161 relations: Active mobility, Acute (medicine), Air pollution, Anatomical terms of location, Arthritis, Bicing, Bicycle, Bicycle bell, Bicycle carrier, Bicycle culture, Bicycle frame, Bicycle gearing, Bicycle handlebar, Bicycle helmet, Bicycle messenger, Bicycle parking rack, Bicycle pedal, Bicycle pump, Bicycle rodeo, Bicycle saddle, Bicycle safety, Bicycle touring, Bicycle-friendly, Bicycle-sharing system, Bike lane, Bike path, Bikeability, Bikeway and legislation, Bikeway safety, Black Dog Publishing, Bogotá, Breathing, Bunny hop (cycling), Carbon dioxide, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Central London, Challenge riding, Charles Minthorn Murphy, City, Cleat (shoe), Commuting, Crankset, Criterium, Critical Mass (cycling), Cruiser bicycle, Cycle sport, Cycle track, Cycling club, Cycling glove, Cycling in the Netherlands, ..., Cycling infrastructure, Cycling shoe, Cycling shorts, Cyclo-cross, Cyclocomputer, Cyclosportive, Dabbawala, Damien Hirst, Derailleur gears, Direct action, Dooring, Drafting (aerodynamics), Dutch people, ELTIS, EMedicine, Energy conservation, European Cyclists' Federation, Exercise, Fietsvierdaagse, Folding bicycle, Fossil fuel, Gluteus maximus, Good Roads Movement, Grand Tour (cycling), Haarlem, Hex key, Hillclimbing (cycling), Ho Chi Minh trail, Horses in warfare, Hour record, Hub gear, Human factors and ergonomics, Human-powered transport, Individual time trial, Injury, Inter-city rail, Interchange (road), International Human Powered Vehicle Association, John Wiley & Sons, League of American Bicyclists, Locomotive, London Ambulance Service, Long Island, Mail, Malayan Campaign, Marching and Cycling Band HHK, Mercedes-Benz, Modal share, Mode of transport, Motor vehicle, Mount Tamalpais, Mountain biking, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, New York (state), Noise pollution, Obesity, Outline of bicycles, Outline of cycling, Oxford University Press, Paramedic, Paris–Brest–Paris, Peloton, Police bicycle, Pudendal nerve entrapment, Quadracycle, Racing bicycle, Randonneuring, Recreation, Recumbent bicycle, Reliability trial, Retroreflector, Risk, Risk–benefit ratio, Royal Mail, Rural area, Safety bicycle, Scientific evidence, Second Boer War, Sindelfingen, Snow tire, Sperm, Sport, Stationary bicycle, Statistics Netherlands, Sustrans, Testicular cancer, Tire iron, Tobacco smoking, Tour de France, Track bicycle, Track cycling, Traffic calming, Traffic congestion, Transport, Triathlon, Tricycle, Ulnar nerve, Unicycle, Union Cycliste Internationale, Urban area, USA Cycling, Utility bicycle, Vehicular cycling, Velo-city, Velocipede, Velodrome, Vietnam War, Weight-bearing, World Bank Group, World Health Organization, World War II. Expand index (111 more) » « Shrink index
Active mobility, active travel, active transport or active transportation, is a form of transport of people and sometimes goods, that only uses the physical activity of the human being for the locomotion.
In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.
Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints.
Bicing is a bicycle sharing system in Barcelona inaugurated on March 22, 2007.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
A bicycle bell is a percussive signaling instrument mounted on a bicycle for warning pedestrians and other cyclists.
A bicycle carrier, also commonly called a bike rack, is a device attached to an automobile or bus for transporting bicycles.
Bicycle culture can refer to a mainstream culture that supports the use of bicycles or to a subculture.
A bicycle frame is the main component of a bicycle, onto which wheels and other components are fitted.
Bicycle gearing is the aspect of a bicycle drivetrain that determines the relation between the cadence, the rate at which the rider pedals, and the rate at which the drive wheel turns.
A bicycle handlebar or bicycle handlebars is the steering control for bicycles; it is the equivalent of a steering wheel for vehicles and vessels.
A bicycle helmet is designed to attenuate impacts to the head of a cyclist in falls while minimizing side effects such as interference with peripheral vision.
Bicycle messengers (also known as bike or cycle couriers) are people who work for courier companies (also known as messenger companies) carrying and delivering items by bicycle.
A bicycle parking rack, usually shortened to bike rack and also called a bicycle stand, is a device to which bicycles can be securely attached for parking purposes.
The bicycle pedal is the part of a bicycle that the rider pushes with their foot to propel the bicycle.
A bicycle pump is a type of positive-displacement air pump specifically designed for inflating bicycle tires.
A bicycle rodeo is a clinic to teach children the skills and precautions to ride a bicycle safely.
A bicycle saddle, often called a seat, is one of three contact points on an upright bicycle, the others being the pedals and the handlebars.
Bicycle safety is the use of road traffic safety practices to reduce risk associated with cycling.
Bicycle touring means self-contained cycling trips for pleasure, adventure, and autonomy rather than sport, commuting, or exercise.
Bicycle-friendly policies and practices help some people feel more comfortable about traveling by bicycle with other traffic.
A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.
Bike lanes (US) or cycle lanes (UK) are types of bikeways (cycleways) with lanes on the roadway for cyclists only.
A bike path is a bikeway separated from motorized traffic and dedicated to cycling or shared with pedestrians or other non-motorized users.
Bikeability is about the ability to cycle and/or a term for the extent to which an environment is friendly for bicycling.
One of the potential pitfalls for observers trying to interpret the operation of bikeways (or segregated cycle facilities) is that the same legal assumptions do not apply in all environments.
Dedicated or segregated cycle facilities are controversial, in particular concerning safety.
Black Dog Publishing (London UK) is a British publishing company specialising in illustrated non-fiction books on contemporary culture.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
Breathing (or respiration, or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly by bringing in oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide.
The bunny hop or bunnyhop, is a bicycle trick that allows the rider to launch their bike into the air as if jumping off a ramp.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a medical condition due to compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel.
Central London is the innermost part of London, in the United Kingdom, spanning several boroughs.
Challenge riding is a form of cycling where the riders challenge themselves rather than each other.
Charles Minthorn Murphy (October 1870 – February 16, 1950), also known as Mile-a-Minute Murphy, was an American cycling athlete.
A city is a large human settlement.
Cleats or studs are protrusions on the sole of a shoe, or on an external attachment to a shoe, that provide additional traction on a soft or slippery surface.
Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.
The crankset (in the US) or chainset (in the UK), is the component of a bicycle drivetrain that converts the reciprocating motion of the rider's legs into rotational motion used to drive the chain or belt, which in turn drives the rear wheel.
A criterium, or crit, is a bike race consisting of several laps around a closed circuit, the length of each lap or circuit ranging from about 800 m to 10,000 m.
Critical Mass is a cycling event typically held on the last Friday of every month; its purpose is not usually formalized beyond the direct action of meeting at a set location and time and traveling as a group through city or town streets on bikes.
A cruiser bicycle, also known as a beach cruiser or (formerly) motobike, is a bicycle that usually combines balloon tires, an upright seating posture, a single-speed drivetrain, and straightforward steel construction with expressive styling.
Cycle sport is competitive physical activity using bicycles.
A cycle track, separated bike lane or protected bike lane (sometimes historically referred to as a sidepath), is an exclusive bikeway that has elements of a separated path and on-road bike lane.
A cycling club is a society for cyclists.
Cycling gloves are gloves designed for cycling.
Cycling is a common mode of transport in the Netherlands, with 36% of the people listing the bicycle as their most frequent mode of transport on a typical day as opposed to the car by 45% and public transport by 11%.
Cycling infrastructure refers to all infrastructure which may be used by cyclists.
Cycling shoes are shoes purpose-built for cycling.
Cycling shorts (also known as bike shorts, bicycling shorts, chamois, knicks, or spats) are short, skin-tight legwear designed to improve comfort and efficiency while cycling.
Cyclocross (sometimes cyclo-cross, CX, cyclo-X or cross) is a form of bicycle racing.
A cyclocomputer, cycle computer, cycling computer or cyclometer (obs.) is a device mounted on a bicycle that calculates and displays trip information, similar to the instruments in the dashboard of a car.
A cyclosportive, or often simply sportive, is a short to long distance, organised, mass-participation cycling event, typically held annually.
The dabbawalas (also spelled dabbawallas or dabbawallahs, called tiffin wallahs in older sources) constitute a lunchbox delivery and return system that delivers hot lunches from homes and restaurants to people at work in India, especially in Mumbai.
Damien Steven Hirst (born 7 June 1965) is an English artist, entrepreneur, and art collector.
Derailleur gears are a variable-ratio transmission system commonly used on bicycles, consisting of a chain, multiple sprockets of different sizes, and a mechanism to move the chain from one sprocket to another.
Direct action occurs when a group takes an action which is intended to reveal an existing problem, highlight an alternative, or demonstrate a possible solution to a social issue.
Dooring is a traffic collision in which a cyclist rides into a car door or is struck by a car door that was opened quickly without checking the side mirror for cyclists.
Drafting or slipstreaming is a technique where two vehicles or other moving objects are caused to align in a close group reducing the overall effect of drag due to exploiting the lead object's slipstream.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
The European Local Transport Information Service (ELTIS) is a non-profit European portal for local transport news and events, transport measures, policies and practices implemented in cities and regions in Europe.
eMedicine.com, Incorporated is an online clinical medical knowledge base founded in 1996 by two medical doctors, Scott Plantz and Jonathan Adler, and by Jeffrey Berezin, a computer engineer.
Energy conservation is the effort made to reduce the consumption of energy by using less of an energy service.
European Cyclists' Federation (ECF) is an umbrella federation for national cycling organizations (organizations that promote bike for urban mobility) throughout Europe.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
The fietsvierdaagse ("cycling four-day") is a Dutch bicycle event.
A folding bicycle is a bicycle designed to fold into a compact form, facilitating transport and storage.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
The gluteus maximus (also known collectively with the gluteus medius and minimus, as the gluteal muscles, and sometimes referred to informally as the "glutes") is the main extensor muscle of the hip.
The Good Roads Movement occurred in the United States between the late 1870s and the 1920s.
In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour is one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España.
Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.
A hex key, Allen key or Allen wrench is a tool used to drive bolts and screws with hexagonal sockets in their heads.
A hill climb is a cycling event, as well as a basic skill of the sport.
The Hồ Chí Minh trail (also known in Vietnam as the "Trường Sơn trail") was a logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) through the kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia.
The first use of horses in warfare occurred over 5,000 years ago.
The hour record is the record for the longest distance cycled in one hour on a bicycle from a stationary start.
A hub gear, internal-gear hub, or just gear hub is a gear ratio changing system commonly used on bicycles that is implemented with planetary or epicyclic gears.
Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.
Human-powered transport is the transport of person(s) and/or goods using human muscle power.
An individual time trial (ITT) is a road bicycle race in which cyclists race alone against the clock on flat or rolling terrain, or up a mountain road such as Alpe d'Huez (in French: contre la montre – literally "against the watch", in Italian: tappa a cronometro "stopwatch stage").
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional trains.
In the field of road transport, an interchange is a road junction that uses grade separation, and typically one or more ramps, to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without interruption from any other crossing traffic stream.
The International Human Powered Vehicle Association (IHPVA) is dedicated to promoting the design and development of human powered vehicles.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
The League of American Bicyclists (LAB) is a non-profit membership organization which promotes cycling for fun, fitness and transportation through advocacy and education.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
The London Ambulance Service (LAS) is a National Health Service trust that is responsible for answering and responding to urgent and emergency medical situations within London.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcards, letters, and parcels.
The Malayan Campaign was a military campaign fought by Allied and Axis forces in Malaya, from 8 December 1941 – 31 January 1942 during the Second World War.
The Marching and Cycling Band HHK was a marching band from Haarlem, The Netherlands which existed from 1964 until 2014, started by a fusion in 1964 of two anchestor bands: Kunstkring Apollo and Harmonie Crescendo under the name of Haarlems Harmonie Kapel (HHK).
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
A modal share (also called mode split, mode-share, or modal split) is the percentage of travellers using a particular type of transportation or number of trips using said type.
Mode of transport is a term used to distinguish substantially different ways to perform.
A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.
Mount Tamalpais (Coast Miwok:, known locally as Mount Tam) is a peak in Marin County, California, United States, often considered symbolic of Marin County.
Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
Sound pollution, also known as environmental noise or noise pollution, is the propagation of noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to bicycles: Bicycle – pedal-driven, human-powered, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to cycling: Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, or for sport.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
A paramedic is a healthcare professional who responds to medical emergencies outside of a hospital.
Paris–Brest–Paris (PBP) is a long-distance cycling event.
In a road bicycle race, the peloton (from French, originally meaning 'platoon') is the main group or pack of riders.
A police bicycle is a land vehicle used by police departments, most commonly in the form of a mountain bicycle.
Pudendal nerve entrapment (PNE), also known as Alcock canal syndrome, is an uncommon source of chronic pain, in which the pudendal nerve (located in the pelvis) is entrapped or compressed.
A quadracycle is a four-wheeled human-powered land vehicle.
A racing bicycle, also known as a road bike, and once popularly known as a ten speed, is a bicycle designed for competitive road cycling, a sport governed by according to the rules of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).
Randonneuring (also known as Audax in the UK, Australia and Brazil) is a long-distance cycling sport with its origins in audax cycling.
Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.
A recumbent bicycle is a bicycle that places the rider in a laid-back reclining position.
A reliability trial is an organised bicycle ride which challenges a cyclist to complete a course, passing through designated control points, within a preset time limit.
A retroreflector (sometimes called a retroflector or cataphote) is a device or surface that reflects light back to its source with a minimum of scattering.
Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value.
A risk–benefit ratio is the ratio of the risk of an action to its potential benefits.
Royal Mail plc (Post Brenhinol; a' Phuist Rìoghail) is a postal service and courier company in the United Kingdom, originally established in 1516.
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.
A safety bicycle (or simply a safety) is a type of bicycle that became very popular beginning in the late 1880s as an alternative to the penny-farthing ("ordinary") and is now the most common type of bicycle.
Scientific evidence is evidence which serves to either support or counter a scientific theory or hypothesis.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Sindelfingen is a German town near Stuttgart at the headwaters of the Schwippe (a tributary of the river Würm), which is home to a Mercedes-Benz assembly plant.
Snow tires—also called winter tires—are tires designed for use on snow and ice.
Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed").
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
A stationary bicycle (also known as exercise bicycle, exercise bike, spinning bike, or exercycle) is a device with saddle, pedals, and some form of handlebars arranged as on a bicycle, but used as exercise equipment rather than transportation.
Statistics Netherlands, founded in 1899, is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands.
Sustrans is a UK sustainable transport charity.
Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system.
A tire iron (also tire lever or tire spoon) is a specialized metal tool used in working with tires.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
A track bicycle or track bike is a bicycle optimized for racing at a velodrome or outdoor track.
Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles.
Traffic calming uses physical design and other measures to improve safety for motorists, pedestrians and cyclists.
Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
A triathlon is a multiple-stage competition involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance disciplines.
A tricycle, often abbreviated to trike, is a human-powered (or gravity-powered) three-wheeled vehicle.
In human anatomy, the ulnar nerve is a nerve that runs near the ulna bone.
A unicycle is a vehicle that touches the ground with only one wheel.
The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI;, International Cycling Union) is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
USA Cycling or USAC, based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, is the national governing body for bicycle racing in the United States.
A utility bicycle is a bicycle designed for practical transportation, as opposed to those primarily for recreation and competition, such as touring bicycles, racing bicycles, and mountain bicycles.
Vehicular cycling (also known as bicycle driving) is the practice of riding bicycles on roads in a manner that is in accordance with the principles for driving in traffic, and in a way that places responsibility for safety on the individual.
Velo-city is a series of cycle planning conferences that started in 1980 in Bremen.
A velocipede is a human-powered land vehicle with one or more wheels.
A velodrome is an arena for track cycling.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
In orthopedics, weight-bearing is the amount of weight a patient puts on the leg on which surgery has been performed.
The World Bank Group (WBG) (Groupe de la Banque mondiale) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
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