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Index Cyberattack

A cyberattack is any type of offensive maneuver that targets computer information systems, infrastructures, computer networks, or personal computer devices. [1]

88 relations: Access control, Accounting information system, Akamai Technologies, Antivirus software, ARP spoofing, Assault, Asset (computer security), Availability, BankMuscat, Botnet, Buffer overflow, Committee on National Security Systems, Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures, Computer, Computer emergency response team, Computer network, Computer security, Confidentiality, Contingency plan, Countermeasure (computer), Cyber campaign, Cybercrime, Cyberspace, Cyberterrorism, Cyberwarfare, Data breach, Denial-of-service attack, East–West dichotomy, Election Commission of Pakistan, Exploit (computer security), Factor analysis of information risk, Firewall (computing), Hacking: The Art of Exploitation, Heap overflow, Idle scan, Information security, Information technology, Information technology security audit, Integrity, Internet bot, Internet Engineering Task Force, Intrusion detection system, ISO/IEC 27001, IT risk, Keystroke logging, List of cyberattacks, Malware, Man-in-the-middle attack, Metasploit Project, Month of bugs, ..., National Information Assurance Glossary, National Security Agency, Passive attack, Penetration test, People's Liberation Army, Petya (malware), Ping flood, Ping of death, Polymorphic code, Port scanner, Ransomware, Risk factor (computing), Risk management, Sandbox (computer security), Security controls, Security hacker, Security information and event management, Security management, Security policy, Security service (telecommunication), Smurf attack, Social engineering (security), Spoofing attack, Spyware, Stack overflow, Stuxnet, Targeted threat, Ted Koppel, Telephone tapping, Threat (computer), Uncontrolled format string, United States, User behavior analytics, Vulnerability (computing), Vulnerability management, W3af, WannaCry ransomware attack, World Economic Forum. Expand index (38 more) »

Access control

In the fields of physical security and information security, access control (AC) is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource.

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Accounting information system

An accounting information system (AIS) is a system of collecting, storing and processing financial and accounting data that are used by decision makers.

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Akamai Technologies

Akamai Technologies, Inc. is an American content delivery network (CDN) and cloud service provider headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States.

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Antivirus software

Antivirus software, or anti-virus software (abbreviated to AV software), also known as anti-malware, is a computer program used to prevent, detect, and remove malware.

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ARP spoofing

In computer networking, ARP spoofing, ARP cache poisoning, or ARP poison routing, is a technique by which an attacker sends (spoofed) Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) messages onto a local area network.

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An assault is the act of inflicting physical harm or unwanted physical contact upon a person or, in some specific legal definitions, a threat or attempt to commit such an action.

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Asset (computer security)

In information security, computer security and network security, an asset is any data, device, or other component of the environment that supports information-related activities.

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In reliability theory and reliability engineering, the term availability has the following meanings.

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Bank Muscat is the leading financial services provider in the Sultanate of Oman with a presence in corporate banking, retail banking, investment banking, treasury, private banking and asset management.

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A botnet is a number of Internet-connected devices, each of which is running one or more bots.

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Buffer overflow

In information security and programming, a buffer overflow, or buffer overrun, is an anomaly where a program, while writing data to a buffer, overruns the buffer's boundary and overwrites adjacent memory locations.

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Committee on National Security Systems

The Committee on National Security Systems (CNSS) is a United States intergovernmental organization that sets policy for the security of the US security systems.

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Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) system provides a reference-method for publicly known information-security vulnerabilities and exposures.

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A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.

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Computer emergency response team

A computer emergency response team (CERT) is an expert group that handles computer security incidents.

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Computer network

A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.

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Computer security

Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from theft of or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.

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Confidentiality involves a set of rules or a promise usually executed through confidentiality agreements that limits access or places restrictions on certain types of information.

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Contingency plan

A contingency plan is a plan devised for an outcome other than in the usual (expected) plan.

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Countermeasure (computer)

In computer security a countermeasure is an action, device, procedure, or technique that reduces a threat, a vulnerability, or an attack by eliminating or preventing it, by minimizing the harm it can cause, or by discovering and reporting it so that corrective action can be taken.

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Cyber campaign

No description.

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Cybercrime, or computer oriented crime, is crime that involves a computer and a network.

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Cyberspace is interconnected technology.

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Cyberterrorism is the use of the Internet to conduct violent acts that result in, or threaten, loss of life or significant bodily harm, in order to achieve political gains through intimidation.

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Cyberwarfare is the use or targeting in a battlespace or warfare context of computers, online control systems and networks.

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Data breach

A data breach is the intentional or unintentional release of secure or private/confidential information to an untrusted environment.

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Denial-of-service attack

In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.

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East–West dichotomy

In sociology, the East–West dichotomy is the perceived difference between the Eastern world and Western world.

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Election Commission of Pakistan

The Election Commission of Pakistan (انتخابی دفتر پاکستان), is an independent, autonomous, permanent and constitutionally established federal body responsible for organizing and conducting of elections to state parliament, provincial legislatures, local governments, elections to the office of President of Pakistan, delimitation of constituencies and preparation of Electoral Rolls.

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Exploit (computer security)

An exploit (from the English verb to exploit, meaning "to use something to one’s own advantage") is a piece of software, a chunk of data, or a sequence of commands that takes advantage of a bug or vulnerability to cause unintended or unanticipated behavior to occur on computer software, hardware, or something electronic (usually computerized).

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Factor analysis of information risk

Factor analysis of information risk (FAIR) is a taxonomy of the factors that contribute to risk and how they affect each other.

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Firewall (computing)

In computing, a firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.

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Hacking: The Art of Exploitation

Hacking: The Art of Exploitation is a book by Jon "Smibbs" Erickson about computer security and network security.

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Heap overflow

A heap overflow or heap overrun is a type of buffer overflow that occurs in the heap data area.

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Idle scan

The idle scan is a TCP port scan method that consists of sending spoofed packets to a computer to find out what services are available.

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Information security

Information security, sometimes shortened to InfoSec, is the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information.

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Information technology

Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.

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Information technology security audit

A computer security audit is a manual or systematic measurable technical assessment of a system or application.

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Integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles, or moral uprightness.

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Internet bot

An Internet Bot, also known as web robot, WWW robot or simply -bot-, is a software application that runs automated tasks (scripts) over the Internet.

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Internet Engineering Task Force

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).

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Intrusion detection system

An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a device or software application that monitors a network or systems for malicious activity or policy violations.

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ISO/IEC 27001

ISO/IEC 27001 is an information security standard, part of the ISO/IEC 27000 family of standards, of which the last version was published in 2013, with a few minor updates since then.

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IT risk

Information technology risk, IT risk, IT-related risk, or Cyber Risk is any risk related to information technology.

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Keystroke logging

Keystroke logging, often referred to as keylogging or keyboard capturing, is the action of recording (logging) the keys struck on a keyboard, typically covertly, so that the person using the keyboard is unaware that their actions are being monitored.

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List of cyberattacks

A cyberattack is any type of offensive maneuver employed by individuals or whole organizations that targets computer information systems, infrastructures, computer networks, and/or personal computer devices by various means of malicious acts usually originating from an anonymous source that either steals, alters, or destroys a specified target by hacking into a susceptible system.

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Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.

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Man-in-the-middle attack

In cryptography and computer security, a man-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is an attack where the attacker secretly relays and possibly alters the communication between two parties who believe they are directly communicating with each other.

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Metasploit Project

The Metasploit Project is a computer security project that provides information about security vulnerabilities and aids in penetration testing and IDS signature development.

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Month of bugs

A Month of Bugs is a strategy used by security researchers to draw attention to the lax security procedures of commercial software corporations.

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National Information Assurance Glossary

Committee on National Security Systems Instruction No.

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National Security Agency

The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.

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Passive attack

A passive attack on a cryptosystem is one in which the cryptanalyst cannot interact with any of the parties involved, attempting to break the system solely based upon observed data (i.e. the ciphertext).

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Penetration test

A penetration test, colloquially known as a pen test, is an authorized simulated attack on a computer system, performed to evaluate the security of the system.

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People's Liberation Army

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Petya (malware)

Petya is a family of encrypting ransomware that was first discovered in 2016.

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Ping flood

A ping flood is a simple denial-of-service attack where the attacker overwhelms the victim with ICMP "echo request" (ping) packets.

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Ping of death

A ping of death is a type of attack on a computer system that involves sending a malformed or otherwise malicious ping to a computer.

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Polymorphic code

In computer terminology, polymorphic code is code that uses a polymorphic engine to mutate while keeping the original algorithm intact.

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Port scanner

A port scanner is an application designed to probe a server or host for open ports.

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Ransomware is a type of malicious software from cryptovirology that threatens to publish the victim's data or perpetually block access to it unless a ransom is paid.

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Risk factor (computing)

In Information security, Risk factor is a collectively name for circumstances affecting the likelihood or the impact of a security risk.

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Risk management

Risk management is the identification, evaluation, and prioritization of risks (defined in ISO 31000 as the effect of uncertainty on objectives) followed by coordinator and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.

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Sandbox (computer security)

In computer security, a sandbox is a security mechanism for separating running programs, usually in an effort to mitigate system failures or software vulnerabilities from spreading.

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Security controls

Security controls are safeguards or countermeasures to avoid, detect, counteract, or minimize security risks to physical property, information, computer systems, or other assets.

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Security hacker

A security hacker is someone who seeks to breach defenses and exploit weaknesses in a computer system or network.

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Security information and event management

In the field of computer security, security information and event management (SIEM) software products and services combine security information management (SIM) and security event management (SEM).

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Security management

Security management is the identification of an organization's assets (including people, buildings, machines, systems and information assets), followed by the development, documentation, and implementation of policies and procedures for protecting these assets.

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Security policy

Security policy is a definition of what it means to be secure for a system, organization or other entity.

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Security service (telecommunication)

Security service is a service, provided by a layer of communicating open systems, which ensures adequate security of the systems or of data transfers as defined by ITU-T X.800 Recommendation.

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Smurf attack

The Smurf attack is a distributed denial-of-service attack in which large numbers of Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packets with the intended victim's spoofed source IP are broadcast to a computer network using an IP broadcast address.

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Social engineering (security)

Social engineering, in the context of information security, refers to psychological manipulation of people into performing actions or divulging confidential information.

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Spoofing attack

In the context of network security, a spoofing attack is a situation in which a person or program successfully masquerades as another by falsifying data, to gain an illegitimate advantage.

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Spyware is software that aims to gather information about a person or organization sometimes without their knowledge, that may send such information to another entity without the consumer's consent, that asserts control over a device without the consumer's knowledge, or it may send such information to another entity with the consumer's consent, through cookies.

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Stack overflow

In software, a stack overflow occurs if the call stack pointer exceeds the stack bound.

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Stuxnet is a malicious computer worm, first uncovered in 2010.

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Targeted threat

Targeted threats are a class of malware destined for one specific organization or industry.

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Ted Koppel

Edward James Martin Koppel (born February 8, 1940) is a British-born American broadcast journalist, best known as the anchor for Nightline, from the program's inception in 1980 until 2005.

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Telephone tapping

Telephone tapping (also wire tapping or wiretapping in American English) is the monitoring of telephone and Internet conversations by a third party, often by covert means.

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Threat (computer)

In computer security, a threat is a possible danger that might exploit a vulnerability to breach security and therefore cause possible harm.

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Uncontrolled format string

Uncontrolled format string is a type of software vulnerability discovered around 1989 that can be used in security exploits.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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User behavior analytics

User behavior analytics ("UBA") as defined by Gartner is a cybersecurity process about detection of insider threats, targeted attacks, and financial fraud.

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Vulnerability (computing)

In computer security, a vulnerability is a weakness which can be exploited by a Threat Actor, such as an attacker, to perform unauthorized actions within a computer system.

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Vulnerability management

Vulnerability management is the "cyclical practice of identifying, classifying, remediating, and mitigating vulnerabilities", particularly in software.

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w3af (web application attack and audit framework) is an open-source web application security scanner.

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WannaCry ransomware attack

The WannaCry ransomware attack was a May 2017 worldwide cyberattack by the WannaCry ransomware cryptoworm, which targeted computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system by encrypting data and demanding ransom payments in the Bitcoin cryptocurrency.

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World Economic Forum

The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyberattack

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