53 relations: Abyei, Al-Maqrizi, Arabic, Axum, Baygo people, Beigo language, Chad, Daju, Daju languages, Daju Mongo language, Dar Daju Daju people, Dar Fur Daju people, Dar Sila, Darfur, Dinka people, Dongola, Fur people, Guéra (region), Hill Nubian languages, Islam, Kadugli language, Kaduqli, Kanem–Bornu Empire, Keira dynasty, Kordofan, Kordofanian languages, Logorik language, Logorik people, Marrah Mountains, Meroë, Messiria tribe, Muglad, Muslim, Ngulgule people, Nuba Mountains, Nyala, Nyala language (Sudan), Nyima languages, Nyolge language, Ouaddaï Region, Shatt language, Shatt people, Sila language (Chad), Sokoro language, South Darfur, South Kordofan, Sudan, Sultanate of Darfur, Temein languages, Tunjur people, ..., Urheimat, Wadai Empire, War in Darfur. Expand index (3 more) » « Shrink index
The Abyei Area (أبيي) is an area of in Sudan accorded "special administrative status" by the 2004 Protocol on the Resolution of the Abyei Conflict (Abyei Protocol) in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the Second Sudanese Civil War.
Taqi al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn 'Ali ibn 'Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhammad al-Maqrizi (1364–1442)Franz Rosenthal,.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Axum or Aksum (ኣኽሱም, አክሱም) is a city in the northern part of Ethiopia.
Baygo is an ethnic group of Sudan.
Beigo (Baygo, Baigo, Bego, Beko, Béogé, Beygo) is an extinct East Sudanic language once spoken in Sudan by the Baygo people, numbering some 850 in the late twentieth century.
Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Daju may refer to.
The Daju languages are spoken in isolated pockets by the Daju people across a wide area of Sudan and Chad, in parts of the regions of Kordofan, Darfur and Wadai.
Daju Mongo, also Wadai Daju or Dar Daju Daju, is an Eastern Sudanic language, one of three closely related languages in the area called "Daju" (the other two being the Nyala language and the Sila language. It is spoken in Chad by the Dar Daju Daju people near the Darfur border. There are three dialects, Bardangal, Eref, and Gadjira.
The Dar Daju Daju are an ethnic group numbering 34,000 people in the Guéra Region of southwestern Chad.
The Dar Fur Daju are an ethnic group in the Sudan.
Dar Sila is the name of the wandering sultanate of the Dar Sila Daju, a multi-tribal ethnic group in Chad and Sudan.
Darfur (دار فور, Fur) is a region in western Sudan.
The Dinka people (Jiɛ̈ɛ̈ŋ) are a community, composed of many ethnic groups, inhabiting the East and West Banks of River Nile, from Mangalla to Renk, regions of Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile (former two of three Southern Provinces in Sudan) and Abyei Area of the Angok Dinka in South Khordofan of Sudan.
Dongola (دنقلا), also spelled Dunqulah, and formerly known as Al 'Urdi, is the capital of the state of Northern in Sudan, on the banks of the Nile, and a former Latin Catholic bishopric (14th century).
The Fur (Fur: fòòrà, Arabic: فور Fūr) are an ethnic group inhabiting western Sudan.
Guéra (قيرا) is one of the 23 regions of Chad, created in 2002 from the former Guéra prefecture.
The Hill Nubian languages, also called Kordofan Nubian, are a group or dialect continuum of Nubian languages spoken by the Hill Nubians in the northern Nuba Mountains of Sudan.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Kadugli, also Katcha-Kadugli-Miri or Central Kadu, is a Kadu language or dialect cluster spoken in Kordofan.
Kaduqli or Kadugli (كادوقلي Sudanese pronunciation) is the capital city of South Kordofan State, Sudan.
The Kanem–Bornu Empire was an empire that existed in modern Chad and Nigeria.
The Keira dynasty were the rulers of the Sultanate of Darfur from the seventeenth century to 1916.
Kordofan (كردفان) is a former province of central Sudan.
The Kordofanian languages are a geographic grouping of five language groups spoken in the Nuba Mountains of the Kurdufan, Sudan: Talodi–Heiban languages, Lafofa languages, Rashad languages, Katla languages and Kadu languages.
Liguri, or Logorik, is an Eastern Sudanic language of the Daju family spoken by the Logorik people in the Liguri Hills of the Nuba Mountains, northeast of Kaduqli in South Kurdufan province in southern Sudan.
The Logorik are an ethnic group in the southern part of Sudan.
The Marrah Mountains or Marra Mountains (Fur, Fugo Marra; جبل مرة, Jebel Marra (Sudanese Arabic – “woman mountains” due to the outline of a reclining woman when viewed from the south-east, also known in English as Gimbala) is a range of volcanic peaks in a massif that rises up to. It is the highest mountain in Sudan.
Meroë (also spelled Meroe; Meroitic: Medewi or Bedewi; Arabic: مرواه and مروى Meruwi; Ancient Greek: Μερόη, Meróē) is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile about 6 km north-east of the Kabushiya station near Shendi, Sudan, approximately 200 km north-east of Khartoum.
The Messiria, known also under the name of Misseriya Arabs, are a branch of the Baggara Arabs tribes.
Muglad is a town in West Kurdufan State in the south of Sudan.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Ngulgule is an ethnic group of South Sudan living just north of the confluence of the Sopo and Boro rivers.
The Nuba Mountains, also referred to as the Nuba Hills (جبال النوبة), is an area located in South Kordofan, Sudan.
The lowland nyala or simply nyala (Tragelaphus angasii), is a spiral-horned antelope native to Southern Africa.
Nyala, also known as Dar Fur, Darfur Daju, Daju Darfur, Beke, Dagu, Daju Ferne and Fininga, is an Eastern Sudanic language of Darfur, Sudan, one of three closely related languages in the area called "Daju" (the other two being the Daju Mongo language and the Sila language).
The Nyima languages are a pair of languages of Sudan spoken by the Nyimang of the Nuba Mountains that appear to be most closely related to the Eastern Sudanic languages, especially the northern group of Nubian, Nara and Tama.
Nyolge or Nyagulgule (Njalgulgule) is an Eastern Sudanic language of the Daju family, spoken in a single village in South Sudan.
Ouaddaï (وداي) is one of the 23 regions of Chad and its capital is Abéché.
The Shatt language is an Eastern Sudanic language of the Daju family spoken in the Shatt Hills (part of the Nuba Mountains) southwest of Kaduqli in South Kurdufan province in southern Sudan.
Shatt is an ethnic group in Sudan located in the northern Shatt Hills southwest of Kadugli in South Kordofan State (Shatt Daman, Shatt Safia, Shatt Tebeldia) and in the Abu Hashim and Abu Sinam areas.
The Sila language, also known as Dar Sila, Dar Sila Daju, Bokor, Bokorike, Bokoruge, Dadjo, Dajou, Daju, and Sula, is an Eastern Sudanic language, one of three closely related languages in the area called "Daju" (the other two being the Nyala language and the Daju Mongo language).
Sokoro is an Afro-Asiatic language spoken in central Chad.
South Darfur State (ولاية جنوب دارفور Wilāyat Ǧanūb Dārfūr; Janob Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan.
South Kordofan (جنوب كردفان) is one of the 18 wilayat or provinces of Sudan.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
The Sultanate of Darfur was a pre-colonial state in present-day Sudan.
The Temein languages, or Nuba Hills languages, are a group of Eastern Sudanic languages spoken in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan.
The Tunjur, or Tungur, are a Sunni Muslim ethnic group found in eastern Chad and western Sudan.
In historical linguistics, the term homeland (also Urheimat;; from a German compound of ur- "original" and Heimat "home, homeland") denotes the area of origin of the speakers of a proto-language, the (reconstructed or known) parent language of a group of languages assumed to be genetically related.
The Wadai Empire or Sultanate (سلطنة وداي, royaume du Ouaddaï; 1635–1912) was a kingdom located to the east of Lake Chad in present-day Chad and in the Central African Republic.
The War in Darfur is a major armed conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan, that began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups began fighting the government of Sudan, which they accused of oppressing Darfur's non-Arab population.