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Index Cusco

Cusco (Cuzco,; Qusqu or Qosqo), often spelled Cuzco, is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. [1]

171 relations: Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Administrative divisions of Peru, Alcalde, Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport, Andes, Anthony Horowitz, Antisuyu, Apostles, Aqueduct (water supply), Archaeology, Atahualpa, Athens, Ayllu, Aymara language, Ñusta Hispana, Backus and Johnston Brewery, Baguio, Barley, Battle of Cajamarca, Battle of Cusco, Battle of Quipaipan, BBC Radio 1, Bethlehem, Center for Traditional Textiles of Cusco, Chartres, Chinchay Suyu, Choquequirao, Cienciano, Conquistador, Constitution of Peru, Convent, Copa América, Copán, Coricancha, Cougar, Cuenca, Ecuador, Cusco Cathedral, Cusco District, Cusco Province, Cusco Region, Cusco School, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Diocese, E.S. Posthumus, Effigy, Estadio Garcilaso, Evil Star (novel), Exploration, Francisco Pizarro, Gonzalo Pizarro, ..., Government of Peru, Governorate of New Castile, Granite, Habsburg Spain, Havana, Hiram Bingham III, Huayna Capac, Huáscar, Huillca Raccay, Inca Civil War, Inca Empire, Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Inca religion in Cusco, Inca road system, Inca Roca, Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, Incahuasi (Apurímac), Indigenous peoples, Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, Inti, Iperú, Istanbul, Jauja, Jersey City, New Jersey, Jesus, John Peel, Juan Pizarro (conquistador), Kaesong, Köppen climate classification, Killke culture, Kraków, Kuntisuyu, Kyoto, La Paz, La Plata, Last Supper, Lima, List of archaeoastronomical sites by country, List of The Emperor's New Groove characters, Machu Picchu, Madison, Wisconsin, Maize, Manco Cápac, Manco Inca Yupanqui, Mexico City, Milan, Monstrance, Moray (Inca ruin), Moscow, Museo de Arte Precolombino, Cusco, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National University of Saint Anthony the Abbot in Cuzco, Neo-Inca State, New7Wonders of the World, Oceanic climate, Ollantaytambo, Pachacuti, Paqariq Tampu, Parapet, Patallacta, Peru, PeruRail, Pikillaqta, Potosí, Pre-Columbian era, Provinces of Peru, Puquios, Quechuan languages, Quinoa, Qullasuyu, Radiocarbon dating, Ransom Room, Regidor, Renaissance, Repartimiento, Rio de Janeiro, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco, Ruins, Sacred, Sacred Valley, Sacsayhuamán, Saint Dominic, Salcantay, Samarkand, San Jerónimo District, Cusco, San Sebastián District, Cusco, Santiago District, Cusco, Santurantikuy, Sapa Inca, Sculpture garden, Sea level, Siege of Cusco, Sister city, Smallpox, Society of Jesus, Southern Quechua, Spanish Baroque architecture, Spanish colonization of the Americas, Spanish Empire, Split inheritance, State of Palestine, Tampukancha, Túpac Amaru II, The Emperor's New Groove, The Emperor's New School, Tipón, Tourism in Peru, Transliteration, Twelve-angled stone, Ultraviolet, UNESCO, Vilcabamba mountain range, Vilcabamba, Peru, Vincente de Valverde, Viracocha Inca, Vitos, Wanakawri (Cusco), Wanchaq District, World Heritage site, Xi'an, 2004 Copa América. Expand index (121 more) »

Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua

The Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua (AMLQ, Highest Academy of the Quechua Language; Quechua: Qheswa simi hamut'ana kuraq suntur) is a private institution in Cusco, founded in 1990, concerned with the "purity" of Quechua.

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Administrative divisions of Peru

The administrative divisions of Peru have changed from time to time, since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century.

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Alcalde, or Alcalde ordinario, is the traditional Spanish municipal magistrate, who had both judicial and administrative functions.

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Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport

Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport is an international airport located in the city of Cusco, in southeastern Peru.

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The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.

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Anthony Horowitz

Anthony Horowitz, OBE (born 5 April 1955) is an English novelist and screenwriter specialising in mystery and suspense.

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Antisuyu (Quechua anti east, suyu region, part of a territory, each of the four regions which formed the Inca Empire, "eastern region") was the eastern part of the Inca Empire which bordered on the modern-day Upper Amazon region which the Anti (people) inhabited.

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In Christian theology and ecclesiology, the apostles, particularly the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.

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Aqueduct (water supply)

An aqueduct is a watercourse constructed to convey water.

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Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

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Atahualpa, also Atahuallpa, Atabalipa (in Hispanicized spellings) or Atawallpa (Quechua) (c. 1502–26 July 1533) was the last Inca Emperor.

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Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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The ayllu is the traditional form of a community in the Andes, especially among Quechuas and Aymaras.

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Aymara language

Aymara (Aymar aru) is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes.

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Ñusta Hispana

Ñusta Hispana (possibly from Quechua ñust'a: princess, hisp'ana: toilet, urethra), Ñusta Ispanan (also written Ñusta Ispana and Ñusta España) or Chuquipalta (possibly from Quechua chuqi precious metal, p'allta plane) is an archaeological site in Peru.

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Backus and Johnston Brewery

Backus and Johnston is the largest brewery in Peru, part of Bavaria Brewery, which itself is part of the international SABMiller group.

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, officially the (Ibaloi: Ciudad ne Bagiw; Siudad ti Baguio; Lungsod ng Baguio) and popularly referred to as Baguio City, is a mountain resort city located in Northern Luzon, Philippines.

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Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

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Battle of Cajamarca

The 'Battle' of Cajamarca was the unexpected ambush and seizure of the Inca ruler Atahualpa by a small Spanish force led by Francisco Pizarro, on November 16, 1532.

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Battle of Cusco

The Battle of Cusco was fought in 1533 between the forces of Spain and of the Incas.

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Battle of Quipaipan

The Battle of Quipaipan was the decisive battle of the Inca Civil War between the brothers Atahualpa and Huáscar.

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BBC Radio 1

BBC Radio 1 is a British radio station operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation which also broadcasts internationally, specialising in modern and current popular music and chart hits throughout the day. Radio 1 provides alternative genres after 7pm, including electronic dance, hip hop, rock, indie or interviews. It was launched in 1967 to meet the demand for music generated by pirate radio stations, when the average age of the UK population was 27. The BBC claim that they target the 1529 age group, and the average age of its UK audience since 2009 is 30. BBC Radio 1 started 24-hour broadcasting on 1 May 1991.

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Bethlehem (بيت لحم, "House of Meat"; בֵּית לֶחֶם,, "House of Bread";; Bethleem; initially named after Canaanite fertility god Lehem) is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, Palestine, about south of Jerusalem.

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Center for Traditional Textiles of Cusco

Centro de Textiles Tradicionales del Cusco (Center for Traditional Textiles of Cusco or CTTC) was founded by indigenous weavers from the community of Chinchero as well as international supporters in 1996 as a non-profit organization.

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Chartres is a commune and capital of the Eure-et-Loir department in France.

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Chinchay Suyu

Chinchasuyu was the northwestern provincial region of the Tawantin Suyu, or Inca Empire.

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Choquequirao (possibly from Quechua chuqi metal, k'iraw crib, cot) is an Incan site in south Peru, similar in structure and architecture to Machu Picchu.

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Club Sportivo Cienciano is a professional football club based in Cusco, Peru.

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Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.

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Constitution of Peru

The Constitution of Peru is the supreme law of Peru.

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A convent is either a community of priests, religious brothers, religious sisters, or nuns; or the building used by the community, particularly in the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion.

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Copa América

Copa América (America Cup), known until 1975 as the South American Football Championship (Campeonato Sudamericano de Fútbol in Spanish and Campeonato Sul-americano de Futebol (Portugal) ou Copa Sul-Americana de Futebol (Brazil) in Portuguese), is an international men's football tournament contested between national teams from CONMEBOL.

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Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala.

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Coricancha, Koricancha, Qoricancha or Qorikancha (from Quechua quri gold; kancha enclosure) was the most important temple in the Inca Empire.

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The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas.

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Cuenca, Ecuador

The city of Cuenca — in full, Santa Ana de los Cuatro Ríos de Cuenca — is the capital of the Azuay Province.

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Cusco Cathedral

The Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin, also known as Cusco Cathedral, is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco.

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Cusco District

Cusco is a district in the northern Cusco Province within the Cusco Region of Peru.

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Cusco Province

Cusco Province is the smallest of thirteen provinces in the Cusco Region in the southern highlands of Peru.

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Cusco Region

Cusco, also spelled Cuzco (Qusqu suyu), is a region in Peru.

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Cusco School

The Cusco School (Escuela Cuzqueña) or Cuzco School, was a Roman Catholic artistic tradition based in Cusco, Peru (the former capital of the Inca Empire) during the Colonial period, in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.

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Deutscher Wetterdienst

The Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Office, based in Offenbach am Main, Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes.

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The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".

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E.S. Posthumus

E.S. Posthumus was an independent music group that produced a form of 21st-century classical music/epic music that intertwined popular style drum rhythms with orchestral and electronic sounds.

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An effigy is a representation of a specific person in the form of sculpture or some other three-dimensional medium.

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Estadio Garcilaso

Estadio Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, commonly known as Estadio Garcilaso, is Cusco's principal stadium and the home venue of the local football team Cienciano.

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Evil Star (novel)

Evil Star is the second book in The Power of Five series by British author Anthony Horowitz.

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Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources.

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Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro González (– 26 June 1541) was a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that conquered the Inca Empire.

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Gonzalo Pizarro

Gonzalo Pizarro y Alonso (1510 – April 10, 1548) was a Spanish conquistador and younger paternal half-brother of Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of the Inca Empire.

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Government of Peru

Republic of Peru | nativename.

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Governorate of New Castile

The Governorate of New Castile (Gobernación de Nueva Castilla) was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro in 1528 by King Charles I of Spain, of which he was appointed governor.

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Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.

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Habsburg Spain

Habsburg Spain refers to the history of Spain over the 16th and 17th centuries (1516–1700), when it was ruled by kings from the House of Habsburg (also associated with its role in the history of Central Europe).

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Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.

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Hiram Bingham III

Hiram Bingham III (November 19, 1875 – June 6, 1956) was an American academic, explorer and politician. He made public the existence of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu in 1911 with the guidance of local indigenous farmers. Later, Bingham served as a member of the United States Senate for the state of Connecticut.

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Huayna Capac

Huayna Capac, Huayna Cápac, Guayna Capac (in Hispanicized spellings) or Wayna Qhapaq (Quechua wayna young, young man, qhapaq the mighty one, "the young mighty one") (1464/1468–1527) was the third Sapa Inca of the Inca Empire, born in Tomebamba sixth of the Hanan dynasty, and eleventh of the Inca civilization.

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Huáscar Inca (Quechua: Waskar Inka, 1503–1532) was Sapa Inca of the Inca Empire from 1527 to 1532.

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Huillca Raccay

Huillca Raccay or Huillca Racay (possibly from Quechua willka grandchild / great-grandson / lineage / minor god in the Inca culture, an image of the Vilcanota valley worshipped as God / holy, sacred, divine, willka or wilka Anadenanthera colubrina (a tree), raqay ruin, a demolished building / shed, storehouse or dormitory for the laborers of a farm / a generally old building without roof, only with walls,Diccionario Quechua - Español - Quechua, Academía Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Gobierno Regional Cusco, Cusco 2005 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary): willka - s. Hist. Idolo de este nombre. Icono o imagen que representaba la divinidad tutelar del valle que se extiende desde lo que hoy es La Raya –línea divisoria entre Cusco y Puno– hasta la montaña misma. (J.L.P.) || Apellido de origen inkaico. / s. Biznieto o biznieta. SINÓN: haway. || Linaje. || adj. Sagrado, divino, sacro. raqay - s. Galpón. || Edificio, generalmente antiguo, sin techo sólo en paredes. Willka raqay - s. Arqueol. (Galpón sagrado)) is an archaeological site in Peru located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Ollantaytambo District.

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Inca Civil War

The Inca Civil War, also known as the Inca Dynastic War, the Inca War of Succession, or, sometimes, the War of the Two Brothers was fought between two brothers, Huáscar and Atahualpa, sons of Huayna Capac, over the succession to the throne of the Inca Empire.

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Inca Empire

The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century.

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Inca Garcilaso de la Vega

Garcilaso de la Vega (12 April 1539 – 23 April 1616), born Gómez Suárez de Figueroa and known as El Inca or Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, was a chronicler and writer born in the Spanish Empire's Viceroyalty of Peru.

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Inca religion in Cusco

Because of their immediate defeat at the hands of the Spanish, much information surrounding Incan religion has been lost.

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Inca road system

The Inca road system was the most extensive and advanced transportation system in pre-Columbian South America.

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Inca Roca

Inca Roca (Quechua Inka Roq'a, "magnanimous Inca") was the sixth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco (beginning around CE 1350) and the first of the Hanan ("upper") dynasty.

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Inca Trail to Machu Picchu

The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu (also known as Camino Inca or Camino Inka) is a hiking trail in Peru that terminates at Machu Picchu.

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Incahuasi (Apurímac)

Incahuasi (possibly from Quechua inka Inca, wasi house, "Inca house") is a mountain in the Vilcabambamountain range in the Andes of Peru whose summit reaches above sea level.

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Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

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Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática

The Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (INEI) ("National Institute of Statistics and Informatics") is a semi-autonomous Peruvian government agency which coordinates, compiles, and evaluates statistical information for the country.

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Inti is the ancient Incan sun god.

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Iperú Tourist Information and Assistance, or simply Iperú (with lower-case p)) is the Perú tourism office provided since 1994 by the Peruvian government through the Commission for the Promotion of Exports and Tourism of Perú (Comisión de Promoción de las Exportaciones y el Turismo del Perú, Promperú) and the National Institute for Defense of Competition and Protection of Intellectual Property (Instituto Nacional de Defensa de la Competencia y de la Protección de la Propiedad Intellectual, INDECOPI), to provide domestic and foreign travelers with objective and impartial information as well as support services. The organization's logo is the international tourist information symbol, a lower-case white "i" inside a blue circle, followed by "perú". The Iperú headquarters are in Lima, and there are multilingual offices throughout the country. During 2007, Iperú handled 287,492 cases, including requests for information and for assistance or both, all over Peru.

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Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.

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Jauja (Shawsha Wanka Quechua: Shawsha or Shausha, formerly in Spanish Xauxa, with pronunciation of "x" as "sh") is a city and capital of Jauja Province in Peru.

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Jersey City, New Jersey

Jersey City is the second-most-populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark.

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Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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John Peel

John Robert Parker Ravenscroft, (30 August 1939 – 25 October 2004), known professionally as John Peel, was an English disc jockey, radio presenter, record producer and journalist.

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Juan Pizarro (conquistador)

Juan Pizarro y Alonso (born c. 1511 in Trujillo; died July 1536) was a Spanish conquistador who accompanied his brothers Francisco, Gonzalo and Hernando Pizarro for the conquest of Peru in 1532.

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Kaesong or Gaeseong is a city in North Hwanghae Province in the southern part of North Korea, a former Directly Governed City, and the capital of Korea during the Taebong kingdom and subsequent Goryeo dynasty.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Killke culture

The Killke culture occupied the South American region around Cusco, Peru from 900 to 1200 AD, prior to the arrival of the Incas in the 13th century.

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Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.

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Kuntisuyu or Kunti Suyu (Quechua kunti west, suyu region, part of a territory, each of the four regions which formed the Inca Empire, "western region") was the southwestern provincial region of the Inca Empire.

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, officially, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.

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La Paz

La Paz, officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace), also named Chuqi Yapu (Chuquiago) in Aymara, is the seat of government and the de facto national capital of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the constitutional capital of Bolivia is Sucre).

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La Plata

La Plata is the capital city of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.

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Last Supper

The Last Supper is the final meal that, in the Gospel accounts, Jesus shared with his Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion.

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Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.

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List of archaeoastronomical sites by country

This is a list of sites where claims for the use of archaeoastronomy have been made, sorted by country.

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List of The Emperor's New Groove characters

The following are fictional characters from Disney's 2000 film The Emperor's New Groove, its direct-to-video sequel Kronk's New Groove, and the spin-off television series The Emperor's New School.

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Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu (or,, Machu Pikchu) is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge above sea level.

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Madison, Wisconsin

Madison is the capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the seat of Dane County.

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Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

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Manco Cápac

Manco Cápac (Quechua: Manqu Qhapaq, "the royal founder"), also known as Manco Inca and Ayar Manco was, according to some historians, the first governor and founder of the Inca civilization in Cusco, possibly in the early 13th century.

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Manco Inca Yupanqui

Manco Inca Yupanqui (1516–1544) (Manqu Inka Yupanki in Quechua) was the founder and monarch (Sapa Inca) of the independent Neo-Inca State in Vilcabamba, although he was originally a puppet Inca Emperor installed by the Spaniards.

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Mexico City

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.

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Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.

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A monstrance, also known as an ostensorium (or an ostensory), is the vessel used in Roman Catholic, Old Catholic and Anglican churches for the more convenient exhibition of some object of piety, such as the consecrated Eucharistic host during Eucharistic adoration or Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.

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Moray (Inca ruin)

Moray (Muray) is an archaeological site in Peru approximately northwest of Cuzco on a high plateau at about and just west of the village of Maras.

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Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

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Museo de Arte Precolombino, Cusco

The Museo de Arte Precolombino (also known by its acronym MAP; in Pre-Columbian Art Museum) is an art museum in Cusco, Peru, dedicated to the display of archaeological artifacts and examples of pre-Columbian artworks drawn from all regions of pre-Columbian Peru.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

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National University of Saint Anthony the Abbot in Cuzco

The National University of Saint Anthony the Abbot in Cuzco (Spanish: Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco) (UNSAAC) is a public university in Cusco, Peru and one of the oldest in the country.

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Neo-Inca State

The Neo-Inca State, also known as the Neo-Inca state of Vilcabamba, was the Inca state established by Inca emperor Huayna Capac's son Manco Inca Yupanqui in Vilcabamba in 1537.

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New7Wonders of the World

New7Wonders of the World (2000–2007) was a campaign started in 2000 to choose Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Ollantaytambo (Ullantaytampu) is a town and an Inca archaeological site in southern Peru some by road northwest of the city of Cusco.

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Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui or Pachakutiq Inka Yupanki (Quechua) was the ninth Sapa Inca (1418–1471/1472) of the Kingdom of Cusco which he transformed into the Inca Empire (Tawantinsuyu).

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Paqariq Tampu

In Inca mythology, one of the main Inca creation myths was that of the Ayar Brothers who emerged from a cave called Paqariq Tampu (also spelled Paqariqtampu) (Quechua paqariy to dawn / to be born, -q a suffix, tampu inn, lodge, hispanicized and mixed spellings Pacaritambo, Paccarectambo, Paccarec Tambo, Paccarictambo, Paccaric Tambo, Paqariq Tambo, Paccaritambo).

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A parapet is a barrier which is an extension of the wall at the edge of a roof, terrace, balcony, walkway or other structure.

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Patallacta (possibly from Quechua pata elevated place / above, at the top / edge, bank (of a river), shore, llaqta place (village, town, city, country, nation), "settlement on a platform" pronounced "pahta-yakta"), Llactapata or Q'ente Marka (possibly from Quechua q'inti hummingbird, marka village, "hummingbird village") is an archaeological site in Peru located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District.

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Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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PeruRail is a railway operator providing tourist, freight, and charter services in southern Peru.

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Pikillaqta (Quechua piki flea, llaqta a place (village, town, community, country, nation), "flea place", also spelled Piki Llacta, Pikillacta, Piquillacta, Piquillaqta) is a large Wari culture archaeological site east of Cusco in the Quispicanchi Province.

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Potosí is a capital city and a municipality of the department of Potosí in Bolivia.

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Pre-Columbian era

The Pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.

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Provinces of Peru

The provinces of Peru are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country.

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The puquios are an old system of subterranean aqueducts near the city of Nazca, Peru.

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Quechuan languages

Quechua, usually called Runasimi ("people's language") in Quechuan languages, is an indigenous language family spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes and highlands of South America.

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Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; (or, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa) is a flowering plant in the amaranth family. It is a herbaceous annual plant grown as a grain crop primarily for its edible seeds. Quinoa is not a grass, but rather a pseudocereal botanically related to spinach and amaranth (Amaranthus spp.). Quinoa provides protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and dietary minerals in rich amounts above those of wheat, corn, rice or oats. It is gluten-free. After harvest, the seeds are processed to remove the bitter-tasting outer seed coat. Quinoa originated in the Andean region of northwestern South America, and was domesticated 3,000 to 4,000 years ago for human consumption in the Lake Titicaca basin of Peru and Bolivia, though archaeological evidence shows livestock uses 5,200 to 7,000 years ago.

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Qullasuyu (Qullasuyu and Quechua, qulla south, Qulla a people, suyu region, part of a territory, each of the four regions which formed the Inca Empire, "southern region", Hispanicized spellings Collasuyu, Kholla Suyu) was the southeastern provincial region of the Inca Empire.

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Radiocarbon dating

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.

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Ransom Room

The Ransom Room (El Cuarto del Rescate) is a small building located in Cajamarca, Peru.

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A regidor (plural: regidores) is a member of a council of municipalities in Spain and Latin America.

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The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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The Repartimiento (Spanish, "distribution, partition, or division") was a colonial forced labor system imposed upon the indigenous population of Spanish America and the Philippines.

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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco (Cuschen(sis)) is a Latin Metropolitan archdiocese with see in the city and old Inca imperial capital of Cusco, in Peru.

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Ruins are the remains of human-made architecture: structures that were once intact have fallen, as time went by, into a state of partial or total disrepair, due to lack of maintenance or deliberate acts of destruction.

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Sacred means revered due to sanctity and is generally the state of being perceived by religious individuals as associated with divinity and considered worthy of spiritual respect or devotion; or inspiring awe or reverence among believers.

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Sacred Valley

The Sacred Valley of the Incas (Valle Sagrado de los Incas; Willka Qhichwa) or the Urubamba Valley is a valley in the Andes of Peru, at its closest north of the Inca capital of Cusco.

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Sacsayhuamán, Sacsayhuaman, Sacsahuaman, Saxahuaman, Saksaywaman, Saqsaywaman, Sasawaman, Saksawaman, Sacsahuayman, Sasaywaman or Saksaq Waman (possibly from Quechua language, waman falcon or variable hawk) is a citadel on the northern outskirts of the city of Cusco, Peru, the historic capital of the Inca Empire.

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Saint Dominic

Saint Dominic (Santo Domingo), also known as Dominic of Osma and Dominic of Caleruega, often called Dominic de Guzmán and Domingo Félix de Guzmán (8 August 1170 – 6 August 1221), was a Castilian priest and founder of the Dominican Order.

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Salcantay, Salkantay or Sallqantay (in Quechua) is the highest peak in the Vilcabamba mountain range, part of the Peruvian Andes.

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Samarkand (Uzbek language Uzbek alphabet: Samarqand; سمرقند; Самарканд; Σαμαρκάνδη), alternatively Samarqand, is a city in modern-day Uzbekistan and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Central Asia.

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San Jerónimo District, Cusco

San Jerónimo District is one of eight districts of the Cusco Province in Peru.

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San Sebastián District, Cusco

San Sebastián District is one of eight districts of the Cusco Province in Peru.

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Santiago District, Cusco

Santiago District is one of eight districts of the Cusco Province in Peru.

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Santurantikuy (Quechua santu saint (a borrowing from Spanish santo), rantikuy to buy something only for oneself, "to buy oneself a saint") is a craft fair held annually on December 24 in the central square of the city of Cusco in Peru.

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Sapa Inca

The Sapa Inca (Hispanicized spelling) or Sapa Inka (Quechua for "the only Inca"), also known as Apu ("divinity"), Inka Qhapaq ("mighty Inca"), or simply Sapa ("the only one"), was the ruler of the Kingdom of Cusco and, later, the Emperor of the Inca Empire (Tawantinsuyu) and the Neo-Inca State.

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Sculpture garden

A sculpture garden or sculpture park is an outdoor garden dedicated to the presentation of sculpture, usually several permanently sited works in durable materials in landscaped surroundings.

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Sea level

Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.

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Siege of Cusco

The Siege of Cusco (May 6, 1536 – March 1537) was the siege of the city of Cusco by the army of Sapa Inca Manco Inca Yupanqui against a garrison of Spanish conquistadors and Indian auxiliaries led by Hernando Pizarro in the hope to restore the Inca Empire (1438-1533).

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

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Society of Jesus

The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.

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Southern Quechua

Southern Quechua (Quechua: Urin qichwa, quechua sureño), or simply Quechua (Qichwa or Qhichwa), is the most widely spoken of the major regional groupings of mutually intelligible dialects within the Quechua language family, with about 6.9 million speakers.

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Spanish Baroque architecture

Spanish Baroque is a strand of Baroque architecture that evolved in Spain, its provinces, and former colonies.

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Spanish colonization of the Americas

The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.

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Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.

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Split inheritance

The Inca practice of Split Inheritance was the process in which a ruler's chosen successor obtained all political power and rights, while the dead ruler maintained control over all the lands he had conquered during his life.

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State of Palestine

Palestine (فلسطين), officially the State of Palestine (دولة فلسطين), is a ''de jure'' sovereign state in the Middle East claiming the West Bank (bordering Israel and Jordan) and Gaza Strip (bordering Israel and Egypt) with East Jerusalem as the designated capital, although its administrative center is currently located in Ramallah.

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Tampukancha (Quechua, tampu inn, kancha enclosure, enclosed place, yard, a frame, or wall that encloses, Hispanicized Tambocancha, also Tambokancha) is an ancient Incan religious center located in Peru.

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Túpac Amaru II

José Gabriel Túpac Amaru (March 10, 1738 – May 18, 1781) — known as Túpac Amaru II — was the leader of a large Andean uprising against the Spanish in Peru, where its quelling resulted in his death.

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The Emperor's New Groove

The Emperor's New Groove is a 2000 American animated buddy comedy film created by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.

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The Emperor's New School

The Emperor's New School is an American animated television series that aired on Disney Channel from January 27, 2006 to November 20, 2008.

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Tipón, is a sprawling early 15th-century Inca ruin situated inside the Sacred Valley 3,400 meters above sea level.

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Tourism in Peru

Tourism in Peru makes up the nation's third largest industry, behind fishing and mining.

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Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).

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Twelve-angled stone

The twelve-angled stone is an archeological artefact in Cuzco, Peru.

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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Vilcabamba mountain range

The Vilcabamba mountain range is located in the region of Cusco, Peru, in the provinces of Anta, La Convención and Urubamba.

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Vilcabamba, Peru

Vilcabamba (in hispanicized spelling), Willkapampa (Aymara and Quechua) or Espíritu Pampa was a city founded by Manco Inca in 1539 that served as the capital of the Neo-Inca State, the last refuge of the Inca Empire until it fell to the Spaniards in 1572, signaling the end of Inca resistance to Spanish rule.

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Vincente de Valverde

Vicente de Valverde y Alvarez de Toledo, O.P. or Vincent de Valle Viridi was a Spanish Dominican friar, who was involved in the Conquest of the Americas, later becoming the Bishop of Cuzco.

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Viracocha Inca

Viracocha (in hispanicized spelling) or Wiraqucha (Quechua, the name of a god) was the eighth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco (beginning around 1410) and the third of the Hanan dynasty.

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Vitos is one of seven parishes (administrative divisions) in the municipality of Grandas de Salime, within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northern Spain.

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Wanakawri (Cusco)

Wanakawri (Quechua, also spelled Guanacaure, Guanacauri, Huanacaure, Huanacauri, Wanacaure, Wanacauri, Wanakaure, Wanakauri) is an archaeological site "Distrito de San Sebastián - Sitio Arqueológico de Wanakauri", retrieved on February 13, 2014(in Spanish) and a legendary mountain in Peru.

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Wanchaq District

Wanchaq District is one of eight districts of the province Cusco in Peru.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.

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2004 Copa América

The 2004 Copa América was the 41st edition of the Copa América, the South-American championship for international association football teams.

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Redirects here:

Bishopric of Cusco, Bishopric of Cuzco, Cusco Metropolian Area, Cusco, Peru, Cusco, Perú, Cuzco, Cuzco, Diocese of, Cuzco, Peru, History of Cusco, Kusku, Qosqo, Qusqu, Real Audiencia of Cusco, Royal Audiencia of Cusco, San Blas (Cusco).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cusco

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