Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Cybernetics

Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems—their structures, constraints, and possibilities. [1]

268 relations: Action theory (sociology), Actor, Adaptation, Adaptive system, Affect control theory, AGIL paradigm, Aksel Berg, Alan Turing, Alfred Russel Wallace, American Society for Cybernetics, Ancient Greek, André-Marie Ampère, Andrey Kolmogorov, Anthropology, Anthroposphere, Architecture, Artificial intelligence, Artificial life, Artificial neural network, Arturo Rosenblueth, Attachment theory, Attractor, Automation, Autonomous agency theory, Autopoiesis, Behaviorism, Bell Labs, Benoit Mandelbrot, Biocybernetics, Biological engineering, Biology, Biomechatronics, Biomedical engineering, Bionics, Black box, Brain–computer interface, Brownian motion, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Cascading failure, Causality, Cedric Price, Cellular automaton, Chaos theory, Charles François (systems scientist), Christopher Alexander, Cliff Joslyn, Climate, Climate engineering, Cognition, Cognitive psychology, ..., Communication, Complex adaptive system, Complex system, Computational complexity theory, Computer vision, Connectionism, Consciousness, Consensus decision-making, Control system, Control system (disambiguation), Control theory, Conversation theory, Ctesibius, Cyberethics, Cybernetic Serendipity, Cyberneticist, Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, Cyborg, Dartmouth workshop, Decision support system, Decision theory, Deming Prize, Design pattern, Dynamical system, Earth system science, Ecology, Economic planning, Edward A. Shanken, Effectiveness, Efficacy, Efficiency, Efficient energy use, Electrical engineering, Embodied cognition, Emergence, Emotion, Engineering, Engineering cybernetics, Epistemology, Ernst von Glasersfeld, Evolution, Evolutionarily stable strategy, Evolutionary biology, Ștefan Odobleja, Feedback, Felix Geyer, First Alcibiades, François Jacob, France, Francis Heylighen, Francisco Varela, Gaia hypothesis, Game theory, Gene, Gene regulatory network, Genetic memory (psychology), George Gamow, Global warming, Gordon Pask, Gordon S. Brown, Governance, Governor (device), Gregory Bateson, Hans van der Zouwen, Harold Stephen Black, Heinz von Foerster, Henri Atlan, Herbert Brün, Hero of Alexandria, Heterostasis (cybernetics), Homeostasis, Horst Rittel, Human factors and ergonomics, Human–robot interaction, Humberto Maturana, Hunter B. Shirley, Industrial ecology, Information theory, Intelligence amplification, Interactive art, Interconnectivity, Jacques Monod, Jakob von Uexküll, James Clerk Maxwell, James Watt, Jasia Reichardt, Jay Wright Forrester, Joan Littlewood, John von Neumann, Julian Bigelow, Karl U. Smith, Kenneth D. Bailey (sociologist), Kenneth E. Boulding, Klaus Krippendorff, L. Bruce Archer, Labeling theory, Larry Richards, Law, Learning, Learning organization, Legal science, Life, Logic, Louis Couffignal, Louis Kauffman, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Machine, Macy conferences, Management cybernetics, Management science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mathematical logic, Mechanical engineering, Mechatronics, Medical cybernetics, Meme, Memetics, Metamaterial, Mind–body problem, MIT Media Lab, MIT Press, MIT Sloan School of Management, Nancy, France, Negative feedback, Net.art, Network analysis (electrical circuits), Network theory, Neuropsychology, Neuroscience, Nicholas Negroponte, Nicolas Bourbaki, Nicolas Schöffer, Norbert Wiener, Ontology, Open-source governance, Operations research, Organism, Organization, Organizational theory, Outline of Earth sciences, Paul Cockshott, Peppered moth, Perceptual control theory, Philosophy, Planetary boundaries, Plato, Political science, Principia Cybernetica, Project Cybersyn, Psycho-Cybernetics, Psychology, Pyotr Anokhin, Qian Xuesen, Ranulph Glanville, Ratio Club, Regulation, Riot, Robotics, Role, Roy Ascott, Scientific American, Second-order cybernetics, Self-organization, Self-organization in cybernetics, Self-replication, Semiotics, Simulation, Simulation modeling, Smart contract, Smart mob, Social control, Social system, Socio-ecological system, Sociocybernetics, Sociology, Soviet Union, Stafford Beer, Structure, Stuart Umpleby, Su Song, Superorganism, Sustainability, Synergetics (Haken), Synthetic biology, System, System accident, System dynamics, Systemic design, Systems art, Systems biology, Systems engineering, Systems psychology, Systems theory, Szolem Mandelbrojt, Talcott Parsons, Technological convergence, Tektology, Telematic art, Teleology, The Human Use of Human Beings, Total quality management, Transdisciplinarity, United Kingdom, United States, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Variety (cybernetics), Viable system theory, Viable systems approach, Victor Glushkov, Von Neumann cellular automaton, Von Neumann universal constructor, W. Edwards Deming, W. Ross Ashby, Walter Pitts, Warren Sturgis McCulloch, Water clock, William Grey Walter, World War II. Expand index (218 more) »

Action theory (sociology)

In sociology, action theory is the theory of social action presented by the American theorist Talcott Parsons.

New!!: Cybernetics and Action theory (sociology) · See more »


An actor (often actress for women; see terminology) is a person who portrays a character in a performance.

New!!: Cybernetics and Actor · See more »


In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.

New!!: Cybernetics and Adaptation · See more »

Adaptive system

An adaptive system is a set of interacting or interdependent entities, real or abstract, forming an integrated whole that together are able to respond to environmental changes or changes in the interacting parts, in a way analogous to either continuous physiological homeostasis or evolutionary adaptation in biology.

New!!: Cybernetics and Adaptive system · See more »

Affect control theory

In control theory, affect control theory proposes that individuals maintain affective meanings through their actions and interpretations of events.

New!!: Cybernetics and Affect control theory · See more »

AGIL paradigm

The AGIL paradigm is a sociological scheme created by American sociologist Talcott Parsons in the 1950s.

New!!: Cybernetics and AGIL paradigm · See more »

Aksel Berg

Aksel Ivanovich Berg (Orenburg 1893 – Moscow 1979) was a Soviet scientist and Navy Admiral (in Engineering).

New!!: Cybernetics and Aksel Berg · See more »

Alan Turing

Alan Mathison Turing (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist.

New!!: Cybernetics and Alan Turing · See more »

Alfred Russel Wallace

Alfred Russel Wallace (8 January 18237 November 1913) was an English naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist, and biologist.

New!!: Cybernetics and Alfred Russel Wallace · See more »

American Society for Cybernetics

The American Society for Cybernetics (ASC) is an American non-profit scholastic organization for the advancement of cybernetics as a science and the interdisciplinary collaboration and synthesis of cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and American Society for Cybernetics · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Cybernetics and Ancient Greek · See more »

André-Marie Ampère

André-Marie Ampère (20 January 177510 June 1836) was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as "electrodynamics".

New!!: Cybernetics and André-Marie Ampère · See more »

Andrey Kolmogorov

Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (a, 25 April 1903 – 20 October 1987) was a 20th-century Soviet mathematician who made significant contributions to the mathematics of probability theory, topology, intuitionistic logic, turbulence, classical mechanics, algorithmic information theory and computational complexity.

New!!: Cybernetics and Andrey Kolmogorov · See more »


Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.

New!!: Cybernetics and Anthropology · See more »


The anthroposphere (sometimes also referred as technosphere) is that part of the environment that is made or modified by humans for use in human activities and human habitats.

New!!: Cybernetics and Anthroposphere · See more »


Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.

New!!: Cybernetics and Architecture · See more »

Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.

New!!: Cybernetics and Artificial intelligence · See more »

Artificial life

Artificial life (often abbreviated ALife or A-Life) is a field of study wherein researchers examine systems related to natural life, its processes, and its evolution, through the use of simulations with computer models, robotics, and biochemistry.

New!!: Cybernetics and Artificial life · See more »

Artificial neural network

Artificial neural networks (ANNs) or connectionist systems are computing systems vaguely inspired by the biological neural networks that constitute animal brains.

New!!: Cybernetics and Artificial neural network · See more »

Arturo Rosenblueth

Arturo Rosenblueth Stearns (October 2, 1900 – September 20, 1970) was a Mexican researcher, physician and physiologist, who is known as one of the pioneers of cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Arturo Rosenblueth · See more »

Attachment theory

Attachment theory is a psychological model that attempts to describe the dynamics of long-term and short-term interpersonal relationships between humans.

New!!: Cybernetics and Attachment theory · See more »


In the mathematical field of dynamical systems, an attractor is a set of numerical values toward which a system tends to evolve, for a wide variety of starting conditions of the system.

New!!: Cybernetics and Attractor · See more »


Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.

New!!: Cybernetics and Automation · See more »

Autonomous agency theory

Autonomous agency theory (AAT) is a viable system theory (VST) which models autonomous social complex adaptive systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Autonomous agency theory · See more »


The term autopoiesis refers to a system capable of reproducing and maintaining itself.

New!!: Cybernetics and Autopoiesis · See more »


Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.

New!!: Cybernetics and Behaviorism · See more »

Bell Labs

Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.

New!!: Cybernetics and Bell Labs · See more »

Benoit Mandelbrot

Benoit B.  Mandelbrot  (20 November 1924 – 14 October 2010) was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician and polymath with broad interests in the practical sciences, especially regarding what he labeled as "the art of roughness" of physical phenomena and "the uncontrolled element in life".

New!!: Cybernetics and Benoit Mandelbrot · See more »


Biocybernetics is the application of cybernetics to biological science, composed of biological disciplines that benefit from the application of cybernetics including neurology and multicellular systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Biocybernetics · See more »

Biological engineering

Biological engineering or bio-engineering is the application of principles of biology and the tools of engineering to create usable, tangible, economically viable products.

New!!: Cybernetics and Biological engineering · See more »


Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

New!!: Cybernetics and Biology · See more »


Biomechatronics is an applied interdisciplinary science that aims to integrate biology, mechanics, and electronics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Biomechatronics · See more »

Biomedical engineering

Biomedical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic).

New!!: Cybernetics and Biomedical engineering · See more »


Bionics or Biologically inspired engineering is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology.

New!!: Cybernetics and Bionics · See more »

Black box

In science, computing, and engineering, a black box is a device, system or object which can be viewed in terms of its inputs and outputs (or transfer characteristics), without any knowledge of its internal workings.

New!!: Cybernetics and Black box · See more »

Brain–computer interface

A brain–computer interface (BCI), sometimes called a neural-control interface (NCI), mind-machine interface (MMI), direct neural interface (DNI), or brain–machine interface (BMI), is a direct communication pathway between an enhanced or wired brain and an external device.

New!!: Cybernetics and Brain–computer interface · See more »

Brownian motion

Brownian motion or pedesis (from πήδησις "leaping") is the random motion of particles suspended in a fluid (a liquid or a gas) resulting from their collision with the fast-moving molecules in the fluid.

New!!: Cybernetics and Brownian motion · See more »

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cambridge, Massachusetts · See more »

Cascading failure

A cascading failure is a process in a system of interconnected parts in which the failure of one or few parts can trigger the failure of other parts and so on.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cascading failure · See more »


Causality (also referred to as causation, or cause and effect) is what connects one process (the cause) with another process or state (the effect), where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first.

New!!: Cybernetics and Causality · See more »

Cedric Price

Cedric Price FRIBA (11 September 1934 – 10 August 2003) was an English architect and influential teacher and writer on architecture.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cedric Price · See more »

Cellular automaton

A cellular automaton (pl. cellular automata, abbrev. CA) is a discrete model studied in computer science, mathematics, physics, complexity science, theoretical biology and microstructure modeling.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cellular automaton · See more »

Chaos theory

Chaos theory is a branch of mathematics focusing on the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions.

New!!: Cybernetics and Chaos theory · See more »

Charles François (systems scientist)

Charles François (born September 5, 1922), is a Belgian administrator, editor and scientist in the fields of cybernetics, systems theory and systems science, internationally known for his main work the International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Charles François (systems scientist) · See more »

Christopher Alexander

Christopher Wolfgang Alexander (born 4 October 1936 in Vienna, Austria) is a widely influential architect and design theorist, and currently emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley.

New!!: Cybernetics and Christopher Alexander · See more »

Cliff Joslyn

Cliff Joslyn (born 1963) is an American cognitive scientist, cyberneticist, and currently Chief Scientist for Knowledge Sciences at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Seattle, Washington, USA.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cliff Joslyn · See more »


Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.

New!!: Cybernetics and Climate · See more »

Climate engineering

Climate engineering or climate intervention, commonly referred to as geoengineering, is the deliberate and large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climate system, usually with the aim of mitigating the adverse effects of global warming.

New!!: Cybernetics and Climate engineering · See more »


Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".

New!!: Cybernetics and Cognition · See more »

Cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking".

New!!: Cybernetics and Cognitive psychology · See more »


Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.

New!!: Cybernetics and Communication · See more »

Complex adaptive system

A complex adaptive system is a system in which a perfect understanding of the individual parts does not automatically convey a perfect understanding of the whole system's behavior.

New!!: Cybernetics and Complex adaptive system · See more »

Complex system

A complex system is a system composed of many components which may interact with each other.

New!!: Cybernetics and Complex system · See more »

Computational complexity theory

Computational complexity theory is a branch of the theory of computation in theoretical computer science that focuses on classifying computational problems according to their inherent difficulty, and relating those classes to each other.

New!!: Cybernetics and Computational complexity theory · See more »

Computer vision

Computer vision is a field that deals with how computers can be made for gaining high-level understanding from digital images or videos.

New!!: Cybernetics and Computer vision · See more »


Connectionism is an approach in the fields of cognitive science, that hopes to represent mental phenomena using artificial neural networks.

New!!: Cybernetics and Connectionism · See more »


Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.

New!!: Cybernetics and Consciousness · See more »

Consensus decision-making

Consensus decision-making is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole.

New!!: Cybernetics and Consensus decision-making · See more »

Control system

A control system manages, commands, directs, or regulates the behavior of other devices or systems using control loops.

New!!: Cybernetics and Control system · See more »

Control system (disambiguation)

A control system is a device or set of devices to manage, command, invade, record, edit, hack, direct or regulate the behavior of other devices or systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Control system (disambiguation) · See more »

Control theory

Control theory in control systems engineering deals with the control of continuously operating dynamical systems in engineered processes and machines.

New!!: Cybernetics and Control theory · See more »

Conversation theory

Conversation theory is a cybernetic and dialectic framework that offers a scientific theory to explain how interactions lead to "construction of knowledge", or "knowing": wishing to preserve both the dynamic/kinetic quality, and the necessity for there to be a "knower".

New!!: Cybernetics and Conversation theory · See more »


Ctesibius or Ktesibios or Tesibius (Κτησίβιος; fl. 285–222 BC) was a Greek inventor and mathematician in Alexandria, Ptolemaic Egypt.

New!!: Cybernetics and Ctesibius · See more »


Cyberethics is the philosophic study of ethics pertaining to computers, encompassing user behavior and what computers are programmed to do, and how this affects individuals and society.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cyberethics · See more »

Cybernetic Serendipity

Cybernetic Serendipity was an exhibition of cybernetic art curated by Jasia Reichardt, shown at the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London in 1968, and then touring the United States.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cybernetic Serendipity · See more »


A cyberneticist or a cybernetician is a person who practices cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cyberneticist · See more »

Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine

Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine is a book written by Norbert Wiener and published in 1948.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine · See more »


A cyborg (short for "'''cyb'''ernetic '''org'''anism") is a being with both organic and biomechatronic body parts.

New!!: Cybernetics and Cyborg · See more »

Dartmouth workshop

The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence was the name of a 1956 summer workshop now considered by many (though not all) to be the seminal event for artificial intelligence as a field.

New!!: Cybernetics and Dartmouth workshop · See more »

Decision support system

A decision support system (DSS) is an information system that supports business or organizational decision-making activities.

New!!: Cybernetics and Decision support system · See more »

Decision theory

Decision theory (or the theory of choice) is the study of the reasoning underlying an agent's choices.

New!!: Cybernetics and Decision theory · See more »

Deming Prize

The Deming Prize is one of the highest awards on TQM (Total Quality Management) in the world that recognizes both individuals for their contributions to the field of Total Quality Management (TQM) and businesses that have successfully implemented TQM.

New!!: Cybernetics and Deming Prize · See more »

Design pattern

A design pattern is the re-usable form of a solution to a design problem.

New!!: Cybernetics and Design pattern · See more »

Dynamical system

In mathematics, a dynamical system is a system in which a function describes the time dependence of a point in a geometrical space.

New!!: Cybernetics and Dynamical system · See more »

Earth system science

Earth system science (ESS) is the application of systems science to the Earth sciences.

New!!: Cybernetics and Earth system science · See more »


Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.

New!!: Cybernetics and Ecology · See more »

Economic planning

Economic planning is a mechanism for the allocation of resources between and within organizations which is held in contrast to the market mechanism.

New!!: Cybernetics and Economic planning · See more »

Edward A. Shanken

Edward A. Shanken (born 1964) is an American art historian, whose work focuses on the entwinement of art, science and technology, with a focus on experimental new media art and visual culture.

New!!: Cybernetics and Edward A. Shanken · See more »


Effectiveness is the capability of producing a desired result or the ability to produce desired output.

New!!: Cybernetics and Effectiveness · See more »


Efficacy is the ability to get a job done satisfactorily.

New!!: Cybernetics and Efficacy · See more »


Efficiency is the (often measurable) ability to avoid wasting materials, energy, efforts, money, and time in doing something or in producing a desired result.

New!!: Cybernetics and Efficiency · See more »

Efficient energy use

Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is the goal to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services.

New!!: Cybernetics and Efficient energy use · See more »

Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

New!!: Cybernetics and Electrical engineering · See more »

Embodied cognition

Embodied cognition is the theory that many features of cognition, whether human or otherwise, are shaped by aspects of the entire body of the organism.

New!!: Cybernetics and Embodied cognition · See more »


In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence occurs when "the whole is greater than the sum of the parts," meaning the whole has properties its parts do not have.

New!!: Cybernetics and Emergence · See more »


Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.

New!!: Cybernetics and Emotion · See more »


Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.

New!!: Cybernetics and Engineering · See more »

Engineering cybernetics

Engineering cybernetics or technical cybernetics, established by H.S. Tsien, is a field of cybernetics, which deals with the question of control engineering of mechatronic systems as well as chemical or biological systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Engineering cybernetics · See more »


Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.

New!!: Cybernetics and Epistemology · See more »

Ernst von Glasersfeld

Ernst von Glasersfeld (March 8, 1917 in Munich – November 12, 2010 in Leverett, Franklin County, Massachusetts) was a philosopher, and emeritus professor of psychology at the University of Georgia, research associate at the Scientific Reasoning Research Institute, and adjunct professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

New!!: Cybernetics and Ernst von Glasersfeld · See more »


Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

New!!: Cybernetics and Evolution · See more »

Evolutionarily stable strategy

An evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) is a strategy which, if adopted by a population in a given environment, cannot be invaded by any alternative strategy that is initially rare.

New!!: Cybernetics and Evolutionarily stable strategy · See more »

Evolutionary biology

Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.

New!!: Cybernetics and Evolutionary biology · See more »

Ștefan Odobleja

Ştefan Odobleja (13 October 1902 – 4 September 1978) was a Romanian scientist considered to be one of the precursors of cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Ștefan Odobleja · See more »


Feedback occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop.

New!!: Cybernetics and Feedback · See more »

Felix Geyer

Rudolf Felix Geyer (born 13 October 1933) is a Dutch sociologist and cybernetician, former head of the methodology section of SISWO (Interuniversity Institute for Social Science Research) at the University of Amsterdam, known for his work in the fields of Social alienation, and on sociocybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Felix Geyer · See more »

First Alcibiades

The First Alcibiades or Alcibiades I (Ἀλκιβιάδης αʹ) is a dialogue featuring Alcibiades in conversation with Socrates.

New!!: Cybernetics and First Alcibiades · See more »

François Jacob

François Jacob (17 June 1920 – 19 April 2013) was a French biologist who, together with Jacques Monod, originated the idea that control of enzyme levels in all cells occurs through regulation of transcription.

New!!: Cybernetics and François Jacob · See more »


France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Cybernetics and France · See more »

Francis Heylighen

Francis Paul Heylighen (born 1960) is a Belgian cyberneticist investigating the emergence and evolution of intelligent organization.

New!!: Cybernetics and Francis Heylighen · See more »

Francisco Varela

Francisco Javier Varela García (September 7, 1946 – May 28, 2001) was a Chilean biologist, philosopher, and neuroscientist who, together with his teacher Humberto Maturana, is best known for introducing the concept of autopoiesis to biology, and for co-founding the Mind and Life Institute to promote dialog between science and Buddhism.

New!!: Cybernetics and Francisco Varela · See more »

Gaia hypothesis

The Gaia hypothesis, also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet.

New!!: Cybernetics and Gaia hypothesis · See more »

Game theory

Game theory is "the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers".

New!!: Cybernetics and Game theory · See more »


In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

New!!: Cybernetics and Gene · See more »

Gene regulatory network

A gene (or genetic) regulatory network (GRN) is a collection of molecular regulators that interact with each other and with other substances in the cell to govern the gene expression levels of mRNA and proteins.

New!!: Cybernetics and Gene regulatory network · See more »

Genetic memory (psychology)

In psychology, genetic memory is a memory present at birth that exists in the absence of sensory experience, and is incorporated into the genome over long spans of time.

New!!: Cybernetics and Genetic memory (psychology) · See more »

George Gamow

George Gamow (March 4, 1904- August 19, 1968), born Georgiy Antonovich Gamov, was a Russian-American theoretical physicist and cosmologist.

New!!: Cybernetics and George Gamow · See more »

Global warming

Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.

New!!: Cybernetics and Global warming · See more »

Gordon Pask

Andrew Gordon Speedie Pask (28 June 1928 – 29 March 1996) was an English author, inventor, educational theorist, cybernetician and psychologist who made significant contributions to cybernetics, instructional psychology, experimental epistemology and educational technology.

New!!: Cybernetics and Gordon Pask · See more »

Gordon S. Brown

Gordon Stanley Brown (August 30, 1907 in Australia – August 23, 1996 in Tucson, Arizona) was a professor of electrical engineering at MIT.

New!!: Cybernetics and Gordon S. Brown · See more »


Governance is all of the processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, a market or a network, over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.

New!!: Cybernetics and Governance · See more »

Governor (device)

A governor, or speed limiter or controller, is a device used to measure and regulate the speed of a machine, such as an engine.

New!!: Cybernetics and Governor (device) · See more »

Gregory Bateson

Gregory Bateson (9 May 1904 – 4 July 1980) was an English anthropologist, social scientist, linguist, visual anthropologist, semiotician, and cyberneticist whose work intersected that of many other fields.

New!!: Cybernetics and Gregory Bateson · See more »

Hans van der Zouwen

Johannes (Hans) van der Zouwen (born 1939) is a Dutch sociologist, and Emeritus Professor of Social Research Methodology at the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, known for his pioneering work with Felix Geyer in the field of sociocybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Hans van der Zouwen · See more »

Harold Stephen Black

Harold Stephen Black (April 14, 1898 – December 11, 1983) was an American electrical engineer, who revolutionized the field of applied electronics by inventing the negative feedback amplifier in 1927.

New!!: Cybernetics and Harold Stephen Black · See more »

Heinz von Foerster

Heinz von Foerster (German spelling: Heinz von Förster; November 13, 1911, Vienna – October 2, 2002, Pescadero, California) was an Austrian American scientist combining physics and philosophy, and widely attributed as the originator of Second-order cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Heinz von Foerster · See more »

Henri Atlan

Henri Atlan (born 27 December 1931 in Blida, French Algeria) is a French biophysicist and philosopher.

New!!: Cybernetics and Henri Atlan · See more »

Herbert Brün

Herbert Brün (July 9, 1918 – November 6, 2000) was a composer and pioneer of electronic and computer music.

New!!: Cybernetics and Herbert Brün · See more »

Hero of Alexandria

Hero of Alexandria (ἭρωνGenitive: Ἥρωνος., Heron ho Alexandreus; also known as Heron of Alexandria; c. 10 AD – c. 70 AD) was a mathematician and engineer who was active in his native city of Alexandria, Roman Egypt.

New!!: Cybernetics and Hero of Alexandria · See more »

Heterostasis (cybernetics)

Heterostasis is a medical term.

New!!: Cybernetics and Heterostasis (cybernetics) · See more »


Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.

New!!: Cybernetics and Homeostasis · See more »

Horst Rittel

Horst Willhelm Jakob Rittel (14 July 1930 – 9 July 1990) was a design theorist and university professor.

New!!: Cybernetics and Horst Rittel · See more »

Human factors and ergonomics

Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Human factors and ergonomics · See more »

Human–robot interaction

Human–robot interaction is the study of interactions between humans and robots.

New!!: Cybernetics and Human–robot interaction · See more »

Humberto Maturana

Humberto Maturana (born September 14, 1928, in Santiago, Chile) is a Chilean biologist.

New!!: Cybernetics and Humberto Maturana · See more »

Hunter B. Shirley

Hunter B. Shirley (December 25, 1927 – November 1, 2010) born Hunter Barentine Shirley, was a longtime licensed clinical psychologist and a former Associate Professor at Wisconsin State University where he headed a psychological research laboratory devoted to evaluating the world's first analog model of the mind.

New!!: Cybernetics and Hunter B. Shirley · See more »

Industrial ecology

Industrial ecology (IE) is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Industrial ecology · See more »

Information theory

Information theory studies the quantification, storage, and communication of information.

New!!: Cybernetics and Information theory · See more »

Intelligence amplification

Intelligence amplification (IA) (also referred to as cognitive augmentation and machine augmented intelligence) refers to the effective use of information technology in augmenting human intelligence.

New!!: Cybernetics and Intelligence amplification · See more »

Interactive art

Interactive art is a form of art that involves the spectator in a way that allows the art to achieve its purpose.

New!!: Cybernetics and Interactive art · See more »


Interconnectivity refers to the state or quality of being connected together, or to the potential to connect in an easy and effective way.

New!!: Cybernetics and Interconnectivity · See more »

Jacques Monod

Jacques Lucien Monod (February 9, 1910 – May 31, 1976), a French biochemist, won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965, sharing it with François Jacob and Andre Lwoff "for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis".

New!!: Cybernetics and Jacques Monod · See more »

Jakob von Uexküll

Jakob Johann Baron von Uexküll (8 September 1864 – 25 July 1944) was a Baltic German biologist who worked in the fields of muscular physiology, animal behaviour studies, and the cybernetics of life.

New!!: Cybernetics and Jakob von Uexküll · See more »

James Clerk Maxwell

James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics.

New!!: Cybernetics and James Clerk Maxwell · See more »

James Watt

James Watt (30 January 1736 (19 January 1736 OS) – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.

New!!: Cybernetics and James Watt · See more »

Jasia Reichardt

Jasia Reichardt (born 1933) is a British art critic, curator, and writer.

New!!: Cybernetics and Jasia Reichardt · See more »

Jay Wright Forrester

Jay Wright Forrester (July 14, 1918 – November 16, 2016) was a pioneering American computer engineer and systems scientist.

New!!: Cybernetics and Jay Wright Forrester · See more »

Joan Littlewood

Joan Maud Littlewood (6 October 1914 – 20 September 2002) was an English theatre director, who trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts, and is best known for her work in developing the Theatre Workshop.

New!!: Cybernetics and Joan Littlewood · See more »

John von Neumann

John von Neumann (Neumann János Lajos,; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, and polymath.

New!!: Cybernetics and John von Neumann · See more »

Julian Bigelow

Julian Bigelow (March 19, 1913 – February 17, 2003) was a pioneering American computer engineer.

New!!: Cybernetics and Julian Bigelow · See more »

Karl U. Smith

Karl Ulrich Smith (born 1 May 1907 in Zanesville, Ohio, d. 22 June 1994 in Lake Wales, Florida) was an American physiologist, psychologist and behavioral cybernetician.

New!!: Cybernetics and Karl U. Smith · See more »

Kenneth D. Bailey (sociologist)

Kenneth D. Bailey (born 1943) is an American sociologist, systems scientist and professor of sociology at the University of California in Los Angeles.

New!!: Cybernetics and Kenneth D. Bailey (sociologist) · See more »

Kenneth E. Boulding

Kenneth Ewart Boulding (January 18, 1910 – March 18, 1993) was an English-born American economist, educator, peace activist, and interdisciplinary philosopher.

New!!: Cybernetics and Kenneth E. Boulding · See more »

Klaus Krippendorff

Klaus Krippendorff (born 1932) is the Gregory Bateson professor for Cybernetics, Language, and Culture at the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg School for Communication.

New!!: Cybernetics and Klaus Krippendorff · See more »

L. Bruce Archer

Leonard Bruce Archer CBE (22 November 1922 – 16 May 2005) was a British mechanical engineer and later Professor of Design Research at the Royal College of Art who championed research in design, and helped to establish design as an academic discipline.

New!!: Cybernetics and L. Bruce Archer · See more »

Labeling theory

Labeling theory is the theory of how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them.

New!!: Cybernetics and Labeling theory · See more »

Larry Richards

Laurence Dale Richards (born 1946) was a key figure in the modern development (since 1981) of cybernetics as a transdisciplinary field of inquiry, often referred to as the new cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Larry Richards · See more »


Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.

New!!: Cybernetics and Law · See more »


Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.

New!!: Cybernetics and Learning · See more »

Learning organization

In business management, a learning organization is a company that facilitates the learning of its members and continuously transforms itself.

New!!: Cybernetics and Learning organization · See more »

Legal science

Legal science is one of the main components in the civil law tradition (after Roman law, canon law, commercial law, and the legacy of the revolutionary period).

New!!: Cybernetics and Legal science · See more »


Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that do have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate.

New!!: Cybernetics and Life · See more »


Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.

New!!: Cybernetics and Logic · See more »

Louis Couffignal

Louis Pierre Couffignal (16 March 1902 – 4 July 1966) was a French mathematician and cybernetics pioneer, born in Monflanquin.

New!!: Cybernetics and Louis Couffignal · See more »

Louis Kauffman

Louis Hirsch Kauffman (born February 3, 1945) is an American mathematician, topologist, and professor of Mathematics in the Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer science at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

New!!: Cybernetics and Louis Kauffman · See more »

Ludwig von Bertalanffy

Karl Ludwig von Bertalanffy (19 September 1901 – 12 June 1972) was an Austrian biologist known as one of the founders of general systems theory (GST).

New!!: Cybernetics and Ludwig von Bertalanffy · See more »


A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action.

New!!: Cybernetics and Machine · See more »

Macy conferences

The Macy Conferences were a set of meetings of scholars from various disciplines held in New York under the direction of Frank Fremont-Smith at the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation starting in 1941 and ending in 1960.

New!!: Cybernetics and Macy conferences · See more »

Management cybernetics

Management cybernetics is the application of cybernetics to management and organizations.

New!!: Cybernetics and Management cybernetics · See more »

Management science

Management science (MS), is the broad interdisciplinary study of problem solving and decision making in human organizations, with strong links to management, economics, business, engineering, management consulting, and other sciences.

New!!: Cybernetics and Management science · See more »

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

New!!: Cybernetics and Massachusetts Institute of Technology · See more »

Mathematical logic

Mathematical logic is a subfield of mathematics exploring the applications of formal logic to mathematics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Mathematical logic · See more »

Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies engineering, physics, engineering mathematics, and materials science principles to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Mechanical engineering · See more »


Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary field of science that includes a combination of mechanical engineering, electronics, computer engineering, telecommunications engineering, systems engineering and control engineering.

New!!: Cybernetics and Mechatronics · See more »

Medical cybernetics

Medical cybernetics is a branch of cybernetics which has been heavily affected by the development of the computer, which applies the concepts of cybernetics to medical research and practice.

New!!: Cybernetics and Medical cybernetics · See more »


A meme is an idea, behavior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture—often with the aim of conveying a particular phenomenon, theme, or meaning represented by the meme.

New!!: Cybernetics and Meme · See more »


Memetics is the study of information and culture based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution.

New!!: Cybernetics and Memetics · See more »


A metamaterial (from the Greek word μετά meta, meaning "beyond") is a material engineered to have a property that is not found in nature.

New!!: Cybernetics and Metamaterial · See more »

Mind–body problem

The mind–body problem is a philosophical problem concerning the relationship between the human mind and body, although it can also concern animal minds, if any, and animal bodies.

New!!: Cybernetics and Mind–body problem · See more »

MIT Media Lab

The MIT Media Lab is an antidisciplinary research laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, growing out of MIT's Architecture Machine Group in the School of Architecture.

New!!: Cybernetics and MIT Media Lab · See more »

MIT Press

The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).

New!!: Cybernetics and MIT Press · See more »

MIT Sloan School of Management

The MIT Sloan School of Management (also known as MIT Sloan or Sloan) is the business school of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

New!!: Cybernetics and MIT Sloan School of Management · See more »

Nancy, France

Nancy (Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.

New!!: Cybernetics and Nancy, France · See more »

Negative feedback

Negative feedback (or balancing feedback) occurs when some function of the output of a system, process, or mechanism is fed back in a manner that tends to reduce the fluctuations in the output, whether caused by changes in the input or by other disturbances.

New!!: Cybernetics and Negative feedback · See more »


net.art refers to a group of artists who have worked in the medium of Internet art since 1994.

New!!: Cybernetics and Net.art · See more »

Network analysis (electrical circuits)

A network, in the context of electronics, is a collection of interconnected components.

New!!: Cybernetics and Network analysis (electrical circuits) · See more »

Network theory

Network theory is the study of graphs as a representation of either symmetric relations or asymmetric relations between discrete objects.

New!!: Cybernetics and Network theory · See more »


Neuropsychology is the study of the structure and function of the brain as they relate to specific psychological processes and behaviours.

New!!: Cybernetics and Neuropsychology · See more »


Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system.

New!!: Cybernetics and Neuroscience · See more »

Nicholas Negroponte

Nicholas Negroponte (born December 1, 1943) is a Greek American architect.

New!!: Cybernetics and Nicholas Negroponte · See more »

Nicolas Bourbaki

Nicolas Bourbaki is the collective pseudonym under which a group of (mainly French) 20th-century mathematicians, with the aim of reformulating mathematics on an extremely abstract and formal but self-contained basis, wrote a series of books beginning in 1935.

New!!: Cybernetics and Nicolas Bourbaki · See more »

Nicolas Schöffer

Nicolas Schöffer (Schöffer Miklós; 6 September 1912 — 8 January 1992) was a Hungarian-born French cybernetic artist.

New!!: Cybernetics and Nicolas Schöffer · See more »

Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964) was an American mathematician and philosopher.

New!!: Cybernetics and Norbert Wiener · See more »


Ontology (introduced in 1606) is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

New!!: Cybernetics and Ontology · See more »

Open-source governance

Open-source governance (also known as open politics) is a political philosophy which advocates the application of the philosophies of the open-source and open-content movements to democratic principles to enable any interested citizen to add to the creation of policy, as with a wiki document.

New!!: Cybernetics and Open-source governance · See more »

Operations research

Operations research, or operational research in British usage, is a discipline that deals with the application of advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions.

New!!: Cybernetics and Operations research · See more »


In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.

New!!: Cybernetics and Organism · See more »


An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.

New!!: Cybernetics and Organization · See more »

Organizational theory

Organizational theory consists of approaches to organizational analysis.

New!!: Cybernetics and Organizational theory · See more »

Outline of Earth sciences

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Earth science: Earth science – all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth.

New!!: Cybernetics and Outline of Earth sciences · See more »

Paul Cockshott

William Paul Cockshott (born 16 March 1952 in Edinburgh) is a Scottish computer scientist, economist and a reader at the University of Glasgow.

New!!: Cybernetics and Paul Cockshott · See more »

Peppered moth

The peppered moth (Biston betularia) is a temperate species of night-flying moth.

New!!: Cybernetics and Peppered moth · See more »

Perceptual control theory

Perceptual control theory (PCT) is a model of behavior based on the principles of negative feedback, but differing in important respects from engineering control theory.

New!!: Cybernetics and Perceptual control theory · See more »


Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

New!!: Cybernetics and Philosophy · See more »

Planetary boundaries

Planetary boundaries is a concept of nine Earth system processes which have boundaries proposed in 2009 by a group of Earth system and environmental scientists led by Johan Rockström from the Stockholm Resilience Centre and Will Steffen from the Australian National University.

New!!: Cybernetics and Planetary boundaries · See more »


Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

New!!: Cybernetics and Plato · See more »

Political science

Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.

New!!: Cybernetics and Political science · See more »

Principia Cybernetica

Principia Cybernetica is an international cooperation of scientists in the field of cybernetics and systems science, especially known for their Principia Cybernetica Website.

New!!: Cybernetics and Principia Cybernetica · See more »

Project Cybersyn

Project Cybersyn was a Chilean project from 1971–1973 during the presidency of Salvador Allende aimed at constructing a distributed decision support system to aid in the management of the national economy.

New!!: Cybernetics and Project Cybersyn · See more »


Psycho-Cybernetics is a self-help book written by Maxwell Maltz in 1960.

New!!: Cybernetics and Psycho-Cybernetics · See more »


Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

New!!: Cybernetics and Psychology · See more »

Pyotr Anokhin

Pyotr Kuzmich Anokhin (Пётр Кузьми́ч Ано́хин) (January 26, 1898 – March 5, 1974) was a Russian biologist and physiologist, author of Theory of functional systems and concept of systemogenesis.

New!!: Cybernetics and Pyotr Anokhin · See more »

Qian Xuesen

Qian Xuesen, or Hsue-Shen Tsien (11 December 1911 – 31 October 2009), was a prominent Chinese aerodynamicist and cyberneticist who contributed to rocket science and established engineering cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Qian Xuesen · See more »

Ranulph Glanville

Ranulph Glanville (13 June 1946 – 20 December 2014) was an Anglo-Irish cybernetician, design researcher, theorist, educator and multi-platform artist/designer/performer, who was professor of research in Innovation Design Engineering at the Royal College of Art, London, professor of research design in the Faculty of Architecture Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium, and adjunct professor of design research at Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, Melbourne.

New!!: Cybernetics and Ranulph Glanville · See more »

Ratio Club

The Ratio Club was a small informal dining club of young psychiatrists, psychologists, physiologists, mathematicians and engineers who met to discuss issues in cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Ratio Club · See more »


Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.

New!!: Cybernetics and Regulation · See more »


A riot is a form of civil disorder commonly characterized by a group lashing out in a violent public disturbance against authority, property or people.

New!!: Cybernetics and Riot · See more »


Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science, and others.

New!!: Cybernetics and Robotics · See more »


A role (also rôle or social role) is a set of connected behaviors, rights, obligations, beliefs, and norms as conceptualized by people in a social situation.

New!!: Cybernetics and Role · See more »

Roy Ascott

Roy Ascott (born 26 October 1934) is a British artist, who works with cybernetics and telematics, on an art which is technoetic, focusing on the impact of digital and telecommunications networks on consciousness. Ascott exhibits internationally (including the Biennales of Venice and Shanghai), and is collected by Tate Britain and Arts Council England. He is recognised by Ars Electronica as the “visionary pioneer of media art”, and widely seen as a radical innovator in arts education and research, having occupied leading academic roles in England, Europe, North America, and China, and currently establishing his Technoetic Arts studio in Shanghai, and directing a worldwide doctoral research network. He is President of the Planetary Collegium, Professor of Technoetic Arts Plymouth University, and the De Tao Master of Technoetic Arts at the DeTao Masters Academy in Shanghai. He is the founding editor of the research journal Technoetic Arts, an honorary editor of Leonardo Journal, and author of the book Telematic Embrace: Visionary Theories of Art, Technology and Consciousness. University of California Press He is recipient of the Prix Ars Electronica Golden Nica award for Visionary Pioneer of Media Art 2014. The award is for “those men and women whose artistic, technological and social achievements have decisively influenced and advanced the development of new artistic directions.” He is a Doctor Honoris Causa of Ionian University, Corfu, Greece; Honorary Professor at Aalborg University Copenhagen; Honorary Professor at University of West London.

New!!: Cybernetics and Roy Ascott · See more »

Scientific American

Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.

New!!: Cybernetics and Scientific American · See more »

Second-order cybernetics

Second-order cybernetics, also known as the cybernetics of cybernetics, is the recursive application of cybernetics to itself.

New!!: Cybernetics and Second-order cybernetics · See more »


Self-organization, also called (in the social sciences) spontaneous order, is a process where some form of overall order arises from local interactions between parts of an initially disordered system.

New!!: Cybernetics and Self-organization · See more »

Self-organization in cybernetics

Self-organization, a process where some form of overall order arises out of the local interactions between parts of an initially disordered system, was discovered in cybernetics by William Ross Ashby in 1947.

New!!: Cybernetics and Self-organization in cybernetics · See more »


Self-replication is any behavior of a dynamical system that yields construction of an identical copy of itself.

New!!: Cybernetics and Self-replication · See more »


Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.

New!!: Cybernetics and Semiotics · See more »


Simulation is the imitation of the operation of a real-world process or system.

New!!: Cybernetics and Simulation · See more »

Simulation modeling

Simulation modeling is the process of creating and analyzing a digital prototype of a physical model to predict its performance in the real world.

New!!: Cybernetics and Simulation modeling · See more »

Smart contract

A smart contract is a computer protocol intended to digitally facilitate, verify, or enforce the negotiation or performance of a contract.

New!!: Cybernetics and Smart contract · See more »

Smart mob

A smart mob is a group whose coordination and communication abilities have been empowered by digital communication technologies.

New!!: Cybernetics and Smart mob · See more »

Social control

Social control is a concept within the disciplines of the social sciences.

New!!: Cybernetics and Social control · See more »

Social system

In sociology, a social system is the patterned network of relationships constituting a coherent whole that exist between individuals, groups, and institutions.

New!!: Cybernetics and Social system · See more »

Socio-ecological system

A social-ecological system consists of 'a bio-geo-physical' unit and its associated social actors and institutions.

New!!: Cybernetics and Socio-ecological system · See more »


Sociocybernetics is an independent chapter of science in sociology based upon the general systems theory and cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Sociocybernetics · See more »


Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.

New!!: Cybernetics and Sociology · See more »

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

New!!: Cybernetics and Soviet Union · See more »

Stafford Beer

Stafford Beer (born Anthony Stafford Beer, 25 September 1926 – 23 August 2002) was a British theorist, consultant and professor at the Manchester Business School.

New!!: Cybernetics and Stafford Beer · See more »


Structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system, or the object or system so organized.

New!!: Cybernetics and Structure · See more »

Stuart Umpleby

Stuart Anspach Umpleby (born March 5, 1944) is an American cybernetician and professor in the Department of Management and Director of the Research Program in Social and Organizational Learning in the School of Business at the George Washington University.

New!!: Cybernetics and Stuart Umpleby · See more »

Su Song

Su Song (courtesy name: Zirong 子容) (1020–1101 AD) was a renowned Hokkien polymath who was described as a scientist, mathematician, statesman, astronomer, cartographer, horologist, medical doctor, pharmacologist, mineralogist, zoologist, botanist, mechanical and architectural engineer, poet, antiquarian, and ambassador of the Song Dynasty (960–1279).

New!!: Cybernetics and Su Song · See more »


A superorganism or supraorganism (the latter is less frequently used but more etymologically correct) is a group of synergetically interacting organisms of the same species.

New!!: Cybernetics and Superorganism · See more »


Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.

New!!: Cybernetics and Sustainability · See more »

Synergetics (Haken)

Synergetics is an interdisciplinary science explaining the formation and self-organization of patterns and structures in open systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium.

New!!: Cybernetics and Synergetics (Haken) · See more »

Synthetic biology

Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology and engineering.

New!!: Cybernetics and Synthetic biology · See more »


A system is a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming an integrated whole.

New!!: Cybernetics and System · See more »

System accident

A system accident is an "unanticipated interaction of multiple failures" in a complex system.

New!!: Cybernetics and System accident · See more »

System dynamics

System dynamics (SD) is an approach to understanding the nonlinear behaviour of complex systems over time using stocks, flows, internal feedback loops, table functions and time delays.

New!!: Cybernetics and System dynamics · See more »

Systemic design

Systemic design is a recent initiative in design that integrates systems thinking and human-centered design, with the intention of helping designers cope with complex design projects.

New!!: Cybernetics and Systemic design · See more »

Systems art

Systems art is art influenced by cybernetics, and systems theory, that reflects on natural systems, social systems and social signs of the art world itself.

New!!: Cybernetics and Systems art · See more »

Systems biology

Systems biology is the computational and mathematical modeling of complex biological systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Systems biology · See more »

Systems engineering

Systems engineering is an interdisciplinary field of engineering and engineering management that focuses on how to design and manage complex systems over their life cycles.

New!!: Cybernetics and Systems engineering · See more »

Systems psychology

Systems psychology is a branch of both theoretical psychology and applied psychology that studies human behaviour and experience in complex systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Systems psychology · See more »

Systems theory

Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Systems theory · See more »

Szolem Mandelbrojt

Szolem Mandelbrojt (10 January 1899 – 23 September 1983) was a Polish-French mathematician who specialized in mathematical analysis.

New!!: Cybernetics and Szolem Mandelbrojt · See more »

Talcott Parsons

Talcott Parsons (December 13, 1902 – May 8, 1979) was an American sociologist of the classical tradition, best known for his social action theory and structural functionalism.

New!!: Cybernetics and Talcott Parsons · See more »

Technological convergence

This article describe science and technology convergence, with illustrations to convergence of emerging technologies (NBIC, nano-, bio-, info- and cognitive technologies) and convergence of media technology.

New!!: Cybernetics and Technological convergence · See more »


Tektology (sometimes transliterated as "tectology") is a term used by Alexander Bogdanov to describe a discipline that consisted of unifying all social, biological and physical sciences by considering them as systems of relationships and by seeking the organizational principles that underlie all systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Tektology · See more »

Telematic art

Telematic art is a descriptive of art projects using computer mediated telecommunications networks as their medium.

New!!: Cybernetics and Telematic art · See more »


Teleology or finality is a reason or explanation for something in function of its end, purpose, or goal.

New!!: Cybernetics and Teleology · See more »

The Human Use of Human Beings

The Human Use of Human Beings is a book by Norbert Wiener, the founding thinker of cybernetics theory and an influential advocate of automation; it was first published in 1950 and revised in 1954.

New!!: Cybernetics and The Human Use of Human Beings · See more »

Total quality management

Total quality management (TQM) consists of organization-wide efforts to install and make a permanent climate in which an organization continuously improves its ability to deliver high-quality products and services to customers.

New!!: Cybernetics and Total quality management · See more »


Transdisciplinarity connotes a research strategy that crosses many disciplinary boundaries to create a holistic approach.

New!!: Cybernetics and Transdisciplinarity · See more »

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

New!!: Cybernetics and United Kingdom · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Cybernetics and United States · See more »

University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.

New!!: Cybernetics and University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign · See more »

Variety (cybernetics)

In cybernetics, the term variety denotes the total number of distinct states of a system.

New!!: Cybernetics and Variety (cybernetics) · See more »

Viable system theory

Viable system theory (VST) concerns cybernetic processes in relation to the development/evolution of dynamical systems.

New!!: Cybernetics and Viable system theory · See more »

Viable systems approach

The viable systems approach (VSA) is a systems theory in which the observed entities and their environment are interpreted through a systemic viewpoint, starting with the analysis of fundamental elements and finally considering more complex related systems (von Bertalanffy, 1968).

New!!: Cybernetics and Viable systems approach · See more »

Victor Glushkov

Victor Mikhailovich Glushkov (a; August 24, 1923 – January 30, 1982) was a Soviet mathematician, the founding father of information technology in the Soviet Union, and one of the founders of Cybernetics.

New!!: Cybernetics and Victor Glushkov · See more »

Von Neumann cellular automaton

Von Neumann cellular automata are the original expression of cellular automata, the development of which were prompted by suggestions made to John von Neumann by his close friend and fellow mathematician Stanislaw Ulam.

New!!: Cybernetics and Von Neumann cellular automaton · See more »

Von Neumann universal constructor

John von Neumann's universal constructor is a self-replicating machine in a cellular automata (CA) environment.

New!!: Cybernetics and Von Neumann universal constructor · See more »

W. Edwards Deming

William Edwards Deming (October 14, 1900 – December 20, 1993) was an American engineer, statistician, professor, author, lecturer, and management consultant.

New!!: Cybernetics and W. Edwards Deming · See more »

W. Ross Ashby


New!!: Cybernetics and W. Ross Ashby · See more »

Walter Pitts

Walter Harry Pitts, Jr. (23 April 1923 – 14 May 1969) was a logician who worked in the field of computational neuroscience.

New!!: Cybernetics and Walter Pitts · See more »

Warren Sturgis McCulloch

Warren Sturgis McCulloch (November 16, 1898 – September 24, 1969) was an American neurophysiologist and cybernetician, known for his work on the foundation for certain brain theories and his contribution to the cybernetics movement.

New!!: Cybernetics and Warren Sturgis McCulloch · See more »

Water clock

A water clock or clepsydra (Greek κλεψύδρα from κλέπτειν kleptein, 'to steal'; ὕδωρ hydor, 'water') is any timepiece in which time is measured by the regulated flow of liquid into (inflow type) or out from (outflow type) a vessel where the amount is then measured.

New!!: Cybernetics and Water clock · See more »

William Grey Walter

William Grey Walter (February 19, 1910 – May 6, 1977) was an American-born British neurophysiologist, cybernetician and robotician.

New!!: Cybernetics and William Grey Walter · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Cybernetics and World War II · See more »

Redirects here:

Cybernetic, Cybernetic system, History of cybernetics, Tha Masta.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cybernetics

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »