130 relations: AES3, Amiga, Ampacity, Amphenol, Amstrad CPC, Apple II, Apple IIc, Apple IIGS, Apple III, Atari 2600, Atari 8-bit family, Atari joystick port, Atari ST, Attachment Unit Interface, BNC connector, Broadcasting, CAN bus, Cannon (ITT Corporation), Cathode ray tube, ColecoVision, Color Graphics Adapter, Commodore 128, Commodore 64, Commodore International, Commodore VIC-20, Computer mouse, Computer network, Creative Technology, D-subminiature (professional audio), Daisy chain (electrical engineering), DB13W3, Deutsches Institut für Normung, Digital video, Digital Visual Interface, Direct memory access, DisplayPort, Dreamcast, Electrical connector, Electromagnetic interference, Electrostatic discharge, Enhanced Graphics Adapter, Ethernet, Floppy disk, FM Towns, Game controller, Game port, Gender of connectors and fasteners, Graphics display resolution, Graphics tablet, Hard disk drive, ..., HDMI, Hercules Graphics Card, Home computer, IBM Monochrome Display Adapter, IBM PC compatible, IEEE 1284, IEEE 1394, Insulation-displacement connector, IP Code, Jackscrew, Joystick, Laser printing, Light pen, Linear encoder, Macintosh, Master System, Medium Attachment Unit, Micro ribbon connector, MIDI, Mini-DIN connector, Modified Modular Jack, Modular connector, MPU-401, MSX, Multitrack recording, NEC, Neo Geo (system), Network interface controller, Ohm, Paddle (game controller), Parallel port, Patch panel, PC-8800 series, PC-9800 series, Personal digital assistant, Phone connector (audio), Pinout, Positronic (company), Printed circuit board, Ribbon cable, Roland Corporation, Rotary encoder, RS-232, RS-422, SCSI, Sega, Sega Genesis, Sega Saturn, Serial ATA, Serial digital interface, Serial port, SG-1000, Shielded cable, Signal (IPC), SMPTE 259M, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Sound Blaster, Sound card, Sun Microsystems, Super video graphics array, Surface-mount technology, TASCAM, TASCAM Digital Interface, Telephone plug, Texas Instruments TI-99/4A, Through-hole technology, Thunderbolt (interface), Token ring, Tyco International, U.S. Military connector specifications, Uninterruptible power supply, USB, VGA connector, Video Graphics Array, Wire wrap, X68000, ZX Spectrum, 10BASE5, 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, 3M. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
AES3 (also known as AES/EBU) is a standard for the exchange of digital audio signals between professional audio devices.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Ampacity is a portmanteau for ampere capacity defined by National Electrical Safety Codes, in some North American countries.
Amphenol Corporation is a major producer of electronic and fiber optic connectors, cable and interconnect systems such as coaxial cables.
The Amstrad CPC (short for Colour Personal Computer) is a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad between 1984 and 1990.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
The Apple IIc, the fourth model in the Apple II series of personal computers, is Apple Computer’s first endeavor to produce a portable computer.
The Apple IIGS (styled as II), the fifth and most powerful model of the Apple II family, is a 16-bit personal computer produced by Apple Computer, Inc.
The Apple III (often styled as apple ///) is a business-oriented personal computer produced and released by Apple Computer in 1980.
The Atari 2600 (or Atari Video Computer System before November 1982) is a home video game console from Atari, Inc. Released on September 11, 1977, it is credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor-based hardware and games contained on ROM cartridges, a format first used with the Fairchild Channel F in 1976.
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
The Atari joystick port is a widely used computer port used to connect various gaming controllers to game console and home computer systems.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
The Attachment Unit Interface (AUI) is a physical and logical interface defined in the original IEEE 802.3 standard for 10BASE5 Ethernet.
The BNC (Bayonet Neill–Concelman) connector is a miniature quick connect/disconnect radio frequency connector used for coaxial cable.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
A Controller Area Network (CAN bus) is a robust vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other in applications without a host computer.
Cannon is a division of ITT Corporation that specialises in the manufacture of connectors, electrical cable assemblies, keypads and LAN components.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
The ColecoVision is Coleco Industries' second-generation home video-game console that was released in August 1982.
The Color Graphics Adapter (CGA), originally also called the Color/Graphics Adapter or IBM Color/Graphics Monitor Adapter, introduced in 1981, was IBM's first graphics card and first color display card for the IBM PC.
The Commodore 128, also known as the C128, C-128, C.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
Commodore International (or Commodore International Limited) was an American home computer and electronics manufacturer founded by Jack Tramiel.
The VIC-20 (in Germany: VC-20; In Japan: VIC-1001) is an 8-bit home computer that was sold by Commodore Business Machines.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
Creative Technology Ltd. is a Singapore-based global company headquartered in Jurong East, Singapore.
D-subminiature connectors are used to carry balanced analog or digital audio on many multichannel professional audio equipment, where the use of XLR connectors is impractical, for example due to space constraints.
In electrical and electronic engineering a daisy chain is a wiring scheme in which multiple devices are wired together in sequence or in a ring.
DB13W3 (13W3) is a style of D-subminiature connector commonly used for analog video interfaces.
Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for standardization and is the German ISO member body.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
Digital Visual Interface (DVI) is a video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG).
Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of computer systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory (Random-access memory), independent of the central processing unit (CPU).
DisplayPort (DP) is a digital display interface developed by a consortium of PC and chip manufacturers and standardized by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA).
The is a home video game console released by Sega on November 27, 1998 in Japan, September 9, 1999 in North America, and October 14, 1999 in Europe.
An electrical connector, is an electro-mechanical device used to join electrical terminations and create an electrical circuit.
Electromagnetic interference (EMI), also called radio-frequency interference (RFI) when in the radio frequency spectrum, is a disturbance generated by an external source that affects an electrical circuit by electromagnetic induction, electrostatic coupling, or conduction.
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.
The Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA) is an IBM PC computer display standard from 1984 that superseded and exceeded the capabilities of the CGA standard introduced with the original IBM PC, and was itself superseded by the VGA standard in 1987.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
system is a Japanese PC variant, built by Fujitsu from February 1989 to the summer of 1997.
A game controller is a device used with games or entertainment systems to provide input to a video game, typically to control an object or character in the game.
The game port, originally introduced on the Game Control Adapter, is a device port that was found on IBM PC compatible and other computer systems throughout the 1980s and 1990s.
In electrical and mechanical trades and manufacturing, each half of a pair of mating connectors or fasteners is conventionally assigned the designation male or female.
The graphics display resolution is the width and height dimension of an electronic visual display device, such as a computer monitor, in pixels.
A graphic tablet (also known as a digitizer, drawing tablet, digital drawing tablet, pen tablet, or digital art board) is a computer input device that enables a user to hand-draw images, animations and graphics, with a special pen-like stylus, similar to the way a person draws images with a pencil and paper.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
The Hercules Graphics Card (HGC) is a computer graphics controller made by Hercules Computer Technology, Inc. that combines IBM's text-only MDA display standard with a bitmapped graphics mode.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
The Monochrome Display Adapter (MDA, also MDA card, Monochrome Display and Printer Adapter, MDPA) is IBM's standard video display card and computer display standard for the PC introduced in 1981.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
IEEE 1284 is a standard that defines bi-directional parallel communications between computers and other devices.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
An insulation-displacement contact (IDC), also known as insulation-piercing contact (IPC), is an electrical connector designed to be connected to the conductor(s) of an insulated cable by a connection process which forces a selectively sharpened blade or blades through the insulation, bypassing the need to strip the conductors of insulation before connecting.
The IP Code, International Protection Marking, IEC standard 60529, sometimes interpreted as Ingress Protection Marking, classifies and rates the degree of protection provided against intrusion (body parts such as hands and fingers), dust, accidental contact, and water by mechanical casings and electrical enclosures.
A jackscrew, or screw jack, is a type of jack that is operated by turning a leadscrew.
A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.
A light pen is a computer input device in the form of a light-sensitive wand used in conjunction with a computer's CRT display.
A linear encoder is a sensor, transducer or readhead paired with a scale that encodes position.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The is a third-generation home video game console that was manufactured by Sega.
A Medium Attachment Unit (MAU) is a transceiver which converts signals on an Ethernet cable to and from Attachment Unit Interface (AUI) signals.
The micro ribbon or miniature ribbon connector is a common type of electrical connector for a variety of applications, such as in computer and telecommunications equipment having many contacts.
MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.
The mini-DIN connectors are a family of multi-pin electrical connectors used in a variety of applications.
The Modified Modular Jack (MMJ) is a small form-factor serial port connector developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
A modular connector is an electrical connector that was originally designed for use in telephone wiring, but has since been used for many other purposes.
The MPU-401, where MPU stands for MIDI Processing Unit, is an important but now obsolete interface for connecting MIDI-equipped electronic music hardware to personal computers.
MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983, and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then Vice-president at Microsoft Japan and Director at ASCII Corporation.
Multitrack recording (MTR)—also known as multitracking, double tracking, or tracking—is a method of sound recording developed in 1955 that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources or of sound sources recorded at different times to create a cohesive whole.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
The, stylised as NEO・GEO, also written as NEOGEO, is a cartridge-based arcade system board and fourth-generation home video game console released on April 26, 1990, by Japanese game company SNK Corporation.
A network interface controller (NIC, also known as a network interface card, network adapter, LAN adapter or physical network interface, and by similar terms) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.
The ohm (symbol: Ω) is the SI derived unit of electrical resistance, named after German physicist Georg Simon Ohm.
A paddle is a game controller with a round wheel and one or more fire buttons, where the wheel is typically used to control movement of the player object along one axis of the video screen.
A parallel port is a type of interface found on computers (personal and otherwise) for connecting peripherals.
A patch panel, patch bay, patch field or jack field is a device or unit featuring a number of jacks, usually of the same or similar type, for the use of connecting and routing circuits for monitoring, interconnecting, and testing circuits in a convenient, flexible manner.
The, commonly shortened to PC-88, are a brand of Zilog Z80-based home computers released by Nippon Electric Company (NEC) in 1981 in Japan, where it became very popular.
The, commonly shortened to PC-98, is a lineup of Japanese 16-bit and 32-bit personal computers manufactured by NEC from 1982 through 2000.
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager.
A phone connector, also known as phone jack, audio jack, headphone jack or jack plug, is a family of electrical connectors typically used for analog audio signals.
In electronics, a pinout (sometimes written "pin-out") is a cross-reference between the contacts, or pins, of an electrical connector or electronic component, and their functions.
Positronic is a manufacturing company based in Springfield, Missouri.
A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.
A ribbon cable (also known as multi-wire planar cable) is a cable with many conducting wires running parallel to each other on the same flat plane.
is a Japanese manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, electronic equipment and software.
A rotary encoder, also called a shaft encoder, is an electro-mechanical device that converts the angular position or motion of a shaft or axle to analog or digital output signals.
In telecommunications, RS-232, Recommended Standard 232 is a standard introduced in 1960 for serial communication transmission of data.
RS-422, also known as TIA/EIA-422, is a technical standard originated by the Electronic Industries Alliance that specifies electrical characteristics of a digital signaling circuit.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
Sega Games Co., Ltd., originally short for Service Games and officially styled as SEGA, is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with offices around the world.
The Sega Genesis, known as the in regions outside of North America, is a 16-bit home video game console developed and sold by Sega.
The is a 32-bit fifth-generation home video game console developed by Sega and released on November 22, 1994 in Japan, May 11, 1995 in North America, and July 8, 1995 in Europe.
Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
Serial digital interface (SDI) is a family of digital video interfaces first standardized by SMPTE (The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers) in 1989.
In computing, a serial port is a serial communication interface through which information transfers in or out one bit at a time (in contrast to a parallel port).
The also known as the Sega Computer Video Game SG-1000, is a home video game console manufactured by Sega and released in Japan, Australia, and other regions.
A shielded cable is an electrical cable of one or more insulated conductors enclosed by a common conductive layer.
Signals are a limited form of inter-process communication (IPC), typically used in Unix, Unix-like, and other POSIX-compliant operating systems.
SMPTE 259M is a standard published by SMPTE which "...
The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) (rarely), founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers or SMPE, is a global professional association, of engineers, technologists, and executives working in the media and entertainment industry.
The Sound Blaster family of sound cards was the de facto standard for consumer audio on the IBM PC compatible system platform, until the widespread transition to Microsoft Windows 95, which standardized the programming interface at application level (eliminating the importance of backward compatibility with Sound Blaster), and the evolution in PC design led to onboard motherboard-audio, which commoditized PC audio functionality.
A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Super Video Graphics Array or Ultra Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA, Ultra VGA or just SVGA or UVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards.
Surface-mount technology (SMT) is a method for producing electronic circuits in which the components are mounted or placed directly onto the surface of printed circuit boards (PCBs).
TASCAM is the professional audio division of TEAC Corporation, headquartered in Montebello, California.
The Tascam Digital Interconnect Format (TDIF) is a proprietary format connector defined by TASCAM that is unbalanced and uses a 25-pin D-sub cable to transmit and/or receive up to eight channels of digital audio between compatible devices.
A telephone plug is a type of connector used to connect a telephone set to the telephone wiring inside a building, establishing a connection to a telephone network.
The Texas Instruments TI-99/4A is a home computer, released June 1981 in the United States at a price of $525 ($ adjusted for inflation).
Through-hole technology (tht), also spelled "thru-hole", refers to the mounting scheme used for electronic components that involves the use of leads on the components that are inserted into holes drilled in printed circuit boards (PCB) and soldered to pads on the opposite side either by manual assembly (hand placement) or by the use of automated insertion mount machines.
Thunderbolt is the brand name of a hardware interface standard developed by Intel (in collaboration with Apple) that allows the connection of external peripherals to a computer.
MAU b) Using several MAUs connected to each other Token ring network IBM hermaphroditic connector with locking clip Token Ring local area network (LAN) technology is a communications protocol for local area networks.
Tyco International plc was a security systems company incorporated in the Republic of Ireland, with operational headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, United States (Tyco International (US) Inc.). Tyco International was composed of two major business segments: Security Solutions and Fire Protection.
Connectors used by U.S. Department of Defense were originally developed in the 1930s for severe aeronautical and tactical service applications, and the Type "AN" (Army-Navy) series set the standard for modern military circular connectors.
An uninterruptible power supply or uninterruptible power source (UPS) is an electrical apparatus that provides emergency power to a load when the input power source or mains power fails.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A Video Graphics Array (VGA) connector is a three-row 15-pin DE-15 connector.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
Wire wrap was invented to wire telephone crossbar switches, and later adapted to construct electronic circuit boards.
The is a home computer created by Sharp Corporation, first released in 1987, sold only in Japan.
The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research.
10BASE5 (also known as thick Ethernet or thicknet) was the first commercially available variant of Ethernet.
The 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, often called simply the 3DO, is a home video game console platform developed by The 3DO Company.
The 3M Company, formerly known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation based in Maplewood, Minnesota, a suburb of St. Paul.
D connector, D sub, D sub connector, D-SUB, D-Sub, D-connector, D-style connector, D-sub, D-sub connector, D-subminiature connector, D-subminiature variants, DA-15, DA-26, DB Connector, DB connector, DB-15, DB-19, DB-25, DB-25 connector, DB-25F, DB-25M, DB-25P, DB-25S, DB-37, DB-9 connector, DB15, DB23, DB25, DB25F, DB25M, DB25P, DB25S, DB37, DB9 connector, DC-37, DD-50, DE-15F, DE-25 connector, DE-9, DE-9 connector, DE-9M, DE15F, DSUB, DSub, Db-15, Db15, Dsub.