254 relations: ActionAid, Adi Dravida, Affirmative action, African Americans, Ambedkar Makkal Iyakkam, Anand Teltumbde, Andhra Pradesh, Anemia, Anti-Indian sentiment, Apartheid, Arya Samaj, Avarna, Ayyankali, B. R. Ambedkar, Baburao Bagul, Bahujan Samaj Party, Bahujan Shakti Party, Nepal, Balai, Bangalore, Bangaru Laxman, Bant Singh, Below Poverty Line (India), Bengal Presidency, Bhagana, Hisar, Bhakti movement, Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh, Bhilala, Bhopal Conference, Bihar, Birmingham, Bollywood, Brahmin, Brahmo Samaj, British Empire, British Raj, Buddhism, C. P. Thakur, Caste system in India, Chamar, Chandala, Chandra Bhan Prasad, Chandra Shekhar, Chirag Paswan, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, Chittorgarh, Chokhamela, Cobrapost, Communal Award, Constituent Assembly of India, Constitution of India, ..., Crore, Cultural assimilation, Dalit Buddhist movement, Dalit Christian, Dalit Freedom Network, Dalit Janajati Party, Dalit Panthers, Damodaram Sanjivayya, Deputy Prime Minister of India, Dharavi, Dhobi, Dinanath Bhaskar, Dominic Jeeva, Dropping out, Eklavya: The Royal Guard, Eknath, Eleanor Zelliot, Equality Act 2010, Equality and Human Rights Commission, Eric Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury, Faxian, Five Precepts, Forward caste, Gangrene, Gavin Flood, Ghasidas, Giani Ditt Singh, Glenys Thornton, Baroness Thornton, Goan Catholics, Gopal Baba Walangkar, Gotra, Government of India, Government of India Act, 1935, Gurdwara, Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Nanak, Hammalawa Saddhatissa, Harichand Thakur, Harijan, Haryana, Health care access among Dalits in India, Helen Grant (politician), Himachal Pradesh, Hindi, Hindu, Hindu Council UK, Hindutva, Historical Vedic religion, Holika, Holika Dahan, HuffPost, Human feces, Human Rights Watch, Indian Army, Indian Independence Act 1947, Indian independence movement, Indian literature, Indian National Congress, Indian subcontinent, Indira Gandhi, Inter-caste marriage, Islam, Islam in India, Iyothee Thass, Jagjivan Ram, Jantar Mantar, New Delhi, Jat people, Jat Sikh, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jitan Ram Manjhi, Jyotirao Phule, K. R. Narayanan, Karnataka, Kate Green, Kerala, Khap, Khateek, Khatri, Klaus Klostermaier, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Landlord, Languages of India, Little magazine movement, Lok Janshakti Party, M. N. Srinivas, Madhya Pradesh, Madiga, Mahar, Mahar Regiment, Maharashtra, Mahatma Gandhi, Mahavira, Mala (caste), Malnutrition, Mangalore University, Manmohan Singh, Mansa district, Punjab, Maratha Empire, Marcus Perkins, Marika Vicziany, Matua Mahasangha, Mayawati, Mazhabi Sikh, Meena Dhanda, Meerut, Midday Meal Scheme, Miley Naa Miley Hum, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Mizoram, Mohan Lal Sukhadia, Mukkulathor, Mumbai, Myanmar, Namantar Andolan, Namasudra, Nandanar, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Council of Applied Economic Research, National Health Service, Negro, Nepal, New Delhi, Night soil, Nitish Kumar, Ostracism, Other Backward Class, Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies, P. L. Punia, Parliament of India, Pasi (caste), Poona Pact, Prakash Yashwant Ambedkar, Premiership of Morarji Desai, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Prime Minister of India, Pune, Punjab Police (India), Punjabi language, Punjabis, Puthiya Tamilagam, Rabri Devi, Rajasthan, Ram Vilas Paswan, Ramakrishna Mission, Ramananda Ray, Ramchandra Veerappa, Ramdasia, Ranvir Sena, Ratlam, Ravidas, Refuge (Buddhism), Regar, Religion in India, Republican Party of India, Reservation in India, Sadh, Sanskrit, SC, ST Sub-Plan (Andhra Pradesh), Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Self-Respect Movement, Shankar Ramchandra Kharat, Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, Shudra, Sikh gurus, Sikh Light Infantry, Singh Sabha Movement, Slum, Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011, Sri Lanka, Sthānakavāsī, Stick-fighting, Subramania Bharati, Suraj Bhan, Tamil language, Tamil Nadu, Tara Singh (activist), Temple car, Temple Entry Proclamation, The Indian Express, The Times of India, The Tribune (Chandigarh), Tonsure, Tribal religions in India, University of Maryland, College Park, Untouchability, Urine, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Vachana sahitya, Valmiki caste, Varna (Hinduism), Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi, Votebank, Wardha, West Bengal, Western Chalukya Empire, Wolverhampton, World War II, Yadav, 2006 Dalit protests in Maharashtra, 2011 Census of India. Expand index (204 more) » « Shrink index
ActionAid is an international non-governmental organization whose primary aim is to work against poverty and injustice worldwide.
Adi Dravida (or Adi Dravidar) is term used by the state of Tamil Nadu in India to denote Dalits since 1914.
Affirmative action, also known as reservation in India and Nepal, positive action in the UK, and employment equity (in a narrower context) in Canada and South Africa, is the policy of protecting members of groups that are known to have previously suffered from discrimination.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Ambedkar Makkal Iyakkam (Ambedkar Popular Unity), is a political movement in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu working for the upliftment of Dalits.
Anand Teltumbde is a management professional, writer, civil rights activist, and political analyst.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
Anti-Indian sentiment or Indophobia refers to negative feelings and hatred towards India, Indians, and Indian culture.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
Arya Samaj (Sanskrit: आर्य समाज "Noble Society" Hindi: आर्य समाज, Bengali: আর্য সমাজ, Punjabi: ਆਰੀਆ ਸਮਾਜ, Gujarati: આર્ય સમાજ) is an Indian Hindu reform movement that promotes values and practices based on the belief in the infallible authority of the Vedas.
Avarna in the Sanskrit language of India means one who does not have a varna.
Ayyankali (also Ayyan Kali) (28 August 1863 – 1941) was a social reformer who worked for the advancement of those people in the princely state of Travancore, British India, who were treated as untouchables.
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination towards Untouchables (Dalits), while also supporting the rights of women and labour.
Baburao Bagul (1930–2008) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India; a pioneer of modern literature in Marathi and an important figure in the Indian short story during the late 20th century, when it experienced a radical departure from the past, with the advent of Dalit writers such as him.
The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is the third largest national political party in India.
Bahujan Shakti Party is a political party in Nepal led by Biswendra Paswan.
The Balai, or Bhalay is a caste found in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh in India.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bangaru Laxman (17 March 1939 – 1 March 2014) was an Indian politician.
Bant Singh is a Sikh labourer and singer from the Jhabhar village in Mansa district, Punjab, India, who has emerged as an agricultural labour activist, fighting against the power of the landowner.
Below Poverty Line is an economic benchmark used by the government of India to indicate economic disadvantage and to identify individuals and households in need of government assistance and aid.
The Bengal Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Bhagana is a village in Hisar Tehsil in Hisar district, Haryana, India.
The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later revolutionised in Sikhism.
Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh is a political party in India.
The Bhilala are an ethnic community.
The Bhopal Conference was held at Bhopal in the Hindi Belt state of Madhya Pradesh, India, on 12-13 January 2002.
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
Brahmo Samaj (Bengali: ব্রাহ্ম সমাজ Bramho Shômaj) is the societal component of Brahmoism, which began as a monotheistic reformist movement of the Hindu religion that appeared during the Bengal Renaissance.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Chandreshwar Prasad "C P" Thakur (born 3 September 1931) is a current member of Rajya Sabha and Vice-President of Bhartiya Janata Party, a former minister in the Government of India,a physician and a leader of Bharatiya Janata Party.
The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.
Chamar is one of the untouchable communities, or dalits, who are now classified as a Scheduled Caste under modern India's system of positive discrimination.
Chandala is a Sanskrit word for someone who deals with disposal of corpses, and is a Hindu lower caste, traditionally considered to be untouchable.
Chandra Bhan Prasad (born September 1958) is an Indian journalist and political commentator.
Chandra Shekhar (1 July 1927 – 8 July 2007) was an Indian politician who, served as the 8th Prime Minister of India, between 10 November 1990 and 21 June 1991.
Chirag Paswan (born 31 October 1982) is an Indian politician belonging to Lok Janshakti Party.
Sree Padmanbhadasa Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma (7 November 1912 – 20 July 1991), popularly known as Sree Chithira Thirunal, was the last ruling Maharaja of the Princely State of Travancore, in southern India until 1949 and later the Titular Maharajah of Travancore until 1991.
Chittorgarh (also Chittor or Chittaurgarh) is a city and a municipality in Rajasthan state of western India.
Chokhamela was a saint in Maharashtra, India in the 14th century.
Cobrapost, which was founded in 2003 by Aniruddha Bahal, the co-founder of Tehelka, is an Indian non-profit journalism company.
The Communal Award was made by the British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald on 16 August 1932 granting separate electorates in India for the Forward Caste, scheduled Caste, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, Europeans and Depressed Classes (now known as the Scheduled Caste) etc.
An idea for a Constituent Assembly of India was proposed in 1934 by M. N. Roy, a pioneer of the Communist movement in India and an advocate of radical democracy.
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.
A crore (abbreviated cr) or koti denotes ten million (10,000,000 or 107 in scientific notation) and is equal to 100 lakh in the Indian numbering system as 1,00,00,000 with the local style of digit group separators (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000).
Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.
The Dalit Buddhist movement (also known as Neo-Buddhist movement) is a socio-political movement by Dalits in India started by B. R. Ambedkar.
In the late 1880s, the Marathi word 'Dalit' was used by Mahatma Jotiba Phule for the outcasts and Untouchables who were oppressed and broken by Hindu society.
Dalit Freedom Network is an evangelical Christian "The All India Christian Council has continued to make the Dalit freedom struggle their focus.
Dalit Janajati Party is a political party in Nepal.
Dalit Panthers is a social organisation that seeks to combat caste discrimination.
Damodaram Sanjivayya (14 February 1921 – 8 May 1972) was the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, India from 11 January 1960 to 12 March 1962.
The Deputy Prime Minister of India is a member of the Union Cabinet in the Government of India.
Dharavi is a locality in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Dhobi ("washerman") is a caste group of India.
Dinanath Bhaskar (born 10 March 1963) has been a member of the Bahujan Samaj Party and a minister of Uttar Pradesh state in India. He is a and was a close associate of Kanshi Ram. He is currently in the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP). He was the health minister during the Samajwadi Party-BSP coalition government of Uttar Pradesh in 1993 and later quit the BSP to join the Samajwadi Party in 1996. In the 2017 state elections, Bhaskar was elected as Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Aurai constituency as a BJP candidate. This was his third successful election to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
Dominic Jeeva (Tamil: டொமினிக் ஜீவா; June 27, 1927) is a prominent minority Sri Lankan Tamil author and literary figure from Sri Lanka.
Dropping out means leaving high school, college, university or another group for practical reasons, necessities, or disillusionment with the system from which the individual in question leaves.
Eklavya: The Royal Guard is a 2007 Indian mystery drama film directed by Vidhu Vinod Chopra which was released in India, Netherlands, the United States, and the United Kingdom on 16 February 2007.
Eknath(1533-1599) was a prominent Marathi sant, scholar, and religious poet of the Varkari sampradaya.
Eleanor Zelliot (October 7, 1926 – June 5, 2016) was an American writer, retired professor of Carleton College and specialist on the history of India, Southeast Asia, Vietnam, women of Asia, Untouchables, and social movements.
The Equality Act 2010 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, and has the same goals as the four major EU Equal Treatment Directives, whose provisions it mirrors and implements.
The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) is a non-departmental public body in England and Wales, established by the Equality Act 2006 with effect from 1 October 2007.
Eric Reginald Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury, (29 September 1928 – 14 February 2016) was an English politician and human rights campaigner.
Faxian (337 – c. 422) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka between 399-412 to acquire Buddhist texts.
The five precepts (pañcasīlāni; pañcaśīlāni)) constitute the basic code of ethics undertaken by upāsaka and upāsikā (lay followers) of Buddhism. The precepts in all the traditions are essentially identical and are commitments to abstain from harming living beings, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying and intoxication. Undertaking the five precepts is part of both lay Buddhist initiation and regular lay Buddhist devotional practices. They are not formulated as imperatives, but as training rules that lay people undertake voluntarily to facilitate practice. Additionally, in the Theravāda school of Buddhism, the bhikkhuni lineage died out, and women renunciates practicing Theravadin Buddhism have developed unofficial options for their own practice, dedicating their life to religion, vowing celibacy, living an ascetic life and holding eight or ten precepts.
Forward caste (also known as Forward Class, Forward Community, and General Class) is a term used in India to denote groups of people who do not qualify for any of the affirmative action schemes operated by the government of India.
Gangrene is a type of tissue death caused by a lack of blood supply.
Gavin Dennis Flood (born 1954) FBA is a British scholar of comparative religion specialising in Shaivism and phenomenology, but with research interests that span South Asian traditions.
Guru Ghasi Das (1756–1836 CE) was an advocate of the Satnami sect of Hinduism in the early 19th century.
Giani Ditt Singh (ca. 1850–1901) was a historian, scholar, poet, editor and an eminent Singh Sabha reformer.
Dorothea Glenys Thornton, Baroness Thornton (born 16 October 1952), known as Glenys Thornton, is a Labour and Co-operative member of the House of Lords.
The Goan Catholics (Goenche Katholik) are an ethno-religious community of Roman Catholics and their descendants from the state of Goa, located on the west coast of India.
Gopal Baba Walangkar, also known as Gopal Krishna, (ca. 1840-1900) is an early example of an activist working to release the untouchable people of India from their historic socio-economic oppression, and is generally considered to be the pioneer of that movement.
In Hindu society, the term gotra (Sanskrit: गोत्र) is commonly considered to be equivalent to clan.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Government of India Act,1935 was originally passed in August 1935 (25 & 26 Geo. 5 c. 42), and is said to be the longest Act (British) of Parliament ever enacted by that time.
A gurdwara (ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ, or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ,; meaning "door to the guru") is a place of worship for Sikhs.
Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is the religious scripture of Sikhism, regarded by Sikhs as the final, sovereign, and eternal living guru following the lineage of the ten human Sikh gurus of the Sikh religion.
Guru Nanak (IAST: Gurū Nānak) (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539) was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus.
Harichand Thakur, sometimes known as Sri Sri Harichand Thakur, (ca. 1812-1878) worked among the untouchable people of Bengal Presidency, who considered him to be a god.
Harijan (Hindustani: हरिजन (Devanagari), ہریجن (Nastaleeq); translation: "person of Hari/Vishnu") was a term popularized by Indian political leader Mohandas Gandhi for referring communities traditionally considered so called Untouchable (formerly called "acchoot" अछूत in Hindi). The term achoot is now considered derogatory, and the term Harijan is no longer used.
Haryana, carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1November 1966 on linguistic basis, is one of the 29 states in India.
The Dalit (formerly "Untouchable) community of India, and the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, are subject to many disadvantages in health care access.
Helen Grant (born 28 September 1961) is a British Conservative Party politician.
Himachal Pradesh (literally "snow-laden province") is a Indian state located in North India.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hindu Council UK (HCUK) is an umbrella organisation for all Hindus living in the United Kingdom, formed in 1994.
Hindutva ("Hinduness"), a term popularised by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in 1923, is the predominant form of Hindu nationalism in India.
The historical Vedic religion (also known as Vedism, Brahmanism, Vedic Brahmanism, and ancient Hinduism) was the religion of the Indo-Aryans of northern India during the Vedic period.
Holika (होलिका) was a demoness in Hindu Vedic scriptures, who was burnt to death with the help of God Vishnu.
Holika Dahan also Kamudu pyre is celebrated by burning Holika, the devil.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
Human feces (or faeces in British English; fæx) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested or absorbed in the small intestine, but has been rotted down by bacteria in the large intestine.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.
The Indian Independence Act 1947 (1947 c. 30 (10 & 11. Geo. 6.)) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
Indian literature refers to the literature produced on the Indian subcontinent until 1947 and in the Republic of India thereafter.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.
The caste system in India prohibits marriage outside the caste.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islam is the second largest religion in India, with 14.2% of the country's population or roughly 172 million people identifying as adherents of Islam (2011 census) as an ethnoreligious group.
Jagjivan Ram (5 April 1908 – 6 July 1986), known popularly as Babuji, was an Indian independence activist and politician from Bihar.
Jantar Mantar is located in the modern city of New Delhi.
The Jat people (also spelled Jatt and Jaat) are a traditionally agricultural community in Northern India and Pakistan.
Jat Sikh is a sub-group of the Jat people and the Sikh community, from the Indian subcontinent.
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.
Jitan Ram Manjhi (born 6 October 1944) is an Indian politician from the eastern state of Bihar who served as its 23rd Chief Minister from 20 May 2014 to 20 February 2015.
Jotirao Govindrao Phule (11 April 1827 – 28 November 1890) was an Indian social activist, a thinker, anti-caste social reformer and a writer from Maharashtra.
Kocheril Raman Narayanan (4 February 1921 – 9 November 2005) was the tenth President of India.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Katherine Anne Green (born 2 May 1960) is a British Labour Party politician who was first elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Stretford and Urmston in 2010.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
A Khap is a community organisation representing a clan or a group of related clans.
The Khatik (खटीक) are a ethnic people found in India and are recognised as Upper Caste (General Caste).
Khatri is a caste from the northern Indian subcontinent.
Klaus K. Klostermaier (born 1933) is a prominent German-Canadian scholar on Hinduism and Indian history and culture.
Lal Bahadur Shastri (2 October 1904 – 11 January 1966) was the 2nd Prime Minister of India and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress political party.
Lalu Prasad Yadav (born 11 June 1948) is an Indian politician convicted of corruption from the state of Bihar.
A landlord is the owner of a house, apartment, condominium, land or real estate which is rented or leased to an individual or business, who is called a tenant (also a lessee or renter).
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.
The little magazine movement originated in the 1950s and 1960s in many Indian languages like Bengali, Tamil, Marathi, Hindi, Malayalam and Gujarati, as it did in the West, in the early part of the 20th century.
The Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) is a state political party in the state Bihar, India.
Mysore Narasimhachar Srinivas (1916–1999) was an Indian sociologist.
Madhya Pradesh (MP;; meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
Madiga (also known as Maadiga, Maadara, Adi Jambava, Maatangi, Makkalu, Madiga and Madigaru) are a Dalit artisan group.
The Mahar (also known as Maha, Mehar, Taral, Dhegu Megu) is an Indian community found largely in the state of Maharashtra, where they comprise 12% to 15% of the population, and neighbouring areas.
The Mahar Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Mahavira (IAST), also known as Vardhamāna, was the twenty-fourth Tirthankara (ford-maker) of Jainism which was revived and re-established by him.
Mala are Dalits from the south Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Mangalore University (MU) is a public university in Konaje, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India.
Manmohan Singh (born 26 September 1932) is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014.
Mansa district falls under the Indian state of Punjab.
The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that dominated much of the Indian subcontinent in the 17th and 18th century.
Marcus Perkins is a humanitarian photographer based in London.
Marika Vicziany is a professor of Asian Political Economy at Political and Social Inquiry (PSI), Monash University.
Matua Mahasangha is a religious reformation movement that originated in what is today Bangladesh, with a considerable number of adherents both in Bangladesh as well as in West Bengal in India.
Mayawati Das (born 15 January 1956), commonly known as Mayawati or Kumari Mayawati (Miss Mayawati), is an Indian politician who spent four separate terms as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Mazhabi Sikhs (also known as Mazbhabi, Mazbhi, majbi, Majhabhi or Majabhi) are members of an untouchable caste who have rejected Hinduism in favour of the Sikh faith.
Meerut (IAST: Meraṭha), is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
The Midday Meal Scheme is a school meal programme of the Government of India designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide.
Miley Naa Miley Hum is a 2011 Bollywood film directed by Tanveer Khan, and marking the debut of Chirag Paswan, son of Ram Vilas Paswan.
The Ministry of Minority Affairs, is a ministry of the Government of India established in 2006.
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI) is a ministry of Government of India.
Mizoram is a state in Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital city.
Mohan Lal Sukhadia (31 July 1916 – 2 February 1982) was an Indian politician, who served as the Chief Minister of Rajasthan state for 17 years (1954–1971).
The Mukkulathor people, who are also collectively known as Thevar, are native to the central and southern districts of Tamil Nadu, India.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Namantar Andolan (English: Name Change Movement) was a Dalit movement to change the name of Marathwada University in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India to "Dr.
Namasudra, also known as Namassej or Namassut, is an Indian avarna community originating from certain regions of Bengal, India.
Nandanar (also spelt as Nantanar), also known as Tirunalaippovar (Thirunaalaippovar) and Tiru Nalai Povar Nayanar,Other names include: Nandan (Nanda, Nantan), Tirunalaipovanar, Nalaippovar, Nalaippovan was a Nayanar saint, who is venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.
National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) is an Indian constitutional body established with a view to provide safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castes to promote and protect their social, educational, economic and cultural interests, special provisions were made in the Constitution.
National Council of Applied Economic Research or NCAER is a New Delhi based non-profit think tank of economics.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
Negro (plural Negroes) is an archaic term traditionally used to denote persons considered to be of Negroid heritage.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
Night soil is a euphemism for human feces collected from cesspools, privies, pail closets, pit latrines, privy middens, septic tanks, etc.
Nitish Kumar (born 1 March 1951) is an Indian politician who has been the Chief Minister of Bihar, a state in eastern India, since 2017.
Ostracism (ὀστρακισμός, ostrakismos) was a procedure under the Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years.
Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are socially or educationally or economically disadvantaged.
The Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies, founded in 1997, is a Recognised Independent Centre of the University of Oxford, England.
Panna Lal Punia, usually known as P. L. Punia, is an Indian politician and Member of the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh since 2014.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India.
The Pasi were one of the untouchable communities (or dalits) who are now classified as a Scheduled Caste under modern India's system of positive discrimination.
The Poona Pact refers to an agreement between B. R. Ambedkar and M. K. Gandhi on the reservation of electoral seats for the depressed classes in the legislature of British India government.
Prakash Yashwant Ambedkar (born 10 May 1954), popularly known as Balasaheb Ambedkar, is an Indian politician and lawyer.
The premiership of Morarji Desai extended from 24 March 1977 to 15 July 1979.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the executive of the Government of India.
Pune, formerly spelled Poona (1857–1978), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai.
The Punjab Police (abbreviated as PP) is the police agency responsible for Law enforcement and investigations within the state of Punjab, India.
Punjabi (Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ; Shahmukhi: پنجابی) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, ranking as the 10th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.
The Punjabis (Punjabi:, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ), or Punjabi people, are an ethnic group associated with the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, who speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.
Puthiya Tamilakam is a political party based in Southern Tamil Nadu, India representing mainly Devendra Kula Vellalar caste.
Rabri Devi Yadav (born 1956) is an Indian politician from the state of Bihar.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
Ram Vilas Paswan (born 5 July 1946) is an Indian politician, from Bihar and the current Cabinet Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
Ramakrishna Mission named after Ramakrishna Paramhamsa is an Indian socio-religious organisation which forms the core of a worldwide spiritual movement known as the Ramakrishna Movement or the Vedanta Movement.
Ramananda Ray (IAST: Rāmānanda Rāya) lived in the Indian state of Odisha (Oḍiśā) during the latter part of the 15th century to around the middle part of the 16th century CE.
Ramchandra Veerappa was a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India.
The Ramdasia are a Sikh sub-group that has originated from the Hindu caste of weavers known as Julaha.
The Ranvir Sena is a militant group functioning as an upper caste landlord militia, mainly based in the state of Bihar in eastern India.
Ratlam known historically as Ratnapuri (lit. gem city) is a city in the northwestern part of the Malwa region in Madhya Pradesh state of central India.
Guru Ravidas was a North Indian mystic poet-sant of the bhakti movement during the 15th to 16th century CE.
Buddhists take refuge in the Three Jewels or Triple Gem (also known as the "Three Refuges").
The Regar (Raigar, Rehgar, Rehgarh) are a caste found in the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan in India.
Religion in India is characterised by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices.
The Republican Party of India (RPI) is a political party in India.
The system of reservation in India comprises a series of measures, such as reserving access to seats in the various legislatures, to government jobs, and to enrollment in higher educational institutions.
The Sadh is a monotheistic religion.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
SC, ST Sub-Plan, also known as Indiramma Kalalu, refers to the financial commitment of the Government of Andhra Pradesh, in India, for the welfare of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to prevent atrocities against scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
The Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of historically disadvantaged people in India.
The Self-Respect Movement is a movement with the aim of achieving a society where backward castes have equal human rights, and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste-based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy.
Shankar Ramchandra Kharat (11 July 1921 – 9 April 2001) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India.
The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (or SGPC) is an organization in India responsible for the management of gurdwaras, Sikh places of worship in three states of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh and union territory of Chandigarh.
Shudra is the fourth varna, or one of the four social categories found in the texts of Hinduism.
The Sikh gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469.
The Sikh Light Infantry, previously known as The Mazabhi and Ramdasia Sikh Regiment, is a light infantry regiment of the Indian Army.
The Singh Sabha Movement was a Sikh movement that began in Punjab in the 1870s in reaction to the proselytising activities of Christians, Brahmo Samajis, Arya Samaj, Muslim Aligarh movement and Ahmadiyah.
A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.
The Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC) was conducted for the 2011 Census of India.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Sthānakavāsī is a sect of Śvētāmbara Jainism founded by a merchant named Lavaji in 1653 AD.
Stick-fighting, stickfighting, or stick fighting is a variety of martial arts which use simple long slender, blunt, hand-held, generally wooden 'sticks' for fighting; such as a staff, cane, walking stick, baton or similar.
Chinnaswami Subramania Bharati, also known as Bharathiyar (11 December 1882 – 11 September 1921) was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist and a social reformer from Tamil Nadu.
Suraj Bhan (1 October 1928 – 6 August 2006) was a scheduled caste leader and an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party, who was elected to the Lok Sabha on four occasions, and served as governor of the states of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, and Bihar.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Master Tara Singh (24 June 1885, in Rawalpindi, Punjab – 22 November 1967, in Chandigarh) was a prominent Sikh political and religious leader in the first half of the 20th century.
Temple cars are 'ther' (chariots) that are used to carry representations of Hindu gods.
The Temple Entry Proclamation was issued by Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma in 1936 and abolished the ban on the so called 'low caste people' or avarnas from entering Hindu temples in the Princely State of Travancore, now part of Kerala, India.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Tribune is an Indian English-language daily newspaper published from Chandigarh, New Delhi, Jalandhar, Dehradun and Bathinda.
Tonsure is the practice of cutting or shaving some or all of the hair on the scalp, as a sign of religious devotion or humility.
About 104 million people in India are members of Scheduled Tribes, which accounts for 8.6 % of Indias population (according to the 2011 census).
The University of Maryland, College Park (commonly referred to as the University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public research university located in the city of College Park in Prince George's County, Maryland, approximately from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1856, the university is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.
Untouchability is the practice of ostracising a group by segregating them from the mainstream by social custom or legal mandate.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Uttarakhand, officially the State of Uttarakhand (Uttarākhaṇḍ Rājya), formerly known as Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India.
Vachana sahitya is a form of rhythmic writing in Kannada (see also Kannada poetry) that evolved in the 11th century CE and flourished in the 12th century, as a part of the Sharana movement.
The Valmiki (also Balmiki) is a Dalit community of India.
Varṇa (वर्णः) is a Sanskrit word which means type, order, colour or class.
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi (translation: Liberation Panther Party; VCK) is a Dravidian Tamil Nationalist political party in Tamil Nadu, India.
A votebank (also spelled vote-bank or vote bank) is a loyal bloc of voters from a single community, who consistently back a certain candidate or political formation in democratic elections.
Wardha is a city and a municipal council in Wardha district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
The Western Chalukya Empire ruled most of the western Deccan, South India, between the 10th and 12th centuries.
Wolverhampton is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yadav refers to a grouping of traditionally mainly non-elite, Quote: "In southern Awadh, eastern North-Western Provinces, and much of Bihar, non-labouring gentry groups lived in tightly knit enclaves among much larger populations of non-elite 'peasants' and labouring people.
In November and December 2006, the desecration of an Ambedkar statue in Kanpur triggered off violent protests by Dalits in Maharashtra, India.
The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration.
Achuta, Ati-shudra, Dahlit, Dalit (outcast), Dalit (outcaste), Dalit Socialism, Dalit leaders, Dalits, Discrimination against Dalits, Hari (outcaste), Harijan (outcaste), Hindu Untouchables, Nepali Dalit, Untouchable (India), Untouchable (caste), Untouchable caste, Untouchable castes, Untouchables (India), Untouchables (caste).