65 relations: Acetyl-CoA, Agmatine, Alpha and beta carbon, Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, Amine, Amino acid, Arginine, Arrhenius equation, Barton decarboxylation, Benzene, Benzoic acid, Biosynthesis, Cadaverine, Carbon dioxide, Carboxy-lyases, Carboxylation, Carboxylic acid, Chemical reaction, Citric acid cycle, Coupling reaction, Cyclohexenone, Dopamine, Enol, Enzyme Commission number, Ethanolamine, Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, Glutamic acid, Histamine, Histidine, Homologation reaction, Hunsdiecker reaction, Hydrochloric acid, Keto acid, Ketonic decarboxylation, Knoevenagel condensation, Kochi reaction, Kolbe electrolysis, Krapcho decarboxylation, L-DOPA, Lysine, Malonic ester synthesis, Ornithine, Oxalosuccinic acid, Oxidative decarboxylation, Phenethylamine, Phenylalanine, Photosynthesis, Putrescine, Pyrolysis, Pyruvate decarboxylation, ..., Pyruvic acid, Rate equation, Retrosynthetic analysis, Salicylic acid, Serine, Serotonin, Succinyl-CoA, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, Tryptamine, Tryptophan, Tyramine, Tyrosine, Vitamin C, 5-Hydroxytryptophan. Expand index (15 more) » « Shrink index
Acetyl-CoA (acetyl coenzyme A) is a molecule that participates in many biochemical reactions in protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
Agmatine, also known as (4-aminobutyl)guanidine, is an aminoguanidine that was discovered in 1910 by Albrecht Kossel.
The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.
α-Ketoglutaric acid (2-oxoglutaric acid) is one of two ketone derivatives of glutaric acid.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Arginine (symbol Arg or R) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
The Arrhenius equation is a formula for the temperature dependence of reaction rates.
The Barton decarboxylation is a radical reaction in which a carboxylic acid is first converted to a thiohydroxamate ester (commonly referred to as a Barton ester).
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.
Cadaverine is a foul-smelling diamine compound produced by the putrefaction of animal tissue.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carboxy-lyases, also known as decarboxylases, are carbon–carbon lyases that add or remove a carboxyl group from organic compounds.
Carboxylation is a chemical reaction in which a carboxylic acid group is produced by treating a substrate with carbon dioxide.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
The citric acid cycle (CAC) – also known as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle or the Krebs cycle – is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
A coupling reaction in organic chemistry is a general term for a variety of reactions where two hydrocarbon fragments are coupled with the aid of a metal catalyst.
Cyclohexenone is an organic compound which is a versatile intermediate used in the synthesis of a variety of chemical products such as pharmaceuticals and fragrances.
Dopamine (DA, a contraction of 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body.
Enols, or more formally, alkenols, are a type of reactive structure or intermediate in organic chemistry that is represented as an alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of the alkene double bond.
The Enzyme Commission number (EC number) is a numerical classification scheme for enzymes, based on the chemical reactions they catalyze.
Ethanolamine (2-aminoethanol, monoethanolamine, ETA, or MEA) is an organic chemical compound with the formula HOCH2CH2NH2.
gamma-Aminobutyric acid, or γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system.
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses, as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain, spinal cord, and uterus.
Histidine (symbol His or H) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
A homologation reaction, also known as homologization, is any chemical reaction that converts the reactant into the next member of the homologous series.
The Hunsdiecker reaction (also called the Borodin reaction or the Hunsdiecker–Borodin reaction) is a name reaction in organic chemistry whereby silver salts of carboxylic acids react with a halogen to produce an organic halide.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Keto acids or ketoacids (also called oxo acids or oxoacids) are organic compounds that contain a carboxylic acid group and a ketone group.
Ketonic decarboxylation (also known as ketonization) is a type of organic reaction and a decarboxylation converting two equivalents of a carboxylic acid to a symmetric ketone by the application of heat with expulsion of one equivalent of water and one equivalent of carbon dioxide.
The Knoevenagel condensation reaction is an organic reaction named after Emil Knoevenagel.
The Kochi reaction is an organic reaction for the decarboxylation of carboxylic acids to alkyl halides with Lead(IV) acetate and a lithium halide.
The Kolbe electrolysis or Kolbe reaction is an organic reaction named after Hermann Kolbe.
The Krapcho decarboxylation is the chemical reaction of esters with halide anions.
L-DOPA, also known as levodopa or L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine is an amino acid that is made and used as part of the normal biology of humans, as well as some animals and plants.
Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
The malonic ester synthesis is a chemical reaction where diethyl malonate or another ester of malonic acid is alkylated at the carbon alpha (directly adjacent) to both carbonyl groups, and then converted to a substituted acetic acid.
Ornithine is a non-proteinogenic amino acid that plays a role in the urea cycle.
Oxalosuccinic acid is a substrate of the citric acid cycle.
Oxidative decarboxylation reactions are oxidation reactions in which a carboxylate group is removed, forming carbon dioxide.
Phenethylamine (PEA) is an organic compound, natural monoamine alkaloid, and trace amine which acts as a central nervous system stimulant in humans.
Phenylalanine (symbol Phe or F) is an α-amino acid with the formula.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Putrescine, or tetramethylenediamine, is a foul-smelling organic chemical compound NH2(CH2)4NH2 (1,4-diaminobutane or butanediamine) that is related to cadaverine; both are produced by the breakdown of amino acids in living and dead organisms and both are toxic in large doses.
Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere.
Pyruvate decarboxylation or pyruvate oxidation is the conversion of pyruvate into acetyl-CoA (activated acetate) by the enzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase.
Pyruvic acid (CH3COCOOH) is the simplest of the alpha-keto acids, with a carboxylic acid and a ketone functional group.
The rate law or rate equation for a chemical reaction is an equation that links the reaction rate with the concentrations or pressures of the reactants and constant parameters (normally rate coefficients and partial reaction orders).
Retrosynthetic analysis is a technique for solving problems in the planning of organic syntheses.
Salicylic acid (from Latin salix, willow tree) is a lipophilic monohydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, and a beta hydroxy acid (BHA).
Serine (symbol Ser or S) is an ɑ-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.
Succinyl-Coenzyme A, abbreviated as Succinyl-CoA or SucCoA, is a combination of succinic acid and coenzyme A.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis.
Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA, 2-COOH-THC; conjugate base tetrahydrocannabinolate) is a precursor of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active component of cannabis.
Tryptamine is a monoamine alkaloid.
Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Tyramine (also spelled tyramin), also known by several other names is a naturally occurring trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine.
Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), also known as oxitriptan, is a naturally occurring amino acid and chemical precursor as well as a metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of the neurotransmitter serotonin.