293 relations: ABC-CLIO, Adrian Martin, Adweek, Akira (1988 film), Alamo Drafthouse Cinema, Alejandro Jodorowsky, AllMovie, Andy Warhol, Animation, Anime, Anime and manga fandom, Anurag Kashyap, Art film, Arthur Knight (film critic), Associated Press, Astroturfing, Attack of the Killer Tomatoes, Audience, Auteur, B movie, Back to the Future, Backstage (magazine), Battle Royale (film), BBC News, BBC News Online, Berg Publishers, Beyond the Valley of the Dolls, Birdemic: Shock and Terror, Blockbuster (entertainment), Bloomberg Businessweek, Bollywood, Box office bomb, Box Office Mojo, Bram Stoker, Bright Lights Film Journal, British Board of Film Classification, Camp (style), Cannabis culture, Cannibal film, Cannibal Holocaust, Canon (fiction), Carroll County Times, Charlie Chaplin, Chicago Reader, China Miéville, Chloë Sevigny, Christopher Lloyd, Cine-Excess, Cineaste (magazine), Cinema Journal, ..., Cinema of New Zealand, Cinema of Transgression, Cinephilia, Classificatory disputes about art, CNET, Commodification, Coonskin (film), Cosplay, Counterculture, Cry-Baby, Cult following, Cult Movies (book), Cultural capital, Danny Peary, David Lynch, Defamiliarization, Dell Publishing, Deseret News, Don Coscarelli, Donnie Darko, Doris Wishman, Dracula, Drive-in theater, Dudeism, Ed Wood, Edgar Wright, Emmanuelle (film), Entertainment Weekly, Ernest Mathijs, European art cinema, Experimental film, Exploitation film, Faces of Death, Fan labor, Fandom, Fantastic Planet, Fanzine, Film, Film censorship, Film festival, Film genre, Film Journal International, Film Threat, Flow (journal), Found footage (appropriation), François Truffaut, Frank Capra, Frank Henenlotter, Fritz the Cat (film), Galaxy Quest, George A. Romero, George Lucas, Ghost in the Shell, Glam rock, Grease (film), Grindhouse, Heavenly Creatures, Heavy Metal (film), Hemp for Victory, High culture, Hipster (contemporary subculture), Holy See, Hong Kong action cinema, I Spit on Your Grave, IFC (U.S. TV channel), IGN, Independent film, Intertextuality, It's a Wonderful Life, Italian neorealism, James Dean, Japanese horror, Jean Rollin, Jesús Franco, Joe Bob Briggs, John Hughes (filmmaker), John Waters, John Wiley & Sons, Jonathan Rosenbaum, Judy Garland, Judy Garland as gay icon, Jump Cut (journal), Knight Ridder, KNTV, L'Osservatore Romano, Lad culture, Leonard Kastle, Libertarianism, List of cult films, Lloyd Kaufman, London College of Communication, Los Angeles Times, Low culture, Mad Max, Mainstream, Male gaze, Malta Today, Manchester University Press, Marx Brothers, Mary Woronov, McFarland & Company, Metanarrative, Method acting, Metro Silicon Valley, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Michael Medved, Midnight movie, Miracle on 34th Street, Monash University, Mondo film, Moral panic, Mr. B Natural, MTV, Myra Breckinridge (film), Mystery Science Theater 3000, NBC News, NBCUniversal, New York (magazine), Nick Zedd, Norman Wisdom, Nosferatu, Nostalgia, NPR, Office Space, Ohio State University Press, Oldboy (2003 film), Omaha World-Herald, Other (philosophy), Palgrave Macmillan, Paracinema, Paul Verhoeven, Pauline Kael, Pearl White, Pedro Almodóvar, Peer-to-peer file sharing, Peter Jackson, Plan 9 from Outer Space, Post-structuralism, Postmodernism, Poughkeepsie Journal, Princeton University Press, Project MUSE, Quentin Tarantino, Ralph Bakshi, Recontextualisation, Reefer Madness, Robert Rodriguez, Roger Corman, Roger Ebert, Rolling Thunder Pictures, Rowman & Littlefield, Ruggero Deodato, Russ Meyer, S&P Global, SAGE Publications, San Francisco Chronicle, Savannah Morning News, Sexploitation film, Showgirls, Singin' in the Rain, Slasher film, Slate (magazine), Sleeper hit, Snakes on a Plane, Snuff film, Social media, Social norm, Socialist Review, Sponsored film, Star Wars, Steven Spielberg, Streets of Fire, Structuration theory, Studio system, Subculture, Sylvia Kristel, Taboo, Takashi Miike, Tampa Bay Times, The A.V. Club, The Atlantic, The Baltimore Sun, The Beastmaster, The Big Lebowski, The Blair Witch Project, The Boston Globe, The Cult Film Reader, The Daily Telegraph, The Globe and Mail, The Golden Turkey Awards, The Guardian, The Hollywood Reporter, The Honeymoon Killers, The Independent, The Lord of the Rings (film series), The Matrix (franchise), The Michigan Daily, The New York Sun, The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Night of the Hunter (film), The Oklahoman, The Philadelphia Inquirer, The Princess Bride (film), The Rocky Horror Picture Show, The Room (film), The Seattle Times, The Skinny (magazine), The Times-Picayune, The Vancouver Sun, The Village Voice, The Wizard of Oz (1939 film), Tim Curry, Time (magazine), TiVo Corporation, Toronto Star, Toronto Sun, Trace Beaulieu, Transgressive art, Tribune Broadcasting, Troma Entertainment, Turner Classic Movies, Twin Peaks, Twitter, Underground film, Universal Pictures, University of Minnesota Press, University of Nottingham, University of Oregon, Variety (magazine), Veoh, Video nasty, Video on demand, Viral marketing, Viral video, Why We Fight, William S. Hart, Wired (magazine), Word of mouth, WTIC-TV, Xavier Mendik, YouTube, 20th Century Fox. Expand index (243 more) » « Shrink index
ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.
Adrian Martin (born 1959) is an Australian film and arts critic.
Adweek is a weekly American advertising trade publication that was first published in 1978.
Akira (Japanese: アキラ Hepburn: Akira) is a 1988 Japanese animated post-apocalyptic science fiction film directed by Katsuhiro Otomo, produced by Ryōhei Suzuki and Shunzō Katō, and written by Otomo and Izo Hashimoto, based on Otomo's manga of the same name.
The Alamo Drafthouse Cinema is an American cinema chain founded in 1997 in Austin, Texas that is famous for its strict policy of requiring its audiences to maintain proper cinemagoing etiquette.
Alejandro Jodorowsky Prullansky (born 17 February 1929) is a Chilean-French filmmaker.
AllMovie (previously All Movie Guide) is an online guide service website with information about films, television programs, and screen actors.
Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
Animation is a dynamic medium in which images or objects are manipulated to appear as moving images.
Anime is a style of hand-drawn and computer animation originating in, and commonly associated with, Japan.
Anime and manga fandom (otherwise known as fan community) is a worldwide community of fans of anime and manga.
Anurag Kashyap (born 10 September 1972), is an Indian film director, writer, editor, producer and actor known for his works in Hindi cinema, He is the recipient of several accolades, including a National Film Award, and four Filmfare Awards.
An art film is typically a serious, independent film, aimed at a niche market rather than a mass market audience.
Arthur Knight (1916–1991) was a movie critic, film historian, professor and TV host.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Astroturfing is the practice of masking the sponsors of a message or organization (e.g., political, advertising, religious or public relations) to make it appear as though it originates from and is supported by a grassroots participant(s).
Attack of the Killer Tomatoes is a 1978 musical dark comedy horror film produced by J. Stephen Peace and John DeBello, and directed by John DeBello based upon an original idea by Costa Dillon.
An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called "readers"), theatre, music (in which they are called "listeners"), video games (in which they are called "players"), or academics in any medium.
An auteur ('author') is an artist, such as a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work.
A B movie or B film is a low-budget commercial movie, but not an arthouse film.
Back to the Future is a 1985 American science fiction film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Zemeckis and Bob Gale.
Backstage (aka Back Stage) is an entertainment-industry brand aimed at people working in film and the performing arts, with a special focus on casting, job opportunities, and career advice.
is a 2000 Japanese dystopian thriller film adapted from the 1999 novel of the same name by Koushun Takami.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
Berg Publishers was an academic publishing company based in Oxford, England that was founded in 1983 by Marion Berghahn.
Beyond the Valley of the Dolls is a 1970 American satirical musical melodrama film starring Dolly Read, Cynthia Myers, Marcia McBroom, Phyllis Davis, John LaZar, Michael Blodgett, and David Gurian.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
In the motion picture industry, a "box office bomb" or "box office flop" is a film that is considered highly unsuccessful or unprofitable during its theatrical run, often following significant hype regarding its cost, production, or marketing efforts.
Founded in 1999, Box Office Mojo tracks box office revenue in a systematic, algorithmic way, and publishes the data on its website.
Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel Dracula.
Bright Lights Film Journal is an online popular-academic film magazine, based in Oakland, California, United States.
The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), previously the British Board of Film Censors, is a non-governmental organization, founded by the film industry in 1912 and responsible for the national classification and censorship of films exhibited at cinemas and video works (such as television programmes, trailers, adverts, public Information/campaigning films, menus, bonus content etc.) released on physical media within the United Kingdom.
Camp is an aesthetic style and sensibility that regards something as appealing because of its bad taste and ironic value.
Cannabis culture describes a social atmosphere or series of associated social behaviors that depends heavily upon cannabis consumption, particularly as an entheogen, recreational drug and medicine.
Cannibal films, alternatively known as the cannibal genre or the cannibal boom, are a subgenre of exploitation film made predominantly by Italian filmmakers during the 1970s and 1980s.
Cannibal Holocaust is a 1980 Italian cannibal horror film directed by Ruggero Deodato and written by Gianfranco Clerici.
In fiction, canon is the material accepted as officially part of the story in the fictional universe of that story.
The Carroll County Times was founded on October 6, 1911, as The Times.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
The Chicago Reader, or Reader (stylized as ЯEADER), is an American alternative weekly newspaper in Chicago, Illinois, noted for its literary style of journalism and coverage of the arts, particularly film and theater.
China Tom Miéville (born 6 September 1972) is an English fantasy fiction author, comic writer, political activist and academic.
Chloë Stevens Sevigny (born November 18, 1974) is an American actress and model.
Christopher Allen Lloyd (born October 22, 1938) is an American actor, voice actor, and comedian. Lloyd came to public attention in Northeastern theater productions during the 1960s and early 1970s, earning an Obie Award and a Drama Desk Award for his work. He made his screen debut in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), and gained widespread recognition as Jim Ignatowski in the comedy series Taxi (1978–1983), for which he won two Emmy Awards. Lloyd also starred as Emmett "Doc" Brown in the ''Back to the Future'' trilogy, Judge Doom in Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), and Uncle Fester in The Addams Family (1991) and its sequel Addams Family Values (1993). Lloyd earned a third Emmy for his 1992 guest appearance in Road to Avonlea, and won an Independent Spirit Award for his performance in Twenty Bucks (1993). He has done extensive voice work, including Merlock in DuckTales the Movie (1990), Grigori Rasputin in Anastasia (1997), The Woodsman in Cartoon Network miniseries Over the Garden Wall (2014), and the Hacker in PBS Kids series Cyberchase (2002–present), which earned him two further Emmy nominations. He has also been nominated for two Saturn Awards and a BIFA Award.
The Cine-Excess International Film Festival and Convention is a UK film festival about cult films that features a themed conference, open discussions, and screenings.
Cineaste is an American quarterly film magazine that was established in 1967.
Cinema Journal is published by the University of Texas Press on behalf of the Society for Cinema and Media Studies (formerly the Society for Cinema Studies).
New Zealand cinema can refer to films made by New Zealand-based production companies in New Zealand.
The Cinema of Transgression is a term coined by Nick Zedd in 1985 to describe a New York City-based underground film movement, consisting of a loose-knit group of like-minded artists using shock value and humor in their work.
Cinephilia (also cinemaphilia or filmophilia) is the term used to refer to a passionate interest in films, film theory, and film criticism.
Art historians and philosophers of art have long had classificatory disputes about art regarding whether a particular cultural form or piece of work should be classified as art.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
Commodification is the transformation of goods, services, ideas and people into commodities, or objects of trade.
Coonskin is a 1975 American live action/animated crime film written and directed by Ralph Bakshi, about an African American rabbit, fox, and bear who rise to the top of the organized crime racket in Harlem, encountering corrupt law enforcement, con artists, and the Mafia.
, a contraction of the words costume play, is a hobby in which participants called cosplayers wear costumes and fashion accessories to represent a specific character.
A counterculture (also written counter-culture) is a subculture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, often in opposition to mainstream cultural mores.
Cry-Baby is a 1990 American teen musical romantic comedy film written and directed by John Waters.
A cult following is a group of fans who are highly dedicated to a work of culture, often referred to as a cult classic.
Cult Movies is a 1981 book by Danny Peary, consisting of a series of essays regarding what Peary described as the 100 most representative examples of the cult film phenomenon.
In sociology, cultural capital consists of the social assets of a person (education, intellect, style of speech and dress, etc.) that promote social mobility in a stratified society.
Danny Peary (born 1949) is an American film critic and sports writer.
David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946) is an American filmmaker, painter, musician, actor, and photographer.
Defamiliarization or ostranenie (p) is the artistic technique of presenting to audiences common things in an unfamiliar or strange way in order to enhance perception of the familiar.
Dell Publishing, an American publisher of books, magazines and comic books, was founded in 1921 by George T. Delacorte Jr. with $10,000, two employees and one magazine title, ''I Confess'', and soon began turning out dozens of pulp magazines, which included penny-a-word detective stories, articles about the movies, and romance books (or "smoochies" as they were known in the slang of the day).
The Deseret News is a newspaper published in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
Don Coscarelli, Jr. (born February 17, 1954) is a Libyan-American film director, producer and screenwriter best known for horror films.
Donnie Darko is a 2001 science fiction film written and directed by Richard Kelly.
Doris Wishman (June 1, 1912 – August 10, 2002) was an American film director, screenwriter and producer.
Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker.
A drive-in theater or drive-in cinema is a form of cinema structure consisting of a large outdoor movie screen, a projection booth, a concession stand and a large parking area for automobiles.
Dudeism is a religion, philosophy, or lifestyle inspired by "The Dude", the protagonist of the Coen Brothers' 1998 film The Big Lebowski.
Edward Davis Wood Jr. (October 10, 1924 – December 10, 1978) was an American filmmaker, actor, and author.
Edgar Howard Wright (born 18 April 1974) is an English director, screenwriter and producer.
Emmanuelle (1974) is the first installment in a series of French softcore pornography films directed by Just Jaeckin.
Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated as EW) is an American magazine, published by Meredith Corporation, that covers film, television, music, Broadway theatre, books and popular culture.
Ernest Mathijs (born 1968 or 1969) is a professor at the University of British Columbia, where he teaches film.
European art cinema is a branch of cinema that was popular in the 1960s.
Experimental film, experimental cinema or avant-garde cinema is a mode of filmmaking that rigorously re-evaluates cinematic conventions and explores non-narrative forms and alternatives to traditional narratives or methods of working.
An exploitation film is a film that attempts to succeed financially by exploiting current trends, niche genres, or lurid content.
Faces of Death (also released more recently as The Original Faces of Death) is a 1978 American mondo horror film directed by Conan LeCilaire and written by Alan Black.
Fan labor is a term used to refer to the productive creative activities engaged in by fans, primarily those of various media properties or musical groups.
Fandom is a subculture composed of fans characterized by a feeling of empathy and camaraderie with others who share a common interest.
Fantastic Planet (La Planète sauvage, Divoká planeta, lit. The Wild Planet) is a 1973 animated science fiction film directed by René Laloux and written by Laloux and Roland Topor.
A fanzine (blend of fan and magazine or -zine) is a non-professional and non-official publication produced by enthusiasts of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Film censorship is carried out by various countries to differing degrees, sometimes as a result of powerful or relentless lobbying by organizations or individuals.
A film festival is an organized, extended presentation of films in one or more cinemas or screening venues, usually in a single city or region.
A film genre is a motion picture category based on similarities in either the narrative elements or the emotional response to the film (namely, serious, comic, etc.). Most theories of film genre are borrowed from literary genre criticism.
Film Journal International is a motion-picture industry trade magazine published by the American company Prometheus Global Media.
Film Threat is an online publication, and earlier, a national magazine that focused primarily on independent film, although it also reviewed videos and DVDs of mainstream films, as well as Hollywood movies in theaters.
Flow is an online journal of television and media studies, published by the Department of Radio-TV-Film at the University of Texas at Austin.
In filmmaking, found footage is the use of footage as a found object, appropriated for use in collage films, documentary films, mockumentary films and other works.
François Roland Truffaut (6 February 1932 – 21 October 1984) was a French film director, screenwriter, producer, actor, and film critic, as well as one of the founders of the French New Wave.
Frank Russell Capra (born Francesco Rosario Capra; May 18, 1897September 3, 1991) was a Sicilian American film director, producer and writer who became the creative force behind some of the major award-winning films of the 1930s and 1940s.
Frank Henenlotter (born August 29, 1950 in New York City), is an American screenwriter, film director and film historian.
Fritz the Cat is a 1972 American adult animated comedy film written and directed by Ralph Bakshi.
Galaxy Quest is a 1999 American comic science fiction film directed by Dean Parisot and written by David Howard and Robert Gordon.
George Andrew Romero (February 4, 1940 – July 16, 2017) was an American-Canadian filmmaker, writer and editor, best known for his series of gruesome and satirical horror films about an imagined zombie apocalypse, beginning with Night of the Living Dead (1968), which is often considered a progenitor of the fictional zombie of modern culture.
George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur.
is a Japanese media franchise originally published as a seinen manga series of the same name written and illustrated by Masamune Shirow.
Glam rock is a style of rock that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s performed by musicians who wore outrageous costumes, makeup, and hairstyles, particularly platform shoes and glitter.
Grease is a 1978 American musical romantic comedy film based on the musical of the same name.
A grindhouse or action house is an American term for a theater that mainly shows exploitation films.
Heavenly Creatures is a 1994 New Zealand psychological drama directed by Peter Jackson, from a screenplay he co-wrote with his partner, Fran Walsh, about the notorious 1954 Parker–Hulme murder case in Christchurch, New Zealand.
Heavy Metal is a 1981 Canadian-American adult animated sci-fi-fantasy film directed by Gerald Potterton, produced by Ivan Reitman and Leonard Mogel, who also was the publisher of Heavy Metal magazine, which was the basis for the film, and starring the voices of Rodger Bumpass, Jackie Burroughs, John Candy, Joe Flaherty, Don Francks, Martin Lavut, Marilyn Lightstone, Eugene Levy, Alice Playten, Harold Ramis, Percy Rodriguez, Susan Roman, Richard Romanus, August Schellenberg, John Vernon, and Zal Yanovsky.
Hemp for Victory is a black-and-white United States government film made during World War II and released in 1942, explaining the uses of hemp, encouraging farmers to grow as much as possible.
High culture encompasses the cultural products of aesthetic value, which a society collectively esteem as exemplary art.
The hipster subculture is stereotypically composed of younger and middle-aged adults who reside primarily in gentrified neighborhoods.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Hong Kong action cinema is the principal source of the Hong Kong film industry's global fame.
I Spit on Your Grave (initially titled as Day of the Woman) is a 1978 American rape-and-revenge exploitation horror film written, directed, produced and edited by Meir Zarchi.
IFC (formerly known as the Independent Film Channel) is an American cable and satellite television channel that is owned by AMC Networks.
IGN (formerly Imagine Games Network) is an American video game and entertainment media company operated by IGN Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Ziff Davis wholly owned by j2 Global.
An independent film, independent movie, indie film or indie movie is a feature film that is produced outside the major film studio system, in addition to being produced and distributed by independent entertainment companies.
Intertextuality is the shaping of a text's meaning by another text.
It's a Wonderful Life is a 1946 American Christmas fantasy comedy-drama film produced and directed by Frank Capra, based on the short story and booklet The Greatest Gift, which Philip Van Doren Stern wrote in 1939 and published privately in 1945.
Italian neorealism (Neorealismo), also known as the Golden Age, is a national film movement characterized by stories set amongst the poor and the working class, filmed on location, frequently using non-professional actors.
James Byron Dean (February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955) was an American actor.
Japanese horror, known outside Japan as "J-horror", is Japanese horror fiction in popular culture, noted for its unique thematic and conventional treatment of the horror genre in light of western treatments.
Jean Michel Rollin Roth Le Gentil (3 November 193815 December 2010) was a French film director, actor, and novelist best known for his work in the fantastique genre.
Jess Franco (born Jesús Franco Manera; 12 May 1930 – 2 April 2013) was a Spanish filmmaker, composer, and actor, best known for his stylish exploitation films, directing around 160 feature films.
John Irving Bloom (born January 27, 1953), known by the stage name Joe Bob Briggs, is a syndicated American film critic, writer, and comic performer.
John Wilden Hughes Jr. (February 18, 1950 – August 6, 2009) was an American writer, director, and producer.
John Samuel Waters Jr. (born April 22, 1946) is an American film director, screenwriter, author, actor, stand-up comedian, journalist, visual artist, and art collector, who rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Jonathan Rosenbaum (born February 27, 1943) is an American film critic.
Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian.
Actress Judy Garland (1922–1969) is widely considered a gay icon.
Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Media is an online journal covering the analysis of film, television, video, and related media.
Knight Ridder (from Dutch ridder, knight) was an American media company, specializing in newspaper and Internet publishing.
KNTV, virtual channel 11 (VHF digital channel 12), branded as NBC Bay Area, is an NBC owned-and-operated television station licensed to San Jose, California, United States and serving the San Francisco Bay Area.
L'Osservatore Romano (Italian for "The Roman Observer") is the daily newspaper of Vatican City State which carries the Pope’s discourses and reports on the activities of the Holy See, reports on events taking place in the Church and the world, and many cultural articles.
Lad culture (also laddish culture and laddism) is a British subculture initially associated with the Britpop movement.
Leonard Gregory Kastle (February 11, 1929 – May 18, 2011) from the University at AlbanyGrimes, William (May 21, 2011).
Libertarianism (from libertas, meaning "freedom") is a collection of political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle.
A cult film, also commonly referred to as a cult classic, is a film with a cult following, obscure or unpopular with mainstream audiences, and often revolutionary or ironically enjoyed.
Stanley Lloyd Kaufman Jr. (born December 30, 1945) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and actor.
London College of Communication (LCC) (formerly the '''London School of Printing and Graphic Arts''' and then London College of Printing and, briefly, London College of Printing and Distributive Trades) is a constituent college of the University of the Arts London, located in Elephant and Castle.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
"Low culture" is a derogatory term for forms of popular culture that have mass appeal.
Mad Max is a 1979 Australian dystopian action film directed by George Miller, produced by Byron Kennedy, and starring Mel Gibson as "Mad" Max Rockatansky, Joanne Samuel, Hugh Keays-Byrne, Steve Bisley, Tim Burns, and Roger Ward.
Mainstream is current thought that is widespread.
In feminist theory, the male gaze is the act of depicting women and the world, in the visual arts and literature, from a masculine, heterosexual perspective that presents and represents women as sexual objects for the pleasure of the male viewer.
MaltaToday is a twice-weekly English language newspaper published in Malta.
Manchester University Press is the university press of the University of Manchester, England and a publisher of academic books and journals.
The Marx Brothers were an American family comedy act that was successful in vaudeville, on Broadway, and in motion pictures from 1905 to 1949.
Mary Woronov (born December 8, 1943) is an American actress, published author and figurative painter.
McFarland & Company, Inc. is an independent book publisher based in Jefferson, North Carolina that specializes in academic and reference works, as well as general interest adult nonfiction.
A metanarrative (also meta-narrative and grand narrative; métarécit) in critical theory and particularly in postmodernism is a narrative about narratives of historical meaning, experience, or knowledge, which offers a society legitimation through the anticipated completion of a (as yet unrealized) master idea.
Method acting is a range of training and rehearsal techniques that seek to encourage sincere and emotionally expressive performances, as formulated by a number of different theatre practitioners, principally in the United States, where it is among the most popular—and controversial—approaches to acting.
Metro is a free weekly newspaper published by the San Jose, California, based Metro Newspapers.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.
Michael S. Medved (born October 3, 1948) is an American radio show host, author, political commentator, and film critic.
The term midnight movie is rooted in the practice that emerged in the 1950s of local television stations around the United States airing low-budget genre films as late-night programming, often with a host delivering ironic asides.
Miracle on 34th Street (in the United Kingdom initially released as The Big Heart) is a 1947 American Christmas comedy-drama film written and directed by George Seaton and based on a story by Valentine Davies.
Monash University is a public research university based in Melbourne, Australia.
A mondo film (from the Italian word for "world") is an exploitation documentary film, sometimes resembling a pseudo-documentary and usually depicting sensational topics, scenes, or situations.
A moral panic is a feeling of fear spread among a large number of people that some evil threatens the well-being of society.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
Myra Breckinridge is a 1970 American comedy film based on Gore Vidal's 1968 novel of the same name.
Mystery Science Theater 3000 (MST3K) is an American television comedy series created by Joel Hodgson and produced by Alternaversal Productions, LLC.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
NBCUniversal, Inc. is an American multinational media conglomerate owned by Comcast, headquartered at Rockefeller Plaza's Comcast Building in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
Nick Zedd (born January 25, 1958) is an American filmmaker and author based in Mexico City.
Sir Norman Joseph Wisdom, (4 February 1915 – 4 October 2010) was an English actor, comedian, and singer-songwriter best known for a series of comedy films produced between 1953 and 1966 featuring his hapless onscreen character that was often called Norman Pitkin.
Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens (translated as Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror; or simply Nosferatu) is a 1922 German Expressionist horror film, directed by F. W. Murnau, starring Max Schreck as the vampire Count Orlok.
Nostalgia is a sentimentality for the past, typically for a period or place with happy personal associations.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Office Space is a 1999 American comedy film written and directed by Mike Judge.
The Ohio State University Press, founded in 1957, is the university press of The Ohio State University.
Oldboy is a 2003 South Korean neo-noir action film co-written and directed by Park Chan-wook.
The Omaha World-Herald is the primary newspaper serving the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area.
In phenomenology, the terms the Other and the Constitutive Other identify the other human being, in their differences from the Self, as being a cumulative, constituting factor in the self-image of a person; as their acknowledgement of being real; hence, the Other is dissimilar to and the opposite of the Self, of Us, and of the Same.
Palgrave Macmillan is an international academic and trade publishing company.
Paracinema is an academic term to refer to a wide variety of film genres out of the mainstream, bearing the same relationship to 'legitimate' film as paraliterature like comic books and pulp fiction bears to literature.
Paul Verhoeven (born 18 July 1938) is a Dutch director, screenwriter and film producer.
Pauline Kael (June 19, 1919 – September 3, 2001) was an American film critic who wrote for The New Yorker magazine from 1968 to 1991.
Pearl Fay White (March 4, 1889 – August 4, 1938) was an American stage and film actress.
Pedro Almodóvar Caballero (born 25 September 1949), credited professionally as Pedro Almodóvar, is a Spanish filmmaker, director, screenwriter, producer, and former actor.
Peer-to-peer file sharing is the distribution and sharing of digital media using peer-to-peer (P2P) networking technology.
Sir Peter Robert Jackson (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director, screenwriter and film producer.
Plan 9 from Outer Space (originally titled Grave Robbers from Outer Space) is a 1959 American independent black and white science fiction film, written, produced, directed, and edited by Ed Wood, that stars Gregory Walcott, Mona McKinnon, Tor Johnson and Vampira (Maila Nurmi).
Post-structuralism is associated with the works of a series of mid-20th-century French, continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to be known internationally in the 1960s and 1970s.
Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
The Poughkeepsie Journal is a newspaper based in Poughkeepsie, New York owned by the Gannett Company, which bought the paper in 1977.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Project MUSE, a non-profit collaboration between libraries and publishers, is an online database of peer-reviewed academic journals and electronic books.
Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American director, writer, and actor.
Ralph Bakshi (born October 29, 1938) is an American director of animated and live-action films.
Recontextualisation is a process that extracts text, signs or meaning from its original context (decontextualisation) in order to introduce it into another context.
Reefer Madness (originally made as Tell Your Children and sometimes titled as The Burning Question, Dope Addict, Doped Youth, and Love Madness) is a 1936 American propaganda film revolving around the melodramatic events that ensue when high school students are lured by pushers to try marijuana—from a hit and run accident, to manslaughter, suicide, attempted rape, hallucinations, and descent into madness due to marijuana addiction.
Robert Anthony Rodriguez (born June 20, 1968) is an American filmmaker.
Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926) is an American director, producer, and actor.
Roger Joseph Ebert (June 18, 1942 – April 4, 2013) was an American film critic, historian, journalist, screenwriter, and author.
Rolling Thunder Pictures was a short-lived film distribution company, set up under Miramax Films by Quentin Tarantino, that was headed by Jerry Martinez and Tarantino.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
Ruggero Deodato (born 7 May 1939) is an Italian film director, screenwriter, and actor.
Russell Albion Meyer (March 21, 1922 – September 18, 2004) was an American film director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, film editor, actor, and photographer.
S&P Global Inc. (prior to April 2016 McGraw Hill Financial, Inc., and prior to 2013 McGraw Hill Companies) is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in New York City.
SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.
The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.
The Savannah Morning News is a daily newspaper in Savannah, Georgia.
A sexploitation film (or "sex-exploitation film") is a class of independently produced, low-budget feature film that is generally associated with the 1960s, and that serves largely as a vehicle for the exhibition of non-explicit sexual situations and gratuitous nudity.
Showgirls is a 1995 French-American erotic drama film written by Joe Eszterhas and directed by Paul Verhoeven.
Singin' in the Rain is a 1952 American musical-romantic comedy film directed and choreographed by Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, starring Kelly, Donald O'Connor, and Debbie Reynolds.
A slasher film is a film in the sub-genre of horror films involving a violent psychopath stalking and murdering a group of people, usually by use of bladed tools.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
In the entertainment industry, a sleeper hit is a title (such as a book, film, song or game) that becomes successful, gradually, often with little promotion.
Snakes on a Plane is a 2006 American action thriller film directed by David R. Ellis and starring Samuel L. Jackson.
A snuff film, or snuff movie, is "a movie in a purported genre of movies in which a person is actually murdered or commits suicide".
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.
The Socialist Review is the monthly magazine of the British Socialist Workers Party.
Sponsored film, or ephemeral film, as defined by film archivist Rick Prelinger, is a film made by a particular sponsor for a specific purpose other than as a work of art: the films were designed to serve a specific pragmatic purpose for a limited time.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
Streets of Fire is a 1984 film directed by Walter Hill and co-written by Hill and Larry Gross.
The theory of structuration is a social theory of the creation and reproduction of social systems that is based in the analysis of both structure and agents (see structure and agency), without giving primacy to either.
The studio system (which was used during a period known as the Golden Age of Hollywood) is a method of film production and distribution dominated by a small number of "major" studios in Hollywood.
A subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the parent culture to which it belongs, often maintaining some of its founding principles.
Sylvia Maria Kristel (28 September 1952 17 October 2012) was a Dutch model and actress who appeared in over 50 films.
In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.
is a Japanese filmmaker.
The Tampa Bay Times, previously named the St.
The A.V. Club is an entertainment website featuring reviews, interviews, and other articles that examine films, music, television, books, games, and other elements of pop culture media.
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Baltimore Sun is the largest general-circulation daily newspaper based in the American state of Maryland and provides coverage of local and regional news, events, issues, people, and industries.
The Beastmaster is a 1982 sword and sorcery film directed by Don Coscarelli and starring Marc Singer, Tanya Roberts, John Amos and Rip Torn.
The Big Lebowski is a 1998 American crime comedy film written, produced, and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen.
The Blair Witch Project is a 1999 American supernatural horror film written, directed and edited by Daniel Myrick and Eduardo Sánchez.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Cult Film Reader is a 2008 book edited by Ernest Mathijs and Xavier Mendik.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Golden Turkey Awards is a 1980 book by film critic Michael Medved and his brother Harry.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hollywood Reporter (THR) is a multi-platform American digital and print magazine founded in 1930 and focusing on the Hollywood film industry, television, and entertainment industries, as well as Hollywood's intersection with fashion, finance, law, technology, lifestyle, and politics.
The Honeymoon Killers is a 1970 American crime film written and directed by Leonard Kastle, and starring Shirley Stoler and Tony Lo Bianco.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Lord of the Rings is a film series consisting of three high fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson.
The Matrix is a science fiction action media franchise created by The Wachowskis, about heroes who fight a desperate war against machine overlords that have enslaved humanity in an extremely sophisticated virtual reality system.
The Michigan Daily is the daily student newspaper of the University of Michigan.
The New York Sun was an American daily newspaper published in Manhattan from 2002 to 2008.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Night of the Hunter is a 1955 American thriller directed by Charles Laughton, and starring Robert Mitchum, Shelley Winters, and Lillian Gish.
The Oklahoman is the largest daily newspaper in Oklahoma and is the only regional daily that covers the Greater Oklahoma City area.
The Philadelphia Inquirer is a morning daily newspaper that serves the Philadelphia metropolitan area of the United States.
The Princess Bride is a 1987 American romantic comedy fantasy adventure film directed and co-produced by Rob Reiner, starring Cary Elwes, Robin Wright, Mandy Patinkin, Chris Sarandon, Wallace Shawn, André the Giant, and Christopher Guest.
The Rocky Horror Picture Show is a 1975 musical science-fiction horror-comedy film by 20th Century Fox produced by Lou Adler and Michael White and directed by Jim Sharman.
The Room is a 2003 American drama film written, directed, produced by and starring Tommy Wiseau, and co-starring Greg Sestero and Juliette Danielle.
The Seattle Times is a daily newspaper serving Seattle, Washington, United States.
The Skinny is a 72-page monthly and bi-monthly publication distributed in approximately 1,450 establishments throughout the cities of Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow in Scotland and Manchester, Liverpool and Leeds in the north of England.
The Times-Picayune is an American newspaper published in New Orleans, Louisiana, since January 25, 1837.
The Vancouver Sun is a daily newspaper first published in the Canadian province of British Columbia on 12 February 1912.
The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly.
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Timothy James Curry (born 19 April 1946) is an English actor, voice actor and singer.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
TiVo Corporation (formerly Rovi Corporation and Macrovision Solutions Corporation) is an American technology company.
The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper.
The Toronto Sun is an English-language daily newspaper published in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Trace Beaulieu (born November 6, 1958) is an American puppeteer, writer, and actor.
Transgressive art is art that aims to transgress; i.e. to outrage or violate basic morals and sensibilities.
Tribune Broadcasting Company, LLC is an American media company which operates as a subsidiary of Tribune Media, a media conglomerate based in Chicago, Illinois.
Troma Entertainment is an American independent film production and distribution company founded by Lloyd Kaufman and Michael Herz in 1974.
Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Turner Broadcasting System. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia. Historically, the channel's programming consisted mainly of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. Pictures (covering films released before 1950) and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (covering films released before May 1986). However, TCM now has licensing deals with other Hollywood film studios as well as its WarnerMedia sister company, Warner Bros. (which now controls the Turner Entertainment library and its own later films), and occasionally shows more recent films. The channel is available in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Malta, Latin America, France, Spain, the Nordic countries, the Middle East, Africa and Asia-Pacific.
Twin Peaks is an American mystery horror drama television series created by Mark Frost and David Lynch that premiered on April 8, 1990, on ABC.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
An underground film is a film that is out of the mainstream either in its style, genre, or financing.
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
The University of Minnesota Press is a university press that is part of the University of Minnesota.
The University of Nottingham is a public research university in Nottingham, United Kingdom.
The University of Oregon (also referred to as UO, U of O or Oregon) is a public flagship research university in Eugene, Oregon.
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.
Veoh is an Internet television company based in San Diego, California.
Video nasty is a colloquial term in the United Kingdom to refer to a number of films distributed on video cassette that were criticised for their violent content by the press, social commentators and various religious organisations.
Video on demand is a programming system which allows users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content such as movies and TV shows whenever they choose, rather than at a scheduled broadcast time, the method that prevailed with over-the-air programming during the 20th century.
Viral marketing or viral advertising is a business strategy that uses existing social networks to promote a product.
A viral video is a video that becomes popular through a viral process of Internet sharing, typically through video sharing websites, social media and email.
Why We Fight is a series of seven propaganda films commissioned by the United States government during World War II to justify to U.S. soldiers their country's involvement in the war.
William Surrey Hart (December 6, 1864 – June 23, 1946) was an American silent film actor, screenwriter, director and producer.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
Word of mouth or viva voce, is the passing of information from person to person by oral communication, which could be as simple as telling someone the time of day.
WTIC-TV, virtual channel 61 (UHF digital channel 31), is a television station licensed to Hartford, Connecticut and is the Fox affiliate for the Hartford–New Haven, Connecticut television market.
Xavier Mendik is an English documentary filmmaker, author, and festival director.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox.
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