58 relations: Anachronism, Baguazhang, Baseball, Basket-hilted sword, Bronze Age, Cambridge University Press, Cavalry, Center of percussion, Central Asia, Changdao, Chinese language, Chinese martial arts, Chinese swords and polearms, Cricket, Falchion, Fuller (weapon), Guandao, Gun (staff), Han dynasty, Hilt, Indian people, Inner Asia, Jian, Knife, Lanyard, Manchu people, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Miaodao, Militia, Ming dynasty, Mongols, Nandao, Persian people, Piracy, Podao, Qiang (spear), Qing dynasty, Routledge, Sabre, Second Sino-Japanese War, Shang dynasty, Shield, Song dynasty, Steppe, Sui dynasty, Sword, Tai chi, Tang dynasty, The Sword March, Three Kingdoms, ..., Tungusic peoples, Turkic peoples, Walking stick, Warring States period, Wokou, Wushu (sport), Yuan dynasty, Zhanmadao. Expand index (8 more) » « Shrink index
An anachronism (from the Greek ἀνά ana, "against" and χρόνος khronos, "time") is a chronological inconsistency in some arrangement, especially a juxtaposition of persons, events, objects, or customs from different periods of time.
Baguazhang is one of the three main Chinese martial arts of the Wudang school, the other two being Taijiquan and Xing Yi Quan.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
The basket-hilted sword is a sword type of the early modern era characterised by a basket-shaped guard that protects the hand.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
The Center of Percussion is the point on an extended massive object attached to a pivot where a perpendicular impact will produce no reactive shock at the pivot.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
The changdao was a two-handed, single-edged Chinese sword.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu and wushu, are the several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China.
The Chinese classify all swords into two types, jian (劍) and dao (刀).
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
A falchion (Old French: fauchon; Latin: falx, "sickle") is a one-handed, single-edged sword of European origin, whose design is reminiscent of the Chinese dadao, and modern machete.
A fuller is a rounded or beveled longitudinal groove or slot along the flat side of a blade (e.g. a sword, knife, or bayonet) that is made using a blacksmithing tool called a spring swage or, like the groove, a fuller.
A guandao is a type of Chinese pole weapon that is used in some forms of Chinese martial arts.
The Chinese word gun (literally, "rod", "stick") refers to a long Chinese staff weapon used in Chinese martial arts.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
The hilt (rarely called the haft) of a sword is its handle, consisting of a guard, grip and pommel.
Inner Asia refers to regions within East Asia and North Asia that are today part of western China, Mongolia and eastern Russia.
The jian (Cantonese: Gim) is a double-edged straight sword used during the last 2,500 years in China.
A knife (plural knives) is a tool with a cutting edge or blade, hand-held or otherwise, with most having a handle.
A lanyard is a cord or strap worn around the neck, shoulder, or wrist to carry such items as keys or identification cards.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
The miaodao (苗刀) is a Chinese two-handed dao or saber of the Republican era, with a narrow blade with a length of or more and a long hilt.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Nandao is a kind of sword that is used mostly in contemporary Chinese wushu exercises and forms.
The Persians--> are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.
Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties.
Podao or pudao is a Chinese edged infantry weapon which is still used primarily for training in various Chinese martial arts.
Qiang is the Chinese term for spear.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
The sabre (British English) or saber (American English) is a type of backsword with a curved blade associated with the light cavalry of the early modern and Napoleonic periods.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.
A shield is a piece of personal armour held in the hand or mounted on the wrist or forearm.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
In physical geography, a steppe (p) is an ecoregion, in the montane grasslands and shrublands and temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands biomes, characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes.
The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.
A sword is a bladed weapon intended for slashing or thrusting that is longer than a knife or dagger.
Tai chi (taiji), short for T'ai chi ch'üan, or Taijiquan (pinyin: tàijíquán; 太极拳), is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
"The Sword March" is a Chinese patriotic song first sung in Republican China during the Second Sino-Japanese War (World War II) after the Japanese invasion of 1937.
The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).
Tungusic peoples are the peoples who speak Tungusic languages.
The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethno-linguistic groups of Central, Eastern, Northern and Western Asia as well as parts of Europe and North Africa.
A walking stick is a device used to facilitate walking, for fashion, or for defensive reasons.
The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.
Wokou (Japanese: Wakō; Korean: 왜구 Waegu), which literally translates to "Japanese pirates" or "dwarf pirates", were pirates who raided the coastlines of China, Japan and Korea.
Wushu is a martial art and a full-contact sport.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
The zhanmadao was a single-bladed anti-cavalry Chinese sword.
Broadsword (Chinese), Chinese broadsword, Chinese saber, Chinese sabre, Dadao (sword), Dan dao, Dao (broadsword), Dao (saber), Dao (weapon), Dao Blade, Dāo, Kan dao, Saber (Chinese), Sabre (Chinese), Shoudao, Sword-knife.