23 relations: Alternating knot, Average crossing number, Bridge number, DNA, Figure-eight knot (mathematics), Gel electrophoresis, Knot (mathematics), Knot invariant, Knot theory, Linking number, Marc Lackenby, Mathematics, Normal surface, Peter Tait (physicist), Prime knot, Satellite knot, Stick number, Torus knot, Trefoil knot, Twist knot, Unknot, Unknotting number, 0.

## Alternating knot

In knot theory, a knot or link diagram is alternating if the crossings alternate under, over, under, over, as one travels along each component of the link.

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## Average crossing number

In the mathematical subject of knot theory, the average crossing number of a knot is the result of averaging over all directions the number of crossings in a knot diagram of the knot obtained by projection onto the plane orthogonal to the direction.

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## Bridge number

In the mathematical field of knot theory, the bridge number is an invariant of a knot defined as the minimal number of bridges required in all the possible bridge representations of a knot.

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## DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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## Figure-eight knot (mathematics)

In knot theory, a figure-eight knot (also called Listing's knot or a Cavendish knot) is the unique knot with a crossing number of four.

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## Gel electrophoresis

Gel electrophoresis is a method for separation and analysis of macromolecules (DNA, RNA and proteins) and their fragments, based on their size and charge.

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## Knot (mathematics)

In mathematics, a knot is an embedding of a circle S^1 in 3-dimensional Euclidean space, R3 (also known as E3), considered up to continuous deformations (isotopies).

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## Knot invariant

In the mathematical field of knot theory, a knot invariant is a quantity (in a broad sense) defined for each knot which is the same for equivalent knots.

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## Knot theory

In topology, knot theory is the study of mathematical knots.

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## Linking number

In mathematics, the linking number is a numerical invariant that describes the linking of two closed curves in three-dimensional space.

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## Marc Lackenby

Marc Lackenby is a professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford whose research concerns knot theory, low-dimensional topology, and group theory.

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## Mathematics

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.

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## Normal surface

In mathematics, a normal surface is a surface inside a triangulated 3-manifold that intersects each tetrahedron so that each component of intersection is a triangle or a quad (see figure).

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## Peter Tait (physicist)

Peter Guthrie Tait FRSE (28 April 1831 – 4 July 1901) was a Scottish mathematical physicist and early pioneer in thermodynamics.

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## Prime knot

In knot theory, a prime knot or prime link is a knot that is, in a certain sense, indecomposable.

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## Satellite knot

In the mathematical theory of knots, a satellite knot is a knot that contains an incompressible, non boundary-parallel torus in its complement.

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## Stick number

In the mathematical theory of knots, the stick number is a knot invariant that intuitively gives the smallest number of straight "sticks" stuck end to end needed to form a knot.

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## Torus knot

In knot theory, a torus knot is a special kind of knot that lies on the surface of an unknotted torus in R3.

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## Trefoil knot

In topology, a branch of mathematics, the trefoil knot is the simplest example of a nontrivial knot.

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## Twist knot

In knot theory, a branch of mathematics, a twist knot is a knot obtained by repeatedly twisting a closed loop and then linking the ends together.

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## Unknot

The unknot arises in the mathematical theory of knots.

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## Unknotting number

In the mathematical area of knot theory, the unknotting number of a knot is the minimum number of times the knot must be passed through itself (crossing switch) to untie it.

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## 0

0 (zero) is both a number and the numerical digit used to represent that number in numerals.

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## References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crossing_number_(knot_theory)