13 relations: Adenosine triphosphate, Aspartate carbamoyltransferase, Cofactor (biochemistry), CTP synthetase, Cytidine, Cytosine, Glycerophospholipid, Glycosylation, Nucleoside triphosphate, Pyrimidine, Pyrimidine metabolism, RNA, Substrate (chemistry).
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
Aspartate carbamoyltransferase (also known as aspartate transcarbamoylase or ATCase) catalyzes the first step in the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway.
A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for an enzyme's activity.
CTP synthetase is an enzyme involved in pyrimidine biosynthesis that interconverts UTP and CTP.
Cytidine is a nucleoside molecule that is formed when cytosine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond.
Cytosine (C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
Glycerophospholipids or phosphoglycerides are glycerol-based phospholipids.
Glycosylation (see also chemical glycosylation) is the reaction in which a carbohydrate, i.e. a glycosyl donor, is attached to a hydroxyl or other functional group of another molecule (a glycosyl acceptor).
A nucleoside triphosphate is a molecule containing a nitrogenous base bound to a 5-carbon sugar (either ribose or deoxyribose), with three phosphate groups bound to the sugar.
Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine.
Pyrimidine biosynthesis occurs both in the body and through organic synthesis.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.