53 relations: Airway obstruction, Amiodarone, Antibiotic, Atelectasis, Bacteria, Bronchiole, Bronchiolitis, Bronchiolitis obliterans, Bronchoalveolar lavage, Bronchoscopy, Chemotherapy, Chest radiograph, Chills, Corticosteroid, Cough, CT scan, DLCO, Drug, Eosinophil, Erlotinib, Exudate, Fatigue, Fever, H&E stain, High-resolution computed tomography, Hypoxemia, Idiopathic disease, Inflammation, Ionizing radiation, Lower respiratory tract infection, Lung, Lung volumes, Lymphocyte, Micrograph, Nail clubbing, Neutrophil, Night sweats, Organism, Parasitism, Physical examination, Pneumonia, Prednisolone, Prednisone, Pulmonary alveolus, Radiography, Radiology, Rheumatoid arthritis, Scleroderma, Shortness of breath, Sputum, ..., Squamous-cell carcinoma of the lung, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Virus. Expand index (3 more) » « Shrink index
Airway obstruction is a blockage of respiration in the airway.
Amiodarone is an antiarrhythmic medication used to treat and prevent a number of types of irregular heartbeats.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Atelectasis is the collapse or closure of a lung resulting in reduced or absent gas exchange.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
The bronchioles or bronchioli are the passageways by which air passes through the nose or mouth to the alveoli (air sacs) of the lungs, in which branches no longer contain cartilage or glands in their submucosa.
Bronchiolitis is blockage of the small airway in the lungs due to a viral infection.
Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), informally known as popcorn lung, is a disease that results in obstruction of the smallest airways of the lungs (bronchioles) due to inflammation.
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL; informally, "bronchoalveolar washing") is a medical procedure in which a bronchoscope is passed through the mouth or nose into the lungs and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then collected for examination.
Bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique of visualizing the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
A chest radiograph, colloquially called a chest X-ray (CXR), or chest film, is a projection radiograph of the chest used to diagnose conditions affecting the chest, its contents, and nearby structures.
Chills is a feeling of coldness occurring during a high fever, but sometimes is also a common symptom which occurs alone in specific people.
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.
A cough is a sudden and often repetitively occurring, protective reflex, which helps to clear the large breathing passages from fluids, irritants, foreign particles and microbes.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
DLCO or TLCO ('''d'''iffusing capacity or transfer factor of the '''l'''ung for carbon monoxide (CO)) is the extent to which oxygen passes from the air sacs of the lungs into the blood.
A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.
Eosinophils sometimes called eosinophiles or, less commonly, acidophils, are a variety of white blood cells and one of the immune system components responsible for combating multicellular parasites and certain infections in vertebrates. Along with mast cells and basophils, they also control mechanisms associated with allergy and asthma. They are granulocytes that develop during hematopoiesis in the bone marrow before migrating into blood, after which they are terminally differentiated and do not multiply. These cells are eosinophilic or "acid-loving" due to their large acidophilic cytoplasmic granules, which show their affinity for acids by their affinity to coal tar dyes: Normally transparent, it is this affinity that causes them to appear brick-red after staining with eosin, a red dye, using the Romanowsky method. The staining is concentrated in small granules within the cellular cytoplasm, which contain many chemical mediators, such as eosinophil peroxidase, ribonuclease (RNase), deoxyribonucleases (DNase), lipase, plasminogen, and major basic protein. These mediators are released by a process called degranulation following activation of the eosinophil, and are toxic to both parasite and host tissues. In normal individuals, eosinophils make up about 1–3% of white blood cells, and are about 12–17 micrometres in size with bilobed nuclei. While they are released into the bloodstream as neutrophils are, eosinophils reside in tissue They are found in the medulla and the junction between the cortex and medulla of the thymus, and, in the lower gastrointestinal tract, ovary, uterus, spleen, and lymph nodes, but not in the lung, skin, esophagus, or some other internal organs under normal conditions. The presence of eosinophils in these latter organs is associated with disease. For instance, patients with eosinophilic asthma have high levels of eosinophils that lead to inflammation and tissue damage, making it more difficult for patients to breathe. Eosinophils persist in the circulation for 8–12 hours, and can survive in tissue for an additional 8–12 days in the absence of stimulation. Pioneering work in the 1980s elucidated that eosinophils were unique granulocytes, having the capacity to survive for extended periods of time after their maturation as demonstrated by ex-vivo culture experiments.
Erlotinib hydrochloride (trade name Tarceva) is a drug used to treat non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer and several other types of cancer.
An exudate is a fluid emitted by an organism through pores or a wound, a process known as exuding.
Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Hematoxylin and eosin stain or haematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.
High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is a type of computed tomography (CT) with specific techniques to enhance image resolution.
Hypoxemia (or hypoxaemia in British English) is an abnormally low level of oxygen in the blood.
An idiopathic disease is any disease with an unknown cause or mechanism of apparently spontaneous origin.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.
Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), while often used as a synonym for pneumonia, can also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
Lung volumes and lung capacities refer to the volume of air associated with different phases of the respiratory cycle.
A lymphocyte is one of the subtypes of white blood cell in a vertebrate's immune system.
A micrograph or photomicrograph is a photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item.
Nail clubbing, also known as digital clubbing, is a deformity of the finger or toe nails associated with a number of diseases, mostly of the heart and lungs.
Neutrophils (also known as neutrocytes) are the most abundant type of granulocytes and the most abundant (40% to 70%) type of white blood cells in most mammals.
Night sweats, also known as nocturnal hyperhidrosis, is the occurrence of excessive sweating during sleep.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Prednisolone is a steroid medication used to treat certain types of allergies, inflammatory conditions, autoimmune disorders, and cancers.
Prednisone is a synthetic glucocorticoid drug that is mostly used to suppress the immune system.
A pulmonary alveolus (plural: alveoli, from Latin alveolus, "little cavity") is a hollow cavity found in the lung parenchyma, and is the basic unit of ventilation.
Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays to view the internal form of an object.
Radiology is the science that uses medical imaging to diagnose and sometimes also treat diseases within the body.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints.
Scleroderma is a group of autoimmune diseases that may result in changes to the skin, blood vessels, muscles, and internal organs.
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.
Sputum is mucus and is the name used for the coughed-up material (phlegm) from the lower airways (trachea and bronchi).
Squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lung is a type of non-small-cell lung carcinoma and is more common in men than in women.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
BOOP, Bronchilitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia, Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, Bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia, Bronchiolotis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP), Crypotogenic Organizing Pneumonitis, Crypotogenic organizing pneumonitis, Cryptogenic organising pneumonia, Cryptogenic organizing pneumonitis, Organizing pneumonia.