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Aceh; (Acehnese: Acèh; Jawoë:; Dutch: Atjeh or Aceh) is a province of Indonesia.
Adobo or Adobar (Spanish: marinade, sauce, or seasoning) is the immersion of raw food in a stock (or sauce) composed variously of paprika, oregano, salt, garlic, soy sauce and vinegar to preserve and enhance its flavor.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Traditionally, the various cuisines of Africa use a combination of locally available fruits, cereal grains and vegetables, as well as milk and meat products, and do not usually get food imported.
Afrikaners are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Aleurites moluccanus (or moluccana), the candlenut, is a flowering tree in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, also known as candleberry, Indian walnut, kemiri, varnish tree, nuez de la India, buah keras, or kukui nut tree, and Kekuna tree.
Anglo-Indian cuisine is the cuisine that developed during the British Raj in India, as the British wives interacted with their Indian cooks.
Anise (Pimpinella anisum), also called aniseed, is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia.
Apicius is a collection of Roman cookery recipes, usually thought to have been compiled in the 1st century AD and written in a language that is in many ways closer to Vulgar than to Classical Latin; later recipes using Vulgar Latin (such as ficatum, bullire) were added to earlier recipes using Classical Latin (such as iecur, fervere).
An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).
The Arabian Sea, also known as Sea of Oman, is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the east by India.
Aurangabad (is a city in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state in India. The city is a tourism hub, surrounded by many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara and Panchakki. The administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division or Marathwada region, Aurangabad is titled "The City of Gates" and the strong presence of these can be felt as one drives through the city. The city was founded in 1610 by Malik Amber. Aurangabad is the Tourism Capital of Maharashtra. Aurangabad is the fifth largest city in Maharashtra.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Avial (wikt:അവിയല്, pronounced) is a dish which is believed to have been originated from South India and is common in Kerala and Udupi cuisine.
Balōchistān (بلوچستان; also Balūchistān or Balūchestān, often interpreted as the Land of the Baloch) is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Bangladeshi cuisine (বাংলাদেশের রান্না) is the national cuisine of Bangladesh.
Béchamel sauce (Béchamel besciamella or Beixamel Catalan or Bechamelsaus in Dutch, etc.-->), also known as white sauce, is made from a white roux (butter and flour) and milk.
Beef is the culinary name for meat from cattle, particularly skeletal muscle.
The Bengal Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Bengali cuisine is a culinary style originating in Bengal, a region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, which is now divided between Bangladesh and the West Bengal state of India.
The Bhut jolokia (IPA), also known as ghost pepper, ghost chili, U-morok, red naga, naga jolokia, and ghost jolokia, is an interspecific hybrid chili pepper cultivated in the Northeast Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Biryani, also known as biriyani, biriani, birani or briyani, ¨spicy rice¨ is a South Asian mixed rice dish with its origins among the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.
Bokkeum-bap or fried rice is a Korean dish made by stir-frying bap (cooked rice) with other ingredients in oil.
Brassica nigra, the black mustard, is an annual plant cultivated for its black or dark brown seeds, which are commonly used as a spice.
Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking.
Brick Lane (Bengali: ব্রিক লেন) is a street in east London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.
Brisket is a cut of meat from the breast or lower chest of beef or veal.
British Bangladeshis (ব্রিটিশ বাংলাদেশি) are people of Bangladeshi origin who have attained citizenship in the United Kingdom, through immigration and historical naturalisation.
British cuisine is the set of cooking traditions and practices associated with the United Kingdom.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Bunny chow, often referred to as a bunny, is a South African fast food dish consisting of a hollowed out loaf of bread filled with curry.
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
Butter chicken or murgh makhani (Hindi: मुर्ग़ मक्खनी) is a dish, from the Indian subcontinent, of chicken in a mildly spiced curry sauce.
Buttermilk refers to a number of dairy drinks.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Cape Malays are an ethnic group or community in South Africa.
Cardamom, sometimes cardamon or cardamum, is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae.
The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour, though purple, black, red, white, and yellow cultivars exist.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
Celery (Apium graveolens) is a marshland plant in the family Apiaceae that has been cultivated as a vegetable since antiquity.
Celosia is a small genus of edible and ornamental plants in the amaranth family, Amaranthaceae.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
A cha chaan teng (literally: 'tea restaurant') is a type of restaurant commonly found in Hong Kong, Macau and parts of Guangdong.
Chapati (alternatively spelled chapatti, chappati, chapathi, or chappathi), also known as roti, safati, shabaati, phulka and (in the Maldives) roshi, is an unleavened flatbread from the Indian Subcontinent and staple in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, East Africa and the Caribbean.
Charles Elmé Francatelli (1805–10 August 1876) was an Italian British cook, known for his cookery books popular in the Victorian era.
Chatto & Windus was an important publisher of books in London, founded in the Victorian era.
Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
Chicken is the most common type of poultry in the world.
Chicken curry is a common delicacy in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, as well as in the Caribbean (specifically Trinidad, where it is usually referred to as curry chicken).
Chicken tikka masala is a dish of chunks of roasted marinated chicken (chicken tikka) in a spiced curry sauce.
The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
The chili pepper (also chile pepper, chilli pepper, or simply chilli) from Nahuatl chīlli) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. They are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids. Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine. Worldwide in 2014, 32.3 million tonnes of green chili peppers and 3.8 million tonnes of dried chili peppers were produced. China is the world's largest producer of green chillies, providing half of the global total.
Chili pepper paste usually refers to a paste where the main ingredient is chili pepper.
Chinese Singaporeans or Singaporean Chinese are people of full or partial Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who hold Singaporean nationality.
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.
Clarissa Theresa Philomena Aileen Mary Josephine Agnes Elsie Trilby Louise Esmerelda Dickson Wright (24 June 1947 – 15 March 2014) was an English celebrity chef, television personality, writer, businesswoman, and former barrister.
Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
Coconut milk is the liquid that comes from the grated meat of a mature coconut.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.
Cooked rice refers to rice that has been cooked either by steaming or boiling.
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), also known as cilantro or Chinese parsley, is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae.
The Coromandel Coast is the southeastern coast region of the Indian subcontinent, bounded by the Utkal Plains to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Kaveri delta to the south, and the Eastern Ghats to the west, extending over an area of about 22,800 square kilometres.
Coronation chicken is a combination of precooked cold chicken meat, herbs and spices, and a creamy mayonnaise-based sauce.
Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization.
Guyanese culture reflects the influence of African, Indian, Amerindian, British, Portuguese, Chinese, and Dutch cultures.
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to a territory including Middle East and stretching east to India.
The Curry Awards is an award given to curry restaurants in the United Kingdom, which have achieved "total excellence" in all departments by The Curry Club in association with its publication, The Good Curry Guide.
is a popular Japanese food.
Curry powder is a spice mix originating from the Indian subcontinent.
The curry tree (Murraya koenigii) is a tropical to sub-tropical tree in the family Rutaceae (the rue family, which includes rue, citrus, and satinwood), which is native to India and Sri Lanka.
Currywurst is a fast food dish of German origin consisting of steamed, then fried pork sausage (Bratwurst) typically cut into slices and seasoned with curry ketchup, a sauce based on spiced ketchup or tomato paste, itself topped with curry powder, or a ready-made ketchup seasoned with curry and other spices.
Cymbopogon, better known as lemongrass, is a genus of Asian, African, Australian, and tropical island plants in the grass family.
Curd (Hindi दही dahi, Bengali দই doi) is a traditional fermented milk product usually prepared from cow milk, and sometimes buffalo milk, or goat milk.
Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.
Dal (also spelled daal, dail, dhal; pronunciation) is a term in the Indian subcontinent for dried, split pulses (that is, lentils, peas, and beans).
Dal bhat (दालभात, ডাল ভাত, દાળ ભાત, डाळ भात, দাইল ভাত dail bhat / ডালি ভাত dali bhat) is a traditional meal from the Indian subcontinent, popular in many areas of Nepal, Bangladesh and India.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
Dhansak is a popular Indian dish, originating among the Parsi Zoroastrian community.
Dopiaza (Persian: دوپیازه meaning "two onions") is an Afghan dish.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
Eggplant (Solanum melongena) or aubergine is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English cuisine encompasses the cooking styles, traditions and recipes associated with England.
Ethiopian cuisine (የኢትዮጵያ ምግብ) characteristically consists of vegetable and often very spicy meat dishes.
Faber and Faber Limited, often abbreviated to Faber, is an independent publishing house in the United Kingdom.
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family.
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an annual plant in the family Fabaceae, with leaves consisting of three small obovate to oblong leaflets.
Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
Many species of fish are consumed as food in virtually all regions around the world.
Fish balls are a common food in southern China, Hong Kong, Macau, Southeast Asia and overseas Chinese communities.
Fish curry may refer to.
Fish sauce is a condiment made from fish coated in salt and fermented from weeks to up to two years.
A fishcake (sometimes written as fish cake) is a food item similar to a croquette, consisting of filleted fish or other seafood with potato patty, sometimes coated in breadcrumbs or batter, and fried.
French fries (North American English), chips (British and Commonwealth English), finger chips (Indian English), or French-fried potatoes are ''batonnet'' or allumette-cut deep-fried potatoes.
Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.
Fusion cuisine is cuisine that combines elements of different culinary traditions.
Galangal (pronunciation /ˈɡal(ə)ŋɡal/, U.S. /) is a common name for several tropical rhizomatous spices.
Garam masala (गरम मसाला;; گرم مصالحہ; গরম মসলা garam ("hot") and masala (a mixture of spices)) is a blend of ground spices common in cuisines from the Indian subcontinent.
Garcinia is a plant genus of the family Clusiaceae native to Asia, America, Australia, tropical and southern Africa, and Polynesia.
Garcinia atroviridis, known as asam gelugur, asam gelugo, or asam keping (in Malay, ส้มแขก) is a large rainforest tree native to peninsular Malaysia.
Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.
The cuisine of Germany has evolved as a national cuisine through centuries of social and political change with variations from region to region.
Ghee is a class of clarified butter that originated from the Indian subcontinent.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.
Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.
Goulash (gulyás) is a soup of meat and vegetables, seasoned with paprika and other spices.
Gram flour or chickpea flour or besan (बेसन; ပဲမှုန့်; بيسن), is a pulse flour made from a variety of ground chickpea known as Bengal gram.
Gravy is a sauce often made from the juices of meats that run naturally during cooking and thickened with wheat flour or cornstarch for added texture.
Green curry (แกงเขียวหวาน,,, literally sweet green curry) is a central Thai variety of curry.
Gulai is a type of food containing rich, spicy and succulent curry-like sauce commonly found in Indonesia and Malaysia.
Hannah Glasse (Allgood; March 1708 – 1 September 1770) was an English cookery writer of the 18th century.
In general use, herbs are plants with savory or aromatic properties that are used for flavoring and garnishing food, in medicine, or as fragrances.
Hikayat Amir Hamzah is a Malay literary work that chronicles the hero by the name Amir Hamzah.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
The Hindoostane Coffee House was the first Indian restaurant in the United Kingdom.
Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Illicium verum is a medium-sized evergreen tree native to northeast Vietnam and southwest China.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
An indenture is a legal contract that reflects or covers a debt or purchase obligation.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian cuisine consists of a wide variety of regional and traditional cuisines native to the Indian subcontinent.
Indian South Africans are citizens and residents of South Africa of Indian descent.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
Indo-Guyanese are Guyanese people with heritage from the Indian subcontinent.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Injipuli is a dark brown sweet-sour and spicy Keralite curry made of ginger, tamarind, green chillies and jaggery.
Iranian cuisine comprises the cooking traditions of Iran.
Isabella Mary Beeton (Mayson; 14 March 1836 – 6 February 1865), also known as Mrs Beeton, was an English journalist, editor and writer.
The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, fenne, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae) native to southwest India.
Jaggery is a traditional non-centrifugal cane sugar consumed in Asia, Africa and some countries in the Americas.
Jalfrezi (also jhal frezi, zalfrezi, zalfraizi, jaffrazi, and many other alternative spellings) is a dish originating in the Indian subcontinent, popular in Bangladeshi cuisine and Indian cuisine that involves frying marinated pieces of meat, fish or vegetables in oil and spices to produce a dry, thick sauce.
Jamaican cuisine includes a mixture of cooking techniques, flavours, spices and influences from the indigenous people on the island of Jamaica, and the Spanish, Irish, British, Africans, Indian and Chinese who have inhabited the island.
Kaalan (കാളന്) is a Keralite (south India) dish made of yogurt, coconut and one vegetable like nendran plantain or a tuber like yam.
Kadhi or karhi is a dish originating from the Indian subcontinent.
kaeng hang le (แกงฮังเล) is a Northern Thai curry dish.
Kaeng som or gaeng som (แกงส้ม) or Thai sour curry is a sour and spicy fish curry or soup with vegetables popular in central Thailand.
Citrus hystrix, called the kaffir lime, makrut lime or Mauritius papeda, is a citrus fruit native to tropical Asia, including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
Kaldereta or caldereta is a goat meat stew from the Philippines.
A karahi (कड़ाही kaṛāhī, کڑاہی; also kadai, kerahi, korai, karai, kadhi, kadahi, kadhai or cheena chatti) is a type of thick, circular, and deep cooking-pot (similar in shape to a wok) that originated in the Indian subcontinent.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
Kebabs (also kabobs or kababs) are various cooked meat dishes, with their origins in Middle Eastern cuisine.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Khandesh (Marathi:खानदेश) is a geographic region in Central India, which forms the northwestern portion of Maharashtra state.
Khao soi or khao soy (ข้าวซอย,; ເຂົ້າຊອຍ, Burmese: အုန်းနို့ခေါက်ဆွဲ ʔóʊɴ no̰ kʰaʊʔ sʰwɛ́) is a Chin Haw dish served widely in Myanmar (known as: ohn no khao swè), Laos and northern Thailand.
Kheer or Kiru (Maldivian: ކިރު) is a rice pudding from the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent, made by boiling rice, broken wheat, tapioca, or vermicelli with milk and sugar; it is flavoured with cardamom, raisins, saffron, cashews, pistachios or almonds.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (abbreviated as KP; خیبر پختونخوا; خیبر پښتونخوا) is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan.
Kichadi is a sour Malayali curry made of curd, ground cumin paste and either cucumber, ash gourd or white gourd, with sautéed mustard seeds and curry leaves as garnish.
Kofta is a family of meatball or meatloaf dishes found in South Asian, Middle Eastern, Balkan, and Central Asian cuisines.
Koottukari or Koottu curry is a prominent dish in the "Sadhya" of Kerala, south India.
Korma is a dish originating in the Indian subcontinent, consisting of meat or vegetables braised with yogurt (dahi) or cream, water or stock, and spices to produce a thick sauce or glaze.
Korokke (コロッケ) is the Japanese name for a deep-fried dish originally related to a French dish, the croquette.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
KwaZulu-Natal (also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden province") is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu ("Place of the Zulu" in Zulu) and Natal Province were merged.
Laal maans (Hindi: लाल मांस; lit. "red mutton") is a meat curry from Rajasthan, India.
The lentil (Lens culinaris or Lens esculenta) is an edible pulse.
Lentil soup is a soup based on lentils; it may be vegetarian or include meat, and may use brown, red, yellow or black lentils, with or without the husk.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Borough of Tower Hamlets is a London Borough in East London which covers much of the traditional East End.
Luffa aegyptiaca, the sponge gourd, Egyptian cucumber, or Vietnamese luffa, is a species of Luffa cultivated for its fruit.
Madhur Jaffrey, CBE (born Bahadur, 13 August 1933) is an Indian-born actress, food and travel writer, and television personality.
Madras curry or Madras sauce is a fairly hot curry sauce (with the exception of seafood madras curries, which are made to a slightly different recipe), red in colour and with heavy use of chili powder.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
The Malayali people or Keralite people (also spelt Malayalee, Malayalam script: മലയാളി and കേരളീയൻ) are an Indian ethnic group originating from the present-day state of Kerala, located in South India.
The Malaysian Chinese consist of people of full or partial Chinese—particularly Han Chinese—ancestry who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia.
Maldive fish (Dhivehi: ވަޅޯމަސް) is cured tuna fish traditionally produced in Maldives.
The Maldives (or; ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ Dhivehi Raa'jey), officially the Republic of Maldives, is a South Asian sovereign state, located in the Indian Ocean, situated in the Arabian Sea.
Mas riha is a fish curry of the Maldivian cuisine.
Massaman curry (มัสมั่น) is a rich, relatively mild Thai curry.
Mechado is a beef dish originating from Spain.
The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Since 1945, immigration to the United Kingdom under British nationality law has been significant, in particular from the Republic of Ireland and from the former British Empire especially India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Caribbean, South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and Hong Kong.
Mohenjo-daro (موئن جو دڙو, meaning 'Mound of the Dead Men'; موئن جو دڑو) is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.
Moringa oleifera is the most widely cultivated species in the genus Moringa, the only genus in the plant family Moringaceae.
Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management, also published as Mrs Beeton's Cookery Book, is an extensive guide to running a household in Victorian Britain, edited by Isabella Beeton and first published as a book in 1861.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
The term mustard oil is used for two different oils that are made from mustard seeds.
Mustard seeds are the small round seeds of various mustard plants.
Mutton curry (also referred to as kosha mangsho, Goat curry and lamb curry) is an Indian curry dish that is prepared from mutton and vegetables Railway mutton curry is a variation of the dish that originated during the British India.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nan gyi thohk, (နန်းကြီးသုပ်; also spelt Nangyi thoke or Nangyi thohk) is an a thoke salad dish in Burmese cuisine made with thick round rice noodles mixed with specifically prepared chicken curry.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
Nepalese cuisine comprises a variety of cuisines based upon ethnicity, soil and climate relating to Nepal's cultural diversity and geography.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Newa cuisine (also referred to as Newar cuisine) is a subset of Nepalese cuisine that has developed over centuries among the Newars of Kathmandu (Kathmandu is called Yen in Nepal bhasa language), Nepal.
Newar (नेवार; endonym: Newa:; नेवा), or Nepami, are the historical inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic heritage and civilisation.
Noodles are a staple food in many cultures.
North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.
North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica.
is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.
Okra or okro, known in many English-speaking countries as ladies' fingers or ochro, is a flowering plant in the mallow family.
Olan (pronounced) is a dish that is part of the Kerala cuisine of the state of Kerala in South India.
The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.
Opor ayam is a dish consisting of chicken cooked in coconut milk from Indonesia, especially from Central Java.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
Ottogi Co, Ltd. (Korean: 주식회사 오뚜기) is a South Korean food company headquartered in Daechi-dong Gangnam-gu, Seoul, and Pyeongchon-dong, Dongan-gu, Anyang, Gyeonggi-do.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pachadi (పచ్చడి, பச்சடி, പച്ചടി) refers to a traditional South Indian raita served as a side dish.
Padang food or Minang food is the cuisine of the Minangkabau people of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
A papadum is a thin, crisp, disc-shaped food from the Indian subcontinent; typically based on a seasoned dough usually made from peeled black gram flour (urad flour), either fried or cooked with dry heat (usually flipping it over an open flame).
Pasanda (پسندہ) is a popular meat dish from the Indian subcontinent, notably North Indian, Hyderabadi and Pakistani, derived from a meal served in the court of the Mughal emperors.
Patrick Lawrence Chapman (born 20 December 1940) is an English food writer, broadcaster and author, best known for founding The Curry Club.
Pathia is an ancient Parsi form of curry from Persia, predominantly available in the curry houses of the United Kingdom.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Peshawar (پېښور; پشاور; پشور) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Phall (sometimes spelled fall, faal, fahl, phaal, phal or paal) is a British Asian curry dish, which originated in British Bangladeshi restaurants in Birmingham, UK.
Phanaeng (พะแนง), also spelled phanang and other variants) is a type of red Thai curry that is thick, salty and sweet, with a nutty peanut flavor. The earliest known mention of phanaeng appears in Mom Somchin Rachanupraphan's book Tamra Kap Khao (ตำรากับเข้า), published in 1890 (2441 BE, 109 RE) A popular phanaeng curry dish is beef phanaeng. For vegetarians and vegans, there are vegetarian/vegan alternatives for shrimp paste called kapi chae in Thai, and the fish sauce can be substituted with a strong vegetable stock or soy sauce. Tofu can be used in place of meat. In Thailand, this curry is usually eaten with rice.
Phá lấu (from) is a Vietnamese dish of southern Chinese origin, made from pork meat and offal that is braised in a spiced stock (with curry powder sometimes added).
Poppy seed is an oilseed obtained from the poppy (Papaver somniferum).
Pork is the culinary name for meat from a domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus).
Despite being relatively restricted to an Atlantic sustenance, Portuguese cuisine has many Mediterranean influences.
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.
A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round, with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and deep yellow to orange coloration.
Puran poli, also known as holige in Kannada, is an Indian sweet flatbread from many regions of India as evident by the names below.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Rājmā (ਰਾਜਮਾ), (राजमा) or Rāzmā is a popular vegetarian dish, originating from the Indian subcontinent, consisting of red kidney beans in a thick gravy with many Indian whole spices and usually served with rice.
is a Japanese dish.
Rasam, chaaru, saaru or kabir is a South Indian soup, traditionally prepared using tamarind juice as a base, with the addition of tomato, chili pepper, pepper, cumin and other spices as seasonings.
Red curry (แกงเผ็ด;,, lit: spicy soup) is a popular Thai dish consisting of red curry paste cooked in coconut milk with meat added, such as chicken, beef, pork, duck or shrimp, or vegetarian protein source such as tofu.
Rendang is a spicy meat dish which originated from Indonesia, especially the ethnic group of Minangkabau people, and is now commonly served across the country.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Rice and curry is a popular dish in the Southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, as well as in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
Rogan josh (British English /ˌrəʊɡən ˈdʒəʊʃ/, American English /ˌroʊɡən ˈdʒoʊʃ/),, Oxford Learners' Dictionary also written roghan josh or roghan ghosht, is an aromatic lamb or goat meat dish of Persian or Kashmiri origin, which is one of the signature recipes of Kashmiri cuisine.
Rose water (گلاب; golāb) is a flavoured water made by steeping rose petals in water.
Roti (also known as chapati) is a flatbread native to the Indian subcontinent made from stoneground wholemeal flour, traditionally known as atta, and water that is combined into a dough.
Roti canai (pronunciation: tʃanai), also known as roti cane (tʃane) or roti prata, is an Indian-influenced flatbread dish found in several countries in Asia, including Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and Singapore.
Roux is flour and fat cooked together and used to thicken sauces.
Sadhya (സദ്യ) is a feast consisting of a variety of traditional vegetarian dishes usually served on a banana leaf in Kerala, India.
Sake Dean Mahomed was a Bengali Anglo-Indian traveller, surgeon and entrepreneur who was one of the most notable early non-European immigrants to the Western World.
was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate under which relations and trade between Japan and other countries were severely limited, nearly all foreigners were barred from entering Japan, and common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country for a period of over 220 years.
Sambar, also spelled sambhar or sambaar, and pronounced saambaar, is a lentil-based vegetable stew or chowder cooked with a tamarind broth originating from the present-day Tamil Nadu, India.
Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa (Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa; Sāmoa) and, until 4 July 1997, known as Western Samoa, is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans.
Shrimp curry (caril de camarão) is a typical dish of the Thai cuisine of Thailand, which once formed part of the, and the cooking of Mozambique too.
Shrimp paste or shrimp sauce is a fermented condiment commonly used in Southeast Asian, Northeastern South Asian and Southern Chinese cuisines.
Sindh (سنڌ; سِندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, in the southeast of the country.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South Asian cuisine includes the cuisines from South Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) comprising the traditional cuisines from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the Maldives and when included in the definition, also that of Afghanistan.
South Asian pickles are foods pickled from certain varieties of vegetables and fruits, finely chopped and marinated in brine or edible oils along with various Indian spices.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.
Spice mixes are blended spices or herbs.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
The sultana is a "white" (pale green), oval seedless grape variety also called the sultanina, Thompson Seedless (United States), Lady de Coverly (England), and oval-fruited Kishmish (Iran, Turkey, Israel, Palestine).
Sundubu-jjigae or soft tofu stew is a jjigae (Korean stew) in Korean cuisine.
Sylhet (সিলেট, ꠍꠤꠟꠐ), also known as Jalalabad, the spiritual capital; is a metropolitan city in northeastern Bangladesh.
Sylhet (সিলেট, ꠍꠤꠟꠐ), located in north-east Bangladesh, is one of the four districts in the Sylhet Division.
Sylhet Division (সিলেট বিভাগ, ꠍꠤꠟꠐ ꠛꠤꠜꠣꠉ), also known as Greater Sylhet, is the northeastern division of Bangladesh, named after its main city, Sylhet.
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae indigenous to tropical Africa.
Tamil cuisine is a cuisine native to the Tamil people who are native to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and northern Sri Lanka.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
The term tandoor refers to a variety of ovens, the most commonly known is a cylindrical clay or metal oven used in cooking and baking.
Tempering is a cooking technique used in the cuisines of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, in which whole spices (and sometimes also other ingredients such as dried chillies, minced ginger root or sugar) are roasted briefly in oil or ghee to liberate essential oils from cells and thus enhance their flavours, before being poured, together with the oil, into a dish.
The Teochew people (also known as Tiê-Chiu in romanized Teochew, Chaozhou in Mandarin, and Chiuchow in Cantonese) are a Han Chinese native to the historical Chaozhou prefecture (now the Chaoshan region) of eastern Guangdong province.
Thai of Chinese origin, often called Thai Chinese, consist of Thai people of full or partial Chinese ancestry – particularly Han Chinese.
Thai, Central Thai, or Siamese, is the national and official language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority Thai of Chinese origin.
The Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy is a cookbook by Hannah Glasse (1708–1770) first published in 1747.
The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.
The British Curry Awards is an annual awards dinner dedicated to the British curry industry.
The Curry Club was founded by Pat Chapman in 1982, to further the understanding and appreciation of the cuisines of the Indian subcontinent and now has a membership of several thousand.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Korea Herald is a daily English-language newspaper founded in 1953 and published in Seoul, South Korea.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Thecha is a spicy condiment prepared across the states of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and parts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
Thoran (തോരൻ, pronounced; or upperi in Malabar) is a coconut-based vegetable Keralite dish.
Tibetan cuisine includes the culinary traditions and practices of Tibet and its peoples, many of whom reside in India and Nepal.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Tonga (Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited.
, is a Japanese dish which consists of a breaded, deep-fried pork cutlet.
Trichosanthes cucumerina is a tropical or subtropical vine, its variety T. cucumerina var.
Trinidad and Tobago cuisine is indicative of the blends of African, Amerindian, British, Creole, French, Indian and Spanish influences.
Tteok (떡) is a class of Korean rice cakes made with steamed flour made of various grains, including glutinous or non-glutinous rice.
Tteok-bokki or stir-fried rice cakes is a popular Korean food made from small-sized garae-tteok (long, white, cylinder-shaped rice cakes) called tteokmyeon ("rice cake noodles") or commonly tteok-bokki-tteok ("tteok-bokki rice cakes").
A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a sub-grouping of the mackerel family (Scombridae).
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial flowering plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.
is a type of thick wheat flour noodle, used frequently in Japanese cuisine.
An umbrella term is a word or phrase that covers a wide range of concepts belonging to a common category.
Undhiyu is a Gujarati mixed vegetable dish that is a regional specialty of Surat, India.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
The Vedic period, or Vedic age, is the period in the history of the northwestern Indian subcontinent between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation in the central Gangetic Plain which began in BCE.
Veeraswamy is an Indian restaurant in London, located at 99-101 Regent Street.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
Vidarbha is the eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur Division and Amravati Division.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Vigna mungo, black gram, urad bean, minapa pappu, mungo bean or black matpe bean (māṣa) is a bean grown in the Indian subcontinent.
Vindaloo is an Indian curry dish popular in the region of Goa, the surrounding Konkan, and many other parts of India.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.
Wat, we̠t’, wot (ወጥ) or tsebhi (ጸብሒ) is an Ethiopian and Eritrean stew or curry that may be prepared with chicken, beef, lamb, a variety of vegetables, spice mixtures such as berbere, and niter kibbeh, a seasoned clarified butter.
Wazwan is a multi-course meal in Kashmiri cuisine, the preparation of which is considered an art and a point of pride in Kashmiri culture and identity.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
The Western Cape (Wes-Kaap, Ntshona Koloni) is a province of South Africa, situated on the south-western coast of the country.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
Worcestershire sauce is a fermented liquid condiment of complex mixture originally created in England by the Worcester chemists John Wheeley Lea and William Henry Perrins, who went on to form the company Lea & Perrins.
Wrap roti, often referred to as a roti, is popular in the Caribbean consisting of a curry stew folded tightly within a dhalpuri or paratha roti.
Xavier Romero Frías (born 1954) is a Spanish writer and scholar.
In Japanese cuisine, refers to a style of Western-influenced cooking which originated during the Meiji Restoration.
Yellow curry (แกงกะหรี่,,; Chinese: 黃咖喱) is one of three major kinds of Thai curry that are commonly found in Thai restaurants in the West.
Balti curries, Balti curry, Bangladeshi curries, Bengali curries, Bhuna, British curry house, British curry house terminology, Chinese chicken curry, Curries, Curries of Balochistan, Curries of Bangladeshi, Curries of Bengali, Curries of Nepal, Curries of Northeast India, Curries of Oriya, Curries of Pakistan, Curries of the Maldives, Curries of the Philippines, Curry (dish), Curry (food), Curry in Great Britain, Curry of Pakistan, Curry sauce, Goat curry, Indian curry, Kaeng kari, Korean curry, Malay curry, Northeast Indian and Nepalese curries, Oriya curries, Pakistani curries, Pakistani curry, Saalan, Sabji, Tiyula Itum, West Indies curries.