125 relations: Albertus Magnus, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Alighiero di Bellincione, Arezzo, Arnaut Daniel, Art of Europe, Bartolomeo I della Scala, Battle of Campaldino, Battle of Montaperti, Beatrice Portinari, Bertrand du Pouget, Boethius, Bologna, Bonaventure, Brunetto Latini, Cacciaguida, Cangrande I della Scala, Cante dei Gabrielli, Catholic Church, Cenotaph, Charlemagne, Charles Martel of Anjou, Charles, Count of Valois, Cicero, Cino da Pistoia, Civil law notary, Classical antiquity, Convivio, Corso Donati, Courtly love, De Monarchia, De vulgari eloquentia, Dictionary of the Middle Ages, Dino Compagni, Divine Comedy, Dolce Stil Novo, Dominican Order, Florence, Folco Portinari, Forlì, Franciscans, Gemini (astrology), Geoffrey Chaucer, Gherardini family, Giovanni Boccaccio, Giovanni Villani, Gubbio, Guelphs and Ghibellines, Guido Cavalcanti, Guido Guinizelli, ..., Guido II da Polenta, Heaven, Hell, Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor, Holy Roman Emperor, Homer, In praeclara summorum, Index Librorum Prohibitorum, Inferno (Dante), IntraText, Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione, Italian battleship Dante Alighieri, Italian language, Italian poetry, Jacopo Alighieri, John Milton, Julian calendar, La Vita Nuova, Laelius de Amicitia, Lapo Gianni, Late Middle Ages, Laurel wreath, Le Rime, Liturgy, Love at first sight, Lucca, Ludovico Ariosto, Luxembourg, Malaria, Mendicant orders, Mononymous person, National Research Council (Italy), Nuova Cronica, Occitan language, Ovid, Oxford, Papal States, Petrarch, Philip IV of France, Podestà, Political philosophy, Politician, Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Pope, Pope Benedict XV, Pope Boniface VIII, Praetor, Purgatory, Raimon Vidal de Bezaudun, Ravenna, Republic of Florence, Roman Curia, Sandro Botticelli, Santa Croce, Florence, Santa Maria Novella, Sarzana, Sicilian School, Sicily, Tempera, Terza rima, The Consolation of Philosophy, Thomas Aquinas, Treccani, Troubadour, Tuscan dialect, Tuscany, Uguccione della Faggiuola, Universal monarchy, University of Pisa, Venice, Vernacular, Verona, Virgil, William Shakespeare, Yale University. Expand index (75 more) » « Shrink index
Albertus Magnus, O.P. (c. 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar and bishop.
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.
Alighiero di Bellincione or Alaghiero di Bellincione (c. 1210–not after 1283) was the father of Dante Alighieri.
Arezzo is a city and comune in Italy, capital of the province of the same name located in Tuscany.
Arnaut Daniel (fl. 1180–1200) was an Occitan troubadour of the 12th century, praised by Dante as a "the best smith" (miglior fabbro) and called a "grand master of love" (gran maestro d'amore) by Petrarch.
The art of Europe, or Western art, encompasses the history of visual art in Europe.
Bartolomeo I della Scala (died March 7 or March 8, 1304) was lord of Verona from 1301, a member of the Scaliger family.
The Battle of Campaldino was a battle between the Guelphs and Ghibellines on 11 June 1289.
The Battle of Montaperti was fought on 4 September 1260 between Florence and Siena in Tuscany as part of the conflict between the Guelphs and Ghibellines.
Beatrice "Bice" di Folco Portinari (pronounced, 1265 – 8 June 1290) was an Italian woman who has been commonly identified as the principal inspiration for Dante Alighieri's Vita Nuova, and is also commonly identified with the Beatrice who appears as one of his guides in the Divine Comedy (La Divina Commedia) in the last book, Paradiso, and in the last four cantos of Purgatorio.
Bertrand du Pouget (Italian Bertrando del Poggetto) (1280 – 3 February 1352) was a French papal diplomat and Cardinal.
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius, commonly called Boethius (also Boetius; 477–524 AD), was a Roman senator, consul, magister officiorum, and philosopher of the early 6th century.
Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.
Saint Bonaventure (Bonaventura; 1221 – 15 July 1274), born Giovanni di Fidanza, was an Italian medieval Franciscan, scholastic theologian and philosopher.
Brunetto Latini (c. 1220–1294) (who signed his name Burnectus Latinus in Latin and Burnecto Latino in Italian) was an Italian philosopher, scholar, notary, and statesman.
Cacciaguida degli Elisei (c. 1098 – c. 1148) was an Italian crusader, the great-great-grandfather of Dante Alighieri.
Cangrande (christened Can Francesco) della Scala (9 March 1291 – 22 July 1329) was an Italian nobleman, belonging to the della Scala family which ruled Verona from 1308 until 1387.
Cante dei Gabrielli di Gubbio (c. 1260 – c. 1335) was an Italian nobleman and condottiero.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A cenotaph is an empty tomb or a monument erected in honour of a person or group of people whose remains are elsewhere.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Charles Martel (Martell Károly; 8 September 1271 – 12 August 1295) of the Angevin dynasty was the eldest son of king Charles II of Naples and Maria of Hungary,John V.A. Fine Jr., The Late Medieval Balkans, (The University of Michigan Press, 1994), 207.
Charles of Valois (12 March 1270 – 16 December 1325), the third son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon, was a member of the House of Capet and founder of the House of Valois, whose rule over France would start in 1328.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
Cino da Pistoia (1270 – 1336/37) was an Italian jurist and poet.
Civil-law notaries, or Latin notaries, are agents of noncontentious private civil law who draft, take, and record instruments for private parties and are vested as public officers with the authentication power of the State.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
Convivio (The Banquet) is a work written by Dante Alighieri roughly between 1304 and 1307.
Corso Donati was a leader of the Black Guelph faction in 13th- and early 14th- century Florence.
Courtly love (or fin'amor in Occitan) was a medieval European literary conception of love that emphasized nobility and chivalry.
De Monarchia (Latin pronunciation) is a Latin treatise on secular and religious power by Dante Alighieri, who wrote it between 1312 and 1313.
De vulgari eloquentia (On Eloquence in the vernacular) is the title of a Latin essay by Dante Alighieri.
The Dictionary of the Middle Ages is a 13-volume encyclopedia of the Middle Ages published by the American Council of Learned Societies between 1982 and 1989.
Dino Compagni (c. 1255February 26, 1324) was an Italian historical writer and political figure.
The Divine Comedy (Divina Commedia) is a long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. 1308 and completed in 1320, a year before his death in 1321.
Dolce Stil Novo (Italian for "sweet new style", modern Italian stile nuovo), or stilnovismo, is the name given to the most important literary movement of the 13th century in Italy.
The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Folco Portinari (died 31 December 1289) was an Italian banker.
Forlì (Furlè; Forum Livii) is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, and is the capital of the province of Forlì-Cesena.
The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi.
Gemini (pronunciation: (♊) is the third astrological sign in the zodiac, originating from the constellation of Gemini. Under the tropical zodiac, the sun transits this sign between May 21 and June 21. Gemini is represented by the twins Castor and Pollux. The symbol of the twins is based on the Dioscuri, one mortal and one immortal, that were granted shared half-immortality after the death of the mortal brother (Castor).
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
The Gherardinis of Montagliari (or Florence) are a family that is still thriving.
Giovanni Boccaccio (16 June 1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian writer, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist.
Giovanni Villani (1276 or 1280 – 1348)Bartlett (1992), 35.
Gubbio is a town and comune in the far northeastern part of the Italian province of Perugia (Umbria).
The Guelphs and Ghibellines (guelfi e ghibellini) were factions supporting the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor, respectively, in the Italian city-states of central and northern Italy.
Guido Cavalcanti (between 1250 and 1259 – August 1300) was an Italian poet and troubadour, as well as an intellectual influence on his best friend, Dante Alighieri.
Guido Guinizelli (c. 1230–1276), born in Bologna, in present-day Emilia-Romagna, Northern Italy, was an Italian poet and 'founder' of the Dolce Stil Novo.
Guido II da Polenta (died 1330), also known as Guido Novello, was an Italian who served as lord of Ravenna from 1316 until 1322.
Heaven, or the heavens, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
Hell, in many religious and folkloric traditions, is a place of torment and punishment in the afterlife.
Henry VII (German: Heinrich; c. 1275 – 24 August 1313)Kleinhenz, pg.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
In praeclara summorum (Among the many celebrated geniuses) is the eleventh encyclical of Pope Benedict XV, published on 30 April 1921, for the occasion of the sixth centenary of the death of Dante.
The Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books) was a list of publications deemed heretical, or contrary to morality by the Sacred Congregation of the Index (a former Dicastery of the Roman Curia) and thus Catholics were forbidden to read them.
Inferno (Italian for "Hell") is the first part of Dante Alighieri's 14th-century epic poem Divine Comedy.
IntraText is a digital library that offers an interface while meeting formal requirements.
The "Alessandro Faedo" Institute of Information Science and Technology (in Italian, Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione) is an institute of the Italian National Research Council (CNR).
Dante Alighieri was the first dreadnought battleship built for the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy), and completed in 1913.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Italian poetry is a category of Italian literature.
Jacopo Alighieri (1289–1348) was an Italian poet, the son of Dante Alighieri, whom he followed in his exile.
John Milton (9 December 16088 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
La Vita Nuova (Italian for "The New Life") or Vita Nova (Latin title) is a text by Dante Alighieri published in 1295.
Laelius de Amicitia (or simply De Amicitia) is a treatise on friendship by the Roman statesman and author Marcus Tullius Cicero, written in 44 BC.
Lapo Gianni (died after 1328) was an Italian poet who lived in Florence in the 13th-14th centuries.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
A laurel wreath is a symbol of victory and honor.
Le Rime (The Rhymes) are a group of lyric poems by Dante Alighieri written throughout his life and based on the poet's varied existential and stylistic experiences.
Liturgy is the customary public worship performed by a religious group, according to its beliefs, customs and traditions.
Love at first sight is a personal experience and a common trope in literature: a person, character, or speaker feels an instant, extreme, and ultimately long-lasting romantic attraction for a stranger upon the first sight of that stranger.
Lucca is a city and comune in Tuscany, Central Italy, on the Serchio, in a fertile plain near the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Ludovico Ariosto (8 September 1474 – 6 July 1533) was an Italian poet.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Mendicant orders are, primarily, certain Christian religious orders that have adopted a lifestyle of poverty, traveling, and living in urban areas for purposes of preaching, evangelism, and ministry, especially to the poor.
A mononymous person is an individual who is known and addressed by a single name, or mononym.
The Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) or National Research Council, is the largest research council in Italy.
The Nuova Cronica or New Chronicles is a 14th-century history of Florence created in a year-by-year linear format and written by the Florentine banker and official Giovanni Villani (c. 1276 or 1280–1348).
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Stato della Chiesa,; Status Ecclesiasticus; also Dicio Pontificia), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula under the direct sovereign rule of the Pope, from the 8th century until 1870.
Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was a scholar and poet of Renaissance Italy who was one of the earliest humanists.
Philip IV (April–June 1268 – 29 November 1314), called the Fair (Philippe le Bel) or the Iron King (le Roi de fer), was King of France from 1285 until his death.
Podestà is the name given to certain high officials in many Italian cities beginning in the later Middle Ages.
Political philosophy, or political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
The Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas (PUST), also known as the Angelicum in honor of its patron the Doctor Angelicus Thomas Aquinas, is located in the historic center of Rome, Italy.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus; Benedetto), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 3 September 1914 until his death in 1922.
Pope Boniface VIII (Bonifatius VIII; born Benedetto Caetani (c. 1230 – 11 October 1303), was Pope from 24 December 1294 to his death in 1303. He organized the first Catholic "jubilee" year to take place in Rome and declared that both spiritual and temporal power were under the pope's jurisdiction, and that kings were subordinate to the power of the Roman pontiff. Today, he is probably best remembered for his feuds with King Philip IV of France, who caused the Pope's death, and Dante Alighieri, who placed the pope in the Eighth Circle of Hell in his Divine Comedy, among the simoniacs.
Praetor (also spelled prætor) was a title granted by the government of Ancient Rome to men acting in one of two official capacities: the commander of an army (in the field or, less often, before the army had been mustered); or, an elected magistratus (magistrate), assigned various duties (which varied at different periods in Rome's history).
In Roman Catholic theology, purgatory (via Anglo-Norman and Old French) is an intermediate state after physical death in which some of those ultimately destined for heaven must first "undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven," holding that "certain offenses can be forgiven in this age, but certain others in the age to come." And that entrance into Heaven requires the "remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven," for which indulgences may be given which remove "either part or all of the temporal punishment due to sin," such as an "unhealthy attachment" to sin.
Raimon Vidal de Bezaudu(n) (Catalan: Ramon Vidal de Besalú) (flourished early 13th century) was a Catalan troubadour from Besalù.
Ravenna (also locally; Ravèna) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.
The Republic of Florence, also known as the Florentine Republic (Repubblica Fiorentina), was a medieval and early modern state that was centered on the Italian city of Florence in Tuscany.
The Roman Curia is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See and the central body through which the Roman Pontiff conducts the affairs of the universal Catholic Church.
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (c. 1445 – May 17, 1510), known as Sandro Botticelli, was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance.
The Basilica di Santa Croce (Basilica of the Holy Cross) is the principal Franciscan church in Florence, Italy, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church.
Santa Maria Novella is a church in Florence, Italy, situated just across from the main railway station named after it.
Sarzana is a town, comune (municipality) and former short-lived Catholic bishopric in the Province of La Spezia, of Liguria region, northwestern Italy, east of Spezia, on the railway to Pisa, at the point where the railway to Parma diverges to the north.
The Sicilian School was a small community of Sicilian, and to a lesser extent, mainland Italian poets gathered around Frederick II, most of them belonging to his court, the Magna Curia.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Tempera, also known as egg tempera, is a permanent, fast-drying painting medium consisting of colored pigments mixed with a water-soluble binder medium (usually glutinous material such as egg yolk or some other size).
Terza rima is a rhyming verse stanza form that consists of an interlocking three-line rhyme scheme.
The Consolation of Philosophy (De consolatione philosophiae) is a philosophical work by Boethius, written around the year 524.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.
The Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (Italian for "Italian Encyclopaedia of Science, Letters, and Arts"), best known as Treccani for its developer Giovanni Treccani or Enciclopedia Italiana, is an Italian-language encyclopaedia.
A troubadour (trobador, archaically: -->) was a composer and performer of Old Occitan lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100–1350).
Tuscan (dialetto toscano) is a set of Italo-Dalmatian varieties mainly spoken in Tuscany, Italy.
Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).
Uguccione della Faggiuola (c. 1250 – 1 November 1319) was an Italian condottiero, and chief magistrate of Pisa, Lucca and Forlì (from 1297).
A Universal Monarchy is a concept and a political situation where one monarchy is deemed to have either sole rule over everywhere (or at least the predominant part of a geopolitical area or areas) or to have a special supremacy over all other states (or at least all the states in a geopolitical area or areas).
The University of Pisa (Università di Pisa, UniPi) is an Italian public research university located in Pisa, Italy.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.
Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
Alighieri, Alighieri Dante, Alighieri, Dante, D. Alighieri, Dante, Dante Alghieri, Dante Aligheiri, Dante Aligheri, Dante Alighieri's, Dante Alleghieri, Dante aligheri, Dante alighieri, Dantean, Durante Alighieri, Durante degli Alighieri, Durante degli alighieri, Father of the Italian language, Fedeli d’Amore, Il Sommo Poeta, Supreme Poet, The Supreme Poet.