Aaron Koblin (born January 14, 1982) is an American digital media artist and entrepreneur best known for his innovative use of data visualization and his pioneering work in crowdsourcing, virtual reality, and interactive film.
Adrien Segal (born 1985 in California, USA) is an artist and data sculptor.
Alberto Cairo is the Knight Chair in Visual Journalism at the School of Communication of the University of Miami.
Alexander Nikolaevich Gorban (Александр Николаевич Горба́нь.) is a scientist of Soviet origin, working in the United Kingdom.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Analytics is the discovery, interpretation, and communication of meaningful patterns in data.
An article is a written work published in a print or electronic medium.
The balanced scorecard is a strategy performance management tool – a semi-standard structured report, that can be used by managers to keep track of the execution of activities by the staff within their control and to monitor the consequences arising from these actions.
Bang Wong is the creative director of the Broad Institute at MIT and Harvard University.
A bar graph shows comparisons among discrete categories.
Ben Shneiderman (born August 21, 1947) is an American computer scientist, a Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Computer Science, which is part of the University of Maryland College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the founding director (1983-2000) of the University of Maryland Human-Computer Interaction Lab.
Big data is data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software are inadequate to deal with them.
Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian.
In descriptive statistics, a box plot or boxplot is a method for graphically depicting groups of numerical data through their quartiles.
Branko Milanović (Бранко Милановић; born October 24, 1953) is a Serbian-American economist.
Business analysis is a research discipline of identifying business needs and determining solutions to business problems.
Business intelligence (BI) comprises the strategies and technologies used by enterprises for the data analysis of business information.
Capital One Financial Corporation is a bank holding company specializing in credit cards, auto loans, banking and savings products headquartered in McLean, Virginia.
A cartogram is a map in which some thematic mapping variable – such as travel time, population, or GNP – is substituted for land area or distance.
Causality (also referred to as causation, or cause and effect) is what connects one process (the cause) with another process or state (the effect), where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first.
Change management (sometimes abbreviated as CM) is a collective term for all approaches to prepare and support individuals, teams, and organizations in making organizational change.
Charles Joseph Minard (27 March 1781 – 24 October 1870) was a French civil engineer recognized for his significant contribution in the field of information graphics in civil engineering and statistics.
Chartjunk refers to all visual elements in charts and graphs that are not necessary to comprehend the information represented on the graph, or that distract the viewer from this information.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is a federal agency within the legislative branch of the United States government that provides budget and economic information to Congress.
Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables.
Data analysis is a process of inspecting, cleansing, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, informing conclusions, and supporting decision-making.
Data exploration is an approach similar to initial data analysis, whereby a data analyst uses visual exploration to understand what is in a dataset and the characteristics of the data, rather than through traditional data management systems, Overview of Data Exploration Techniques: Stratos Idreos, Olga Papaemmonouil, Surajit Chaudhuri.
Data journalism is a journalism specialty reflecting the increased role that numerical data is used in the production and distribution of information in the digital era.
Data profiling is the process of examining the data available from an existing information source (e.g. a database or a file) and collecting statistics or informative summaries about that data.
Data science is an interdisciplinary field that uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms and systems to extract knowledge and insights from data in various forms, both structured and unstructured, similar to data mining.
In computing, a data warehouse (DW or DWH), also known as an enterprise data warehouse (EDW), is a system used for reporting and data analysis, and is considered a core component of business intelligence.
Data-driven journalism, often shortened to "ddj", is a term in use since 2009, to describe a journalistic process based on analyzing and filtering large data sets for the purpose of creating or elevating a news story.
A descriptive statistic (in the count noun sense) is a summary statistic that quantitatively describes or summarizes features of a collection of information, while descriptive statistics in the mass noun sense is the process of using and analyzing those statistics.
Edward Rolf Tufte (born March 14, 1942) is an American statistician and professor emeritus of political science, statistics, and computer science at Yale University.
In statistics, exploratory data analysis (EDA) is an approach to analyzing data sets to summarize their main characteristics, often with visual methods.
Fernanda Bertini Viégas (born 1971) is a Brazilian scientist and designer, whose work focuses on the social, collaborative and artistic aspects of information visualization.
FiveThirtyEight, sometimes referred to as 538, is a website that focuses on opinion poll analysis, politics, economics, and sports blogging.
Florence Nightingale, (12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910) was an English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing.
The French invasion of Russia, known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 (Отечественная война 1812 года Otechestvennaya Voyna 1812 Goda) and in France as the Russian Campaign (Campagne de Russie), began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army.
A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule, named after their inventor, Henry Gantt (1861–1919), who designed such a chart around the years 1910–1915.
A general assembly is a meeting of all the members of an organisation or shareholders of a company.
George William Furnas (born 1954) is an American academic, Professor and Associate Dean for Academic Strategy at the School of Information of the University of Michigan, known for his work on semantic analysis and on human-system communication.
Giorgia Lupi is an Italian information designer and co-founder of data-driven research and design firm Accurat.
Gordon L. Kindlmann is an American computer scientist who works on information visualization and image analysis.
Graphic design is the process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography and illustration.
Grounded theory (GT) is a systematic methodology in the social sciences involving the construction of theory through methodic gathering and analysis of data.
Hadley Wickham is a statistician from New Zealand who is currently Chief Scientist at RStudio and an adjunct Professor of statistics at the University of Auckland, Stanford University, and Rice University.
Hans Rosling (27 July 1948 – 7 February 2017) was a Swedish physician, academic, statistician, and public speaker.
Hanspeter Pfister is a Swiss computer scientist and the An Wang Professor of Computer Science at Harvard University.
A heat map (or heatmap) is a graphical representation of data where the individual values contained in a matrix are represented as colors.
A histogram is an accurate representation of the distribution of numerical data.
Human–computer interaction (HCI) researches the design and use of computer technology, focused on the interfaces between people (users) and computers.
Industrial and organizational psychology (I/O psychology), which is also known as occupational psychology, organizational psychology, and work and organizational psychology, is an applied discipline within psychology.
Infographics (a clipped compound of "information" and "graphics") are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present information quickly and clearly.
Information architecture (IA) is the structural design of shared information environments; the art and science of organizing and labelling websites, intranets, online communities and software to support usability and findability; and an emerging community of practice focused on bringing principles of design and architecture to the digital landscape.
Information design is the practice of presenting information in a way that fosters efficient and effective understanding of it.
Information Discovery is a term used in the legal and corporate industry which refers to the steps involved in distilling a corporation’s data corpus down to the most pertinent evidence pertaining to a court-related matter or compliance directive.
Information visualization or information visualisation is the study of (interactive) visual representations of abstract data to reinforce human cognition.
Interaction design, often abbreviated as IxD, is "the practice of designing interactive digital products, environments, systems, and services." Beyond the digital aspect, interaction design is also useful when creating physical (non-digital) products, exploring how a user might interact with it.
An interaction technique, user interface technique or input technique is a combination of hardware and software elements that provides a way for computer users to accomplish a single task.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect and exchange data, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced human exertions.
Jacques Bertin (27 July 1918 – 3 May 2010) was a French cartographer and theorist, known from his book Semiologie Graphique (Semiology of Graphics), published in 1967.
Jeffrey Michael Heer (born) is an American computer scientist best known for his work on information visualization and interactive data analysis.
John Snow (15 March 1813 – 16 June 1858) was an English physician and a leader in the adoption of anesthesia and medical hygiene.
John Wilder Tukey (June 16, 1915 – July 26, 2000) was an American mathematician best known for development of the FFT algorithm and box plot.
Lascaux (Grotte de Lascaux, "Lascaux Cave") is the setting of a complex of caves near the village of Montignac, in the department of Dordogne in southwestern France.
Leland Wilkinson (born 1945) is a statistician and computer scientist at H2O.ai, the makers of H2O (software), and Adjunct Professor of Computer Science at University of Illinois at Chicago.
A line chart or line graph is a type of chart which displays information as a series of data points called 'markers' connected by straight line segments.
Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.
Manuel Lima FRSA (born May 3, 1978) is a Portuguese-born designer, author, lecturer, and researcher.
Stick charts were made and used by the Marshallese to navigate the Pacific Ocean by canoe off the coast of the Marshall Islands.
Martin M. Wattenberg (born 1970) is an American scientist and artist known for his work with data visualization.
Max Roser is an economist and media critic.
Michael Louis Friendly (born 1945) is an American psychologist, Professor of Psychology at York University in Ontario, Canada, and director of its Statistical Consulting Service, especially known for his contributions to graphical methods for categorical and multivariate data, and on the history of data and information visualisation.
Michael "Mike" Bostock is an American computer scientist and data-visualisation specialist.
A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information.
Minitab is a statistics package developed at the Pennsylvania State University by researchers Barbara F. Ryan, Thomas A. Ryan, Jr., and Brian L. Joiner in 1972.
Miriah Meyer is an American computer scientist and USTAR professor at the University of Utah.
In statistics, a misleading graph, also known as a distorted graph, is a graph that misrepresents data, constituting a misuse of statistics and with the result that an incorrect conclusion may be derived from it.
Mona Chalabi (born 11 February 1987) is a British data journalist, known for her publications with FiveThirtyEight and The Guardian.
Moritz Stefaner is a German data visualisation specialist.
Mycenae (Greek: Μυκῆναι Mykēnai or Μυκήνη Mykēnē) is an archaeological site near Mykines in Argolis, north-eastern Peloponnese, Greece.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
News is information about current events.
Ola Rosling is a Swedish statistician known for his work for Gapminder on changing global quality of life.
Otto Neurath (December 10, 1882 – December 22, 1945) was an Austrian philosopher, philosopher of science, sociologist, and political economist.
Our World In Data (OWID) is an online publication that presents empirical research and data that show how living conditions around the world are changing.
A pie chart (or a circle chart) is a circular statistical graphic which is divided into slices to illustrate numerical proportion.
Pierre de Fermat (Between 31 October and 6 December 1607 – 12 January 1665) was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France, and a mathematician who is given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus, including his technique of adequality.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
A plot is a graphical technique for representing a data set, usually as a graph showing the relationship between two or more variables.
Pre-attentive processing is the subconscious accumulation of information from the environment.
A project network is a graph (weighted directed graph) depicting the sequence in which a project's terminal elements are to be completed by showing terminal elements and their dependencies.
Project planning is part of project management, which relates to the use of schedules such as Gantt charts to plan and subsequently report progress within the project environment.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
Quipu (also spelled khipu) or talking knots, were recording devices fashioned from strings historically used by a number of cultures, particularly in the region of Andean South America.
R is a programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and graphics that is supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.
A resource is a source or supply from which a benefit is produced.
SAS (previously "Statistical Analysis System") is a software suite developed by SAS Institute for advanced analytics, multivariate analyses, business intelligence, data management, and predictive analytics.
A scatter plot (also called a scatterplot, scatter graph, scatter chart, scattergram, or scatter diagram) is a type of plot or mathematical diagram using Cartesian coordinates to display values for typically two variables for a set of data.
Scientific visualization (also spelled scientific visualisation) is an interdisciplinary branch of science.
SOFA Statistics is an open-source statistical package.
Software visualization or software visualisation refers to the visualization of information of and related to software systems—either the architecture of its source code or metrics of their runtime behavior- and their development process by means of static, interactive or animated 2-D or 3-D visual representations of their structure, execution, behavior, and evolution.
Spatialization (or spatialisation) is the spatial forms that social activities and material things, phenomena or processes take on in geography, sociology, urban planning and cultural studies.
Statistical graphics, also known as graphical techniques, are graphics in the field of statistics used to visualize quantitative data.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
Stewart Liff (born October 20, 1951) is an American author and management consultant known for his work in Human Resources Management, Performance Management, Visual Management and team development.
A streamgraph, or stream graph, is a type of stacked area graph which is displaced around a central axis, resulting in a flowing, organic shape.
Tamara Macushla Munzner (born 1969) is an expert in information visualization who works as a professor of computer science at the University of British Columbia (UBC).
The Data Incubator is an 8-week educational fellowship preparing students with Master's degrees and PhDs for careers in big data and data science.
A thematic map is a type of map specifically designed to show a particular theme connected with a specific geographic area.
In information visualization and computing, treemapping is a method for displaying hierarchical data using nested figures, usually rectangles.
The Turin Papyrus Map is an ancient Egyptian map, generally considered the oldest surviving map of topographical interest from the ancient world.
Tycho Brahe (born Tyge Ottesen Brahe;. He adopted the Latinized form "Tycho Brahe" (sometimes written Tÿcho) at around age fifteen. The name Tycho comes from Tyche (Τύχη, meaning "luck" in Greek, Roman equivalent: Fortuna), a tutelary deity of fortune and prosperity of ancient Greek city cults. He is now generally referred to as "Tycho," as was common in Scandinavia in his time, rather than by his surname "Brahe" (a spurious appellative form of his name, Tycho de Brahe, only appears much later). 14 December 154624 October 1601) was a Danish nobleman, astronomer, and writer known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
Visual analytics is an outgrowth of the fields of information visualization and scientific visualization that focuses on analytical reasoning facilitated by interactive visual interfaces.
Visual communication is the conveyance of ideas and information in forms that can be seen.
Visual journalism is the practice of strategically combining words and images to convey information.
The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions.
William Edward Burghardt "W.
A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
William Playfair (22 September 1759 – 11 February 1823), commonly known as a Scottish engineer and political economist, served as a secret agent on behalf of Great Britain during its war with France.
William Swain Cleveland II (born 1943) is an American computer scientist and Professor of Statistics and Professor of Computer Science at Purdue University, known for his work on data visualization, particularly on nonparametric regression and local regression.
York University (Université York) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.