120 relations: Adhesive, Agricultural cooperative, Agriculture, Animal stall, Animal welfare, Artificial insemination, Associated Press, Australia, Automatic milking, Barn, Beef, Bovine somatotropin, British Railway Milk Tank Wagon, Brucellosis, Bulk tank, Business, Butter, Butter churn, Buttermilk, Calcium, Camel, Capper–Volstead Act, Casein, Cattle, Central Asia, Cheddar cheese, Cheese, Churning (butter), Competition law, Convenience store, Cooperative, Cowpox, Crohn's disease, Curd, Dairy (store), Dairy cattle, Dairy farming, Dairy product, David J. Wolfson, Diet food, Electric power industry, Emmental cheese, European Union, Evaporation, Factory, Farm, Field (agriculture), Food industry, Food processing, Goat, ..., Heat exchanger, Herd, Holstein Friesian cattle, Horse, Ice cream, Industrial Revolution, Internal combustion engine, Jain vegetarianism, Kumis, Lactiferous duct, Lactose, Lactose intolerance, Leptospirosis, Lifestyle (sociology), List of cattle breeds, Listeria monocytogenes, McGill University, Meat, Mechanization, Milk, Milk car, Milk churn, Milk float, Milking, Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, New Zealand, New Zealand English, Nomad, Northeast Interstate Dairy Compact, Overproduction, Pail (container), Paratuberculosis, Pasteurization, Phosphoprotein, Pig, Plastic, Plough, Price fixing, Pump, Putting-out system, Refrigeration, Robot, Sanitation, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Shed, Sheep, Skimmed milk, Smallpox, Stainless steel, Storage tank, Subsistence agriculture, Sugar, Superette, Symbiosis, Teat, Textile, Truck, Tuberculosis, Udder, United Kingdom, United States, Urbanization, Veganism, Veterinary medicine, Vitamin D, Wage, Water, Water buffalo, Whey, Yogurt. Expand index (70 more) » « Shrink index
An adhesive, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
An agricultural cooperative, also known as a farmers' co-op, is a cooperative where farmers pool their resources in certain areas of activity.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
An animal stall is an enclosure housing one or a few animals.
Animal welfare is the well-being of animals.
Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Automatic milking is the milking of dairy animals, especially of dairy cattle, without human labour.
A barn is an agricultural building usually on farms and used for various purposes.
Beef is the culinary name for meat from cattle, particularly skeletal muscle.
Bovine somatotropin or bovine somatotrophin (abbreviated bST and BST), or bovine growth hormone (BGH), is a peptide hormone produced by cows' pituitary glands.
Milk tank wagons were a common sight on railways in the United Kingdom from the early 1930s to the late 1960s.
Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions.
In dairy farming a bulk milk cooling tank is a large storage tank for cooling and holding milk at a cold temperature until it can be picked up by a milk hauler.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
A butter churn is a device used to convert cream into butter.
Buttermilk refers to a number of dairy drinks.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus that bears distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back.
Capper–Volstead Act (P.L. 67-146), the Co-operative Marketing Associations Act (7 U.S.C. 291, 292) was adopted by the United States Congress on February 18, 1922.
Casein ("kay-seen", from Latin caseus, "cheese") is a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
Cheddar cheese is a relatively hard, off-white (or orange if spices such as annatto are added), sometimes sharp-tasting, natural cheese.
Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
Churning is the process of shaking up cream or whole milk to make butter, usually using a butter churn.
Competition law is a law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.
A convenience store or convenience shop is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, confectionery, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries, newspapers, and magazines.
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".
Cowpox is an infectious disease caused by the cowpox virus.
Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.
Curds are a dairy product obtained by coagulating milk in a process called curdling.
A dairy is a small owner-operated convenience store in New Zealand, licensed to sell groceries, milk, eggs, dairy products, perishables, newspapers and other staples during and after normal trading hours.
Dairy cattle (also called dairy cows) are cattle cows bred for the ability to produce large quantities of milk, from which dairy products are made.
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.
Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.
David J. Wolfson, Adjunct Professor of Law at New York University School of Law and former Lecturer-in-Law at Columbia Law School, is an attorney and animal rights advocate whose work on animal law has focused on the legal case against McDonald's, "The McLibel Case and Animal Rights", alleging cruel farming practices, as well as on systematic abuse in factory farming and agribusiness.
Diet food (or dietetic food) refers to any food or beverage whose recipe is altered to reduce fat, carbohydrates, and/or sugar in order to make it part of a weight loss program or diet. Such foods are usually intended to assist in weight loss or a change in body type, although bodybuilding supplements are designed to aid in gaining weight or muscle.
The electric power industry covers the generation, transmission, distribution and sale of electric power to the general public and industry.
Emmental (Emmentaler or Emmenthal) is a yellow, medium-hard Swiss cheese that originated in the area around Emmental, Canton Bern.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes with the primary objective of producing food and other crops; it is the basic facility in food production.
In agriculture, a field is an area of land, enclosed or otherwise, used for agricultural purposes such as cultivating crops or as a paddock or other enclosure for livestock.
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
Food processing is the transformation of cooked ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
A heat exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between two or more fluids.
A herd is a social group of certain animals of the same species, either wild or domestic.
Holstein Friesians (often shortened to Holsteins in North America, while the term Friesians is often used in the UK) are a breed of dairy cattle originating from the Dutch provinces of North Holland and Friesland, and Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany and Jutland.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
Jain vegetarianism is practiced by the followers of Jain culture and philosophy.
Kumis (also spelled kumiss or koumiss or kumys, see other transliterations and cognate words below under terminology and etymology - Қымыз, qımız) is a fermented dairy product traditionally made from mare's milk.
Lactiferous ducts are those ducts that converge and form a branched system connecting the nipple to the lobules of the mammary gland.
Lactose is a disaccharide.
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.
Leptospirosis is an infection caused by corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Leptospira.
Lifestyle is the interests, opinions, behaviours, and behavioural orientations of an individual, group, or culture.
Over 800 breeds of cattle are recognized worldwide, some of which adapted to the local climate, others which were bred by humans for specialized uses.
Listeria monocytogenes is the species of pathogenic bacteria that causes the infection listeriosis.
McGill University is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.
Mechanization or mechanisation (British English) is the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Milk cars are a specialized type of railroad car intended to transport raw milk from collection points near dairy farms to a processing creamery.
A milk churn is a tall, conical or cylindrical container for the transportation of milk.
In British English, a milk float is a vehicle specifically designed for the delivery of fresh milk.
Milking is the act of removing milk from the mammary glands of cattle, water buffalo, goats, sheep and more rarely camels, horses and donkeys.
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is an obligate pathogenic bacterium in the genus Mycobacterium.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
New Zealand English (NZE) is the variant of the English language spoken by most English-speaking New Zealanders.
A nomad (νομάς, nomas, plural tribe) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals.
The Northeast Interstate Dairy Compact was an agreement among the six New England states to support the farm price of milk at a higher level than under federally mandated minimum prices in the region.
In economics, overproduction, oversupply, excess of supply or glut refers to excess of supply over demand of products being offered to the market.
A pail is a technical term, used in the shipping industry, to designate a type of cylindrical shipping container with a capacity of about 1 to 12 gal (3 to 50 L).
Paratuberculosis or Johne's disease is a contagious, chronic and sometimes fatal infection that primarily affects the small intestine of ruminants.
Pasteurization or pasteurisation is a process in which packaged and non-packaged foods (such as milk and fruit juice) are treated with mild heat (Today, pasteurization is used widely in the dairy industry and other food processing industries to achieve food preservation and food safety. This process was named after the French scientist Louis Pasteur, whose research in the 1880s demonstrated that thermal processing would inactivate unwanted microorganisms in wine. Spoilage enzymes are also inactivated during pasteurization. Most liquid products are heat treated in a continuous system where heat can be applied using plate heat exchanger and/or direct or indirect use of steam and hot water. Due to the mild heat there are minor changes to the nutritional quality of foods as well as the sensory characteristics. Pascalization or high pressure processing (HPP) and Pulsed Electric Field (PEF) are non-thermal processes that are also used to pasteurize foods.
A phosphoprotein is a protein that is posttranslationally modified by the attachment of either a single phosphate group, or a complex molecule such as 5'-phospho-DNA, through a phosphate group.
A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool or farm implement used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.
Price fixing is an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand.
A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action.
The putting-out system is a means of subcontracting work.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer— capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
The Seattle Post-Intelligencer (popularly known as the Seattle P-I, the Post-Intelligencer, or simply the P-I) is an online newspaper and former print newspaper based in Seattle, Washington, United States.
A shed is typically a simple, single-story roofed structure in a back garden or on an allotment that is used for storage, hobbies, or as a workshop.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
Skimmed milk (British English), or skim milk (American English), is made when all the cream (also called milkfat) is removed from whole milk.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
Storage tanks are containers that hold liquids, compressed gases (gas tank; or in U.S.A "pressure vessel", which is not typically labeled or regulated as a storage tank) or mediums used for the short- or long-term storage of heat or cold.
Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
A Superette is an alternative name for a compact food market "convenience shop" or "mini-mart" used in some places, particularly in Hawaii, New York City, Boston, Minnesota, Newfoundland and Labrador, - and the North Island of New Zealand.
Symbiosis (from Greek συμβίωσις "living together", from σύν "together" and βίωσις "living") is any type of a close and long-term biological interaction between two different biological organisms, be it mutualistic, commensalistic, or parasitic.
A teat is the projection from the udder or mammary glands of mammals from which milk flows or is ejected for the purpose of feeding young.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
An udder is an organ formed of the mammary glands of female four-legged mammals, particularly ruminants such as cattle, goats, sheep and deer.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals.
Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals.
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.
A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
The water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) or domestic Asian water buffalo is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China.
Whey is the liquid remaining after milk has been curdled and strained.
Yogurt, yoghurt, or yoghourt (or; from yoğurt; other spellings listed below) is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.
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