36 relations: Adenine, Adenosine diphosphate, Adenosine triphosphate, Albrecht Kossel, Amine, APOBEC, Aromaticity, Base pair, Cytidine, Cytidine triphosphate, Deamination, Deutsch–Jozsa algorithm, DNA, DNA methyltransferase, DNA repair, Enzyme, Genetic code, Guanine, Heterocyclic compound, Hydroxylation, Ketone, Methylation, NASA, Nucleoside, Nucleotide, Point mutation, Pyrimidine, Quantum information science, Qubit, RNA, Serine, Thymine, Thymus, Uracil, 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine, 5-Methylcytosine.
Adenine (A, Ade) is a nucleobase (a purine derivative).
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP), also known as adenosine pyrophosphate (APP), is an important organic compound in metabolism and is essential to the flow of energy in living cells.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel (16 September 1853 – 5 July 1927) was a German biochemist and pioneer in the study of genetics.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
A base pair (bp) is a unit consisting of two nucleobases bound to each other by hydrogen bonds.
Cytidine is a nucleoside molecule that is formed when cytosine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond.
Cytidine triphosphate is a pyrimidine nucleoside triphosphate.
Deamination is the removal of an amine group from a protein molecule.
The Deutsch–Jozsa algorithm is a quantum algorithm, proposed by David Deutsch and Richard Jozsa in 1992 with improvements by Richard Cleve, Artur Ekert, Chiara Macchiavello, and Michele Mosca in 1998.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
In biochemistry, the DNA methyltransferase (DNA MTase) family of enzymes catalyze the transfer of a methyl group to DNA.
DNA repair is a collection of processes by which a cell identifies and corrects damage to the DNA molecules that encode its genome.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
The genetic code is the set of rules used by living cells to translate information encoded within genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) into proteins.
Guanine (or G, Gua) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).
Hydroxylation is a chemical process that introduces a hydroxyl group (-OH) into an organic compound.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group on a substrate, or the substitution of an atom (or group) by a methyl group.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nucleosides are glycosylamines that can be thought of as nucleotides without a phosphate group.
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth.
A point mutation is a genetic mutation where a single nucleotide base is changed, inserted or deleted from a sequence of DNA or RNA.
Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine.
Quantum information science is an area of study based on the idea that information science depends on quantum effects in physics.
In quantum computing, a qubit or quantum bit (sometimes qbit) is a unit of quantum information—the quantum analogue of the classical binary bit.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Serine (symbol Ser or S) is an ɑ-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
---> Thymine (T, Thy) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA that are represented by the letters G–C–A–T.
The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.
Uracil (U) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of RNA that are represented by the letters A, G, C and U. The others are adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G).
5-Hydroxymethylcytosine is a DNA pyrimidine nitrogen base derived from cytosine.
5-Methylcytosine is a methylated form of the DNA base cytosine that may be involved in the regulation of gene transcription.