic of Croatia both within the country and abroad.
The Press Freedom Index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders based upon the organisation's own assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year.
The Prime Minister of Croatia (Premijer/ Premijerka Hrvatske), officially the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia (Predsjednik/ Predsjednica Vlade Republike Hrvatske), is Croatia's head of government, and is the de facto the most powerful and influential state officeholder in the Croatian system of government.
Primorje-Gorski Kotar County (Primorsko-goranska županija) is a county in western Croatia that includes the Bay of Kvarner, the surrounding Northern Croatian Littoral, and the mountainous region of Gorski kotar.
Private law is that part of a civil law legal system which is part of the jus commune that involves relationships between individuals, such as the law of contracts or torts (as it is called in the common law), and the law of obligations (as it is called in civil legal systems).
Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.
Professionalization is a social process by which any trade or occupation transforms itself into a true "profession of the highest integrity and competence." The definition of what constitutes a profession is often contested.
The main protected areas of Croatia are national parks, nature parks and strict reserves.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Proto-Slavic is the unattested, reconstructed proto-language of all the Slavic languages.
Public Administration is the implementation of government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
Public law is that part of law which governs relationships between individuals and the government, and those relationships between individuals which are of direct concern to society.
Pula or Pola (Italian and Istro-Romanian: Pola; Colonia Pietas Iulia Pola Pollentia Herculanea; Slovene and Chakavian: Pulj, Hungarian: Póla, Polei, Ancient Greek: Πόλαι, Polae) is the largest city in Istria County, Croatia and the eighth largest city in the country, situated at the southern tip of the Istria peninsula, with a population of 57,460 in 2011.
Pula Airport is the international airport serving Pula, Croatia, and is located 6 km from the city center.
The Pula Film Festival (Pulski filmski festival) is the oldest Croatian film festival which is held annually in a Roman amphitheater known as the Pula arena since 1954.
A puppet state is a state that is supposedly independent but is in fact dependent upon an outside power.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
Radovan (Raduan) was Croatian sculptor and architect who lived in Trogir in the 13th century.
Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Croatia recognizes life partnerships for same-sex couples through the Life Partnership Act, making same-sex couples equal to married couples in everything except adoption.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The most widely professed religion in Croatia is Christianity and a large majority of the Croatian population declare themselves to be members of the Catholic Church.
A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity.
The Renaissance in Croatia is a period of cultural enrichment in Croatia that began at the end of the 15th century and lasted until the second quarter of the 16th century.
Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
The Republic of Ragusa was a maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik (Ragusa in Italian, German and Latin; Raguse in French) in Dalmatia (today in southernmost Croatia) that carried that name from 1358 until 1808.
The Republic of Serbian Krajina or Serb Republic of Krajina (Република Српска Крајина / Republika Srpska Krajina or РСК/RSK)), known as Serb Krajina (Српска Крајина / Srpska Krajina) or simply Krajina, was a self-proclaimed Serb proto-state, a territory within the newly independent Croatia (formerly part of Yugoslavia), which it defied, active during the Croatian War (1991–95). It was not recognized internationally. The name Krajina ("Frontier") was adopted from the historical Military Frontier of the Habsburg Monarchy and Austria-Hungary, which had a substantial Serb population and existed up to the late 19th century. The RSK government waged a war for ethnic Serb independence from Croatia and unification with FR Yugoslavia and Republika Srpska (in Bosnia). The RSK was armed and funded by Serbia. The government of Krajina had de facto control over central parts of the territory while control of the outskirts changed with the successes and failures of its military activities. The territory was legally protected by the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR). Its main portion was overrun by Croatian forces in 1995 and the Republic of Serbian Krajina was ultimately disbanded as a result; a rump remained in eastern Slavonia under UNTAES administration until its peaceful reintegration into Croatia in 1998.
The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
Republika Srpska (Република Српскa,; literally "Serb Republic") is one of two constitutional and legal entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Richard Simon Levy (born May 10, 1940) is a professor of Modern German History at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Rijeka (Fiume; Reka; Sankt Veit am Flaum; see other names) is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia (after Zagreb and Split).
Rijeka Airport (Zračna luka Rijeka) is the international airport serving Rijeka, Croatia.
Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", was an exuberantly decorative 18th-century European style which was the final expression of the baroque movement.
Roger Joseph Boscovich (Ruđer Josip Bošković,, Ruggiero Giuseppe Boscovich, Rodericus Iosephus Boscovicus; 18 May 1711 – 13 February 1787) was a Ragusan physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit priest, and a polymath, Fairchild University website.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romanesque art is the art of Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 12th century, or later, depending on region.
The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.
Romantic nationalism (also national romanticism, organic nationalism, identity nationalism) is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of the unity of those it governs.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
RTL Televizija is a Croatian commercial broadcaster with national availability that has been broadcasting since 30 April 2004.
The Ruđer Bošković Institute (RBI; Institut Ruđer Bošković,, IRB) is a research institute located in the Šalata neighborhood of Zagreb, Croatia, founded in 1950, which studies the sciences.
Ruthenian or Old Ruthenian (see other names) was the group of varieties of East Slavic spoken in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later in the East Slavic territories of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Sailing as a sport involves a variety of competitive sailing formats that are sanctioned through various sailing federations and yacht clubs.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
Joseph (translit) is a figure in the Gospels who was married to Mary, Jesus' mother, and, in the Christian tradition, was Jesus's legal father.
The Memorandum of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, known simply as the SANU Memorandum (Меморандум САНУ), was a draft document produced by a 16-member committee of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU) from 1985 to 1986.
The Sava (Сава) is a river in Central and Southeastern Europe, a right tributary of the Danube.
The Schengen Area is an area comprising 26 European states that have officially abolished passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders.
The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.
The Security and Intelligence Agency (Sigurnosno-obavještajna agencija or SOA) is the Croatian security and intelligence service founded in 2006 upon the passing of the Security and Intelligence System of the Republic of Croatia Act and by combining the former Counterintelligence Agency (POA), and the Intelligence Agency (OA) which both ceased to operate.
A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible for the legislature of a state.
The separation of church and state is a philosophic and jurisprudential concept for defining political distance in the relationship between religious organizations and the nation state.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet (српска ћирилица/srpska ćirilica, pronounced) is an adaptation of the Cyrillic script for the Serbian language, developed in 1818 by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić.
The Serbian language is one of the officially recognized minority languages in Croatia.
Serbo-Croatian, also called Serbo-Croat, Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.
The Serbs of Croatia (Srbi u Hrvatskoj, Срби у Хрватској) or Croatian Serbs (Хрватски Срби/Hrvatski Srbi) constitute the largest national minority in Croatia.
Shooting sports is a collective group of competitive and recreational sporting activities involving proficiency tests of accuracy, precision and speed in using various types of ranged weapons, mainly referring to man-portable guns (firearms and airguns, in forms such as handguns, rifles and shotguns) and bows/crossbows.
Shtokavian or Štokavian (štokavski / штокавски) is the prestige dialect of the pluricentric Serbo-Croatian language, and the basis of its Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Montenegrin standards.
Sirocco, scirocco,, jugo or, rarely, siroc (Xaloc; Sciroccu; Σορόκος; Siroco; Siròc, Eisseròc; Jugo, literally southerly; Libyan Arabic: Ghibli; Egypt: khamsin; Tunisia: ch'hilli) is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe, especially during the summer season.
Sisak (Sziszek; also known by other alternative names) is a city and episcopal see in central Croatia, located at the confluence of the Kupa, Sava and Odra rivers, southeast of the Croatian capital Zagreb, and is usually considered to be where the Posavina (Sava basin) begins, with an elevation of 99 m. The city's total population in 2011 was 47,768 of which 33,322 live in the urban settlement (naselje).
The Sisak People's Liberation Partisan Detachment, also known as the 1st Sisak Partisan Detachment (Sisački narodnooslobodilački partizanski odred, 1.) was the first armed anti-fascist resistance unit formed by a resistance movement in occupied Yugoslavia and Europe during World War II.
Sisak-Moslavina County (Sisačko-moslavačka županija) is a Croatian county in eastern Central Croatia and southwestern Slavonia.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
The Slavic liquid metathesis refers to the phenomenon of metathesis of liquid consonants in the Common Slavic period in the South Slavic and West Slavic (specifically, Czech and Slovak) area.
Slavoljub Eduard Penkala (20 April 1871 - 5 February 1922) was a Croatian engineer and inventor of Dutch-Polish-Jewish descent.
Slavonia (Slavonija) is, with Dalmatia, Croatia proper and Istria, one of the four historical regions of Croatia.
Slavonski Brod (literally Slavonian Crossing), commonly shortened to simply Brod, is a city in eastern Croatia, near the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
Slobodna Dalmacija is a Croatian daily newspaper published in Split.
Slovak is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, and Sorbian).
The Slovenes, also called as Slovenians (Slovenci), are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Slovenia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak Slovenian as their first language.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Slovo is a biannual academic journal edited and managed entirely by postgraduates of the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies.
The Social Democratic Party of Croatia (Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske or SDP) is a social-democratic political party and the largest party of the Croatian centre-left.
Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income." Social security is enshrined in Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Socialist Republic of Croatia (Socijalistička Republika Hrvatska; Serbian: Социјалистичка Република Хрватска; Socijalistička Republika Hrvatska/Социјалистичка Република Хрватска) was a constituent republic and federated state of Yugoslavia. By its constitution, modern-day Croatia is its direct continuation. Along with five other Yugoslav republics, it was formed during World War II and became a socialist republic after the war. It had four full official names during its 48-year existence (see below). By territory and population, it was the second largest republic in Yugoslavia, after the Socialist Republic of Serbia. In 1990, the government dismantled the single-party system of government - installed by the Communist Party - and adopted a multi-party democracy. The newly elected government of Franjo Tuđman moved the republic towards independence, formally seceding from Yugoslavia in 1991 and thereby contributing to its dissolution.
The South Slavic languages are one of three branches of the Slavic languages.
The South Slavs are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who speak the South Slavic languages.
Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe is a geographical region of Europe, consisting primarily of the coterminous Balkan peninsula.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
A spa is a location where mineral-rich spring water (and sometimes seawater) is used to give medicinal baths.
The Speaker of the Croatian Parliament (Predsjednik Hrvatskog sabora, literally the President of the Croatian Parliament) is the presiding officer in the Croatian Parliament (Sabor), Croatia's legislative body.
Split Airport (Zračna luka Split), also known as Resnik Airport (Zračna luka Resnik), is the international airport serving the city of Split, Croatia.
Split (see other names) is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea and is spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is linked to the Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula. Home to Diocletian's Palace, built for the Roman emperor in 305 CE, the city was founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 3rd or 2nd century BC. It became a prominent settlement around 650 CE when it succeeded the ancient capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia, Salona. After the Sack of Salona by the Avars and Slavs, the fortified Palace of Diocletian was settled by the Roman refugees. Split became a Byzantine city, to later gradually drift into the sphere of the Republic of Venice and the Kingdom of Croatia, with the Byzantines retaining nominal suzerainty. For much of the High and Late Middle Ages, Split enjoyed autonomy as a free city, caught in the middle of a struggle between Venice and the King of Hungary for control over the Dalmatian cities. Venice eventually prevailed and during the early modern period Split remained a Venetian city, a heavily fortified outpost surrounded by Ottoman territory. Its hinterland was won from the Ottomans in the Morean War of 1699, and in 1797, as Venice fell to Napoleon, the Treaty of Campo Formio rendered the city to the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1805, the Peace of Pressburg added it to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and in 1806 it was included in the French Empire, becoming part of the Illyrian Provinces in 1809. After being occupied in 1813, it was eventually granted to the Austrian Empire following the Congress of Vienna, where the city remained a part of the Austrian Kingdom of Dalmatia until the fall of Austria-Hungary in 1918 and the formation of Yugoslavia. In World War II, the city was annexed by Italy, then liberated by the Partisans after the Italian capitulation in 1943. It was then re-occupied by Germany, which granted it to its puppet Independent State of Croatia. The city was liberated again by the Partisans in 1944, and was included in the post-war Socialist Yugoslavia, as part of its republic of Croatia. In 1991, Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia amid the Croatian War of Independence.
Split-Dalmatia County (Splitsko-dalmatinska županija) is the central-southern Dalmatian county in Croatia.
In talks with countries and territories that have expressed a wish to join the European Union, the EU typically concludes Association Agreements in exchange for commitments to political, economic, trade, or human rights reform in that country or territory.
A standard language or standard variety may be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization.
Stara Gradiška was one of the most notorious concentration and extermination camps in Croatia during World War II, mainly due to the crimes committed there against women and children.
The Starčevo culture, sometimes included within a larger grouping known as the Starčevo–Körös–Criş culture, is an archaeological culture of Southeastern Europe, dating to the Neolithic period between c. 6200 and 4500 BCE.
The State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Croatia (Zemaljsko antifašističko vijeće narodnog oslobođenja Hrvatske), often referred to by the acronym ZAVNOH, was the highest governing organ of the anti-fascist movement in Croatia during World War II.
The State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (Država Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba/Држава Словенаца, Хрвата и Срба; Država Slovencev, Hrvatov in Srbov) was a short-lived entity formed at the end of World War I by Slovenes, Croats and Serbs residing in what were the southernmost parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
State's Attorney Office of the Republic of Croatia (Državno odvjetništvo Republike Hrvatske or DORH) is an autonomous and independent judicial body empowered and duty-bound to instigate prosecution of perpetrators of criminal and other penal offences, to initiate legal measures to protect the property of the Republic of Croatia and to apply legal remedies to protect the Croatian Constitution and laws.
Stephen II (Stjepan II) (died 1091) was the last member of the Trpimirović dynasty and last native Croatian king to rule the entire medieval Croatian Kingdom.
Stephen Kinzer (born August 4, 1951) is an American author, journalist and academic.
Steven J. Erlanger is an American journalist who has reported from more than 120 countries.
Stjepan Radić (11 June 1871 – 8 August 1928) was a Croatian and Yugoslav politician and the founder of the Croatian People's Peasant Party (HPSS).
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an international institute based in Sweden, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
A style of office or honorific is an official or legally recognized title.
The Styria Media Group AG, often referred to as just Styria, is an Austrian media company founded in 1869 and based in Graz.
The subdivisions of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (initially known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes) existed successively in three different forms.
The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia (Vrhovni sud Republike Hrvatske) is the highest court in the country, which ensures the uniform application of laws and equal justice to all.
Surogat (known in English as Ersatz and The Substitute) is a 1961 Yugoslav short animated film by a Croatian director Dušan Vukotić, produced by Zagreb Film, then a Yugoslav film production company.
Sveti Andrija (meaning Saint Andrew), often called Svetac (meaning saint) is an island in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
Syrmia (Srem/Срем, Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, which lies between the Danube and Sava rivers.
The Tanais Tablets are two tablets dated late 2nd-3rd century AD, and written in Greek from the city of Tanais, in the proximity of modern Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
The Tehran Conference (codenamed Eureka) was a strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943, after the Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran.
The Telegraph Media Group (TMG, previously the Telegraph Group) is the proprietor of The Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph.
This is an alphabetical list by town of phone dialing codes in Croatia.
Territorial waters or a territorial sea, as defined by the 2013 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, is a belt of coastal waters extending at most from the baseline (usually the mean low-water mark) of a coastal state.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
Texas A&M University Press (also known informally as TAMU Press) is a scholarly publishing house associated with Texas A&M University.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Augustin Josip "Tin" Ujević (5 July 1891 – 12 November 1955) was a Croatian poet, considered by many to be the greatest poet in 20th century Croatian literature.
Tomislav (Tamisclaus) was the first King of Croatia.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
Tourism is a major industry in Croatia.
Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993.
Transport in Croatia relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, water and air.
Trapshooting is one of the three major disciplines of competitive clay pigeon shooting (shooting shotguns at clay targets).
The Treaty of Accession 2011 is an agreement between the member states of the European Union and Croatia concerning Croatia's accession to the EU.
The Treaty of Berlin (formally the Treaty between Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire for the Settlement of Affairs in the East) was signed on July 13, 1878.
The Cathedral of St.
Trpimir I (Trepimerus) was a duke (knez) of Croatia in, and the founder of the Croatian House of Trpimirović that ruled in Croatia, with interruptions, from around 845 until 1091.
Trpimirović dynasty (Trpimirovići) was a native Croat dynasty that ruled, with interruptions, from 845 until 1091 in Croatia and was named after Trpimir I, the first member and the founder.
Turkish cuisine (Turkish: Türk mutfağı) is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine, which can be described as a fusion and refinement of Central Asian, Middle Eastern, Eastern European and Balkan cuisines.
Tvrđa (Citadel) is the Old Town of the city of Osijek in Croatia.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
UNESCO established its Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage with the aim of ensuring better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.
The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM; Union pour la Méditerranée, الاتحاد من أجل المتوسط) is an intergovernmental organization of 43 member states from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin: the 28 EU member states and 15 Mediterranean partner countries from North Africa, Western Asia and Southern Europe.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
The United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 350 on 31 May 1974, to implement Resolution 338 (1973) which called for an immediate ceasefire and implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 242.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
Peacekeeping by the United Nations is a role held by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations as "a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict to create the conditions for lasting peace." It is distinguished from peacebuilding, peacemaking, and peace enforcement although the United Nations does acknowledge that all activities are "mutually reinforcing" and that overlap between them is frequent in practice.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States of Greater Austria (Vereinigte Staaten von Groß-Österreich) was a proposal, conceived by a group of scholars surrounding Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, that never came to pass.
Universal health care (also called universal health coverage, universal coverage, universal care, or socialized health care) is a health care system that provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.
The University of Dubrovnik (Sveučilište u Dubrovniku, Universitas Studiorum Ragusina) is a university located in Dubrovnik, Croatia.
The University of Kansas, also referred to as KU or Kansas, is a public research university in the U.S. state of Kansas.
The Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek (Sveučilište J.J. Strossmayera u Osijeku) is a university located in Osijek, Croatia.
The University of Rijeka (Sveučilište u Rijeci) is in the city of Rijeka with faculties in cities throughout the regions of Primorje, Istria and Lika.
The University of Split (Sveučilište u Splitu) is a university located in Split, Croatia.
The University of Toronto Press is a Canadian scholarly publisher and book distributor founded in 1901.
The University of Zadar (Sveučilište u Zadru, Universitas Studiorum Iadertina) is a university located in Zadar, Croatia.
The University of Zagreb (Sveučilište u Zagrebu,; Universitas Studiorum Zagrabiensis) is the largest Croatian university and the oldest continuously operating university in the area covering Central Europe south of Vienna and all of Southeastern Europe.
The Ustasha – Croatian Revolutionary Movement (Ustaša – Hrvatski revolucionarni pokret), commonly known as Ustashe (Ustaše), was a Croatian fascist, racist, ultranationalist and terrorist organization, active, in its original form, between 1929 and 1945.
Varaždīn (or; also known by other alternative names) is a city in Northern Croatia, north of Zagreb.
Varaždin County (Varaždinska županija) is a county in northern Croatia.
A vassal state is any state that is subordinate to another.
Večernji list (also known as Večernjak, Evening paper) is a conservative Croatian daily newspaper published in Zagreb.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
The Vidovdan Constitution was the first constitution of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Virovitica is a Croatian city near the Hungarian border.
Virovitica-Podravina County (Virovitičko-podravska županija) is a northern Slavonian county in Croatia.
Vis (Latin: Issa, Lissa) is a small Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea.
Vladimir Žerjavić (2 August 1912 – 5 September 2001) was a Croatian economist and demographer who published a series of historical articles and books during the 1980s and 1990s on demographic losses in Yugoslavia during World War II and of Axis forces and civilians in the Bleiburg repatriations shortly after the capitulation of Germany.
Vladimir Prelog ForMemRS (23 July 1906 – 7 January 1998) was a Croatian-Swiss organic chemist who received the 1975 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his research into the stereochemistry of organic molecules and reactions.
Vladimir "Vladko" Maček (20 June 1879 – 15 May 1964) was a Croatian politician in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and as a leader of the Croatian Peasant Party (HSS) following the 1928 assassination of Stjepan Radić, was a leading Croatian political figure until the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941.
Vlaho Bukovac (Blaise Bukovac; Biagio Faggioni; 4 July 1855 – 23 April 1922) was a Croatian painter.
A vocational school, sometimes also called a trade school, career center, or vocational college, is a type of educational institution, which, depending on country, may refer to secondary or post-secondary education designed to provide vocational education, or technical skills required to perform the tasks of a particular and specific job.
The Vučedol culture (Vučedolska kultura) flourished between 3000 and 2200 BC (the Eneolithic period of earliest copper-smithing), centered in Syrmia and eastern Slavonia on the right bank of the Danube river, but possibly spreading throughout the Pannonian plain and western Balkans and southward.
Vukovar (ВуковарThe official use of Serbian Cyrillic in Vukovar is subject to a dispute involving the local and national authorities, and is the source of a current political controversy. See #Minority languages.) is a city in eastern Croatia.
Vukovar-Srijem County (Vukovarsko-srijemska županija) is the easternmost Croatian county.
Water polo is a competitive team sport played in the water between two teams.
Water polo events at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships were held between 16 and 29 July 2017 in Budapest, Hungary.
The West Slavs are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who speak the West Slavic languages.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.
White Croatia (also Great Croatia or Chrobatia) was the ill-defined homeland of the White Croats in Central and Eastern Europe.
White Croats (Bijeli Hrvati, Biali Chorwaci, Bílí Chorvati, Білі хорвати tr. Bili Khorvaty) were a group of Slavic tribes who lived among other West and East Slavic tribes in the area of Bohemia, Lesser Poland, Galicia (north of Carpathian Mountains) and modern-day Western Ukraine.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
As of June 2018, there are a total of 1,080 World Heritage Sites located in 167 "States Parties" Of the 1,080 sites, 839 are cultural, 206 are natural and 35 are mixed properties.
The World Tourism rankings are compiled by the United Nations World Tourism Organization as part of their World Tourism Barometer publication, which is released three times throughout the year.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World War II persecution of Serbs, includes the extermination, expulsion and forced religious conversion of large numbers of ethnic Serbs by the Ustashe regime in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), as well as killings and expulsions of Serbs by the various Axis forces and their local supporters in occupied Yugoslavia.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication.
The Yugoslav Partisans,Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Partizani, Партизани or the National Liberation Army,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska (NOV), Народноослободилачка војска (НОВ); Народноослободителна војска (НОВ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska (NOV) officially the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV i POJ), Народноослободилачка војска и партизански одреди Југославије (НОВ и ПОЈ); Народноослободителна војска и партизански одреди на Југославија (НОВ и ПОЈ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV in POJ) was the Communist-led resistance to the Axis powers (chiefly Germany) in occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.
The Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska narodna armija / Југословенска народна армија / Jugoslavenska narodna armija; also Yugoslav National Army), often referred-to simply by the initialism JNA, was the military of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Zadar (see other names) is the oldest continuously inhabited Croatian city.
Zadar Airport is the international airport serving Zadar, Croatia.
Zadar County (Zadarska županija) is a county in Croatia, it encompasses northern Dalmatia and southeastern Lika.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Franjo Tuđman Airport, also known as Zagreb Airport, is the largest and busiest international airport in Croatia.
Zagreb County (Zagrebačka županija) is a county in central Croatia.
Zagreb Fair (Zagrebački velesajam) is a complex of exhibition pavilions in Zagreb, Croatia.
Zrinski was a Croatian-Hungarian noble family, influential during the period in history marked by the Ottoman wars in Europe in the Kingdom of Hungary and Croatia and in the later Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Zrmanja is a river in southern Lika and northern Dalmatia, Croatia.
.eu is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the European Union (EU).
.hr is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Croatia.
The meridian 13° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The 1974 Yugoslav Constitution was the fourth and final constitution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The VIII Mediterranean Games – Split 1979, commonly known as the 1979 Mediterranean Games, were the 8th Mediterranean Games.
The 1987 Summer Universiade, also known as the XIV Summer Universiade, took place in Zagreb, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia.
The 1992 Summer Olympic Games (Spanish: Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Olímpics d'estiu de 1992), officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain in 1992.
The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games (Les XVIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), were a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 8 to 23 February 1992 in Albertville, France.
The 1994 Winter Olympics (Olympiske vinterleker 1994), officially known as the XVII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XVIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 12 to 27 February 1994 in and around Lillehammer, Norway.
The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially the, and commonly known as Nagano 1998, was a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 7 to 22 February 1998 in Nagano, Japan.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The 2000 World Rowing Championships were World Rowing Championships that were held from 1 to 6 August 2000 in conjunction with the World Junior Rowing Championships in Zagreb, Croatia.
The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.
The 2002 Winter Olympics, officially the XIX Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Salt Lake 2002, were a winter multi-sport event that was celebrated from 8 to 24 February 2002 in and around Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
The 2003 World Men's Handball Championship took place in Portugal from 20 January to 2 February 2003.
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries.
The 2005 Davis Cup was the 94th edition of the most important tournament between nations in men's tennis.
The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games (Les XXes Jeux olympiques d'hiver, XX Giochi olimpici invernali) and commonly known as Turin 2006 or italic, was a winter multi-sport event which was held in Turin, Piedmont, Italy from February 10 to 26, 2006.
The 2007 World Aquatics Championships or the XII FINA World Championships were held in Melbourne, Australia from 17 March to 1 April 2007.
The 11th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), were held at Nagai Stadium in Osaka, Japan from 24 August to 2 September 2007.
The 2007 World Table Tennis Championships was a table tennis tournament that took place in Zagreb, Croatia from May 21 through to May 27, 2007.
The 2007 World Taekwondo Championships were the 18th edition of the World Taekwondo Championships, and were held in Beijing, China from May 18 to May 22, 2007.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.
The 12th IAAF World Championships in Athletics (12.) were held in Berlin, Germany from 15–23 August 2009.
The 2009 World Men's Handball Championship (21st tournament) took place in Croatia from 16 January–1 February, in the cities of Split, Zadar, Osijek, Varaždin, Poreč, Zagreb and Pula.
The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and commonly known as Vancouver 2010, informally the 21st Winter Olympics, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 12 to 28 February 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, with some events held in the surrounding suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands, and in the nearby resort town of Whistler.
The 2010 World Rowing Championships were World Rowing Championships that were held from 31 October to 7 November 2010 on Lake Karapiro near Cambridge, New Zealand.
The 2011 World Taekwondo Championships was the 20th edition of the World Taekwondo Championships, and was held at Gyeongju Indoor Stadium in Gyeongju, South Korea from May 1 to May 6, 2011.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2013 enlargement of the European Union saw Croatia join the European Union as its 28th member state on 1 July 2013.
The 14th IAAF World Championships in Athletics (Moscow 2013) was an international athletics competition held in Moscow, Russia, from 10–18 August 2013.
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (r) and commonly known as Sochi 2014, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 7 to 23 February 2014 in Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.
The 2017 IAAF World Championships was the 16th edition of the global athletics competition organised by the International Association of Athletics Federations and was held in London from 4 to 13 August 2017.
The meridian 20° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic and Indian oceans, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
24sata is a Croatian daily newspaper published in Zagreb, Croatia.
The 42nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 42 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 47th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 47 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
Croacia, Croatia/Hrvatska, Croazia, Crotaia, Croácia, Hirvatistan, Horvaatia, Hravatska, Hrvatska, ISO 3166-1:HR, Kroacia, Kroasia, Kroasië, Kroatia, Kroatien, Republic of Croatia, Republika Hrvatska.