87 relations: Aflatoxin, Allergy, Allium, Anticoagulant, Barbarea verna, Basic research, Bioavailability, Biological activity, Biological half-life, Bok choy, Brassica, Brassica carinata, Brassica nigra, Brassica oleracea, Brassicaceae, Broccoflower, Broccoli, Brussels sprout, Cabbage, Cancer, Canola, Carcinogen, Cauliflower, Chemoprophylaxis, Chemotherapy, Chinese cabbage, Choy sum, Collard greens, Cross, Cultivar, Cultivar group, CYP1A2, Daikon, Detoxification, Dietary fiber, Diplotaxis tenuifolia, Enzyme induction and inhibition, Eruca sativa, Gai lan, Garden cress, Genotoxicity, Genus, Glucosinolate, Glucuronosyltransferase, Glutathione S-transferase, Haloperidol, Horseradish, Hypersensitivity, Isothiocyanate, Kale, ..., Kohlrabi, Komatsuna, Lepidium campestre, Lepidium meyenii, Leukemia, MCL1, Mizuna, Mustard seed, Myrosinase, NADPH:quinone reductase, New Latin, Nutrient, Oncogene, Petal, Phenethyl isothiocyanate, Phenylthiocarbamide, Philadelphia chromosome, Phytochemical, Radish, Rapeseed, Rapini, Romanesco broccoli, Rutabaga, Savoy cabbage, Selective breeding, Species, Tatsoi, Taxonomy (biology), Theophylline, Triangle of U, Turnip, Vegetable, Vitamin C, Warfarin, Wasabi, Watercress, White mustard. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
Aflatoxins are poisonous carcinogens that are produced by certain molds (Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus) which grow in soil, decaying vegetation, hay, and grains.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
Allium is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants that includes hundreds of species, including the cultivated onion, garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, and chives.
Anticoagulants, commonly referred to as blood thinners, are chemical substances that prevent or reduce coagulation of blood, prolonging the clotting time.
Land cress (Barbarea verna), also known as American cress, bank cress, black wood cress, Belle Isle cress, Bermuda cress, early yellowrocket, early wintercress, scurvy cress, creasy greens, and upland cress, is a biennial herb in the family Brassicaceae.
Basic research, also called pure research or fundamental research, has the scientific research aim to improve scientific theories for improved understanding or prediction of natural or other phenomena.
In pharmacology, bioavailability (BA or F) is a subcategory of absorption and is the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation, one of the principal pharmacokinetic properties of drugs.
In pharmacology, biological activity or pharmacological activity describes the beneficial or adverse effects of a drug on living matter.
The biological half-life of a biological substance is the time it takes for half to be removed by biological processes when the rate of removal is roughly exponential.
Bok choy, pak choi or pok choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) is a type of Chinese cabbage.
Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae).
Brassica carinata (Ethiopian rape, Ethiopian mustard, Abyssinian mustard) is a member of the Triangle of U species (U, 1935) in the agriculturally significant genus Brassica.
Brassica nigra, the black mustard, is an annual plant cultivated for its black or dark brown seeds, which are commonly used as a spice.
Brassica oleracea is a plant species that includes many common foods as cultivars, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, savoy, kohlrabi, and gai lan.
Brassicaceae or Cruciferae is a medium-sized and economically important family of flowering plants commonly known as the mustards, the crucifers, or the cabbage family.
Broccoflower refers to either of two edible plants of the species Brassica oleracea with light green heads.
Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family whose large flowering head is eaten as a vegetable.
The Brussels sprout is a member of the Gemmifera Group of cabbages (Brassica oleracea), grown for its edible buds.
Cabbage or headed cabbage (comprising several cultivars of Brassica oleracea) is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Canola oil, or canola for short, is a vegetable oil derived from rapeseed that is low in erucic acid, as opposed to colza oil.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the family Brassicaceae.
Chemoprevention (also Chemoprophylaxis) refers to the administration of a medication for the purpose of preventing disease or infection.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa, subspecies pekinensis and chinensis) can refer to two groups of Chinese leaf vegetables often used in Chinese cuisine: the Pekinensis Group (napa cabbage) and the Chinensis Group (bok choy).
Choy sum (also spelled choi sum or "Cai Xin" in modern Pinyin) is a leafy vegetable commonly used in Chinese cuisine.
Collard greens (collards) describes certain loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea, the same species as many common vegetables, including cabbage (Capitata Group) and broccoli (Botrytis Group).
A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two intersecting lines or bars, usually perpendicular to each other.
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
A Group (previously cultivar-groupInternational Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, 4th edition (1969), 5th edition (1980) and 6th edition (1995)) is a formal category in the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) used for cultivated plants that share a defined characteristic.
Cytochrome P450 1A2 (abbreviated CYP1A2), a member of the cytochrome P450 mixed-function oxidase system, is involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics in the body.
, also known by many other names depending on context, is a mild-flavored winter radish (Raphanus sativus variety (cultivar) 'Longipinnatus') usually characterized by fast-growing leaves and a long, white, root.
Detoxification or detoxication (detox for short) is the physiological or medicinal removal of toxic substances from a living organism, including the human body, which is mainly carried out by the liver.
Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.
Diplotaxis tenuifolia is a species of flowering plant in the mustard family known by the common name perennial wall-rocket.
Enzyme induction is a process in which a molecule (e.g. a drug) induces (i.e. initiates or enhances) the expression of an enzyme.
Arugula or rocket (Eruca sativa; syns. E. vesicaria subsp. sativa (Miller) Thell., Brassica eruca L.) is an edible annual plant in the Brassicaceae family used as a leaf vegetable for its fresh peppery flavor.
Gai lan (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra) is the Cantonese name and jie lan is the Mandarin name for a vegetable that is also known as Chinese broccoli or Chinese kale.
Cress (Lepidium sativum), sometimes referred to as garden cress to distinguish it from similar plants also referred to as cress (from old Germanic cresso which means sharp, spicy), is a rather fast-growing, edible herb.
In genetics, genotoxicity describes the property of chemical agents that damages the genetic information within a cell causing mutations, which may lead to cancer.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
The glucosinolates are natural components of many pungent plants such as mustard, cabbage, and horseradish.
Uridine 5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase (UDP-glucuronosyltransferase, UGT) is a cytosolic glycosyltransferase that catalyzes the transfer of the glucuronic acid component of UDP-glucuronic acid to a small hydrophobic molecule.
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), previously known as ligandins, comprise a family of eukaryotic and prokaryotic phase II metabolic isozymes best known for their ability to catalyze the conjugation of the reduced form of glutathione (GSH) to xenobiotic substrates for the purpose of detoxification.
Haloperidol, marketed under the trade name Haldol among others, is a typical antipsychotic medication.
Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana, syn. Cochlearia armoracia) is a perennial plant of the family Brassicaceae (which also includes mustard, wasabi, broccoli, and cabbage).
Hypersensitivity (also called hypersensitivity reaction or intolerance) refers to undesirable reactions produced by the normal immune system, including allergies and autoimmunity.
Isothiocyanate is the chemical group –N.
Kale or leaf cabbage are certain cultivars of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) grown for their edible leaves.
Kohlrabi (from the German; German turnip or turnip cabbage; Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group) is a biennial vegetable, a low, stout cultivar of wild cabbage.
or Japanese mustard spinach (Brassica rapa var. perviridis) is a leaf vegetable.
Lepidium campestre, the field pepperwort or field pepperweed, is usually a biennial with some form of annual plant in the Brassicaceae or mustard family, native to Europe, but commonly found in North America as an invasive weed.
Lepidium meyenii, or maca, or Peruvian ginseng, is an herbaceous biennial plant of the Brassicaceae family native to the high Andes of Peru.
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.
Induced myeloid leukemia cell differentiation protein Mcl-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MCL1 gene.
, qian jing shui cai, kyona, Japanese mustard greens, or spider mustard, Mark Bittman is a cultivated crop plant from the species Brassica rapa var. niposinica a dark green, serrated leafed plant.
Mustard seeds are the small round seeds of various mustard plants.
Myrosinase (thioglucoside glucohydrolase, sinigrinase, and sinigrase) is a family of enzymes involved in plant defense against herbivores.
In enzymology, a NADPH:quinone reductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction The 3 substrates of this enzyme are NADPH, H+, and quinone, whereas its two products are NADP+ and semiquinone.
New Latin (also called Neo-Latin or Modern Latin) was a revival in the use of Latin in original, scholarly, and scientific works between c. 1375 and c. 1900.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
An oncogene is a gene that has the potential to cause cancer.
Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers.
Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) is a naturally occurring isothiocyanate whose precursor, gluconasturtiin is found in some cruciferous vegetables, especially watercress.
Phenylthiocarbamide (PTC), also known as phenylthiourea (PTU), is an organosulfur thiourea containing a phenyl ring.
The Philadelphia chromosome or Philadelphia translocation (Ph) is a specific genetic abnormality in chromosome 22 of leukemia cancer cells (particularly chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells).
Phytochemicals are chemical compounds produced by plants, generally to help them thrive or thwart competitors, predators, or pathogens.
The radish (Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. sativus) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre-Roman times.
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.
Rapini, commonly marketed in the United States as broccoli raab or broccoli rabe, is a green cruciferous vegetable.
Romanesco broccoli, also known as Roman cauliflower, Broccolo Romanesco, Romanesque cauliflower or simply Romanesco is an edible flower bud of the species Brassica oleracea.
The rutabaga (from Swedish dialectal word rotabagge), swede (from Swedish turnip, being introduced from Sweden), or neep (from its Latin name Brassica napobrassica) is a root vegetable that originated as a cross between the cabbage and the turnip.
Savoy cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. sabauda L. or Brassica oleracea Savoy Cabbage Group), is a variety of the plant species Brassica oleracea.
Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Tatsoi (Brassica rapa subsp. narinosa or Brassica rapa var. rosularis) is an Asian variety of Brassica rapa grown for greens.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names.
The triangle of U is a theory about the evolution and relationships among members of the plant genus Brassica.
The turnip or white turnip (Brassica rapa subsp. rapa) is a root vegetable commonly grown in temperate climates worldwide for its white, bulbous taproot.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Warfarin, sold under the brand name Coumadin among others, is a medication that is used as an anticoagulant (blood thinner).
is a plant of the Brassicaceae family, which also includes horseradish and mustard.
Watercress is an aquatic plant species with the botanical name Nasturtium officinale. This should not be confused with the profoundly different and unrelated group of plants with the common name of nasturtium, within the genus Tropaeolum.
White mustard (Sinapis alba) is an annual plant of the family Brassicaceae.