91 relations: Agricultural science, Apomixis, Azalea, Binomial nomenclature, Botanical name, Botanical nomenclature, Budding, Cabbage, Camellia, Capitalization, Carl Linnaeus, Cauliflower, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Chimera (genetics), Cloning, Cornell University, Crop, Cryptomeria, Cultigen, Cultivar group, Cultivated plant taxonomy, Cutting (plant), Daylily, Division (horticulture), English language, Epithet, Ethics, Etymology, Europe, Forestry, Form (botany), Genera Plantarum, Genetically modified organism, Genetically modified tomato, Germplasm, Grafting, Granny Smith, Greek alphabet, Grex (horticulture), Historia Plantarum (Theophrastus), Horticulture, Hosta, Hybrid (biology), Indigen, International Association for Plant Taxonomy, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, International Cultivar Registration Authority, International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, Japanese language, ..., King Edward potato, Lactuca, Latin, Layering, Leucospermum glabrum, Leucospermum tottum, Liberty Hyde Bailey, List of garden plants, Lists of cultivars, Lumber, Malus, Micropropagation, Narcissus (plant), Neologism, New York (state), Ornamental plant, Patent, Phenotype, Pinus densiflora, Plant breeders' rights, Plant breeding, Plant propagation, Plant variety (law), Ploidy, Portmanteau, Portuguese language, Red Delicious, Rhododendron, Rose, Selective breeding, Spanish language, Species, Species Plantarum, Subspecies, Taxon, The Plantsman (magazine), Theophrastus, United States, Variety (botany), Vernacular, Witch's broom. Expand index (41 more) » « Shrink index
Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.
In botany, apomixis was defined by Hans Winkler as replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproduction, without fertilization.
Azaleas are flowering shrubs in the genus Rhododendron, particularly the former sections Tsutsuji (evergreen) and Pentanthera (deciduous).
Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.
A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen, the additional cultivar or Group epithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP).
Botanical nomenclature is the formal, scientific naming of plants.
Budding is a type of asexual reproduction in which a new organism develops from an outgrowth or bud due to cell division at one particular site.
Cabbage or headed cabbage (comprising several cultivars of Brassica oleracea) is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads.
Camellia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae.
Capitalisation, or capitalization,see spelling differences is writing a word with its first letter as a capital letter (upper-case letter) and the remaining letters in lower case in writing systems with a case distinction.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the family Brassicaceae.
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, known as Port Orford cedar or Lawson cypress, is a species of conifer in the genus Chamaecyparis, family Cupressaceae.
A genetic chimerism or chimera (also spelled chimaera) is a single organism composed of cells with distinct genotypes.
Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical individuals of an organism either naturally or artificially.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
A crop is a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.
Cryptomeria (literally "hidden parts") is a monotypic genus of conifer in the cypress family Cupressaceae, formerly belonging to the family Taxodiaceae.
A cultigen (from the Latin cultus – cultivated, and gens – kind) is a plant that has been deliberately altered or selected by humans; it is the result of artificial selection.
A Group (previously cultivar-groupInternational Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, 4th edition (1969), 5th edition (1980) and 6th edition (1995)) is a formal category in the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) used for cultivated plants that share a defined characteristic.
Cultivated plant taxonomy is the study of the theory and practice of the science that identifies, describes, classifies, and names cultigens—those plants whose origin or selection is primarily due to intentional human activity.
A plant cutting is a piece of a plant that is used in horticulture for vegetative (asexual) propagation.
A daylily is a flowering plant in the genus Hemerocallis.
Division, in horticulture and gardening, is a method of asexual plant propagation, where the plant (usually an herbaceous perennial) is broken up into two or more parts.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An epithet (from ἐπίθετον epitheton, neuter of ἐπίθετος epithetos, "attributed, added") is a byname, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a name and having entered common usage.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.
In botanical nomenclature, a form (forma, plural formae) is one of the "secondary" taxonomic ranks, below that of variety, which in turn is below that of species; it is an infraspecific taxon.
Genera Plantarum is a publication of Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778).
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).
A genetically modified tomato, or transgenic tomato, is a tomato that has had its genes modified, using genetic engineering.
Germplasm are living genetic resources such as seeds or tissues that are maintained for the purpose of animal and plant breeding, preservation, and other research uses.
Grafting or graftage is a horticultural technique whereby tissues of plants are joined so as to continue their growth together.
The Granny Smith is a tip-bearing apple cultivar, which originated in Australia in 1868.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
The term grex (pl. greges or grexes; abbreviation gx), derived from the Latin noun grex, gregis meaning 'flock', has been coined to expand botanical nomenclature to describe hybrids of orchids, based solely on their parentage.
Theophrastus's Enquiry into Plants or Historia Plantarum (Περὶ φυτῶν ἱστορία, Peri phyton historia) was, along with his mentor Aristotle's History of Animals, Pliny the Elder's Natural History and Dioscorides's De Materia Medica, one of the most important books of natural history written in ancient times, and like them it was influential in the Renaissance.
Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants (fruits, vegetables, flowers, and any other cultivar).
Hosta (syn. Funkia) is a genus of plants commonly known as hostas, plantain lilies (particularly in Britain) and occasionally by the Japanese name giboshi.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
In general usage the word indigen is treated as a variant of the word indigene, meaning a native.
The International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) promotes an understanding of plant biodiversity, facilitates international communication of research between botanists, and oversees matters of uniformity and stability in plant names.
The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names that are given to plants, fungi and a few other groups of organisms, all those "traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants".
The International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP), also known as the Cultivated Plant Code, is a guide to the rules and regulations for naming cultigens, plants whose origin or selection is primarily due to intentional human activity.
An International Cultivation Registration Authority (ICRA) is an organization responsible for ensuring that the name of plant cultivars and cultivar groups are defined and not duplicated.
The International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants or UPOV (Union internationale pour la protection des obtentions végétales) is an intergovernmental organization with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
King Edward is a potato variety grown in the UK since 1902, making it one of the oldest varieties still grown commercially.
Lactuca, commonly known as lettuce, is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Layering has evolved as a common means of vegetative propagation of numerous species in natural environments.
Leucospermum glabrum is an evergreen, rounded, upright shrub of up to 2½ m (8 ft) high, that is assigned to the Proteaceae family.
Leucospermum tottum is an upright, evergreen shrub of up to 1½ m (4½ ft) high and 2 m (6 ft) in diameter that is assigned to the Proteaceae.
Liberty Hyde Bailey (March 15, 1858 – December 25, 1954) was an American horticulturist and botanist who was cofounder of the American Society for Horticultural Science.
This is a partial list of garden plants, plants that can be cultivated in the garden, listed alphabetically by genus.
The lists of cultivars in the table below are indexes of plant cultivars, varieties, and strains.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
Malus is a genus of about 30–55 species of small deciduous trees or shrubs in the family Rosaceae, including the domesticated orchard apple (M. pumila syn. M. domestica) – also known as the eating apple, cooking apple, or culinary apple.
Micropropagation is the practice of rapidly multiplying stock plant material to produce a large number of progeny plants, using modern plant tissue culture methods.
Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring perennial plants of the Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis) family.
A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).
Pinus densiflora, also called, Japanese red Pine the Japanese pine or Korean red pine, has a home range that includes Japan, the Korean Peninsula, northeastern China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong) and the extreme southeast of Russia (southern Primorsky Krai).
Plant breeders' rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give the breeder exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.
Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics.
Plant propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources: seeds, cuttings and other plant parts.
Plant variety is a legal term, following the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) Convention.
Ploidy is the number of complete sets of chromosomes in a cell, and hence the number of possible alleles for autosomal and pseudoautosomal genes.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
The Red Delicious is a clone of apple cultigen, now comprising more than 50 cultivars, recognized in Madison County, Iowa, in 1880.
Rhododendron (from Ancient Greek ῥόδον rhódon "rose" and δένδρον déndron "tree") is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout the highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America.
A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.
Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Species Plantarum (Latin for "The Species of Plants") is a book by Carl Linnaeus, originally published in 1753, which lists every species of plant known at the time, classified into genera.
In biological classification, the term subspecies refers to a unity of populations of a species living in a subdivision of the species’s global range and varies from other populations of the same species by morphological characteristics.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
The Plantsman, published quarterly by the Royal Horticultural Society, is a 68-page magazine "dedicated to a deeper understanding and appreciation of garden plants." Its authoritative articles are written by acknowledged experts on plant-related subjects, including plant profiles, horticulture, botany and the development of garden plants, focusing on ornamental plants grown in temperate gardens.
Theophrastus (Θεόφραστος Theόphrastos; c. 371 – c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos,Gavin Hardy and Laurence Totelin, Ancient Botany, 2015, p. 8.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
In botanical nomenclature, variety (abbreviated var.; in varietas) is a taxonomic rank below that of species and subspecies but above that of form.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Witch's broom or witches' broom is a deformity in a woody plant, typically a tree, where the natural structure of the plant is changed.