142 relations: Accretion (astrophysics), Achondrite, Ahuna Mons, Altimeter, Asteroid, Asteroid belt, Astronomical unit, Astrotech Corporation, Attitude control, Bright spots on Ceres, Calcium–aluminium-rich inclusion, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17, Carbonaceous chondrite, Cassini–Huygens, Ceres (dwarf planet), Chang'e 2, Charge-coupled device, Christopher T. Russell, Clearing the neighbourhood, Deep Impact (spacecraft), Deep Space 1, Delta II, Delta-v, Directional antenna, Discovery Program, Dwarf planet, Gallium arsenide, Gamma ray, German Aerospace Center, Gibibyte, Glenn Research Center, Gravity assist, Greenwich Mean Time, Gridded ion thruster, Harold R. Kaufman, Hayabusa, Hayabusa2, HED meteorite, Hubble Space Telescope, Hydrazine, Hydrostatic equilibrium, IAU definition of planet, Icarus (journal), Igneous differentiation, INAF, Infrared, Integrated circuit, International Astronomical Union, International Space Station, ..., Ion thruster, Italian Space Agency, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Journal of Geophysical Research, Jupiter, Kepler (spacecraft), LEON, List of geological features on Ceres, List of minor planets and comets visited by spacecraft, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Lunar Prospector, Magnetometer, Mars, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Mercury (element), Milliradian, Mission patch, Multi-junction solar cell, NASA, NASA Solar Technology Application Readiness, National Space Science Data Center, Nature (journal), NEAR Shoemaker, Near-Earth object, Neutron, New Horizons, Ohio, Olivine, Orbital Sciences Corporation, Orbiter, OSIRIS-REx, Panchromatic film, Particle physics, Pasadena, California, Perihelion and aphelion, Phoenix (spacecraft), Photovoltaic system, Planetary flyby, Pluto, Polar orbit, Propellant, Protoplanet, Radiation hardening, Radionuclide, Reaction wheel, Rheasilvia, Root cause, Rosetta (spacecraft), Safe mode (spacecraft), Saturn, Science (journal), SERT-1, Small Deep Space Transponder, Snowman, Solar panel, Solar System, Solid rocket booster, Space probe, Space Science Reviews, Space.com, Specific impulse, Spectrometer, Spectrum, Stereoscopy, Terrestrial planet, The Planetary Society, Thrust, Titusville, Florida, Trajectory, United Launch Alliance, University of California, Los Angeles, V-type asteroid, Vatican Observatory, Veneneia, Venus Express, Voyager program, Xenon, Xilinx, 101955 Bennu, 145 Adeona, 162173 Ryugu, 2 Pallas, 2001 Mars Odyssey, 21 Lutetia, 243 Ida, 25143 Itokawa, 253 Mathilde, 2867 Šteins, 4 Vesta, 4179 Toutatis, 433 Eros, 951 Gaspra. Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
In astrophysics, accretion is the accumulation of particles into a massive object by gravitationally attracting more matter, typically gaseous matter, in an accretion disk.
An achondrite is a stony meteorite that does not contain chondrules.
Ahuna Mons is the largest mountain on the dwarf planet and asteroid Ceres.
An altimeter or an altitude meter is an instrument used to measure the altitude of an object above a fixed level.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
The asteroid belt is the circumstellar disc in the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter.
The astronomical unit (symbol: au, ua, or AU) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from Earth to the Sun.
Astrotech Corporation, formerly Spacehab Inc., is a technology incubator headquartered in Austin, Texas.
Attitude control is controlling the orientation of an object with respect to an inertial frame of reference or another entity like the celestial sphere, certain fields, and nearby objects, etc.
Several bright surface features (also known as faculae) were discovered on the dwarf planet Ceres by the ''Dawn'' spacecraft in 2015.
A calcium–aluminium-rich inclusion or Ca–Al-rich inclusion (CAI) is a submillimeter- to centimeter-sized light-colored calcium- and aluminium-rich inclusion found in carbonaceous chondrite meteorites.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) (known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973) is an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command's 45th Space Wing.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17 (SLC-17), previously designated Launch Complex 17 (LC-17), was a launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida used for Thor and Delta rocket launches between 1958 and 2011.
Carbonaceous chondrites or C chondrites are a class of chondritic meteorites comprising at least 8 known groups and many ungrouped meteorites.
The Cassini–Huygens mission, commonly called Cassini, was a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to send a probe to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its rings and natural satellites.
Ceres (minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the largest object in the asteroid belt that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, slightly closer to Mars' orbit.
Chang'e 2 is a Chinese unmanned lunar probe that was launched on 1 October 2010.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Christopher Thomas Russell (born 1943, St. Albans, England) is head of the Space Physics Center at the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP) at UCLA, professor in UCLA's Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences, and Director of the UCLA Branch of the California Space Grant Consortium.
"Clearing the neighbourhood around its orbit" is a criterion for a celestial body to be considered a planet in the Solar System.
Deep Impact was a NASA space probe launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 18:47 UTC on January 12, 2005.
Deep Space 1 (DS1) was a NASA technology demonstration spacecraft which flew by an asteroid and a comet.
Delta II is an expendable launch system, originally designed and built by McDonnell Douglas.
Delta-v (literally "change in velocity"), symbolised as ∆v and pronounced delta-vee, as used in spacecraft flight dynamics, is a measure of the impulse that is needed to perform a maneuver such as launch from, or landing on a planet or moon, or in-space orbital maneuver.
A directional antenna or beam antenna is an antenna which radiates or receives greater power in specific directions allowing increased performance and reduced interference from unwanted sources.
NASA's Discovery Program is a series of lower-cost (as compared to New Frontiers or Flagship Programs), highly focused American scientific space missions that are exploring the Solar System.
A dwarf planet is a planetary-mass object that is neither a planet nor a natural satellite.
Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound of the elements gallium and arsenic.
A gamma ray or gamma radiation (symbol γ or \gamma), is penetrating electromagnetic radiation arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.), abbreviated DLR, is the national center for aerospace, energy and transportation research of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The gibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field is a NASA center, located within the cities of Brook Park and Cleveland between Cleveland Hopkins International Airport and the Rocky River Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks, with a subsidiary facility in Sandusky, Ohio.
In orbital mechanics and aerospace engineering, a gravitational slingshot, gravity assist maneuver, or swing-by is the use of the relative movement (e.g. orbit around the Sun) and gravity of a planet or other astronomical object to alter the path and speed of a spacecraft, typically to save propellant and reduce expense.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.
The gridded ion thruster is a common design for ion thrusters, a highly efficient low-thrust spacecraft propulsion running on electrical power.
Harold R. Kaufman (born 1926) is an American physicist, noted for his development of electrostatic ion thrusters for NASA during the 1950s and 1960s.
Hayabusa2 is an asteroid sample-return mission operated by the Japanese space agency, JAXA.
HED meteorites are a clan (subgroup) of achondrite meteorites.
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
In fluid mechanics, a fluid is said to be in hydrostatic equilibrium or hydrostatic balance when it is at rest, or when the flow velocity at each point is constant over time.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) defined in August 2006 that, in the Solar System, a planet is a celestial body which.
Icarus is a scientific journal dedicated to the field of planetary science.
In geology, igneous differentiation, or magmatic differentiation, is an umbrella term for the various processes by which magmas undergo bulk chemical change during the partial melting process, cooling, emplacement, or eruption.
The National Institute for Astrophysics (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, or INAF) is the most important Italian institution conducting scientific research in astronomy and astrophysics.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU; Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is an international association of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
An ion thruster or ion drive is a form of electric propulsion used for spacecraft propulsion.
The Italian Space Agency (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana; ASI) is a government agency established in 1988 to fund, regulate and coordinate space exploration activities in Italy.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
The Journal of Geophysical Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.
Kepler is a space observatory launched by NASA to discover Earth-size planets orbiting other stars.
LEON (from león, meaning lion) is a 32-bit CPU microprocessor core, based on the SuperSPARC SPARC-V8 RISC architecture and instruction set designed by Sun Microsystems.
Official Nomenclature of Ceres(August 2015)---> Ceres is a dwarf planet in the asteroid belt that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
The following tables list all minor planets and comets that have been visited by spacecraft.
Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos or LANL for short) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory initially organized during World War II for the design of nuclear weapons as part of the Manhattan Project.
Lunar Prospector was the third mission selected by NASA for full development and construction as part of the Discovery Program.
A magnetometer is an instrument that measures magnetism—either the magnetization of a magnetic material like a ferromagnet, or the direction, strength, or relative change of a magnetic field at a particular location.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
The Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (abbreviation: MPS; Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung) is a research institute in astronomy and astrophysics located in Göttingen, Germany, where it relocated in February 2014 from the nearby village of Lindau.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
A milliradian, often called a mil or mrad, is an SI derived unit for angular measurement which is defined as a thousandth of a radian (0.001 radian).
A mission patch is a cloth reproduction of a spaceflight mission emblem worn by astronauts and other personnel affiliated with that mission.
Multi-junction (MJ) solar cells are solar cells with multiple p–n junctions made of different semiconductor materials.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The NASA Solar Technology Application Readiness (NSTAR) is a type of spacecraft ion thruster called electrostatic ion thruster.
The National Space Science Data Center serves as the permanent archive for NASA space science mission data.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous – Shoemaker (NEAR Shoemaker), renamed after its 1996 launch in honor of planetary scientist Eugene Shoemaker, was a robotic space probe designed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory for NASA to study the near-Earth asteroid Eros from close orbit over a period of a year.
A near-Earth object (NEO) is any small Solar System body whose orbit can bring it into proximity with Earth.
New Horizons is an interplanetary space probe that was launched as a part of NASA's New Frontiers program.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
The mineral olivine is a magnesium iron silicate with the formula (Mg2+, Fe2+)2SiO4.
Orbital Sciences Corporation (commonly referred to as Orbital) was an American company specializing in the design, manufacture and launch of small- and medium- class space and rocket systems for commercial, military and other government customers.
An orbiter is a space probe that orbits a planet or other astronomical object.
The OSIRIS-REx (Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer) is a NASA asteroid study and sample-return mission.
Panchromatic emulsion is a type of black-and-white photographic emulsion that is sensitive to all wavelengths of visible light.
Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.
Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.
The perihelion of any orbit of a celestial body about the Sun is the point where the body comes nearest to the Sun.
Phoenix was a robotic spacecraft on a space exploration mission on Mars under the Mars Scout Program.
A photovoltaic system, also PV system or solar power system, is a power system designed to supply usable solar power by means of photovoltaics.
A planetary flyby is the act of sending a space probe past a planet or a dwarf planet close enough to record scientific data.
Pluto (minor planet designation: 134340 Pluto) is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond Neptune.
A polar orbit is one in which a satellite passes above or nearly above both poles of the body being orbited (usually a planet such as the Earth, but possibly another body such as the Moon or Sun) on each revolution.
A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.
A protoplanet is a large planetary embryo that originated within a protoplanetary disc and has undergone internal melting to produce a differentiated interior.
Radiation hardening is the act of making electronic components and systems resistant to damage or malfunctions caused by ionizing radiation (particle radiation and high-energy electromagnetic radiation), such as those encountered in outer space and high-altitude flight, around nuclear reactors and particle accelerators, or during nuclear accidents or nuclear warfare.
A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.
A reaction wheel (RW) is a type of flywheel used primarily by spacecraft for three axis attitude control, which doesn't require rockets or external applicators of torque.
Rheasilvia is the most prominent surface feature on the asteroid Vesta and is thought to be an impact crater.
A root cause is an initiating cause of either a condition or a causal chain that leads to an outcome or effect of interest.
Rosetta was a space probe built by the European Space Agency launched on 2 March 2004.
Safe mode is an operating mode of a modern spacecraft during which all non-essential systems are shut down and only essential functions such as thermal management, radio reception and attitude control are active.
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
SERT-1 (Space Electric Rocket Test) was a NASA probe used to test electrostatic ion thruster design and was built by NASA's Lewis Research Center (now NASA Glenn).
The Small Deep Space Transponder is a transponder designed by JPL specifically for deep space probes.
A snowman is an anthropomorphic snow sculpture often built by children in regions with sufficient snowfall.
Photovoltaic solar panels absorb sunlight as a source of energy to generate electricity.
The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.
Solid-fuel rocket boosters (SRBs) are large solid propellant motors used to provide thrust in spacecraft launches from initial launch through the first ascent stage.
A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.
Space Science Reviews is a peer reviewed, scientific journal of space science.
Space.com is a space and astronomy news website.
Specific impulse (usually abbreviated Isp) is a measure of how effectively a rocket uses propellant or jet engine uses fuel.
A spectrometer is a scientific instrument used to separate and measure spectral components of a physical phenomenon.
A spectrum (plural spectra or spectrums) is a condition that is not limited to a specific set of values but can vary, without steps, across a continuum.
Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.
A terrestrial planet, telluric planet, or rocky planet is a planet that is composed primarily of silicate rocks or metals.
The Planetary Society is an American internationally active, non-governmental, nonprofit foundation.
Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.
Titusville is a city in and the county seat of Brevard County, Florida, United States.
A trajectory or flight path is the path that a massive object in motion follows through space as a function of time.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) is a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing Defense, Space & Security.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.
A V-type asteroid or Vestoid is an asteroid whose spectral type is that of 4 Vesta.
The Vatican Observatory (Specola Vaticana) is an astronomical research and educational institution supported by the Holy See.
Veneneia is the second-largest crater on asteroid 4 Vesta, at 52°S latitude.
Venus Express (VEX) was the first Venus exploration mission of the European Space Agency (ESA).
The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System.
Xenon is a chemical element with symbol Xe and atomic number 54.
101955 Bennu (provisional designation) is a carbonaceous asteroid in the Apollo group discovered by the LINEAR Project on September 11, 1999.
145 Adeona is a rather large main-belt asteroid.
162173 Ryugu, provisional designation, is a near-Earth object and a potentially hazardous asteroid of the Apollo group.
Pallas, minor-planet designation 2 Pallas, is the second asteroid to have been discovered (after Ceres), and is one of the largest asteroids in the Solar System.
2001 Mars Odyssey is a robotic spacecraft orbiting the planet Mars.
Lutetia is a large asteroid in the asteroid belt of an unusual spectral type.
243 Ida is an asteroid in the Koronis family of the asteroid belt.
25143 Itokawa (イトカワ,いとかわ,糸川) is a stony sub-kilometer asteroid, classified as near-Earth object of the Apollo group and potentially hazardous asteroid, that measures approximately 350 meters in diameter.
253 Mathilde is an asteroid in the intermediate asteroid belt, approximately 50 kilometers in diameter, that was discovered by Austrian astronomer Johann Palisa at Vienna Observatory on 12 November 1885.
2867 Šteins is a small main-belt asteroid that was discovered in 1969 by Nikolai Chernykh.
Vesta, minor-planet designation 4 Vesta, is one of the largest objects in the asteroid belt, with a mean diameter of.
4179 Toutatis, provisional designation, is an elongated, stony asteroid and slow rotator, classified as near-Earth object and potentially hazardous asteroid of the Apollo and Alinda group, approximately 2.5 kilometers in diameter.
433 Eros, provisional designation, is a stony and elongated asteroid of the Amor group and the first discovered and second-largest near-Earth object with a mean-diameter of approximately 16.8 kilometers.
951 Gaspra is an S-type asteroid that orbits very close to the inner edge of the asteroid belt.