54 relations: Adenosine diphosphate, Adenosine monophosphate, Adenosine triphosphate, Apical dominance, Arabidopsis thaliana, Autophosphorylation, Auxin, Axillary bud, Biological pest control, Biosynthesis, Callus (cell biology), Cambium, Catalysis, Cell (biology), Cell division, Cellular differentiation, Coconut milk, Cytokinesis, Cytokinin signaling and response regulator protein, Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, Endoplasmic reticulum, Folke K. Skoog, Histidine kinase, Kinetin, Moss, Nicotiana tabacum, Non-mevalonate pathway, Nutrient, Parenchyma, Plant hormone, Plant senescence, Pleiotropy, Prenylation, Protein, Protonema, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas syringae, Rate-determining step, Root, Shoot, Substrate (chemistry), Thidiazuron, Transcription factor, Transfer RNA, Transgene, TRNA isopentenyltransferase, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Uridine, Vascular plant, Xylem, ..., Zea (plant), Zeatin, 1,3-Diphenylurea, 6-Benzylaminopurine. Expand index (4 more) » « Shrink index
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP), also known as adenosine pyrophosphate (APP), is an important organic compound in metabolism and is essential to the flow of energy in living cells.
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP), also known as 5'-adenylic acid, is a nucleotide.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
Apical dominance is the phenomenon whereby the main, central stem of the plant is dominant over (i.e., grows more strongly than) other side stems; on a branch the main stem of the branch is further dominant over its own side branchlets.
Arabidopsis thaliana, the thale cress, mouse-ear cress or arabidopsis, is a small flowering plant native to Eurasia and Africa.
Autophosphorylation is a type of post-translational modification of proteins.
Auxins (plural of auxin) are a class of plant hormones (or plant growth regulators) with some morphogen-like characteristics.
The axillary bud (or lateral bud) is an embryonic shoot located in the axil of a leaf.
Biological control or biocontrol is a method of controlling pests such as insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases using other organisms.
Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.
Plant callus (plural calluses or calli) is a growing mass of unorganized plant parenchyma cells.
A cambium (plural cambia or cambiums), in botany, is a tissue layer that provides partially undifferentiated cells for plant growth.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
Cell division is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells.
In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process where a cell changes from one cell type to another.
Coconut milk is the liquid that comes from the grated meat of a mature coconut.
Cytokinesis is the part of the cell division process during which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cell divides into two daughter cells.
A cytokinin signaling and response regulator protein is a plant protein that is involved in a two step cytokinin signaling and response regulation pathway.
Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP; or alternatively, dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMADP); also isoprenyl pyrophosphate) is an isoprenoid precursor.
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a type of organelle found in eukaryotic cells that forms an interconnected network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs or tube-like structures known as cisternae.
Folke Karl Skoog (July 15, 1908 – February 15, 2001) was a Swedish-born American plant physiologist who was a pioneer in the field of plant growth regulators, particularly cytokinins.
Histidine kinases (HK) are multifunctional, and in non-animal kingdoms, typically transmembrane, proteins of the transferase class of enzymes that play a role in signal transduction across the cellular membrane.
Kinetin (/'kaɪnɪtɪn/) is a type of cytokinin, a class of plant hormone that promotes cell division.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
Nicotiana tabacum, or cultivated tobacco, is an annually-grown herbaceous plant.
The non-mevalonate pathway—also appearing as the mevalonate-independent pathway and the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate/1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (MEP/DOXP) pathway—is an alternative metabolic pathway for the biosynthesis of the isoprenoid precursors isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP).
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Parenchyma is the bulk of a substance.
Plant hormones (also known as phytohormones) are chemicals that regulate plant growth.
Plant senescence is the process of aging in plants.
Pleiotropy (from Greek πλείων pleion, "more", and τρόπος tropos, "way") occurs when one gene influences two or more seemingly unrelated phenotypic traits.
Prenylation (also known as isoprenylation or lipidation) is the addition of hydrophobic molecules to a protein or chemical compound.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
A protonema (plural: protonemata) is a thread-like chain of cells that forms the earliest stage (the haploid phase) of the life cycle of mosses and liverworts.
Pseudomonas fluorescens is a common Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium.
Pseudomonas syringae is a rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium with polar flagella.
In chemical kinetics, the overall rate of a reaction is often approximately determined by the slowest step, known as the rate-determining step (RDS) or rate-limiting step.
In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.
In botany, shoots consist of stems including their appendages, the leaves and lateral buds, flowering stems and flower buds.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.
Thidiazuron (IUPAC name 1-phenyl-3- (1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl) urea, other names TDZ) is a herbicide.
In molecular biology, a transcription factor (TF) (or sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that controls the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA, by binding to a specific DNA sequence.
A transfer RNA (abbreviated tRNA and formerly referred to as sRNA, for soluble RNA) is an adaptor molecule composed of RNA, typically 76 to 90 nucleotides in length, that serves as the physical link between the mRNA and the amino acid sequence of proteins.
A transgene is a gene or genetic material that has been transferred naturally, or by any of a number of genetic engineering techniques from one organism to another.
In enzymology, a tRNA isopentenyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are isopentenyl diphosphate and tRNA, whereas its two products are diphosphate and tRNA containing 6-isopentenyladenosine.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison (also known as University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, UW, or regionally as UW–Madison, or simply Madison) is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin, United States.
Uridine is a glycosylated pyrimidine-analog containing uracil attached to a ribose ring (or more specifically, a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond.
Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.
Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other.
Zea is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family.
Zeatin is a cytokinin derived from adenine.
1,3-Diphenylurea is a phenylurea-type cytokinin, a type of plant hormone that induces flower development.
6-Benzylaminopurine, benzyl adenine or BAP is a first-generation synthetic cytokinin that elicits plant growth and development responses, setting blossoms and stimulating fruit richness by stimulating cell division.