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The Decapoda or decapods (literally "ten-footed") are an order of crustaceans within the class Malacostraca, including many familiar groups, such as crayfish, crabs, lobsters, prawns, and shrimp. [1]

110 relations: Achelata, Aeglidae, Aethridae, Alpheoidea, Anomura, Appendage, Arthropod mouthparts, Astacidea, Atyidae, Axiidea, Belliidae, Bresilioidea, Bythograeidae, Calappoidea, Campylonotoidea, Cancroidea, Caridea, Carpilioidea, Cheiragonidae, Chela (organ), Chirostyloidea, Corystidae, Crab, Crangonoidea, Crayfish, Crustacean, Cryptochiridae, Cyclodorippoida, Dairoidea, Decapod anatomy, Dendrobranchiata, Devonian, Dorippoidea, Dromiacea, Dromioidea, Eriphioidea, Ernst Haeckel, Eubrachyura, Fossil, Galatheacaris, Galatheoidea, Gebiidea, Gecarcinucoidea, Gill, Glypheidea, Glypheoidea, Goneplacoidea, Grapsoidea, Greek language, Hairy stone crab, ..., Hermit crab, Heterotremata, Hexapodidae, Hippoidea, Homolodromiidae, Homoloidea, King crab, Kunstformen der Natur, Larva, Leucosioidea, List of Atlantic decapod species, Litopenaeus setiferus, Lobster, Majoidea, Malacostraca, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Nematocarcinoidea, Nephropoidea, Ocypodoidea, Oplophoridae, Orithyia sinica, Palaemonoidea, Palicoidea, Pandaloidea, Parastacidae, Parthenopidae, Pasiphaeidae, Penaeoidea, Phylogeny of Malacostraca, Physetocaris, Pierre André Latreille, Pilumnoidea, Pinnotheridae, Pleocyemata, Polychelida, Porcelain crab, Portunoidea, Potamoidea, Procarididea, Processidae, Psalidopus, Pseudothelphusidae, Pseudozioidea, Raninoida, Reef lobster, Retroplumidae, Scavenger, Sergestoidea, Squat lobster, Stenopodidea, Stylodactylidae, Telson, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Thoracotremata, Trapezioidea, Trichodactylidae, University of Bristol, Uropod, Xanthoidea, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Expand index (60 more) »


The Achelata is an infra-order of the decapod crustaceans, holding the spiny lobsters, slipper lobsters and their fossil relatives.

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The Aeglidae are a family of freshwater crustaceans currently restricted to South America.

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Aethridae is a family of crabs in its own superfamily, Aethroidea.

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Alpheoidea is a superfamily of shrimp containing the families Alpheidae, Barbouriidae, Hippolytidae and Ogyrididae.

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Anomura (sometimes Anomala) is a group of decapod crustaceans, including hermit crabs and others.

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In invertebrate biology, an appendage (or outgrowth) is an external body part, or natural prolongation, that protrudes from an organism's body (in vertebrate biology, an example would be a vertebrate's limbs).

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Arthropod mouthparts

The mouthparts of arthropods have evolved into a number of forms, each adapted to a different style or mode of feeding.

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Astacidea is a group of decapod crustaceans including lobsters, crayfish and their close relatives.

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Atyidae is a family of shrimp, present in all tropical and most temperate waters of the world.

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Axiidea is an infraorder of decapod crustaceans.

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Belliidae is a family of crabs of the order Decapoda.

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Bresilioidea is a superfamily of shrimp.

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The Bythograeidae are a small family of crabs which live around hydrothermal vents.

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Calappoidea is a superfamily of crabs comprising the two families Calappidae and Matutidae.

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Campylonotoidea is a superfamily of shrimp, containing the two families Campylonotidae and Bathypalaemonellidae.

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Cancroidea is a superfamily of crabs, comprising the families Atelecyclidae and Cancridae, and tentatively †Montezumellidae.

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The Caridea, commonly known as caridean shrimp, are an infraorder of shrimp within the order Decapoda.

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Carpilioidea is a superfamily of crabs containing a single extant family, Carpiliidae and three extinct families.

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Cheiragonidae is a small family of crabs, sometimes called helmet crabs, placed in its own superfamily, Cheriagonoidea.

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Chela (organ)

A chela, also named claw, nipper, or pincer, is a pincer-like organ terminating certain limbs of some arthropods.

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Chirostyloidea is an anomuran taxon with squat lobster-like representatives.

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Corystidae is a family of crabs, in its own superfamily, Corystoidea.

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Crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting "tail" (abdomen) (translit.

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Crangonoidea is a superfamily of shrimp containing the two families Crangonidae and Glyphocrangonidae.

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Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.

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Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.

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Cryptochiridae is a family of crabs known commonly as gall crabs or coral gall crabs.

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Cyclodorippoida is a group of crabs, ranked as a section.

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Dairoidea is a superfamily of crabs, comprising two families which each contain a single genus: Dairidae (the living fossil Daira) and Dacryopilumnidae (Dacryopilumnus).

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Decapod anatomy

The decapod crustacean, such as a crab, lobster, shrimp or prawn, is made up of 20 body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax and the pleon (abdomen).

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Dendrobranchiata is a suborder of decapod shrimps, commonly known as prawns.

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The Devonian is a geologic period and system of the Paleozoic, spanning 60 million years from the end of the Silurian, million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Carboniferous, Mya.

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Dorippoidea is a superfamily of crabs.

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Dromiacea is a group of crabs, ranked as a section.

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Dromioidea is a superfamily of crabs mostly found in Madagascar.

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Eriphioidea is a superfamily of crabs, containing the six families Dairoididae, Eriphiidae, Hypothalassiidae, Menippidae, Oziidae and Platyxanthidae.

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Ernst Haeckel

Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, marine biologist, and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology, including anthropogeny, ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and Protista. Haeckel promoted and popularised Charles Darwin's work in Germany and developed the influential but no longer widely held recapitulation theory ("ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny") claiming that an individual organism's biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarises its species' evolutionary development, or phylogeny.

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Eubrachyura is a group of crustaceans (ranked as a "section") comprising the more advanced crabs.

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A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.

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Galatheacaris abyssalis is a rare species of shrimp, now thought to be a larval stage of another genus, Eugonatonotus.

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The Galatheoidea are a superfamily of decapod crustaceans comprising the porcelain crabs and some squat lobsters.

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Gebiidea is an infraorder of decapod crustaceans, formerly classified in the Thalassinidea.

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Gecarcinucoidea is a superfamily of freshwater crabs.

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A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.

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Glypheidea is an infra-order of decapod crustaceans, comprising a number of fossil forms and the two extant genera Neoglyphea and Laurentaeglyphea:;Glypheoidea Winckler, 1882.

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The Glypheoidea (containing the glypheoid lobsters), is a group of lobster-like decapod crustaceans which forms an important part of fossil faunas, such as the Solnhofen limestone.

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Goneplacoidea is a superfamily of crabs containing 11 extant families, and two families known only from fossils (marked "†").

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The Grapsoidea are a superfamily of crabs; they are well known and contain many taxa which are terrestrial (land-living), semiterrestrial (taking to the sea only for reproduction), or limnic (living in fresh water).

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Hairy stone crab

The hairy stone crab (Lomis hirta) is a crab-like crustacean that lives in the littoral zone of southern Australia from Bunbury, Western Australia, to the Bass Strait.

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Hermit crab

Hermit crabs are decapod crustaceans of the superfamily Paguroidea.

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Heterotremata is a clade of crabs, comprising those crabs in which the genital openings are on the sternum in females, but on the legs in males.

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Hexapodidae is a family of crabs, the only family in the superfamily Hexapodoidea.

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Hippoidea is a superfamily of decapod crustaceans known as sand crabs, mole crabs, or sand fleas.

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Homolodromiidae is a family of crabs, the only family in the superfamily Homolodromioidea.

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Homoloidea is a superfamily of dromiacean crabs.

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King crab

King crabs are a taxon of crab-like decapod crustaceans chiefly found in cold seas.

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Kunstformen der Natur

Kunstformen der Natur (known in English as Art Forms in Nature) is a book of lithographic and halftone prints by German biologist Ernst Haeckel.

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A larva (plural: larvae) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults.

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Leucosioidea is a superfamily of crabs containing the two families Leucosiidae and Iphiculidae.

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List of Atlantic decapod species

This is a list of decapod crustaceans found in the North and South Atlantic Oceans.

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Litopenaeus setiferus

Litopenaeus setiferus (formerly Penaeus setiferus, and known by various common names including white shrimp, gray shrimp, lake shrimp, green shrimp, green-tailed shrimp, blue-tailed shrimp, rainbow shrimp, Daytona shrimp, common shrimp, southern shrimp, and, in Mexico, camaron blanco) is a species of prawn found along the Atlantic coast of North America and in the Gulf of Mexico.

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Lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans.

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The Majoidea are a superfamily of crabs which includes the various spider crabs.

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Malacostraca is the largest of the six classes of crustaceans, containing about 40,000 living species, divided among 16 orders.

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Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County is the largest natural and historical museum in the western United States.

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Nematocarcinoidea is a superfamily of shrimp, comprising four families – Eugonatonotidae, Nematocarcinidae, Rhynchocinetidae and Xiphocarididae.

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Nephropoidea is a superfamily of decapod crustaceans.

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The Ocypodoidea, or ocypoid crabs, are a superfamily of crabs, named after the genus Ocypode.

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The family Oplophoridae is a taxon of pelagic shrimp and the only subtaxon of the superfamily Oplophoroidea.

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Orithyia sinica

Orithyia sinica, sometimes called the tiger crab or tiger face crab, is a "singularly unusual" species of crab, whose characteristics warrant its separation into a separate genus, family and even superfamily, having previously been included in the Dorippoidea or Leucosioidea.

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Palaemonoidea is a large superfamily of shrimp, containing nearly 1,000 species.

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Palicoidea is a superfamily of crabs, comprising the two families Crossotonotidae and Palicidae.

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The Pandaloidea are a superfamily of shrimp, comprising the large family Pandalidae (about 200 species) and the much smaller Thalassocarididae (four species).

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Parastacidae is the family of freshwater crayfish found in the southern hemisphere.

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Parthenopidae is a family of crabs, placed in its own superfamily, Parthenopoidea.

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Pasiphaeidae is a family of shrimp.

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Penaeoidea is the larger of the two superfamilies of prawns.

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Phylogeny of Malacostraca

Although the class Malacostraca is united by a number of well-defined and documented features, which were recognised a century ago by William Thomas Calman in 1904, the phylogenetic relationship (the evolutionary tree) of the orders which compose this class is unclear due to the vast diversity present in their morphology.

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Physetocaris is a monotypic genus of caridean shrimp, containing a single species, Physetocaris microphthalma.

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Pierre André Latreille

Pierre André Latreille (29 November 1762 – 6 February 1833) was a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods.

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Pilumnoidea is a superfamily of crabs, whose members were previously included in the Xanthoidea.

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The Pinnotheridae are a family of tiny soft-bodied crabs that live commensally in the mantles of certain bivalve molluscs (and the occasional large gastropod mollusc species in genera such as Strombus and Haliotis).

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Pleocyemata is a suborder of decapod crustaceans, erected by Martin Burkenroad in 1963.

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Polychelida is a group of decapod crustaceans.

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Porcelain crab

Porcelain crabs are decapod crustaceans in the widespread family Porcellanidae, which superficially resemble true crabs.

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Portunoidea is a superfamily of crabs that includes the family Portunidae, the swimming crabs.

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Potamoidea is a superfamily of freshwater crabs, comprising the two families Potamidae and Potamonautidae.

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Procarididea is an infraorder of decapods, comprising only eleven species.

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The Processidae are a family of shrimp, comprising 65 species in five genera, and the only family in the superfamily Processoidea.

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Psalidopus is a genus of shrimp placed in its own family, Psalidopodidae, and superfamily, Psalidopodoidea.

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Pseudothelphusidae is a family of freshwater crabs found chiefly in mountain streams in the Neotropics.

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Pseudozioidea is a superfamily of crabs, formerly treated in the Eriphioidea, Carpilioidea, Xanthoidea, Pilumnoidea and Goneplacoidea.

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Raninoida is a taxonomic section of the crabs, containing a single superfamily, Raninoidea.

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Reef lobster

Reef lobsters, Enoplometopus, are a genus of small lobsters that live on reefs in the Indo-Pacific, Caribbean and warmer parts of the Atlantic Ocean.

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Retroplumidae is a family of heterotrematan crabs, placed in their own (monotypic) superfamily, Retroplumoidea.

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Scavenging is both a carnivorous and a herbivorous feeding behavior in which the scavenger feeds on dead animal and plant material present in its habitat.

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Sergestoidea is a superfamily of prawns, divided into two families – the Luciferidae and the Sergestidae.

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Squat lobster

Squat lobsters are dorsoventrally flattened crustaceans with long tails held curled beneath the cephalothorax.

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The Stenopodidea is a small group of decapod crustaceans.

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The family Stylodactylidae is a group of shrimp and the only representative of its superfamily (Stylodactyloidea).

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The telson is the posterior-most division of the body of an arthropod.

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The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology

The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology is a scientific journal published by the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum in Singapore.

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Thoracotremata is a clade of crabs, comprising those crabs in which the genital openings in both sexes are on the sternum, rather than on the legs.

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Trapezioidea is a superfamily of crabs.

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Trichodactylidae is a family of crabs, in its own superfamily, Trichodactyloidea.

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University of Bristol

The University of Bristol (simply referred to as Bristol University and abbreviated as Bris. in post-nominal letters, or UoB) is a red brick research university located in Bristol, United Kingdom.

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Uropods are posterior appendages found on a wide variety of crustaceans.

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Xanthoidea is a superfamily of crabs, comprising the three families Xanthidae, Panopeidae and Pseudorhombilidae.

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Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

The Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of zoology published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Linnean Society.

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Deacpoda, Decapod (crustacean), Decapod crustacean, Decapod crustaceans, Decapoda (crustacea), Decapodians, Decapods, Reptantia.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decapoda

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