28 relations: Apoptosis, ATPase, C-terminus, Cardiolipin, Cerebellar ataxia, Chaperone (protein), Dilated cardiomyopathy, Electrocardiography, Enzyme, Failure to thrive, Gene, Homology (biology), HSPA9, Microcytic anemia, Mitochondrial matrix, Mitochondrion, Mitophagy, Morphogenesis, N-terminus, PAM16, PHB2, Phospholipid, Prohibitin, QT interval, TIMM23, TIMM44, Transmembrane protein, 3-Methylglutaconic acid.
Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπό apo, "by, from, of, since, than" and πτῶσις ptōsis, "fall") is the process of programmed cell death that may occur in multicellular organisms.
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ATPases (adenylpyrophosphatase, ATP monophosphatase, triphosphatase, SV40 T-antigen, adenosine 5'-triphosphatase, ATP hydrolase, complex V (mitochondrial electron transport), (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase, HCO3−-ATPase, adenosine triphosphatase) are a class of enzymes that catalyze the decomposition of ATP into ADP and a free phosphate ion.
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The C-terminus (also known as the carboxyl-terminus, carboxy-terminus, C-terminal tail, C-terminal end, or COOH-terminus) is the end of an amino acid chain (protein or polypeptide), terminated by a free carboxyl group (-COOH).
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Cardiolipin (IUPAC name "1,3-bis(sn-3’-phosphatidyl)-sn-glycerol") is an important component of the inner mitochondrial membrane, where it constitutes about 20% of the total lipid composition.
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Cerebellar ataxia is a form of ataxia originating in the cerebellum.
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In molecular biology, molecular chaperones are proteins that assist the covalent folding or unfolding and the assembly or disassembly of other macromolecular structures.
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Not to be confused with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or any other cardiomyopathy.
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Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG*) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on a patient's body.
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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
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Failure to thrive (FTT), more recently known as faltering weight or weight faltering, is a term used in pediatric, adult as well as veterinary medicine (where it is also referred to as ill thrift), to indicate insufficient weight gain or inappropriate weight loss.
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A gene is a locus (or region) of DNA that encodes a functional RNA or protein product, and is the molecular unit of heredity.
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In the context of biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different species.
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Stress-70 protein, mitochondrial is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HSPA9 gene.
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Microcytic anaemia is any of several types of anemia characterized by small red blood cells (called microcytes).
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In the mitochondrion, the matrix contains soluble enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of pyruvate and other small organic molecules.
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The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.
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Mitophagy is the selective degradation of mitochondria by autophagy.
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Morphogenesis (from the Greek morphê shape and genesis creation, literally, "beginning of the shape") is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape.
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The N-terminus (also known as the amino-terminus, NH2-terminus, N-terminal end or amine-terminus) refers to the start of a protein or polypeptide terminated by an amino acid with a free amine group (-NH2).
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Mitochondrial import inner membrane translocase subunit TIM16 also known as presequence translocated-associated motor subunit PAM16 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PAM16 gene.
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Prohibitin-2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PHB2 gene.
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Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.
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Prohibitin, also known as PHB, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PHB gene.
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In cardiology, the QT interval is a measure of the time between the start of the Q wave and the end of the T wave in the heart's electrical cycle.
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Mitochondrial import inner membrane translocase subunit Tim23 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the TIMM23 gene.
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Mitochondrial import inner membrane translocase subunit TIM44 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the TIMM44 gene.
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A transmembrane protein (TP) is a type of membrane protein spanning the entirety of the biological membrane to which it is permanently attached.
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3-Methylglutaconic acid is a glutarate which builds up in the urine in 3-methylglutaconic aciduria or 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria.
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