98 relations: Abrasion (medical), Acantholysis, Acanthosis, Adipocyte, Apocrine, Arrector pili muscle, Blaschko's lines, Blister, Bullseye (target), Chickenpox, Collagen, Comedo, Confluency, Cutaneous condition, Cyst, Dermatitis, Dermatology, Dermis, Diffusion, Disease, Dyskeratosis, Eccrine sweat gland, Ectoderm, Elastic fiber, Embryology, Epidermis, Epithelium, Erythema, Evanescent (dermatology), Exocytosis (dermatopathology), Fascia, Forlì, Girolamo Mercuriale, Gland, Granuloma, Ground substance, Hair, Hair follicle, Herpes simplex, Histology, Human body, Hydropic swell, Hypergranulosis, Hyperkeratosis, Injection (medicine), Integumentary system, Intertriginous, Italy, Itch, Keratin, ..., Keratinocyte, Langerhans cell, Lentigo, Livedo, Lobe (anatomy), Measles, Melanocyte, Melanonychia, Merkel cell, Mesoderm, Morbilliform, Muscle, Nail (anatomy), Nodule (medicine), Nosology, Organ system, Panniculus adiposus, Panniculus carnosus, Papillomatosis, Papule, Parakeratosis, Poikiloderma, Purpura, Pus, Racquet nail, Sebaceous gland, Serous fluid, Shingles, Skin, Skin biopsy, Skin cancer, Skin fissure, Skin infection, Skin maceration, Spongiosis, Stratum, Stratum basale, Stratum corneum, Stratum granulosum, Stratum lucidum, Stratum spinosum, Subcutaneous tissue, Telangiectasia, Trombiculidae, Tubercle, Ulcer (dermatology), Vacuolization, Varicella zoster virus. Expand index (48 more) » « Shrink index
An abrasion is a wound caused by superficial damage to the skin, no deeper than the epidermis.
Acantholysis is the loss of intercellular connections, such as desmosomes, resulting in loss of cohesion between keratinocytes,Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelso; Abbas, Abul (2004) Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th ed.). Saunders.
Acanthosis is diffuse epidermal hyperplasia (thickening of the skin).
Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.
Apocrine is a term used to classify exocrine glands in the study of histology.
The arrector pili muscles are small muscles attached to hair follicles in mammals.
Blaschko's lines, also called the lines of Blaschko, named after Alfred Blaschko, are lines of normal cell development in the skin.
A blister is a small pocket of body fluid (lymph, serum, plasma, blood, or pus) within the upper layers of the skin, typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection.
The bullseye, or bull's-eye, is the centre of a shooting target, and by extension the name given to any shot that hits the bullseye.
Chickenpox, also known as varicella, is a highly contagious disease caused by the initial infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV).
Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.
A comedo is a clogged hair follicle (pore) in the skin.
For other uses, see Confluence (disambiguation).
A cutaneous condition is any medical condition that affects the integumentary system—the organ system that encloses the body and includes skin, hair, nails, and related muscle and glands.
A cyst is a closed sac, having a distinct membrane and division compared with the nearby tissue.
Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.
Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
The dermis or corium is a layer of skin between the epidermis (with which it makes up the cutis) and subcutaneous tissues, that primarily consists of dense irregular connective tissue and cushions the body from stress and strain.
Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration (or high chemical potential) to a region of low concentration (or low chemical potential) as a result of random motion of the molecules or atoms.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Dyskeratosis is abnormal keratinization occurring prematurely within individual cells or groups of cells below the stratum granulosum.
Eccrine glands (from ekkrinein "secrete"; sometimes called merocrine glands) are the major sweat glands of the human body, found in virtually all skin, with the highest density in palms and soles, then on the head, but much less on the trunk and the extremities.
Ectoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo.
Elastic fibers (or yellow fibers) are bundles of proteins (elastin) found in extracellular matrix of connective tissue and produced by fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells in arteries.
Embryology (from Greek ἔμβρυον, embryon, "the unborn, embryo"; and -λογία, -logia) is the branch of biology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.
The epidermis is the outer layer of the three layers that make up the skin, the inner layers being the dermis and hypodermis.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
Erythema (from the Greek erythros, meaning red) is redness of the skin or mucous membranes, caused by hyperemia (increased blood flow) in superficial capillaries.
Evanescent skin lesions, like wheals, are those that last for less than 24 hours before resolving.
Exocytosis is "infiltration of the epidermis by inflammatory or circulating blood cells."Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelso; Abbas, Abul (2004) Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th ed.). Saunders.
A fascia (plural fasciae; adjective fascial; from Latin: "band") is a band or sheet of connective tissue, primarily collagen, beneath the skin that attaches, stabilizes, encloses, and separates muscles and other internal organs.
Forlì (Furlè; Forum Livii) is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, and is the capital of the province of Forlì-Cesena.
Girolamo Mercuriale (Geronimo Mercuriali; Hieronymus Mercurialis, Hyeronimus Mercurialis) (September 30, 1530 – November 8, 1606) was an Italian philologist and physician, most famous for his work De Arte Gymnastica.
A gland is a group of cells in an animal's body that synthesizes substances (such as hormones) for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
Granuloma is an inflammation found in many diseases.
Ground substance is an amorphous gel-like substance in the extracellular space that contains all components of the extracellular matrix except for fibrous materials such as collagen and elastin.
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.
The hair follicle is a dynamic organ found in mammalian skin.
Herpes simplex is a viral disease caused by the herpes simplex virus.
Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.
The human body is the entire structure of a human being.
Hydropic swelling is intracellular edema of keratinocytes, often seen with viral infections.
Hypergranulosis is an increased thickness of the stratum granulosum.
Hyperkeratosis is thickening of the stratum corneum (the outermost layer of the epidermis), often associated with the presence of an abnormal quantity of keratin,Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelso; Abbas, Abul (2004) Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th ed.). Saunders.
Injection (often referred to as a "shot" in US English, or a "jab" in UK English) is the act of putting a liquid, especially a drug, into a person's body using a needle (usually a hypodermic needle) and a syringe.
The integumentary system comprises the skin and its appendages acting to protect the body from various kinds of damage, such as loss of water or abrasion from outside.
In medicine, an intertriginous area is where two skin areas may touch or rub together.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Itch (also known as pruritus) is a sensation that causes the desire or reflex to scratch.
Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.
A keratinocyte is the predominant cell type in the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, constituting 90% of the cells found there.
Langerhans cells are dendritic cells (antigen-presenting immune cells) of the skin, and contain organelles called Birbeck granules.
A lentigo (plural lentigines) is a small pigmented spot on the skin with a clearly defined edge, surrounded by normal-appearing skin.
Livedo refers to a form of skin discoloration.
In anatomy, a lobe is a clear anatomical division or extension of an organ (as seen for example in the brain, the lung, liver or the kidney) that can be determined without the use of a microscope at the gross anatomy level.
Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus.
Melanocytes are melanin-producing neural crest-derived cells located in the bottom layer (the stratum basale) of the skin's epidermis, the middle layer of the eye (the uvea), the inner ear, vaginal epithelium, meninges, bones, and heart.
Melanonychia is a black or brown pigmentation of the normal nail plate, and may be present as a normal finding on many digits in Afro-Caribbeans, as a result of trauma, systemic disease, or medications, or as a postinflammatory event from such localized events as lichen planus or fixed drug eruption.
Merkel cells, also known as Merkel-Ranvier cells or tactile epithelial cells, are oval-shaped mechanoreceptors essential for light touch sensation and found in the skin of vertebrates.
In all bilaterian animals, the mesoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo.
The term morbilliform refers to a rash that looks like measles.
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
A nail is a horn-like envelope covering the tips of the fingers and toes in most primates and a few other mammals.
In medicine, nodules are solid, elevated areas of tissue or fluid inside or under the skin with a diameter greater than 0.5 centimeters.
Nosology is a classification scheme used in medicine to classify diseases.
In biology, an organ system is a group of organs that work together to perform one or more functions.
The panniculus adiposus is the fatty layer of the subcutaneous tissues, superficial to a deeper vestigial layer of muscle, the panniculus carnosus.
The panniculus carnosus is a part of the subcutaneous tissues in the study of animal anatomy.
Papillomatosis of skin is skin surface elevation caused by hyperplasia and enlargement of contiguous dermal papillae.
A papule is a circumscribed, solid elevation of skin with no visible fluid, varying in area from a pinhead to 1 cm.
Parakeratosis is a mode of keratinization characterized by the retention of nuclei in the stratum corneum.
Poikiloderma is a skin condition that consists of areas of hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation, telangiectasias and atrophy.
Purpura is a condition of red or purple discolored spots on the skin that do not blanch on applying pressure.
Pus is an exudate, typically white-yellow, yellow, or yellow-brown, formed at the site of inflammation during bacterial or fungal infection.
In racquet nails (also known as brachyonychia, nail en raquette, and racquet thumb), the nail plate is flattened, the end of the thumb is widened and flattened, and the distal phalanx is abnormally short.
Sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of mammals.
In physiology, the term serous fluid or serosal fluid (originating from the Medieval Latin word serosus, from Latin serum) is any of various body fluids resembling serum, that are typically pale yellow and transparent and of a benign nature.
Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a localized area.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
Skin biopsy is a biopsy technique in which a skin lesion is removed to be sent to a pathologist to render a microscopic diagnosis.
Skin cancers are cancers that arise from the skin.
A skin fissure is a cutaneous condition in which there is a linear-like cleavage of skin, sometimes defined as extending into the dermis.
Infection of the skin is distinguished from dermatitis, Stating: "Excludes:...
Maceration is defined as the softening and breaking down of skin resulting from prolonged exposure to moisture.
Spongiosis is mainly intercellular edema (abnormal accumulation of fluid) in the epidermis,Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelso; Abbas, Abul (2004) Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th ed.). Saunders.
In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil, or igneous rock that were formed at the Earth's surface, with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.
The stratum basale (basal layer, sometimes referred to as stratum germinativum) is the deepest layer of the five layers of the epidermis, the outer covering of skin in mammals.
The stratum corneum (Latin for 'horny layer') is the outermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of dead cells (corneocytes).
The stratum granulosum (or granular layer) is a thin layer of cells in the epidermis.
The stratum lucidum (Latin for "clear layer") is a thin, clear layer of dead skin cells in the epidermis named for its translucent appearance under a microscope.
The stratum spinosum (or spinous layer/prickle cell layer) is a layer of the epidermis found between the stratum granulosum and stratum basale.
The subcutaneous tissue, also called the hypodermis, hypoderm, subcutis, or superficial fascia, is the lowermost layer of the integumentary system in vertebrates.
Telangiectasias, also known as spider veins, are small dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin or mucous membranes, measuring between 0.5 and 1 millimeter in diameter.
Trombiculidae (also called berry bugs, harvest mites, red bugs, scrub-itch mites and aoutas) are a family of mites.
In anatomy, a tubercle is any round nodule, small eminence, or warty outgrowth found on external or internal organs of a plant or an animal.
An ulcer is a sore on the skin or a mucous membrane, accompanied by the disintegration of tissue.
Vacuolization is the formation of vacuoles within or adjacent to cells, and, in dermatopathology, often refers to the basal cell-basement membrane zone area.
Varicella zoster virus or varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is one of eight herpesviruses known to infect humans.
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