230 relations: Abortion, Accidental Death of an Anarchist, Albinism, Ambra Angiolini, American Theatre Critics Association, Amintore Fanfani, An Arab Woman Speaks, Angelo Beolco, Anti-fascism, Anton Chekhov, Antonio Gramsci, Archangels Don't Play Pinball, Argentina, Arthur Miller, Aspirin, Assassination, Assassination of John F. Kennedy, Atheism, Avvenire, BBC News, Benito Mussolini, Beppe Grillo, Bernard Malamud, Bertolt Brecht, Black September, Brera Academy, Bruno Ferrante, Buster Keaton, Camorra, Can't Pay? Won't Pay!, Canzonissima, Carabinieri, Cardinal Vicar, Carlo Bo, Carlo Goldoni, Carlo Lizzani, Catholic theology, Cesena, Charlie Chaplin, Chile, Christopher Columbus, Collapse of the World Trade Center, Commedia dell'arte, Conspicuous consumption, Corpse for Sale, Corruption, Dino De Laurentiis, Diocese of Rome, Drama, Edmund Muskie, ..., Eduardo De Filippo, Elizabeth: Almost by Chance a Woman, English-speaking world, Eugenio Montale, Euripides, Euronews, European debt crisis, Fantastico (variety show), Fascism, Federal government of the United States, Fiorenzo Carpi, Five Star Movement, Forza Italia, Franca Rame, Free love, Gabriel García Márquez, Gabriele Albertini, Genetic engineering, George Bernard Shaw, Gertrude (Hamlet), Ghost (Hamlet), Giorgio Strehler, Giustino Durano, Glassblowing, Gomorrah (book), Graveyard slot, Gulf War, Hamlet, Harlequin, Henrik Ibsen, History of Europe, HIV/AIDS, Holy Family, Honorary degree, Horatio (Hamlet), Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Ingrid Bergman, Interbanca, Iran, Isabella, Three Sailing Ships and a Con Man, Italian Communist Party, Italian general election, 1976, Italian general election, 2013, Italian regional elections, 1975, Italian resistance movement, Italian Socialist Party, Italy, Jacopo Fo, Jacques Tati, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Jester, Jim Crow laws, Johan Padan and the Discovery of the Americas, Joseph Papp, Juliet, King Claudius, Kingdom of Italy, L'Unità, La Repubblica, Lake Maggiore, Le Quotidien de Paris, Lee Harvey Oswald, Leggiuno, Leonardo da Vinci, Let's Talk About Women, Lo svitato, Lombardy, Lortel Archives, Luigi Pirandello, Lysergic acid diethylamide, Mamma Togni, Mani pulite, Marcello Dell'Utri, Mario Luzi, Mario Pirovano, Martin Scorsese, May 1968 events in France, Mayor of Milan, Mechanization, Merano, Methuen Publishing, Michele Lu Lanzone, Middle Ages, Milan, Mistero Buffo, Molière, Monologue, Monza, Netherlands, Niccolò Machiavelli, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Literature, Obie Award, One was Nude and One wore Tails, Ophelia, Organized crime, Othello (character), Palestinian territories, Paolo Rossi (actor), Piazza Fontana bombing, Piccolo Teatro (Milan), Playwright, Poland, Political campaign, Polytechnic University of Milan, Porta Vittoria, Porto Valtravaglia, Post-war, Power (social and political), Primary elections in Italy, Prince Hamlet, Province of Varese, Racism, RAI, Rai 1, Rai 2, Rai 3, Richard Foreman, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Roberto Rossellini, Roberto Saviano, Romania, Rome, Romeo, Ronald Reagan, Sabina Guzzanti, Salvador Allende, Sangiano, Sassari, Satrap, Scenic design, September 11 attacks, Sexism, Sicily, Silvio Berlusconi, Sonning Prize, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Spanish Inquisition, Sri Lanka, Station master, Statue of Liberty, Stephen Stenning, Strategy of tension, Substance dependence, Sweden, Swedish Academy, Taormina, Teatro Odeón, The Birth of the Jongleur, The Butterfly Mouse, The Devil with Boobs, The First Miracle of the Infant Jesus, The Guardian, The Independent, The Open Couple, The Pope and the Witch, The Tale of a Tiger, The Tumult of Bologna, The Union (Italy), The Virtuous Burglar, Theatre director, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Tony Kushner, Trumpets and Raspberries, Turin, Ugo Poletti, Umberto Eco, United States Department of State, University of Copenhagen, Veneto, Vietnam War, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Vladimir Putin, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, War, World War II, Yugoslavia. Expand index (180 more) » « Shrink index
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
Accidental Death of an Anarchist (Italian title: Morte accidentale di un anarchico) is a play by Italian playwright and left-wing activist Dario Fo.
Albinism in humans is a congenital disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes.
Ambra Angiolini (born 22 April 1977 in Rome) is an Italian actress, TV host and singer.
The American Theatre Critics Association (ATCA) is the only nationwide professional association of theatre critics in the United States.
Amintore Fanfani (6 February 1908 – 20 November 1999) was an Italian politician and the Prime Minister of Italy for five separate runs.
An Arab Woman Speaks is a dramatic monologue from Fedayn (1972) by Dario Fo and Franca Rame.
Angelo Beolco (1502 – March 17, 1542), better known by the nickname Il Ruzzante or el Ruzante, was an Venetian actor and playwright.
Anti-fascism is opposition to fascist ideologies, groups and individuals.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.
Antonio Francesco Gramsci (22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist philosopher and politician.
Archangels Don't Play Pinball (Italian title: Gli arcangeli non giocano al flipper) is a 1959 two-act play by Dario Fo.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Arthur Asher Miller (October 17, 1915 – February 10, 2005) was an American playwright, essayist, and figure in twentieth-century American theater.
Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to treat pain, fever, or inflammation.
Assassination is the killing of a prominent person, either for political or religious reasons or for payment.
John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Avvenire is an Italian daily newspaper which is affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church and is based in Milan.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Giuseppe Piero "Beppe" Grillo (born 21 July 1948) is an Italian comedian, actor, blogger and political activist.
Bernard Malamud (April 26, 1914 – March 18, 1986) was an American novelist and short story writer.
Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.
Black September (أيلول الأسود; Aylūl Al-Aswad) was the conflict fought in Jordan between the Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF), under the leadership of King Hussein, and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), under the leadership of Yasser Arafat, primarily between 16 and 27 September 1970, with certain actions continuing until 17 July 1971.
The Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera ("academy of fine arts of Brera"), also known as the italic or Brera Academy, is a state-run tertiary public academy of fine arts in Milan, Italy.
Bruno Ferrante (born 26 April 1947 in Lecce) was Milan prefect from 8 June 2000 to November 2005.
Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton (October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American actor, comedian, film director, producer, screenwriter, and stunt performer.
The Camorra is an Italian Mafia-type, by Umberto Santino, in: Albanese, Das & Verma, Organized Crime.
Can't Pay? Won't Pay! (Italian: Non Si Paga! Non Si Paga!, also translated We Can't Pay? We Won't Pay! and Low Pay? Don't Pay!) is play originally written in Italian by Dario Fo.
Canzonissima was an Italian musical variety show broadcast by Rai 1 from 1958 to 1974, with an interruption between 1963 and 1967, aired on Saturday evening except for the last two editions in which it was aired on Sunday afternoon.
The Carabinieri (formally Arma dei Carabinieri, "Carabinieri Force" or previously Corpo dei Carabinieri Reali, "Royal Carabinieri Corps") is the fourth Italian military force charged with police duties under the authority of the Ministry of Defense.
Cardinal Vicar (Cardinale Vicario) is a title commonly given to the vicar general of the Diocese of Rome for the portion of the diocese within Italy (i.e. excluding the portion within Vatican City).
Carlo Bo (25 January 1911 – 21 July 2001) was a poet, literary critic, a professor and Life senator of Italy (from 1984).
Carlo Osvaldo Goldoni (25 February 1707 – 6 February 1793) was an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice.
Carlo Lizzani (3 April 1922 – 5 October 2013) was an Italian film director, screenwriter and critic.
Catholic theology is the understanding of Catholic doctrine or teachings, and results from the studies of theologians.
Cesena (Cisêna) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, south of Ravenna and west of Rimini, on the Savio River, co-chief of the Province of Forlì-Cesena.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.
The Twin Towers of the World Trade Center (WTC) collapsed on September 11, 2001, as a result of being struck by two jet airliners hijacked by 10 terrorists affiliated with al-Qaeda, during the September 11 attacks.
(comedy of the profession) was an early form of professional theatre, originating from Italy, that was popular in Europe from the 16th through the 18th century.
Conspicuous consumption is the spending of money on and the acquiring of luxury goods and services to publicly display economic power—of the income or of the accumulated wealth of the buyer.
Corpse for Sale (Italian: Un morto da vendere) is a one-act play by Dario Fo.
Corruption is a form of dishonesty undertaken by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit.
Agostino "Dino" De Laurentiis (8 August 1919 – 10 November 2010) was an Italian film producer.
The Diocese of Rome (Dioecesis Urbis seu Romana, Diocesi di Roma) is a diocese of the Catholic Church in Rome.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
Edmund Sixtus Muskie (March 28, 1914March 26, 1996) was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 58th United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter, a United States Senator from Maine from 1959 to 1980, the 64th Governor of Maine from 1955 to 1959, a member of the Maine House of Representatives from 1946 to 1951, and the Democratic Party's candidate for Vice President of the United States in the 1968 election.
Eduardo De Filippo (24 May 1900 – 31 October 1984), also known simply as Eduardo was an Italian actor, playwright, screenwriter, author and poet, best known for his Neapolitan works Filumena Marturano and Napoli Milionaria.
Elizabeth: Almost by Chance a Woman (Italian title: Quasi per caso una donna: Elisabetta) is a play by Dario Fo written in 1984.
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
Eugenio Montale (12 October 1896 – 12 September 1981) was an Italian poet, prose writer, editor and translator, and recipient of the 1975 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Euripides (Εὐριπίδης) was a tragedian of classical Athens.
Euronews is a multilingual news media service, headquartered in Lyon, France.
The European debt crisis (often also referred to as the Eurozone crisis or the European sovereign debt crisis) is a multi-year debt crisis that has been taking place in the European Union since the end of 2009.
Fantastico was an Italian Saturday night variety show broadcast by Rai 1 from 1979 to 1991, with an interruption in 1980, when it was replaced by the game show Scacco matto.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Fiorenzo Carpi (19 October 1918 – 21 May 1997) was an Italian composer and pianist, probably best known for the "Pinocchio" theme.
The Five Star Movement (Movimento 5 Stelle, M5S) is a political party in Italy.
Forza ItaliaThe name is not usually translated into English: forza is the second-person singular imperative of ''forzare'', in this case translating to "to compel" or "to press", and so means something like "Forward, Italy", "Come on, Italy" or "Go, Italy!".
Franca Rame (18 July 1929 – 29 May 2013) was an Italian theatre actress, playwright and political activist.
Free love is a social movement that accepts all forms of love.
Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez (6 March 1927 – 17 April 2014) was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo or Gabito throughout Latin America.
Gabriele Albertini (born 6 July 1950 in Milan) is an Italian politician, who formerly served as Mayor of Milan and presently as a Member of the European Parliament for North-Western Italy.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.
In William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Gertrude is Hamlet's mother and Queen of Denmark.
The ghost of Hamlet's late father is a character from William Shakespeare's play Hamlet.
Giorgio Strehler (14 August 1921 – 25 December 1997) was an Italian opera and theatre director.
Giustino Durano (5 May 1923 in Brindisi, Italy - 18 February 2002 in Bologna, Italy) was a long lasting movie actor who is best known for his work as Eliseo Orefice in the 1997 film, Life Is Beautiful. For his role he was nominated in part for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast.
Glassblowing is a glassforming technique that involves inflating molten glass into a bubble (or parison), with the aid of a blowpipe (or blow tube).
Gomorrah (Italian: Gomorra) is a non-fiction investigative book by Roberto Saviano published in 2006, which documents Saviano's infiltration and investigation of various areas of business and daily life controlled or affected by criminal organization Camorra.
A graveyard slot (or death slot) is a time period in which a television audience is very small compared to other times of the day, and therefore broadcast programming is considered far less important.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between 1599 and 1602.
Harlequin (Arlecchino, Arlequin, Old French Harlequin) is the best-known of the zanni or comic servant characters from the Italian Commedia dell'arte.
Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.
The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
The Holy Family consists of the Child Jesus, the Virgin Mary, and Saint Joseph.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
Horatio is a character in William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, also known as the McCarran–Walter Act, codified under Title 8 of the United States Code, governs immigration to and citizenship in the United States.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Ingrid Bergman (29 August 1915 – 29 August 1982) was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films.
Interbanca S.p.A. was an Italian merchant bank that specializes in lending and financing transactions for medium-sized firms.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Isabella, Three Sailing Ships and a Con Man (Italian title: Isabella, tre caravelle e un cacciaballe) is a 1963 two-act play by Italian playwright Dario Fo, the recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature.
The Italian Communist Party (Partito Comunista Italiano, PCI) was a communist political party in Italy.
General elections were held in Italy on 20 June 1976, to select the Seventh Republican Parliament.
A general election took place on 24–25 February 2013 to determine the 630 members of the Chamber of Deputies and the 315 elective members of the Senate of the Republic for the 17th Parliament of the Italian Republic.
The Italian regional elections of 1975 were held on June 15.
The Italian resistance movement (Resistenza italiana or just la Resistenza) is an umbrella term for resistance groups that opposed the occupying German forces and the Italian Fascist puppet regime of the Italian Social Republic during the later years of World War II.
The Italian Socialist Party (PSI) was a socialist and later social-democratic political party in Italy.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jacopo Fo (born 31 March 1955) is an Italian writer-actor and director.
Jacques Tati (born Jacques Tatischeff,; 9 October 1907 – 5 November 1982) was a French filmmaker, actor, and screenwriter.
Jean-Pierre Thiollet (born December 9, 1956 in Poitiers) is a French writer and journalist.
A jester, court jester, or fool, was historically an entertainer during the medieval and Renaissance eras who was a member of the household of a nobleman or a monarch employed to entertain him and his guests.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
Johan Padan and the Discovery of the Americas is a one-man play by Dario Fo, recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Joseph "Joe" Papp (June 22, 1921 – October 31, 1991) was an American theatrical producer and director.
Juliet Capulet is the female protagonist in William Shakespeare's romantic tragedy Romeo and Juliet.
King Claudius is a fictional character and the primary antagonist of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
L'Unità was an Italian newspaper, founded as official newspaper of the Italian Communist Party.
la Repubblica (the Republic) is an Italian daily general-interest newspaper.
Lake Maggiore (Lago Maggiore, literally 'Greater Lake') or Lago Verbàno (Lacus Verbanus) is a large lake located on the south side of the Alps.
Le Quotidien de Paris was a French newspaper founded in 1974 by.
Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was a Marxist and ex-Marine who assassinated United States President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
Leggiuno is a town and comune in the province of Varese, Lombardy, Italy.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Se permettete parliamo di donne (internationally released as Let's Talk About Women) is a 1964 Italian comedy film.
Lo svitato is a 1956 Italian comedy film directed by Carlo Lizzani.
Lombardy (Lombardia; Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of.
The Lortel Archives, or the Internet Off-Broadway Database (IOBDb) is an online database that catalogues theatre productions shown off-Broadway.
Luigi Pirandello (28 June 1867 – 10 December 1936) was an Italian dramatist, novelist, poet, and short story writer whose greatest contributions were his plays.
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), also known as acid, is a psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects, which may include altered awareness of one's surroundings, perceptions, and feelings as well as sensations and images that seem real though they are not.
Mamma Togni is a dramatic monologue by Dario Fo, set in Italy during the Second World War.
Mani pulite (Italian for "clean hands") was a nationwide judicial investigation into political corruption in Italy held in the 1990s.
Marcello Dell'Utri (born 11 September 1941 in Palermo, Sicily) is a convicted mafia criminal and a former Italian politician senior advisor to Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
Mario Luzi (20 October 1914 – 28 February 2005) was an Italian poet.
Mario Pirovano (Milan, 20 April 1950) is an Italian theatrical actor, storyteller, translator and interpreter of Dario Fo's monologues.
Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor and film historian, whose career spans more than 50 years.
The volatile period of civil unrest in France during May 1968 was punctuated by demonstrations and massive general strikes as well as the occupation of universities and factories across France.
The Mayor of Milan (Sindaco di Milano) is an elected politician who, along with the Milan’s City Council of 48 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Milan in northern Italy.
Mechanization or mechanisation (British English) is the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery.
Merano or Meran is a town and comune in South Tyrol, northern Italy.
Methuen Publishing Ltd is an English publishing house.
Michele Lu Lanzone is a dramatic monologue by Dario Fo.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Mistero buffo ("Comical Mystery Play") is Dario Fo's solo pièce célèbre, performed across Europe, Canada and Latin America from 1969 to 1999.
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his stage name Molière (15 January 162217 February 1673), was a French playwright, actor and poet, widely regarded as one of the greatest writers in the French language and universal literature.
In theatre, a monologue (from μονόλογος, from μόνος mónos, "alone, solitary" and λόγος lógos, "speech") is a speech presented by a single character, most often to express their mental thoughts aloud, though sometimes also to directly address another character or the audience.
Monza (Mùnscia; Modoetia) is a city and comune on the River Lambro, a tributary of the Po in the Lombardy region of Italy, about north-northeast of Milan.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance period.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Obie Awards or Off-Broadway Theater Awards are annual awards originally given by The Village Voice newspaper to theatre artists and groups in New York City.
One Was Nude and One Wore Tails is a one-act farce by Dario Fo, in which a man escaping from the scene of a love affair is forced to find a place to hide.
Ophelia is a character in William Shakespeare's drama Hamlet.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
Othello is a character in Shakespeare's Othello (c. 1601–1604).
Palestinian territories and occupied Palestinian territories (OPT or oPt) are terms often used to describe the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, which are occupied or otherwise under the control of Israel.
Paolo Rossi (born 22 June 1953) is an Italian actor, writer, comedian, singer-songwriter and television personality.
The Piazza Fontana Bombing (Strage di Piazza Fontana) was a terrorist attack that occurred on 12 December 1969 when a bomb exploded at the headquarters of Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura (National Agrarian Bank) in Piazza Fontana (some 200 metres from the Duomo) in Milan, Italy, killing 17 people and wounding 88.
The Piccolo Teatro della Città di Milano (translation: "Little Theatre of the City of Milan") is a theatre in Milan, Italy.
A playwright or dramatist (rarely dramaturge) is a person who writes plays.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
A political campaign is an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making process within a specific group.
The italic (Polytechnic University of Milan) is the largest technical university in Italy, with about 42,000 students.
Porta Vittoria (formerly Porta Tosa) was a city gate in the Spanish walls of Milan, Italy.
Porto Valtravaglia is a comune (municipality) of c. 2,400 inhabitants in the Province of Varese in the Italian region Lombardy, located about northwest of Milan and about northwest of Varese.
A post-war period or postwar period is the interval immediately following the end of a war.
In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.
Primary elections were first introduced in Italy by Lega Nord in 1995, but were seldom used until before the 2005 regional elections.
Prince Hamlet is the title character and protagonist of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
The province of Varese (provincia di Varese) is a province in the Lombardy region of Italy.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
RAI – Radiotelevisione italiana S.p.A. (commercially styled Rai; known until 1954 as Radio Audizioni Italiane is the national public broadcasting company of Italy, owned by the Ministry of Economy and Finance. The RAI operates many DVB and Sat television channels and radio stations, broadcasting via digital terrestrial transmission (15 television and 7 radio channels nationwide) and from several satellite platforms. It is the biggest television broadcaster in Italy and competes with Mediaset, and other minor television and radio networks. The RAI has a relatively high television audience share of 33.8%. RAI broadcasts are also received in neighboring countries, including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, San Marino, Slovenia, Vatican City, Switzerland, and Tunisia, and elsewhere on cable and satellite. Sometimes Rai 1 was received even further in Europe via Sporadic E until the digital switch off in July 2012. Half of the RAI's revenues come from broadcast receiving licence fees, the rest from the sale of advertising time Retrieved on 2007-10-10 Italian Ministry of Communications, Retrieved on 2007-10-10. In 1950, the RAI became one of the 23 founding broadcasting organizations of the European Broadcasting Union.
Rai 1 (until May 2010 known as Rai Uno) is the flagship television channel of Rai, Italy's national public service broadcaster, and the most watched television channel in the country.
Rai 2 is one of the three main television channels broadcast by Italian public television company RAI alongside Rai 1 and Rai 3.
Rai 3 is part of Rai, the Italian government broadcasting agency, which owns other channels, such as Rai 1 and Rai 2 (amongst others).
Richard Foreman (born June 10, 1937 in New York City) is an American playwright and avant-garde theater pioneer.
Rita Levi-Montalcini, (22 April 1909 – 30 December 2012) was an Italian Nobel laureate, honored for her work in neurobiology.
Roberto Gastone Zeffiro Rossellini (8 May 1906 – 3 June 1977) was an Italian film director and screenwriter.
Roberto Saviano (Naples, September 22, 1979) is an Italian journalist, writer and essayist.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Romeo Montague (Romeo Montecchi) is the protagonist of William Shakespeare's tragedy, The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Sabina Guzzanti (born 25 July 1963) is an Italian satirist, actress, writer and producer whose work is devoted to examining social and political life in Italy.
Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens (26 June 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections.
Sangiano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Varese in the Italian region Lombardy, located about northwest of Milan and about northwest of Varese.
Sassari (Sassari; Tàtari) is an Italian city and the second-largest of Sardinia in terms of population with 127,525 inhabitants, and a Functional Urban Area of about 222,000 inhabitants.
Satraps were the governors of the provinces of the ancient Median and Achaemenid Empires and in several of their successors, such as in the Sasanian Empire and the Hellenistic empires.
Scenic design (also known as scenography, stage design, set design, or production design) is the creation of theatrical, as well as film or television scenery.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Sexism is prejudice or discrimination based on a person's sex or gender.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Silvio Berlusconi (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.
The Sonning Prize (Sonningprisen) is a Danish culture prize awarded biennially for outstanding contributions to European culture.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition (Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition (Inquisición española), was established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
The station master (or stationmaster) is the person in charge of a railway station, particularly in the United Kingdom and many other countries outside North America.
The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States.
Stephen Stenning (aka Stephen Bailey) joined the British Council in 2011 as Director Arts Middle East North Africa.
A strategy of tension (strategia della tensione) is a policy wherein violent struggle is encouraged rather than suppressed.
Substance dependence also known as drug dependence is an adaptive state that develops from repeated drug administration, and which results in withdrawal upon cessation of drug use.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
The Swedish Academy (Svenska Akademien), founded in 1786 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.
Taormina (Sicilian: Taurmina; Latin: Tauromenium; Ταυρομένιον, Tauromenion) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina, on the east coast of the island of Sicily, Italy.
The Odeon Theater (Teatro Odeón in Spanish) was a theater in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The Birth of the Jongleur (Italian: La nascita del giullare) is a dramatic monologue by Dario Fo.
The Butterfly Mouse (La parpaja topola) is a dramatic monologue by Dario Fo.
The Devil with Boobs (Italian title: Il diavolo con le zinne) is a two-act play by Dario Fo, recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature.
The First Miracle of the Infant Jesus is a monologue by Dario Fo, recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Open Couple (Italian title: Coppia aperta, quasi spalancata) is a play by Dario Fo.
The Pope and the Witch (Italian title: Il Papa e la strega) is a satirical play by Dario Fo, first performed in 1989.
The Tale of a Tiger (Italian title: La storia della tigre) is a dramatic monologue by Dario Fo.
The Tumult of Bologna (Il tumulto di Bologna) is a historical fiction monologue by Italian writer Dario Fo.
The Union (L'Unione) was an heterogenous centre-left political and electoral alliance of political parties in Italy.
The Virtuous Burglar (Italian title: Non tutti i ladri vengono a nuocere) is a one-act play by Dario Fo.
A theatre director or stage director is an instructor in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a theatre production (a play, an opera, a musical, or a devised piece of work) by unifying various endeavours and aspects of production.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, in 1989.
Anthony Robert Kushner (born July 16, 1956) is an American playwright and screenwriter.
Trumpets and Raspberries (Italian title: Clacson, trombette e pernacchi) is a satirical play by Dario Fo, first performed in 1981.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
Ugo Poletti (19 April 1914 – 25 February 1997) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Vicar General of Rome from 1973 to 1991, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1973.
Umberto Eco (5 January 1932 – 19 February 2016) was an Italian novelist, literary critic, philosopher, semiotician, and university professor.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The University of Copenhagen (UCPH) (Københavns Universitet) is the oldest university and research institution in Denmark.
Veneto (or,; Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (Владимир Владимирович Маяковский; – 14 April 1930) was a Russian Soviet poet, playwright, artist, and actor.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
The Vrije Universiteit Brussel is a Dutch-speaking university located in Brussels, Belgium.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.