29 relations: Alcohol dehydrogenase, Aldehyde dehydrogenase, Anatomy, Argininosuccinate lyase, Beta sheet, Cataract, Cephalopod, Chaperone (protein), Cornea, CRYGC, Enzyme, Exaptation, Eye, Glutathione S-transferase, Homology (biology), Lactate dehydrogenase, Lens (anatomy), Metabolism, Monomer, NADPH:quinone reductase, Neurite, Oligomer, Peptide, Protein, Protein superfamily, Refractive index, Size-exclusion chromatography, Structural motif, Taxon.
Alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH) are a group of dehydrogenase enzymes that occur in many organisms and facilitate the interconversion between alcohols and aldehydes or ketones with the reduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ to NADH).
Aldehyde dehydrogenases are a group of enzymes that catalyse the oxidation of aldehydes.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
ASL (argininosuccinate lyase, also known as argininosuccinase) is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible breakdown of argininosuccinate (ASA) producing the amino acid arginine and dicarboxylic acid fumarate.
The β-sheet (also β-pleated sheet) is a common motif of regular secondary structure in proteins.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision.
A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda (Greek plural κεφαλόποδα, kephalópoda; "head-feet") such as a squid, octopus or nautilus.
In molecular biology, molecular chaperones are proteins that assist the covalent folding or unfolding and the assembly or disassembly of other macromolecular structures.
The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.
Crystallin, gamma C, also known as CRYGC, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CRYGC gene.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Exaptation (Stephen Jay Gould and Elisabeth Vrba's proposed replacement for what he considered the teleologically-loaded term "pre-adaptation") and the related term co-option describe a shift in the function of a trait during evolution.
Eyes are organs of the visual system.
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), previously known as ligandins, comprise a family of eukaryotic and prokaryotic phase II metabolic isozymes best known for their ability to catalyze the conjugation of the reduced form of glutathione (GSH) to xenobiotic substrates for the purpose of detoxification.
In biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa.
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH or LD) is an enzyme found in nearly all living cells (animals, plants, and prokaryotes).
The lens is a transparent, biconvex structure in the eye that, along with the cornea, helps to refract light to be focused on the retina.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".
In enzymology, a NADPH:quinone reductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction The 3 substrates of this enzyme are NADPH, H+, and quinone, whereas its two products are NADP+ and semiquinone.
A neurite or neuronal process refers to any projection from the cell body of a neuron.
An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.
Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
A protein superfamily is the largest grouping (clade) of proteins for which common ancestry can be inferred (see homology).
In optics, the refractive index or index of refraction of a material is a dimensionless number that describes how light propagates through that medium.
Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), also known as molecular sieve chromatography, is a chromatographic method in which molecules in solution are separated by their size, and in some cases molecular weight.
In a chain-like biological molecule, such as a protein or nucleic acid, a structural motif is a supersecondary structure, which also appears in a variety of other molecules.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
A-crystallin, Alpha crystallin, Alpha-crystallins, Beta crystallin, Beta gamma crystallin, Crystalin, Crystallin, beta gamma, Crystalline protein, Crystallins, Epsilon-crystallins, Gamma crystallin, Omega-crystallins, Tau-crystallins, Α-crystallin.