40 relations: Ancient Greek, Asia, Autosome, Carduelis, Carl Linnaeus, Cassia crossbill, Chestnut-backed sparrow-lark, Crossbill, Cytochrome b, DNA, Douglas fir, Epistasis, Europe, Evolutionary grade, Finch, Fitness (biology), Heritability, Hispaniolan crossbill, Larch, Miocene, Mitochondrial DNA, Nucleic acid sequence, Parrot crossbill, Piacenzian, Pine, Pinophyta, Pinus contorta, Pinus occidentalis, Polymorphism (biology), Red crossbill, Redpoll, Scots pine, Scottish crossbill, Spruce, Systema Naturae, Tortonian, Tsuga, Two-barred crossbill, Varshets, 10th edition of Systema Naturae.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
An autosome is a chromosome that is not an allosome (a sex chromosome).
The genus Carduelis is a group of birds in the finch family Fringillidae.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
The Cassia crossbill (Loxia sinesciuris) is a passerine bird in the family Fringillidae.
The chestnut-backed sparrow-lark (Eremopterix leucotis) is a passerine bird which is a resident breeder in Africa south of the Sahara Desert.
The crossbill is a genus, Loxia, of birds in the finch family (Fringillidae), with six species.
Cytochrome b is a protein found in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Pseudotsuga menziesii, commonly known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir and Oregon pine, is an evergreen conifer species native to western North America.
Epistasis is the phenomenon where the effect of one gene (locus) is dependent on the presence of one or more 'modifier genes', i.e. the genetic background.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
In alpha taxonomy, a grade is a taxon united by a level of morphological or physiological complexity.
The true finches are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Fringillidae.
Fitness (often denoted w or ω in population genetics models) is the quantitative representation of natural and sexual selection within evolutionary biology.
Heritability is a statistic used in the fields of breeding and genetics that estimates the degree of variation in a phenotypic trait in a population that is due to genetic variation between individuals in that population.
The Hispaniolan crossbill (Loxia megaplaga) is a crossbill that is endemic to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean and therefore only found in Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Larches are conifers in the genus Larix, of the family Pinaceae (subfamily Laricoideae).
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
A nucleic acid sequence is a succession of letters that indicate the order of nucleotides forming alleles within a DNA (using GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule.
The parrot crossbill (Loxia pytyopsittacus) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae.
The Piacenzian is in the international geologic time scale the upper stage or latest age of the Pliocene.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
Pinus contorta, with the common names lodgepole pine and shore pine, and also known as twisted pine, and contorta pine, is a common tree in western North America.
Pinus occidentalis, or Hispaniolan pine, is a pine endemic to the island of Hispaniola, where it is the predominant species in the Hispaniolan pine forests of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Polymorphism in biology and zoology is the occurrence of two or more clearly different morphs or forms, also referred to as alternative phenotypes, in the population of a species.
The red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae, also known as the common crossbill in Eurasia.
The redpolls (in Britain also historically known as redpoles) are a group of small passerine birds in the finch family Fringillidae which have characteristic red markings on their heads.
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is a species of pine that is native to Eurasia, ranging from Western Europe to Eastern Siberia, south to the Caucasus Mountains and Anatolia, and north to well inside the Arctic Circle in Scandinavia.
The Scottish crossbill (Loxia scotica) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
(originally in Latin written with the ligature æ) is one of the major works of the Swedish botanist, zoologist and physician Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) and introduced the Linnaean taxonomy.
The Tortonian is in the geologic timescale an age or stage of the late Miocene that spans the time between 11.608 ± 0.005 Ma and 7.246 ± 0.005 Ma (million years ago).
Tsuga (from 栂 (ツガ), the name of Tsuga sieboldii) is a genus of conifers in the subfamily Abietoideae.
The two-barred crossbill (Loxia leucoptera), known as the white-winged crossbill in North America, is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae.
Varshets (Вършец, variously transliterated) is a spa town in Montana Province, northwestern Bulgaria.
The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.